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Urban, Community and Regional Planning

2004

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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Applying Information Technology To Decision-Making: The Epa Geobook Applied To Greenway Planning, Margaret Ann Ely Dec 2004

Applying Information Technology To Decision-Making: The Epa Geobook Applied To Greenway Planning, Margaret Ann Ely

Masters Theses

The purpose of this thesis is to examine the role information technology could play in the planning process, by studying the role GeoBook played in its application to greenway planning. Technology has continued to advance through the years, so it is important that the planning process incorporates these technologies so as to become more proficient at making decisions. Because our natural resources are limited, we have the responsibility to steward them to the best of our ability and to make the most educated decisions possible. By incorporating modern science into land-use decisions, decision-makers can make more informed decision. This thesis ...


Templeton 2004: Community Profile, Crp 410/ 411 Community Planning Lab Dec 2004

Templeton 2004: Community Profile, Crp 410/ 411 Community Planning Lab

CRP 410/ 411 Community Planning Laboratory I & II

No abstract provided.


The Image Of The Waterfront In Rio De Janeiro: Urbanism And Social Representation Of Reality, Nara Iwata, Vicente Del Rio Dec 2004

The Image Of The Waterfront In Rio De Janeiro: Urbanism And Social Representation Of Reality, Nara Iwata, Vicente Del Rio

City and Regional Planning

Postmodernity and economic globalization incite countries, regions, and cities to compete for investments, consumers, and resources. In aspiring for a new position in this global market, cities utilize new urban practices that lead them to rediscover and reinvent identities and traditions. In Rio de Janeiro, the mythical dimension of the South Zone is inseparably incorporated to its identity. In evaluating the history of the imagery linked to the beaches and the projects for the waterfront, one may observe a social construction of a reality that is marked by a continuous redesigning of symbols but also by a discontinuity in the ...


De Cara Al Futuro, Fernando Carrión Mena Nov 2004

De Cara Al Futuro, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

Relatoría del Seminario Internacional “Ciudad e Inclusión: Por el derecho a la Ciudad” Bogotá, 7 y 8 de Octubre de 2003

Quiero agradecer a los organizadores la oportunidad que me brindan de elaborar y presentar a ustedes esta relatoría del evento. No se trata de reproducir lo que se ha discutido, sino contarles el procesamiento que he hecho a partir de las exposiciones realizadas. Es más una interpretación que un relato de lo ocurrido.

Hemos sido partícipes de un Seminario Internacional que ha tenido una estructura compuesta por dos tipos de exposiciones: ponencias con temas transversales importantes para las ciudades ...


Espacio Público: Punto De Partida Para La Alteridad, Fernando Carrión Mena Nov 2004

Espacio Público: Punto De Partida Para La Alteridad, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

El presente artículo busca colocar en la discusión algunas ideas –todavía en estado primario- sobre el espacio público, debido a la importancia que tiene para producir ciudad, generar integración social y construir el respeto al otro (pedagogía de la alteridad). Adicionalmente, el espacio público ha adquirido un significativo peso en los debates sobre la ciudad y en la agenda de las políticas urbanas; lo cual no es casual que así ocurra, porque se ha convertido en uno de los temas de mayor confrontación social respecto de la ciudad.

Hoy la crisis urbana ha determinado un posicionamiento de los modelos de ...


La Ciudad Y Su Gobierno Municipal, Fernando Carrión Mena Oct 2004

La Ciudad Y Su Gobierno Municipal, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

El Municipio en la América Latina española tuvo su origen en el cabildo colonial, constituido como instancia de gobierno local. Aunque seguía el modelo español traído por los conquistadores, tuvo mayor importancia que en España debido a la distancia que lo separaba del poder central. Sin embargo, no debe perderse de vista que, si bien esa apreciable autonomía se ejerció respecto de la Corona, era dependiente de ciertos grupos minoritarios locales (los criollos). De allí que no hubo una clara separación entre lo público y ]0 privado, al extremo de que en ambas esferas se compartía el ejercicio de la ...


Fluid Architecture : Synthesis : City, Adriana L. Zarrillo Oct 2004

Fluid Architecture : Synthesis : City, Adriana L. Zarrillo

Architecture Thesis Prep

"This proposal intends to manipulate the streams of the city and their potential overlaps and deviations in order to create an intervention that will revitalize both economically and aesthetically a localized area. By further developing the city streams that are already present, the pre-existing conditions, and subsequently introducing those streams that are not present in order to produce the desired result, a successful dynamic node of convergent streams with the potential to link back to larger scales."


Gateway To Interaction, Adam C. Mcwilliams Oct 2004

Gateway To Interaction, Adam C. Mcwilliams

Architecture Thesis Prep

"American cities presently face a moment of truth. While traditional city centers continue to signify established culture, science, education, and finance, in almost every city crucial sections of originally thriving city centers have persistently decreased as a location of interaction.

The regional city, if it is to sustain itself and maintain any diversity of architecture, density, and most importantly interaction, will need to accommodate a broad range of speeds, scales, and means of movement in both directions to reactivate the city center."


Land Values As A Source Of Local Government Finance, Tom Dunne Oct 2004

Land Values As A Source Of Local Government Finance, Tom Dunne

Books/Book Chapters

Funding local government has been a permanent feature of debates about public policy in Ireland and Many feel that the balance of power between local and central government is weighted too much in

This paper suggests that the concept of economic rent, on which the justification for property taxes rests and its relevance to the property market in a modern, economically successful and urbanised Ireland, needs to be vented, discussed and debated.

The proposition is that if a greater understanding was created about the economic characteristics of landed property both value capture and local property taxes would achieve greater public ...


Masscap And The Caa Role In Advocating For Change, Joseph Diamond Sep 2004

Masscap And The Caa Role In Advocating For Change, Joseph Diamond

New England Journal of Public Policy

Cites the efforts of the Massachusetts Association for Community Action Inc. and community action agencies (CCA) to alleviate poverty in the state. Programs offered by CCAs that aim to improve the quality of life of low income people; Efforts of the organization to call for changes in federal and state policies directed to the poor; Details of several initiatives assisted by the organization; Support for the adoption of the Massachusetts Self-Sufficiency Standard.


Community Action In Massachusetts, Jim Canavan Sep 2004

Community Action In Massachusetts, Jim Canavan

New England Journal of Public Policy

Evaluates the contribution of community action agencies (CCA) in alleviating poverty in Massachusetts from its creation during the term of former U.S. President Lyndon Johnson until 2004. Description of the programs to the poor offered by CCAs; Operation of CCAs across the state; Affordable housing offered by the CCAs.


Industry Clusters And Economic Development: A Learning Resource, Edward J. Feser Sep 2004

Industry Clusters And Economic Development: A Learning Resource, Edward J. Feser

Edward J Feser

One of the most widely discussed issues in community and economic development today is the role of industry clusters as engines of regional growth and development. Many communities are undertaking cluster studies or initiating cluster planning exercises as a way to organize development strategies to promote key local economic strengths or to shore up identified weaknesses. A large consulting industry has emerged to serve governments’ interest in clusters and the research literature on the topic is growing rapidly. At the same time, some analysts have likened clusters to another economic development fad that will eventually be supplanted by the next ...


Integrating Sustainability And Principles Of Local Agenda 21: A Study Of Four Local Governments In Nsw And Qld, Bhishna Bajracharya, Shahed Khan Aug 2004

Integrating Sustainability And Principles Of Local Agenda 21: A Study Of Four Local Governments In Nsw And Qld, Bhishna Bajracharya, Shahed Khan

Bhishna Bajracharya

Local Agenda 21 (LA21) under the 1992 Earth Summit charter highlighted the important role of local governments in promoting sustainable development by working with local communities. By ratifying the charter, Australia has embraced the principles of Local Agenda 21 (LA21) and is therefore required to include it into local strategies and planning.

The basic elements of LA21 include the creation of a community vision that brings together the aspirations of all stakeholders: the establishment of a partnership between local authorities, communities, and businesses; the engagement in a community-based, inclusive process of issue analysis: the preparation of action plans based on ...


En Busca De La Ciudad Perdida, Fernando Carrión Mena Aug 2004

En Busca De La Ciudad Perdida, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

En septiembre de 1993, Felipe Burbano en aquel entonces Director del Diario HOY, tuvo la gentileza de invitarme a participar en el periódico. No dudé respecto del honor que me hacía, así como tampoco de la importancia que revestía el trascender con algunas opiniones especializadas a nivel masivo.

Pero nunca me imaginé el significado real de la propuesta hasta cuando empecé a redactar los primeros artículos. Sin duda, sentir el "estrés" de la periodicidad semanal dominar la exigencia temática y asumir la responsabilidad de la opinión me tomaron su tiempo. Incluso hoy luego de un año sigo por la senda ...


How The Far West Side Will Be Won, Laura Wolf-Powers Jul 2004

How The Far West Side Will Be Won, Laura Wolf-Powers

Laura Wolf-Powers

No abstract provided.


Sustaining An Indiscrete Cultural Landscape: A Case Study Of The South Brisbane Peninsula, Daniel O'Hare Jul 2004

Sustaining An Indiscrete Cultural Landscape: A Case Study Of The South Brisbane Peninsula, Daniel O'Hare

Daniel O'Hare

The aim of this paper is to expand heritage conservation philosophy and practice, particularly as applied to inner urban areas experiencing rapid change. It is hoped that the paper will contribute towards the development of a cultural landscape orientation in planning, and thereby towards ‘sustainable conservation.’ The paper focuses on the Australian urban conservation context, using the established conservation practice guides as its starting point. These guides, The Burra Charter (Marquis-Kyle and Walker, 1992) and The Conservation Plan (Kerr, 2002) provide rigorous and useful definitions of ‘cultural significance’ and ‘conservation’. It is argued that further development of cultural landscape theory ...


Models Of Urban Governance And Planning In Latin America And The United States: Associationism, Regime Theory, And Communicative Action, Clara Irazabal Jul 2004

Models Of Urban Governance And Planning In Latin America And The United States: Associationism, Regime Theory, And Communicative Action, Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

In many American and Latin American cities alike, urban governance and planning are either in urgent need of reform or are currently undergoing haphazard reform. In many cases, innovative attempts to implement reforms have failed because the inability of cities to develop their 'civic capacity' -- the capacity to build and maintain broad social and political multi-sectoral coalitions in pursuit of common goals. This article argues that these significant points of convergence are productive building blocks for the construction of more generalizable models of urban governance and planning in democratic cities in the Americas and beyond. It situates coalition and network ...


Memoria De Una Gestión. Flacso 1996-2000, Fernando Carrión Mena Jul 2004

Memoria De Una Gestión. Flacso 1996-2000, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

Más de ocho años han pasado desde octubre de 1995 en que me fue encargada la Dirección de FLACSO-Ecuador, ante la renuncia de la directora de aquel momento; la posterior elección, en abril de 1996, por la Asamblea del Sistema Internacional de FLACSO, y la reelección por un segundo período en el año 2000.

En estos años no han sido pocos los desafíos de construir una institucionalidad reconocida en el ámbito de las Ciencias Sociales en nuestro país y en América Latina. Sin embargo han sido mucho más las satisfacciones de afianzar un proyecto común, con un equipo de trabajo ...


La Ciudad Y La Diversidad, Fernando Carrión Mena May 2004

La Ciudad Y La Diversidad, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

A continuación voy a plantearles tres temas alrededor de la relación entre ciudad y diversidad. El primer punto a tratar parte de un orden conceptual para entender de mejor manera lo que significa la diversidad dentro de la ciudad. El segundo punto versará sobre la forma en que la diversidad se expresa dentro de la ciudad y el tercero, cómo se puede reconstruir la unidad urbana a partir de la diversidad.

Actualmente la ciudad se define a partir de dos consideraciones importantes: la primera que es una definición antigua del inglés Louis Wirth, que perteneció a la Escuela de Chicago ...


An Analysis And Case Studies Of Community Development And Economic Development And Their Relationship To Planning, Stacey U. Tucker May 2004

An Analysis And Case Studies Of Community Development And Economic Development And Their Relationship To Planning, Stacey U. Tucker

Masters Theses

This study began as an exploration of the fields of Economic Development and Community Development. By researching an extensive selection of literature, the two terms were defined and the disciplines expounded upon. The two were then compared and contrasted in their relationship to each other and their relationship to the field of Planning. A matrix was developed from the literary findings of the various functions of each field in relation to several community issues.

Eight cities, selected from two population groups and four regions, were examined as case studies, to compare the functions of actual Community Development, Economic Development, and ...


Transit Oriented Development, Park And Ride, And Transit Station Placement Along Bus Rapid Transit Corridors: A Study Of The Sevier County, Tennessee Route, Melany Strike Noltenius May 2004

Transit Oriented Development, Park And Ride, And Transit Station Placement Along Bus Rapid Transit Corridors: A Study Of The Sevier County, Tennessee Route, Melany Strike Noltenius

Masters Theses

This study analyzes the current land use practices along the proposed Sevier County Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) route from Interstate 40 through Sevierville and Pigeon Forge to Gatlinburg, Tennessee. The study then provides direction in the possible placement of transit oriented developments (TOD), park and ride lots, and transit stations along the route based on population levels, commuter travel patterns, and employment nodes. The current zoning practices and regulations of each town along the proposed BRT are reviewed to see what changes need to be made to allow for TODs, park and ride, and transit stations.


Deep Discount Group Pass Programs As Instruments For Increasing Transit Revenue And Ridership, Cornelius K. Nuworsoo May 2004

Deep Discount Group Pass Programs As Instruments For Increasing Transit Revenue And Ridership, Cornelius K. Nuworsoo

City and Regional Planning

Transit properties in the USA have historically experienced loss of market share and low levels of farebox recovery. They resorted to service expansion to maximize subsidies. Experience suggests that: (a) fare increases have not had the desired effect; (b) fare reductions can boost ridership but can also reduce revenue and increase subsidies. The challenge lies with the adoption of such strategies as deep discount group pass programs that can produce more marginal revenue than cost. Deep discount transit pass programs provide groups of people with unlimited-ride transit passes in exchange for a contractual payment for or on behalf of pass ...


The Architect's Work I: Peter Eisenman, Peter Eisenman, Scott Ruff, Michael A. Ambrose, Theodore L. Brown, Larissa Babij Apr 2004

The Architect's Work I: Peter Eisenman, Peter Eisenman, Scott Ruff, Michael A. Ambrose, Theodore L. Brown, Larissa Babij

Full list of publications from School of Architecture

Museums are one of the primary cultural icons of the city. As such, they embody ideas not only about history, art, or nature, but also about place. A great museum develops from ideas about its place. Our proposal for Guangdong Museum (New) is "The Box of Changes." It evolves from two ideas about place: place as real artifact-the site- and place as a cultural idea-the I Ching.

-Peter Eisenman


Planning For Retail Activities In Small Downtowns: Towards A Pragmatic Approach, John Mullin, Zenia Kotval Apr 2004

Planning For Retail Activities In Small Downtowns: Towards A Pragmatic Approach, John Mullin, Zenia Kotval

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Faculty Publication Series

Over the past twenty years there has been an enormous shift in terms of retail activity in our downtowns. The changes that have occurred have influenced where and how we shop, where we live and how we define the centers of our communities. As these have evolved, planners have constantly attempted to react and adapt. At times, they have been quite sucessful while, more often, they have been frustrated. What is most perplexing is that the shifts show no signs of abating. It is an exciting time to be undertaking downtown planning!


The University As A Contributor To The Local Economy: Key Thoughts For Local Planners, John Mullin, Zenia Kotval Apr 2004

The University As A Contributor To The Local Economy: Key Thoughts For Local Planners, John Mullin, Zenia Kotval

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Faculty Publication Series

As we move into the twenty-first century, economic development officials are increasingly attempting to find new ways to "jump start" their local economies. Traditionally, this has involved, among others, finding appropriate land, ensuring there is adequate infrastructure, helping to train the local workforce, bringing financial institutions on board and assisting local entrepreneurs to bring their ideas to the market place. More recently, it has been also oriented toward ensuring that human capital is being invested into the community such that the local schools, recreation facilities, cultural attractions and public safety systems are all first rate. What has been too frequently ...


New Zealand's Search For Sustainability: Ideas For California Planning, Paul Wack Apr 2004

New Zealand's Search For Sustainability: Ideas For California Planning, Paul Wack

City and Regional Planning

New Zealand, or Aotearoa to the native Maori, is a small island nation of 4 million people and 47 million sheep, located across the Tasman Sea from Australia. The home of the Kiwi (an endangered bird, a popular fruit, and the friendly people) is about the size of Colorado, although the shape of the north and south islands would approximate the elongated length of California.

Much of New Zealand would remind us of Oregon and the Sierras with their majestic Southern Alps. Overall, New Zealand reminds me of California during the 1950’s, before urban sprawl kicked in with a ...


Review Of The Disappearing Asian City: Protecting Asia's Urban Heritage In A Globalizing World By William S. Logan, Hemalata C. Dandekar Apr 2004

Review Of The Disappearing Asian City: Protecting Asia's Urban Heritage In A Globalizing World By William S. Logan, Hemalata C. Dandekar

City and Regional Planning

No abstract provided.


Kit-Of-Parts Architecture : An Exploration Into The Standardization And Simplification Of An Urban Residential Building Unit, John Anderson Allmand Apr 2004

Kit-Of-Parts Architecture : An Exploration Into The Standardization And Simplification Of An Urban Residential Building Unit, John Anderson Allmand

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis focuses on the design of a construction method that utilizes a single adaptable kit-of-parts system. The new system is designed to be flexible while also enhancing construction speeds without severely limiting the building's ability to merge into an urban fabric. This thesis proposes a residential structure to be built from a handful of simple structural units.

This is accomplished through the design of a residential building situated in an area of Miami currently under reconstruction.


Shandon Plan, Fall 2003/ Winter 2004, Crp 410/ 411 Community Planning Lab Mar 2004

Shandon Plan, Fall 2003/ Winter 2004, Crp 410/ 411 Community Planning Lab

City & Regional Planning Studios and Projects

Shandon is a small community located about twenty miles east of Paso Robles in northern San Luis Obispo County. The town is adjacent to state Highway 46, and its main street, Centre Street, is also a state route—Highway 41—which runs through the center of town. The town’s population is growing, and currently totals about one thousand residents. The town’s population comprises two main groups; there are roughly equal numbers of Latino and white residents living in Shandon.

Shandon has very few services to offer its residents. The population is currently too small to support many businesses ...


It's A Pale Shadow Of A Real, Functioning River, Heidi M. Hohmann Feb 2004

It's A Pale Shadow Of A Real, Functioning River, Heidi M. Hohmann

Landscape Architecture Publications

If the River Returns Project were a new design, its greatest weakness-the artificiality of the water system - would be clear. Some critics would decry the ersatz river as a pale shadow of a real, functioning riverine system, while others would complain that the mechanized nature of the park should be revealed, rather than hidden under a thin veneer of "ecological design." As new design, the project would, critically, be dead in the water.