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Urban, Community and Regional Planning

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Articles 1 - 30 of 821

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Eco 112 - Economia Brasileira, Eloi Martins Senhoras Jan 2016

Eco 112 - Economia Brasileira, Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


A Review Study Of Urban Landfill Pavement Drainage System In Madhya Pradesh ,, Tapas Dasgupta, Amit Vishwakarma Sep 2015

A Review Study Of Urban Landfill Pavement Drainage System In Madhya Pradesh ,, Tapas Dasgupta, Amit Vishwakarma

Innovative Research Publications IRP India

Urban Land fill pavement drainage is one of the key components which need to be considered along with other parameters for urban land fill pavement management system. In which various issues related with integrating the urban land fill pavement roadway drainage with Land fill pavement Management System. It highlights the major ingress and egress routes of water in land fill pavement structure, methods to measure moisture and approaches to control the water entry. This paper reviews different software's for designing the drainage system and techniques for modeling the drainage conditions in land fill pavement deterioration models. The effect of ...


Complete Streets At Calpoly San Luis Obispo, William W. Riggs, Jana Schwartz Jun 2015

Complete Streets At Calpoly San Luis Obispo, William W. Riggs, Jana Schwartz

William W. Riggs

A synthesis of work completed by CRP 470 / 425, Bicycle and Pedestrian Planning students this project evaluated bicycle and pedestrian transportation at CalPoly, San Luis Obispo. Focusing on the south campus area with a goal of mitigating impacts of increasing housing development in the area the project involved: 1) data collection and field work; 2) analysis of trends; and 3) proposed treatments to improve circulation, safety and active transportation.


Bicycle Friendly Community Assessment, William W. Riggs, Hannah Kornfeld, Evelyn Garcia, Daniel Abbes, Miriam Arias, Alan Ayon, Gustavo Castro, John Forrest Chamberlain, Megan Cutler, Alex Hunt, Spencer Johnson, Rose Kelly, Haleigh King, Lauren Leedeman, Molly Mcdonnel, Steven Orozco, Emma Petersen, David Pierucci, Haylee Rea, Jana Schwartz, William Shires, Eric Sindel Jun 2015

Bicycle Friendly Community Assessment, William W. Riggs, Hannah Kornfeld, Evelyn Garcia, Daniel Abbes, Miriam Arias, Alan Ayon, Gustavo Castro, John Forrest Chamberlain, Megan Cutler, Alex Hunt, Spencer Johnson, Rose Kelly, Haleigh King, Lauren Leedeman, Molly Mcdonnel, Steven Orozco, Emma Petersen, David Pierucci, Haylee Rea, Jana Schwartz, William Shires, Eric Sindel

William W. Riggs

Completed by Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo City & Regional Planning students enrolled in a bicycle and pedestrian planning course, under the direction of Dr. William Riggs this report was designed to gather data in advance of the City of San Luis Obispo's application to be a Bicycle Friendly Community. The report focuses on the key certification areas of Engineering, Education, Encouragement, Evaluation/Planning and Enforcement providing documentation for the City's eventual application.


Love Is A Two Way Street, William W. Riggs, John Gilderbloom May 2015

Love Is A Two Way Street, William W. Riggs, John Gilderbloom

William W. Riggs

A half a century ago, we were in love with our streets. They were also living things. They were the open-air living room of our society, the conduct for neighborhood play and discussion, the glue of our social fabric. One of the key urban theorists of the 20th century, Jane Jacobs wrote in Fortune Magazine that the street “…works harder than any other part of downtown. It is the nervous system; it communicates the flavor, the feel, the sights. It is the major point of transaction and communication. Users of downtown know very well that downtown needs not fewer streets ...


Living Wall (Vertical Greening): Benefits And Threats, Mehdi Rakhshandehroo, Mohd Johari Mohd Yusof, Roozbeh Arabi May 2015

Living Wall (Vertical Greening): Benefits And Threats, Mehdi Rakhshandehroo, Mohd Johari Mohd Yusof, Roozbeh Arabi

mrakhshandehroo@yahoo.com

Sustainable development demands a significant approach between architecture and the environment. During the challenge of climate change, energy crisis and urban expansion, a new approach is required to address environmental problems and one of these approaches is vertical greening that can be categorized into green facade and living wall. Living wall systems (LWS) consist of plants and partly growing materials that have a number of beneficial functions, for example: increasing the outdoor and indoor comfort, ecological value, biodiversity, insulation properties, improvement of air quality mitigation of the urban heat island phenomenon, and psychological and social well-being of citizens. This paper ...


Green Façade (Vertical Greening): Benefits And Threats, Mehdi Rakhshandehroo, Mohd Johari Mohd Yusof, Meysam Deghati Najd May 2015

Green Façade (Vertical Greening): Benefits And Threats, Mehdi Rakhshandehroo, Mohd Johari Mohd Yusof, Meysam Deghati Najd

mrakhshandehroo@yahoo.com

In the challenge of development in dense urban areas and environmental preservation, sustainability is a significant requirement where green facade (vertical greening) is one of those approaches that flourished during the last decade although it is not a new concept. Hanging or vertical garden, vertical vegetable farms, balcony garden, container or planter box greening, green or eco building, green roof or rooftop garden, wall planter, and green envelop are all different aspects of this idea that demonstrate how wide this landscape can be. Greening the building envelope with vegetation can be used as a mean to restore the environmental conditions ...


Improving Active Transportation Data In Hias With Automated Counters: Lessons From Ca, William W. Riggs Apr 2015

Improving Active Transportation Data In Hias With Automated Counters: Lessons From Ca, William W. Riggs

William W. Riggs

Quantifying the active transportation by biking and walking through counts is an important part of developing policy and intervention to mitigate risk and encourage active lifestyles. Numerous studies have evaluated the different methods of counting bicycles and pedestrians, but very little work has evaluated actual cases of how they fit into active transportation programs and health impact assessments (HIAs). The purpose of this study was to study validates the results of those studies looking at the reliability of results gathered as a part of two California projects and how they fit into existing planning and health assessment programs. Automated counters ...


More Than One Way To Think About Urban Streets, John I. Gilderbloom, William W. Riggs Mar 2015

More Than One Way To Think About Urban Streets, John I. Gilderbloom, William W. Riggs

William W. Riggs

This op-ed discusses research into the differences between one-way and two-way street design, and how two-way streets are associated with fewer traffic accidents, less crime and abandonments, and increased housing prices.


The Impact Of Cargo Bikes On Travel Patterns: Survey Report, William W. Riggs, Jana E. Schwartz Feb 2015

The Impact Of Cargo Bikes On Travel Patterns: Survey Report, William W. Riggs, Jana E. Schwartz

William W. Riggs

Cargo bikes are becoming increasingly available in the United States with vendors such as Yuba, Trek, XtraCycle, and Marin all offering platforms. While a large body of research has continued to investigate traditional bike transportation, cargo bikes offer the potential to capture trips for those that might otherwise be made by car. To investigate this, a survey was conducted querying how use and travel characteristics changed upon cargo bike ownership (N = 299; 95% Confidence Interval +/-6%).


The Cost Versus Price For Parking Spaces At Major Employment Centers: Findings From Uc Berkeley, Tudela-Rivadeneyra, Manish Shirgaokar, Elizabeth Deakin Aldo, Manish Shirgoakar, Elizabeth A. Deakin, William W. Riggs Jan 2015

The Cost Versus Price For Parking Spaces At Major Employment Centers: Findings From Uc Berkeley, Tudela-Rivadeneyra, Manish Shirgaokar, Elizabeth Deakin Aldo, Manish Shirgoakar, Elizabeth A. Deakin, William W. Riggs

William W. Riggs

In dense urban areas, surface parking often poses an opportunity cost, and reuse of the land for urban development with parking relocated to a multistory structure may be an attractive option. This paper analyzes the cost of replacing surface parking with a parking structure and finds that it may be equally cost effective to pursue travel demand management strategies. The paper analyzes what it costs to build a parking space in a multi-story structure (garage) using US average data as well as data from a substantially higher-cost case, the University of California, Berkeley. The Berkeley case illustrates how replacement of ...


Intersectionality And Planning At The Margins: Lgbtq Youth Of Color In New York, Clara Irazabal, Claudia Huerta Jan 2015

Intersectionality And Planning At The Margins: Lgbtq Youth Of Color In New York, Clara Irazabal, Claudia Huerta

Clara Irazabal

Through an intersectional lens, this article reflects on the dialog between planning and gender, feminist, and queer studies to analyze the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) youth of color (YOC) community in New York City (NYC). The community is subject to multiple disenfranchisements, given their ethno-racial status, class, age, gender, and sexual orientation. This community's limited access to safe public spaces and amenities, housing, health services, job training, and other opportunities is an urban planning challenge insufficiently understood or addressed. Our methodology includes participant observation and analysis of an LGBTQ YOC tour of West Village in NYC ...


Mainstreaming Ecosystem-Based Adaptation: Transformation Toward Sustainability In Urban Governance And Planning, Christine Wamsler Jan 2015

Mainstreaming Ecosystem-Based Adaptation: Transformation Toward Sustainability In Urban Governance And Planning, Christine Wamsler

Christine Wamsler

The concept of ecosystem-based adaptation is advocated at international, national, and regional levels. The concept is thought to foster sustainability transitions and is receiving increasing interest from academic and governmental bodies alike. However, there is little theory regarding the pathways for its systematic implementation. It furthermore remains unclear to what degree the concept is already applied in urban planning practice, how it is integrated into existing planning structures and processes, and what drivers exist for further integration. Against this background, this study examines potential ways to sustainably mainstream ecosystembased adaptation into urban planning. Eight municipalities in Southern Germany were investigated ...


Sustainable Urban Open Green Spaces: Opportunities And Challenges, Mehdi Rakhshandehroo, Mohd Johari Mohd Yusof, Osman Mohd Tahir, Mohd Yazid Mohd Yunos Jan 2015

Sustainable Urban Open Green Spaces: Opportunities And Challenges, Mehdi Rakhshandehroo, Mohd Johari Mohd Yusof, Osman Mohd Tahir, Mohd Yazid Mohd Yunos

mrakhshandehroo@yahoo.com

Shortage of open green spaces has become a common concern in today’s compact cities. Based on the literature review, urban open green spaces provide different dimensions of sustainability because of opportunities for social, environmental, and economic benefits which contribute to quality of life in cities. Urban development and renewal should be accompanied with a greening vision, to insert more plantable spaces into the urban fabric. Therefore sustainable urban planning, design and management are needed to improve urban greening strategy. In order to enhance urban greenery, innovative and creative ideas should be applied in urban management, for instance informal open ...


Urban Design Projects, Vicente Del Rio Jan 2015

Urban Design Projects, Vicente Del Rio

Vicente del Rio

Images of main planning and urban design projects and book covers, such as: Urban design concept plan for Fells Point, Baltimore; Rio Cidade Project, Rio de Janeiro; Lagoa dos Ingleses and Porto Jacuhi new communities; Runner-up for riverfront ecological park in Uberlandia, Brazil; Runner-up proposal for the 2016 Rio Olympics Park Master Plan; Park Marina Riverfront Urban Design Plan, Redding CA; Avenue 12 Corridor Urban Design Plan, Madera County CA.


How Is Mobile Technology Changing City Planning? Developing A Taxonomy For The Future, William W. Riggs, Kayla Gordon, Chris Steins Oct 2014

How Is Mobile Technology Changing City Planning? Developing A Taxonomy For The Future, William W. Riggs, Kayla Gordon, Chris Steins

William W. Riggs

The emergence of web technology has created tremendous opportunities for improving the role of good government, specifically in the form of increased information, interaction with the public, and more cost effective and efficient means of conducting public business transactions. These opportunities have been broadened with the introduction of internet-enabled mobile devices, as location-based information is used to increase awareness of user activity, movements and behaviors in real-time conditions and specific contexts (Kwak, Lee, Park & Moon, 2010). Some argue that the transition to mobile changes the nature of work and can allow individuals to work outside the office and create knowledge creation that is geographically referenced (Zurita, 2012). Based on a survey of public sector planning officials, this study confirms other work that suggests high levels of smartphone use for work purposes (Evans-Cowley & Kubinski, 2013), there are still locations where local planners do not have desktop computer access and there is little reliance on web technologies. That said, despite high levels of mobile use, activities conducted via mobile continue to be less transactive than the literature suggests, leaving room for future growth as mobile phones and tablets increase in prevalence. While some have argued that e-government tools have two major roles, 1) information sharing and 2) receptive exchanges (Evans-Cowley, 2010; Evans-Cowley & Kitchen, 2011). We argue that there is a third role for planning and e-government technology – the interactive or transactive. Given this framework, this research establishes ...


City Of Concord Complete Streets Study, William W. Riggs, Charlie Coles, Megyn Rugh, Camille Jackson Aug 2014

City Of Concord Complete Streets Study, William W. Riggs, Charlie Coles, Megyn Rugh, Camille Jackson

William W. Riggs

The purpose of this report is to summarize the data collected as a part of the Concord Complete Streets Study and to provide the City with preliminary support in the progress to construct a safer, more bike and pedestrian friendly Concord. The developments and visions found in this document provide a platform for continued discussion on creating a more pedestrian and bicycle friendly environment that encourages other forms of transportation and provides alternatives to dependency on automobiles.


El Regreso A La Ciudad Construida, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Mar 2014

El Regreso A La Ciudad Construida, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

La relación entre suelo urbano y ciudad es indisoluble; es tan así que durante mucho tiempo se los entendió como si fueran lo mismo. Por eso, originalmente el desarrollo urbano fue concebido como el resultado de los cambios en los usos de suelo propuestos por la planificación urbana. Si bien esta comprensión inicial perdura hasta ahora, no se puede negar la existencia de un avance en la comprensión de la temática urbana, que ha llevado a superar esta visión espacialista caracterizada por la sobredeterminación de lo espacial sobre lo social. Pero también, por aquella antítesis que postula la llamada “teoría ...


Calpoly Must To Do More To Put Brakes On Vehicle Traffic, William W. Riggs Feb 2014

Calpoly Must To Do More To Put Brakes On Vehicle Traffic, William W. Riggs

William W. Riggs

There are countless examples of university communities in the United States and internationally that have implemented similar policies. While the city of San Luis Obispo is taking aggressive steps to move in that direction as a part of updates to the Land Use and Circulation Elements, these efforts are not being matched by the campus — and this is at a time where the increase in student population necessitates it.


La Ciudad Y Su Gobierno En América Latina, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Jan 2014

La Ciudad Y Su Gobierno En América Latina, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

: El gobierno de la ciudad en América Latina debe ser entendido a partir de una doble óptica interrelacionada: por un lado, en su condición histórica, en términos de que en las últimas décadas se prefiguran claramente dos momentos; el primero vinculado a la ciudad frontera, donde prima la jerarquía urbana y el gobierno intra urbano, que terminó siendo desbordado por las demandas del crecimiento demográfico, lo cual condujo a políticas de planificación que negaron la existencia de grandes grupos de población (marginales, ilegales) y de la participación entendida como autoconstrucción (deja la responsabilidad a la sociedad); y el segundo, inscrito ...


Elecciones Locales 2014, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Jan 2014

Elecciones Locales 2014, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

Esta diferenciación de las fechas se sustentó en la necesidad de fortalecer la autonomía de los gobiernos locales, de tal manera que no se produzca el arrastre de los votos de los candidatos nacionales hacia los locales. Sin embargo, esta importante legislación quedará en el papel, debido a que el presidente de la República será el gran elector, debido al fuerte liderazgo que posee. En la fase preelectoral ya se sintió su presencia, tanto en la selección de candidaturas como en la reelección de ciertas dignidades: se reunió con alrededor de 180 alcaldes y definieron los apoyos mutuos. Ahora, en ...


Redevelopment Of Urban Village In Shenzhen, Hang Zhou Jan 2014

Redevelopment Of Urban Village In Shenzhen, Hang Zhou

hang@art.umass.edu

Urban Villages are a specific phenomenon raised in modern China due to the high-speed economic development and urbanization in recent three decades. And there are social, economic, cultural and architectural transformations happened in these villages during these years. They appear on both the outskirts and the downtown segments of major cities, and surrounded by skyscrapers, transportation infrastructures, and other modern urban constructions. They are commonly inhabited by the poor and transient.

Most of Urban Villages are heavily populated, overdeveloped, and lack of basic infrastructure. Some villages' building density is higher than 70%. They are composed of overcrowded multi-story buildings from ...


Sun, Wind & Light: Architectural Design Strategies, 3rd Edition, Mark Dekay, G Z. Brown Jan 2014

Sun, Wind & Light: Architectural Design Strategies, 3rd Edition, Mark Dekay, G Z. Brown

Mark DeKay

An updated guide to designing buildings that heat with the sun, cool with the wind, and light with the sky.This fully updated Third Edition covers principles of designing buildings that use the sun for heating, wind for cooling, and daylight for natural lighting. With 432 printed pages and a 450-page electronic book, supplemented with Digital Extras, this package supplies the preliminary design tools and strategies for achieving Architecture 2030® carbon-neutral performance targets. Using hundreds of illustrations, this book offers practical strategies that give the designer the tools they need to make energy efficient buildings.Hundreds of illustrations and practical ...


Expecting The Unexpected: Field Research In Post-Disaster Settings, Anuradha Mukherji, Emel Ganapati, Guitele Rahill Jan 2014

Expecting The Unexpected: Field Research In Post-Disaster Settings, Anuradha Mukherji, Emel Ganapati, Guitele Rahill

Anuradha Mukherji

The purpose of this article was to examine field research after disasters by focusing on fieldwork challenges in post-disaster research settings. We describe and evaluate post-disaster fieldwork based on three separate research projects: A study of land use change adaptation strategies following the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami; a study of long-term housing recovery following the 2001 Gujarat Earthquake in India; and a study of the role of social capital in shelter recovery following the 2010 Haiti Earthquake. The main findings of this study deal with some of the unique set of challenges that accompanies fieldwork in post-disaster ...


Urbicidio O La Producción Del Olvido: Enfoque, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Jan 2014

Urbicidio O La Producción Del Olvido: Enfoque, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

El presente artículo se enfoca en el problema del patrimonio, su significación y peligros de fetichización. Analiza la construcción de ciudades sin memoria, sin historia. Finalmente advierte sobre el peligro de urbicidio (muerte de la ciudad) y de la posibilidad de que tanto la ciudad como el patrimonio queden en manos del mercado y no de la humanidad.


Introduction: What Do We Mean By 'Transbordering Latin Americas', Clara Irazabal Jan 2014

Introduction: What Do We Mean By 'Transbordering Latin Americas', Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

This book, Transbordering Latin Americas: Liminal Places, Cultures, and Powers (T)Here, explores transbordering/transnational Latin American sociocultural and spatial conditions across the globe and across scales—from the gendered and racialized body to the national and transnational arena. What do we mean by “transbordering Latin Americas”? When we use the plural Latin Americas, we purposefully implode the notion of a unified, cohesive, and static Latin America and a corresponding singular identity—a way of being or being perceived as Latin American. The phrase “transbordering Latin Americas” thus comprises instances of that which can be defined as “Latin American” (which ...


Transbordering Planning: Esempi Dalle Americhe Latine, Clara Irazabal Jan 2014

Transbordering Planning: Esempi Dalle Americhe Latine, Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

Le discipline spaziali sono chiamate ad interrogarsi con maggiore attenzione sul ruolo che le dinamiche transnazionali hanno nella configurazione del paesaggio contemporaneo, nelle sue forme urbane, sociali ed identitarie. Lo studio di processi transnazionali del contesto latino-americano, all'interno e al di la delle sue frontiere politiche, sociali, culturali e simboliche, mostra come le popolazioni migranti trascendano, negozino e ridisegnino i confini dei regini di potere esistenti, attraverso le proprie pratiche abitative e di mobilita a diverse scale. Transbordering Latin Amercias, ultimo progetto del Latin Lab della Columbia University, presenta una serie di ricerche che ragionano sulla diffusione globale d ...


Swedish Research On Climate Change Governance And Planning [Svensk Forskning Om Klimatanpassning Inom Styrning Och Planering], M Hjerpe, Christine Wamsler Jan 2014

Swedish Research On Climate Change Governance And Planning [Svensk Forskning Om Klimatanpassning Inom Styrning Och Planering], M Hjerpe, Christine Wamsler

Christine Wamsler

No abstract provided.


Integrating Climate Change Adaptation, Disaster Risk Reduction And Urban Planning: A Review Of Nicaraguan Policies And Regulations, Claudia Rivera, Christine Wamsler Jan 2014

Integrating Climate Change Adaptation, Disaster Risk Reduction And Urban Planning: A Review Of Nicaraguan Policies And Regulations, Claudia Rivera, Christine Wamsler

Christine Wamsler

The integration of risk reduction and climate change adaptation has become an urgent task in addressing increasing urban risk more effectively and efficiently. This paper analyses the extent to which climate change adaptation is integrated into the policies and regulatory frameworks that guide urban risk reduction in Nicaragua, and discusses related progress. The results reveal significant progress in integrating climate change adaptation into the policy and regulatory frameworks of the three relatively new fields of (a) disaster risk reduction, (b) environmental management and (c) urban planning. They show that differences in the degree of integration relate to the development and ...


Local Levers For Change: Mainstreaming Ecosystem-Based Adaptation Into Municipal Planning To Foster Sustainability Transitions, Christine Wamsler, Christopher Luederitz, Ebba Brink Jan 2014

Local Levers For Change: Mainstreaming Ecosystem-Based Adaptation Into Municipal Planning To Foster Sustainability Transitions, Christine Wamsler, Christopher Luederitz, Ebba Brink

Christine Wamsler

Unprecedented global challenges demand wide-reaching societal modification to ensure life support functions and human well-being. In the absence of adequate international responses to climate change and the need for place-based adaptation, local governments have a pivotal role in fostering sustainability transitions. In this context, the importance of ecosystem-based adaptation is increasingly recognized as a multi-benefit approach that utilizes ecosystem services to harmonize human-environment systems. Although research advocates the mainstreaming of ecosystem-based adaptation to advance sustainable planning, the pathways for its systematic implementation are missing and it remains unclear how local authorities can best integrate this new approach into their core ...