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Urban, Community and Regional Planning

2012

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Articles 1 - 30 of 341

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Medellín, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Dec 2012

Medellín, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

Medellín es la segunda ciudad de Colombia con 2 400 000 habitantes en el año 2012, después de Bogotá que se acerca a los 8 millones. Es relativamente moderna, porque apenas desde fines del siglo XIX empieza a desarrollarse hasta alcanzar la dimensión que tiene en la actualidad; sin embargo, esta evolución no ha sido lineal: han existido momentos complejos y de auge. Una ciudad que a fines de los ochenta y principios de los noventa fue considerada la más violenta del mundo, a la que todos la esquivaban para no pasar por ahí. Fue cuna del cartel de Medellín ...


An Assessment Of The Effects Of Desertification In Yobe State, Nigeria, Jibril Musa Phd Dec 2012

An Assessment Of The Effects Of Desertification In Yobe State, Nigeria, Jibril Musa Phd

Confluence Journal Environmental Studies (CJES), Kogi State University, Nigeria

Desertification is one of the most serious environmental and socio-economic problems of our time. Desertification describes circumstances of land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid regions resulting from the climatic variation and human activities. The fundamental goal of this thesis was to assess the effects of desertification in Yobe State, Nigeria. The present threat of desertification in the sahel has reached an alarming stage where crops cultivation and animal rearing/grazing are no more productive, soil has lost its nutrient/fertility, various infrastructure had given way because of windstorm from the neighbouring Niger Republic and sand dunes had taken ...


Modelos De Gestión Del Futbol Nacional, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Dec 2012

Modelos De Gestión Del Futbol Nacional, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

Los años 90 son probablemente el inicio de una época de cambios trascendentales en la historia del fútbol mundial. Allí están la metamorfosis de la tecnología, la indumentaria deportiva, la globalización de las audiencias, la integración de los mercados deportivos; así como también la transformación de la regla que impide al arquero tomar con la mano la pelota entregada con el pie por parte de un compañero; la mutación de los torneos internacionales de clubes con dos campeonatos por año (Libertadores y Sudamericana en América) y con los mundiales de clubes (Confederaciones); y la innovación del mercado de futbolistas que ...


Using Remote Sensing Data To Improve Rice Production In Kutigi, Niger State, Nigeria, Jibril Musa Phd, M B. Yunusa Dec 2012

Using Remote Sensing Data To Improve Rice Production In Kutigi, Niger State, Nigeria, Jibril Musa Phd, M B. Yunusa

Confluence Journal Environmental Studies (CJES), Kogi State University, Nigeria

This research work looked in the used of Remote Sensing to improve Agricultural production in Kutigi, Niger State. The aim of the study is to use remote sensing to improve rice farming activities in Kutigi, Niger State. It is very important to identify such methods to improve Agricultural production because experts are always interested in new researches and findings to better the standard of living in any environment. In view of this, Remotely-sensed data could be used or employed to elevate most of these agricultural problems in Kutigi through the following objectives: Using Landsat imagery to assess the present landuse ...


The Feasibility Of Closing Vehicle Crossings Along St. Charles Avenue: A Study Of Transit Safety And Performance, Vivek B. Shah Dec 2012

The Feasibility Of Closing Vehicle Crossings Along St. Charles Avenue: A Study Of Transit Safety And Performance, Vivek B. Shah

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

The St. Charles streetcar is an important transit line in the city of New Orleans, with about 65,000 people living within a ½ mile walking distance from it. However, the line experiences a very high streetcar/automobile crash rate due in large part to the large number of grade vehicle crossings over the tracks that lack signalization. Through traffic modeling, the closure of many of these vehicle crossings and the diversion of automotive traffic to the remaining, signalized crossings is analyzed to determine traffic impacts on street network. The result is a modest increase in traffic, about 7-8%, at ...


Los Gabinetes Binacionales, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Dec 2012

Los Gabinetes Binacionales, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

El día 11 de diciembre pasado se produjo el Primer Gabinete Binacional entre Ecuador y Colombia, que es una continuación de los gabinetes realizados entre Ecuador/Venezuela y Ecuador/Perú. Sin duda se trata de una nueva forma de ejercer la diplomacia bilateral, mediante tres elementos innovadores: primero, porque se las sube al nivel más alto de las relaciones (presidentes), segundo, porque tiende a generar un enfoque integral (no solo militar o aduanero) y tercero, establece el mecanismo de cooperación entre los dos países para enfrentar la temática (no a la unilateralidad).

En la reunión del 11 de diciembre con ...


Measuring The Sustainability Of U.S. Public Bicycle Systems, Max W. Williamson Dec 2012

Measuring The Sustainability Of U.S. Public Bicycle Systems, Max W. Williamson

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

As cities worldwide plan for increasing urbanization levels, new challenges in mobility will arise. Any approach taken to address these new issues will need to consider how to move more people with declining resources, thus the need for a sustainable solution arises. This thesis examines the growing trend of cities creating public bicycle systems as a means to add sustainability to a transportation system and identifies what are the criteria and indicators of a sustainable public bicycle. The criteria and indicators are used to examine data collection techniques of three Public Bicycle Systems in the United States: Capital Bikeshare in ...


The 2012 Point-In-Time Estimate Of Homelessness: Volume I Of The 2012 Annual Homelessness Assessment Report, Alvaro Cortes, Meghan Henry, Rj De La Cruz, Scott Brown, Jill Khadduri, Dennis P. Culhane Dec 2012

The 2012 Point-In-Time Estimate Of Homelessness: Volume I Of The 2012 Annual Homelessness Assessment Report, Alvaro Cortes, Meghan Henry, Rj De La Cruz, Scott Brown, Jill Khadduri, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

On a single night in 2012 there were 633,782 homeless people in the United States, including 394,379 who were homeless as individuals and 239,403 people who were homeless in families.


El Cartel De Sinaloa Manda En Colombia, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Dec 2012

El Cartel De Sinaloa Manda En Colombia, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

El poderoso holding global del crimen –el cártel de Sinaloa- maneja el multimillonario negocio de la cocaína desde el vecino país del norte y las políticas diseñadas para contrarrestarlo dominan la agenda pública del gobierno colombiano. Para nadie es desconocido que el denominado Plan Colombia ha significado una inversión norteamericana no menor a 10 mil millones de dólares en este siglo, la cual ha producido, entre otros, los siguientes efectos: la articulación de las zonas de producción de cocaína (Colombia es el primer productor del mundo), heroína y marihuana con los cárteles mexicanos que controlan los caminos principales del narcotráfico ...


Feasibility Of Reconstructing Decommissioned Urban Schools: Emphasis Private Involvement, George J. Spinaris, Ra Dec 2012

Feasibility Of Reconstructing Decommissioned Urban Schools: Emphasis Private Involvement, George J. Spinaris, Ra

Purdue Polytechnic Masters Theses

Decommissioned urban schools in the United States have become a problem despite well-intentioned efforts of federal, state and local authorities to reconstruct them. The challenge to school districts, superintendants, local and state authorities is threefold – one arising from the education policy and declining student enrollment. The second challenge is due to inadequate funds for maintenance and renovation of existing facilities. The third from the architectural point of view stemming from an architectural and technological modernity to avoid not so much the possibility of urban sprawl but possible clash of community interests. Urban Sprawl is defined as “The unplanned, uncontrolled spreading ...


Los Toros Y Las Fiestas De Quito, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Dec 2012

Los Toros Y Las Fiestas De Quito, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

Las corridas de Toros estuvieron vinculadas desde siempre a las fiestas de la fundación española de la ciudad de Quito; es más, son prácticamente las que le dieron la carta de nacimiento.

Esta alianza de las corridas de toros con la fundación española se produce hace aproximadamente sesenta años, cuando los visionarios empresarios españoles vinculados a la tauromaquia deciden exportar las corridas hacia América Latina en las fechas de octubre a diciembre, debido a que en la época invernal española no se las podía realizar, generando pérdidas de grandes oportunidades empresariales. Mientras en España las corridas se cierran en el ...


Climate Change Adaptation Chapter: Marshfield, Massachusetts, Joshua H. Chase, Jonathan G. Cooper, Rory Elizabeth Fitzgerald, Filipe Antunes Lima, Sally R. Miller, Toni Marie Pignatelli Dec 2012

Climate Change Adaptation Chapter: Marshfield, Massachusetts, Joshua H. Chase, Jonathan G. Cooper, Rory Elizabeth Fitzgerald, Filipe Antunes Lima, Sally R. Miller, Toni Marie Pignatelli

Landscape Architecture & Regional Planning Studio and Student Research and Creative Activity

Climate change, understood as a statistically significant variation in the mean state of the climate or its variability, is the greatest environmental challenge of this generation (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2001). Marshfield is already being affected by changes in the climate that will have a profound effect on the town’s economy, public health, coastal resources, natural features, water systems, and public and private infrastructure. Adaptation strategies have been widely recognized as playing an important role in improving a community’s ability to respond to climate stressors by resisting damage and recovering quickly.

Based on review of climate projections ...


Urban Design Study & Proposal: Hayward City Center, Bradford J. Debranch Dec 2012

Urban Design Study & Proposal: Hayward City Center, Bradford J. Debranch

City and Regional Planning

No abstract provided.


Circulator Shuttle Implementation Plan For The City Of Pittsburg, California, Justin Shiu Dec 2012

Circulator Shuttle Implementation Plan For The City Of Pittsburg, California, Justin Shiu

Master's Theses and Project Reports

This study examines how a shuttle system can meet transportation needs in Pittsburg. A circulator shuttle connecting major commercial nodes, public facilities, and residential locations, can increase travel options and improve accessibility to key locations. A review of best practices and transit planning standards provides a means to determine the cost of a shuttle service. The base costs of service are then applied to three alternatives for different shuttle route alignments: 1) a north-south route along Railroad Avenue only, 2) a north-south route along Railroad Avenue and an east-west route to Century Plaza, and 3) a north-south route along Railroad ...


Joint Use Partnerships: Evaluating The Feasibility Of A Joint Use Partnerhsip Between The City Of San Luis Obispo And Cal Poly San Luis Obispo, Kathryn S. Mineo Dec 2012

Joint Use Partnerships: Evaluating The Feasibility Of A Joint Use Partnerhsip Between The City Of San Luis Obispo And Cal Poly San Luis Obispo, Kathryn S. Mineo

Master's Theses and Project Reports

As demand for additional athletic fields continues to increase, the City of San Luis Obispo is struggling to meet the recreation needs of the community. This project evaluated the feasibility of a joint use partnerships with Cal Poly San Luis Obispo for the shared use of the University’s underutilized Sports Complex, and made recommendations of strategies to address the City’s recreation needs. This project reviewed current and professional academic literature on successful approaches to joint use partnerships; conducted case study analyses on two Cal Poly facilities; and worked with City and University officials to examine the issues associated ...


The United Hayward Bicycle Proposal, Maurice Mcclure Dec 2012

The United Hayward Bicycle Proposal, Maurice Mcclure

City and Regional Planning

No abstract provided.


Watering The Seed: A Model For Change In Jinotepe, Nicaragua And Beyond, Andy Douglas Dec 2012

Watering The Seed: A Model For Change In Jinotepe, Nicaragua And Beyond, Andy Douglas

City and Regional Planning

No abstract provided.


From Carson Pirie Scott To City Target: A Case Study On The Adaptive Reuse Of Louis Sullivan’S Historic Sullivan Center, Lisa M. Switzer Dec 2012

From Carson Pirie Scott To City Target: A Case Study On The Adaptive Reuse Of Louis Sullivan’S Historic Sullivan Center, Lisa M. Switzer

Theses from the Architecture Program

This study provides an in-depth exploration of the adaptive reuse of one of Chicago’s most iconic structures over the course of a year from the Summer of 2011 to the Summer of 2012. The Sullivan Center was converted from a mid-scale retailer to City Target. Through extensive interviews with the Target development team, Chicago city officials, historians and Landmark Commission representatives this study documents the conversion and identifies the successes and opportunities of the project. The study follows the project from design development to completion, and provides insight on the local community perspective on the development.

Advisor: Mark Hinchman


Building Healthy Communities: Integrating Walkability Concepts Into Local Land Use Planning, Jenna Danelle Muhlbach Dec 2012

Building Healthy Communities: Integrating Walkability Concepts Into Local Land Use Planning, Jenna Danelle Muhlbach

Community and Regional Planning Program: Student Projects and Theses

In recent years, American communities have been diagnosed with several chronic health diseases such as diabetes, heart disease and obesity. Several researchers attribute sedentary lifestyles as one of the contributing factors to chronic diseases. The lack of physical exercise can be blamed by the auto-dependent suburbia lifestyle that many generations have become accustomed to. Poor land use developments have roads and freeways dominating the use of space, with the intent of having an automobile get from one place to another as efficiently as possible. This has allowed places to be much further apart therefore it has had a negative impact ...


An Update Of The 1984 Haymarket Redevelopment Plan: Lincoln, Nebraska, Stephanie Rouse Dec 2012

An Update Of The 1984 Haymarket Redevelopment Plan: Lincoln, Nebraska, Stephanie Rouse

Community and Regional Planning Program: Professional Projects

In 1984, Lincoln, Nebraska committed resources to renovating the Haymarket District to change it from a decayed manufacturing center into a viable business district. They successfully created a historic landmark district, commissioned a blight study and declared the area blighted, and then created a redevelopment plan. The 1984 Haymarket Redevelopment Plan examined the thencurrent district conditions and proposed future development that would support a thriving business district. Twenty-eight years later, that plan is being re-examined to determine what parts of the plan were realized, what the current district looks like, and how the current environment creates the need for an ...


The Unique And Combined Effects Of Homelessness And School Mobility On The Educational Outcomes Of Young Children, John W. Fantuzzo, Whitney A. Leboeuf, Chin-Chih Chen, Heather Rouse, Dennis P. Culhane Nov 2012

The Unique And Combined Effects Of Homelessness And School Mobility On The Educational Outcomes Of Young Children, John W. Fantuzzo, Whitney A. Leboeuf, Chin-Chih Chen, Heather Rouse, Dennis P. Culhane

Heather Rouse

This study examined the unique and combined associations of homelessness and school mobility with educational well-being indicators, as well as the mediating effect of absenteeism, for an entire cohort of third-grade students in Philadelphia. Using integrated archival administrative data from the public school district and the municipal Office of Supportive Housing, multilevel linear models were estimated to test these associations while adjusting for nesting of students within schools. Findings demonstrated that homelessness had a unique association with problems in classroom engagement, school mobility was uniquely related to both academic achievement and problems in classroom engagement, and experiencing both homelessness and ...


The Unique And Combined Effects Of Homelessness And School Mobility On The Educational Outcomes Of Young Children, John W. Fantuzzo, Whitney A. Leboeuf, Chin-Chih Chen, Heather Rouse, Dennis P. Culhane Nov 2012

The Unique And Combined Effects Of Homelessness And School Mobility On The Educational Outcomes Of Young Children, John W. Fantuzzo, Whitney A. Leboeuf, Chin-Chih Chen, Heather Rouse, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

This study examined the unique and combined associations of homelessness and school mobility with educational well-being indicators, as well as the mediating effect of absenteeism, for an entire cohort of third-grade students in Philadelphia. Using integrated archival administrative data from the public school district and the municipal Office of Supportive Housing, multilevel linear models were estimated to test these associations while adjusting for nesting of students within schools. Findings demonstrated that homelessness had a unique association with problems in classroom engagement, school mobility was uniquely related to both academic achievement and problems in classroom engagement, and experiencing both homelessness and ...


New Perspectives On Community-Level Determinants Of Homelessness, Thomas Byrne, Ellen Munley, Jamison D. Fargo, Anne Elizabeth Montgomery, Dennis P. Culhane Nov 2012

New Perspectives On Community-Level Determinants Of Homelessness, Thomas Byrne, Ellen Munley, Jamison D. Fargo, Anne Elizabeth Montgomery, Dennis P. Culhane

Dennis P. Culhane

Understanding the root causes of homelessness is important for developing effective solutions to the problem. This fact has not gone unnoticed by researchers, who have made numerous attempts to identify the underlying structural determinants of homelessness by modeling inter-community variation in the rate of homelessness as a function of community-level variables. Yet, prior studies in this area have a number of serious limitations, principally their reliance on methodologically flawed estimates of the size of the homeless population. The present study addresses this and other limitations by using newly available and more reliable estimates from the U.S. Department of Housing ...


Ciudades Malas, Ciudades Falsas, Ciudades Feas, Jaime F. Erazo Espinosa Arq. Nov 2012

Ciudades Malas, Ciudades Falsas, Ciudades Feas, Jaime F. Erazo Espinosa Arq.

Jaime Erazo

Afuera de este mundo, en otro mundo, donde el orden ideal es bondad, verdad y beldad, existen ciudades que son todas iguales: o tan reservadas que parecen arbitrarias o tan pensadas que aparecen “sin mezclas”. Adentro de este mundo, nuestro mundo, hay un orden conflictivo e infernal que, en nuestras ciudades, parece malo, aparece falso y preside lo feo. En las ciudades de afuera, sus habitantes, o son entendidos o simples pedantes. La gente de adentro es popular y sólo se afecta cuando le pasa, entre sus carencias, el mercado como una flecha, que vulgariza su voluntad. Aislando cada orden ...


Adaptive Reuse Potential: An Examination Of Differences Between Urban And Non-Urban Projects, Li-Yin Shen, Craig Langston Nov 2012

Adaptive Reuse Potential: An Examination Of Differences Between Urban And Non-Urban Projects, Li-Yin Shen, Craig Langston

Craig Langston

Purpose - Adaptive reuse of existing building stock that has reached the end of its useful life, but not its physical life, is an important ingredient in the necessary adaptation of the constructed environmentdue to the impact of climate change and the need to conserve valuable resources into the future. This paper aims to advance previous research that has developed a means to predict adaptive reuse potential (ARP).Design/methodology/approach - This study is conducted by comparing ARP (ARP) between urban and non-urban settings drawn from case studies in both Hong Kong and Australia. The resultsare also compared to a database ...


¿El “Lagartija” Es El Culpable?, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Nov 2012

¿El “Lagartija” Es El Culpable?, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

¿George Michael Murillo León, de 20 años, es una nueva víctima de la violencia del fútbol en el Ecuador? Murillo fue un hincha acérrimo del Barcelona de Guayaquil, tanto que era parte de la agrupación denominada “Sentimiento”, que tiene su base territorial en Durán. Ese día fatídico salió -como lo hacía en cada partido de su equipo- con destino al Estadio Monumental, para mirar el clásico local entre Barcelona y Emelec; desgraciadamente cuando se encontraban caminando por el “Puente de la Unidad Nacional” se produjo una balacera que terminó con su vida. Frente al hecho doloroso de este homicidio han ...


Mixed Method Collaboration In The Built Environment, Dermot Kehily Nov 2012

Mixed Method Collaboration In The Built Environment, Dermot Kehily

Conference papers

The built environment discipline or inter-discipline is a relatively new field in academic research. Its subject matter however is based on the traditional disciplines of the construction and property industries. Determining your ontological position and epistemological approach based on the researchparadigm of one of these fields’ may not provide an adequate solution to your research objectives.This paper outlines that framing your research within the broader confines of the built environment; drawing from related fields in an integrated manner may provide a more successful outcome.Arguments whether the built environment is an academic discipline or even the range of subjects ...


Towards Net-Zero Energy Communities: Evaluating Capacity Of Local Comprehensive Plans For Energy Efficiency In Oregon, Nan Zhao Nov 2012

Towards Net-Zero Energy Communities: Evaluating Capacity Of Local Comprehensive Plans For Energy Efficiency In Oregon, Nan Zhao

Community and Regional Planning Program: Student Projects and Theses

While energy-related issue is conventionally recognized as a large-scale issue to human and natural environment, few researches directly focus on local-level policies and strategies on energy efficiency. This thesis mainly aims to explain how to establish Net-Zero Energy Communities (NZECs) in the respective of local planning and policy. Based on the innovation adoption theory and key factors of NZECs, this study firstly establishes a practical protocol to assist local jurisdictions to develop high-quality local comprehensive plans (LCPs) to promote the development of NZECs. Then, through assessing the capacities of LCPs for local energy efficiency in Oregon, the strengths and weaknesses ...


¿La Violencia Se Toma El Fútbol?, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Nov 2012

¿La Violencia Se Toma El Fútbol?, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

Estamos viviendo un final del campeonato nacional de fútbol sumamente violento. Si hasta el año 2006 la violencia se limitaba a riñas relativamente controladas, desde este año hay una transformación: existe un promedio de un fallecido por año. Pero seis años después -esto es, en este 2012- se han producido hasta ahora dos fallecidos y el aparecimiento de inéditas formas de violencia. Uno de los asesinatos se produce en el “Puente de la Unidad Nacional” cuando un grupo de hinchas del Barcelona iba de Durán hacia el Monumental. Esto es nuevo: el Barcelona es un equipo que no representa solo ...


Lo Político De Las Políticas De Seguridad, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Nov 2012

Lo Político De Las Políticas De Seguridad, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

Es importante debatir un tema crucial en la hora actual: las relaciones entre violencia y política y viceversa, porque hoy la violencia asume formas políticas en tanto es organizada y es más poderosa económicamente; así como se infiltra en el Estado mediante el llamado plomo (intimidación) y plata (corrupción) lo hace con el mercado a través del lavado de recursos económicos. En otras palabras, asalta la economía y penetra la política utilizando variados mecanismos.

La violencia tiene una carga política debido a que el crimen actual es fundamentalmente organizado y, en algunos casos, constituido mediante redes mundiales que se articulan ...