Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Engineering Science and Materials Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3,033 Full-Text Articles 4,391 Authors 952,013 Downloads 101 Institutions

All Articles in Engineering Science and Materials

Faceted Search

3,033 full-text articles. Page 4 of 95.

Principal Component Neural Networks For Modeling, Prediction, And Optimization Of Hot Mix Asphalt Dynamics Modulus, Parnian Ghasemi, Mohamad Aslani, Derrick K. Rollins, R. Christopher Williams 2019 Iowa State University

Principal Component Neural Networks For Modeling, Prediction, And Optimization Of Hot Mix Asphalt Dynamics Modulus, Parnian Ghasemi, Mohamad Aslani, Derrick K. Rollins, R. Christopher Williams

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

The dynamic modulus of hot mix asphalt (HMA) is a fundamental material property that defines the stress-strain relationship based on viscoelastic principles and is a function of HMA properties, loading rate, and temperature. Because of the large number of efficacious predictors (factors) and their nonlinear interrelationships, developing predictive models for dynamic modulus can be a challenging task. In this research, results obtained from a series of laboratory tests including mixture dynamic modulus, aggregate gradation, dynamic shear rheometer (on asphalt binder), and mixture volumetric are used to create a database. The created database is used to develop a model for estimating ...


On The Construction Of Canonical Systems Of Equations For Cylindrical And Spherical Shell Structures, A. Abdusattarov, F.E. Abduqodirov 2019 Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers, Tashkent, 100167, Uzbekistan

On The Construction Of Canonical Systems Of Equations For Cylindrical And Spherical Shell Structures, A. Abdusattarov, F.E. Abduqodirov

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

In this article is given the construction of canonical systems, the equation of motion for axisymmetric shell structures, as well as for cylindrical and spherical shells


Features Of Thermal Processing Of Instrumental Alloyed Steels, F.R. Norkhudjayev, A.A. Mukhamedov, D.M. Ergashev 2019 Tashkent State Technical University named after Islam Karimov, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Features Of Thermal Processing Of Instrumental Alloyed Steels, F.R. Norkhudjayev, A.A. Mukhamedov, D.M. Ergashev

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

In work, the most preferred heat treatment scheme has been determined on the basis of the analysis of various heat treatment schemes for alloyed tool steels, which the excludes the possibility of restoring the original grain structure and retains the possibility of studying the increased material defectiveness acquired during primary hardening.


On The Formation Of The Variational Equation Of Motion And Boundary Value Problems Of Thin-Walled Axisymmetric Shell Structures, A. Abdusattarov, F.E. Abduqodirov, N.H. Sabirov 2019 Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers, Tashkent, 100167, Uzbekistan

On The Formation Of The Variational Equation Of Motion And Boundary Value Problems Of Thin-Walled Axisymmetric Shell Structures, A. Abdusattarov, F.E. Abduqodirov, N.H. Sabirov

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

The article deals, on the basis of the Hamilton-Ostrogradsky variational principle, a system of differential equations of motion of axisymmetric shell structures with the corresponding boundary and initial conditions is derived. The boundary problem for cylindrical and spherical shell structures is formulated


About Movements Of The Carriage On The Profile Hump In A Gravity Yard, Sh.B. Djabbarov 2019 Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers, Tashkent, 100167, Uzbekistan

About Movements Of The Carriage On The Profile Hump In A Gravity Yard, Sh.B. Djabbarov

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

The article noted that in the existing methods of calculation of hump in a gravity yards the speed of the car at the braking position is determined by the formula speed of free fall of bodies given the inertia in the rotating parts of the car. Thus assume that in areas of deceleration occur rotation of the wheels of the car, that is incorrect. In it mathematical expressions and examples of calculations proved that the high-speed sections slides occur the rolling of the wheels of wheel pairs without slipping.


Calculation Of The Wagon Motion Velocation On The Whole Protection Of The Profile Of The Way With Different Clothes Of The Sorting Hill, Kh.Kh. Djalilov 2019 Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers, Tashkent, 100167, Uzbekistan

Calculation Of The Wagon Motion Velocation On The Whole Protection Of The Profile Of The Way With Different Clothes Of The Sorting Hill, Kh.Kh. Djalilov

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

In this article has been calculated the velocity of the wagon’s movement in various sites of a hump yard, based on the formula led on the basis of the theorem of changing of kinetic energy for not free material point in a final form. Results of the calculations are noticed that on the intermediate site of a hump yard to a dividing arrow the relative error of calculation is equal to 10.3%, on the site of an arrow zone of a hump yard of the second dividing arrow - δv6с2 ≈ 9.0%, on the site of the first sorting ...


To The Movement Of The Car On The Site Of The First Brake Hump Yard Of Positions, Sh.U. Saidivaliyev 2019 Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers, Tashkent, 100167, Uzbekistan

To The Movement Of The Car On The Site Of The First Brake Hump Yard Of Positions, Sh.U. Saidivaliyev

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

In the article using the analytical formulas derived from the application of the basic law of dynamics for non-ideal connections (Dalembert principle), the kinematic parameters of the car’s motion (acceleration, time, braking path) were calculated in the deceleration zone at the site of the first brake position of the hump yard


On The Application Of Information Technology For The Development Of Software For Automation The Modeling Process Of Wagons At Wagon Enterprises Jsc "O'Zbekiston Temir Yo'llari", V.P. Bubnov, Sh. Kh. Sultonov 2019 Emperor Alexander I St. Petersburg State Transport University, Saint Petersburg, Russia

On The Application Of Information Technology For The Development Of Software For Automation The Modeling Process Of Wagons At Wagon Enterprises Jsc "O'Zbekiston Temir Yo'llari", V.P. Bubnov, Sh. Kh. Sultonov

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

The report presents a functional diagram of the developed software for calculating the values of loads acting on the wagon body. The stages of development and the main modules of a software product that implements mathematical calculations are defined. The issues of the software implementation of the presented algorithms using the object-oriented programming language C # are discussed. The performed engineering analysis using the values of loads obtained using the developed software is given. The developed program in C # language with the use of the integrated Visual Studio environment allows to increase the accuracy and reduce the time for calculating the ...


Modeling Of Theflow Regimes Of Water-Coal Fuel Slurries With Complex Reology In Cylindrical Pipes, Ja.D. Hodzhaev, Sh.A. Kasymov 2019 Physical-technical institute NGO "Physics-sun", ASUz, Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Modeling Of Theflow Regimes Of Water-Coal Fuel Slurries With Complex Reology In Cylindrical Pipes, Ja.D. Hodzhaev, Sh.A. Kasymov

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

The article deals the flow regimes with regard to the complex flow rheology of highly concentrated water-coal fuel slurries (WCS). It has been established that during the WCS flow through cylindrical pipes the flow mode is disturbed, which is due to the mutual influence of the geometric dimensions and flow parameters of the suspension when it is burned in the combustion chambers of power plants


Research Of Surface Condition Of The Rails Rolling On Sections Of High-Speed And High-Speed Train Traffic, E.B. Abdualiyev 2019 Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers, Tashkent, 100167, Uzbekistan

Research Of Surface Condition Of The Rails Rolling On Sections Of High-Speed And High-Speed Train Traffic, E.B. Abdualiyev

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

In this article, the analysis of intensity of the pulse roughness’s arising on a surface of rolling of heads of rails on a site of high-speed movement of trains is carried out.


The Movement Of Trains As A Source Of Seismic Waves Impact On The Upper Structure Of The Track And The Roadbed Of Railways, A.H. Abdujabarov, P. A. Begmatov, M. Mehmonov 2019 Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers, Tashkent, 100167, Uzbekistan

The Movement Of Trains As A Source Of Seismic Waves Impact On The Upper Structure Of The Track And The Roadbed Of Railways, A.H. Abdujabarov, P. A. Begmatov, M. Mehmonov

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

On the basis of theoretical and experimental scientific research, the substantiation of the similarity of the impact of seismic forces and the movement of rolling stock on the engineering structures of Railways is obtained.


Boolean Complement Method For Combinational Circuits Testing Using Binary Separable Codes, A.H. Efanov 2019 Russian University of Transport, Moscow, Russia

Boolean Complement Method For Combinational Circuits Testing Using Binary Separable Codes, A.H. Efanov

Journal of Tashkent Institute of Railway Engineers

The concurrent error-detection systems basic structural diagrams based on the check bits calculation and on the logical addition basis are described. A hybrid block diagram is presented in which the part of the diagnostics object outputs is transformed. The conditions for the use of binary separable codes for their use in the concurrent error-detection systems organization according to the method of logical addition are established.


The Linc Complex, Mechanotransduction, And Mesenchymal Stem Cell Function And Fate, Tasneem Bouzid, Eunju Kim, Brandon D. Riehl, Amir Monemian Esfahani, Jordan Rosebohm, Ruiguo Yang, Bin Duan, Jung Yul Lim 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Linc Complex, Mechanotransduction, And Mesenchymal Stem Cell Function And Fate, Tasneem Bouzid, Eunju Kim, Brandon D. Riehl, Amir Monemian Esfahani, Jordan Rosebohm, Ruiguo Yang, Bin Duan, Jung Yul Lim

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) show tremendous promise as a cell source for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, and are understood to be mechanosensitive to external mechanical environments. In recent years, increasing evidence points to nuclear envelope proteins as a key player in sensing and relaying mechanical signals in MSCs to modulate cellular form, function, and differentiation. Of particular interest is the Linker of Nucleoskeleton and Cytoskeleton (LINC) complex that includes nesprin and SUN. In this review, the way in which cells can sense external mechanical environments through an intact nuclear envelope and LINC complex proteins will be briefly described. Then ...


Cellulose Nanofibrils (Cnf) For Textile Applications: Production Of Neat Cnf Filaments And Reinforcement Of Natural Fiber Yarns, Shokoofeh Ghasemi 2019 University of Maine

Cellulose Nanofibrils (Cnf) For Textile Applications: Production Of Neat Cnf Filaments And Reinforcement Of Natural Fiber Yarns, Shokoofeh Ghasemi

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Being the most abundant natural polymer on earth, cellulose materials have been used in many different applications. Cellulose nanofibrils (CNF) are a relatively new group of lignocellulose resource-based nanomaterials and have been the topic of many research efforts in wood products and material science field over the recent years. Using CNF in textile applications is one way to diversify product portfolio of these materials as they contain nanoscale fibrils with high mechanical properties which can fulfil textile industry’s demand for strong natural fibers. Considering that CNF is a wood-based cellulosic material in the form of water suspension, in order ...


General Nonlinear-Material Elasticity In Classical One-Dimensional Solid Mechanics, Ronald Joseph Giardina Jr 2019 University of New Orleans

General Nonlinear-Material Elasticity In Classical One-Dimensional Solid Mechanics, Ronald Joseph Giardina Jr

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

We will create a class of generalized ellipses and explore their ability to define a distance on a space and generate continuous, periodic functions. Connections between these continuous, periodic functions and the generalizations of trigonometric functions known in the literature shall be established along with connections between these generalized ellipses and some spectrahedral projections onto the plane, more specifically the well-known multifocal ellipses. The superellipse, or Lam\'{e} curve, will be a special case of the generalized ellipse. Applications of these generalized ellipses shall be explored with regards to some one-dimensional systems of classical mechanics. We will adopt the Ramberg-Osgood ...


On The Measurement Of Energy Dissipation Of Adhered Cells With The Quartz Microbalance With Dissipation Monitoring, Amir Monemian Esfahani, Weiwei Zhao, Jennifer Y. Chen, Changjin Huang, Ning Xi, Jun Xi, Ruiguo Yang 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

On The Measurement Of Energy Dissipation Of Adhered Cells With The Quartz Microbalance With Dissipation Monitoring, Amir Monemian Esfahani, Weiwei Zhao, Jennifer Y. Chen, Changjin Huang, Ning Xi, Jun Xi, Ruiguo Yang

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

We previously reported the finding of a linear correlation between the change of energy dissipation (ΔD) of adhered cells measured with the quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D) and the level of focal adhesions of the cells. To account for this correlation, we have developed a theoretical framework for assessing the ΔD-response of adhered cells. We rationalized that the mechanical energy of an oscillating QCM-D sensor coupled with a cell monolayer is dissipated through three main processes: the interfacial friction through the dynamic restructuring (formation and rupture) of cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) bonds, the interfacial viscous damping by the liquid ...


Optical Direct Detection Of Thermal Vibrations Of Ultralow Stiffness Micro-Nano Structures., Sri Sukanta Chowdhury 2019 University of Louisville

Optical Direct Detection Of Thermal Vibrations Of Ultralow Stiffness Micro-Nano Structures., Sri Sukanta Chowdhury

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

A direct detection optical vibrometer is constructed around an 850 nm laser and a quadrant photodetector (QPD). The limit of detection is 0.2 fW which corresponds to a minimum amplitude of 0.1 Å. The vibrometer is used to measure the thermal vibration spectra of low stiffness micromechanical structures have nanometer features. One structure measured is a cantilevered 30 μm diameter glass fiber. Vibration amplitudes as low as 1.1 Å are measured. The thermal vibration spectra show fundamental resonances at 80-250 Hz and a signal to noise ratio (SNR) of 23-55 dB. Young’s modulus of glass in ...


Observations Of Shear Stress Effects On Staphylococcus Aureus Biofilm Formation, Erica Sherman, Kenneth W. Bayles, Derek Moormeir, Jennifer Endres, Timothy Wei 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Observations Of Shear Stress Effects On Staphylococcus Aureus Biofilm Formation, Erica Sherman, Kenneth W. Bayles, Derek Moormeir, Jennifer Endres, Timothy Wei

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Staphylococcus aureus bacteria form biofilms and distinctive microcolony or “tower” structures that facilitate their ability to tolerate antibiotic treatment and to spread within the human body. The formation of microcolonies, which break off, get carried downstream, and serve to initiate biofilms in other parts of the body, is of particular interest here. It is known that flow conditions play a role in the development, dispersion, and propagation of biofilms in general. The influence of flow on microcolony formation and, ultimately, what factors lead to microcolony development are, however, not well understood. The hypothesis being examined is that microcolony structures form ...


Modeling Thermal And Mechanical Cancellation Of Residual Stress From Hybrid Additive Manufacturing By Laser Peening, Guru Madireddy, Chao Li, Jingfu Liu, Michael P. Sealy 2019 University of Nebraska- Lincoln

Modeling Thermal And Mechanical Cancellation Of Residual Stress From Hybrid Additive Manufacturing By Laser Peening, Guru Madireddy, Chao Li, Jingfu Liu, Michael P. Sealy

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Additive manufacturing (AM) of metals often results in parts with unfavorable mechanical properties. Laser peening (LP) is a high strain rate mechanical surface treatment that hammers a workpiece and induces favorable mechanical properties. Peening strain hardens a surface and imparts compressive residual stresses improving the mechanical properties of a material. This work investigates the role of LP on layer-by-layer processing of 3D printed metals using finite element analysis. The objective is to understand temporal and spatial residual stress development after thermal and mechanical cancellation caused by cyclically coupling printing and peening. Results indicate layer peening frequency is a critical process ...


Method For Fabrication Of A Soft-Matter Printed Circuit Board, Carmel Majidi, Tong Lu, Eric J. Markvicka 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Method For Fabrication Of A Soft-Matter Printed Circuit Board, Carmel Majidi, Tong Lu, Eric J. Markvicka

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

A fabrication process for soft - matter printed circuit boards is disclosed in which traces of liquid - phase Ga - In eutectic ( eGaIn ) are patterned with UV laser micromachining ( UVLM ) . The terminals of the elastomer - sealed LM circuit connect to the surface mounted chips through vertically aligned columns of eGaIn - coated ferromagnetic micro spheres that are embedded within an interfacial elastomer layer .


Digital Commons powered by bepress