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Development Of A Wireless Telemetry Load And Displacement Sensor For Orthopaedic Applications, William Anderson 2021 The University of Western Ontario

Development Of A Wireless Telemetry Load And Displacement Sensor For Orthopaedic Applications, William Anderson

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Due to sensor size and supporting circuitry, in vivo load and deformation measurements are currently restricted to applications within larger orthopaedic implants. The objective of this thesis is to repurpose a commercially available low-power, miniature, wireless, telemetric, tire-pressure sensor (FXTH87) to measure load and deformation for future use in biomechanical applications. The capacitive transducer membrane of the FXTH87 was modified, and a relationship was reported between applied compressive deformation and sensor signal value. The sensor package was embedded within a deformable enclosure to illustrate potential applications of the sensor for monitoring load. Finite element analysis was an effective tool to ...


Investigation And Statistical Modeling Of The Mechanical Properties Of Additively Manufactured Lattices, Derek G. Spear, Anthony N. Palazotto 2021 Air Force Institute of Technology

Investigation And Statistical Modeling Of The Mechanical Properties Of Additively Manufactured Lattices, Derek G. Spear, Anthony N. Palazotto

Faculty Publications

This paper describes the background, test methodology, and experimental results associated with the testing and analysis of quasi-static compression testing of additively manufactured open-cell lattice structures. The study aims to examine the effect of lattice topology, cell size, cell density, and surface thickness on the mechanical properties of lattice structures. Three lattice designs were chosen, the Diamond, I-WP, and Primitive Triply Periodic Minimal Surfaces (TPMSs). Uniaxial compression tests were conducted for every combination of the three lattice designs, three cell sizes, three cell densities, and three surface thicknesses. In order to perform an efficient experiment and gain the most information ...


Material Property Heterogeneity In Dimensional Lumber And Its Relationship To Mass Timber Performance, Fiona O'Donnell 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Material Property Heterogeneity In Dimensional Lumber And Its Relationship To Mass Timber Performance, Fiona O'Donnell

Doctoral Dissertations

According to the Environmental Protection Agency, buildings account for 38% of the United States' carbon dioxide emissions, providing architects and structural engineers a unique opportunity to mitigate a significant factor driving climate change by implementing innovative and sustainable technology in infrastructure design. Wood and mass timber products are becoming an increasingly popular alternative building material due to their economic and environmental benefits. The natural growth of wood leads to highly heterogeneous material properties. Defects such as checks, knots, and localized slope of grain contribute to some of this variation; however, wood properties vary significantly even in clear wood. Using mass ...


The Effects Of The Transient And Performance Loss Rates On Pv Output Performance, CHIBUISI CHINASAOKWU OKORIEIMOH, Brian Norton, Michael Conlon 2021 Technological University Dublin

The Effects Of The Transient And Performance Loss Rates On Pv Output Performance, Chibuisi Chinasaokwu Okorieimoh, Brian Norton, Michael Conlon

Conference papers

Solar photovoltaic (PV) panels experience long-term performance degradation as compared to their initial performance, resulting in lower like-per-like efficiencies and performance ratios. Manufacturers of solar photovoltaic modules normally guarantee a lifespan of more than 20 years. To meet such commitments, it is important to monitor and mitigate PV module degradation during this period, as well as beyond, to recognize maintenance and repair needs. Solar PV modules degrade over time, becoming less effective, less reliable, and eventually unusable. The effects of transient and performance loss rates on the output performance of polycrystalline silicon (p-Si) solar PV modules are the focus of ...


Maize Tassel Detection From Uav Imagery Using Deep Learning, Aziza Alzadjali, Mohammed H. Alali, Arun Narenthiran Weeranampalayam Sivakumar, Jitender S. Deogun, Stephen Scott, James C. Schnable, Yeyin Shi 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Maize Tassel Detection From Uav Imagery Using Deep Learning, Aziza Alzadjali, Mohammed H. Alali, Arun Narenthiran Weeranampalayam Sivakumar, Jitender S. Deogun, Stephen Scott, James C. Schnable, Yeyin Shi

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

The timing of flowering plays a critical role in determining the productivity of agricultural crops. If the crops flower too early, the crop would mature before the end of the growing season, losing the opportunity to capture and use large amounts of light energy. If the crops flower too late, the crop may be killed by the change of seasons before it is ready to harvest. Maize flowering is one of the most important periods where even small amounts of stress can significantly alter yield. In this work, we developed and compared two methods for automatic tassel detection based on ...


Uavs For Vegetation Monitoring: Overview And Recent Scientific Contributions, Ana I. de Castro, Yeyin Shi, Joe Mari Maja, Jose M. Pena 2021 National Agricultural and Food Research and Technology Institute-INIA

Uavs For Vegetation Monitoring: Overview And Recent Scientific Contributions, Ana I. De Castro, Yeyin Shi, Joe Mari Maja, Jose M. Pena

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

This paper reviewed a set of twenty-one original and innovative papers included in a special issue on UAVs for vegetation monitoring, which proposed new methods and techniques applied to diverse agricultural and forestry scenarios. Three general categories were considered: (1) sensors and vegetation indices used, (2) technological goals pursued, and (3) agroforestry applications. Some investigations focused on issues related to UAV flight operations, spatial resolution requirements, and computation and data analytics, while others studied the ability of UAVs for characterizing relevant vegetation features (mainly canopy cover and crop height) or for detecting different plant/crop stressors, such as nutrient content ...


On The Comparison Of Flow Physics Between Minimal And Extended Flow Units In Turbulent Channels, Ethan A. Davis, Siamak Mirfendereski, Jae Sung Park 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

On The Comparison Of Flow Physics Between Minimal And Extended Flow Units In Turbulent Channels, Ethan A. Davis, Siamak Mirfendereski, Jae Sung Park

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Direct numerical simulations were performed to study the effects of the domain size of a minimal flow unit (MFU) and its inherent periodic boundary conditions on flow physics of a turbulent channel flow in a range of 200 ≤ Reτ ≤ 1000. This was accomplished by comparing turbulent statistics with those computed in sub-domains (SD) of extended domain simulations. The dimensions of the MFU and SD were matched, and SD dynamics were set to minimize artificial periodicities. Streamwise and spanwise dimensions of healthy MFUs were found to increase linearly with Reynolds number. It was also found that both MFU and SD ...


Characterization Of Landslide Processes From Radar Remote Sensing And Hydromechanical Modeling, Yuankun Xu 2021 Southern Methodist University

Characterization Of Landslide Processes From Radar Remote Sensing And Hydromechanical Modeling, Yuankun Xu

Earth Sciences Theses and Dissertations

Landsides are a natural geomorphic process yet a dangerous hazard which annually causes thousands of casualties and billions of property loss in a global scale. Understanding landslide motion kinematics from early initiation to final deposition is critical for monitoring, assessing, and forecasting landslide movement in order to mitigate their hazards. Landslides occur under diverse environmental settings and appear in variable types; however, all types of landslides can be mechanically attributed to shearing failure at the basal surface due to stress regime shift contributed by internal and/or external forcing. Typical internal factors include soil/rock weathering, whereas typical external triggering ...


Effect Of Developer Temperature On Photoresist Contrast In Grayscale Lithography, Dale Farnan, George Patrick Watson 2021 Singh Center for Nanotechnology

Effect Of Developer Temperature On Photoresist Contrast In Grayscale Lithography, Dale Farnan, George Patrick Watson

Protocols and Reports

SPR 220-3 photoresist was spin-coated onto a silicon wafer, exposed using a Heidelberg DWL66+ laserwriter at different laser powers, and developed at different temperatures. The effect of developer temperature on photoresist contrast was examined. Results show that increasing developer temperature decreased photoresist contrast and increased required dose.


Transient Electronics As Sustainable Systems: From Fundamentals To Applications, Reihaneh Jamshidi, Mehrnoosh Taghavimehr, Yuanfen Chen, Nicole Hashemi, Reza Montazami 2021 University of Hartford

Transient Electronics As Sustainable Systems: From Fundamentals To Applications, Reihaneh Jamshidi, Mehrnoosh Taghavimehr, Yuanfen Chen, Nicole Hashemi, Reza Montazami

Mechanical Engineering Publications

The unique attribute of transient technology is that it promotes the potential for the design and implementation of sustainable systems through their capability to fully or partially disintegrate after a predefined period of stable operation. Transient electronics have a wide range of potential applications as biomedical implants, environmental sensors, and hardware‐secured devices. Controlled disintegration of such systems without the need for harsh solvents is a step toward realizing green and sustainable electronics. In this short review, recent progress in the development of transient electronics is studied. First, an overview of the transient materials, both the substrate and electronic component ...


Evaluation Of Mechanical Degradation And Change In Geotechnical Shear Resistance Parameters Of Coarse Aggregates Under Traffic Loading, Kanika H. Lamba, Jeramy C. Ashlock, Bora Cetin, Franciszek Hasiuk 2021 Iowa State University

Evaluation Of Mechanical Degradation And Change In Geotechnical Shear Resistance Parameters Of Coarse Aggregates Under Traffic Loading, Kanika H. Lamba, Jeramy C. Ashlock, Bora Cetin, Franciszek Hasiuk

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

Granular-surfaced roads comprise 73% of Iowa’s county road network. The surfaces of these gravel roads undergo mechanical and chemical deterioration over time due to extreme weather conditions and traffic loads. The goal of the present study is to improve our understanding of the mechanical deterioration that affects the performance of different geological types of coarse aggregates used in granular roads and shoulders. Samples of coarse aggregates were collected from four different quarries in Iowa. Laboratory gyratory compaction tests (GCT) were performed on specimens of the quarry samples to simulate their degradation under traffic loading conditions over time. From the ...


Predicting Soil Temperature And Moisture Beneath Granular-Surfaced Roadways Using Regional Weather Data Network, Derya Genc, Jeramy C. Ashlock, Bora Cetin, Kristen Cetin, Robert Horton 2021 Iowa State University

Predicting Soil Temperature And Moisture Beneath Granular-Surfaced Roadways Using Regional Weather Data Network, Derya Genc, Jeramy C. Ashlock, Bora Cetin, Kristen Cetin, Robert Horton

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

The performance of granular-surfaced roadways is greatly affected by annual freeze-thaw cycles, which can cause severe structural damage to the road surface. The collection of in situ subgrade soil temperature and moisture data as well as local weather data is very important to improve our ability to understand and predict subgrade behavior during freeze-thaw cycles. In this study, the use of data from a weather station installed adjacent to a granular road test section is compared to data interpolated from the two nearest weather stations of a statewide network, to compare their performance as inputs for freeze-thaw simulations using the ...


Evaluation Of Optimized Compaction Energy For Coarse Aggregates By Gyratory Compactor, Sajjad Satvati, Bora Cetin, Jeramy C. Ashlock 2021 Iowa State University

Evaluation Of Optimized Compaction Energy For Coarse Aggregates By Gyratory Compactor, Sajjad Satvati, Bora Cetin, Jeramy C. Ashlock

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

Aggregate durability is crucially important for performance of granular roadways. Therefore, proper laboratory durability evaluations of aggregates that will be used during construction and maintenance of granular roadways are very critical. Los-Angeles (LA) abrasion and Micro-Deval tests were two conventional methods that are used for laboratory during tests. However, it is very well known that these tests are not adequate to simulate the durability of aggregates under vehicle and compactor loads. The current study proposes to use the gyratory compaction method to evaluate the durability of aggregate materials. During gyratory tests, gradations, shear resistances, void ratios, and maximum dry unit ...


Process-Structure-Property Relationships In 3d-Printed Epoxy Composites Produced Via Material Extrusion Additive Manufacturing, Nadim S. Hmeidat 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Process-Structure-Property Relationships In 3d-Printed Epoxy Composites Produced Via Material Extrusion Additive Manufacturing, Nadim S. Hmeidat

Doctoral Dissertations

Extrusion-based additive manufacturing (AM) technologies, such as direct ink writing (DIW), offer unique opportunities to create composite materials and novel multi-material architectures that are not feasible using other AM technologies. DIW is a novel 3D-printing approach in which viscoelastic inks, with favorable rheological properties, are extruded through fine nozzles and patterned in a filament form at room temperature.

Recent developments in DIW of polymer composites have led to expanding the range of materials used for printing, as well as introducing novel deposition strategies to control filler orientation and create improved functional/structural composite materials. Despite these substantial advancements, the successful ...


Special Issue “Cfd Modeling Of Complex Chemical Processes: Multiscale And Multiphysics Challenges”, Li Xi, De-Wei Yin, Jae Sung Park 2021 McMaster University

Special Issue “Cfd Modeling Of Complex Chemical Processes: Multiscale And Multiphysics Challenges”, Li Xi, De-Wei Yin, Jae Sung Park

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Improving Accuracy Of Unmanned Aerial System Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing For Use In Energy Balance Models In Agriculture Applications, Mitchell S. Maguire, C.M.U. Neale, Wayne E. Woldt 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Improving Accuracy Of Unmanned Aerial System Thermal Infrared Remote Sensing For Use In Energy Balance Models In Agriculture Applications, Mitchell S. Maguire, C.M.U. Neale, Wayne E. Woldt

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Unmanned aerial system (UAS) remote sensing has rapidly expanded in recent years, leading to the development of several multispectral and thermal infrared sensors suitable for UAS integration. Remotely sensed thermal infrared imagery has been used to detect crop water stress and manage irrigation by leveraging the increased thermal signatures of water stressed plants. Thermal infrared cameras suitable for UAS remote sensing are often uncooled microbolometers. This type of thermal camera is subject to inaccuracies not typically present in cooled thermal cameras. In addition, atmospheric interference also may present inaccuracies in measuring surface temperature. In this study, a UAS with integrated ...


Durability Of Concrete Using Foundry Waste Sand, Meshari Alrajab 2021 Morehead State University

Durability Of Concrete Using Foundry Waste Sand, Meshari Alrajab

Morehead State Theses and Dissertations

A thesis presented to the faculty of the College of Business and Technology Morehead State University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree Master of Science by Meshari Alrajab on April 20, 2021.


Quantifying Surface Morphology Of Manufactured Activated Carbon And The Waste Coffee Grounds Using The Getis-Ord-Gi* Statistic And Ripley’S K Function, Sanghoon Lee, Sukjoon Na, Olivia G. Rogers, Sungmin Youn 2021 Marshall University

Quantifying Surface Morphology Of Manufactured Activated Carbon And The Waste Coffee Grounds Using The Getis-Ord-Gi* Statistic And Ripley’S K Function, Sanghoon Lee, Sukjoon Na, Olivia G. Rogers, Sungmin Youn

All Engineering Faculty Research

Activated carbon can be manufactured from waste coffee grounds via physical and/or chemical activation processes. However, challenges remain to quantify the differences in surface morphology between manufactured activated carbon granules and the waste coffee grounds. This paper presents a novel quantitative method to determine the quality of the physical and chemical activation processes performed in the presence of intensity inhomogeneity and identify surface characteristics of manufactured activated carbon granules and the waste coffee grounds. The spatial density was calculated by the Getis-Ord-Gi* statistic in scanning electron microscopy images. The spatial characteristics were determined by analyzing Ripley’s K function ...


Anisotropic Scaffolds For Peripheral Nerve And Spinal Cord Regeneration, Wen Xue, Wen Shi, Yunfan Kong, Mitchell Kuss, Bin Duan 2021 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Anisotropic Scaffolds For Peripheral Nerve And Spinal Cord Regeneration, Wen Xue, Wen Shi, Yunfan Kong, Mitchell Kuss, Bin Duan

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

The treatment of long-gap (>10 mm) peripheral nerve injury (PNI) and spinal cord injury (SCI) remains a continuous challenge due to limited native tissue regeneration capabilities. The current clinical strategy of using autografts for PNI suffers from a source shortage, while the pharmacological treatment for SCI presents dissatisfactory results. Tissue engineering, as an alternative, is a promising approach for regenerating peripheral nerves and spinal cords. Through providing a beneficial environment, a scaffold is the primary element in tissue engineering. In particular, scaffolds with anisotropic structures resembling the native extracellular matrix (ECM) can effectively guide neural outgrowth and reconnection. In this ...


Modulation Of Mechanical Stress Mitigates Anti-Dsg3 Antibody-Induced Dissociation Of Cell–Cell Adhesion, Xiaowei Jin, Jordan Rosenbohm, Eunju Kim, Amir Monemian Esfahani, Kristina Seiffert-Sinha, James K. Wahl III, Jung Yul Lim, Animesh A. Sinha, Ruiguo Yang 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Modulation Of Mechanical Stress Mitigates Anti-Dsg3 Antibody-Induced Dissociation Of Cell–Cell Adhesion, Xiaowei Jin, Jordan Rosenbohm, Eunju Kim, Amir Monemian Esfahani, Kristina Seiffert-Sinha, James K. Wahl Iii, Jung Yul Lim, Animesh A. Sinha, Ruiguo Yang

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

It is becoming increasingly clear that mechanical stress in adhesive junctions plays a significant role in dictating the fate of cell–cell attachment under physiological conditions. Targeted disruption of cell–cell junctions leads to multiple pathological conditions, among them the life-threatening autoimmune blistering disease pemphigus vulgaris (PV). The dissociation of cell–cell junctions by autoantibodies is the hallmark of PV, however, the detailed mechanisms that result in tissue destruction remain unclear. Thus far, research and therapy in PV have focused primarily on immune mechanisms upstream of autoantibody binding, while the biophysical aspects of the cell– cell dissociation process leading to ...


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