Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Mechanics of Materials Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

793 Full-Text Articles 1071 Authors 152515 Downloads 38 Institutions

All Articles in Mechanics of Materials

Faceted Search

793 full-text articles. Page 1 of 15.

Bioink Properties Before, During And After 3d Bioprinting, Katja Hölzl, Shengmao Lin, Liesbeth Tytgat, Sandra Van Vlierberghe, Linxia Gu, Aleksandr Ovsianikov 2016 Technical University Vienna, Austria

Bioink Properties Before, During And After 3d Bioprinting, Katja Hölzl, Shengmao Lin, Liesbeth Tytgat, Sandra Van Vlierberghe, Linxia Gu, Aleksandr Ovsianikov

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Bioprinting is a process based on additive manufacturing from materials containing living cells. These materials, often referred to as bioink, are based on cytocompatible hydrogel precursor formulations, which gel in a manner compatible with different bioprinting approaches. The bioink properties before, during and after gelation are essential for its printability, comprising such features as achievable structural resolution, shape fidelity and cell survival. However, it is the final properties of the matured bioprinted tissue construct that are crucial for the end application. During tissue formation these properties are influenced by the amount of cells present in the construct, their proliferation, migration ...


Rapid Grain Boundary Mobility At Ambient Temperatures, Jarrod M. Lund, R Adam Bilodeau, Rebecca K. Kramer 2016 Brigham Young University

Rapid Grain Boundary Mobility At Ambient Temperatures, Jarrod M. Lund, R Adam Bilodeau, Rebecca K. Kramer

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Understanding and measuring the influence of grain boundaries (planar defects in the crystalline structure of materials) and their motion has become a dominant aspect in materials research, with applications in additive manufacturing, fatigue prevention, and material modeling. However, modeling grain boundaries and grain boundary mobility (GBM) is difficult due to the high temperatures or external stresses, imaging solutions compatible with the material system, and long time-scales required to create measurable experimental results. In this paper, we introduce a novel material system that allows for easy and fast visualization of GBM. A drop of liquid metal eutectic gallium indium (eGaIn) placed ...


Characterization Of Suspension Polymerized Polyacrylamide And Poly(Sodium Acrylate-Acrylamide) Copolymer And Their Size Influence On The Properties Of Concrete, Cole R. Davis, Kendra A. Erk, Stacey L. Kelly 2016 Purdue University

Characterization Of Suspension Polymerized Polyacrylamide And Poly(Sodium Acrylate-Acrylamide) Copolymer And Their Size Influence On The Properties Of Concrete, Cole R. Davis, Kendra A. Erk, Stacey L. Kelly

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Shrinkage leading to cracking and mechanical instability is a major problem for concrete due to the loss of water during the curing process. However, through the addition of Superabsorbent Polymer (SAP) hydrogels, shrinkage can be prevented, increasing the strength of concrete. Characterization of suspension polymerized polyacrylamide (PAM) poly(sodium acrylate-polyacrylamide) (PANa-PAM) copolymer microsphere sizes, morphology and swelling behavior was conducted before adding them to concrete. Size was determined using microscopy paired with ImageJ analysis. Coulter Counter size characterization was also used to determine the particle size distribution. Swelling behavior was determined using the tea bag method as well as size ...


Contribution Of Fiber Undulation To Mechanics Of Three-Dimensional Collagen-I Gel, Shengmao Lin, Linxia Gu 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Contribution Of Fiber Undulation To Mechanics Of Three-Dimensional Collagen-I Gel, Shengmao Lin, Linxia Gu

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

The collagen-I gel is extensively used as a scaffold material in tissue engineering due to its ability to mimic the extracellular matrix (ECM). In this study, the mechanics of collagen-I gel is investigated using a numerical model of three-dimensional collagen network. The resulted mechanical behavior was validated against the published experimental data. Results illustrated that fiber alignment was dominated in the low strain region, and its transition to stretching dominated phenomena at higher strain led to the strain stiffening of collagen gel. The collagen undulation at the microscopic level was found to delay the initiation of strain stiffening


Experimental Building Demonstration Model With Viscous Fluid Dampers, Blake Thomas Reeve, Brianna Jean Kufa, Aden Malek Stepanians, Sophie Carmion Ratkovich 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Experimental Building Demonstration Model With Viscous Fluid Dampers, Blake Thomas Reeve, Brianna Jean Kufa, Aden Malek Stepanians, Sophie Carmion Ratkovich

Architectural Engineering

The Architectural Engineering major places a heavy emphasis on structural dynamics and the role of wind and seismic loading in building analysis and design. Buildings of high importance that are critical to community function, such as hospitals, often utilize supplemental damping devices like supplemental viscous fluid dampers or base isolators to reduce the overall demands on the structural system. The design and analysis of these dampers are typically not taught at the undergraduate level, and is frequently performed by mechanical engineers, in lieu of structural engineers.

To better understand and research building behavior with supplemental damping devices, our multi-disciplinary team ...


Development And Application Of 3-D Fuel Performance Modeling To Assess Missing Pellet Surface Influence On Pellet Clad Interaction And Clad Failure, Nathan Allen Capps 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Development And Application Of 3-D Fuel Performance Modeling To Assess Missing Pellet Surface Influence On Pellet Clad Interaction And Clad Failure, Nathan Allen Capps

Doctoral Dissertations

In the late 1970s PCI related failures caused the implementation of startup ramp restrictions. These ramp restrictions where intended to reduce the stresses caused by pellet cladding contact. These ramp restrictions had a significant impact on Westinghouse fueled PWRs, reducing PCI related failure until 2003. Through investigation into these fuel rod failures lead to the conclusion that missing pellet surfaces (MPS) were the root cause of the failures. MPS are local geometric defects in nuclear fuel pellets that result from pellet mishandling or the manufacturing process. The presence of MPS defects can cause stress concentrations in the clad of sufficient ...


Haul Truck Tires Recycling, Jessica N. Lizarazu 2016 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Haul Truck Tires Recycling, Jessica N. Lizarazu

Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

The disposal of large Off-the-Road (OTR) tires is an increasingly important concern. These tires can weigh up to 8,450 pounds with an overall diameter and width of approximately 140.7 inches and 45.1 inches respectively. OTR tires are used for mining vehicles such as haul trucks, wheel loaders, backhoes, graders, and trenchers. These new tires cost between $38,000 and $50,000 each, depending on multiple factors including oil prices and the cyclical nature of the industry. Haul trucks contain six tires per vehicle, and mines replace these tires around every 9-12 months. Statistics regarding discarded OTR tires ...


Modeling And Experimental Investigation On The Influence Of Radiation Defects On Helium Behavior In Bcc Iron, Zuya Huang 2016 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Modeling And Experimental Investigation On The Influence Of Radiation Defects On Helium Behavior In Bcc Iron, Zuya Huang

Masters Theses

Fe-based alloys are important structural materials for both fission and fusion energy. For fusion applications, the challenges of radiation-induced changes in microstructure, properties and performance is further challenged by the concomitant production of helium from (n, alpha) nuclear reactions and fusion reactions. Due to the lack of a volumetric, high flux 14-MeV neutron source, studying these phenomena require the use of computational materials modeling and novel experimental methods. In this thesis, molecular dynamics (MD) simulations was used to investigate the synergistic interactions of helium with prismatic dislocation loops characteristic of those observed in neutron irradiated iron to determine how the ...


Bending Stiffness In Cadaveric And Composite Long Bones Following Total Joint Replacement, Danielle Gehron, Anderson Adams MS, Tatsuya Sueyoshi MD, Scott R. Small MS 2016 Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology

Bending Stiffness In Cadaveric And Composite Long Bones Following Total Joint Replacement, Danielle Gehron, Anderson Adams Ms, Tatsuya Sueyoshi Md, Scott R. Small Ms

Rose-Hulman Undergraduate Research Publications

Several biomechanics studies have utilized commercially available replicate bone models as an alternative to cadaveric tissue specimens, in part due to their ease of handling and reduced expense. In an effort to validate the use of replicate bone specimens in biomechanics research, a number of studies have compared material properties of whole tibia and femur specimens to those of similar cadaveric specimens. Many of these validation studies have ascertained that the material properties of whole bone composite models fall within the range of those properties of cadaveric specimens, while offering reduced interspecimen variability. Current literature lacks, however, the direct comparison ...


Ramifications Of Projectile Velocity On The Ballistic Dart Penetration Of Sand, Peter Anthony Sable 2016 Marquette University

Ramifications Of Projectile Velocity On The Ballistic Dart Penetration Of Sand, Peter Anthony Sable

Master's Theses (2009 -)

With the advent of novel in-situ experimental measurement techniques, highly resolved quantitative observations of dynamic events within granular media can now be made. In particular, high speed imagery and digital analysis now allow for the ballistic behaviors of sand to be examined not only across a range of event velocities but across multiple length scales. In an attempt to further understand the dynamic behavior of granular media, these new experimental developments were implemented utilizing high speed photography coupled with piezo-electric stress gauges to observe visually accessible ballistic events of a dart penetrating Ottawa sand. Projectile velocities ranged from 100 to ...


Matl 260/360: Elements Of Materials Science—A Peer Review Of Teaching Project Benchmark Portfolio, Bai Cui 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Matl 260/360: Elements Of Materials Science—A Peer Review Of Teaching Project Benchmark Portfolio, Bai Cui

UNL Faculty Course Portfolios

The goal of MATL 260/360 Elements of Materials Science is to make undergraduate students understand the fundamental concepts of the microstructure-property relationship of materials. This course portfolio addresses several key questions in teaching, such as how to teach new knowledge more effectively, how to increase student engagement, how to promote students’ interests and motivations, and how to use this course to improve students’ analysis and critical thinking skills.

To address each of key questions, the course activities include: relating the new knowledge with daily-life and industry examples; giving PPT slides for after- class study; assigning homework questions after each ...


The Design And Construction Of A Torque Measuring Arm For An Air Motor, Logan Dearinger 2016 Central Washington University

The Design And Construction Of A Torque Measuring Arm For An Air Motor, Logan Dearinger

All Undergraduate Projects

There is a system efficiency lab that sits in the thermodynamics lab of the Mechanical Engineering Technologies department. To expand this lab, a torque measuring device was needed to measure the torsional force that the pump exerts on the air motor. The expansion of this lab is important to give a better understanding of how the different mechanical parts effect the efficiency of the overall system. The first step in the expansion process was the design of a suitable torque measuring device. The most efficient design was a simple one with minimal moving parts. When the air motor is energized ...


Integrated Solar Technologies With Outdoor Pedestrian Bridge Superstructure Decking, Richard K. Racz Mr., Richard Racz 2016 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Integrated Solar Technologies With Outdoor Pedestrian Bridge Superstructure Decking, Richard K. Racz Mr., Richard Racz

Masters Theses May 2014 - current

Solar technology has been a major topic in sustainable design for many years. In the last five years, however, the solar technology industry has seen a rapid growth in installations and technological advances in cell design. Combined with a rapidly declining overall system cost, the idea of introducing solar technology into a wider range of applications is becoming a focus for engineers and scientists around the world. So many variables which alter solar energy production, such as the sun and surrounding environment, determine whether a solar design is beneficial. This thesis presents a bridge deck surface integrated with solar cells ...


The Effect Of Macrophage Phenotype And Surface Modification Of Liposomes On Internalization, Lilusi Ma 2016 Iowa State University

The Effect Of Macrophage Phenotype And Surface Modification Of Liposomes On Internalization, Lilusi Ma

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The effects of surface modifications on liposomes using a library of arginine derivatives for improved drug delivery were examined. Encapsulating either fluorescein or doxorubicin, both unmodified liposome and modified liposomes were tested for their drug delivery properties and propensity for internalization with macrophages. The modified liposomes were characterized by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and zeta potential. The resulting liposomes were able to encapsulate doxorubicin with a loading efficiency greater than 90% and cumulative releases of less than 15% after 144 h. The internalization of these particles was examined by loading the liposomes with fluorescein or doxorubicin to test internalization through ...


Oxidation Of Zirconium Diboride Based And Molybdenum Based Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics, Gaoyuan Ouyang 2016 Iowa State University

Oxidation Of Zirconium Diboride Based And Molybdenum Based Ultra-High Temperature Ceramics, Gaoyuan Ouyang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Designing resilient high temperature alloys has been a long-standing engineering challenge. The driver for high temperature material research ranges from the need of developing robust thermal protection systems for hypersonic vehicles to increased operating temperatures (and hence Carnot efficiencies) of gas turbines. Ni based superalloys have been widely used in a variety of high temperature applications, but these alloys are limited by the melting temperature of Ni3Al and a variety of topologically close-packed phases that melt in the 1200 - 1300°C range. Transitioning to higher temperatures call for materials with high thermal stability. Hence, ceramics such as silicides, borides, nitrides ...


Altering Macrophage And Fibroblast Responses With Biomaterials For Drug Delivery, Wound Healing, And Tissue Engineering, Hannah Bygd 2016 Iowa State University

Altering Macrophage And Fibroblast Responses With Biomaterials For Drug Delivery, Wound Healing, And Tissue Engineering, Hannah Bygd

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Even with significant advances in the development of biomaterials for drug delivery, tissue engineering scaffolds, artificial organs, and other medical devices, one obstacle that remains is a limited understanding of material biocompatibility. Ultimately, the success or failure of these biomaterials depends on the extent of the wound healing and foreign body response following implantation. As macrophage phenotype is dynamic throughout the course of these processes, this research targets these cells to engineer improved materials for modern healthcare applications, and to better understand the material parameters that influence biocompatibility. Evidence shows that polymeric systems can influence the function of macrophages, but ...


Fabrication And Characterization Of Novel Polymer-Matrix Nanocomposites And Their Constituents, Rui Ding 2016 Iowa State University

Fabrication And Characterization Of Novel Polymer-Matrix Nanocomposites And Their Constituents, Rui Ding

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Two main issues for the wide application of polymer-matrix nanocomposites need to be addressed: cost-effective processing of high-performance nanomaterials, and fundamental understanding of the nanofiller-polymer interaction related to property changes of nanocomposites.

To fabricate inexpensive and robust carbon nanofibers (CNFs) by the electrospinning technique, an organosolv lignin for replacing polyacrylonitrile (PAN) precursor was investigated in this work. Modification of lignin to its butyl ester alters the electrospinnability and the thermal mobility of the lignin/PAN blend precursor fibers, which further affect the thermostabilization and carbonization processes of CNFs. The micromorphology, carbon structure, and mechanical properties of resultant CNFs were evaluated ...


Biomolecules That Impact Phenotypic Transitions In Fibroblasts And Macrophages, Kiva Diane Forsmark 2016 Iowa State University

Biomolecules That Impact Phenotypic Transitions In Fibroblasts And Macrophages, Kiva Diane Forsmark

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Macrophages and fibroblasts are intricately involved in many biological responses. The foreign body response (FBR) is orchestrated by macrophages, wherein the phenotypes of these macrophages exist plastically along a spectrum from M1, proinflammatory macrophages to M2a, anti-inflammatory, pro-wound healing macrophages, and M2c, regulatory macrophages. The timely progression of macrophages through these phenotypic changes is necessary for the resolution of this response. Interplay between M2a macrophages, myofibroblasts and M2c macrophages is responsible for the eventual resolution of this response. Following, transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) activation, fibroblasts differentiate into myofibroblasts; these cells will secrete and contract extracellular matrix (ECM) components into a ...


The University Of Akron Human Powered Vehicle Team, Maria E. Rizzo, Andrew J. Derhammer, Christopher M. Trowbridge, Timothy M. Nutt, Joseph R. Boyd, Jeremy W. Marcum, Jonathan E. Adams, Donald G. Haiss, Julia Wood, Brian D. Goshia, Scott T. Fagan, Joshua D. Everhard, Rebecca L. Slivka 2016 University of Akron

The University Of Akron Human Powered Vehicle Team, Maria E. Rizzo, Andrew J. Derhammer, Christopher M. Trowbridge, Timothy M. Nutt, Joseph R. Boyd, Jeremy W. Marcum, Jonathan E. Adams, Donald G. Haiss, Julia Wood, Brian D. Goshia, Scott T. Fagan, Joshua D. Everhard, Rebecca L. Slivka

Honors Research Projects

The University of Akron Human Powered Vehicle Team’s 2016 vehicle, Klokan, was designed, manufactured and tested with safety, reliability, performance and ease of use in mind. The vehicle is a fully faired tadpole trike with a lightweight aluminum frame constructed from 6061-T6 tubing having a total weight of 8.9 lbs. To complement the lightweight frame, the fairing is constructed from polycarbonate, PETG and carbon fiber strips which combine into a lightweight, easy to manufacture weather barrier and aerodynamic structure. Klokan was designed to be a safe and efficient mode of everyday transportation which ensures that riders are sufficiently ...


Characterizing The Boundary Lateral To The Shear Direction Of Deformation Twins In Magnesium, Y. Liu, N. Li, S. Shao, M. Gong, J Wang, R.J. McCabe, Y. Jiang, C.N. Tome 2016 Los Alamos National Laboratory

Characterizing The Boundary Lateral To The Shear Direction Of Deformation Twins In Magnesium, Y. Liu, N. Li, S. Shao, M. Gong, J Wang, R.J. Mccabe, Y. Jiang, C.N. Tome

Mechanical & Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

The three-dimensional nature of twins, especially the atomic structures and motion mechanisms of the boundary lateral to the shear direction of the twin, has never been characterized at the atomic level, because such boundary is, in principle, crystallographically unobservable.We thus refer to it here as the dark side of the twin. Here, using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and atomistic simulations, we characterize the dark side of {1012} deformation twins in magnesium. It is found that the dark side is serrated and comprised of {1012} coherent twin boundaries and semi-coherent twist prismatic–prismatic {2110} boundaries that control twin growth. The ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress