Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Computer and Systems Architecture Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

933 Full-Text Articles 1161 Authors 313751 Downloads 86 Institutions

All Articles in Computer and Systems Architecture

Faceted Search

933 full-text articles. Page 1 of 35.

Reengineering A 2-Tier Database Application With Software Architecture, Hong G. Jung 2017 Southern Illinois University Carbondale

Reengineering A 2-Tier Database Application With Software Architecture, Hong G. Jung

ASA Multidisciplinary Research Symposium

The purpose of this research is to demonstrate how to reengineer a legacy Database Application using to a target system with MVC and 3-layered architecture. A Coffee Inventory Management database application is used for legacy application. The benefits of the reengineering are discussed.


Crowdsourced Smart Cities, Robert A. Iannucci, Anthony Rowe 2017 Carnegie Mellon University

Crowdsourced Smart Cities, Robert A. Iannucci, Anthony Rowe

Bob Iannucci

The vision of applying computing and communication technologies to enhance life in our cities is fundamentally appealing. Pervasive sensing and computing can alert us to imminent dangers, particularly with respect to the movement of vehicles and pedestrians in and around crowded streets. Signaling systems can integrate knowledge of city-scale traffic congestion. Self-driving vehicles can borrow from and contribute to a city-scale information collaborative. Achieving this vision will require significant coordination among the creators of sensors, actuators, and application-level software systems. Cities will invest in such smart infrastructure if and only if they are convinced that the value can be realized ...


Answering Food Insecurity: Serving The Community With Food And Knowledge Using Technology, Courtney Simpson 2017 Purdue University

Answering Food Insecurity: Serving The Community With Food And Knowledge Using Technology, Courtney Simpson

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

The courses of Tech120, CGT110, and ENGT 180/181 and Red Gold at Purdue collaborated to design a robot that would plant and water a garden for a local community charter school. The students centered the project on the users’ needs for fresh food, nutrition education, and early exposure to STEM for children. The school, Anderson Preparatory Academy (APA), is comprised of many children who come from low-income families and are in the free or reduced lunch program. Inspired from “Farm Bot,” a similar system that allows for almost hands-free gardening, the “Boiler Bot” is designed to be scalable so ...


Power-Efficient And Highly Scalable Parallel Graph Sampling Using Fpgas, Usman Tariq, Umer Cheema, Fahad Saeed 2017 WMU

Power-Efficient And Highly Scalable Parallel Graph Sampling Using Fpgas, Usman Tariq, Umer Cheema, Fahad Saeed

Parallel Computing and Data Science Lab Technical Reports

Energy efficiency is a crucial problem in data centers where big data is generally represented by directed or undirected graphs. Analysis of this big data graph is challenging due to volume and velocity of the data as well as irregular memory access patterns. Graph sampling is one of the most effective ways to reduce the size of graph while maintaining crucial characteristics. In this paper we present design and implementation of an FPGA based graph sampling method which is both time- and energy-efficient. This is in contrast to existing parallel approaches which include memory-distributed clusters, multicore and GPUs. Our ...


Feature Extraction And Parallel Visualization For Large-Scale Scientific Data, Lina Yu 2017 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Feature Extraction And Parallel Visualization For Large-Scale Scientific Data, Lina Yu

Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

Advanced computing and sensing technologies enable scientists to study natural and physical phenomena with unprecedented precision, resulting in an explosive growth of data. The unprecedented amounts of data generated from large scientific simulations impose a grand challenge in data analytics and visualization due to the fact that data are too massive for transferring, storing, and processing.

This dissertation makes the first contribution to the design of novel transfer functions and application-aware data replacement policy to facilitate feature classification on highly parallel distributed systems. We design novel transfer functions that advance the classification of continuously changed volume data by combining the ...


Lmproving Microcontroller And Computer Architecture Education Through Software Simulation, Kevin Brightwell 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Lmproving Microcontroller And Computer Architecture Education Through Software Simulation, Kevin Brightwell

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this thesis, we aim to improve the outcomes of students learning Computer Architecture and Embedded Systems topics within Software and Computer Engineering programs. We develop a simulation of processors that attempts to improve the visibility of hardware within the simulation environment and replace existing solutions in use within the classroom. We designate a series of requirements of a successful simulation suite based on current state-of-the-art simulations within literature. Provided these requirements, we build a quantitative rating of the same set of simulations. Additionally, we rate our previously implemented tool, hc12sim, with current solutions. Using the gaps in implementations from ...


Bim+Blockchain: A Solution To The Trust Problem In Collaboration?, Malachy Mathews, Dan Robles, Brian Bowe 2017 Dublin Institute of Technology

Bim+Blockchain: A Solution To The Trust Problem In Collaboration?, Malachy Mathews, Dan Robles, Brian Bowe

Conference papers

This paper provides an overview of historic and current organizational limitations emerging in the Architecture, Engineering, Construction, Building Owner / Operations (AECOO) Industry. It then provides an overview of new technologies that attempt to mitigate these limitations. However, these technologies, taken together, appear to be converging and creating entirely new organizational structures in the AEC industries. This may be characterized by the emergence of what is called the Network Effect and it’s related calculus. This paper culminates with an introduction to Blockchain Technology (BT) and it’s integration with the emergence of groundbreaking technologies such as Internet of Things (IoT ...


Resource Estimation For Large Scale, Real-Time Image Analysis On Live Video Cameras Worldwide, Caleb Tung, Yung-Hsiang Lu, Anup Mohan 2017 Purdue University

Resource Estimation For Large Scale, Real-Time Image Analysis On Live Video Cameras Worldwide, Caleb Tung, Yung-Hsiang Lu, Anup Mohan

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Thousands of public cameras live-stream an abundance of data to the Internet every day. If analyzed in real-time by computer programs, these cameras could provide unprecedented utility as a global sensory tool. For example, if cameras capture the scene of a fire, a system running image analysis software on their footage in real-time could be programmed to react appropriately (perhaps call firefighters). No such technology has been deployed at large scale because the sheer computing resources needed have yet to be determined. In order to help us build computer systems powerful enough to achieve such lifesaving feats, we developed a ...


Energy And Performance Balancing Architecture For Asynchronous Data Processing Platforms, Chien-Wei Lo 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Energy And Performance Balancing Architecture For Asynchronous Data Processing Platforms, Chien-Wei Lo

Theses and Dissertations

The semiconductor industry has been increasingly focused on the energy consumption and heat generation in CMOS-based integrated circuits (ICs) for its dominating impact on the system performance and reliability. Without clock-related timing constraints, asynchronous circuits have demonstrated unique flexibility in performance-energy tradeoffs compared to synchronous designs. This dissertation work presents the architecture capable of balancing energy and performance for asynchronous digital signal processing circuits using the Multi-Threshold NULL Convention Logic (MTNCL). Architecture implementing user-configurable adaptive dynamic voltage scaling (DVS) and data processing core disabling based on the detection and parameterization of system throughput are developed for MTNCL parallel homogeneous and ...


Hyper-Connectivity: Intricacies Of National And International Cyber Securities (Part 1), Maurice Dawson 2017 University of Missouri - St Louis

Hyper-Connectivity: Intricacies Of National And International Cyber Securities (Part 1), Maurice Dawson

Maurice Dawson

This thesis examined the three core themes: the role of education in cyber security, the role of technology in cyber security, and the role of policy in cyber security in which the papers are published. The associated works are published in referred journals, peer reviewed book chapters, and conference proceedings. Research can be found in the following outlets; 1. Security Solutions for Hyperconnectivity and the Internet of Things, 2. Developing Next-Generation Countermeasures for Homeland Security Threat Prevention, 3. New Threats and Countermeasures in Digital Crime and Cyber Terrorism, 4. International Journal of Business Continuity and Risk Management, 5. Handbook of ...


One-To-Cloud One-Time Pad Data Encryption: Introducing Virtual Prototyping With Pspice, Paul Tobin, Lee Tobin, Roberto Gandia Blanquer DR, Michael McKeever, Jonathan Blackledge Professor 2017 Dublin Institute of Technology

One-To-Cloud One-Time Pad Data Encryption: Introducing Virtual Prototyping With Pspice, Paul Tobin, Lee Tobin, Roberto Gandia Blanquer Dr, Michael Mckeever, Jonathan Blackledge Professor

Conference papers

In this paper, we examine the design and application of a one-time pad encryption system for protecting data stored in the Cloud. Personalising security using a one-time pad generator at the client-end protects data from break-ins, side-channel attacks and backdoors in public encryption algorithms. The one-time pad binary sequences were obtained from modified analogue chaos oscillators initiated by noise and encoded client data locally. Specific ``one-to-Cloud'' storage applications returned control back to the end user but without the key distribution problem normally associated with one-time pad encryption. Development of the prototype was aided by ``Virtual Prototyping'' in the latest version ...


Developing A Distributed Java-Based Speech Recognition Engine, Tony Ayers, Brian Nolan 2017 Institute of Technology Blanchardstown

Developing A Distributed Java-Based Speech Recognition Engine, Tony Ayers, Brian Nolan

The ITB Journal

The development of speech recognition engines has traditionally been the territory of low-level development languages such as C. Until recently Java may not have been considered a candidate language for the development of such a speech engine, due to its security restrictions which limited its sound processing features. The release of the Java Sound API as part of the Java Media Framework and the subsequent integration of the Sound API into the standard Java development kit provides the necessary sound processing tools to Java to perform speech recognition. This paper documents our development of a speech recognition engine using the ...


Mr. Mix: The Automated Home Bartender, Brian Moore, Robert Hulbert 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Mr. Mix: The Automated Home Bartender, Brian Moore, Robert Hulbert

Computer Engineering

No abstract provided.


An Analysis Of Heroku And Aws For Growing Startups, Colton B. Stapper 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

An Analysis Of Heroku And Aws For Growing Startups, Colton B. Stapper

Computer Science

This project presents information on the architecture of most modern cloud-hosting platforms, and gives a cost-benefit analysis of two common Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) companies: Heroku and AWS.


Children’S Social Network: Kids Club, Eiman Alrashoud 2017 California State University, San Bernardino

Children’S Social Network: Kids Club, Eiman Alrashoud

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Young children often have a profound interest that if nurtured, would develop to great social cues and skills thereby improving their social aspects of life. Parents can conveniently benefit from a swift data sharing in the collaborative scrutiny of their kid's participation, in public activities facilitated through the internet digital technology. To facilitate the involvement of shared activities among children, an interactive website is essential. The aim of my project is to develop a website that is intended to be an interactive platform for a variety of events selection. Additionally, the website will aid parents in the creation, discovery ...


Solid State Drive, Shaun A. Steele 2017 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Solid State Drive, Shaun A. Steele

Electrical Engineering

This project documents the design and implementation of a solid state drive (SSD). SSDs are a non-volatile memory storage device that competes with hard disk drives. SSDs rely on flash memory, a type of non-volatile memory that is electrically erased and programmed. The appeal of SSDs lies in the fact that they allow a fast, reliable, and durable memory storage device. The goal of this project is to have a working external SSD built from scratch.


Deepmon: Mobile Gpu-Based Deep Learning Framework For Continuous Vision Applications, Nguyen Loc HUYNH, Youngki LEE, Rajesh Krishna BALAN 2017 Singapore Management University

Deepmon: Mobile Gpu-Based Deep Learning Framework For Continuous Vision Applications, Nguyen Loc Huynh, Youngki Lee, Rajesh Krishna Balan

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

The rapid emergence of head-mounted devices such as the Microsoft Holo-lens enables a wide variety of continuous vision applications. Such applications often adopt deep-learning algorithms such as CNN and RNN to extract rich contextual information from the first-person-view video streams. Despite the high accuracy, use of deep learning algorithms in mobile devices raises critical challenges, i.e., high processing latency and power consumption. In this paper, we propose DeepMon, a mobile deep learning inference system to run a variety of deep learning inferences purely on a mobile device in a fast and energy-efficient manner. For this, we designed a suite ...


Advanced Text Analytics And Machine Learning Approach For Document Classification, Chaitanya Anne 2017 University of New Orleans

Advanced Text Analytics And Machine Learning Approach For Document Classification, Chaitanya Anne

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Text classification is used in information extraction and retrieval from a given text, and text classification has been considered as an important step to manage a vast number of records given in digital form that is far-reaching and expanding. This thesis addresses patent document classification problem into fifteen different categories or classes, where some classes overlap with other classes for practical reasons. For the development of the classification model using machine learning techniques, useful features have been extracted from the given documents. The features are used to classify patent document as well as to generate useful tag-words. The overall objective ...


Power Efficient High Temperature Asynchronous Microcontroller Design, Nathan William Kuhns 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Power Efficient High Temperature Asynchronous Microcontroller Design, Nathan William Kuhns

Theses and Dissertations

There is an increasing demand for dependable and efficient digital circuitry capable of operating in high temperature environments. Extreme temperatures have adverse effects on traditional silicon synchronous systems because of the changes in delay and setup and hold times caused by the variances in each device’s threshold voltage. This dissertation focuses on the design of the major functionality of an asynchronous 8051 microcontroller in Raytheon’s high temperature Silicon Carbide process, rated for operation over 300ºC. The microcontroller is designed in NULL Convention Logic, for which the traditional bus architecture used for data transfer would consume a large amount ...


Hexarray: A Novel Self-Reconfigurable Hardware System, Fady Hussein 2017 Boise State University

Hexarray: A Novel Self-Reconfigurable Hardware System, Fady Hussein

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Evolvable hardware (EHW) is a powerful autonomous system for adapting and finding solutions within a changing environment. EHW consists of two main components: a reconfigurable hardware core and an evolutionary algorithm. The majority of prior research focuses on improving either the reconfigurable hardware or the evolutionary algorithm in place, but not both. Thus, current implementations suffer from being application oriented and having slow reconfiguration times, low efficiencies, and less routing flexibility. In this work, a novel evolvable hardware platform is proposed that combines a novel reconfigurable hardware core and a novel evolutionary algorithm.

The proposed reconfigurable hardware core is a ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress