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A Data-Driven Approach For Detecting Stress In Plants Using Hyperspectral Imagery, Suraj Gampa 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

A Data-Driven Approach For Detecting Stress In Plants Using Hyperspectral Imagery, Suraj Gampa

Computer Science and Engineering: Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research

A phenotype is an observable characteristic of an individual and is a function of its genotype and its growth environment. Individuals with different genotypes are impacted differently by exposure to the same environment. Therefore, phenotypes are often used to understand morphological and physiological changes in plants as a function of genotype and biotic and abiotic stress conditions. Phenotypes that measure the level of stress can help mitigate the adverse impacts on the growth cycle of the plant. Image-based plant phenotyping has the potential for early stress detection by means of computing responsive phenotypes in a non-intrusive manner. A large number ...


3d Printed Smart Mobile, Bingfang Chen 2019 CUNY New York City College of Technology

3d Printed Smart Mobile, Bingfang Chen

Publications and Research

The goal of this research project is to design and build a prototype of a smart mobile robot to participate and compete in IEEE Micro-mouse and similar competitions. The robot has to find its way out of a maze as quickly as possible, by exploring and learning the paths in the maze. 3D printing technology will be used to build a lightweight robot frame so that it can move at a fast speed.


Modeling Of Complex Parts For Industrial Waterjet Cleaning, Braden James 2019 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Modeling Of Complex Parts For Industrial Waterjet Cleaning, Braden James

Theses and Dissertations

Industrial high-pressure waterjet cleaning is common to many industries. The modeling in this paper functions inside a collaborative robotic framework for high mix, low volume processes where human robot collaboration is beneficial. Automation of pressure washing is desirable for economic and ergonomic reasons. An automated cleaning system needs path simulation and analysis to give the operator insight into the predicted cleaning performance of the system. In this paper, ablation, the removal of a substrate coating by waterjet, is modeled for robotic cleaning operations. The model is designed to work with complex parts often found in spray cleaning operations, namely parts ...


Value-Of-Information Based Data Collection In Underwater Sensor Networks, Fahad Khan 2019 University of Central Florida

Value-Of-Information Based Data Collection In Underwater Sensor Networks, Fahad Khan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Underwater sensor networks are deployed in marine environments, presenting specific challenges compared to sensor networks deployed in terrestrial settings. Among the major issues that underwater sensor networks face is communication medium limitations that result in low bandwidth and long latency. This creates problems when these networks need to transmit large amounts of data over long distances. A possible solution to address this issue is to use mobile sinks such as autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) to offload these large quantities of data. Such mobile sinks are called data mules. Often it is the case that a sensor network is deployed to ...


Application-Specific Memory Subsystem Benchmarking, Mahesh Lakshminarasimhan 2019 Boise State University

Application-Specific Memory Subsystem Benchmarking, Mahesh Lakshminarasimhan

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Application performance often depends on achieved memory bandwidth. Achieved memory bandwidth varies greatly given specific combinations of instruction mix and order, working set size, and access pattern. Achieving good application performance depends on optimizing these characteristics within the constraints of the given application. This task is complicated due to the lack of information about the impact of small changes on the performance. Some information is provided by benchmarks, but most memory benchmarks are confined to simple access patterns that are not representative of patterns found in real applications.

This thesis presents AdaptMemBench, a configurable benchmark framework designed to explore the ...


An Explainable Sequence-Based Deep Learning Predictor With Applications To Song Recommendation And Text Classification., Khalil Damak 2019 University of Louisville

An Explainable Sequence-Based Deep Learning Predictor With Applications To Song Recommendation And Text Classification., Khalil Damak

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Streaming applications are now the predominant tools for listening to music. What makes the success of such software is the availability of songs and especially their ability to provide users with relevant personalized recommendations. State of the art music recommender systems mainly rely on either Matrix factorization-based collaborative filtering approaches or deep learning architectures. Deep learning models usually use metadata for content-based filtering or predict the next user interaction (listening to a song) using a memory-based deep learning structure that learns from temporal sequences of user actions. Despite advances in deep learning models for song recommendation systems, none has taken ...


Urban Underground Infrastructure Monitoring Iot: The Path Loss Analysis, Abdul Salam, Syed Shah 2019 Purdue University

Urban Underground Infrastructure Monitoring Iot: The Path Loss Analysis, Abdul Salam, Syed Shah

Faculty Publications

The extra quantities of wastewater entering the pipes can cause backups that result in sanitary sewer overflows. Urban underground infrastructure monitoring is important for controlling the flow of extraneous water into the pipelines. By combining the wireless underground communications and sensor solutions, the urban underground IoT applications such as real time wastewater and storm water overflow monitoring can be developed. In this paper, the path loss analysis of wireless underground communications in urban underground IoT for wastewater monitoring has been presented. It has been shown that the communication range of up to 4 kilometers can be achieved from an underground ...


Public Blockchain Scalability: Advancements, Challenges And The Future, Amritraj . 2019 Kennesaw State University

Public Blockchain Scalability: Advancements, Challenges And The Future, Amritraj .

Master of Science in Software Engineering Theses

In the last decade, blockchain has emerged as one of the most influential innovations in software architecture and technology. Ideally, blockchains are designed to be architecturally and politically decentralized, similar to the Internet. But recently, public and permissionless blockchains such as Bitcoin and Ethereum have faced stumbling blocks in the form of scalability. Both Bitcoin and Ethereum process fewer than 20 transactions per second, which is significantly lower than their centralized counterpart such as VISA that can process approximately 1,700 transactions per second. In realizing this hindrance in the wide range adoption of blockchains for building advanced and large ...


Predicting Unethical Physician Behavior At Scale: A Distributed Computing Framework, Quinn Keck, Robert Sandor, Miguel Romero, Diane Woodbridge, Paul Intrevado 2019 University of San Francisco

Predicting Unethical Physician Behavior At Scale: A Distributed Computing Framework, Quinn Keck, Robert Sandor, Miguel Romero, Diane Woodbridge, Paul Intrevado

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

As the amount of publicly shared data increases,

developing a robust pipeline to stream, store and process data is

critical, as the casual user often lacks the technology, hardware

and/or skills needed to work with such voluminous data. In

this research, the authors employ Amazon EC2 and EMR,

MongoDB, and Spark MLlib to explore 28.5 gigabytes of CMS

Open Payments data in an attempt to identify physicians who

may have a high propensity to act unethically, owing to significant

transfers of wealth from medical companies. A Random Forest

Classifier is employed to predict the top decile of physicians ...


Quantum Criticism, Ashwini Badgujar, Paul Intrevado, Andrew Wang, Kai Yu, David Guy Brizan 2019 University of San Francisco

Quantum Criticism, Ashwini Badgujar, Paul Intrevado, Andrew Wang, Kai Yu, David Guy Brizan

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

Quantum Criticism scrapes data from the News Articles and performs Sentiment Analysis.


Automated Segmentation Of Brain Ventricles Using 3d U-Net, Robert Sandor, Anish P. Dalal 2019 University of San Francisco

Automated Segmentation Of Brain Ventricles Using 3d U-Net, Robert Sandor, Anish P. Dalal

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

Neuro-radiologists currently use qualitative volumetric change of brain ventricles after surgery to assess the safety of removing a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt which is a medical device that relieves pressure on the brain caused by fluid accumulation. Following safe removal of the VP shunt, patients can be released from the hospital. The need for accurate and quick measurement of brain ventricular volumetric change makes automatic 3D segmentation software an ideal candidate to aid decisions after surgery. In this paper, we propose an approach to estimate the ventricular volume variation using segmentation in brain MRI and CT images. Our approach consists of ...


Integrating Mathematics And Educational Robotics: Simple Motion Planning, Ronald I. Greenberg, George K. Thiruvathukal, Sara T. Greenberg 2019 Loyola University Chicago

Integrating Mathematics And Educational Robotics: Simple Motion Planning, Ronald I. Greenberg, George K. Thiruvathukal, Sara T. Greenberg

George K. Thiruvathukal

This paper shows how students can be guided to integrate elementary mathematical analyses with motion planning for typical educational robots. Rather than using calculus as in comprehensive works on motion planning, we show students can achieve interesting results using just simple linear regression tools and trigonometric analyses. Experiments with one robotics platform show that use of these tools can lead to passable navigation through dead reckoning even if students have limited experience with use of sensors, programming, and mathematics.


An Underground Radio Wave Propagation Prediction Model For Digital Agriculture, Abdul Salam 2019 Purdue University

An Underground Radio Wave Propagation Prediction Model For Digital Agriculture, Abdul Salam

Faculty Publications

Underground sensing and propagation of Signals in the Soil (SitS) medium is an electromagnetic issue. The path loss prediction with higher accuracy is an open research subject in digital agriculture monitoring applications for sensing and communications. The statistical data are predominantly derived from site-specific empirical measurements, which is considered an impediment to universal application. Nevertheless, in the existing literature, statistical approaches have been applied to the SitS channel modeling, where impulse response analysis and the Friis open space transmission formula are employed as the channel modeling tool in different soil types under varying soil moisture conditions at diverse communication distances ...


Low-Dimensional Materials With Protective Coatings For Applications Under Extreme Conditions, Qiming Zou 2019 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Low-Dimensional Materials With Protective Coatings For Applications Under Extreme Conditions, Qiming Zou

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research from Electrical & Computer Engineering

Traditional ceramic-based, conductive materials used under extreme conditions are severely limited due to their conditional electrical conductivity and poor stability under harsh circumstances. Advanced composite structures based on vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (VACNTs) and high-temperature ceramics are expected to address this grand challenge, in which ceramic serves as a shielding layer protecting the VACNTs from the oxidation and erosive environment, while the VACNTs work as a conductor. However, it is still a great challenge to fabricate VACNT/ceramic composite structures due to the limited infiltration of ceramics inside the VACNT arrays. Hence developing a feasible method to infiltrate ceramics into ...


Temporal Logic Robustness For General Signal Classes, Houssam Abbas, Yash Vardhan Pant, Rahul Mangharam 2019 Oregon State University

Temporal Logic Robustness For General Signal Classes, Houssam Abbas, Yash Vardhan Pant, Rahul Mangharam

Real-Time and Embedded Systems Lab (mLAB)

In multi-agent systems, robots transmit their planned trajectories to each other or to a central controller, and each receiver plans its own actions by maximizing a measure of mission satisfaction. For missions expressed in temporal logic, the robustness function plays the role of satisfaction measure. Currently, a Piece-Wise Linear (PWL) or piece-wise constant reconstruction is used at the receiver. This allows an efficient robustness computation algorithm - a.k.a. monitoring - but is not adaptive to the signal class of interest, and does not leverage the compression properties of more general representations. When communication capacity is at a premium, this is ...


Technical Report: Anytime Computation And Control For Autonomous Systems, Yash Vardhan Pant, Houssam Abbas, Kartik Mohta, Rhudii A. Quaye, Truong X. Nghiem, Joseph Devietti, Rahul Mangharam 2019 University of Pennsylvania

Technical Report: Anytime Computation And Control For Autonomous Systems, Yash Vardhan Pant, Houssam Abbas, Kartik Mohta, Rhudii A. Quaye, Truong X. Nghiem, Joseph Devietti, Rahul Mangharam

Real-Time and Embedded Systems Lab (mLAB)

The correct and timely completion of the sensing and action loop is of utmost importance in safety critical autonomous systems. A crucial part of the performance of this feedback control loop are the computation time and accuracy of the estimator which produces state estimates used by the controller. These state estimators, especially those used for localization, often use computationally expensive perception algorithms like visual object tracking. With on-board computers on autonomous robots being computationally limited, the computation time of a perception-based estimation algorithm can at times be high enough to result in poor control performance. In this work, we develop ...


Autonomous Watercraft Simulation And Programming, Nicholas J. Savino 2019 Lynchburg College

Autonomous Watercraft Simulation And Programming, Nicholas J. Savino

Student Scholar Showcase

Automation of various modes of transportation is thought to make travel more safe and efficient. Over the past several decades, advances to semi-autonomous and autonomous vehicles have led to advanced autopilot systems on planes and boats, and an increasing popularity of self-driving cars. We predicted the motion of an autonomous vehicle using simulations in Python. The simulation models the motion of a small scale watercraft, which can then be built and programmed using an Arduino Microcontroller. We examined different control methods for a simulated rescue craft to reach a target. We also examined the effects of different factors, such as ...


Challenges In Integrating Iot In Smart Home, Leiquan Pan, Chenyang Lu 2019 Washington University in St. Louis

Challenges In Integrating Iot In Smart Home, Leiquan Pan, Chenyang Lu

All Computer Science and Engineering Research

Wireless devices have become a major part in Smart Home industry. Almost every smart home company has its own wireless solutions and cloud services. Normally, customers can only monitor and control smart devices through applications or platforms companies provided. It causes inconveniences and problems when we have lots of smart devices. In my master project, I did two projects to implement smart home IoT applications. From a single functionality IoT application to a more complicated smart home system, there are lots of challenges and problems appeared. This article will mainly focus on challenges in integrating IoT in a smart home.


Extraction Of Recipe Steps From Scientific Papers: The Nanomaterials Synthesis Domain, Richard Carmona-Andrade 2019 Kansas State University Libraries

Extraction Of Recipe Steps From Scientific Papers: The Nanomaterials Synthesis Domain, Richard Carmona-Andrade

Kansas State University Undergraduate Research Conference

The overall goal of this research is to effectively extract steps for performing a specified procedure from published text descriptions, producing a recipe listing the materials, operations, and conditions required to perform the procedure. For example, if the procedure is to create a nanomaterial, and relevant source text consists of peer-reviewed scientific publications, a recipe should include raw materials and unit operations, among other specifications of a chemical engineering process. This project focuses on developing performance measures to evaluate recipe steps, by gauging their correctness, completeness, and non-redundancy. This is done by comparing manually annotated documents that conveyed desired results ...


Performance Analysis Of Voting Algorithms In Wireless Sensor Networks, Aditi Mishra 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Performance Analysis Of Voting Algorithms In Wireless Sensor Networks, Aditi Mishra

Computer Science Graduate Research Workshop

No abstract provided.


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