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Virtual Sensor Middleware: Managing Iot Data For The Fog-Cloud Platform, Fadi AlMahamid, Hanan Lutfiyya, Katarina Grolinger 2022 Western University

Virtual Sensor Middleware: Managing Iot Data For The Fog-Cloud Platform, Fadi Almahamid, Hanan Lutfiyya, Katarina Grolinger

Electrical and Computer Engineering Publications

This paper introduces the Virtual Sensor Middleware (VSM), which facilitates distributed sensor data processing on multiple fog nodes. VSM uses a Virtual Sensor as the core component of the middleware. The virtual sensor concept is redesigned to support functionality beyond sensor/device virtualization, such as deploying a set of virtual sensors to represent an IoT application and distributed sensor data processing across multiple fog nodes. Furthermore, the virtual sensor deals with the heterogeneous nature of IoT devices and the various communication protocols using different adapters to communicate with the IoT devices and the underlying protocol. VSM uses the publish-subscribe design pattern …


Updated Perspectives On The Role Of Biomechanics In Copd: Considerations For The Clinician, Jennifer M. Yentes, Wai-Yan Liu, Kuan Zhang, Eric J. Markvicka, Stephen I. Rennard 2022 Texas A&M University

Updated Perspectives On The Role Of Biomechanics In Copd: Considerations For The Clinician, Jennifer M. Yentes, Wai-Yan Liu, Kuan Zhang, Eric J. Markvicka, Stephen I. Rennard

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) demonstrate extra-pulmonary functional decline such as an increased prevalence of falls. Biomechanics offers insight into functional decline by examining mechanics of abnormal movement patterns. This review discusses biomechanics of functional outcomes, muscle mechanics, and breathing mechanics in patients with COPD as well as future directions and clinical perspectives. Patients with COPD demonstrate changes in their postural sway during quiet standing compared to controls, and these deficits are exacerbated when sensory information (eg, eyes closed) is manipulated. If standing balance is disrupted with a perturbation, patients with COPD are slower to return to baseline …


Tutorial: Neuro-Symbolic Ai For Mental Healthcare, Kaushik Roy, Usha Lokala, Manas Gaur, Amit Sheth 2022 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Tutorial: Neuro-Symbolic Ai For Mental Healthcare, Kaushik Roy, Usha Lokala, Manas Gaur, Amit Sheth

Publications

Artificial Intelligence (AI) systems for mental healthcare (MHCare) have been ever-growing after realizing the importance of early interventions for patients with chronic mental health (MH) conditions. Social media (SocMedia) emerged as the go-to platform for supporting patients seeking MHCare. The creation of peer-support groups without social stigma has resulted in patients transitioning from clinical settings to SocMedia supported interactions for quick help. Researchers started exploring SocMedia content in search of cues that showcase correlation or causation between different MH conditions to design better interventional strategies. User-level Classification-based AI systems were designed to leverage diverse SocMedia data from various MH conditions, …


Rural Broadband Usage: Analyzing Satisfaction And Internet Speed Within The Rural Digital Divide, Angela Hollman, Tim Obermier, Jesse Andrews 2022 University of Nebraska at Kearney

Rural Broadband Usage: Analyzing Satisfaction And Internet Speed Within The Rural Digital Divide, Angela Hollman, Tim Obermier, Jesse Andrews

Mountain Plains Business Conference

No abstract provided.


Software Protection And Secure Authentication For Autonomous Vehicular Cloud Computing, Muhammad Hataba 2022 The University of Southern Mississippi

Software Protection And Secure Authentication For Autonomous Vehicular Cloud Computing, Muhammad Hataba

Dissertations

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is changing every technology we deal with. Autonomy has been a sought-after goal in vehicles, and now more than ever we are very close to that goal. Vehicles before were dumb mechanical devices, now they are becoming smart, computerized, and connected coined as Autonomous Vehicles (AVs). Moreover, researchers found a way to make more use of these enormous capabilities and introduced Autonomous Vehicles Cloud Computing (AVCC). In these platforms, vehicles can lend their unused resources and sensory data to join AVCC.

In this dissertation, we investigate security and privacy issues in AVCC. As background, we built our …


Towards Qos-Based Embedded Machine Learning, Tom Springer, Erik Linstead, Peiyi Zhao, Chelsea Parlett-Pelleriti 2022 Chapman University

Towards Qos-Based Embedded Machine Learning, Tom Springer, Erik Linstead, Peiyi Zhao, Chelsea Parlett-Pelleriti

Engineering Faculty Articles and Research

Due to various breakthroughs and advancements in machine learning and computer architectures, machine learning models are beginning to proliferate through embedded platforms. Some of these machine learning models cover a range of applications including computer vision, speech recognition, healthcare efficiency, industrial IoT, robotics and many more. However, there is a critical limitation in implementing ML algorithms efficiently on embedded platforms: the computational and memory expense of many machine learning models can make them unsuitable in resource-constrained environments. Therefore, to efficiently implement these memory-intensive and computationally expensive algorithms in an embedded computing environment, innovative resource management techniques are required at the …


Enginews Fall 2022, School of Computer Science & Engineering 2022 Sacred Heart University

Enginews Fall 2022, School Of Computer Science & Engineering

News, Magazines and Reports

In this issue:

  • New Engineering professor, Okechukwu ‘Okey’ Ugweje
  • Business Minor
  • S-STEM Grant, National Science Foundation
  • Embedded Systems course
  • Engineering Explorations course
  • SHU Innovate club
  • Formula SAE Go-Kart "Road Kill"
  • Recent faculty publications and press releases


Monocular Camera Viewpoint-Invariant Vehicular Traffic Segmentation And Classification Utilizing Small Datasets, Amr Yousef, Jeff Flora, Khan Iftekharuddin 2022 Old Dominion University

Monocular Camera Viewpoint-Invariant Vehicular Traffic Segmentation And Classification Utilizing Small Datasets, Amr Yousef, Jeff Flora, Khan Iftekharuddin

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

The work presented here develops a computer vision framework that is view angle independent for vehicle segmentation and classification from roadway traffic systems installed by the Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT). An automated technique for extracting a region of interest is discussed to speed up the processing. The VDOT traffic videos are analyzed for vehicle segmentation using an improved robust low-rank matrix decomposition technique. It presents a new and effective thresholding method that improves segmentation accuracy and simultaneously speeds up the segmentation processing. Size and shape physical descriptors from morphological properties and textural features from the Histogram of Oriented Gradients …


Columnas: The Honors Program Newsletter At Bentley University, Debayan Sen, Hailey Jennato, Gabe Holmes, Daniel Furze 2022 Bentley University

Columnas: The Honors Program Newsletter At Bentley University, Debayan Sen, Hailey Jennato, Gabe Holmes, Daniel Furze

Honors Program

Page 1: SOCIAL MEDIA—A VEHICLE FOR SOCIAL CHANGE OR VIRTUE SIGNALING? ~ By Debayan Sen ’23

Page 2: WILL ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND ROBOTICS REPLACE THE HUMAN WORKER? ~ By Hailey Jennato ’24

Page 3: HOW TO HEALTHILY COMMUNICATE IN A RELATIONSHIP: NO, NOT JUST A ROMANTIC ONE ~ By Gabe Holmes ’26

Page 4: THE W SLANT ~ By Daniel Furze ’26


Metaversekg: Knowledge Graph For Engineering And Design Application In Industrial Metaverse, Utkarshani Jaimini, Tongtao Zhang, Georgia Olympia Brikis 2022 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Metaversekg: Knowledge Graph For Engineering And Design Application In Industrial Metaverse, Utkarshani Jaimini, Tongtao Zhang, Georgia Olympia Brikis

Publications

While the term Metaverse was first coined by the author Neal Stephenson in 1992 in his science fiction novel “Snow Crash”, today the vision of an integrated virtual world is becoming a reality across different sectors. Applications in gaming and consumer products are gaining traction, industrial metaverse applications are, still in their early stages of development with one of the challenges being interoperability across various metaverse development platforms and existing software tools. In this work we propose the use of a knowledge graph based semantic data exchange layer, the Metaverse Knowledge Graph, to enable seamless transfer of information across platforms. …


Using Satellite Images Datasets For Road Intersection Detection In Route Planning, Fatmaelzahraa Eltaher, Ayman Taha, Jane Courtney, Susan Mckeever 2022 Technological University Dublin

Using Satellite Images Datasets For Road Intersection Detection In Route Planning, Fatmaelzahraa Eltaher, Ayman Taha, Jane Courtney, Susan Mckeever

Articles

Understanding road networks plays an important role in navigation applications such as self-driving vehicles and route planning for individual journeys. Intersections of roads are essential components of road networks. Understanding the features of an intersection, from a simple T-junction to larger multi-road junctions is critical to decisions such as crossing roads or selecting safest routes. The identification and profiling of intersections from satellite images is a challenging task. While deep learning approaches offer state-of-the-art in image classification and detection, the availability of training datasets is a bottleneck in this approach. In this paper, a labelled satellite image dataset for the …


Reflecting On Experiences For Response Generation, Chenchen YE, Lizi LIAO, Suyu LIU, Tat-Seng CHUA 2022 Singapore Management University

Reflecting On Experiences For Response Generation, Chenchen Ye, Lizi Liao, Suyu Liu, Tat-Seng Chua

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Multimodal dialogue systems attract much attention recently, but they are far from skills like: 1) automatically generate context- specific responses instead of safe but general responses; 2) naturally coordinate between the different information modalities (e.g. text and image) in responses; 3) intuitively explain the reasons for generated responses and improve a specific response without re-training the whole model. To approach these goals, we propose a different angle for the task - Reflecting Experiences for Response Generation (RERG). This is supported by the fact that generating a response from scratch can be hard, but much easier if we can access other …


Learning To Automate Follow-Up Question Generation Using Process Knowledge For Depression Triage On Reddit Posts, Shrey Gupta, Anmol Agarwal, Manas Gaur, Kaushik Roy, Vignesh Narayanan, Ponnurangam Kumaraguru, Amit Sheth 2022 IIIT Hyderabad, India

Learning To Automate Follow-Up Question Generation Using Process Knowledge For Depression Triage On Reddit Posts, Shrey Gupta, Anmol Agarwal, Manas Gaur, Kaushik Roy, Vignesh Narayanan, Ponnurangam Kumaraguru, Amit Sheth

Publications

Conversational Agents (CAs) powered with deep language models (DLMs) have shown tremendous promise in the domain of mental health. Prominently, the CAs have been used to provide informational or therapeutic services (e.g., cognitive behavioral therapy) to patients. However, the utility of CAs to assist in mental health triaging has not been explored in the existing work as it requires a controlled generation of follow-up questions (FQs), which are often initiated and guided by the mental health professionals (MHPs) in clinical settings. In the context of `depression', our experiments show that DLMs coupled with process knowledge in a mental health questionnaire …


Softskip: Empowering Multi-Modal Dynamic Pruning For Single-Stage Referring Comprehension, WEERAKOON MUDIYANSELAGE DULANGA KAVEESHA WEERAKOON, Vigneshwaran SUBBARAJU, Minh Anh Tuan TRAN, Archan MISRA 2022 Singapore Management University

Softskip: Empowering Multi-Modal Dynamic Pruning For Single-Stage Referring Comprehension, Weerakoon Mudiyanselage Dulanga Kaveesha Weerakoon, Vigneshwaran Subbaraju, Minh Anh Tuan Tran, Archan Misra

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Supporting real-time referring expression comprehension (REC) on pervasive devices is an important capability for human-AI collaborative tasks. Model pruning techniques, applied to DNN models, can enable real-time execution even on resource-constrained devices. However, existing pruning strategies are designed principally for uni-modal applications, and suffer a significant loss of accuracy when applied to REC tasks that require fusion of textual and visual inputs. We thus present a multi-modal pruning model, LGMDP, which uses language as a pivot to dynamically and judiciously select the relevant computational blocks that need to be executed. LGMDP also introduces a new SoftSkip mechanism, whereby 'skipped' visual …


Remgen: Remanufacturing A Random Program Generator For Compiler Testing, Haoxin TU, He JIANG, Xiaochen LI, Zhide ZHOU, Lingxiao JIANG, Lingxiao JIANG 2022 Singapore Management University

Remgen: Remanufacturing A Random Program Generator For Compiler Testing, Haoxin Tu, He Jiang, Xiaochen Li, Zhide Zhou, Lingxiao Jiang, Lingxiao Jiang

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Program generators play a critical role in generating bug-revealing test programs for compiler testing. However, existing program generators have been tamed nowadays (i.e., compilers have been hardened against test programs generated by them), thus calling for new solutions to improve their capability in generating bug-revealing test programs. In this study, we propose a framework named Remgen, aiming to Remanufacture a random program Generator for this purpose. RemgEnaddresses the challenges of the synthesis of diverse code snippets at a low cost and the selection of the bug-revealing code snippets for constructing new test programs. More specifically, RemgEnfirst designs a grammar-aided synthesis …


Sers Spectroscopy With Machine Learning To Analyze Human Plasma Derived Sevs For Coronary Artery Disease Diagnosis And Prognosis, Xi Huang, Bo Liu, Shenghan Guo, Weihong Guo, Ke Liao, Guoku Hu, Wen Shi, Mitchell Kuss, Michael J. Duryee, Daniel R. Anderson, Yongfeng Lu, Bin Duan 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Sers Spectroscopy With Machine Learning To Analyze Human Plasma Derived Sevs For Coronary Artery Disease Diagnosis And Prognosis, Xi Huang, Bo Liu, Shenghan Guo, Weihong Guo, Ke Liao, Guoku Hu, Wen Shi, Mitchell Kuss, Michael J. Duryee, Daniel R. Anderson, Yongfeng Lu, Bin Duan

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the major cardiovascular diseases and represents the leading causes of global mortality. Developing new diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for CAD treatment are critically needed, especially for an early accurate CAD detection and further timely intervention. In this study, we successfully isolated human plasma small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) from four stages of CAD patients, that is, healthy control, stable plaque, non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction, and ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) measurement in conjunction with five machine learning approaches, including Quadratic Discriminant Analysis, Support Vector Machine (SVM), K-Nearest Neighbor, Artificial Neural network, were then …


The Future Of Cyber-Enabled Influence Operations: Emergent Technologies, Disinformation, And The Destruction Of Democracy, Joseph Littell 2022 United States Military Academy

The Future Of Cyber-Enabled Influence Operations: Emergent Technologies, Disinformation, And The Destruction Of Democracy, Joseph Littell

ACI Books & Book Chapters

Nation-states have been embracing online influence campaigns through disinformation at breakneck speeds. Countries such as China and Russia have completely revamped their military doctrine to information-first platforms [1, 2] (Mattis, Peter. (2018). China’s Three Warfares in Perspective. War on the Rocks. Special Series: Ministry of Truth. https://warontherocks.com/2018/01/chinas-three-warfares-perspective/, Cunningham, C. (2020). A Russian Federation Information Warfare Primer. Then Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies. Washington University. https://jsis.washington.edu/news/a-russian-federation-information-war fare-primer/.) to compete with the United States and the West. The Chinese principle of “Three Warfares” and Russian Hybrid Warfare have been used and tested across the spectrum of operations ranging from competition …


Towards Efficient Scoring Of Student-Generated Long-Form Analogies In Stem, Thilini Wijesiriwardene, Ruwan Wickramarachchi, Valerie L. Shalin, Amit P. Sheth 2022 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Towards Efficient Scoring Of Student-Generated Long-Form Analogies In Stem, Thilini Wijesiriwardene, Ruwan Wickramarachchi, Valerie L. Shalin, Amit P. Sheth

Publications

Switching from an analogy pedagogy based on comprehension to analogy pedagogy based on production raises an impractical manual analogy scoring problem. Conventional symbol-matching approaches to computational analogy evaluation focus on positive cases, and challenge computational feasibility. This work presents the Discriminative Analogy Features (DAF) pipeline to identify the discriminative features of strong and weak long-form text analogies. We introduce four feature categories (semantic, syntactic, sentiment, and statistical) used with supervised vector-based learning methods to discriminate between strong and weak analogies. Using a modestly sized vector of engineered features with SVM attains a 0.67 macro F1 score. While a semantic feature …


Height Information Aided 3d Real-Time Large-Scale Underground User Positioning, Houbing Song, Chengkai Tang, Cunle Zhang, Lingling Zhang, Yi Zhang 2022 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Height Information Aided 3d Real-Time Large-Scale Underground User Positioning, Houbing Song, Chengkai Tang, Cunle Zhang, Lingling Zhang, Yi Zhang

Publications

Due to the cost of inertial navigation and visual navigation equipment and lake of satellite navigation signals, they cannot be used in large‐scale underground mining environment. To solve this problem, this study proposes large‐scale underground 3D real‐time positioning method with seam height assistance. This method uses the ultrawide band positioning base station as the core and is combined with seam height information to build a factor graph confidence transfer model to realise3D positioning. The simulation results show that the proposed real‐time method is superior to the existing algorithms in positioning accuracy and can meet the needs of large‐scale underground users.


Implementation Of Outcome Based Education For The Course Digital Image Processing, Bageshree Pathak, Prachi Mukherji, Sandhya Potadar 2022 MKSSS’s Cummins College of Engineering for Women, Karvenagar, Pune

Implementation Of Outcome Based Education For The Course Digital Image Processing, Bageshree Pathak, Prachi Mukherji, Sandhya Potadar

Graduate Research in Engineering and Technology (GRET)

Achieving Outcome Based Education (OBE) in engineering education is a challenging task for the instructor. The cycle starts from the process of curriculum design for the course ‘Digital Image Processing’ by incorporating the inputs from different stake holders. Program Outcomes (POs) and Program Specific Outcomes (PSOs) are attained through balanced course design and achieving the Course Outcomes by various evaluation methods. The next challenge is to improve the traditional teaching learning methods by implementation of innovative techniques for effective delivery of the course and to increase the engagement of the students. Students should be able to apply, analyze and evaluate …


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