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Breast Cancer Classification With Machine Learning, Rahanuma Tarannum 2024 Rahanuma Tarannum

Breast Cancer Classification With Machine Learning, Rahanuma Tarannum

ATU Research Symposium

Breast cancer is one of the foremost causes of death amongst women worldwide. Breast tumours are characteristically classified as either benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Benign tumours do not spread external side of the breast and are not fatal, whereas malignant tumours can metastasize and be incurable if untreated. Rapidly and accurate diagnosis of malignant tumours is significant for efficient treatment and advanced outcomes. In 2022, breast cancer claimed 670 000 lives worldwide. Women without any particular risk factors other than age and sex account for half of all cases of breast cancer. In 157 out of 185 nations, breast …


Pyroscan: Wildfire Behavior Prediction System, Derek H. Thompson, Parker A. Padgett, Timothy C. Johnson 2024 Arkansas Tech University

Pyroscan: Wildfire Behavior Prediction System, Derek H. Thompson, Parker A. Padgett, Timothy C. Johnson

ATU Research Symposium

During a wildfire, it is of the utmost importance to be updated about all information of the wildfire. Wind speed, wind direction and dry grass often works as fuel for the fire allowing it to spread in multiple directions. These different factors are often issues for any firefighting organization that is trying to help fight the fire. An uncontrolled wildfire is often a threat to wildlife, property, and worse, human and animal lives. In our paper, we propose an artificial intelligence (AI) powered fire tracking and prediction application utilizing Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) to inform fire fighters regarding the probability …


League Of Learning: Deep Learning For Soccer Action Video Classification, Musfikur Rahaman 2024 Arkansas Tech University

League Of Learning: Deep Learning For Soccer Action Video Classification, Musfikur Rahaman

ATU Research Symposium

The field of sports video analysis using deep learning is rapidly advancing. Proper classification and analysis of sports videos are essential to manage the growing sports media content. It offers numerous benefits for the media, advertising, analytics, and education sectors. Soccer, also known as football, worldwide, is among the most popular sports. This research study used a deep learning-based approach for soccer action detection. Deep learning has become a popular machine learning technique, especially for image and video classification. We have used the SoccerAct dataset, which consists of ten soccer actions like corner, foul, freekick, goal kick, long pass, on …


Predictive Ai Applications For Sar Cases In The Us Coast Guard, Joshua Nelson 2024 Old Dominion University

Predictive Ai Applications For Sar Cases In The Us Coast Guard, Joshua Nelson

Cybersecurity Undergraduate Research Showcase

This paper explores the potential integration of predictive analytics AI into the United States Coast Guard's (USCG) Search and Rescue Optimal Planning System (SAROPS) for deep sea and nearshore search and rescue (SAR) operations. It begins by elucidating the concept of predictive analytics AI and its relevance in military applications, particularly in enhancing SAR procedures. The current state of SAROPS and its challenges, including complexity and accuracy issues, are outlined. By integrating predictive analytics AI into SAROPS, the paper argues for streamlined operations, reduced training burdens, and improved accuracy in locating drowning personnel. Drawing on insights from military AI applications …


Human-Machine Communication: Complete Volume. Volume 7 Special Issue: Mediatization, 2024 University of Central Florida

Human-Machine Communication: Complete Volume. Volume 7 Special Issue: Mediatization

Human-Machine Communication

This is the complete volume of HMC Volume 7. Special Issue on Mediatization


Cyber Attacks Against Industrial Control Systems, Adam Kardorff 2024 Louisiana State University

Cyber Attacks Against Industrial Control Systems, Adam Kardorff

LSU Master's Theses

Industrial Control Systems (ICS) are the foundation of our critical infrastructure, and allow for the manufacturing of the products we need. These systems monitor and control power plants, water treatment plants, manufacturing plants, and much more. The security of these systems is crucial to our everyday lives and to the safety of those working with ICS. In this thesis we examined how an attacker can take control of these systems using a power plant simulator in the Applied Cybersecurity Lab at LSU. Running experiments on a live environment can be costly and dangerous, so using a simulated environment is the …


Enhancing Information Architecture With Machine Learning For Digital Media Platforms, Taylor N. Mietzner 2024 Georgia Southern University

Enhancing Information Architecture With Machine Learning For Digital Media Platforms, Taylor N. Mietzner

Honors College Theses

Modern advancements in machine learning are transforming the technological landscape, including information architecture within user experience design. With the unparalleled amount of user data generated on online media platforms and applications, an adjustment in the design process to incorporate machine learning for categorizing the influx of semantic data while maintaining a user-centric structure is essential. Machine learning tools, such as the classification and recommendation system, need to be incorporated into the design for user experience and marketing success. There is a current gap between incorporating the backend modeling algorithms and the frontend information architecture system design together. The aim of …


Exploring Human Aging Proteins Based On Deep Autoencoders And K-Means Clustering, Sondos M. Hammad, Mohamed Talaat Saidahmed, Elsayed A. Sallam, Reda Elbasiony 2024 Computers and Automatic Control Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Tanta University, Egypt

Exploring Human Aging Proteins Based On Deep Autoencoders And K-Means Clustering, Sondos M. Hammad, Mohamed Talaat Saidahmed, Elsayed A. Sallam, Reda Elbasiony

Journal of Engineering Research

Aging significantly affects human health and the overall economy, yet understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms remains limited. Among all human genes, almost three hundred and five have been linked to human aging. While certain subsets of these genes or specific aging-related genes have been extensively studied. There has been a lack of comprehensive examination encompassing the entire set of aging-related genes. Here, the main objective is to overcome understanding based on an innovative approach that combines the capabilities of deep learning. Particularly using One-Dimensional Deep AutoEncoder (1D-DAE). Followed by the K-means clustering technique as a means of unsupervised learning. …


Blockchain Design For A Secure Pharmaceutical Supply Chain, Zhe Xu 2024 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Blockchain Design For A Secure Pharmaceutical Supply Chain, Zhe Xu

Masters Theses

In the realm of pharmaceuticals, particularly during the challenging times of the COVID-19 pandemic, the supply chain for drugs has faced significant strains. The increased demand for vaccines and therapeutics has revealed critical weaknesses in the current drug supply chain management systems. If not addressed, these challenges could lead to severe societal impacts, including the rise of counterfeit medications and diminishing trust in government authorities.

The study identified that more than the current strategies, such as the Drug Supply Chain Security Act (DSCSA) in the U.S., which focuses on unique authentication and traceability codes for prescription drugs, is needed to …


Revolutionizing Feature Selection: A Breakthrough Approach For Enhanced Accuracy And Reduced Dimensions, With Implications For Early Medical Diagnostics, Shabia Shabir Khan, Majid Shafi Kawoosa, Bonny Bannerjee, Subhash C. Chauhan, Sheema Khan 2024 Islamic University of Science and Technology

Revolutionizing Feature Selection: A Breakthrough Approach For Enhanced Accuracy And Reduced Dimensions, With Implications For Early Medical Diagnostics, Shabia Shabir Khan, Majid Shafi Kawoosa, Bonny Bannerjee, Subhash C. Chauhan, Sheema Khan

Research Symposium

Background: The system's performance may be impacted by the high-dimensional feature dataset, attributed to redundant, non-informative, or irrelevant features, commonly referred to as noise. To mitigate inefficiency and suboptimal performance, our goal is to identify the optimal and minimal set of features capable of representing the entire dataset. Consequently, the Feature Selector (Fs) serves as an operator, transforming an m-dimensional feature set into an n-dimensional feature set. This process aims to generate a filtered dataset with reduced dimensions, enhancing the algorithm's efficiency.

Methods: This paper introduces an innovative feature selection approach utilizing a genetic algorithm with an ensemble crossover operation …


Deepfake It Til You Make It: How To Make A Short Film, Adam G. Lee 2024 Olivet Nazarene University

Deepfake It Til You Make It: How To Make A Short Film, Adam G. Lee

ELAIA

A recent development in the realm of computer technology is the deepfake. Deepfakes, which train a computer model to digitally superimpose one person’s face onto another body in a separate video, has its uses for good and for ill, with the unfortunate tendency to the latter. The vast majority of deepfakes are used for pornography, most commonly depicting female celebrities as the subjects. At the less notable level, it is also often used for revenge pornography. These aspects of deepfake technology are rarely discussed in mainstream media, which tends to focus on the less harmful uses, such as those for …


Insights Into Cellular Evolution: Temporal Deep Learning Models And Analysis For Cell Image Classification, Xinran Zhao 2024 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Insights Into Cellular Evolution: Temporal Deep Learning Models And Analysis For Cell Image Classification, Xinran Zhao

Master's Theses

Understanding the temporal evolution of cells poses a significant challenge in developmental biology. This study embarks on a comparative analysis of various machine-learning techniques to classify cell colony images across different timestamps, thereby aiming to capture dynamic transitions of cellular states. By performing Transfer Learning with state-of-the-art classification networks, we achieve high accuracy in categorizing single-timestamp images. Furthermore, this research introduces the integration of temporal models, notably LSTM (Long Short Term Memory Network), R-Transformer (Recurrent Neural Network enhanced Transformer) and ViViT (Video Vision Transformer), to undertake this classification task to verify the effectiveness of incorporating temporal features into the classification …


Text Summarization, Varun Gottam, Anusha Vunnam, Purna Sarovar Puvvada 2024 Kennesaw State University

Text Summarization, Varun Gottam, Anusha Vunnam, Purna Sarovar Puvvada

Symposium of Student Scholars

The current era is known as the information era. Every day, millions of gigabytes of data are being transferred from one point to another. As the creation of data became easy, it became hard to keep track of the important points and the gist of data especially in areas such as research and news. To solve this conundrum, text summarization is introduced. This is a process of summarizing text from across different documents or large datasets such that it can be read and understood easily by both humans and machines.


Life During Wartime: Proactive Cybersecurity Is A Humanitarian Imperative, Stanley Mierzwa, Diane Rubino 2024 Kean University

Life During Wartime: Proactive Cybersecurity Is A Humanitarian Imperative, Stanley Mierzwa, Diane Rubino

Center for Cybersecurity

In brief:

  • Humanitarian agencies responding to conflict face massive challenges in distributing aid. Cyberattacks add to that burden.
  • This short overview, tailored for non-technical leaders, demystifies the process and equips clouds security experts to proactively champion cloud security at non-profits, and non-governmental organizations.

Proactive Cybersecurity is a Humanitarian Imperative | CSA (cloudsecurityalliance.org)


Multi-Perspective Analysis For Derivative Financial Product Prediction With Stacked Recurrent Neural Networks, Natural Language Processing And Large Language Model, Ethan Lo 2024 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Multi-Perspective Analysis For Derivative Financial Product Prediction With Stacked Recurrent Neural Networks, Natural Language Processing And Large Language Model, Ethan Lo

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This study developed a multi-perspective, AI-powered model for predicting E-Mini S&P 500 Index Futures prices, tackling the challenging market dynamics of these derivative financial instruments. Leveraging FinBERT for analysis of Wall Street Journal data alongside technical indicators, trader positioning, and economic factors, my stacked recurrent neural network built with LSTMs and GRUs achieves significantly improved accuracy compared to single sub-models. Furthermore, ChatGPT generation of human-readable analysis reports demonstrates the feasibility of using large language models in financial analysis. This research pioneers the use of stacked RNNs and LLMs for multi-perspective financial analysis, offering a novel blueprint for automated prediction and …


The Role Of Artificial Intelligence In Determining The Criminal Fingerprint, Saeed Al Matrooshi 2024 Journal of Police and Legal Sciences

The Role Of Artificial Intelligence In Determining The Criminal Fingerprint, Saeed Al Matrooshi

Journal of Police and Legal Sciences

The research aimed to identify the motives and justifications for the use of artificial intelligence in predicting crimes, to explain the challenges of artificial intelligence algorithms, the risks of bias and their ethical rules, and to highlight the role of artificial intelligence in identifying the criminal fingerprint during the detection of crimes. The research relied on the analytical approach, for the purpose of identifying the motives and justifications for the use of intelligence. Artificial intelligence in crime detection, explaining the challenges of artificial intelligence algorithms, their risks of bias, and ethical rules, and exploring how artificial intelligence technology can hopefully …


The Aim To Decentralize Economic Systems With Blockchains And Crypto, Mary Lacity 2024 The Sam M. Walton College of Business at the University of Arkansas

The Aim To Decentralize Economic Systems With Blockchains And Crypto, Mary Lacity

Arkansas Law Review

As an information systems (“IS”) professor, I wrote this Article for legal professionals new to blockchains and crypto. This target audience likely is most interested in crypto for its legal implications—depending on whether it functions as currencies, securities, commodities, or properties; however, legal professionals also need to understand crypto’s origin, how transactions work, and how they are governed.


Securing Edge Computing: A Hierarchical Iot Service Framework, Sajan Poudel, Nishar Miya, Rasib Khan 2024 Northern Kentucky University

Securing Edge Computing: A Hierarchical Iot Service Framework, Sajan Poudel, Nishar Miya, Rasib Khan

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Title: Securing Edge Computing: A Hierarchical IoT Service Framework

Authors: Nishar Miya, Sajan Poudel, Faculty Advisor: Rasib Khan, Ph.D.

Department: School of Computing and Analytics, College of Informatics, Northern Kentucky University

Abstract:

Edge computing, a paradigm shift in data processing, faces a critical challenge: ensuring security in a landscape marked by decentralization, distributed nodes, and a myriad of devices. These factors make traditional security measures inadequate, as they cannot effectively address the unique vulnerabilities of edge environments. Our research introduces a hierarchical framework that excels in securing IoT-based edge services against these inherent risks.

Our secure by design approach prioritizes …


Dp-Smote: Integrating Differential Privacy And Oversampling Technique To Preserve Privacy In Smart Homes, Amr Tarek Elsayed, Almohammady Sobhi Alsharkawy, Mohamed Sayed Farag, Shaban Ebrahim Abu Yusuf 2024 Computer Science Department, Faculty of Science (Boys), Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

Dp-Smote: Integrating Differential Privacy And Oversampling Technique To Preserve Privacy In Smart Homes, Amr Tarek Elsayed, Almohammady Sobhi Alsharkawy, Mohamed Sayed Farag, Shaban Ebrahim Abu Yusuf

Al-Azhar Bulletin of Science

Smart homes represent intelligent environments where interconnected devices gather information, enhancing users’ living experiences by ensuring comfort, safety, and efficient energy management. To enhance the quality of life, companies in the smart device industry collect user data, including activities, preferences, and power consumption. However, sharing such data necessitates privacy-preserving practices. This paper introduces a robust method for secure sharing of data to service providers, grounded in differential privacy (DP). This empowers smart home residents to contribute usage statistics while safeguarding their privacy. The approach incorporates the Synthetic Minority Oversampling technique (SMOTe) and seamlessly integrates Gaussian noise to generate synthetic data, …


Promise And Limitations Of Supervised Optimal Transport-Based Graph Summarization Via Information Theoretic Measures, Sepideh Neshatfar 2023 University of Maine

Promise And Limitations Of Supervised Optimal Transport-Based Graph Summarization Via Information Theoretic Measures, Sepideh Neshatfar

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Graph summarization is a fundamental problem in the field of data analysis, aiming to distill extensive graph datasets into more manageable, yet informative representations. The challenge lies in creating compressed graphs that faithfully retain crucial structural information for downstream tasks. A recent advancement in this domain introduces an optimal transport-based framework that enables the incorporation of a priori knowledge regarding the importance of nodes, edges, and attributes during the graph summarization process. However, the statistical properties of this innovative framework remain largely unexplored. This master's thesis embarks on a comprehensive exploration of the field of graph summarization, with a particular …


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