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Alienated Politics: Labour Insurgency And The Paternalistic State In China, Eli D. Friedman 2014 Cornell University

Alienated Politics: Labour Insurgency And The Paternalistic State In China, Eli D. Friedman

Articles and Chapters

Is there a labour movement in China? This contribution argues that China does not have a labour movement, but that contestation between workers, state and capital is best characterized as a form of ‘alienated politics’. Widespread worker resistance is highly effective at the level of the firm be-cause of its ability to inflict losses on capital and disrupt public order. But authoritarian politics in China prevent workers from formulating political demands. Despite the spectacular repressive capacity of the state, the central government has in fact responded to highly localized resistance by passing generally pro-labour legislation over the past decade. The ...


Unionization And Income Inequality: The Impact Of Labor Union Participation On Income Inequality In The United States, Terence Finnigan 2014 Union College - Schenectady, NY

Unionization And Income Inequality: The Impact Of Labor Union Participation On Income Inequality In The United States, Terence Finnigan

Honors Theses

Using Current Population Survey data in the period from 1996 -2011, this paper analyzes the relationship between labor union participation and income inequality in each of the 50 U.S. states. Since the 1970s the income gap in the United States has grown steadily and today the United States is the most unequal of all OECD countries (with the exception of Mexico and Turkey). In the past ten years alone, the disposable income for middle class families in the United States has shrank by a figure of 4 percent. In addition to rising income inequality, labor union participation has been ...


Comparing Mandatory Arbitration And Litigation: Access, Process, And Outcomes, Alexander Colvin, Mark D. Gough 2014 Cornell University

Comparing Mandatory Arbitration And Litigation: Access, Process, And Outcomes, Alexander Colvin, Mark D. Gough

Research Studies and Reports

[Excerpt] What do we know about mandatory arbitration and its impact? Some existing studies have examined samples of employment arbitration cases, usually obtained from the American Arbitration Association (AAA), which is currently the largest arbitration service provider in the employment area. Although some early studies found relatively high employee win rates and damage awards in arbitration, comparable to those in litigation, these results were mainly based on arbitration under individually negotiated agreements or in the securities industry and involved relatively highly paid individuals. More recent studies using larger samples of cases based on mandatory arbitration agreements find much lower employee ...


Economic Development And Sectoral Unions In China, Eli D. Friedman 2014 Cornell University

Economic Development And Sectoral Unions In China, Eli D. Friedman

Articles and Chapters

Drawing on qualitative fieldwork in China’s Guangdong and Zhejiang Provinces, the author asks how post-socialist unions respond to worker unrest and why the development of sectoral-level bargaining has been uneven in different regions of China. While Zhejiang has had relative success in establishing the organizational infrastructure for sectoral bargaining, Guangdong has had little success despite ongoing attempts by unions. The author explains variation in sectoral-level bargaining through an analysis of the different models of economic development, which are characterized as local entrepreneurialism and global integration for Zhejiang and Guangdong, respectively. Despite having different organizational forms, unions in both places ...


Sports, Inc. Volume 6, Issue 2, ILR Cornell Sports Business Society 2014 Cornell University ILR School

Sports, Inc. Volume 6, Issue 2, Ilr Cornell Sports Business Society

Sports, Inc.

The ILR Cornell Sports Business Society magazine is a semester publication titled Sports, Inc. This publication serves as a space for our membership to publish and feature in-depth research and well-thought out ideas to advance the world of sport. The magazine can be found in the Office of Student Services and is distributed to alumni who come visit us on campus. Issues are reproduced here with permission of the ILR Cornell Sports Business Society.


The Changing Nature Of Labor Unrest In China, Manfred Elfstrom, Sarosh Kuruvilla 2014 Cornell University

The Changing Nature Of Labor Unrest In China, Manfred Elfstrom, Sarosh Kuruvilla

Articles and Chapters

A qualitative shift is underway in the nature of labor protest in China. Contrary to prior literature that characterized strikes as being largely defensive in nature, the authors suggest that since 2008, Chinese workers have been striking offensively for more money, better working conditions, and more respect from employers. They explain these developments using a “political process” model that suggests economic and political opportunities are sending “cognitive cues” to workers that they have increased leverage, leading them to be more assertive in their demands. Such cues include a growing labor shortage, new labor laws, and new media openness. Their argument ...


Appraisal Of Petroleum Technology Development Fund (Ptdf) Mandates On Human Capacity Development In Nigeria; Benefits For Nigerian Youths, Olukunle Saheed Oludeyi, Samuel Olutokunbo Adekalu 2014 Tai Solarin University of Education, Ogun State, Nigeria

Appraisal Of Petroleum Technology Development Fund (Ptdf) Mandates On Human Capacity Development In Nigeria; Benefits For Nigerian Youths, Olukunle Saheed Oludeyi, Samuel Olutokunbo Adekalu

Olukunle Saheed, OLUDEYI

The need for Human Resources Development vis-a-vis Career Development (CD), Training and Development (TD) and Organization Development (OD) is constantly increasing with intense rapidity across the globe. Today, Nigerian government agencies, organizations, and NGOs invest in developing human capacity to meet up with global challenges. This paper discusses the roles of Petroleum Technology Development Fund (PTDF) in the development of human resources for Nigeria. It examines its progress and success in partnering with the local and international organizations/institutions in training Nigerian youths to fill the gaps in Nigeria oil and gas industries. Using secondary information with discourse analysis of ...


Choosing Union Representation: The Role Of Attitudes And Emotions, Adrienne E. Eaton, Sean Rogers Ph.D., Tracy F. H. Chang, Paula B. Voos 2014 Rutgers University

Choosing Union Representation: The Role Of Attitudes And Emotions, Adrienne E. Eaton, Sean Rogers Ph.D., Tracy F. H. Chang, Paula B. Voos

Articles and Chapters

In the United States, most unions are recognized by a majority vote of employees through union representation elections administered by the government. Most empirical studies of individual voting behavior during union representation elections use a rational choice model. Recently, however, some have posited that voting is often influenced by emotions. We evaluate competing hypotheses about the determinants of union voting behavior by using data collected from a 2010 representation election at Delta Air Lines, a US-based company. In addition to the older rational choice framework, multiple regression results provide support for an emotional choice model. Positive feelings toward the employer ...


The Wagner Model And International Freedom Of Association Standards, Lance A. Compa 2014 Cornell University

The Wagner Model And International Freedom Of Association Standards, Lance A. Compa

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] I first met Pierre Verge just before beginning my service with the NAFTA labour commission in 1995. Not long after that, Pierre Verge and my own labour law professor at Yale in 1972, Clyde Summers, jointly wrote a penetrating evaluation of the first years of the NAFTA labour side accord, which still serves as the best single analysis of that seminal but flawed instrument linking labour standards and a trade agreement (Summers, Verge and Medina, 1998; Verge, 1999; Verge, 2002). Since then, my understanding of international labour standards and how they relate to labour law in North America has ...


Las Funciones Del Sindicato En Un Mundo Globalizado, Antonio Ojeda-Avilés 2014 International University of Andalusia at Seville

Las Funciones Del Sindicato En Un Mundo Globalizado, Antonio Ojeda-Avilés

Global Scholarship Collection

In these times national unions seem to be out of breath under the wave of globalization, on which multinational firms surf quite well. But this is a false perception nowadays, when global unions begin to appear everywhere discussing, orienting and bargaining with their counterparts. The essay reflects about several types of unions’ intervention in the global scenario: international coordination of a global counterpart; transnational solidarity; incorporation to a judicial solution; transnational collective bargaining; and transnational mediation and arbitration. All five types of activities become presented under a significant case, not always finished with a unions victory.


Annexe: Les Jours De Grèves En 2012 Et 2013, Kurt Vandaele 2014 ETUI

Annexe: Les Jours De Grèves En 2012 Et 2013, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

Ce Courrier hebdomadaire est consacré aux conflits qui ont marqué l’actualité belge en 2013. Particulièrement significatifs par rapport à l’histoire sociale et aux enjeux futurs, ceux-ci sont regroupés en six chapitres : la conflictualité sociale interprofessionnelle (en ce compris celle suscitée par l’épineux dossier de l’harmonisation des statuts d’employé et d’ouvrier), la restructuration de l’entreprise de construction d’engins de génie civil Caterpillar à Gosselies, la fermeture de divers outils de la firme sidérurgique ArcelorMittal en région liégeoise, le secteur aérien (Swissport, Belgocontrol, Brussels Airlines), les transports en commun (à travers les cas de ...


Book Reviews. Global Anti-Unionism. Nature, Dynamics, Trajectories And Outcomes (Edited Gregor Gall And Tony Dundon), Kurt Vandaele 2014 ETUI

Book Reviews. Global Anti-Unionism. Nature, Dynamics, Trajectories And Outcomes (Edited Gregor Gall And Tony Dundon), Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

No abstract provided.


Undermining Mobilization? The Effect Of Job Flexibility And Job Instability On The Willingness To Strike, Kurt Vandaele 2014 University of Twente

Undermining Mobilization? The Effect Of Job Flexibility And Job Instability On The Willingness To Strike, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

This article addresses the question of whether, and to what extent job flexibility is detrimental to mobilization with regard to the willingness to take part in industrial action. The authors examine the influence of job flexibility (‘standard’ versus ‘non-standard’ work) and job instability (changes from one job to another) on employees’ willingness to strike. Based on Dutch survey data it is shown that only minor differences exist between ‘standard’ and ‘non-standard’ employees in their willingness to participate in a strike. While this study did not establish a major direct effect of job flexibility on strike participation, tests of interaction effects ...


Labor Guide To Labor Law, Bruce S. Feldacker, Michael J. Hayes 2014 Saint Louis University

Labor Guide To Labor Law, Bruce S. Feldacker, Michael J. Hayes

Book Samples

[Excerpt] This book is a practical guide to labor law in the private sector. The first 8 chapters present a discussion of legal principles primarily based on the Labor Management Relations Act (LMRA), 1947, as amended, commonly referred to as the “Act.” The remaining chapters discuss principles based on the Labor Management Reporting and Disclosure Act and the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended, as well as on the LMRA.


Songs Of The Factory: Pop Music, Culture, And Resistance, Marek Korczynski 2014 Nottingham University

Songs Of The Factory: Pop Music, Culture, And Resistance, Marek Korczynski

Book Samples

Having made the case for an ethnographic study of how workers hear and use music, I now turn to connect the topic to bigger questions within industrial sociology, musicology, and cultural studies—questions regarding the nature of popular music in contemporary society, and questions regarding the links between workplace cultures and workplace resistance. In examining these questions, I use Small’s (1998) term “musicking” to denote social practices that involve music. For Small, whenever we are playing music, singing, listening to it, dancing to it, or writing it, we are musicking. Despite the broadness of this concept, so far most ...


Mandatory Arbitration And Inequality Of Justice In Employment, Alexander Colvin 2014 Cornell University

Mandatory Arbitration And Inequality Of Justice In Employment, Alexander Colvin

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] In this Paper, I will examine the operation of mandatory arbitration as an employment dispute resolution system to investigate the degree to which it increases or decreases equality of access to justice in employment relations. To address this question, I will use a model of individual employment relations that encompasses four key components.

The first component is the structure of rights held by employees. This includes the substantive employment rights provided by federal or state law. It also includes the institutional structure of procedures for enforcement of these rights, such as the incidence and structure of mandatory arbitration procedures ...


An Overview Of Collective Bargaining In The United States, Lance A. Compa 2014 Cornell University

An Overview Of Collective Bargaining In The United States, Lance A. Compa

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] American history reflects a long cycle of trade union decline and growth. Analysts routinely predict the death of the labor movement. (Yeselson 2012). Heralds of labor’s demise often argue that unions were needed in the past, but modem, enlightened management and the need for economic competitiveness make them obsolete. (Troy 1999). But then, workers fed up with employers’ exploitation decide to find new ways to defend themselves.

History does not repeat itself, and conditions now are not the same as those spurring the great organizing drives of the 1930s and ‘40s. Still, American workers have shown deep resourcefulness ...


Brand Attack: How To Avoid Becoming The Target Of A Corporate Campaign And What Actions To Take If You Do, Baker & McKenzie 2014 Cornell University ILR School

Brand Attack: How To Avoid Becoming The Target Of A Corporate Campaign And What Actions To Take If You Do, Baker & Mckenzie

Law Firms

[Exerpt] When you mention the words “unionization campaign,” most people think of picket lines, strikes and collective bargaining tables. Although they sometimes make headlines, labor disputes have traditionally been somewhat private affairs between companies and their employees about internal issues like better wages, benefits, hours and overall working conditions.

Not anymore.

Today’s unionization campaigns are more appropriately called “corporate campaigns” because they are orchestrated not just by trade unions, but NGOs, community leaders, politicians and religious groups. They attack the brand, not just the company; they target top executives and shareholders; and they focus on human rights violations — issues ...


New Labor In New York: Precarious Workers And The Future Of The Labor Movement, Ruth Milkman (Ed.), Ed Ott (Ed.) 2014 City University of New York

New Labor In New York: Precarious Workers And The Future Of The Labor Movement, Ruth Milkman (Ed.), Ed Ott (Ed.)

Book Samples

[Excerpt] This book includes thirteen case studies of recent efforts by both unions and worker centers to organize the unorganized in the New York City metropolitan area. Home to some of the first U.S. worker centers and to thirty-seven of the 214 that exist nationwide at this writing, New York has the single largest concentration of this new form of labor organizing.1 In recent years, as part 4 of this volume documents, New York also has become a launching pad for efforts to expand the scale of worker centers by building national organizations, such as the TWAOC. However ...


Lessons From The Nba Lockout: Union Democracy, Public Support, And The Folly Of The National Basketball Players Association, Matthew J. Parlow 2013 Chapman University Dale E. Fowler School of Law

Lessons From The Nba Lockout: Union Democracy, Public Support, And The Folly Of The National Basketball Players Association, Matthew J. Parlow

Matthew Parlow

By most accounts, the National Basketball Players Association (NBPA) — the union representing the players in the NBA — conceded a significant amount of money and other contractual terms in the new ten-year collective bargaining agreement (2011 Agreement) that ended the 2011 NBA lockout. Player concessions were predictable because the NBA’s economic structure desperately needed an overhaul. The magnitude of such concessions, however, was startling. The substantial changes in the division of basketball-related income, contract lengths and amounts, salary cap provisions, and revenue sharing rendered the NBA lockout — and the resulting 2011 Agreement — a near-complete victory for the owners. Several interpretations ...


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