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International and Comparative Labor Relations Commons

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The Past And The Present: Two Paradigms Of The Sino-African Investment, Emma Weirich 2020 University of Puget Sound

The Past And The Present: Two Paradigms Of The Sino-African Investment, Emma Weirich

International Political Economy Theses

Outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) has obvious economic and political connections between the recipient and donor countries. Such investment can benefit both sides and carry certain costs to both, whether through global scrutiny or domestic struggles. This these seeks to add to the ongoing discussion of China's OFDI to Africa by comparing China's investment during its socialist period (1949-1976) and its post-socialist era (1977 – present). This comparison reveals that China's foreign policy has transitioned from a socialist paradigm to a capitalist one in the last seven decades, which brought significant changes in its OFDI policies and practice ...


Healthcare Systems In Ethiopia, Hawarit Mohammed 2020 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Healthcare Systems In Ethiopia, Hawarit Mohammed

Augustana Center for the Study of Ethics Essay Contest

No abstract provided.


Perils Of Road Freight Market Deregulation: Cabotage In The European Union, Henrik S. Sternberg, Erik Hofmann, Robert E. Overstreet 2020 Iowa State University

Perils Of Road Freight Market Deregulation: Cabotage In The European Union, Henrik S. Sternberg, Erik Hofmann, Robert E. Overstreet

Supply Chain Management Publications

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the impacts of the ongoing freight market deregulation in the European Union (EU). Specifically, this case study focuses on cabotage penetration rates in Germany, the largest logistics market in Europe. In light of the upcoming trade barriers, we intend to move this topic forward by emphasising its interdisciplinary nature.

Design/methodology/approach Based on the analysis of Eurostat data, expert interviews and a review of related literature, we elaborate and discuss four propositions related to the factors affecting cabotage penetration, future cabotage levels and the effects on modal split and empty ...


After The Social Crisis: The Transformation Of Employment Relations At France Télécom, Virginia Doellgast, Maxime Bellego, Elisa Pannini 2020 Cornell University

After The Social Crisis: The Transformation Of Employment Relations At France Télécom, Virginia Doellgast, Maxime Bellego, Elisa Pannini

Articles and Chapters

This article contributes to debates on the conditions for strengthening collective worker voice in financialized organizations. It examines change in employment relations at France Télécom/Orange (FT) following a social crisis associated with employee suicides in 2007-2009. FT’s labor unions developed creative approaches to study and publicize the negative effects of employment restructuring on workers’ psychosocial health. The common framing they developed became a source of ‘communicative power’, used to influence how the suicides were interpreted both within the firm and in the media. This power was deployed to encourage substantive social dialogue that institutionalized worker participation in management ...


Features Of The Ilo Activities In Uzbekistan, Z. D. Turanazarova 2020 University of World Economy and Diplomacy

Features Of The Ilo Activities In Uzbekistan, Z. D. Turanazarova

International Relations: Politics, Economics, Law

The article researches the processes associated with globalization which brings a number of problems, but the most common ones are migration and human trafficking and some of them become victims of forced labor in search of greener pastures. Based on the data studied it is necessary to take into account innovative processes that contributed to decision-making and a systematic approach to this problem. A wide range of problems affect the peace and security of states and the international community both. A specific tool for solving problems are as governments as international organizations. They unite states to prevent political, economic and ...


The Geographies Of Intermediation: Labor Intermediaries, Labor Migration, And Cane Harvesting In Rural Western India, Pronoy Rai 2020 Portland State University

The Geographies Of Intermediation: Labor Intermediaries, Labor Migration, And Cane Harvesting In Rural Western India, Pronoy Rai

International & Global Studies Faculty Publications and Presentations

In this paper, I explain the role of labor intermediaries in the weaving of capital–labor relations in capitalist agro-business. I do so by focusing on migration infrastructure or the vertical network of labor intermediaries who facilitate labor recruitment from migrant home villages and migrant labor disciplining on cane fields in rural western India, where the laborers are brought seasonally to harvest sugarcane. I show how the role of labor intermediaries cannot be understood by containing them within the villainous stereotypes associated with brokers. Intermediaries are embedded within the labor geographies of commodity production where capital accumulation requires the downward ...


Motivating Factors For Workers And Platforms In The South African Gig Economy., Cristina Pogorevici, Thulo Serobe 2020 University of Pennsylvania

Motivating Factors For Workers And Platforms In The South African Gig Economy., Cristina Pogorevici, Thulo Serobe

Social Impact Research Experience (SIRE)

This paper aims to analyze how employee benefits, working conditions, and compensation affect the decision-making processes of two major players in the gig economy: the worker and the technology platform. Data, literature reviews, and academic papers were used to analyze the positive and negative attributes of gig work globally, the South African legislative and regulatory environment pertaining to the gig economy, and the motivations of gig platforms.

Much of the secondary research pointed to the fact that gig workers universally face potentially worse working conditions than their traditionally-employed counterparts, there has been a decline in the South African worker’s ...


Failed Policy As Seen In The Solar Trade War, Emma Weirich 2019 University of Puget Sound

Failed Policy As Seen In The Solar Trade War, Emma Weirich

Economics Theses

Increasing protectionist policies in the United States have attempted to protect solar manufacturing jobs; however, they have created negative repercussions for the majority of the industry. This paper aims to analyze the 2018 30% US tariff on all imported photovoltaic cells and modules and whether or not it has been an effective policy to protect and encourage the solar industry. To do so, the paper will analyze similar tariffs enacted in 2012 and 2014 by the United States to understand how the tariffs have been impacting the solar energy’s labor market and photovoltaic module and cell price fluctuations. By ...


Income Disparities Between Levels Of Management Within The Workplace In The Us, Cerlyn K. Ellis 2019 CUNY New York City College of Technology

Income Disparities Between Levels Of Management Within The Workplace In The Us, Cerlyn K. Ellis

Publications and Research

The continuous rise of inequality particularly in the growing concentration of income at the top level of distribution in the United States has become a great focus of assessment for economists and policy makers. Skilled workers struggle to improve their income compensation by integrating higher level of schooling with on-the-job experience to boost their opportunity and gain the edge in this competitive labor market. Understanding the factors behind this phenomenon is essential to determine whether policy action is needed to reduce income inequality while taking into account other policy objectives. Since the problem won’t be solved without understanding the ...


Day Worker Center: Employer And Client Engagement, Anayeli Avalos 2019 California State University, Monterey Bay

Day Worker Center: Employer And Client Engagement, Anayeli Avalos

Capstone Projects and Master's Theses

The Day Worker Center of Santa Cruz County is a component of the Community Action Board (CAB), a non-profit organization that has been providing services to eliminate poverty. CAB offers the program, administrative, and fiscal oversight to the Day Worker Center. The County of Santa Cruz is facing a high rate of unemployment, which is affecting the community. What contributes to the problem is low awareness of community knowledge about employment services. Also, the undocumented community that finds it hard to trust services because they think they can get deported. In addition, the issue can cause consequences such as health ...


Jewish Time Jump: New York, Owen Gottlieb 2019 Rochester Institute of Technology

Jewish Time Jump: New York, Owen Gottlieb

Articles

Jewish Time Jump: New York (Gottlieb & Ash, 2013) is a place-based mobile augmented reality game and simulation that takes the form of a situated documentary. Players take on the role of time traveling reporters tracking down a story “lost to time” to bring back to their editor at the Jewish Time Jump Gazette. The game is played in Washington Square Park in Greenwich Village, New York City. Players’ iPhones become their time traveling device and companion. Based on the player’s GPS location, players receive digital images from their location from over a hundred years in the past as well ...


Implementation Of The Maritime Labour Convention, 2006: Angola As A Case Study, Jandira Camilo Mendes 2019 World Maritime University

Implementation Of The Maritime Labour Convention, 2006: Angola As A Case Study, Jandira Camilo Mendes

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Investigating The Implementation Of The Isps Code In The Republic Of Azerbaijan, Natig Hasanov, Mohamed Farhan Alsulaiman 2019 World Maritime University

Investigating The Implementation Of The Isps Code In The Republic Of Azerbaijan, Natig Hasanov, Mohamed Farhan Alsulaiman

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Flag State Assessment Of Compliance And Enforcement Of The Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 In Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Tyson Winston Haynes 2019 World Maritime University

A Flag State Assessment Of Compliance And Enforcement Of The Maritime Labour Convention, 2006 In Saint Vincent And The Grenadines, Tyson Winston Haynes

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


2019 Annual Platform Survey: Tackling Undeclared In The Collaborative Economy And Bogus Self-Employment, Data Exchange And Data Protection, And Cross-Border Sanctions, Colin C. Williams 2019 University of Sheffield

2019 Annual Platform Survey: Tackling Undeclared In The Collaborative Economy And Bogus Self-Employment, Data Exchange And Data Protection, And Cross-Border Sanctions, Colin C. Williams

Colin C Williams

This survey collected information from EU Member States, as well as Iceland and Norway, on three issues:
 Tackling undeclared work in the collaborative economy and bogus self-employment.
 Data exchange and data protection.
 Cross-border sanctions.
Of the 28 Platform members from EU Member States as well as Iceland and Norway, 28 out of 30 responses were received. In addition, the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) provided qualitative feedback on the role of social partners and their cooperation with enforcement authorities to tackle undeclared work in the areas covered by the survey.


The Oppressive Pressures Of Globalization And Neoliberalism On Mexican Maquiladora Garment Workers, Jenna Demeter 2019 The University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Oppressive Pressures Of Globalization And Neoliberalism On Mexican Maquiladora Garment Workers, Jenna Demeter

Pursuit - The Journal of Undergraduate Research at the University of Tennessee

The international economic trends of globalization and neoliberalism have exposed and enabled the exploitation of Mexican workers, especially women in the maquiladora garment industry. During the 1950s, globalization gave rise to the new international division of labor and transnational corporations (TNCs) that have offshored labor-intensive phases of production to developing countries, many of which have pursued export-led industrialization. Export processing in Mexico was encouraged in the 1960s by Item 807 of the U.S. Tariff Code and Mexico’s Border Industrialization Program. Especially following the Latin American debt crisis of the 1980s, advanced capitalist countries and International Financial Institutions foisted ...


Shadows: Tackling Undeclared Work In The European Union, Ioana Horodnic, Colin C. Williams 2019 University of Sheffield

Shadows: Tackling Undeclared Work In The European Union, Ioana Horodnic, Colin C. Williams

Colin C Williams

Across the member states of the European Union and beyond, paid transactions are occuring that are not declared to the state for tax, social security or labour law purposes. The practice is not a minority one. As a result, tackling undeclared work has become a core issue on the policy agendas of both governments and the European Commission, reflected in the establishment of the European Platform Tackling Undeclared Work. 
How, therefore, can undeclared work be tackled? A review of the literature indicates two major distinct approaches. First, a rational economic actor approach that tackles undeclared work by ensuring that the ...


When Diversity Becomes A Problem, Singapore Management University 2019 Singapore Management University

When Diversity Becomes A Problem, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

While diversity encourages creativity, it can form faultlines and divide teams. How to manage faultlines is vital for organisational success


Are Fair Wages Possible In The Palm Oil Industry?, Singapore Management University 2019 Singapore Management University

Are Fair Wages Possible In The Palm Oil Industry?, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

Foreign workers make up the bulk of Malaysia’s palm oil industry but many are not paid a ‘decent living wage’


Brain Drain And Emigration: How Do They Affect Source Countries?, Nicholas Chura 2019 The University of Akron

Brain Drain And Emigration: How Do They Affect Source Countries?, Nicholas Chura

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

This paper examines the effect of different skill levels of emigration on a country’s labor market, from high skill brain drain to low skill emigration. By utilizing an IADB Brain Drain data set to measure emigration rates among those with low, medium, and high educational attainment in a country, the effect of brain drain vs. low skill emigration on productivity and unemployment is examined. These data span from 1980 to 2010 with measurements every five years for 195 World Bank countries. By utilizing two two-way fixed effects models with GDP per capita and unemployment rate as the dependent variables ...


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