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Context, Coalitions, And Organizing: Immigrant Labor Rights Advocacy In San Francisco And Houston, Shannon Gleeson, Els de Graauw 2018 Cornell University

Context, Coalitions, And Organizing: Immigrant Labor Rights Advocacy In San Francisco And Houston, Shannon Gleeson, Els De Graauw

Shannon Gleeson

[Excerpt] In the pages that follow, we first situate immigrant labor rights struggles in scholarship on the “right to the city.” We then present San Francisco and Houston, focusing on their immigration histories, current demographic profiles, and contexts for advancing immigrant labor rights. We next describe the parallel types of organizations that have advocated for stronger wage and labor rights in San Francisco and Houston and the similar principles that have motivated them to advocate with local government. In discussing the wage and labor rights campaigns in each city, we draw out key differences in the policy changes that advocates ...


From Rights To Claims: The Role Of Civil Society In Making Rights Real For Vulnerable Workers, Shannon Gleeson 2018 Cornell University

From Rights To Claims: The Role Of Civil Society In Making Rights Real For Vulnerable Workers, Shannon Gleeson

Shannon Gleeson

This article examines the contextual factors driving legal mobilization of workers in the United States through an analysis of national origin discrimination charges under Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act (2000-2005). Consistent with previous studies, this analysis confirms that high unemployment levels and weak labor protections promote legal mobilization. The findings also highlight the positive role that civil society may play in promoting claims-making. I argue that nongovernmental organizations fill the gap in places where organized labor is weak, and may help support claims-making particularly in places with a larger vulnerable workforce. The article concludes by offering suggestions ...


تخلف استانی کردن تشکل های صنفی فرهنگیان توسط وزارت کشور روحانی, Mohammad Khaksari 2017 Teacher's Pen (Iranian Independent Education Journal)

تخلف استانی کردن تشکل های صنفی فرهنگیان توسط وزارت کشور روحانی, Mohammad Khaksari

Mohammad Khaksari


موضوع: تخلف وزرات کشور با استانی کردن تشکل های فرهنگیان

متاسفانه استانی شدن تشکل های فرهنگیان به این معنا است که فقط و فقط مرکز استان می تواند تشکل فرهنگیان داشته باشد و شهرستان ها حق برخورداری از «تشکل مستقل» را ندارند. یعنی از منظر آقایان هر استان  فقط می تواند یک تشکل فرهنگیان داشته باشد. وزرات کشور آقای روحانی طی 5 سال فعالیت خود به دنبال «محدود کردن» تشکل های فرهنگیان بوده است. مدت 4 سال دولت ایشان اجازه مجامع عمومی به تشکل های فرهنگیان نداد. (همکاران به خاطر دارند که پس از 4 سال، بالاخره در تاریخ 14 ...


اعتراض به پلمپ کانون صنفی فرهنگیان قزوین, Mohammad Khaksari 2017 Teacher's Pen (Iranian Independent Education Journal)

اعتراض به پلمپ کانون صنفی فرهنگیان قزوین, Mohammad Khaksari

Mohammad Khaksari


موضوع: اعتراض به پلمپ کانون صنفی فرهنگیان قزوین 

سلام همکاران فرهنگی، متاسفانه در این روزها شبکه های اجتماعی خبر از پلمپ شدن کانون صنفی فرهنگیان قزوین را به اطلاع فرهنگیان ایران رسانده اند. لذا لازم دیدم که خاطر همکاران را به این موضوع جلب کنم که طبق قانون احزاب خود وزارت کشور، هیچ تشکلی را نمی توان لغو مجوز یا پلمپ کرد مگر از طریق حکم دادگاه صالحه. پس لازم است که همه ما آگاه باشیم که وزرات کشور قانونا (حتی با قانون خودشان) نمی توانسته کانون صنفی فرهنگیان قزوین را پلمپ کند و استانداری قزوین خلاف قانون و خودسرانه ...


پیام تسلیت به بازماندگان زلزله کرمانشاه و حلبچه, Mohammad Khaksari 2017 Teacher's Pen (Iranian Independent Education Journal)

پیام تسلیت به بازماندگان زلزله کرمانشاه و حلبچه, Mohammad Khaksari

Mohammad Khaksari


موضوع: پیام تسلیت به بازماندگان زلزله کرمانشاه و حلبچه 

ژاپنی ها می گویند: «زلزله آدم ها را نمی کشد، این ساختمان های غیر استاندارد هستند که آدم می کشند!» همان طور که بارها خوانده ایم و شنیده ایم، در کشور ژاپن مرتب زلزله می آید از 5 ریشتر گرفته تا 9 ریشتر هم آمده است، اما می بینیم کمترین تلفات را دارند. علت اش هم این است که ساختمان هایشان استاندارد هستند و حتی همان خانه هایشان که از چوب و اسفنج ساخته می شوند. 
اما متاسفانه در کشور ما نظام مهندسی و نهادهای نظارت کننده بر «کیفیت ساختمان» ها ...


کاهش مشارکت در کانون صنفی معلمان, Mohammad Khaksari 2017 Teacher's Pen (Iranian Independent Education Journal)

کاهش مشارکت در کانون صنفی معلمان, Mohammad Khaksari

Mohammad Khaksari


موضوع: کاهش مشارکت در کانون صنفی معلمان 

سلام همکاران فرهنگی، کانون صنفی معلمان از زمان تاسیس در سال 78 فراز و نشیب های بسیاری داشته است. نقطه عطف کانون صنفی معلمان سال 85 در تجمعات معلمان روبروی مجلس بود و نقطه نزول آن در سال 86 بود با اشتباه استراتژیک برخی از اعضای هیات مدیره برای ورود به قدرت گیری سیاسی و کاندید مجلس هشتم شدن. همچنین بعد از آن با ورود آقایان به کار تجاری، ریزش اعضا در کانون صنفی معلمان شروع شد. ورود به قدرت سیاسی برای تشکل های صنفی مانند «سم مهلک» می ماند!‌ چراکه معلمان احساس ...


سالروز تولد دکتر عبدالفتاح سلطانی, Mohammad Khaksari 2017 Teacher's Pen (Iranian Independent Education Journal)

سالروز تولد دکتر عبدالفتاح سلطانی, Mohammad Khaksari

Mohammad Khaksari


موضوع: سالروز تولد وکیل معلمان ایران، دکتر عبدالفتاح سلطانی 
سلام همکاران فرهنگی، روز 11 آبان ماه مصادف است با سالروز تولد وکیل خستگی ناپذیر معلمان ایران زمین، دکتر عبدالفتاح سلطانی. آقای سلطانی در کارنامه درخشان کاری شان، سابقه 5 سال تدریس در آموزش و پرورش استان سمنان را به همراه دارند. همچنین همسر صبور و شجاع ایشان خانم دهقان از همکار فرهنگی همه ما هستند و از خانم های فعالان صنفی بوده اند. دکتر عبدالفتاح سلطانی حق بزرگی بر گردن معلمان ایران دارند. ایشان در شرایطی که مرتب از طرف نیروی امنیتی در سال 86 تهدید می شدند، وکالت معلمان ...


Saying Goodbye To Unions In Higher Education: The Yale Hunger Strike In Perspective, Raymond L. Hogler 2017 Colorado State University

Saying Goodbye To Unions In Higher Education: The Yale Hunger Strike In Perspective, Raymond L. Hogler

Academic Labor: Research and Artistry

No abstract provided.


Complementary Or Conflictual? Formal Participation, Informal Participation, And Organizational Performance, Adam Seth Litwin, Adrienne Eaton 2017 Cornell University

Complementary Or Conflictual? Formal Participation, Informal Participation, And Organizational Performance, Adam Seth Litwin, Adrienne Eaton

Adam Seth Litwin

Most studies of worker participation examine either formal participatory structures or informal participation. Yet, increasingly, works councils and other formal participatory bodies are operating in parallel with collective bargaining or are filling the void left by its decline. Moreover, these bodies are sprouting in workplaces in which workers have long held a modicum of influence, authority, and production- or service-related information. This study leverages a case from the healthcare sector to examine the interaction between formal and informal worker participation. Seeking to determine whether or not these two forces—each independently shown to benefit production or service delivery—complement or ...


The Politics Of Shorter Hours And Corporate-Centered Society: A History Of Work-Time Regulation In The United States And Japan, Keisuke Jinno 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Politics Of Shorter Hours And Corporate-Centered Society: A History Of Work-Time Regulation In The United States And Japan, Keisuke Jinno

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Shorter working hours drew much attention as a means of fighting unemployment and crisis in capitalism during the first half of the twentieth century. Nowadays, shorter work-time is rarely considered a policy option to fix economic or social issues in the United States and Japan. This dissertation presents a history of work-time regulation in the United States and Japan to examine how and why its developments and stalemate took place.

In the big picture, developments of work-time regulation during the first half of the twentieth century were a part of concessional modifications of class relations, a common phenomenon in many ...


Still A Coordinated Model? Market Liberalization And The Transformation Of Employment Relations In The German Telecommunications Industry, Virginia Doellgast 2017 Cornell University

Still A Coordinated Model? Market Liberalization And The Transformation Of Employment Relations In The German Telecommunications Industry, Virginia Doellgast

Virginia Doellgast

This paper examines recent changes in collective bargaining and employer strategies in the German telecommunications industry following market liberalization in the late 1990s. Germany’s distinctive co-determination and vocational training institutions encouraged large firms to adopt employment systems in technician and call center workplaces that relied on high levels of worker skill and discretion. However, organizational restructuring is undermining these gains, as firms use outsourcing and the creation of subsidiaries to escape or weaken company-level collective agreements. These trends have substantially weakened unions and contributed to the further disorganization of coordinated bargaining structures. Findings are based on interviews with union ...


Introduction: Institutional Change And Labor Market Segmentation In European Call Centers, Virginia Doellgast, Rosemary Batt, Ole H. Sorensen 2017 Cornell University

Introduction: Institutional Change And Labor Market Segmentation In European Call Centers, Virginia Doellgast, Rosemary Batt, Ole H. Sorensen

Virginia Doellgast

This article examines the dynamics of workplace change in European call centers. Survey data and case studies from Austria, Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands and Spain show large national and sectoral differences in institutional inclusiveness and labor market segmentation. These reflect variation in the institutional constraints and resources available to employers and unions as they adjust to market changes. However, union strategies to organize new groups and close gaps in existing regulations are becoming increasingly important as restructuring undermines traditional forms of bargaining power.


Vertical Disintegration And The Disorganisation Of German Industrial Relations, Virginia Doellgast, Ian Greer 2017 Cornell University

Vertical Disintegration And The Disorganisation Of German Industrial Relations, Virginia Doellgast, Ian Greer

Virginia Doellgast

Drawing on case studies from the telecommunications and auto industries, we argue that the vertical disintegration of major German employers is contributing to the disorganisation of Germany’s dual system of in-plant and sectoral negotiations. Subcontractors, subsidiaries, and temporary agencies often have no collective bargaining institutions, weaker firm-level agreements, or are covered by different sectoral agreements. As core employers move jobs to these firms, they introduce new organisational boundaries across the production chain and disrupt traditional bargaining structures. Worker representatives are developing new campaign approaches and using residual power at large firms to establish representation in new firms and sectors ...


Contesting Firm Boundaries: Institutions, Cost Structures, And The Politics Of Externalization, Virginia Doellgast, Katja Sarmiento-Mirwaldt, Chiara Benassi 2017 Cornell University

Contesting Firm Boundaries: Institutions, Cost Structures, And The Politics Of Externalization, Virginia Doellgast, Katja Sarmiento-Mirwaldt, Chiara Benassi

Virginia Doellgast

This article develops and applies a framework for analyzing the relationship among institutions, cost structures, and patterns of labor–management contestation over organizational boundaries. Collective negotiations related to the externalization of call center jobs are compared across 10 incumbent telecommunications firms located in Europe and the United States. All 10 firms moved call center work to dedicated subsidiaries, temporary agencies, and domestic and offshore subcontractors. A subset of the firms, however, later re-internalized call center jobs, in some cases following negotiated concessions on pay and working conditions for internal workers. Findings are based on 147 interviews with management and union ...


Management Whipsawing: The Staging Of Labor Competition Under Globalization, Ian Greer, Marco Hauptmeier 2017 Cornell University

Management Whipsawing: The Staging Of Labor Competition Under Globalization, Ian Greer, Marco Hauptmeier

Ian Greer

The authors examine management whipsawing practices in the European auto industry based on more than 200 interviews and a comparison of three automakers. They identify four distinct ways in which managers stage competition between plants to extract labor concessions: informal, hegemonic, coercive, and rule-based whipsawing. Practices at the three auto firms differed from one another and changed over time because of two factors: structural whipsawing capacity and management labor relations strategy. In the context of economic globalization, whipsawing is an effective means for managers to extract concessions, to loosen national institutional constraints, and to diffuse employment practices internationally.


Is U.S. Public Sector Labor Relations In The Midst Of A Transformation?, Harry C. Katz 2017 Cornell University

Is U.S. Public Sector Labor Relations In The Midst Of A Transformation?, Harry C. Katz

Harry C Katz

In this article the author assesses whether a fundamental transformation is underway in public sector (state and local government) labor relations in the United States by revisiting the arguments made by the author and Kochan and McKersie (1986) regarding the transformation of labor relations in the private sector. The author argues that the economic pressures that led to a transformation of private sector labor relations starting in the 1980s have not played a comparable role in recent developments in the public sector because of the political nature of labor relations in that sector. Other insights are drawn from a comparison ...


To Solve It Aright: Rerum Novarum And New Jersey's Answer To Catholic Bishop Of Chicago, Daniel T. Paxton 2017 Brigham Young University Law School

To Solve It Aright: Rerum Novarum And New Jersey's Answer To Catholic Bishop Of Chicago, Daniel T. Paxton

Brigham Young University Education and Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Unions And The Labor Market For Managers, John DiNardo, Kevin F. Hallock, Jörn-Steffen Pischke 2017 University of California, Irvine

Unions And The Labor Market For Managers, John Dinardo, Kevin F. Hallock, Jörn-Steffen Pischke

Kevin F Hallock

We examine the relationship between the employment and compensation of managers and CEOs and the presence of a unionized workforce. We develop a simple efficiency wage model, with a tradeoff between higher wages for workers and more monitoring, which requires more managers. The model also assumes rent sharing between workers, managers and the owners of the firm. Unions, by redistributing rents towards the workers, lead to lower employment and lower pay for managers. Using a variety of data sets, we examine the implications of the model for the relationship between the employment and wages of managers and unionization. We find ...


Broken Glass: The Decline Of Corporate Paternalism And Welfare Capitalism, A Critical Analysis Of One Company’S Systematic Socio-Economic Metamorphosis, Doug Bruno 2017 Northern Michigan University

Broken Glass: The Decline Of Corporate Paternalism And Welfare Capitalism, A Critical Analysis Of One Company’S Systematic Socio-Economic Metamorphosis, Doug Bruno

Conspectus Borealis

No abstract provided.


Sports, Inc. Volume 9, Issue 2, ILR Cornell Sports Business Society 2017 Cornell University ILR School

Sports, Inc. Volume 9, Issue 2, Ilr Cornell Sports Business Society

Sports, Inc.

The ILR Cornell Sports Business Society magazine is a semester publication titled Sports, Inc. This publication serves as a space for our membership to publish and feature in-depth research and well-thought out ideas to advance the world of sport. The magazine can be found in the Office of Student Services and is distributed to alumni who come visit us on campus. Issues are reproduced here with permission of the ILR Cornell Sports Business Society.


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