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Aec: Mind The Skilled Labour Gap, Singapore Management University 2016 Singapore Management University

Aec: Mind The Skilled Labour Gap, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

Mobility of qualified professionals between ASEAN countries was meant to lift the region. Despite the signing of MRAs, things are not moving as fast as they could be


Expat Assignments: How To Help Executives Prosper, Singapore Management University 2016 Singapore Management University

Expat Assignments: How To Help Executives Prosper, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

A candidate’s desire to mix with the locals, and good job design is crucial


Colonels And Industrial Workers In El Salvador, 1944-1972: Seeking Societal Support Through Gendered Labor Reforms, Kati Griffith, Leslie Gates 2016 Cornell University

Colonels And Industrial Workers In El Salvador, 1944-1972: Seeking Societal Support Through Gendered Labor Reforms, Kati Griffith, Leslie Gates

Kati Griffith

[Excerpt] How do military regimes seek support or legitimacy from society? What strategies, besides violent repression, do military leaders use to remain in power? In other words, how do military leaders try to achieve hegemony? El Salvador’s long period of military rule (1931-1979) gives researchers ample opportunity to investigate the mechanisms whereby military regimes try to gain societal support. Erik Ching’s chapter shows that General Martinez’s regime sought support through locally based patron-client relationships. Some analysts of El Salvador’s subsequent military regimes find that these regimes pursued a political alliance with urban industrial workers in order ...


Identity Work: Sustaining Transnational Collective Action At General Motors Europe, Ian Greer 2016 Selected Works

Identity Work: Sustaining Transnational Collective Action At General Motors Europe, Ian Greer

Ian Greer

What are the conditions under which transnational collective action is initiated and sustained? This paper presents a case study of General Motors Europe, where labor leaders have mobilized the workforce and bargained with management at the transnational level repeatedly over more than a decade as a response to management whipsawing and threats of plant closures. In contrast to structuralist interest-based theories of union behavior, we identify a process of “identity work‟ that was necessary to sustain transnational worker cooperation.


World Champions In Hospital Privatisation: The Effects Of Neoliberal Reform On German Employees And Patients, Nils Böhlke, Ian Greer, Thorsten Schulten 2016 Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Institut

World Champions In Hospital Privatisation: The Effects Of Neoliberal Reform On German Employees And Patients, Nils Böhlke, Ian Greer, Thorsten Schulten

Ian Greer

[Excerpt] Over the past decade, German hospitals have been privatised at a rate not seen in any other country. In response to massive public-sector debt and the resulting investment backlog, many state and local governments have been privatising hospitals. The most common arguments for privatisation are repeated in a recent study commissioned by the association of private hospital owners (Bundesverband Deutscher Privatkliniken - BDPK) namely that private hospitals manage in a more efficient manner and are economically more successful (Augurzky, Beivers et al., 2009). Indeed, in some cases, private for-profit hospital companies have invested generously and turned inefficient public hospitals into ...


Management Whipsawing: The Staging Of Labor Competition Under Globalization, Ian Greer, Marco Hauptmeier 2016 Cornell University

Management Whipsawing: The Staging Of Labor Competition Under Globalization, Ian Greer, Marco Hauptmeier

Articles and Chapters

The authors examine management whipsawing practices in the European auto industry based on more than 200 interviews and a comparison of three automakers. They identify four distinct ways in which managers stage competition between plants to extract labor concessions: informal, hegemonic, coercive, and rule-based whipsawing. Practices at the three auto firms differed from one another and changed over time because of two factors: structural whipsawing capacity and management labor relations strategy. In the context of economic globalization, whipsawing is an effective means for managers to extract concessions, to loosen national institutional constraints, and to diffuse employment practices internationally.


Replantar Un Campo: Derecho Internacional Del Trabajo Para El Siglo Xxi, Lance A. Compa 2016 Cornell University

Replantar Un Campo: Derecho Internacional Del Trabajo Para El Siglo Xxi, Lance A. Compa

Articles and Chapters

No abstract provided.


La Aplicación De Los Acuerdos Laborales Internacionales: El Paradigma Del Acuerdo De Bangladesh 2013, Antonio Ojeda-Avilés 2015 International University of Andalusia

La Aplicación De Los Acuerdos Laborales Internacionales: El Paradigma Del Acuerdo De Bangladesh 2013, Antonio Ojeda-Avilés

Global Scholarship Collection

The studies on the enforcement of international labour contracts and agreements are today quite rare, due to the fact that there are not many subject to study. Enforcement represents, however, the main problem, since such instruments are made to be observed. Moreover, when we speak about labour contracts other than collective agreements, like that of Bangladesh Accord on Fire and Building Safety, the subject assumes yet more importance, since we are speaking of a country at the head of miserable work after a clear option of its Parliament.


Industrial Actions In Germany - Realistic In An International Context?, Wolfgang Däubler 2015 University of Bremen

Industrial Actions In Germany - Realistic In An International Context?, Wolfgang Däubler

Global Scholarship Collection

In the EU, transborder collective action exists in theory but not in practice. Which would be the conditions to cooperate and even fight together? One should know each other, especially the underlying economic interest, the institutions, the traditions and the mentality of the other labour movement. The article tries to give concrete information about labour relations in Germany. Viewed from other European countries, it seems to be a very specific case today. This myth will be modified, if not destroyed.


The Eclipse Of The Rule Of Law: Trade Union Rights And The Eu, Keith D. Ewing, John Hendy QC 2015 King's College London

The Eclipse Of The Rule Of Law: Trade Union Rights And The Eu, Keith D. Ewing, John Hendy Qc

Global Scholarship Collection

This article examines the principle of the rule of law (TEU, article 2) and its application to social and economic rights. The paper considers what is meant by the rule of law, and contends that it as a minimum it must mean that EU institutions and member states must act in accordance with the law, including international legal obligations. The paper considers the extent to which EU member states comply with the right to organize, the right to bargain collectively and the right to strike in accordance with ILO Conventions 87 and 98 and the European Social Charters Articles 5 ...


Ttip: Time For A New Approach To Labor Rights And Standards, Owen Herrnstadt 2015 Georgetown University

Ttip: Time For A New Approach To Labor Rights And Standards, Owen Herrnstadt

Global Scholarship Collection

The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership represents an opportunity to assert U.S. and EU leadership in defining uniform and unambiguous international labor standards in trade and investment agreements by adopting ILO Conventions. Under the current U.S. trade model, labor chapters are limited to the principles referenced in the ILO’s 1998 Declaration of Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work. Limiting labor chapters to the Declaration permits the U.S. to preserve its statutory and regulatory inconsistencies with ILO Conventions, which express actual rights. Since many European countries are consistent with these rights, limiting the TTIP to the Declaration ...


Typology And Efficacy Of Framework Agreements Negotiated Between The European Commission And The Professional And Union Organizations Representing Its Staff, Jesus Martínez Girón 2015 University of A Coruña

Typology And Efficacy Of Framework Agreements Negotiated Between The European Commission And The Professional And Union Organizations Representing Its Staff, Jesus Martínez Girón

Global Scholarship Collection

On the basis that the European Commission has the legal condition of employer of the staff (civil servants and employees) serving it, this work analyzes the collective agreements (called "framework agreements") negotiated between the European Commission and the trade unions (eventually, tiny trade unions) it considers representative of such staff. Surprisingly, they are agreements separately celebrated with the representative trade unions of serving and retired staff. Regarding those affecting to serving staff, the European case-law sustains that they are agreements having contractual efficacy, but not true normative efficacy.


China Employment Law Update - December 2015, Baker & McKenzie 2015 Cornell University ILR School

China Employment Law Update - December 2015, Baker & Mckenzie

Law Firms

In This Issue:

  • Beijing Issues Implementation Measures on Labor Union Law
  • Highest Court in Shenzhen Issues New Guidance on Labor Disputes
  • National Holiday Arrangement Announced for 2016
  • Courts and Local Legislature Grapple with Discrimination Issues
  • Terminations Ruled Unlawful Due to Procedural Defects in Employee Handbook Consultation Processes
  • Employee Termination for Misuse of Home-Visit Leave Upheld by Court
  • Ex-CEO Reinstated to an Alternative Position After Successful Wrongful Termination Claim
  • Two Cases on Agreements Requiring Minimum Service Periods Have Different Outcomes


Corporate Hypocrisy: Violations Of Trade Union Rights By European Multinational Companies In The United States, Lance A. Compa 2015 Cornell University

Corporate Hypocrisy: Violations Of Trade Union Rights By European Multinational Companies In The United States, Lance A. Compa

Articles and Chapters

Many European corporations adopt American management-style attitudes toward trade unions, notwithstanding their publicly-declared support for global norms on workers’ freedom of association. They exploit US labor laws that violate international standards and interfere with trade union formation. Case studies examine several examples of this anti-union hypocrisy on the part of European firms. At the same time, some European companies have chosen to respect workers’ organizing rights in the United States. The conclusion contains recommendations for securing multinational companies’ respect for workers’ freedom of association in the United States, including application of ILO core standards, UN Guiding Principles, OECD Guidelines, and ...


The New Solidarity? Trade Union Coalition-Building In Five Countries, Carola Frege, Edmund Heery, Lowell Turner 2015 London School of Economics

The New Solidarity? Trade Union Coalition-Building In Five Countries, Carola Frege, Edmund Heery, Lowell Turner

Lowell Turner

[Excerpt] The purpose of this chapter is to present a framework for the analysis of union coalition-building and demonstrate its utility using comparative empirical material mainly from the United States, Germany, and the United Kingdom though we also comment on union action in Italy and Spain. In what follows, we seek to define union-coalitions and specify their functions, identify a variety of types of coalition and the variety of factors that encourage unions to forge coalitions. We then set out and seek to explain the variable patterns of coalition use across our five countries. The chapter concludes in speculative vein ...


Why Revitalize? Labour’S Urgent Mission In A Contested Global Economy, Lowell Turner 2015 Cornell University

Why Revitalize? Labour’S Urgent Mission In A Contested Global Economy, Lowell Turner

Lowell Turner

What looked like carte blanche for corporate-led globalization just a few years ago is now increasingly contested. The brave new vision of market fundamentalism has been challenged on several fronts, from massive demonstrations in Seattle and Genoa to contested trade and environmental summits at Johannesburg and Cancun. The critical insights of highly placed insiders have undermined the dominant neo-liberal ideology and given credence to mounting protests and opposition viewpoints (e.g. Soros 2002; Stiglitz 2002). Economic stagnation, inequality, desperate poverty and violence— whether in Japan, East Asia, Russia, Germany, or the United States and Latin America—have belied optimistic predictions ...


Can The Aec Address Asean’S Skilled Labour Shortage?, Singapore Management University 2015 Singapore Management University

Can The Aec Address Asean’S Skilled Labour Shortage?, Singapore Management University

Perspectives@SMU

The answer is “yes” if training and immigration issues are tackled head on


Experimentation And Decentralization In China’S Labor Relations, Eli D. Friedman, Sarosh Kuruvilla 2015 Cornell University

Experimentation And Decentralization In China’S Labor Relations, Eli D. Friedman, Sarosh Kuruvilla

Sarosh Kuruvilla

In this introduction to the special issue ‘Changing work, labour and employment relations in China’, we argue that China is taking an experimental and decentralized approach to the development of new labor relations frameworks. Particular political constraints in China prevent interest aggregation among workers, as the central state sees this as posing a risk to social stability. Firms and local governments have been given a degree of space to experiment with different arrangements, as long as the categorical ban on independent unions is not violated. The consequence has been an increasingly differentiated labor relations landscape, with significant variation by region ...


China Employment Law Update - October 2015, Baker & McKenzie 2015 Cornell University ILR School

China Employment Law Update - October 2015, Baker & Mckenzie

Law Firms

In This Issue:

  • PRC Courts More Willing to Hear Sex Discrimination Cases
  • City in Guangdong Province Imposes De Facto Employer Responsibilities for Illegal Use of Labor Dispatch
  • Shanghai Issues New Sick Leave Regulations
  • Beijing Court Finds Undergraduate Student’s Employment Contract Enforceable
  • Shanghai Court Rules that Employment Registration Does Not Equal an Employment Contract
  • Recent Court Cases Focus on Specialized Training When Deciding on Training Costs Recovery


Fair Trade Or Fake Trade? Specialty Coffee Certifications And Development In Uganda, Eliza Cummings 2015 SIT Graduate Institute - Study Abroad

Fair Trade Or Fake Trade? Specialty Coffee Certifications And Development In Uganda, Eliza Cummings

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This project examined the relationship between specialty coffee certifications and development. The focus was exploring the local and national implications Fairtrade coffee certifications have in Uganda. Coffee is a critical commodity, accounting for 15 percent of Uganda’s foreign exchange and engaging over one million households in production. Currently, specialty certified coffees including Fairtrade, Rainforest Alliance, and 4C make up only four percent of total production. However, under Uganda’s 2013 National Coffee Policy, there is a target to expand specialty production to 24 percent. It is therefore imperative to understand how these specialty certifications affect primary producers participating as ...


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