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Review: John S. Ahlquist And Margaret Levi, 'In The Interest Of Others: Organizations And Social Activism" (Princeton & Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2013), Rowan Cahill 2015 University of Wollongong

Review: John S. Ahlquist And Margaret Levi, 'In The Interest Of Others: Organizations And Social Activism" (Princeton & Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2013), Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

Review of the comparative study of trade union organizational behaviour by John S. Ahlquist and Margaret Levi, 'In the Interest of Others: Organizations and Social Activism" (Princeton & Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2013), which involves a target group of US and Australian trade unions.


Experimentation And Decentralization In China’S Labor Relations, Eli D. Friedman, Sarosh Kuruvilla 2015 Cornell University

Experimentation And Decentralization In China’S Labor Relations, Eli D. Friedman, Sarosh Kuruvilla

Eli D Friedman

In this introduction to the special issue ‘Changing work, labour and employment relations in China’, we argue that China is taking an experimental and decentralized approach to the development of new labor relations frameworks. Particular political constraints in China prevent interest aggregation among workers, as the central state sees this as posing a risk to social stability. Firms and local governments have been given a degree of space to experiment with different arrangements, as long as the categorical ban on independent unions is not violated. The consequence has been an increasingly differentiated labor relations landscape, with significant variation by region ...


Getting Through The Hard Times Together? Chinese Workers And Unions Respond To The Economic Crisis, Eli D. Friedman 2015 Cornell University

Getting Through The Hard Times Together? Chinese Workers And Unions Respond To The Economic Crisis, Eli D. Friedman

Eli D Friedman

How do post-socialist unions respond to market crisis? And what are the implications of this response for labor representation? Drawing on literature on post-socialist labor and union democracy, I argue that economic crisis affects not just labor – capital and labor – state relations, but also the relationship between union representatives and workers. Such a dynamic is highlighted by an empirical account of the divergent activities of workers and All-China Federation of Trade Unions (ACFTU) unions in China following the economic crisis of 2008. While the union responded to mass unemployment with an administrative and policy-oriented strategy, workers took to the streets ...


Alienated Politics: Labour Insurgency And The Paternalistic State In China, Eli Friedman 2015 Cornell University

Alienated Politics: Labour Insurgency And The Paternalistic State In China, Eli Friedman

Eli D Friedman

Is there a labour movement in China? This contribution argues that China does not have a labour movement, but that contestation between workers, state and capital is best characterized as a form of ‘alienated politics’. Widespread worker resistance is highly effective at the level of the firm be-cause of its ability to inflict losses on capital and disrupt public order. But authoritarian politics in China prevent workers from formulating political demands. Despite the spectacular repressive capacity of the state, the central government has in fact responded to highly localized resistance by passing generally pro-labour legislation over the past decade. The ...


Insurgency And Institutionalization: The Polanyian Countermovement And Chinese Labor Politics, Eli D. Friedman 2015 Cornell University

Insurgency And Institutionalization: The Polanyian Countermovement And Chinese Labor Politics, Eli D. Friedman

Eli D Friedman

Why is it that in the nearly 10 years since the Chinese central government began making symbolic and material moves towards class compromise that labor unrest has expanded greatly? In this article I reconfigure Karl Polanyi's theory of the countermovement to account for recent developments in Chinese labor politics. Specifically, I argue that countermovements must be broken down into two constituent but intertwined "moments": the insurgent moment that consists of spontaneous resistance to the market, and the institutional moment, when class compromise is established in the economic and political spheres. In China, the transition from insurgency to institutionalization has ...


Labor Relations In A Globalizing World, Harry C. Katz, Thomas A. Kochan, Alexander Colvin 2015 Cornell University

Labor Relations In A Globalizing World, Harry C. Katz, Thomas A. Kochan, Alexander Colvin

Alexander Colvin

[Excerpt] This book traces how labor, management, and governments acting as individuals or as groups have shaped and continue to shape the employment relationship. Employment is analyzed through the perspective of industrial relations, the interdisciplinary field of study that concentrates on individual workers and groups of workers, unions and other forms of collective representation, employers and their organizations, and the environment in which these parties interact.


China Employment Law Update - April 2015, Baker & McKenzie 2015 Cornell University ILR School

China Employment Law Update - April 2015, Baker & Mckenzie

Law Firms

In This Issue:

  • Chinese Leadership Urges the Building of Harmonious Labor Relations
  • Draft Patent Law and Draft Regulations on Employee Service Inventions Released
  • China and Canada Sign Agreement on Social Security
  • New Regulations Issued to Strengthen Prevention and Control of Occupational Hazards
  • Dispatch Employee’s Open-Term Contract Claim Upheld by Court
  • Beijing Court Takes Public Position on Dismissals for Violation of the One-Child Policy
  • Court Rejects Evidence Obtained from Popular Social Media Platform
  • Beijing Court Rules Employees to Pay Liquidated Damages for Breach of Non-Competition Agreement


Training Needs Assessment : A Case Study Of Huco In India, bahram mahmoudi mazraeh shadi 2015 kerala university

Training Needs Assessment : A Case Study Of Huco In India, Bahram Mahmoudi Mazraeh Shadi

bahram mahmoudi mazraeh shadi

Abstract The aim of this research is to study the nature of Training Needs Assessment within the context Managers in company of HÜCO (Maharashtra) in India and the impact of TNA on organizational performance. According to the findings of this study in the field of theoretical arguments arising from them found that training needs assessment (TNA) using the dimensions of strategic competence, which is compatible with McGhee and Thayer's three-fold analysis. This study achieves in survey method with the use of a questionnaire on the 25 Managers in company of HÜCO (Maharashtra) were regarded as the research samples to ...


Experimentation And Decentralization In China’S Labor Relations, Eli D. Friedman, Sarosh Kuruvilla 2015 Cornell University

Experimentation And Decentralization In China’S Labor Relations, Eli D. Friedman, Sarosh Kuruvilla

Articles and Chapters

In this introduction to the special issue ‘Changing work, labour and employment relations in China’, we argue that China is taking an experimental and decentralized approach to the development of new labor relations frameworks. Particular political constraints in China prevent interest aggregation among workers, as the central state sees this as posing a risk to social stability. Firms and local governments have been given a degree of space to experiment with different arrangements, as long as the categorical ban on independent unions is not violated. The consequence has been an increasingly differentiated labor relations landscape, with significant variation by region ...


China Employment Law Update - February 2015, Baker & McKenzie 2015 Cornell University ILR School

China Employment Law Update - February 2015, Baker & Mckenzie

Law Firms

No abstract provided.


From Pyramids To Diamonds: Legal Process Offshoring, Employment Systems, And Labor Markets For Lawyers In The United States And India, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Ernesto Noronha 2015 Cornell University

From Pyramids To Diamonds: Legal Process Offshoring, Employment Systems, And Labor Markets For Lawyers In The United States And India, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Ernesto Noronha

Articles and Chapters

In this article, the authors argue that offshoring of legal work from the United States has contributed to the fracturing of the long-established internal labor market arrangements in large U.S. law firms. Drawing on evidence from the United States and India on legal employment, the growth of offshoring, and the rapidly changing nature of work that is offshored, the authors contend that the changes in employment systems in law firms are likely to be permanent, in contrast to other researchers who suggest they are temporary adjustments to the financial crisis. As U.S. law firms are dismantling their internal ...


Globalization, Industrialization And Labour Markets In China, Miao Zhang, Rajah Rasiah, Sarosh Kuruvilla 2015 University of Malaya

Globalization, Industrialization And Labour Markets In China, Miao Zhang, Rajah Rasiah, Sarosh Kuruvilla

Articles and Chapters

China’s experience with globalization is still contested. This paper seeks to examine the impact of global integration and industrialization on labour markets in China. The evidence shows that rising trade and flows of foreign direct investment has not only quickened industrialization and structural change but it has also stimulated a rapid rise in overall and manufacturing real wages. The government’s framework of absorbing marketization while maintaining planning control through decentralization has been critical in the development of technological capabilities in manufacturing. Although the nature of economic development after reforms has also widened regional inequalities with the Eastern coastal ...


More Of The Same: Wages And Collective Bargaining Still Under Pressure, Torsten Müller, Stefan Clauwaert, Isabelle Schömann, Kurt Vandaele 2015 ETUI

More Of The Same: Wages And Collective Bargaining Still Under Pressure, Torsten Müller, Stefan Clauwaert, Isabelle Schömann, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

Even as the danger of deflation looms large, the strategy of internal devaluation continues to dominate EU crisis management. In the field of wages and collective bargaining this strategy entails constant pressure on wages and the relentless pursuit of further ‘structural reforms’ aimed primarily at increasing the downward flexibility of wages. This strategy is applied, what is more, not to the ‘crisis countries’ alone but also to the rest of Europe in the context of the country-specific recommendations adopted in the framework of the European Semester (Schulten and Müller 2015). This chapter sets out to achieve 2 aims, the first ...


Trade Unions’ ‘Deliberative Vitality’ Towards Young Workers: Survey Evidence Across Europe, Kurt Vandaele 2015 ETUI

Trade Unions’ ‘Deliberative Vitality’ Towards Young Workers: Survey Evidence Across Europe, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

In Chapter 2, Kurt Vandaele focusses on the integration and participation of young workers in union life and structures. Vandaele uses data from six European Trade Union Federations to provide a comparative perspective of the established relationship between young workers and unions. As he notes, youth trade union structures can be successful and yield results in terms of membership and organising if they are not seen merely as ‘cosmetic constructions’.


Labor Relations In A Globalizing World, Harry C. Katz, Thomas A. Kochan, Alexander Colvin 2015 Cornell University

Labor Relations In A Globalizing World, Harry C. Katz, Thomas A. Kochan, Alexander Colvin

Book Samples

[Excerpt] This book traces how labor, management, and governments acting as individuals or as groups have shaped and continue to shape the employment relationship. Employment is analyzed through the perspective of industrial relations, the interdisciplinary field of study that concentrates on individual workers and groups of workers, unions and other forms of collective representation, employers and their organizations, and the environment in which these parties interact.


Working Through The Past: Labor And Authoritorian Legacies In Comparative Perspective, Teri L. Caraway (ed.), Maria Lorena Cook (ed.), Stephen Crowley (ed.) 2015 University of Minnesota - Twin Cities

Working Through The Past: Labor And Authoritorian Legacies In Comparative Perspective, Teri L. Caraway (Ed.), Maria Lorena Cook (Ed.), Stephen Crowley (Ed.)

Book Samples

[Excerpt] Democratization in the developing and post-communist world has yielded limited gains for labor. Explanations for this phenomenon have focused on the effect of economic crisis and globalization on the capacities of unions to become influential political actors and to secure policies that benefit their members. In contrast, the contributors to Working through the Past highlight the critical role that authoritarian legacies play in shaping labor politics in new democracies, providing the first cross-regional analysis of the impact of authoritarianism on labor, focusing on East and Southeast Asia, Eastern Europe, and Latin America.

Legacies from the predemocratic era shape labor ...


Unknotting The Heart: Unemployment And Therapeutic Governance, Jie Yang 2015 Simon Fraser University

Unknotting The Heart: Unemployment And Therapeutic Governance, Jie Yang

Book Samples

[Excerpt] Since the mid-1990s, as China has downsized and privatized its state-owned enterprises, severe unemployment has created a new class of urban poor and widespread social and psychological disorders. In Unknotting the Heart, Jie Yang examines this understudied group of workers and their experiences of being laid off, "counseled," and then reoriented to the market economy. Using fieldwork from reemployment programs, community psychosocial work, and psychotherapy training sessions in Beijing between 2002 and 2013, Yang highlights the role of psychology in state-led interventions to alleviate the effects of mass unemployment. She pays particular attention to those programs that train laid-off ...


Chinese Workers In Comparative Perspective, Anita Chan (ed.) 2015 Australian National University

Chinese Workers In Comparative Perspective, Anita Chan (Ed.)

Book Samples

[Excerpt] As the “world’s factory” China exerts an enormous pressure on workers around the world. Many nations have had to adjust to a new global political and economic reality, and so has China. Its workers and its official trade union federation have had to contend with rapid changes in industrial relations. Anita Chan argues that Chinese labor is too often viewed from a prism of exceptionalism and too rarely examined comparatively, even though valuable insights can be derived by analyzing China’s workforce and labor relations side by side with the systems of other nations.

The contributors to Chinese ...


A World Of Work: Imagined Manuals For Real Jobs, Ilana Gershon (ed.) 2015 Indiana University - Bloomington

A World Of Work: Imagined Manuals For Real Jobs, Ilana Gershon (Ed.)

Book Samples

[Excerpt] Ever wondered what it would be like to be a street magician in Paris? A fish farmer in Norway? A costume designer in Bollywood? This playful and accessible look at different types of work around the world delivers a wealth of information and advice about a wide array of jobs and professions. The value of this book is twofold: For young people or middle-aged people who are undecided about their career paths and feel constrained in their choices, A World of Work offers an expansive vision. For ethnographers, this book offers an excellent example of using the practical details ...


Earnings Mobility, Inequality, And Economic Growth In Argentina, Mexico, And Venezuela, Gary S. Fields, Robert Duval-Hernandez, Samuel Freije, Maria Laura Sanchez Puerta 2015 Cornell University

Earnings Mobility, Inequality, And Economic Growth In Argentina, Mexico, And Venezuela, Gary S. Fields, Robert Duval-Hernandez, Samuel Freije, Maria Laura Sanchez Puerta

Articles and Chapters

This paper examines changes in individual earnings during positive and negative growth periods in three Latin American economies: Argentina, Mexico, and Venezuela. We ask two major questions. First, do panel income changes favor the income recipients who started at the top of the income distribution (“divergent mobility”) or those who started at the bottom (“convergent mobility”)? And second, are the groups that are found to gain the most when the economy is growing those that are found to lose the most when the economy is contracting (“symmetry of mobility”) or is the pattern asymmetric in the sense that the same ...


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