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International and Comparative Labor Relations Commons

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From Pyramids To Diamonds: Legal Process Offshoring, Employment Systems, And Labor Markets For Lawyers In The United States And India, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Ernesto Noronha 2015 Cornell University

From Pyramids To Diamonds: Legal Process Offshoring, Employment Systems, And Labor Markets For Lawyers In The United States And India, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Ernesto Noronha

Articles and Chapters

In this article, the authors argue that offshoring of legal work from the United States has contributed to the fracturing of the long-established internal labor market arrangements in large U.S. law firms. Drawing on evidence from the United States and India on legal employment, the growth of offshoring, and the rapidly changing nature of work that is offshored, the authors contend that the changes in employment systems in law firms are likely to be permanent, in contrast to other researchers who suggest they are temporary adjustments to the financial crisis. As U.S. law firms are dismantling their internal ...


Earnings Mobility, Inequality, And Economic Growth In Argentina, Mexico, And Venezuela, Gary S. Fields, Robert Duval-Hernandez, Samuel Freije, Maria Laura Sanchez Puerta 2015 Cornell University

Earnings Mobility, Inequality, And Economic Growth In Argentina, Mexico, And Venezuela, Gary S. Fields, Robert Duval-Hernandez, Samuel Freije, Maria Laura Sanchez Puerta

Articles and Chapters

This paper examines changes in individual earnings during positive and negative growth periods in three Latin American economies: Argentina, Mexico, and Venezuela. We ask two major questions. First, do panel income changes favor the income recipients who started at the top of the income distribution (“divergent mobility”) or those who started at the bottom (“convergent mobility”)? And second, are the groups that are found to gain the most when the economy is growing those that are found to lose the most when the economy is contracting (“symmetry of mobility”) or is the pattern asymmetric in the sense that the same ...


The Role Of The Economic, Technological, And Demographic Environments, Harry C. Katz, Thomas A. Kochan, Alexander Colvin 2015 Cornell University

The Role Of The Economic, Technological, And Demographic Environments, Harry C. Katz, Thomas A. Kochan, Alexander Colvin

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] This chapter examines how various forces in the environment influence labor relations in emerging countries. We focus in particular on how factors in the economic, technological, and demographic environments influence the bargaining power of both labor and management. In doing so we are moving downward in our three-tiered framework by examining how external environmental factors influence the functional level of labor relations.


Labor, Management, And Government Interactions, Harry C. Katz, Thomas A. Kochan, Alexander Colvin 2015 Cornell University

Labor, Management, And Government Interactions, Harry C. Katz, Thomas A. Kochan, Alexander Colvin

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Labor, management, and government engage in complex interactions in emerging countries, and these interactions strongly influence the evolution of labor relations in those countries. For example, unions and other workers’ movements in some countries have aligned with a particular political party or in some cases are the core constituents of a labor party that is active in the political arena. This chapter will discuss cases where particular unions were aligned with the governing leaders or party. Another way unions and workers have influenced governments is through their involvement in protests or other political actions that are part of democratization ...


Global Pressures: Multinational Corporations, International Unionism, And Ngos, Harry C. Katz, Thomas A. Kochan, Alexander Colvin 2015 Cornell University

Global Pressures: Multinational Corporations, International Unionism, And Ngos, Harry C. Katz, Thomas A. Kochan, Alexander Colvin

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] The globalization of product, financial, and labor markets has made it easier for companies to produce many of the goods and services they sell wherever in the world the right skills can be found at the lowest cost. The desire to sell products worldwide has also created incentives for firms to have a presence in multiple countries. Together these facts have made labor relations in many industries global in scope. Globalization is of particular importance to emerging countries. Nearly 50 percent of the world’s manufacturing employment is now located in emerging countries.

Globalization poses significant challenges to labor ...


The Negotiations Process And Structures, Harry C. Katz, Thomas A. Kochan, Alexander Colvin 2015 Cornell University

The Negotiations Process And Structures, Harry C. Katz, Thomas A. Kochan, Alexander Colvin

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] This chapter examines the process by which unions and employers negotiate collective agreements and the structures they use for those negotiations, continuing the analysis of the middle (functional) level of labor relations activity. It explains the dynamics of negotiations and the factors that lead to strikes and then goes on to discuss the different bargaining structures used in negotiations.


Trade Unions’ ‘Deliberative Vitality’ Towards Young Workers: Survey Evidence Across Europe, Kurt Vandaele 2014 ETUI

Trade Unions’ ‘Deliberative Vitality’ Towards Young Workers: Survey Evidence Across Europe, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

In Chapter 2, Kurt Vandaele focusses on the integration and participation of young workers in union life and structures. Vandaele uses data from six European Trade Union Federations to provide a comparative perspective of the established relationship between young workers and unions. As he notes, youth trade union structures can be successful and yield results in terms of membership and organising if they are not seen merely as ‘cosmetic constructions’.


More Of The Same: Wages And Collective Bargaining Still Under Pressure, Torsten Müller, Stefan Clauwaert, Isabelle Schömann, Kurt Vandaele 2014 ETUI

More Of The Same: Wages And Collective Bargaining Still Under Pressure, Torsten Müller, Stefan Clauwaert, Isabelle Schömann, Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

Even as the danger of deflation looms large, the strategy of internal devaluation continues to dominate EU crisis management. In the field of wages and collective bargaining this strategy entails constant pressure on wages and the relentless pursuit of further ‘structural reforms’ aimed primarily at increasing the downward flexibility of wages. This strategy is applied, what is more, not to the ‘crisis countries’ alone but also to the rest of Europe in the context of the country-specific recommendations adopted in the framework of the European Semester (Schulten and Müller 2015). This chapter sets out to achieve 2 aims, the first ...


China Employment Law Update - December 2014, Baker & McKenzie 2014 Cornell University ILR School

China Employment Law Update - December 2014, Baker & Mckenzie

Law Firms

No abstract provided.


Volkswagen Chattanooga And Its Battle For Workers' Representation, Bianca C. Fankhauser 2014 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Volkswagen Chattanooga And Its Battle For Workers' Representation, Bianca C. Fankhauser

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Emerging Actors In Employment Relations: Evidence Of Multipartism Between The Nigerian Federal Government And The Academic Staff Union Of Universities, Olukunle Oludeyi 2014 Tai Solarin University of Education, Ogun State, Nigeria

Emerging Actors In Employment Relations: Evidence Of Multipartism Between The Nigerian Federal Government And The Academic Staff Union Of Universities, Olukunle Oludeyi

Olukunle Saheed, OLUDEYI

The current trends in employment relations as they relate to decentralisation of production, outsourcing of workers to third parties, the emerging range of new employment arrangements such as agency work, contract or part-time work, casualisation and telecommuting are the result of globalisation along with intensifying emphasis on the adoption of international labour standards in workplaces. As a result Nigeria, like most countries of the developed world, has seen significant changes in its tripartite industrial relations. If we reflect on the number of actors who participated in the 2013 trade dispute between the Federal Government (FG) and the Academic Staff Union ...


Strikes In Europe (Version 2.1, January 2015), Kurt Vandaele 2014 ETUI

Strikes In Europe (Version 2.1, January 2015), Kurt Vandaele

Kurt Vandaele

This visual presentation shows the development of days not worked due to industrial action per 1,000 employees in most European countries since the year 2000.


An Overview Of Collective Bargaining In The United States, Lance A. Compa 2014 Cornell University

An Overview Of Collective Bargaining In The United States, Lance A. Compa

Lance A Compa

[Excerpt] American history reflects a long cycle of trade union decline and growth. Analysts routinely predict the death of the labor movement. (Yeselson 2012). Heralds of labor’s demise often argue that unions were needed in the past, but modem, enlightened management and the need for economic competitiveness make them obsolete. (Troy 1999). But then, workers fed up with employers’ exploitation decide to find new ways to defend themselves. History does not repeat itself, and conditions now are not the same as those spurring the great organizing drives of the 1930s and ‘40s. Still, American workers have shown deep resourcefulness ...


Re-Planting A Field: International Labour Law For The Twenty-First Century, Lance A. Compa 2014 Cornell University

Re-Planting A Field: International Labour Law For The Twenty-First Century, Lance A. Compa

Conference Proceedings, Presentations, and Speeches

[Excerpt] In this talk I want to trace the development of the field and how international labour law has taken root in five areas: 1) trade legislation (namely, the US and EU Generalized System of Preferences), 2) trade agreements, 3) international organizations, 4) corporate social responsibility, and 5) lawsuits in national courts. In each, I try to give one or two examples of how international labour law works in practice. But first, some background on the international labour law field and my involvement with it.


Globalization And Development In Latin America And The Caribbean: A Review, Diego José Romero 2014 Chapman University

Globalization And Development In Latin America And The Caribbean: A Review, Diego José Romero

e-Research: A Journal of Undergraduate Work

Globalization and Development: A Latin American and Caribbean Perspective (2003) is a study of the process of globalization in the economic, political and cultural spheres, focusing mainly on the economic developments. Understanding the process as being multidimensional in nature, the authors, José Antonio Ocampo and Juan Martin, the Executive Secretary of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and the Special Advisor to the Executive Secretary respectively[i], analyze globalization as a historic event realized in three well-differentiated phases, which prove, that it is not an irreversible process. The authors define globalization as "the growing influence exerted ...


A Review Of Inhuman Conditions: On Cosmopolitanism And Human Rights, Jessica Browne 2014 Chapman University

A Review Of Inhuman Conditions: On Cosmopolitanism And Human Rights, Jessica Browne

e-Research: A Journal of Undergraduate Work

Pheng Cheah's book Inhuman Conditions: On Cosmopolitanism and Human Rights connects globalization and cosmopolitanism to the humanities in an effort to understand the nature of humanity itself. At its core, Cheah's arguments seem to relate to the quote from his book, "Humanity . . . is, after all, an interminable work of collaboration and comparison."[1] He makes his way through various stages of discourse. First, he presents theconcept of new cosmopolitanism as a departure from the cosmopolitanism of Immanuel Kant and Karl Marx. He positions new cosmopolitanism within an intellectual and philosophical paradigm relative to nationalism and cosmopolitanism as "vehicles ...


Movimientos Obreros Y Por Los Derechos Humanos En América Latina: Convergencia, Divergencia Y Consecuencias Para La Promoción De Los Derechos Económicos, Sociales Y Culturales [Labor Movements And Human Rights In Latin America: Convergence, Divergence, And The Implications For The Promotion Of Economic, Social And Cultural Rights], Maria Cook 2014 Cornell University

Movimientos Obreros Y Por Los Derechos Humanos En América Latina: Convergencia, Divergencia Y Consecuencias Para La Promoción De Los Derechos Económicos, Sociales Y Culturales [Labor Movements And Human Rights In Latin America: Convergence, Divergence, And The Implications For The Promotion Of Economic, Social And Cultural Rights], Maria Cook

Maria Lorena Cook

[Excerpt] Los derechos propios del trabajo forman parte de los derechos humanos hace mucho tiempo y gozan del reconocimiento de pactos internacionales. La Declaración Universal de Derechos Humanos, adoptada por la Organización de las Naciones Unidas, en 1948, enumera los derechos a condiciones de trabajo justas y favorables; a igual remuneración por trabajo de igual valor; a una remuneración equitativa y favorable, y a formar sindicatos y afiliarse a ellos. El Pacto Internacional de Derechos Civiles y Políticos (PIDCP) incluye los derechos a la libertad de asociación y a formar sindicatos y afiliarse a ellos. El Pacto Internacional de Derechos ...


Alienated Politics: Labour Insurgency And The Paternalistic State In China, Eli D. Friedman 2014 Cornell University

Alienated Politics: Labour Insurgency And The Paternalistic State In China, Eli D. Friedman

Articles and Chapters

Is there a labour movement in China? This contribution argues that China does not have a labour movement, but that contestation between workers, state and capital is best characterized as a form of ‘alienated politics’. Widespread worker resistance is highly effective at the level of the firm be-cause of its ability to inflict losses on capital and disrupt public order. But authoritarian politics in China prevent workers from formulating political demands. Despite the spectacular repressive capacity of the state, the central government has in fact responded to highly localized resistance by passing generally pro-labour legislation over the past decade. The ...


Asymmetric Information Under The Kafala Sponsorship System: Impacts On Foreign Domestic Workers’ Income And Employment Status In The Gcc Countries, Froilan T. Malit, George Naufal 2014 Cornell University

Asymmetric Information Under The Kafala Sponsorship System: Impacts On Foreign Domestic Workers’ Income And Employment Status In The Gcc Countries, Froilan T. Malit, George Naufal

Working Papers

This paper examines the legal and policy implications of information asymmetry on foreign domestic workers employed under the Kafala sponsorship system in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries. Drawing from ethnographic and field-based observations in large GCC migrant destinations—including Kuwait, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE)—we investigate the flow of information and market uncertainties between five key stakeholders: labor-receiving government, labor-sending government, recruitment agencies (subagents), sponsors (employers), and social networks. Several factors contribute to asymmetric information: the lack of bilateral labor agreements and government policy coordination, programs between and among government entities, the absence of labor law ...


Social Dumping As Marketization: Management Whipsawing In Europe’S Auto Industry, Ian Greer, Marco Hauptmeier 2014 Cornell University

Social Dumping As Marketization: Management Whipsawing In Europe’S Auto Industry, Ian Greer, Marco Hauptmeier

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] The focus of this paper is one slow-burning change in the organization of capitalism in Europe, marketization (Greer and Doellgast 2013, Hauptmeier 2011). We argue that a specific species of marketization, management whipsawing, is causing social dumping in the automotive sector. By management whipsawing we mean the staging of economic competition by large corporations with several production units in a way that extracts labor concessions by pitting local workers against each other in contests for investment and production. Multinational companies (MNC) were the first movers and developed various management whipsawing practices; however, the term was also used historically to ...


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