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Findchirp: An Algorithm For Detection Of Gravitational Waves From Inspiraling Compact Binaries, Bruce Allen, Warren G. Anderson, Patrick R. Brady, Duncan A. Brown, Jolien D E Creighton 2012 Max-Planck-Institut fur Gravitationsphysik

Findchirp: An Algorithm For Detection Of Gravitational Waves From Inspiraling Compact Binaries, Bruce Allen, Warren G. Anderson, Patrick R. Brady, Duncan A. Brown, Jolien D E Creighton

Physics

Matched-filter searches for gravitational waves from coalescing compact binaries by the LIGO Scientific Collaboration use the FINDCHIRP algorithm: an implementation of the optimal filter with innovations to account for unknown signal parameters and to improve performance on detector data that has nonstationary and non-Gaussian artifacts. We provide details on the FINDCHIRP algorithm as used in the search for subsolar mass binaries, binary neutron stars, neutron star-black hole binaries, and binary black holes.


Optimization Of The Veritas Orbit-Mode Tracking Pattern, Joshua Allen 2012 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Optimization Of The Veritas Orbit-Mode Tracking Pattern, Joshua Allen

Physics

Gamma-ray Bursts (GRBs) have not been detected at TeV energies. Detection with the Very Energetic Radiation Imaging Telescope Array System (VERITAS) would open a new window into GRB science. In this paper, we optimize an orbit mode tracking method to search for a GRB at a location provided by the FERMI Gamma-ray satellite. Using Matlab we modeled the orbit tracking pattern. Then we found the optimal offset radii and tracking speed for the telescope to form a uniform image exposure. To optimize the pattern, the model accounts for the maximum 1°/s speed of the telescope’s tracking motors and ...


Identifying A New Intermediate Polar Using Xmm-Newton And Integral, Matthew J. Middleton, Edward M. Cackett, Craig Shaw, Gavin Ramsay, Timothy P. Roberts, Peter J. Wheatley 2012 University of Durham

Identifying A New Intermediate Polar Using Xmm-Newton And Integral, Matthew J. Middleton, Edward M. Cackett, Craig Shaw, Gavin Ramsay, Timothy P. Roberts, Peter J. Wheatley

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Research Publications

The bright X-ray source 2XMMi J180438.7-145647 is fortunate to have long baseline observations in INTEGRAL that complement observations taken by other missions. Optical spectroscopy of this object has suggested a distance of ˜7 kpc and an identification with a low-mass X-ray binary. We instead use the X-ray data from 0.3 to 40 keV to identify the source as a bright intermediate polar (IP) with an estimate for the white dwarf mass of ˜0.60 M. This identification is supported by the presence of an iron triplet, the component lines of which are some of the strongest seen in ...


High-Speed Acousto-Optic Shutter With No Optical Frequency Shift, W J. Schwenger, James M. Higbie 2012 Bucknell University

High-Speed Acousto-Optic Shutter With No Optical Frequency Shift, W J. Schwenger, James M. Higbie

Faculty Journal Articles

Acousto-optic modulators are widely used for rapid switching and shuttering of laser beams. In many applications, the concomitant frequency shift is undesirable and must be compensated for elsewhere in the system. Here we present a simple method of achieving rapid laser power switching without an accompanying laser frequency shift. The demonstrated acousto-optic shutter achieves a switching time of around 25 ns, an extinction ratio of 46 dB, and efficiency comparable to a conventional double-pass acousto-optical modulator configuration. (C) 2012 American Institute of Physics. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4746292]


Book Review: New Eyes On The Universe: Twelve Cosmic Mysteries And The Tools We Need To Solve Them, T. D. Oswalt 2012 Florida Institute of Technology

Book Review: New Eyes On The Universe: Twelve Cosmic Mysteries And The Tools We Need To Solve Them, T. D. Oswalt

Publications

This document is Dr. Oswalt’s review of New Eyes on the Universe : Twelve Cosmic Mysteries and the Tools We Need to Solve Them by Stephen Webb. Springer/Praxis, 2012 371p, 9781461421931 $44.95, 9781461421948


Initial Calibration Of Ccd Images For The Dark Energy Survey, Deokgeun Park '12, H. Thomas Diehl, Douglas Tucker 2011 Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy

Initial Calibration Of Ccd Images For The Dark Energy Survey, Deokgeun Park '12, H. Thomas Diehl, Douglas Tucker

Student Publications & Research

Astronomical images taken from a telescope must go through “astronomical image processing” to remove instrumental signatures. The Dark Energy Survey (DES), which will start operations in 2012, will use a 570 megapixel Dark Energy Camera (DECam) to study the mystery of the acceleration of the expanding universe. The DECam will use DES filters and 74 of a new type of astronomical Charge Coupled Device (CCD) that is particularly efficient in detecting near-infrared light. Together, the DES filters and DECam CCDs are optimized for the measurement of redshifts of distant galaxies. In preparation for the DES, data were collected from the ...


The Epoch Of Reionization: Foregrounds And Calibration With Paper, Daniel C. Jacobs 2011 University of Pennsylvania

The Epoch Of Reionization: Foregrounds And Calibration With Paper, Daniel C. Jacobs

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Nearly half a billion years passed between the release of the now routinely observed Comic Microwave Backrgound and the formation of the first galaxies and black holes which reionized the ubiquitous hydrogen. This Epoch of Reionization (EoR) is the next major unexplored cosmological milestone. At the current time the space between galaxies is almost completely ionized, therefor we know that the universe must have undergone a global phase transition. The nature of the ionizing sources, whether young galaxies or accreting massive black holes is unknown. Neither do we know when this reionization occured or how long it took. Models suggest ...


Arcade 2 Observations Of Galactic Radio Emission, A. Kogut, D. J. Fixsen, S. M. Levin, M. Limon, P. M. Lubin, P. Mirel, M. Seiffert, Jack Singal, T. Villela, E. Wollack, C. A. Wuensche 2011 University of Richmond

Arcade 2 Observations Of Galactic Radio Emission, A. Kogut, D. J. Fixsen, S. M. Levin, M. Limon, P. M. Lubin, P. Mirel, M. Seiffert, Jack Singal, T. Villela, E. Wollack, C. A. Wuensche

Physics Faculty Publications

We use absolutely calibrated data from the ARCADE 2 flight in 2006 July to model Galactic emission at frequencies 3, 8, and 10 GHz. The spatial structure in the data is consistent with a superposition of free–free and synchrotron emission. Emission with spatial morphology traced by the Haslam 408 MHz survey has spectral index βsynch = −2.5±0.1, with free–free emission contributing 0.10±0.01 of the total Galactic plane emission in the lowest ARCADE 2 band at 3.15 GHz. We estimate the total Galactic emission toward the polar caps using either a simple plane-parallel ...


The Multiplexed Squid Tes Array At Ninety Gigahertz (Mustang), Phillip M. Korngut 2011 University of Pennsylvania

The Multiplexed Squid Tes Array At Ninety Gigahertz (Mustang), Phillip M. Korngut

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The Multiplexed SQUID/TES Array at Ninety Gigahertz (MUSTANG) is a bolometric continuum imaging camera designed to operate at the Gregorian focus of the 100m Green Bank Telescope (GBT) in Pocahontas county, West Virginia. The combination of the GBT's large collecting area and the 8x8 array of transition edge sensors at the heart of MUSTANG allows for deep imaging at 10'' resolution at 90GHz. The MUSTANG receiver is now a facility instrument of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory available to the general astronomical community.

The 3.3mm continuum passband is useful to access a large range of Galactic and ...


Efficient Decomposition Of Cosmic Microwave Background Polarization Maps Into Pure E, Pure B, And Ambiguous Components., Emory F. Bunn 2011 University of Richmond

Efficient Decomposition Of Cosmic Microwave Background Polarization Maps Into Pure E, Pure B, And Ambiguous Components., Emory F. Bunn

Physics Faculty Publications

Separation of the B component of a cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarization map from the much larger E component is an essential step in CMB polarimetry. For a map with incomplete sky coverage, this separation is necessarily hampered by the presence of ambiguous modes which could be either E or B modes. I present an efficient pixel-space algorithm for removing the ambiguous modes and separating the map into pure E and B components. The method, which works for arbitrary geometries, does not involve generating a complete basis of such modes and scales the cube of the number of pixels on ...


The Arcade 2 Instrument, Jack Singal, D. J. Fixsen, A. Kogut, S. Levin, M. Limon, P. Lubin, P. Mirel, M. Seiffert, T. Villela, E. Wollack, C. A. Wuensche 2011 University of Richmond

The Arcade 2 Instrument, Jack Singal, D. J. Fixsen, A. Kogut, S. Levin, M. Limon, P. Lubin, P. Mirel, M. Seiffert, T. Villela, E. Wollack, C. A. Wuensche

Physics Faculty Publications

The second generation Absolute Radiometer for Cosmology, Astrophysics, and Diffuse Emission (ARCADE 2) instrument is a balloon-borne experiment to measure the radiometric temperature of the cosmic microwave background and Galactic and extragalactic emission at six frequencies from 3 to 90 GHz. ARCADE 2 utilizes a double-nulled design where emission from the sky is compared to that from an external cryogenic full-aperture blackbody calibrator by cryogenic switching radiometers containing internal blackbody reference loads. In order to further minimize sources of systematic error, ARCADE 2 features a cold fully open aperture with all radiometrically active components maintained at near 2.7 K ...


A New Pulsar Instrumentation At The Allen Telescope Array And The Nancay Radio Telescope, G. Desvignes, William C. Barott, I. Cognard, P. Lespagnol, G. Theureau 2011 University of California Berkeley

A New Pulsar Instrumentation At The Allen Telescope Array And The Nancay Radio Telescope, G. Desvignes, William C. Barott, I. Cognard, P. Lespagnol, G. Theureau

Publications

In the prospect of the gravitational wave background detection with high precision pulsar timing, we recently installed a new coherent dedispersion backend at the Allen Telescope Array (ATA) and the Nançay Radio Telescope (NRT).


Why Is An Einstein Ring Blue?, Jonathan Blackledge 2011 Technological University Dublin

Why Is An Einstein Ring Blue?, Jonathan Blackledge

Articles

Albert Einstein predicted the existence of `Einstein rings' as a consequence of his general theory of relativity. The phenomenon is a direct result of the idea that if a mass warps space-time then light (and other electromagnetic waves) will be `lensed' by the strong gravitational field produced by a large cosmological body such as a galaxy. Since 1998, when the first complete Einstein ring was observed, many more complete or partially complete Einstein rings have been observed in the radio and infrared spectra, for example, and by the Hubble Space Telescope in the optical spectrum. However, in the latter case ...


On Relativistic Disk Spectroscopy In Compact Objects With X-Ray Ccd Cameras, J. M. Miller, A. D'Aì, M. W. Bautz, S. Bhattacharyya, D. N. Burrows, E. M. Cackett, A. C. Fabian, M. J. Freyberg, F. Haberl, J. Kennea, M. A. Nowak, R. C. Reis, T. E. Strohmayer, M. Tsujimoto 2010 University of Michigan

On Relativistic Disk Spectroscopy In Compact Objects With X-Ray Ccd Cameras, J. M. Miller, A. D'Aì, M. W. Bautz, S. Bhattacharyya, D. N. Burrows, E. M. Cackett, A. C. Fabian, M. J. Freyberg, F. Haberl, J. Kennea, M. A. Nowak, R. C. Reis, T. E. Strohmayer, M. Tsujimoto

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Research Publications

X-ray charge-coupled devices (CCDs) are the workhorse detectors of modern X-ray astronomy. Typically covering the 0.3-10.0 keV energy range, CCDs are able to detect photoelectric absorption edges and K shell lines from most abundant metals. New CCDs also offer resolutions of 30-50 (E/ΔE), which is sufficient to detect lines in hot plasmas and to resolve many lines shaped by dynamical processes in accretion flows. The spectral capabilities of X-ray CCDs have been particularly important in detecting relativistic emission lines from the inner disks around accreting neutron stars and black holes. One drawback of X-ray CCDs is that ...


Lna Based On A Low Cost (~Usd1.30) Commercial Gaas Phemt Mmic Offers Wideband (0.4~1.4 Ghz) And Room-Temperature Low Noise (~0.3 Db) Performances That Satisfy The Ska Low Cost And No-Cooling Requirement, Chin-Leong Lim 2010 Avago Technologies, Malaysia

Lna Based On A Low Cost (~Usd1.30) Commercial Gaas Phemt Mmic Offers Wideband (0.4~1.4 Ghz) And Room-Temperature Low Noise (~0.3 Db) Performances That Satisfy The Ska Low Cost And No-Cooling Requirement, Chin-Leong Lim

Chin-Leong Lim

Introduction: New generations of radio telescopes such as the Square Kilometre Array consist of millions of receivers scattered over a continent. The array’s quantity and geographic considerations ruled out the traditional radio astronomy LNA implementation; i.e. costly InP devices cooled by high-maintenance closed-cycle helium (He) refrigerators. Several LNA designs have been proposed to address the cost and room-temperature operation constraints but none appear a clear winner. Peltier and package-scale cooling have also been proposed as a lower cost/maintenance alternative to He cooling but when multiplied by the quantity required can still carve a significant chunk of the ...


Chasing Shadows In The Outer Solar System, Federica Bianco 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Chasing Shadows In The Outer Solar System, Federica Bianco

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The characteristics of the populations of objects that inhabit the outer solar system carry the fingerprint of the processes that governed the formation and evolution of the solar system. Occultation surveys push the limit of observation into the very small and distant outer solar system objects, allowing us to set constraints on the structure of the Kuiper belt, Scattered disk and Sedna populations. I collected, reduced, and analyzed vast datasets looking for occultations of stars by outer solar system objects, both working with the Taiwanese American Occultation Survey (TAOS) collaboration and leading the MMT/Megacam occultation effort. Having found no ...


Bandwidth In Bolometric Interferometry, R. Charlassier, Emory F. Bunn, J.-Ch. Hamilton, J. Kaplan, S. Malu 2010 University of Richmond

Bandwidth In Bolometric Interferometry, R. Charlassier, Emory F. Bunn, J.-Ch. Hamilton, J. Kaplan, S. Malu

Physics Faculty Publications

Context. Bolometric interferometry is a promising new technology with potential applications to the detection of B-mode polarization fluctuations of the cosmic microwave background (CMB). A bolometric interferometer will have to take advantage of the wide spectral detection band of its bolometers to be competitive with imaging experiments. A crucial concern is that interferometers are assumed to be significantly affected by a spoiling effect known as bandwidth smearing.

Aims. We investigate how the bandwidth modifies the work principle of a bolometric interferometer and affects its sensitivity to the CMB angular power spectra.

Methods. We obtain analytical expressions for the broadband visibilities ...


Digital Aperture Photometry Utilizing Growth Curves, William Chandler Overcast 2010 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Digital Aperture Photometry Utilizing Growth Curves, William Chandler Overcast

Masters Theses

Point source extraction is critical to proper analysis of images containing point sources obtained by focal plane array cameras. Two popular methods of extracting the intensity of a point source are aperture photometry and point spread function fitting. Digital aperture photometry encompasses procedures utilized to extract the intensity of an imaged point source. It has been used by astronomers in various forms for calculating stellar brightness. It is also useful for doing analysis of data associated with other unresolved radiating objects. The various aperture photometry methods include the two-aperture method, aperture correction, and growth curve method.

The growth curve method ...


Development And Demonstration Of A Field-Deployable Fast Chromotomographic Imager, Daniel C. O'Dell 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Development And Demonstration Of A Field-Deployable Fast Chromotomographic Imager, Daniel C. O'Dell

Theses and Dissertations

A field deployable hyperspectral imager utilizing chromotomography (CT), with a direct vision prism (DVP) as the dispersive element, has been constructed at AFIT. This research is focused on the development and demonstration of the CT imager. An overview of hyperspectral imaging, chromotomography, a synopsis of reconstruction algorithms, and other CT instruments are given. The importance of component alignment, instrument calibration, and exact prism angular position data are discussed. A simplistic \shift and add" reconstruction algorithm was utilized for this research. Although limited in its ability to reconstruct a spatially and spectrally diverse scene, the algorithm was adequate for the testing ...


Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy: Meteorite Samples And The Search For 98tc, Kristopher L. Merolla 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy: Meteorite Samples And The Search For 98tc, Kristopher L. Merolla

Physics

The focus of this project is low-count-level gamma-ray spectroscopy on meteorite samples in search of a particular isotope of Technetium (98Tc), which according to stellar theory, should be present in the universe. The spectral lines for 99Tc have, however, been observed in S-, M-, and N- type stars, which makes finding 98Tc created naturally a possibility, and thus a search can be justified.


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