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298— Rural Economic Growth And Disease Intervention In Ghana; The Edward Pettinella '73 Endowed Ambassadorship In Business, Lucas Sutton 2020 SUNY Geneseo

298— Rural Economic Growth And Disease Intervention In Ghana; The Edward Pettinella '73 Endowed Ambassadorship In Business, Lucas Sutton

GREAT Day

Schistosomiasis is a leading parasitic infection that debilitates many individuals in sub Saharan Africa. Because this parasitic infection involves a snail as an intermediate host, we use a native prawn species as a natural predator to decrease the population of this snail community. This study focuses on Tomefa, a primarily fishing peri-urban community located oi the outskirts of Accra, the capital city of Ghana. A survey was also given to the local community measuring economic characteristics. In the laboratory, Macrobrachium spp prawn exhibit preference of Bulinus snails over Biomphalaria snails while non-parasitic snails were consumed in higher proportion to parasitized ...


Unnatural Disasters: Environmental Trauma And Ecofeminist/Ecowomanist Resistance In Zora Neale Hurston’S Their Eyes Were Watching God And Jesmyn Ward’S Salvage The Bones, Sarah Anne Pfitzer 2020 Belmont University

Unnatural Disasters: Environmental Trauma And Ecofeminist/Ecowomanist Resistance In Zora Neale Hurston’S Their Eyes Were Watching God And Jesmyn Ward’S Salvage The Bones, Sarah Anne Pfitzer

Honors Theses

No abstract provided.


Drowning Of Pet Owners During Attempted Animal Rescues: The Avir-A Syndrome, John Pearn, Amy E. Peden, Richard Charles Franklin 2020 The University of Queensland, Royal Life Saving Society - Australia

Drowning Of Pet Owners During Attempted Animal Rescues: The Avir-A Syndrome, John Pearn, Amy E. Peden, Richard Charles Franklin

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

The rescuer who drowns can result from the attempted rescue of a human or an animal. We report here a total population analysis of all drowning fatalities for the 14-year period 1–July-2002 to 30-June-2016 which involved an attempted rescue of an animal. Cases were drawn from the Royal Life Saving National Fatal Drowning Database, which in turn, derived its data primarily from the National Coronial Information System (NCIS). Eight people drowned, all adults (ranging in age from 19-74 years), in the attempted rescue of an animal. Seven of the animals were domestic pet dogs, and in two cases farm ...


Spatiotemporal Dynamics Of Vector-Borne Disease Risk Across Human Land-Use Gradients: Examining The Role Of Agriculture, Indigenous Territories, And Protected Areas In Costa Rica, Brett R. Bayles, Andria Rusk, Rebecca Christofferson, Gabriellah Agar, Maria Alvarez Pineda, Bobin Chen, Kiera Dagy, Emma Kelly, Tyler Hummel, Kira Kuwada, Serena Martin, Alec Murrer, Carlos Faerron Guzmán 2020 Dominican University of California

Spatiotemporal Dynamics Of Vector-Borne Disease Risk Across Human Land-Use Gradients: Examining The Role Of Agriculture, Indigenous Territories, And Protected Areas In Costa Rica, Brett R. Bayles, Andria Rusk, Rebecca Christofferson, Gabriellah Agar, Maria Alvarez Pineda, Bobin Chen, Kiera Dagy, Emma Kelly, Tyler Hummel, Kira Kuwada, Serena Martin, Alec Murrer, Carlos Faerron GuzmáN

Global Public Health | Faculty Scholarship

Background

Costa Rica has undergone significant changes to its forest ecosystems due, in part, to the proliferation of palm oil and other industrial agriculture operations. However, the country also boasts conservation programmes that are among the most robust in the neotropics. Consequently, gradients of anthropogenic to intact ecosystems are found throughout the country. Forest ecosystems may decrease vector-borne disease (VBD) risk by maintaining insect populations in a state of relative equilibrium; however, evidence suggests that intact forests foster biodiversity and may also amplify VBD risk in some circumstances. As a result, focal points of human-vector contact are likely idiosyncratic. This ...


Spring 2020, 2020 DePaul University

Spring 2020

Scientia

From the Dean: Forward Motion; Strategic Plan Summary: Make No Little Plans; Alumnus Profile: Principled Prescription - William McDade is making medicine more diverse nationally: Living Our Mission: A Just World - For Mark Potosnak, concern for the environment isn't just a job, it's a moral obligation; One Peace at a Time: Psychology professors LaVome Robinson and Leonard Jason are working to prevent violence in schools; Impactful Inquiry: Real-world opportunities give undergraduate students a head start on their career paths; Lab Notes


Park Usage In Relationship To Available Features And Amenities In A Large Urban Park, Hannah Bradford Clauss 2020 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Park Usage In Relationship To Available Features And Amenities In A Large Urban Park, Hannah Bradford Clauss

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between park features and park use in a large urban park. At 45.33 acres, West Hills Park has amenities such as athletic courts and fields, picnic areas, and a 1.9-mile paved trail. Methods: Park usage was assessed using the System for Observing Play and Recreation in Communities tool that measures use by gender, age, ethnicity, and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Data was collected in 18 zones over four days with three observations per day (morning, midday, and evening). Park features, amenities, and condition, were assessed ...


Feline-Human Zoonoses Transmission In North Africa: A Systematic Review, Breck Peterson 2020 University of North Florida

Feline-Human Zoonoses Transmission In North Africa: A Systematic Review, Breck Peterson

Showcase of Osprey Advancements in Research and Scholarship (SOARS)

Throughout human history, domestic animal species have represented a unique zoonotic disease risk for the transmission of pathogens ranging from viral, bacterial, parasitic, and fungal. In North Africa, cats have a particularly long record and occupy a specialized niche within many communities. This systematic review was conducted to analyze the current and historical literature documenting the breadth and variety of zoonoses in North Africa, specifically relating to the domesticated feline. Multiple electronic databases were searched on January 16, 2019 for published reports on feline zoonoses in North Africa. A total of 76 studies met the inclusion criteria for a full ...


The Geographic Disparities In Transportation-Related Physical Activity In The United States: An Analysis Of The 2017 Nhts Data, Hongwei Dong 2020 California State University, Fresno

The Geographic Disparities In Transportation-Related Physical Activity In The United States: An Analysis Of The 2017 Nhts Data, Hongwei Dong

Mineta Transportation Institute Publications

Research on the relationship between urbanicity and physical activity yielded mixed results despite many studies consistently showing that residents tended to undertake more transportation-related physical activity in a more urban environment. This study analyzed the 2017 NHTS data to examine the geographic disparities in physical activity, particularly transportation-related physical activity in the United States. Our analysis suggests the relationship between urbanicity and physical activity demonstrates a flat U-shape in graphed data. Residents are more physically active when they live in the areas from the two ends of the urbanization spectrum: inner cities and inner suburbs of large metropolitan areas and ...


Prevalence And Trends Of Asthma In United States (Us) Adults, 2005-2016: A National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey (Nhanes) Study, Oluwakemi A. Akinniyi MPH, Sedoafia Amelor MPH, Keya Dushyant Desai MPH, Jocelyn K. Elias MPH, Ankita Patel MPH, Sandeep Krishna Reddy MPH, Maureen Kennedy DrPH 2020 New York Medical College School of Health Sciences and Practice

Prevalence And Trends Of Asthma In United States (Us) Adults, 2005-2016: A National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey (Nhanes) Study, Oluwakemi A. Akinniyi Mph, Sedoafia Amelor Mph, Keya Dushyant Desai Mph, Jocelyn K. Elias Mph, Ankita Patel Mph, Sandeep Krishna Reddy Mph, Maureen Kennedy Drph

Annual SHSP Student Research and Scholarship Day

No abstract provided.


Impactos En La Salud Pública Y Desigualdades Frente Al Cambio Climático En América Latina: Una Aproximación Hacia Las Consecuencias Diferenciales De Las Inundaciones Y Olas De Calor En La Cuenca Matanza Riachuelo. / Public Health Impacts And Inequalities In The Face Of Climate Change In Latin America: An Approach Towards The Differential Consequences Of Floods And Heat Waves In The Matanza Riachuelo Watershed., Julia Mettler-Grove 2020 SIT Study Abroad

Impactos En La Salud Pública Y Desigualdades Frente Al Cambio Climático En América Latina: Una Aproximación Hacia Las Consecuencias Diferenciales De Las Inundaciones Y Olas De Calor En La Cuenca Matanza Riachuelo. / Public Health Impacts And Inequalities In The Face Of Climate Change In Latin America: An Approach Towards The Differential Consequences Of Floods And Heat Waves In The Matanza Riachuelo Watershed., Julia Mettler-Grove

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

La relación entre el cambio climático y la salud pública es un tema emergente y crítico para estudiar en la escala local, concretamente en lo que refiere a analizar los efectos producidos por las olas de calor y las inundaciones. Si bien existe un campo de investigación creciente sobre el tema, son pocos los trabajos que ahondan en la conexión con la salud pública, un elemento central para pensar en la gestión del cambio climático en las ciudades. Esto es precisamente lo que se propone hacer la presente investigación, tomando como caso de estudio la cuenca más urbanizada e industrializada ...


A Public Health Perspective On Gen X Contamination In Drinking Water, Allison Stevens 2020 Ohio Northern University

A Public Health Perspective On Gen X Contamination In Drinking Water, Allison Stevens

Honors Capstone Enhancement Presentations

No abstract provided.


Liposomal Bupivacaine Results In Cost Savings While Managing Post-Operative Pain In Fragility Intertrochanteric Hip Fractures, Nainisha Chintalapudi, Avinesh Agarwalla MD, Joana Lu PA, Hrayr G. Basmajian MD, Joseph N. Liu MD, Nirav H. Amin MD 2020 Westchester Medical Center

Liposomal Bupivacaine Results In Cost Savings While Managing Post-Operative Pain In Fragility Intertrochanteric Hip Fractures, Nainisha Chintalapudi, Avinesh Agarwalla Md, Joana Lu Pa, Hrayr G. Basmajian Md, Joseph N. Liu Md, Nirav H. Amin Md

Annual SHSP Student Research and Scholarship Day

No abstract provided.


An Exercise Program To Prevent Frailty In Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Proposed Pilot Study, Kendra Harrington, Mikhail Beg, Laura Kelly, Jinto Mathew, Neil Ryan 2020 Touro College and University System

An Exercise Program To Prevent Frailty In Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Proposed Pilot Study, Kendra Harrington, Mikhail Beg, Laura Kelly, Jinto Mathew, Neil Ryan

Annual SHSP Student Research and Scholarship Day

No abstract provided.


Investigating The Impact Of Asymptomatic Carriers On Covid-19 Transmission [Preprint], Jacob B. Aguilar, Jeremy Samuel Faust, Lauren M. Westafer, Juan B. Gutierrez 2020 Saint Leo University

Investigating The Impact Of Asymptomatic Carriers On Covid-19 Transmission [Preprint], Jacob B. Aguilar, Jeremy Samuel Faust, Lauren M. Westafer, Juan B. Gutierrez

COVID-19 Publications by UMMS Authors

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a novel human respiratory disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Asymptomatic carriers of the virus display no clinical symptoms but are known to be contagious. Recent evidence reveals that this sub-population, as well as persons with mild, represent a major contributor in the propagation of COVID-19. The asymptomatic sub-population frequently escapes detection by public health surveillance systems. Because of this, the currently accepted estimates of the basic reproduction number (Ro) of the virus are inaccurate. It is unlikely that a pathogen can blanket the planet in three months with an Ro in the vicinity of ...


Menstrual Health And Hygiene Management And Wash In Urban Slums: Gaps In The Evidence And Recommendations, Sarah J. Goddard MPH, MIA, Marni Sommer DrPh, MSN, RN 2020 Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health

Menstrual Health And Hygiene Management And Wash In Urban Slums: Gaps In The Evidence And Recommendations, Sarah J. Goddard Mph, Mia, Marni Sommer Drph, Msn, Rn

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

The rapid urbanization and development of megacities across many low- and middle-income countries creates new challenges in global health; this is particularly true for women and girls who are disproportionately affected by poor urban planning, inadequate sanitation infrastructure, and limited access to water. Urban slums serve to reinforce many gendered inequalities, as reflected in poor sexual and reproductive health outcomes and various other health and wellbeing indicators. Women and adolescent girls in urban slums are particularly vulnerable in relation to their experiences of menstruation, given the limited access they may have to safe, private spaces with water for changing, washing ...


Evaluating W.A.S.H. (Water, Sanitation And Hygiene) Interventions In Rural Schools Of West Bengal, India, Akudo Ejelonu, Huiran Feng, Thomas McKeon 2020 University of Pennsylvania

Evaluating W.A.S.H. (Water, Sanitation And Hygiene) Interventions In Rural Schools Of West Bengal, India, Akudo Ejelonu, Huiran Feng, Thomas Mckeon

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

Poor sanitation exacerbates adverse health outcomes such as infectious disease, diarrhea and childhood stunting. People of India suffer from disproportionately high rates of poor sanitation. Diarrheal diseases are preventable and better sanitation can reduce disease transmission through improved access to latrines, hygiene education and clean water. A significant concentration of behaviors related to poor sanitation occurring in India requires sustainability and an assessment of programs working towards improving water access, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). We assessed the health and environmental impact of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) such as Sarboday Sangha and Water for People which implemented WASH projects in about 141 ...


Comparing Individual Perceptions Of Food Desert With Quantitative Measures In Omaha, Nebraska., Hector N. Samani, Bradley Bereitschaft 2020 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Comparing Individual Perceptions Of Food Desert With Quantitative Measures In Omaha, Nebraska., Hector N. Samani, Bradley Bereitschaft

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Food deserts have been linked to an increase in chronic diseases such as obesity and diabetes, due to lower access to affordable and healthy foods. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) outlines various methods and variables for defining food deserts, in attempts to standardize what constitutes a food desert or their characteristics. The USDA identifies the state of Nebraska as having both rural and urban food deserts, with an increase of food insecurity from 1.1% – 3.0% between 2007 and 2012 and warns of further increase of food deserts and its impact if measures are not taken. However ...


Disparity In Risk Factor Severity For Early Childhood Blood Lead Among Predominantly African-American Black Children: The 1999 To 2010 Us Nhanes, Deniz Yeter, Ellen Banks, Michael Aschner 2020 Daemen College

Disparity In Risk Factor Severity For Early Childhood Blood Lead Among Predominantly African-American Black Children: The 1999 To 2010 Us Nhanes, Deniz Yeter, Ellen Banks, Michael Aschner

Articles & Book Chapters

There is no safe detectable level of lead (Pb) in the blood of young children. In the United States, predominantly African-American Black children are exposed to more Pb and present with the highest mean blood lead levels (BLLs). However, racial disparity has not been fully examined within risk factors for early childhood Pb exposure. Therefore, we conducted secondary analysis of blood Pb determinations for 2841 US children at ages 1–5 years with citizenship examined by the cross-sectional 1999 to 2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). The primary measures were racial disparities for continuous BLLs or an elevated ...


Frequent Mutation Of Hypoxia-Related Genes In Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension Of The Newborn, Mingbang Wang, Deyi Zhuang, Mei Mei, Haiyan Ma, Zixiu Li, Fusheng He, Guoqiang Cheng, Guang Lin, Wenhao Zhou 2020 Children's Hospital of Fudan University

Frequent Mutation Of Hypoxia-Related Genes In Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension Of The Newborn, Mingbang Wang, Deyi Zhuang, Mei Mei, Haiyan Ma, Zixiu Li, Fusheng He, Guoqiang Cheng, Guang Lin, Wenhao Zhou

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

AIMS: Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) is characterized by sustained high levels of pulmonary vascular resistance after birth with etiology unclear; Arterial blood oxygen saturation of Tibetan newborns at high latitudes is higher than that of Han newborns at low latitudes, suggesting that genetic adaptation may allow sufficient oxygen to confer Tibetan populations with resistance to pulmonary hypertension; We have previously identified genetic factors related to PPHN through candidate gene sequencing; In this study, we first performed whole exome sequencing in PPHN patients to screen for genetic-related factors.

METHODS AND RESULTS: In this two-phase genetic study, we first ...


Gender Identity And Sexual Orientation Identity In Women And Men Prenatally Exposed To Diethylstilbestrol, Rebecca Troisi, Julie R. Palmer, Elizabeth E. Hatch, William C. Strohsnitter, Dezheng Huo, Marianne Hyer, Karen I. Fredriksen-Goldsen, Robert Hoover, Linda Titus 2020 National Cancer Institute

Gender Identity And Sexual Orientation Identity In Women And Men Prenatally Exposed To Diethylstilbestrol, Rebecca Troisi, Julie R. Palmer, Elizabeth E. Hatch, William C. Strohsnitter, Dezheng Huo, Marianne Hyer, Karen I. Fredriksen-Goldsen, Robert Hoover, Linda Titus

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

We assessed the associations of prenatal diethylstilbestrol (DES) exposure, a potent estrogen, with sexual orientation and gender identity in 3306 women and 1848 men who participated in a study of prenatal DES exposure. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were derived from logistic regression models adjusted for birth year, study cohort, and education. Among women, the OR for DES in relation to reporting sexual orientation identity as nonheterosexual was 0.61 (95% CI 0.40-0.92) primarily due to a strong inverse association with a lesbian identity (OR 0.44, 95% CI 0.25-0.76). Among men, the ...


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