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S12: Assessing Ambulatory Care Pharmacist Interest In Scholarly Activities, Christopher O. Hernandez 2021 Roseman University of Health Sciences

S12: Assessing Ambulatory Care Pharmacist Interest In Scholarly Activities, Christopher O. Hernandez

Annual Research Symposium

No abstract provided.


O4: Using Principles Of Continuous Improvement To Impact Hospital Consumer Assessment Of Healthcare Providers And Systems (Hcahps) Scores Through Pharmacy-Driven Interventions, Brittany Harnicher, Bertha Castrellon, Dongkoo Khang, Monique Gurney, Rick Carlson 2021 Roseman University of Health Sciences

O4: Using Principles Of Continuous Improvement To Impact Hospital Consumer Assessment Of Healthcare Providers And Systems (Hcahps) Scores Through Pharmacy-Driven Interventions, Brittany Harnicher, Bertha Castrellon, Dongkoo Khang, Monique Gurney, Rick Carlson

Annual Research Symposium

Purpose

Intermountain Healthcare’s operating model is one of continuous improvement. This model was used to identify barriers and develop pharmacy-driven interventions to improve the communication about medicines domain scores within the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey. This survey offers objective and meaningful information that is important for consumers and creates incentives for hospitals to improve quality of care. This study took place at Riverton Hospital, a 97-bed community hospital that is part of the Intermountain Healthcare system in Utah.

Methods

We reported scores from the surveys between January 1, 2020 and September 30, 2020 ...


Analysis Of Gabapentinoids Abuse-Reports In The Middle East And North Africa Region Utilizing The Food And Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System, Mona Yaser Alsheikh, Ali Mofleh Alshahrani, Reem Dhayan Almutairi, Hana Abdulmohsen Althobaiti, Ahmed Ibrahim Fathelrahman, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Moudi Mubarak Alasmari 2021 Taif University

Analysis Of Gabapentinoids Abuse-Reports In The Middle East And North Africa Region Utilizing The Food And Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System, Mona Yaser Alsheikh, Ali Mofleh Alshahrani, Reem Dhayan Almutairi, Hana Abdulmohsen Althobaiti, Ahmed Ibrahim Fathelrahman, Enrique Seoane-Vazquez, Moudi Mubarak Alasmari

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify abuse-related post-marketing reports associated with gabapentinoids use in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region countries. Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional analysis of abuse-related adverse drug event (ADE) reports from the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. It was performed using the Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database from January 2008 through June 2020. Abuserelated ADE reports for gabapentin and pregabalin were extracted from the FAERS database. Descriptive statistics were performed, and the proportional reporting ratio (PRR) was calculated to detect disproportional attribution of abuse-related ADEs ...


Predisposing, Enabling, And Need Factors Associated With The Choice Of Pharmacy Type In The Us: Findings From The 2015/2016 National Consumer Survey On The Medication Experience And Pharmacists’ Roles, Mohamed Rashrash, Suhila Sawesi, Jon C. Schommer, Lawrence M. Brown 2021 Chapman University

Predisposing, Enabling, And Need Factors Associated With The Choice Of Pharmacy Type In The Us: Findings From The 2015/2016 National Consumer Survey On The Medication Experience And Pharmacists’ Roles, Mohamed Rashrash, Suhila Sawesi, Jon C. Schommer, Lawrence M. Brown

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background: Knowing the type of pharmacy used by the patient is meaningful to the pharmacist. Previous studies have assessed different factors predicting the kind of pharmacy selection and reached inconsistent findings. Objectives: To identify patient and health-related factors associated with pharmacy type selection. Methods: The Andersen Behavioral Model of Health Service Use was used to organize the selection of patient characteristics and categorize them as predisposing, enabling, and need factors. The dependent variable was the type of pharmacy used. Logistic regression was used to predict the association between patient-related characteristics and the type of pharmacy used. Results: Older age respondents ...


Drug-Drug Interactions In Subjects Enrolled In Swog Trials Of Oral Chemotherapy, Lauren A. Marcath, Colin M. Finley, Siu Fun Wong, Daniel L. Hertz 2021 Washington State University

Drug-Drug Interactions In Subjects Enrolled In Swog Trials Of Oral Chemotherapy, Lauren A. Marcath, Colin M. Finley, Siu Fun Wong, Daniel L. Hertz

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

Patients with cancer are at increased risk of drug-drug interactions (DDI), which can increase treatment toxicity or decrease efficacy. It is especially important to thoroughly screen DDI in oncology clinical trial subjects to ensure trial subject safety and data accuracy. This study determined the prevalence of potential DDI involving oral anti-cancer trial agents in subjects enrolled in two SWOG clinical trials.

Methods

Completed SWOG clinical trials of commercially available agents with possible DDI that had complete concomitant medication information available at enrollment were included. Screening for DDI was conducted through three methods: protocol-guided screening, Lexicomp® screening, and pharmacist determination ...


Categorization Of Marketed Artificial Tear Formulations Based On Their Ingredients: A Rational Approach For Their Use, Avani Kathuria, Kiumars Shamloo, Vishal Jhanji, Ajay Sharma 2021 Chapman University

Categorization Of Marketed Artificial Tear Formulations Based On Their Ingredients: A Rational Approach For Their Use, Avani Kathuria, Kiumars Shamloo, Vishal Jhanji, Ajay Sharma

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Dry eye disease is a common ocular condition affecting millions of people worldwide. Artificial tears are the first line therapy for the management of dry eye disease. Artificial tear formulations contain a variety of active ingredients, biologically active excipients, and preservatives. Many of these formulations are also available as preservative-free. This study was conducted to inspect artificial tear formulations currently marketed in the United States for their active ingredients, biologically relevant excipients, and preservatives. The marketed artificial tears were examined at various US retail pharmacy chains and using the manufacturers’ website to compile information about active ingredients, inactive ingredients, and ...


N-Nitrosodimethylamine (Ndma) Contamination Of Ranitidine Products: A Review Of Recent Findings, Fahad S. Aldawsari, Yahya M. Alshehri, Thamer S. Alghamdi 2021 Drug Reference Laboratory, Saudi Food and Drug Authority

N-Nitrosodimethylamine (Ndma) Contamination Of Ranitidine Products: A Review Of Recent Findings, Fahad S. Aldawsari, Yahya M. Alshehri, Thamer S. Alghamdi

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Ranitidine is a medication that has been used to alleviate heartburn and other disorders for over 40 years. Following reports of N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) contamination in ranitidine products, there have been many recalls and registration suspensions. Here, we revise the literature information confirming ranitidine association with NDMA. Then, we highlight the documented mechanisms for NDMA release from ranitidine. In addition, the stability issue for this medicine is discussed. After that, we review and discuss the results of the United States Food and Drug Administration and the Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration laboratory testing of ranitidine products and the detected NDMA levels. Finally ...


Nanomaterials As Novel Cardiovascular Theranostics, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Subhaswaraj Pattnaik, Siddhardha Busi, Surya M. Nauli 2021 Chapman University

Nanomaterials As Novel Cardiovascular Theranostics, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Subhaswaraj Pattnaik, Siddhardha Busi, Surya M. Nauli

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a group of conditions associated with heart and blood vessels and are considered the leading cause of death globally. Coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction represents the CVDs. Since CVDs are associated with a series of pathophysiological conditions with an alarming mortality and morbidity rate, early diagnosis and appropriate therapeutic approaches are critical for saving patients’ lives. Conventionally, diagnostic tools are employed to detect disease conditions, whereas therapeutic drug candidates are administered to mitigate diseases. However, the advent of nanotechnological platforms has revolutionized the current understanding of pathophysiology and therapeutic measures. The concept of combinatorial therapy ...


Evaluating Opioid Dispensing Rates Among Pediatrics And Young Adults Based On Cures Data Reporting In California From 2015–2019, Michael T. Phan, Courtney Wong, Daniel M. Tomaszewski, Zeev N. Kain, Brooke Jenkins, Candice D. Donaldson, Michelle Fortier, Sun Yang 2021 Chapman University

Evaluating Opioid Dispensing Rates Among Pediatrics And Young Adults Based On Cures Data Reporting In California From 2015–2019, Michael T. Phan, Courtney Wong, Daniel M. Tomaszewski, Zeev N. Kain, Brooke Jenkins, Candice D. Donaldson, Michelle Fortier, Sun Yang

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

Receipt of opioid prescriptions in pediatric and young adult patients may be a risk factor for future opioid misuse. Data from prescription drug monitoring programs provide insight on outpatient opioid use. In our study, we analyzed the opioid dispensing rates for pediatrics and young adults in California. Methods

A secondary analysis was performed from 2015–2019 using Controlled Utilization Review and Evaluation System data. This database provides dispensing data of controlled substances in California. Patients younger than 25 years who were prescribed opiates were analyzed by county. We further divided them into two groups (children: ≤14 years; adolescents and ...


Guideline-Directed Heart Failure Therapy In Patients After Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation, Bailey M. Colvin, James C. Coons, Craig J. Beavers 2021 West Virginia University Medicine

Guideline-Directed Heart Failure Therapy In Patients After Left Ventricular Assist Device Implantation, Bailey M. Colvin, James C. Coons, Craig J. Beavers

The VAD Journal

Background: Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are used as an advanced therapy option for patients with stage D heart failure. These devices provide mechanical unloading of the heart as either a bridge to transplant or recovery, or as destination therapy. In patients with LVADs, there are emerging data on the use of heart failure guideline-directed medical therapy (GDMT) to improve outcomes. This review describes the current evidence available for the use of neurohormonal blocking agents in patients with LVADs.

Methods: Articles were found using PubMed and web searches for heart failure therapies/neurohormonal blockade and LVADs. Studies were included if ...


Stability Evaluation Of Extemporaneously Compounded Vancomycin Ophthalmic Drops: Effect Of Solvents And Storage Conditions, Christopher Ross, Basir Syed, Joanna Pak, Vishal Jhanji, Jason Yamaki, Ajay Sharma 2021 Chapman University

Stability Evaluation Of Extemporaneously Compounded Vancomycin Ophthalmic Drops: Effect Of Solvents And Storage Conditions, Christopher Ross, Basir Syed, Joanna Pak, Vishal Jhanji, Jason Yamaki, Ajay Sharma

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Vancomycin is the drug of choice for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus keratitis and other ocular infections. Vancomycin ophthalmic drops are not commercially available and require compounding. The present study was designed to investigate the stability of vancomycin ophthalmic drops in normal saline, phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), and balanced salt solution (BSS) while stored at room temperature or under refrigeration. Vancomycin ophthalmic drops (50 mg/mL) were aseptically prepared from commercially available intravenous powder using PBS, BSS, and saline. Solutions were stored at room temperature and in a refrigerator for 28 days. The vancomycin stability was tested by a microbiology assay and high-performance ...


Sars-Cov-2 Early Infection Signature Identified Potential Key Infection Mechanisms And Drug Targets, Yue Li, Ashley Duche, Michael R. Sayer, Don Roosan, Farid G. Khalafalla, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Jennifer Totonchy, Moom Roosan 2021 Chapman University

Sars-Cov-2 Early Infection Signature Identified Potential Key Infection Mechanisms And Drug Targets, Yue Li, Ashley Duche, Michael R. Sayer, Don Roosan, Farid G. Khalafalla, Rennolds S. Ostrom, Jennifer Totonchy, Moom Roosan

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Background

The ongoing COVID-19 outbreak has caused devastating mortality and posed a significant threat to public health worldwide. Despite the severity of this illness and 2.3 million worldwide deaths, the disease mechanism is mostly unknown. Previous studies that characterized differential gene expression due to SARS-CoV-2 infection lacked robust validation. Although vaccines are now available, effective treatment options are still out of reach.

Results

To characterize the transcriptional activity of SARS-CoV-2 infection, a gene signature consisting of 25 genes was generated using a publicly available RNA-Sequencing (RNA-Seq) dataset of cultured cells infected with SARS-CoV-2. The signature estimated infection level accurately ...


Label‑Free Spectral Imaging To Study Drug Distribution And Metabolism In Single Living Cells, Qamar Alshammari, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Nir Katzir, Surya M. Nauli 2021 Chapman University

Label‑Free Spectral Imaging To Study Drug Distribution And Metabolism In Single Living Cells, Qamar Alshammari, Rajasekharreddy Pala, Nir Katzir, Surya M. Nauli

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

During drug development, evaluation of drug and its metabolite is an essential process to understand drug activity, stability, toxicity and distribution. Liquid chromatography (LC) coupled with mass spectrometry (MS) has become the standard analytical tool for screening and identifying drug metabolites. Unlike LC/MS approach requiring liquifying the biological samples, we showed that spectral imaging (or spectral microscopy) could provide high-resolution images of doxorubicin (dox) and its metabolite doxorubicinol (dox’ol) in single living cells. Using this new method, we performed measurements without destroying the biological samples. We calculated the rate constant of dox translocating from extracellular moiety into the ...


Evaluating Risk Factors For Acute Graft Versus Host Disease In Pediatric Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Patients Receiving Tacrolimus, Michael Phan, Rishikesh Chavan, Richard Beuttler, Nicole Benipayo, Grace Magedman, David Buchbinder, Daniel Tomaszewski, Sun Yang 2021 Chapman University

Evaluating Risk Factors For Acute Graft Versus Host Disease In Pediatric Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Patients Receiving Tacrolimus, Michael Phan, Rishikesh Chavan, Richard Beuttler, Nicole Benipayo, Grace Magedman, David Buchbinder, Daniel Tomaszewski, Sun Yang

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

To identify the clinical and pharmacological risk factors associated with tacrolimus pharmacodynamics for acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) in pediatric patients receiving allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from a matched related donor. A retrospective cohort single center chart review study was conducted with pediatric patients who received tacrolimus prophylaxis after allogeneic HSCT between January 1, 2017, and December 31, 2019. Potential risk factors were tested separately between aGVHD and non-aGVHD cohorts and were further analyzed in a logistic regression model with backward elimination and a partial least squares discriminant analysis. Thirty-three patient cases were included in our study and 52 ...


A Global Review On Short Peptides: Frontiers And Perspectives, Vasso Apostolopoulos, Joanna Bojarska, Tsun-Thai Chai, Sherif Elnagdy, Krzysztof Kaczmarek, John Matsoukas, Roger New, Keykavous Parang, Octavio Paredes Lopez, Hamideh Parhiz, Conrad O. Perera, Monica Pickholz, Milan Remko, Michele Saviano, Mariusz Skwarczynski, Yefeng Tang, Wojciech M. Wolf, Taku Yoshiya, Janusz Zabrocki, Piotr Zielenkiewicz, Maha AlKhazindar, Vanessa Barriga, Konstantinos Kelaidonis, Elham Mousavinezhad Sarasia, Istvan Toth 2021 Victoria University

A Global Review On Short Peptides: Frontiers And Perspectives, Vasso Apostolopoulos, Joanna Bojarska, Tsun-Thai Chai, Sherif Elnagdy, Krzysztof Kaczmarek, John Matsoukas, Roger New, Keykavous Parang, Octavio Paredes Lopez, Hamideh Parhiz, Conrad O. Perera, Monica Pickholz, Milan Remko, Michele Saviano, Mariusz Skwarczynski, Yefeng Tang, Wojciech M. Wolf, Taku Yoshiya, Janusz Zabrocki, Piotr Zielenkiewicz, Maha Alkhazindar, Vanessa Barriga, Konstantinos Kelaidonis, Elham Mousavinezhad Sarasia, Istvan Toth

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Peptides are fragments of proteins that carry out biological functions. They act as signaling entities via all domains of life and interfere with protein-protein interactions, which are indispensable in bio-processes. Short peptides include fundamental molecular information for a prelude to the symphony of life. They have aroused considerable interest due to their unique features and great promise in innovative bio-therapies. This work focusing on the current state-of-the-art short peptide-based therapeutical developments is the first global review written by researchers from all continents, as a celebration of 100 years of peptide therapeutics since the commencement of insulin therapy in the 1920s ...


Development Of An Online Warfarin Dosing Platform Using R Programming Language To Facilitate Healthcare Professional Duties And Limit Medication Related Errors., Monther Alsultan 2021 Virginia Commonwealth University

Development Of An Online Warfarin Dosing Platform Using R Programming Language To Facilitate Healthcare Professional Duties And Limit Medication Related Errors., Monther Alsultan

Graduate Research Posters

Development of an online warfarin dosing platform using R programming language to facilitate healthcare professional duties and limit medication related errors.

Monther Alsultan, Joshua M. Morriss, Daniel Contaifer Jr, Suad Alshammari; Silas Contaifer, Rachel W Flurie, Dayanjan S. Wijesinghe#

Department of Pharmacotherapy and Outcome Sciences

Objective: 1) Gain experience in developing platform agnostic, fully operational and clinically relevant web applications for effective pharmacist led patient care. 2) Create a decision- support tool using open source software to facilitate evidence-based management therapy of warfarin in clinical settings where it is available for everyone to use at anytime and anywhere.

Introduction: Healthcare ...


Use Of Crispr/Cas9 In Canine Liver Organoids To Model The Wild-Type P-Glycoprotein Mutation, Leeann Shelssya Aguilar Meza 2021 Iowa State University

Use Of Crispr/Cas9 In Canine Liver Organoids To Model The Wild-Type P-Glycoprotein Mutation, Leeann Shelssya Aguilar Meza

Creative Components

The use of CRISPR/Cas is a boom in the news regarding curing genetic diseases. It seems science fiction that someone can cut a mutation and paste the same gene without errors. Many animal studies are using this mechanism. In this case, we explore the use of CRISPR/Cas in organoids extracted from dogs. We present the use of Homology Directed Repair (HDR) to create a WT four base deletion, a PGP mutation. Also, humans have the P-gp protein transcribed by the MDR-1 gene. Its mutations affect P-gp activity. Editing this mutation in dogs could better understand how CRISPR/Cas ...


Hydroxychloroquine For Therapeutic Management Of Covid-19: Breakthrough Or Flash In The Pan?, Ridhi Jani 2021 Iowa State University

Hydroxychloroquine For Therapeutic Management Of Covid-19: Breakthrough Or Flash In The Pan?, Ridhi Jani

Creative Components

Hydroxychloroquine is a drug used primarily to treat malaria, but in the 2020 pandemic, the drug caught the world's attention to treat the novel virus, SARS-CoV-2. Because of the drug's mechanism, research that started in China and France spread to the world and is still being studied. Questions remain as to whether hydroxychloroquine is a breakthrough or a flash in the pan. A literature review summarizes hydroxychloroquine research in various methods to help understand and answer the question.


Frequency Of Genetic Polymorphisms Of Cyp2c19 In Native Hawaiian, And Asian And Pacific Islander Subgroups: Implications For Personalized Medicine, Khalifa Y. Alrajeh, Youssef Roman Dr 2021 Virginia Commonwealth University

Frequency Of Genetic Polymorphisms Of Cyp2c19 In Native Hawaiian, And Asian And Pacific Islander Subgroups: Implications For Personalized Medicine, Khalifa Y. Alrajeh, Youssef Roman Dr

Graduate Research Posters

Pharmacogenetic testing, where prescriptions are tailored to the individual patient based on his/her genetic makeup, increases the ability to predict individual drug response. However, little is known about the prevalence of clinically actionable pharmacogenes in diverse populations. This study seeks to assess the prevalence of select drug-gene alleles that are implicated in the metabolism of commonly prescribed drugs, so-called Very Important Pharmacogenes (VIPs). The results of this study will fill in the gaps of knowledge of VIPs in underrepresented populations and characterize their potential risk for drug adverse events or due to their underlying genetic polymorphisms, especially in patients ...


Understanding The Variable Drivers Of Toxicity For The Broad Class Of Carbon Nanotubes And Nanofibers From U.S. Facilities, Kelly E. Fraser 2021 West Virginia University

Understanding The Variable Drivers Of Toxicity For The Broad Class Of Carbon Nanotubes And Nanofibers From U.S. Facilities, Kelly E. Fraser

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Pulmonary exposure to carbon nanotubes or nanofibers (CNT/F) is known to induce inflammation, toxicity, or tumorigenesis, and is a concern in the occupational setting. U. S. facility employees are at risk of inhalation exposure of multi-walled carbon nanotubes and carbon nanofibers during primary and secondary manufacturing. To date, only one MWCNT, Mitsui-7 has been classified as possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B), while all other materials were subsequently categorized as unclassifiable (Group 3). This class of material has recently been listed as a high priority to the International Agency for Research on Cancer due to this significant knowledge gap ...


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