Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Other Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

789 Full-Text Articles 2,132 Authors 179,895 Downloads 72 Institutions

All Articles in Other Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences

Faceted Search

789 full-text articles. Page 7 of 37.

Sulforaphane Protects Against Ethanol-Induced Apoptosis And Teratogenesis Through Epigenetic Modulation Of Anti-Apoptotic Genes., Yihong Li 2020 University of Louisville

Sulforaphane Protects Against Ethanol-Induced Apoptosis And Teratogenesis Through Epigenetic Modulation Of Anti-Apoptotic Genes., Yihong Li

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Background. Ethanol-induced excessive apoptosis in neural crest cells (NCCs), a multipotent progenitor cell population, is one of the major mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). However, the molecular mechanisms underlying FASD that results from maternal alcohol exposure during pregnancy are poorly understood. The overall goals of this study are to examine the mechanisms by which ethanol induces apoptosis and malformations in vitro and in vivo, and to develop a nutritional-based approach by using SFN and SFN-rich BSE to prevent FASD through epigenetic modulation. Results. This study demonstrates that ethanol exposure resulted in a significant increase in ...


Profil Terapi Antihipertensi Dan Antihiperlipidemia Terhadap Fungsi Ginjal Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 Dengan Komplikasi Penyakit Ginjal Kronis Di Rsup Dr. Hasan Sadikin, Fitri Rachmaini, Lia Amalia, Cherry Rahayu 2020 Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Andalas, Sumatera Barat, Indonesia

Profil Terapi Antihipertensi Dan Antihiperlipidemia Terhadap Fungsi Ginjal Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 Dengan Komplikasi Penyakit Ginjal Kronis Di Rsup Dr. Hasan Sadikin, Fitri Rachmaini, Lia Amalia, Cherry Rahayu

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) complication increases the risk of morbidity and mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DMT2) patients. The presence of hypertension and dyslipidemia as comorbidity increases the risk of macrovascular and microvascular complications and further adding to the list of drugs used. Management of this comorbidity is essential to prevent cardiovascular events and minimize kidney damage. This study aimed to evaluate therapeutic profile of antihypertensive and antihyperlipidemia drugs towards kidney function in DMT2 patients with CKD complication at Dr. Hasan Sadikin Hospital. Study was done by using a prospective single cohort design with consecutive sampling technique and obtained ...


Formulasi Gel Ekstrak Daun Kelor (Moringa Oleifera Lamk) Sebagai Sediaan Antiinflamasi, Nining Sugihartini, Syauqul Jannah, Tedjo Yuwono 2020 Fakultas Farmasi, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Jakarta, Indonesia

Formulasi Gel Ekstrak Daun Kelor (Moringa Oleifera Lamk) Sebagai Sediaan Antiinflamasi, Nining Sugihartini, Syauqul Jannah, Tedjo Yuwono

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

The development of anti-inflammatory gel of Moringa oleifera leaf extract has been performed. This study aimed to determine the physical properties, irritation index and anti-inflammatory activity of gel with various concentration of Moringa oleifera leaf extract. The extract was obtained by maceration method using ethanol 70%. The extracts were formulated in a gel with a concentration of 3%, 6%, 9% by using Carbopol 940 as gelling agent. The gel was evaluated for its physical properties (viscosity, pH, spreadability, adhesivity), irritation index with rabbit test animals and anti-inflammatory activity with mice test animals based on epidermal thickness parameters. The test results ...


Evaluation Of Potential Drug Interaction Of Analgesic In Cancer Patient Receiving Palliative Care In Dharmais Cancer Hospital, Eme Stepani Sitepu, Atika Wahyu Puspitasari, Nuriza Ulul Azmi, Lila Nilam Sari 2020 Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia

Evaluation Of Potential Drug Interaction Of Analgesic In Cancer Patient Receiving Palliative Care In Dharmais Cancer Hospital, Eme Stepani Sitepu, Atika Wahyu Puspitasari, Nuriza Ulul Azmi, Lila Nilam Sari

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Analgesics are mostly used in cancer patients receiving palliative care to improve the quality of life of patients. Besides analgesics, cancer patients receiving palliative care were also given other drugs in combination to overcome other symptoms of cancer, and this combination could potentially cause drug interactions. This study was aimed to analyze the potential of drug interactions with analgesics in cancer patients. The study design was cross-sectional with a retrospective method and descriptive study. The sample of this study was cancer palliative care patient’s prescription at Dharmais Cancer Hospital in the period of January – December 2017. The sample analyzed ...


Development Of Ethanolic Extract Of Pinang Masak Jambi (Areca Catechu L.) As A Modulator Of Doxorubicin Cytotoxic Effect In Breast Cancer Therapy, Fitrianingsih Fitrianingsih, Indri Maharini, Diah Tri Utami 2020 Pharmacy Study Program, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Jambi, Jambi, Indonesia

Development Of Ethanolic Extract Of Pinang Masak Jambi (Areca Catechu L.) As A Modulator Of Doxorubicin Cytotoxic Effect In Breast Cancer Therapy, Fitrianingsih Fitrianingsih, Indri Maharini, Diah Tri Utami

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Doxorubicin is one of the chemotherapy agents that is often used in breast cancer therapy. Phenomenon of breast cancer cell resistance to chemotherapy agents has been traced to the molecular level. The development of compounds that can overcome drug resistance chemotherapy needs to be continuously developed, especially agents with specific molecular targets, namely P-glycoprotein (Pgp), NFkB, cyclin, and cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK). Another alternative is the combination of chemotherapy agents with chemopreventive agents (co-chemotherapy) to reduce side effects and increase sensitivity of cancer cells. Doxorubicin is often used in breast cancer therapy. This study was performed to determine the effect of ...


Anti-Proliferative Effects Of A Coumarin Benjaminin On Four Human Cancer Cell Lines, Siau Hui Mah, Soek Sin Teh, Ahmad Azri Fitri Ismail, Gwendoline Cheng Lian Ee 2020 School of Biosciences, Taylor’s University, Lakeside Campus, 47500 Subang Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia

Anti-Proliferative Effects Of A Coumarin Benjaminin On Four Human Cancer Cell Lines, Siau Hui Mah, Soek Sin Teh, Ahmad Azri Fitri Ismail, Gwendoline Cheng Lian Ee

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Cancer is a major health issue around the globe. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are no longer the standard treatments for patients as these remedies lead to many adverse effects. Thus, the development of alternative effective drugs from lead compounds, especially natural products is necessary. This study aimed to isolate cytotoxic phytochemical constituents from a plant Calophyllum inophyllum, which has been used as traditional medicine since ancient time. The root of C. inophyllum was extracted and subjected for phytochemical constituent isolation. A coumarin, benjaminin (1) was isolated successfully from the chloroform extract and its structural elucidation was performed by spectroscopy analyses ...


Ace Inhibitory Activity And Functional Group Analysis Of Solvent- Partitioned Fractions Of Eleusine Indica, Jade Celon Cometa, Liahona Faith Roldan Mancol, Anthony Nalzaro Yen, Joanne Katherine Talens Manlusoc 2020 Adamson University – College of Pharmacy, 900 San Marcelino St. Ermita Manila 1000 Philippines

Ace Inhibitory Activity And Functional Group Analysis Of Solvent- Partitioned Fractions Of Eleusine Indica, Jade Celon Cometa, Liahona Faith Roldan Mancol, Anthony Nalzaro Yen, Joanne Katherine Talens Manlusoc

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Eleusine indica Linn. Gaerth or Indian goose grass has been widely used as an alternative natural anti-hypertensive agent. However, the rationale behind this mechanism is still unknown. The purpose of this study is to confirm the presence of functional groups that may be responsible for its ACE inhibitory activity and its possible synergism. Each solvent-portioned fraction was analyzed by FTIR, individual ACE inhibitory activity, and combination of fractions. FTIR results of solvent- partitioned fractions revealed that O-H and C-H stretches were present in all fractions. In addition to this, C-O and C=O groups were also present in all fractions ...


Assessment Of Depression Among Older Adults Staying In Old Home Care In Klang, Malaysia, Muhammad Qamar, Nurul Zahirah, Sohail Ahmad 2020 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, MAHSA University, Bandar Saujana Putra, 42610 Jenjarom, Kuala Langat, Selangor, Malaysia

Assessment Of Depression Among Older Adults Staying In Old Home Care In Klang, Malaysia, Muhammad Qamar, Nurul Zahirah, Sohail Ahmad

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

Mental disorders such as depression are widespread, often underdiagnosed, and usually inappropriately treated. The early recognition of factors that may promote depression with the help of depression screening aid can help to plan better care for the patient. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the depression prevalence among the older adults staying in old home care, to explore any association and differences of depression across various socio-demographic variables, and to study the predictors of depression among study subjects. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a convenience sample of 141 elderly by using the validated tool. The study instrument was divided ...


Encapsulation Of Temulawak Extract By Using Nanocrystalline Cassava And Sago Starches And Maltodextrin, Titi Candra Sunarti, Fatimah J. Pasaribu, Christina Winarti 2020 Department of Agroindustrial Technology, Bogor Agricultural University (IPB University), Indonesia

Encapsulation Of Temulawak Extract By Using Nanocrystalline Cassava And Sago Starches And Maltodextrin, Titi Candra Sunarti, Fatimah J. Pasaribu, Christina Winarti

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

This study was conducted to evaluate the performance of Curcuma zanthorrhiza crude extract after encapsulated in nanocrystalline starch, and to investigate the effect of the ratio of nanocrystalline starches and maltodextrin; and the effect of concentration of temulawak extract on nanocapsule characteristics, as well as encapsulation effect on the stability of antioxidant activity. Preparation of nanocrystalline starch was conducted by using lintnerization and ethanol precipitation of cassava and sago starches. Nanocrystalline starch and maltodextrin were used as matrices with the ratio varied from 25:75, 50:50, and 75:25. The mixture of temulawak extract and matrices were homogenized and ...


An Exploration Of Electrospun Fibers Containing Drug-Cyclodextrin Inclusion Complexes, Fatimah Fatimah, Zeynep Aytac, Tamer Uyar, George Pasparakis, Gareth R. Williams 2020 UCL School of Pharmacy, 29-39 Brunswick Square, London WC1N 1AX, United Kingdom

An Exploration Of Electrospun Fibers Containing Drug-Cyclodextrin Inclusion Complexes, Fatimah Fatimah, Zeynep Aytac, Tamer Uyar, George Pasparakis, Gareth R. Williams

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

A series of new core-shell fibers were developed containing anticancer drugs (5-fluorouracil or ferulic acid) and their cyclodextrin inclusion complexes, with a gadolinium-based magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent. These were prepared by electrospinning, a simple method for producing ultra-fine fibers through the application of a strong electrostatic force on a polymer solution. The shell of the fibers was formed from Eudragit S100, and the drugs were loaded in the core. Scanning electron microscopy images showed the formation of smooth ribbon-like fibers, with diameters ranging from 1.4 to 5.1 μm, and transmission electron microscopy reveals a transparent interface ...


Interaction Of Thymidine With Sodium Bis(2-Ethylhexyl) Sulfosuccinate In Alcohol And Water: Studies With Uv-Vis Technique, Indu M. Paudel, Ajaya Bhattarai 2020 Department of Chemistry, Central Campus of Technology, Tribhuvan University, Hattisar, Dharan, Nepal

Interaction Of Thymidine With Sodium Bis(2-Ethylhexyl) Sulfosuccinate In Alcohol And Water: Studies With Uv-Vis Technique, Indu M. Paudel, Ajaya Bhattarai

Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research

The accurate measurement of thymidine absorbance in the presence of sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate (AOT) in ethanol and water systems at room temperature by UV-vis technique has been reported. The AOT concentrations varied from 0.0005 to 0.014 [mol/L] in ethanol whereas from 0.0002 to 0.042 [mol/L] in water. The concentration of thymidine was 0.0073 [mol/L] during UV-vis spectrum registration. The thymidine spectrum was examined in the presence of AOT concentration. Using a statistical method of non-linear regression (NLREG), thymidine binding and thymidine distribution constants were evaluated. A noticeable decrease in thymidine absorbance ...


Evaluation Of A Tiered Opioid Prescribing Guideline For Inpatient Colorectal Operations, David C. Meyer 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Evaluation Of A Tiered Opioid Prescribing Guideline For Inpatient Colorectal Operations, David C. Meyer

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Background:

In light of the opioid epidemic, reducing excess prescription quantities while tailoring to patient need is key. We previously created an opioid prescribing guideline using retrospective institutional data to satisfy the majority of patients’ opioid needs following inpatient colorectal surgery.

Objective:

This study sought to prospectively validate an institutional prescribing guideline based on previously-defined opioid consumption patterns following inpatient colorectal operations.

Methods:

We carried out a cohort study comparing opioid prescribing and consumption patterns before (7/18 – 1/19) and after (9/19 – 2/20) adoption of a tiered opioid prescribing guideline for inpatient elective colorectal operations (colectomies, proctectomies ...


Gauging Interest In An Elective Course To Further Careers In Healthcare Academia, Karielle Shaffery 2020 Ohio Northern University

Gauging Interest In An Elective Course To Further Careers In Healthcare Academia, Karielle Shaffery

ONU Student Research Colloquium

There has been continuous growth in the number of pharmacy schools, which has led to an expanded need for pharmacy faculty members. Although there is a recognized and unmet need for such faculty, the topic of pharmacy academia is sparsely addressed in pharmacy programs. Integrating students in an elective teaching course during their didactic education, prior to determination of their career path, could inspire more students to take on the role of an educator. Ideally, allowing students to have first-hand experience in academia focused activities and exposing them to the responsibilities of an academician could peak interest in this area ...


Annual Evaluation Of The Student's Perception Of The Value Of Writing Goals, Renee Kuess 2020 Ohio Northern University

Annual Evaluation Of The Student's Perception Of The Value Of Writing Goals, Renee Kuess

ONU Student Research Colloquium

Focus: This study focused on pharmacy students’ perception of the value of writing goals and how this perception changes as students progress in the program.

Methods: Annually, all students in the pharmacy program are required to reflect on the previous year’s goals and develop new goals. Following this assignment, a survey was sent out to a random sample (n=162) of students. Based on the feedback, the response was classified as indicating “value” or “no value”.

Results: Of the 162 surveys sent out, there were 78 completed responses. 56.25% of responses indicated the student found “value” in the ...


The Urban/Rural Divide In Access To Medication-Assisted Treatment For Opioid Use Disorder In Utah, Debasree DasGupta, Erin Fanning Madden, Sandra H. Sulzer, Timothy Light, Michelle Chapoose, Suzanne Prevedel 2020 Utah State University

The Urban/Rural Divide In Access To Medication-Assisted Treatment For Opioid Use Disorder In Utah, Debasree Dasgupta, Erin Fanning Madden, Sandra H. Sulzer, Timothy Light, Michelle Chapoose, Suzanne Prevedel

All Current Publications

Death by drug poisoning is the leading cause of death due to injury in the state of Utah (UDOH, 2014). From 2013-2015, Utah ranked seventh in the nation for drug overdose deaths, the majority of which were opioid-related (CDC, 2018a). In 2017, the age-adjusted mortality rate from drug overdose in Utah was 15.5 per 100,000, putting the state above the national average of 14.9 per 100,000 (CDC, 2018b). Opioid overdose death rates in most of rural Utah far exceeds rates across the urban counties of the state. The higher rates of deaths in rural Utah is ...


The Pediatric Anti-Viral Immune Response Impairs Neural Stem/Progenitor Cell Activity, Yashika Kamte, Manisha N. Chandwani, Lauren A. O'Donnell 2020 Duquesne University

The Pediatric Anti-Viral Immune Response Impairs Neural Stem/Progenitor Cell Activity, Yashika Kamte, Manisha N. Chandwani, Lauren A. O'Donnell

Graduate Student Research Symposium

The neuropathological outcomes of a viral infection in the brain are often age-dependent. Infection of the immature CNS can lead to impairment of neural/stem progenitor cell (NSPCs) activity. NSPCs are multi-potent progenitor cells of the CNS and are responsible for populating the brain with neurons, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes during development. Viral infections may alter NSPC activity via two mechanisms; directly by infection of the NSPC or indirectly due to the anti-viral immune response. Here, we examined the impact of a neurotropic infection on NSPC activity in pediatric mice (postnatal day 10), where brain and immune system development is ongoing ...


Covid-19 Vaccination Clinical Trials Should Consider Multiple Doses Of Bcg, Bassam M. Ayoub 2020 The British University in Egypt

Covid-19 Vaccination Clinical Trials Should Consider Multiple Doses Of Bcg, Bassam M. Ayoub

Pharmacy

Vaccine repositioning is a hot research topic as an alternative to the traditional vaccine approach, which is a costly and time-consuming process due to the availability of previous safety and toxicology data. Multiple-dose BCG vaccine repurposing for COVID-19 will be an uprising breakthrough of vaccine discovery with safer outcomes. BCG induces cross-protection that might not be related to the target disease as innate immune cells, including monocytes and natural killer cells, contribute to this immune protection as known as “trained immunity” (Covián et al. 2019). BCG had multifaceted protection against TB, leprosy, and heterogeneous pathogens (Yamazaki-Nakashimada et al. 2020). Moreover ...


Augmenting The Access And Involvement Of Student Pharmacists In Research Opportunities Through Engaging Programming At An Academic Institution, Samantha Gruber 2020 Ohio Northern University

Augmenting The Access And Involvement Of Student Pharmacists In Research Opportunities Through Engaging Programming At An Academic Institution, Samantha Gruber

Honors Capstone Enhancement Presentations

A research study completed by Kritikos et al. investigated student pharmacists and their characteristics in order to find a relationship with their views of research and attitudes towards pharmacy practice research. The study also recognized perceived barriers to pursuing or completing pharmacy practice research and identified ways that pharmacy educators could promote research interest in pharmacy practice. The research study concluded that student pharmacists perceive a lack of awareness of the needs, benefits, and career opportunities associated with pharmacy practice research. In addition, the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE) mentions in section 6.3 of the 2016 Standards that ...


Epi-Pens: Honors Capstone Enhancement, Chelsey Boecker 2020 Ohio Northern University

Epi-Pens: Honors Capstone Enhancement, Chelsey Boecker

Honors Capstone Enhancement Presentations

No abstract provided.


Cd44 Receptor Mediates Urate Crystal Phagocytosis By Macrophages And Regulates Inflammation In A Murine Peritoneal Model Of Acute Gout, Emira Bousoik, Marwa Qadri, Khaled A. Elsaid 2020 Chapman University

Cd44 Receptor Mediates Urate Crystal Phagocytosis By Macrophages And Regulates Inflammation In A Murine Peritoneal Model Of Acute Gout, Emira Bousoik, Marwa Qadri, Khaled A. Elsaid

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Gout is a chronic arthritis caused by the deposition of poorly soluble monosodium urate monohydrate (MSU) crystals in peripheral joints. Resident macrophages initiate inflammation in response to MSU mediated by NF-κB nuclear translocation and NLRP3 inflammasome activation. We investigated the role of CD44, a transmembrane receptor, in mediating MSU phagocytosis by macrophages. We used an antibody that sheds the extracellular domain (ECD) of CD44 to study the role of the receptor and its associated protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) in macrophage activation. We also studied the significance of CD44 in mediating MSU inflammation in-vivo. Cd44−/− BMDMs showed reduced MSU phagocytosis, LDH ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress