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Heeding The Call Of Covid-19, David Wiebers, Valery Feigin 2021 Mayo Clinic

Heeding The Call Of Covid-19, David Wiebers, Valery Feigin

Animal Sentience

We are grateful to all of our commentators. They have provided a wide range of valuable perspectives and insights from many fields, revealing a broad interest in the subject matter. Nearly all the commentaries have helped to affirm, refine, expand, amplify, deepen, interpret, elaborate, or apply the messages in the target article. Some have offered critiques and suggestions that help us address certain issues in greater detail, including several points concerning industrialized farming and the wildlife trade. Overall, there is great awareness and strong consensus among commentators that any solution for preventing future pandemics and other related health crises must ...


A Narrative Review Of Grocery Store Interventions On Improving Healthy Food Purchases, Kylie Serie 2021 South Dakota State University

A Narrative Review Of Grocery Store Interventions On Improving Healthy Food Purchases, Kylie Serie

Health and Nutritional Sciences Graduate Students Plan B Capstone Projects

Objective: The objective of the literature review was to understand and review current research in the area of grocery store interventions to improve purchasing of healthy foods.
Methods
: PubMed and web-based searches were done for original research literature that looked at supermarket and grocery store interventions promoting healthy food choices. The literature could include qualitative and quantitative data. Keywords that were used include: “grocery store,” “interventions,” “healthy eating,” “supermarket,” “healthy foods,” “store intervention,” “food retail intervention,” “convenience store.”
Results:
The review showed that there are studies on supermarket interventions. Interventions that showed positive outcomes were those that had direct customer ...


Sattvic Diet And All-Cause Mortality: A Systematic Review, Nrsimha Ghosh 2021 The University of Akron

Sattvic Diet And All-Cause Mortality: A Systematic Review, Nrsimha Ghosh

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

A sattvic diet is a diet characterized by a moderate intake of food that is not reheated and is only eaten twice daily. It is mentioned in ancient Hindu scriptures such as the Srimad Bhagavad-gita. This paper aims to compare foods and habits considered to be sattvic with those considered to be rajasic and tamasic (those outside of the diet) in regard to all-cause mortality. Because of the many variable factors of all three diets, specific words mentioned in the texts were used to search Google Scholar, Agricola, Medline, Food Science Source, CINAHL Plus, Cochrane Library Online, PubMed, Health Source ...


The Effect Of Nutrition Education On Nutrition Knowledge In Low-Income Minority Adults, Samantha Lindsay, Isabella Dillon 2021 The University of Akron

The Effect Of Nutrition Education On Nutrition Knowledge In Low-Income Minority Adults, Samantha Lindsay, Isabella Dillon

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The availability of health and nutrition knowledge is disproportionately lower in minority populations compared to their majority counterparts despite minority populations at higher risk for health problems related to poor dietary habits from cultural and social influences. The purpose of this project was to determine if a weekly, culturally competent, group-delivered, nutrition education intervention affected nutrition knowledge in minority adults. The project was a smaller arm of the FABU study, which provided the education intervention. This study was guided by Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory and used a quantitative non-experimental design with a convenience sample of adults living in lower-income ...


Physician Knowledge, Attitudes, And Behaviors Towards Registered Dietitian Nutritionists, Amy Motley Jones 2021 University of North Florida

Physician Knowledge, Attitudes, And Behaviors Towards Registered Dietitian Nutritionists, Amy Motley Jones

UNF Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Diet is increasingly linked with overall quality of life, and a healthy diet is now being considered one of the cornerstones of preventative care. Physicians rely on Registered Dietitian Nutritionists (RDNs) as most doctors lack the nutrition knowledge to properly treat their patients, especially during their residency. Little published information exists on the specific collaboration of RDNs and resident physicians. This study aimed to determine whether mentoring with an RDN increased physician nutrition knowledge, increased consults to RDNs, and whether physician attitudes improved regarding their understanding of the role of the RDN in healthcare. Knowledge or attitude alone are not ...


Caregiver Knowledge And Perceptions Of Dementia-Specific Nutritional Approaches, Danielle Freitag 2021 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Caregiver Knowledge And Perceptions Of Dementia-Specific Nutritional Approaches, Danielle Freitag

All Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

Dementia is a syndrome that affects millions worldwide. The syndrome can cause great distress not only for the diagnosed individual but also for the family and friends who provide care. It is known that many caregivers for people with dementia face difficulties in planning and preparing meals, feeding, and making nutritional decisions for their loved ones. Several diets have been shown to assist with dementia-related symptoms pre and post diagnosis. However, what is unknown is whether caregivers are aware of the benefits of these diets and what the barriers are to implementing them into their nutrition regime. This study surveyed ...


A Grant Application For The Creation Of An Eating Disorders Awareness Program For High School Coaches, Hailey Holland 2021 Iowa State University

A Grant Application For The Creation Of An Eating Disorders Awareness Program For High School Coaches, Hailey Holland

Creative Components

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Exploring The Relationships Between Cultural Values And Diet Patterns Among Mexican And Cuban Immigrants In Kentucky, Nasreen Omran 2021 University of Kentucky

Exploring The Relationships Between Cultural Values And Diet Patterns Among Mexican And Cuban Immigrants In Kentucky, Nasreen Omran

Theses and Dissertations--Dietetics and Human Nutrition

The number of Latinx in the U.S. is expected to grow to about 28 percent of the population by the year 2060. As the number of Latinx increases in the U.S. it is important to understand how cultural beliefs influence dietary behaviors as Latinx are disproportionately affected by diet related disease such as diabetes mellitus, cancer, and cardiovascular disease. The aim of this secondary data analysis is to examine the relationship between family values, gender roles, and religious values on diet patterns in adult Mexican and Cuban immigrants in Kentucky utilizing the Mexican American Cultural Values Scale. The ...


Covid-19 Contagion Among Communities With Limited English Proficiency: Lesson From Volunteerism, Falah N. Rashoka M.S 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Covid-19 Contagion Among Communities With Limited English Proficiency: Lesson From Volunteerism, Falah N. Rashoka M.S

Nutrition and Health Sciences -- Faculty Publications

The COVID-19 affects all communities in the United States, but its impact differs from one community to another. Undoubtedly, the vulnerable populations are more impacted than others, especially refugees and immigrants. This study seeks to understand the impact of COVID-19 on marginalized communities and the need to communicate health-related information equally. A lesson learned from observation during an ongoing pandemic, including what I learned through my volunteer work between mid-March and August 2020. The study finds that neighbors with limited English Proficiency (LEP) and limited education could quickly transfer the COVID-19 virus to another neighbor with high income and well-educated ...


Effects Of Increasing Dietary Oil Inclusion From Different Sources On Growth Performance, Carcass And Meat Quality Traits, And Fatty Acid Profile In Genetically Lean Immunocastrated Male Pigs, V. V. Almeida, J. P. M. Silva, A. P. Schinckel, A. N. Meira, G. C. M. Costa Monteiro Moreira, J. D. Gomes, M, D. Poleti, M. D. B. Dargelio, I. Patinho, C. J. Contreras-Castillo, L. L. Coutinho, G. B. Mourão, J. M. Reecy, D. Koltes, N. V. L. Serão, L. C. A. Regitano, H. Fukumasu, A. P. L. Brustolini, S. M. Alencar, A. Luchiari Filho, A. S. M. Cesar 2021 Federal University of Goiás

Effects Of Increasing Dietary Oil Inclusion From Different Sources On Growth Performance, Carcass And Meat Quality Traits, And Fatty Acid Profile In Genetically Lean Immunocastrated Male Pigs, V. V. Almeida, J. P. M. Silva, A. P. Schinckel, A. N. Meira, G. C. M. Costa Monteiro Moreira, J. D. Gomes, M, D. Poleti, M. D. B. Dargelio, I. Patinho, C. J. Contreras-Castillo, L. L. Coutinho, G. B. Mourão, J. M. Reecy, D. Koltes, N. V. L. Serão, L. C. A. Regitano, H. Fukumasu, A. P. L. Brustolini, S. M. Alencar, A. Luchiari Filho, A. S. M. Cesar

Animal Science Publications

Background There has been an increased interest in nutritional strategies to manipulate the fatty acid profile of pigs. Dietary regimens involving the use of oils that are high in monosaturated fatty acid (MUFA), primarily oleic acid (OA), such as canola oil (CO), as well as in omega (n)-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), which are found in fish oil (FO), have been investigated aiming healthier fatty acid profile cuts, with a higher ratio of n-3 to n-6 fatty acids. Therefore, the effects of including 3% soybean oil (SO), CO, or FO in growing-finishing pig diets vs. feeding a standard commercial ...


Effect Of Diet, Age, And Genetics On Rainbow Trout Growth And Fillet Quality, Bahareh Adami 2021 West Virginia Univer

Effect Of Diet, Age, And Genetics On Rainbow Trout Growth And Fillet Quality, Bahareh Adami

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

In this study, analyses were conducted to compare fillet quality attributes of 4 rainbow trout families (40, 102, 159, and 187) fed fish meal (FM) and a fishmeal free diet (FMF), to two age endpoints, 9 and 11 months.

Previous studies with rainbow trout have evaluated the effect of age, diet, and family on growth performance and fillet quality. However, a comprehensive analysis of variables is lacking for rainbow trout, one of the main aquatic foods for domestic and international consumers.

Separable muscle as a percent whole body weight was not affected by diet, family, age, and the interaction of ...


Nutritional Approaches To Slow Late Finishing Pig Growth: Implications On Carcass Composition And Pork Quality, Emma T. Helm, Jason W. Ross, John F. Patience, Steven M. Lonergan, Elisabeth J. Huff-Lonergan, Laura L. Greiner, Leah M. Reever, Chad W. Hastad, Emily K. Arkfeld, Nicholas K. Gabler 2021 Iowa State University

Nutritional Approaches To Slow Late Finishing Pig Growth: Implications On Carcass Composition And Pork Quality, Emma T. Helm, Jason W. Ross, John F. Patience, Steven M. Lonergan, Elisabeth J. Huff-Lonergan, Laura L. Greiner, Leah M. Reever, Chad W. Hastad, Emily K. Arkfeld, Nicholas K. Gabler

Animal Science Publications

Although pork producers typically aim to optimize growth rates, occasionally it is necessary to slow growth, such as when harvest facility capacity is limited. In finishing pigs, numerous dietary strategies can be used to slow growth so pigs are at optimal slaughter body weights when harvest facility capacity and/or access is restored. However, the impact of these diets on pork carcass quality is largely unknown. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of dietary strategies to slow growth in late finishing pigs and evaluate their effects on carcass composition and pork quality. Mixed-sex pigs (n = 897; 125 ± 2 ...


Strength And Body Composition Changes Of Junior Hockey Players During The Competitive Season, Dan Marquette 2021 South Dakota State University

Strength And Body Composition Changes Of Junior Hockey Players During The Competitive Season, Dan Marquette

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: This study investigated the body composition and strength changes of NAHL junior hockey players across a competitive season. It was hypothesized that players would lose lean body mass loss from pre-season to end-season. The secondary hypothesis was that players would lose strength in relation to the anticipated loss in lean body mass. Methods: Outcome measurements were taken at pre-season, mid-season, and endseason points of a competitive NAHL junior hockey season (n = 15, age = 19.1 years). Body composition was measured using air plethysmography (BodPod) and strength was measured using isokinetic strength testing (Biodex). Results: No significant changes in body ...


Identifying Differences In Nutrition-Related Learning Interests Of Adolescent Students, Margaret Miller, Donna Barwood, Michael Furfaro, Julie Boston, Sandra Smith, Martin Masek 2021 Edith Cowan University

Identifying Differences In Nutrition-Related Learning Interests Of Adolescent Students, Margaret Miller, Donna Barwood, Michael Furfaro, Julie Boston, Sandra Smith, Martin Masek

ECU Publications Post 2013

© 2021 The Authors. Journal of School Health published by Wiley Periodicals LLC. on behalf of American School Health Association. BACKGROUND: In this study, we examined nutrition-related topics among adolescent students attending schools with different Indices of Community Socio-Educational Advantage (ICSEA). METHOD: Participating students (N = 206) from 5 schools in Western Australia completed a paper-based questionnaire on nutrition-related topics. Frequencies and independent chi-square tests were used to identify differences between sexes and school ICSEA. RESULTS: Of the participating students, 75% were interested in learning about 8 of 16 topics. We found statistically significant differences by sex (p < .01) for “Eating the right foods for preventing illness and disease,” “Eating the right food for being active” among girls, and “Reducing food waste” among boys. We also noted differences by school ICSEA. CONCLUSION: Acknowledging sex and socioeducational differences in teaching and learning may help teachers to engage adolescent students in nutrition education.


The Relationship Between Eating Disorders, Weight Control Methods, And Body Satisfaction In Elite Female Runners Competing At The 2020 U.S. Olympic Marathon Trials, Sophia Elizabeth Berg 2021 Central Washington University

The Relationship Between Eating Disorders, Weight Control Methods, And Body Satisfaction In Elite Female Runners Competing At The 2020 U.S. Olympic Marathon Trials, Sophia Elizabeth Berg

All Master's Theses

The prevalence of eating disorders in athletes is higher than in the general population. Various training styles, weight periodization, and presence of eating disorder (ED) may affect energy availability. This study investigated the relationship between lifetime prevalence of ED with training, body satisfaction, and weight-control methods among elite female endurance athletes. Female runners who participated in the 2020 U.S. Olympic Team Trials Marathon completed an online questionnaire examining training volume, weight-control methods, and self-reported current or past ED. Questions 1-19 were analyzed for this investigation. Participants were grouped according to responses on presence of ED. Thirty-two percent of participants ...


The Effect Of Physically Effective Undegradable Neutral Detergent Fiber And Rumen Fermentable Starch On Lactating Holstein Cows, Katherine Mae Smith 2021 University of Vermont

The Effect Of Physically Effective Undegradable Neutral Detergent Fiber And Rumen Fermentable Starch On Lactating Holstein Cows, Katherine Mae Smith

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

In the dairy industry, a common way of adding energy to the diet is in the form of fermentable starch. However, an overabundance of fermentable carbohydrates can cause a buildup of volatile fatty acids that exceed the buffering capacity of the rumen. These changes can lead to negative health consequences such as subacute rumen acidosis and milk fat depression. Not only does a cow need readily fermentable sources of energy in her diet, but she also needs physically effective structural carbohydrates.Fiber has been a difficult portion of the diet to characterize as both the chemical and physical properties are ...


Differential Effects Of Whole Red Raspberry Polyphenols And Their Gut Metabolite Urolithin A On Neuroinflammation In Bv-2 Microglia, Ashley Mulcahy Toney, Mahaa Albusharif, Duncan Works, Luke Polenz, Stacie Schlange, Virginia Chaidez, Amanda E. Ramer-Tait, Soonkyu Chung 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Differential Effects Of Whole Red Raspberry Polyphenols And Their Gut Metabolite Urolithin A On Neuroinflammation In Bv-2 Microglia, Ashley Mulcahy Toney, Mahaa Albusharif, Duncan Works, Luke Polenz, Stacie Schlange, Virginia Chaidez, Amanda E. Ramer-Tait, Soonkyu Chung

Nutrition and Health Sciences -- Faculty Publications

Whole red raspberry polyphenols (RRW), including ellagic acid, and their gut-derived metabolite, urolithin A (UroA), attenuate inflammation and confer health benefits. Although results from recent studies indicate that polyphenols and UroA also provide neuroprotective effects, these compounds differ in their bioavailability and may, therefore, have unique effects on limiting neuroinflammation. Accordingly, we aimed to compare the neuroprotective effects of RRW and UroA on BV-2 microglia under both 3 h and 12 and 24 h inflammatory conditions. In inflammation induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and ATP stimulation after 3 h, RRW and UroA suppressed pro- inflammatory cytokine gene expression and regulated the ...


Serving Refugees In A Pandemic: Insights From Yazidis In The Midwest, Falah N. Rashoka M.S, Megan S. Kelley, Marc A. Garcia 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Serving Refugees In A Pandemic: Insights From Yazidis In The Midwest, Falah N. Rashoka M.S, Megan S. Kelley, Marc A. Garcia

Nutrition and Health Sciences -- Faculty Publications

There is a critical need for research to examine factors that hinder or facilitate access to healthcare in the context of COVID-19. The coronavirus pandemic has exacerbated barriers to healthcare for marginalized communities globally, leaving many without access to needed health services. Resettled refugees, in particular, must grapple with added challenges to locating and obtaining culturally appropriate healthcare services.

Recent focus groups shed light on the experiences of Yazidi refugees in the U.S. Midwest during COVID-19. Yazidis are a historically persecuted religious and ethnic minority group from northern Iraq (Kizilhan, 2017). Many Yazidis migrated to the U.S. on ...


The Effects Of Hip Rotation On Hip Abductor Muscle Activation During Lateral Band Walk Exercise, Gina M. Fritz 2021 South Dakota State University

The Effects Of Hip Rotation On Hip Abductor Muscle Activation During Lateral Band Walk Exercise, Gina M. Fritz

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

BACKGROUND: Lateral band walks (LBW) have been used to strengthen hip abductors and decrease risk of lower extremity injuries. Several methods have been used to complete this exercise to determine which has the best outcome. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to compare muscle activation of the gluteus medius (Gmed), gluteus maximus (Gmax), and tensor fasciae latae (TFL) during straight leg LBW exercises performed using three different hip positions: 30-degree internal rotation, 30-degree external rotation, and a neutral hip position. METHODS: Thirty-seven recreationally active participants (10 male, 27 female; age=21.4±2.2 yr; mass=71.4±13kg ...


Nutritional Aspects Related To Covid-19: A Bibliometric Analysis Using Scopus Database, Arti Muley Dr, Srujana Medithi Dr 2021 Symbiosis Institute of Health Sciences, Symbiosis International (Deemed University), Pune, India

Nutritional Aspects Related To Covid-19: A Bibliometric Analysis Using Scopus Database, Arti Muley Dr, Srujana Medithi Dr

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Nutrition therapy has lately gained attention as an effective way of combating the novel Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), especially to address the immunity in an individual and their overall health. The present study is a bibliometric assessment of research conducted to understand the role of nutrition in treating COVID-19 which was carried out since the pandemic's sudden outburst during 2020 and 2021 and published in the Scopus database. A total of 93 publications were found, and the results were studied by evaluating these documents. The present analysis identifies the active countries where the research was conducted, various types of documents ...


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