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The Effect Of Maternal Diet On The Establishment And Development Of The Offspring's Gut Microbiome Studied In A Healthy Mouse Model, Caleigh J. Petrillo 2021 Trinity College, Hartford Connecticut

The Effect Of Maternal Diet On The Establishment And Development Of The Offspring's Gut Microbiome Studied In A Healthy Mouse Model, Caleigh J. Petrillo

Senior Theses and Projects

The mammalian gastrointestinal tract has a diverse community of microbial species, collectively referred to as the normal flora, that influence the health of the host. Early colonization of this location is essential for the development of a newborn as the presence of these microbes influence the establishment of the immune system, metabolism, and allergy development. Recent research suggests that the fetal gut is colonized in utero and can be influenced by maternal factors, such as diet. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine if the diet of the mother alters the establishment and development of the offspring’s ...


Association Of Dietary Total Antioxidant Capacity With Bone Mass And Osteoporosis Risk In Korean Women: Analysis Of The Korea National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey 2008-2011, Donghyun Kim, Anna Han, Yongsoon Park 2021 Hanyang University

Association Of Dietary Total Antioxidant Capacity With Bone Mass And Osteoporosis Risk In Korean Women: Analysis Of The Korea National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey 2008-2011, Donghyun Kim, Anna Han, Yongsoon Park

Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers

Antioxidant intake has been suggested to be associated with a reduced osteoporosis risk, but the effect of dietary total antioxidant capacity (TAC) on bone health and the risk of osteoporosis remains unclear. We aimed to assess the hypothesis that dietary TAC is positively associated with bone mass and negatively related to the risk of osteoporosis in Korean women. This cross-sectional study was performed using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Dietary TAC was estimated using task automation and an algorithm with 24-h recall data. In total, 8230 pre-and postmenopausal women were divided into four groups according ...


Fermentation Performance And Nutritional Assessment Of Physically Processed Lentil And Green Pea Flour, Bibek Byanju, Milagros P. Hojilla‐Evangelista, Buddhi P. Lamsal 2021 Iowa State University

Fermentation Performance And Nutritional Assessment Of Physically Processed Lentil And Green Pea Flour, Bibek Byanju, Milagros P. Hojilla‐Evangelista, Buddhi P. Lamsal

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

BACKGROUND

A significant amount of nutrients, including dietary fibers, proteins, minerals, and vitamins are present in legumes, but the presence of anti‐nutritional factors (ANFs) like phytic acid, tannins, and enzyme inhibitors impact the consumption of legume and nutrient availability. In this research, the effect of a physical process (sonication or precooking) and fermentation with Lactobacillus plantarum and Pediococcus acidilactici on ANFs of some legumes was evaluated.

RESULTS

Total phenolic contents were significantly (p<0.05) reduced for modified and fermented substrates compared to non‐fermented controls. Trypsin inhibitory activity (TIA) was reduced significantly for all substrates except for unsonicated soybean and lentil fermented with L. plantarum and P. acidilactici. When physical processing was done, there was a decrease in TIA for all the substrate. Phytic acid content decreased for physically ...


Juvenile Bluegill (Lepomis Macrochirus) Can Be Fed Diets Without Marine Fish Meal Without Adverse Effects On Growth, Survival, Diet Utilization, And Body Composition, Carl D. Webster, Steven D. Rawles, Anita M. Kelly, Luke A. Roy, Kurt A. Rosentrater 2021 Harry K. Dupree Stuttgart National Aquaculture Research Center

Juvenile Bluegill (Lepomis Macrochirus) Can Be Fed Diets Without Marine Fish Meal Without Adverse Effects On Growth, Survival, Diet Utilization, And Body Composition, Carl D. Webster, Steven D. Rawles, Anita M. Kelly, Luke A. Roy, Kurt A. Rosentrater

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

There has been an increasing global demand for large bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) to supply the food‐fish market. Current bluegill diets resemble those for largemouth bass and contain a high percentage of marine fish meal (FM). Research into the use of alternative protein ingredients for bluegill diets need to be conducted to not only conserve finite marine resources, but to reduce cost and expand the supply of bluegill to the global market. We evaluated growth, survival and body composition of bluegill fed diets in which FM was partially or totally replaced by various combinations of soybean meal, poultry by‐product ...


Strategies For Change: Social Support, Erin Howie 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Strategies For Change: Social Support, Erin Howie

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

What is Social Support?

Different types of social support.

Tips to improve our social network.


Associations Of Dietary Patterns And Nutrients With Glycated Hemoglobin In Participants With And Without Type 1 Diabetes, Arpita Basu, Amy C. Alman, Janet K. Snell-Bergeon 2021 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Associations Of Dietary Patterns And Nutrients With Glycated Hemoglobin In Participants With And Without Type 1 Diabetes, Arpita Basu, Amy C. Alman, Janet K. Snell-Bergeon

Kinesiology and Nutrition Sciences Faculty Publications

Background: Diet has been associated with poor glycemic control in diabetes. Few studies have examined this association in people with type 1 diabetes (T1D), who are at a higher risk for cardiovascular disease than people without diabetes. Methods: We report data from cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses from a coronary artery calcification in type 1 diabetes (CACTI) study (n = 1257; T1D: n = 568; non-diabetic controls: n = 689) collected between the years 2000 and 2002. Participants completed a validated food frequency questionnaire, a physical examination, and biochemical analyses. Dietary patterns based on variations in food group intake were created with principal components ...


Strategies For Change: Mindfulness, Ed Mink 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Strategies For Change: Mindfulness, Ed Mink

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Ed Mink will share mindfulness strategies and take everyone through a mindfulness session.


Risk Of Low Energy Availability In National And International Level Paralympic Athletes: An Exploratory Investigation, Kelly Pritchett, Alicia DiFolco, Savannah Glasgow, Robert Pritchett, Katy Williams, Trent Stellingwerff, Patricia Roney, Susannah Scaroni, Elizabeth Broad 2021 Central Washington University

Risk Of Low Energy Availability In National And International Level Paralympic Athletes: An Exploratory Investigation, Kelly Pritchett, Alicia Difolco, Savannah Glasgow, Robert Pritchett, Katy Williams, Trent Stellingwerff, Patricia Roney, Susannah Scaroni, Elizabeth Broad

All Faculty Scholarship for the College of Education and Professional Studies

(1) Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the symptoms of low energy availability (LEA) and risk of relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S) symptoms in para-athletes using a multi-parameter approach. (2) Methods: National level para-athletes (n = 9 males, n = 9 females) completed 7-day food and activity logs to quantify energy availability (EA), the LEA in Females Questionnaire (LEAF-Q), dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans to assess bone mineral density (BMD), and hormonal blood spot testing. (3) Results: Based on EA calculations, no athlete was at risk for LEA (females < 30 kcal·kg−1 FFM·day−1; and males < 25 kcal·kg−1 FFM ...


Project Home Hydroponic Operations For Mars Exploration, Deanna DeMattio, Nick McGuire, Ruben A. Rosa Polonia, Benjamin T. Hufendick 2021 Embry Riddle Aeronautical University

Project Home Hydroponic Operations For Mars Exploration, Deanna Demattio, Nick Mcguire, Ruben A. Rosa Polonia, Benjamin T. Hufendick

Beyond: Undergraduate Research Journal

This report considers the challenges NASA, SpaceX, and other private companies will face in the approaching two decades when sending astronauts on missions to Mars. The longest exploration is planned to take place in the 2030's, sending a crew of, at minimum, four astronauts to Mars for a year of research. The research conducted is assisting space exploration companies’ with ways to grow a complete diet on a planet that does not receive enough sunlight. Agriculture in enclosed and buried structures on Mars will enable astronauts to conduct extended surface exploration missions. We evaluated a deep-water culture indoor hydroponics ...


Effects Of Beer Based Marinades On The Plasmalogen Content And Composition Of Grilled Ruminant Meats, Charles F. Manful, Thu H. Pham, Natalia P. Vidal, Muhammad Nadeem, Evan Wheeler, Oludoyin A. Adigun, Oluwashina A. Ayinla, Dwayne N. Keough, Raymond H. Thomas 2021 Memorial University of Newfoundland

Effects Of Beer Based Marinades On The Plasmalogen Content And Composition Of Grilled Ruminant Meats, Charles F. Manful, Thu H. Pham, Natalia P. Vidal, Muhammad Nadeem, Evan Wheeler, Oludoyin A. Adigun, Oluwashina A. Ayinla, Dwayne N. Keough, Raymond H. Thomas

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Plasmalogens are important phospholipids essential for maintaining cardiovascular and brain health. Ruminant meats are excellent dietary sources of plasmalogens. Globally, grilling remains a popular technique for preparing meats. However, little is known concerning how marination affects retention and quality of plasmalogens in grilled ruminant meats. Here we present information on effect of two unfiltered beer-based marinades infused with herbs and spices on plasmalogens in grilled beef and moose meats. Although total plasmalogen contents of marinated grilled meats were lower compared to unmarinated controls, compositionally, wheat ale- and India session ale-based marinades retained higher levels of PUFA plasmalogen PC (phosphatidylcholine) and ...


Food Sourcing And The Relationship To Height Of 6th To 7th Graders In Southern Ethiopia And Zambia, Flora Bescansa Luers 2021 University of Nebraska Lincoln

Food Sourcing And The Relationship To Height Of 6th To 7th Graders In Southern Ethiopia And Zambia, Flora Bescansa Luers

NUTR/GLST 498b: Global Research Experiences in Nutrition & Health

Introduction: Zambia and Ethiopia are Sub-Saharan African countries experiencing high rates of malnutrition and stunting. This study examines food sourcing and its relationship to stunting.

Methods: Anthropometric assessment and food frequency-sourcing interviews were taken for 488 6th-7th graders in Livingstone, Zambia and Hawassa, Ethiopia. Data were analyzed using ANOVA.

Results: Most students sourced food from local markets and home gardens; however Zambian students used a greater variety of sources. Those sourcing from home gardens were significantly taller.

Discussion: Home gardening provides economic and health benefits, as well as food security. A focus on preservation and use of indigenous species is ...


Strategies For Change: Behavior Change Using Self Talk, Kaitlyn Chamberlain 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Strategies For Change: Behavior Change Using Self Talk, Kaitlyn Chamberlain

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Speaker shares how self-talk can help improve our ability to meet our goals.


Eating Smart And Moving More For Head Start: A Pilot Study, Virginia C. Stage, L Suzanne Goodell, Susan Chase, Stephanie McDonald, Archana V. Hegde, Jocelyn Bayles, Lorelei Jones 2021 East Carolina University

Eating Smart And Moving More For Head Start: A Pilot Study, Virginia C. Stage, L Suzanne Goodell, Susan Chase, Stephanie Mcdonald, Archana V. Hegde, Jocelyn Bayles, Lorelei Jones

Journal of Extension

Our study examined the relationship between improved personal health behaviors of Head Start teachers’ and the promotion of positive health behaviors in their classroom. Thirty-three Head Start teachers across 7 centers received six 30-minute nutrition education lessons. Dietary intake, physical activity, and self-efficacy for promoting positive health behaviors in the classroom were measured at baseline and post-intervention. Significant improvements were observed for dietary intake and physical activity. Self-efficacy for promoting health behaviors in the classroom did not significantly improve. Additional education is needed to improve health promotion practices. Lessons learned contributed to program refinement. Implications for Extension are discussed.


Care For Some Lunch? It’S More Than Just Food! Care, Commensality And Pedagogic Meals In Irish Primary Schools, Caroline McGowan 2021 TuDublin

Care For Some Lunch? It’S More Than Just Food! Care, Commensality And Pedagogic Meals In Irish Primary Schools, Caroline Mcgowan

Level 3

This expository article addresses a lacuna in policy and practice literature around using primary school lunches as both a pedagogical opportunity and a space to expose children to social and cultural ‘rituals’ that model both care and food sharing as commensality. The article argues that policy literature in this space broadly tends to be concerned with a medicalised paradigm of nutrition, physical and cognitive development, and disease prevention, with scant regard for the impact that natural ‘everyday’ practices of eating and caring can have on enhancing encultured commensality, care and learning.


Multiple Resource Limitations Explain Biomass-Precipitation Relationships In Grasslands, Siddharth Bharath, Peter B. Adler, Philip A. Fay, Eric W. Seabloom, Yann Hautier, Lori Biederman, Miguel N. Bugalho, Maria Caldeira, Anu Eskelinen, Johannes M. H. Knops, Rebecca McCulley, John Morgan, Sally A. Power, Anita C. Risch, Martin Schuetz, Carly J. Stevens, Timothy Ohlert, Risto Virtanen, Elizabeth T. Borer 2021 University of Minnesota - Twin Cities

Multiple Resource Limitations Explain Biomass-Precipitation Relationships In Grasslands, Siddharth Bharath, Peter B. Adler, Philip A. Fay, Eric W. Seabloom, Yann Hautier, Lori Biederman, Miguel N. Bugalho, Maria Caldeira, Anu Eskelinen, Johannes M. H. Knops, Rebecca Mcculley, John Morgan, Sally A. Power, Anita C. Risch, Martin Schuetz, Carly J. Stevens, Timothy Ohlert, Risto Virtanen, Elizabeth T. Borer

Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology Publications

Interannual variability in grassland primary production is strongly driven by precipitation, nutrient availability and herbivory, but there is no general consensus on the mechanisms linking these variables. If grassland biomass is limited by the single most limiting resource at a given time, then we expect that nutrient addition will not affect biomass production at arid sites. We conducted a distributed experiment manipulating nutrients and herbivores at 44 grassland sites in 8 regions around the world, spanning a broad range in aridity. We estimated the effects of 5-11 years of nutrient addition and herbivore exclusion treatments on precipitation sensitivity of biomass ...


The Importance Of Time And Place: Nutrient Composition And Utilization Of Seasonal Pollens By European Honey Bees (Apis Mellifera L.), Gloria DeGrandi-Hoffman, Vanessa Corby-Harris, Mark Carroll, Amy L. Toth, Stephanie Gage, Emily Watkins deJong, Henry Graham, Mona Chambers, Charlotte Meador, Bethany Obernesser 2021 U.S. Department of Agriculture

The Importance Of Time And Place: Nutrient Composition And Utilization Of Seasonal Pollens By European Honey Bees (Apis Mellifera L.), Gloria Degrandi-Hoffman, Vanessa Corby-Harris, Mark Carroll, Amy L. Toth, Stephanie Gage, Emily Watkins Dejong, Henry Graham, Mona Chambers, Charlotte Meador, Bethany Obernesser

Entomology Publications

Honey bee colonies have a yearly cycle that is supported nutritionally by the seasonal progression of flowering plants. In the spring, colonies grow by rearing brood, but in the fall, brood rearing declines in preparation for overwintering. Depending on where colonies are located, the yearly cycle can differ especially in overwintering activities. In temperate climates of Europe and North America, colonies reduce or end brood rearing in the fall while in warmer climates bees can rear brood and forage throughout the year. To test the hypothesis that nutrients available in seasonal pollens and honey bee responses to them can differ ...


Nutrition And Chronic Pain, Elise Withers, Mateja R. Savoie-Roskos, Riley Samples, Maren Wright Voss 2021 Utah State University

Nutrition And Chronic Pain, Elise Withers, Mateja R. Savoie-Roskos, Riley Samples, Maren Wright Voss

All Current Publications

The internet is full of information about anti-inflammatory diets, foods, and supplements claiming to prevent or alleviate chronic pain. For those who struggle with chronic pain, sound dietary advice is essential to improve intake and ultimately decrease pain (Arranz et al., 2010). However, it’s important to note that research showing the impact of specific foods on health and the immune system is currently limited; therefore, these claims should be interpreted with caution (Elma et al., 2020; Harvard Health, 2018). This fact sheet will cover (1) how inflammation affects chronic pain and (2) how eating a well-balanced diet may help ...


Integrating Policies, Systems, And Environments (Pse) Work Into Fcs Extension Programming: Lessons Learned From A Multi-State Training, Lisa T. Washburn, Heather Norman-Burgdolf, Karen L. Franck, Lauren E. Kennedy, Christopher T. Sneed 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Integrating Policies, Systems, And Environments (Pse) Work Into Fcs Extension Programming: Lessons Learned From A Multi-State Training, Lisa T. Washburn, Heather Norman-Burgdolf, Karen L. Franck, Lauren E. Kennedy, Christopher T. Sneed

Dietetics and Human Nutrition Faculty Publications

Public health efforts have emphasized changes to policies, systems and environments (PSEs) to improve health behaviors for individuals and communities. Extension has increasingly emphasized these approaches, particularly for work of Family and Consumer Sciences (FCS) agents. In part, this emphasis on PSEs in Extension has been driven by SNAP-Ed and other federally funded initiatives, such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) High Obesity Programs (HOP). However, broader adoption and implementation of PSEs at the local level has lagged in some states for various reasons. These include limited understanding about PSE interventions and how this work fits with ...


Adapting A Classroom Simulation Experience To An Online Escape Room In Nutrition Education, Jenifer M. Ross, Lauri Wright, Andrea Y. Arikawa 2021 University of North Florida

Adapting A Classroom Simulation Experience To An Online Escape Room In Nutrition Education, Jenifer M. Ross, Lauri Wright, Andrea Y. Arikawa

Nutrition and Dietetics Faculty Publications

Due to the COVID-19 emergency transition to remote learning, an undergraduate class in nutrition and dietetics modified a face-to-face experiential “escape room” assignment into a comparable online experience. The online assignment was structured so that students had to use knowledge and clues to move through each step of the Nutrition Care Process; students proceeded through the escape room individually until each successfully “escaped.” An important component of this assignment was the postactivity debriefing process, which took place via video conferencing in small groups. Students indicated that they were pleasantly surprised at the effectiveness of the online assignment. However, analytics showed ...


Strategies For Change: Effective Goal Setting, Jamie Baum 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Strategies For Change: Effective Goal Setting, Jamie Baum

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Goal setting and What is a SMART goal?


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