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How Do Food And Physical Activity Policies Affect Our Health?, Chris Long 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

How Do Food And Physical Activity Policies Affect Our Health?, Chris Long

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Policy is generally defined and then tied into how food and physical health policies affect our everyday lives.


Sarcopenia Screening By Registered Dietitian Nutritionists (Rdns) In The United States (U.S.), Madison Marcom 2021 East Tennessee State University

Sarcopenia Screening By Registered Dietitian Nutritionists (Rdns) In The United States (U.S.), Madison Marcom

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Sarcopenia is a disease of muscle wasting primarily seen in older adults. Although this term was first coined over three decades ago, there is a lack of consensus on a definition, screening criteria, and treatment protocol for sarcopenia. The primary purpose of this study is to determine whether registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) in the United States (U.S.) screen for sarcopenia. Study participants were recruited through a randomized email list and included RDNs throughout the U.S. Respondents completed a survey questioning knowledge of sarcopenia, screening tools and company protocols in place, and the need and desire for sarcopenia education ...


The Effect Of Whey Protein Supplementation At Breakfast On Tryptophan Levels, Food Intake, And Mood In Postmenopausal Women In A 16-Week Randomized Controlled Trial, Danielle Warren 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Effect Of Whey Protein Supplementation At Breakfast On Tryptophan Levels, Food Intake, And Mood In Postmenopausal Women In A 16-Week Randomized Controlled Trial, Danielle Warren

Human Nutrition and Hospitality Management Undergraduate Honors Theses

Whey protein isolate supplementation has been recognized as having potential for regulating appetite, thereby potentially improving mood and food intake.

The objectives of this project were to 1) analyze the effects of high-quality whey protein intake on overall diet, and 2) identify and examine a correlation between tryptophan levels and mood regulation.

This research was conducted using a randomized experimental design. A total of 13 post-menopausal women (12+ months after last reported menstrual cycle) were recruited and allocated to one of two dietary intervention (DI) groups: 1) control (maintain current lifestyle; CON; n = 6), and 2) whey protein isolate (WPI ...


Challenges And Benefits Experienced By Mississippi Schools In The Adoption Of Farm To School Programs, Manuel Aldair Franco Pech 2021 University of Mississippi

Challenges And Benefits Experienced By Mississippi Schools In The Adoption Of Farm To School Programs, Manuel Aldair Franco Pech

Honors Theses

Mississippi obesity rates are the second highest in the United States. An appropriate target group to combat the state’s high obesity rates are school age children (ages 18 and under), because healthy eating habits developed at this age translate into adult years. An avenue to encourage and develop healthy eating habits are Farm to School (F2S) programs, which provide in-school accessibility to healthy, locally produced foods. The objective of this study was to analyze the results from the 2015 United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) F2S Census, which collected details regarding F2S participation across the country, to determine ...


Perceived Adult/Child Health And Diet By Snap Usage And Food Security In A Rural, Appalachian Mississippi Community, Georgia Inglis 2021 University of Mississippi

Perceived Adult/Child Health And Diet By Snap Usage And Food Security In A Rural, Appalachian Mississippi Community, Georgia Inglis

Honors Theses

This study examined if there were differences in perceived adult health score, perceived adult diet score, parent-perceived child health score, and parent-perceived child diet score by SNAP usage and food security in a rural, Appalachian Mississippi community. Adults (n=1084) with elementary school- aged children were surveyed in a rural, Appalachian Mississippi school district. Demographic, household adult food security (USDA 10-item measure), and perceived health and dietary data were collected. Using IBM SPSS version 24, demographic statistics were calculated to summarize data. Independent samples t-test and one-way ANOVA with Tukey post-hoc test was utilized to assess for differences between groups ...


Thinking About Availability And Accessibility, Di Fang 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Thinking About Availability And Accessibility, Di Fang

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Food environments are described, including food deserts and food access.


The Effect Of A Single Dose Of Beetroot Juice On Speed, Strength, And Power In Healthy Recreationally Active Females., Maya A. Hammer, Ryan Kenney, Katie Price, Chandler Riley, Alyssa Riley, Courtney Merrill, Adam Pennell, Rachel Tan 2021 Pepperdine University

The Effect Of A Single Dose Of Beetroot Juice On Speed, Strength, And Power In Healthy Recreationally Active Females., Maya A. Hammer, Ryan Kenney, Katie Price, Chandler Riley, Alyssa Riley, Courtney Merrill, Adam Pennell, Rachel Tan

Seaver College Research And Scholarly Achievement Symposium

Nitrate-rich beetroot juice (BR) improves muscle contraction which is relevant for intense intermittent-type sports. However, few studies have examined the effect of BR ingestion on performance using sport-specific exercise protocols. Moreover, there is a scarcity of research that include female participants which limits real world application given that females potentially have different responses to BR ingestion. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of BR supplementation on speed, acceleration, strength and power before and after fatigue in females. In a double-blind, randomized crossover design, 15 recreationally active females consumed BR and nitrate-depleted placebo juice (PL) ~2 ...


The Effects Of Nitrate-Rich Beetroot Juice Supplementation On Nonverbal Executive Function In Healthy Recreationally Active Females, Chandler F. Riley, Alyssa Riley, Maya A. Hammer, Ryan Kenney, Katie Price, Courtney Merrill, Adam Pennell, Rachel Tan 2021 Pepperdine University

The Effects Of Nitrate-Rich Beetroot Juice Supplementation On Nonverbal Executive Function In Healthy Recreationally Active Females, Chandler F. Riley, Alyssa Riley, Maya A. Hammer, Ryan Kenney, Katie Price, Courtney Merrill, Adam Pennell, Rachel Tan

Seaver College Research And Scholarly Achievement Symposium

Nitrate-rich beetroot juice (BR) supplementation has been reported to preserve executive function (i.e. decision making and reaction time) before and after a simulated soccer match in recreationally active males, which may be due to enhanced cerebral blood flow. However, the literature examining the physiological response following BR ingestion in females is scarce, which hampers the extrapolation of results since physiological sex-differences may exist. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to assess if BR ingestion influenced executive function in an unfatigued and fatigued state in healthy recreationally active females. In a double-blind, randomized crossover design, 20 females consumed 140 ...


Improving Our Food And Physical Activity Environments, Michael R. Thomsen 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Improving Our Food And Physical Activity Environments, Michael R. Thomsen

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Learn about food environments, the good and not so good food environments and how to improve the not so good food environments.

Learn that physical activity environments are important for everyone.


Preceptorship Within Accredited Nutrition And Dietetics Programs: A Pragmatic Mixed Methods Study, Angela K. Brekken 2021 University of Minnesota Moorhead

Preceptorship Within Accredited Nutrition And Dietetics Programs: A Pragmatic Mixed Methods Study, Angela K. Brekken

Dissertations, Theses, and Projects

The purpose of this pragmatic mixed-methods study was to identify the factors that impact a nutrition professional’s preceptorship decision and potential solutions to combat preceptor shortages within accredited nutrition and dietetics programs. Homan’s social exchange theory provided the theoretical framework that if perceived costs of preceptorship outweigh the perceived benefits, then the activity will cease.

Phase one of the study included an online mixed-methods questionnaire. Phase two included a qualitative focus group and interview with self-identified volunteers from phase one. Quantitative analysis through SPSS included descriptive statistics (means and standard deviations) and inferential statistics (one-way ANOVA). Qualitative data ...


Social Influences On Behavior Change, Regina Schreiber 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Social Influences On Behavior Change, Regina Schreiber

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

What is Social Influence and why does it matter?


The Importance Of Nutrition And Preventing Malnutrition In Older Adults: A Literature Review And Informational Booklet, Sophie Johnson 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The Importance Of Nutrition And Preventing Malnutrition In Older Adults: A Literature Review And Informational Booklet, Sophie Johnson

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Over years of studying nutrition science and gerontology, there was very little information in classes that combined these two important topics. Older adults are often classified as those above the age of 65 years old. There is a growing number of older adults in the United States, which increases the need for information on how nutrition and aging are interlaced. As humans age, multiple factors can impact nutrition. Nutrition involves consuming the proper amount of nutrients to maintain body function. There are physiological, physical, socioeconomic and medication factors that can all influence nutrition status. It is important to be aware ...


Fermentation Performance And Nutritional Assessment Of Physically Processed Lentil And Green Pea Flour, Bibek Byanju, Milagros P. Hojilla‐Evangelista, Buddhi P. Lamsal 2021 Iowa State University

Fermentation Performance And Nutritional Assessment Of Physically Processed Lentil And Green Pea Flour, Bibek Byanju, Milagros P. Hojilla‐Evangelista, Buddhi P. Lamsal

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

BACKGROUND

A significant amount of nutrients, including dietary fibers, proteins, minerals, and vitamins are present in legumes, but the presence of anti‐nutritional factors (ANFs) like phytic acid, tannins, and enzyme inhibitors impact the consumption of legume and nutrient availability. In this research, the effect of a physical process (sonication or precooking) and fermentation with Lactobacillus plantarum and Pediococcus acidilactici on ANFs of some legumes was evaluated.

RESULTS

Total phenolic contents were significantly (p<0.05) reduced for modified and fermented substrates compared to non‐fermented controls. Trypsin inhibitory activity (TIA) was reduced significantly for all substrates except for unsonicated soybean and lentil fermented with L. plantarum and P. acidilactici. When physical processing was done, there was a decrease in TIA for all the substrate. Phytic acid content decreased for physically ...


Strategies For Change: Social Support, Erin Howie 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Strategies For Change: Social Support, Erin Howie

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

What is Social Support?

Different types of social support.

Tips to improve our social network.


Strategies For Change: Mindfulness, Ed Mink 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Strategies For Change: Mindfulness, Ed Mink

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Ed Mink will share mindfulness strategies and take everyone through a mindfulness session.


Effects Of Beer Based Marinades On The Plasmalogen Content And Composition Of Grilled Ruminant Meats, Charles F. Manful, Thu H. Pham, Natalia P. Vidal, Muhammad Nadeem, Evan Wheeler, Oludoyin A. Adigun, Oluwashina A. Ayinla, Dwayne N. Keough, Raymond H. Thomas 2021 Memorial University of Newfoundland

Effects Of Beer Based Marinades On The Plasmalogen Content And Composition Of Grilled Ruminant Meats, Charles F. Manful, Thu H. Pham, Natalia P. Vidal, Muhammad Nadeem, Evan Wheeler, Oludoyin A. Adigun, Oluwashina A. Ayinla, Dwayne N. Keough, Raymond H. Thomas

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Plasmalogens are important phospholipids essential for maintaining cardiovascular and brain health. Ruminant meats are excellent dietary sources of plasmalogens. Globally, grilling remains a popular technique for preparing meats. However, little is known concerning how marination affects retention and quality of plasmalogens in grilled ruminant meats. Here we present information on effect of two unfiltered beer-based marinades infused with herbs and spices on plasmalogens in grilled beef and moose meats. Although total plasmalogen contents of marinated grilled meats were lower compared to unmarinated controls, compositionally, wheat ale- and India session ale-based marinades retained higher levels of PUFA plasmalogen PC (phosphatidylcholine) and ...


Strategies For Change: Behavior Change Using Self Talk, Kaitlyn Chamberlain 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Strategies For Change: Behavior Change Using Self Talk, Kaitlyn Chamberlain

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Speaker shares how self-talk can help improve our ability to meet our goals.


Care For Some Lunch? It’S More Than Just Food! Care, Commensality And Pedagogic Meals In Irish Primary Schools, Caroline McGowan 2021 TuDublin

Care For Some Lunch? It’S More Than Just Food! Care, Commensality And Pedagogic Meals In Irish Primary Schools, Caroline Mcgowan

Level 3

This expository article addresses a lacuna in policy and practice literature around using primary school lunches as both a pedagogical opportunity and a space to expose children to social and cultural ‘rituals’ that model both care and food sharing as commensality. The article argues that policy literature in this space broadly tends to be concerned with a medicalised paradigm of nutrition, physical and cognitive development, and disease prevention, with scant regard for the impact that natural ‘everyday’ practices of eating and caring can have on enhancing encultured commensality, care and learning.


Strategies For Change: Effective Goal Setting, Jamie Baum 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Strategies For Change: Effective Goal Setting, Jamie Baum

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Goal setting and What is a SMART goal?


Strategies For Change: Motivation & Rewards, Kayce Hyde 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Strategies For Change: Motivation & Rewards, Kayce Hyde

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Kayce Hyde speaks about motivation and how we can initiate, guide and maintain goal-oriented behaviors.


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