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Something To Celebrate?: Demoting Dairy In Canada's National Food Guide, Maneesha Deckha 2020 University of Victoria

Something To Celebrate?: Demoting Dairy In Canada's National Food Guide, Maneesha Deckha

Journal of Food Law & Policy

In early 2019, the Canadian Government released the much-anticipated new Canada Food Guide. It is a food guide that de-emphasizes dairy products and promotes plant-based eating. Notably, in the new version, milk and milk products are de-listed as one of the previously four essential food groups. On the surface, it seems that the federal government is promoting veganism and helping to bring about a friendlier future for animals and humans harmed by being producers and consumers of dairy, as the new Guide may seriously contract the currently robust Canadian dairy industry and its powerful lobby. On closer inspection, the messaging ...


Thioredoxin Interacting Protein Is Required For A Chronic Energy-Rich Diet To Promote Intestinal Fructose Absorption, Anu Shah, Sezin Dagdeviren, Jordan P. Lewandowski, Angela B. Schmider, Elisabeth M. Ricci-Blair, Niranjana Natarajan, Henna Hundal, Hye Lim Noh, Randall H. Friedline, Charles Vidoudez, Jason K. Kim, Amy J. Wagers, Roy J. Soberman, Richard T. Lee 2020 Harvard University

Thioredoxin Interacting Protein Is Required For A Chronic Energy-Rich Diet To Promote Intestinal Fructose Absorption, Anu Shah, Sezin Dagdeviren, Jordan P. Lewandowski, Angela B. Schmider, Elisabeth M. Ricci-Blair, Niranjana Natarajan, Henna Hundal, Hye Lim Noh, Randall H. Friedline, Charles Vidoudez, Jason K. Kim, Amy J. Wagers, Roy J. Soberman, Richard T. Lee

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Increased consumption of fats and added sugars has been associated with an increase in metabolic syndromes. Here we show that mice chronically fed an energy-rich diet (ERD) with high fat and moderate sucrose have enhanced the absorption of a gastrointestinal fructose load, and this required expression of the arrestin domain protein Txnip in the intestinal epithelial cells. ERD feeding induced gene and protein expression of Glut5, and this required the expression of Txnip. Furthermore, Txnip interacted with Rab11a, a small GTPase that facilitates the apical localization of Glut5. We also demonstrate that ERD promoted Txnip/Glut5 complexes in the apical ...


Development Of Valuable And Functional Protein-Based Food Ingredients From Invasive Green Crabs, Bouhee Kang 2020 University of Maine

Development Of Valuable And Functional Protein-Based Food Ingredients From Invasive Green Crabs, Bouhee Kang

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

European green crabs (Carcinus maenas L.) are an invasive species unintentionally introduced from Europe to the U.S. Their predation and burrowing activities have had detrimental effects on our marine habitats, aquaculture, and commercially important fisheries. Despite the large population of green crabs, they are not commercially utilized in North America as food products. The specific objectives of my research were to: 1) determine functional properties of protein recovered from green crab by isoelectric solubilization and precipitation (ISP) for potential food application, 2) investigate the application of enzymatic hydrolysis for deriving bioactive compounds from green crab proteins and examine the ...


Appetite Versus Hunger, Jamie Baum 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Appetite Versus Hunger, Jamie Baum

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Do you know the difference between appetite & hunger?

Learning Objectives:

Define & Understand the differences between appetite, hunger, & satiety

Understand energy balance and what contributes to energy balance


The Importance Of Hydration, Brendon P. McDermott 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Importance Of Hydration, Brendon P. Mcdermott

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Introduction to what it means to be hydrated. How important is hydration for your health? How much fluid should you be drinking? Does the type of fluid you drink matter? What about when you exercise? Do you know what your "sweat rate" is?


Metabolomic Profiling Reveals Distinct And Mutual Effects Of Diet And Inflammation In Shaping Systemic Metabolism In Ldlr(-/-) Mice, Mario A. Lauterbach, Eicke Latz, Anette Christ 2020 University of Bonn

Metabolomic Profiling Reveals Distinct And Mutual Effects Of Diet And Inflammation In Shaping Systemic Metabolism In Ldlr(-/-) Mice, Mario A. Lauterbach, Eicke Latz, Anette Christ

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Changes in modern dietary habits such as consumption of Western-type diets affect physiology on several levels, including metabolism and inflammation. It is currently unclear whether changes in systemic metabolism due to dietary interventions are long-lasting and affect acute inflammatory processes. Here, we investigated how high-fat diet (HFD) feeding altered systemic metabolism and the metabolomic response to inflammatory stimuli. We conducted metabolomic profiling of sera collected from Ldlr(-/-) mice on either regular chow diet (CD) or HFD, and after an additional low-dose lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge. HFD feeding, as well as LPS treatment, elicited pronounced metabolic changes. HFD qualitatively altered the systemic ...


Nutrition, Health, & Well-Being, Jamie Baum 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Nutrition, Health, & Well-Being, Jamie Baum

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Brief overview of how nutrition and lifestyle factors influence a person's well-being and how well-being contributes to a person's overall health. Also a brief discussion of recent research regarding well-being, how well-being is measured, and well-being is affected during COVID-19.


Examining The Correlates Of Adolescent Food And Nutrition Knowledge In London, Ontario, Rachel Ann Brown 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Examining The Correlates Of Adolescent Food And Nutrition Knowledge In London, Ontario, Rachel Ann Brown

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Food literacy is a set of skills and knowledge that are integral to diet. It is common among teenagers to not have basic food literacy skills needed to consume a healthy diet. This exploratory study examined: (1) the current state of food and nutrition knowledge among adolescents in grades 9-12 in the London-Middlesex region of Ontario; and (2) predictors of food knowledge among adolescents. Data for this study were drawn from baseline youth and parent survey data collected for the SmartAPPetite project, a smartphone application-based intervention study which aims to improve food and nutrition knowledge and dietary habits of adolescents ...


Incorporating Physical Activity Into Your Daily Life, Erin Howie 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Incorporating Physical Activity Into Your Daily Life, Erin Howie

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

Different forms of physical activity, ways to incorporate physical activity into your daily life, things to consider when choosing a fitness monitor & how to workout safely during COVID-19 pandemic.


Employed Mothers’ Satisfaction With The Breastfeeding Provisions In The Patient Protection And Affordable Care Act, Rebecca A. Penders 2020 University of Massachusetts Boston

Employed Mothers’ Satisfaction With The Breastfeeding Provisions In The Patient Protection And Affordable Care Act, Rebecca A. Penders

Graduate Doctoral Dissertations

Objective: Guided by the Conceptual Model for Nursing and Health Policy (CMNHP), the purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which employed mothers perceived satisfaction in their breastfeeding experiences after enactment of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) breastfeeding provisions. Methods: The participants (N=507) were employed mothers who returned to work after the birth of their infants and reported hourly pay. Convenience sampling was used to recruit women via La Leche USA Facebook account (LLL USA). Participants completed the Penders Breastfeeding Survey in Research Electronic Data Capture (REDCap). The survey consisted of 39-items; including ...


Elucidating The Relation Between Human Milk Fatty Acids, Extracellular Vesicles, And Infant Developmental Outcomes In The First Year Of Life, Diana Bickmore 2020 Chapman University

Elucidating The Relation Between Human Milk Fatty Acids, Extracellular Vesicles, And Infant Developmental Outcomes In The First Year Of Life, Diana Bickmore

Food Science (MS) Theses

For most infants, human milk is the recommended source of nutrition. Improved developmental outcomes have been reported in infants that consume human milk compared to infant formula. Essential fatty acids (EFAs) confer health benefits. However, EFAs cannot be synthesized by the body, and therefore must be consumed in diet. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are nanoparticles containing a lipid bilayer membrane and are present in human milk. Methods of EV isolation such as ultracentrifugation (UC) may not be feasible for the study of EVs in human milk due to the need for large sample volume, which may not be available. The objectives ...


Efecto De La Presentación Del Alimento En Los Indicadores Productivos En Cerdos De Engorde, Camila Alejandra Guzmán Pachón, Damián Steven Jiménez Acosta 2020 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Efecto De La Presentación Del Alimento En Los Indicadores Productivos En Cerdos De Engorde, Camila Alejandra Guzmán Pachón, Damián Steven Jiménez Acosta

Zootecnia

El presente proyecto experimental se realizó en el municipio Silvania, Cundinamarca, se utilizaron 60 cerdos de la línea Pietran Topigs X Newsham en la etapa de levante - ceba , distribuidos en 3 tratamientos con 20 cerdos respectivamente, con el objetivo de determinar los efectos de la presentación del alimento en los indicadores productivos en cerdos de engorde, las tres presentaciones de alimento evaluadas fueron: harina, harina humedecida y pellet con la misma formulación para cada una de las etapas variando únicamente la presentación física y de esta manera conocer el efecto en el consumo diario promedio de alimento, ganancia de peso ...


Covid-19 And Food Insecurity Impacts: A Follow Up Vermont Study, Meredith T. Niles, Anna L. Josephson, Farryl Bertmann, Emily H. Belarmino, Roni Neff 2020 The University of Vermont

Covid-19 And Food Insecurity Impacts: A Follow Up Vermont Study, Meredith T. Niles, Anna L. Josephson, Farryl Bertmann, Emily H. Belarmino, Roni Neff

College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Faculty Publications

This brief report details the results from a follow-up survey of 1,236 Vermonters in June 2020, after an initial survey in March/April 2020 focused on the impact of COVID-19 on food access and security. The key results include: 1) Nearly 1 in 4 respondents (23%) were classified as food insecure in June, a reported 22% decrease since March, but higher than before COVID-19. 2) People of color, those without a college degree, those with a job loss, households with children, women, and younger people had greater odds of experiencing food insecurity. 3) The majority of respondent households had ...


Food And Job Insecurity In Vermont During Covid-19 Infographic, Meredith T. Niles, Anna L. Josephson, Farryl Bertmann, Emily H. Belarmino, Roni Neff 2020 The University of Vermont

Food And Job Insecurity In Vermont During Covid-19 Infographic, Meredith T. Niles, Anna L. Josephson, Farryl Bertmann, Emily H. Belarmino, Roni Neff

College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Faculty Publications

This infographic details the summary results from a second Vermont survey on food and job insecurity in Vermont during COVID-19 in March and June 2020. Key results include: 1) Nearly 1 in 4 Vermonters experience food insecurity in June 2020; 2) People of color, those without a college degree, with job disruption, with children, and women were more likely to be food insecure; 3) More than 50% of Vermonters experienced job loss or disruption, and 20% received unemployment in June 2020; 4) Use of food assistance programs rose significantly between March 2020 and June 2020.


Consumer Acceptability Of Gulf Of Maine Sugar Kelp Seaweed In Baked Bread, Laurel Simone 2020 University of Maine

Consumer Acceptability Of Gulf Of Maine Sugar Kelp Seaweed In Baked Bread, Laurel Simone

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Although steady interest in edible seaweed cultivation continues to grow in Maine, research is lacking regarding consumer preferences and purchasing behavior of seaweed-containing products. The purpose of this study was to determine consumer acceptability of seaweed baked bread and provide insights into purchasing behavior to reveal potential consumer groups that are most likely to buy and eat baked products containing seaweed. Consumer preferences were determined by a sensory evaluation test and an online survey.

Sixty-five participants completed the central location test of freshly-baked bread containing seaweed. Participants were required to be at least 18 years of age, willing to eat ...


Effect Of Long Pasteurization Run Times On Bacterial Numbers In Milk, Brynli Tattersall 2020 Utah State University

Effect Of Long Pasteurization Run Times On Bacterial Numbers In Milk, Brynli Tattersall

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This project was funded by the Western Dairy Center to understand how long a milk pasteurizer can be operated before increases in bacterial numbers are observed in the pasteurized milk. While pasteurization kills pathogenic bacteria there are some non-pathogenic bacteria that can survive and have the ability to become attached to the surfaces in the cooling sections of the pasteurizer. Some bacteria can also produce spores that survive pasteurization even if the bacterial cells are killed. Temperatures in the cooling section remain in a range suitable for growth of these heat-tolerant bacteria and can allow germination of bacterial spores. While ...


Housing Stability And Diabetes Among People Living In New York City Public Housing, Sungwoo Lim, Sze Yan Liu, Melanie H. Jacobson, Eugenie Poirot, Aldo Crossa, Sean Locke, Jennifer Brite, Elizabeth Hamby, Zinzi Bailey, Stephanie Farquhar 2020 New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene

Housing Stability And Diabetes Among People Living In New York City Public Housing, Sungwoo Lim, Sze Yan Liu, Melanie H. Jacobson, Eugenie Poirot, Aldo Crossa, Sean Locke, Jennifer Brite, Elizabeth Hamby, Zinzi Bailey, Stephanie Farquhar

Department of Public Health Scholarship and Creative Works

Public housing provides affordable housing and, potentially, housing stability for low-income families. Housing stability may be associated with lower incidence or prevalence and better management of a range of health conditions through many mechanisms. We aimed to test the hypotheses that public housing residency is associated with both housing stability and reduced risk of diabetes incidence, and the relationship between public housing and diabetes risk varies by levels of housing stability. Using 2004-16 World Trade Center Health Registry data, we compared outcomes (housing stability measured by sequence analysis of addresses, self-reported diabetes diagnoses) between 730 New York City public housing ...


Comparison Of College Students' Behavior Toward Nutrition Information Communication Between Korea And The Us, Chang-Sik Kim, Robert H. Bosselman, Hyung-Min Choi, Keum Sil Lee, Eojina Kim, Hyeyoung Moon, Yoon J. Jang, Sunny Ham 2020 Sejong University

Comparison Of College Students' Behavior Toward Nutrition Information Communication Between Korea And The Us, Chang-Sik Kim, Robert H. Bosselman, Hyung-Min Choi, Keum Sil Lee, Eojina Kim, Hyeyoung Moon, Yoon J. Jang, Sunny Ham

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Background/objectives: The expansion of menu labeling to restaurants has created a need to study customers' behavior toward nutrition information. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to compare college students' behavior toward nutrition information communication between Korea and the US. This study consisted of three objectives: 1) to compare the frequency of usage as well as degree of trust regarding smartphone-based communication channels in the acquisition of nutrition information among college students between Korea and the US, 2) to compare knowledge-sharing behavior related to nutrition information among college students between Korea and the US, and 3) to identify the ...


Exploring The Connection Between Acid Exposure And Virulence In Listeria Monocytogenes, Minghao Li 2020 Utah State University

Exploring The Connection Between Acid Exposure And Virulence In Listeria Monocytogenes, Minghao Li

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Listeria monocytogenes is a gram-positive food-borne pathogen that is widely dispersed in the environment and can cause listeriosis with high fatality rates when consumed in contaminated food products. They are capable of growing over a wide range condition. Listeria is also able to tolerate adverse conditions which allows the bacterium to survive in unfavorable environments. The ubiquitous nature of L. monocytogenes makes it difficult to eliminate from food systems. One major problem in the food industry is the survival of L. monocytogenes under sublethal low pH-environment since organic acids are widely used as food decontaminants. Prior research has suggested that ...


Introduction To Exercise Is Medicine, Erin Howie 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Introduction To Exercise Is Medicine, Erin Howie

Diet, Food, Exercise, and Nutrition (D-FEND)

An introduction to how exercise is medicine and can promote health-related benefits.


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