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Challenges And Benefits Experienced By Mississippi Schools In The Adoption Of Farm To School Programs, Manuel Aldair Franco Pech 2021 University of Mississippi

Challenges And Benefits Experienced By Mississippi Schools In The Adoption Of Farm To School Programs, Manuel Aldair Franco Pech

Honors Theses

Mississippi obesity rates are the second highest in the United States. An appropriate target group to combat the state’s high obesity rates are school age children (ages 18 and under), because healthy eating habits developed at this age translate into adult years. An avenue to encourage and develop healthy eating habits are Farm to School (F2S) programs, which provide in-school accessibility to healthy, locally produced foods. The objective of this study was to analyze the results from the 2015 United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) F2S Census, which collected details regarding F2S participation across the country, to determine ...


Rejection Of African Indigenous Food: The Case Of Rwanda, Eugene Baraka 2021 UNL

Rejection Of African Indigenous Food: The Case Of Rwanda, Eugene Baraka

NUTR/GLST 498b: Global Research Experiences in Nutrition & Health

Rwanda has one of the highest stunting rates among children globally, and malnutrition remains one of the most pressing public health issues. Lack of diversified diets, due to colonialization and nutrition transition, is the leading cause of the double burden of malnutrition in the country where the progress to reduce undernutrition is slow and obesity rates are rapidly rising. Consumption of indigenous foods has proven to diversify diets, but very few studies have been conducted to assess which ones are available for consumption in Rwanda. The purpose of this study was to assess the availability and use of indigenous foods ...


Effects Of Beer Based Marinades On The Plasmalogen Content And Composition Of Grilled Ruminant Meats, Charles F. Manful, Thu H. Pham, Natalia P. Vidal, Muhammad Nadeem, Evan Wheeler, Oludoyin A. Adigun, Oluwashina A. Ayinla, Dwayne N. Keough, Raymond H. Thomas 2021 Memorial University of Newfoundland

Effects Of Beer Based Marinades On The Plasmalogen Content And Composition Of Grilled Ruminant Meats, Charles F. Manful, Thu H. Pham, Natalia P. Vidal, Muhammad Nadeem, Evan Wheeler, Oludoyin A. Adigun, Oluwashina A. Ayinla, Dwayne N. Keough, Raymond H. Thomas

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Plasmalogens are important phospholipids essential for maintaining cardiovascular and brain health. Ruminant meats are excellent dietary sources of plasmalogens. Globally, grilling remains a popular technique for preparing meats. However, little is known concerning how marination affects retention and quality of plasmalogens in grilled ruminant meats. Here we present information on effect of two unfiltered beer-based marinades infused with herbs and spices on plasmalogens in grilled beef and moose meats. Although total plasmalogen contents of marinated grilled meats were lower compared to unmarinated controls, compositionally, wheat ale- and India session ale-based marinades retained higher levels of PUFA plasmalogen PC (phosphatidylcholine) and ...


Food Sourcing And The Relationship To Height Of 6th To 7th Graders In Southern Ethiopia And Zambia, Flora Bescansa Luers 2021 University of Nebraska Lincoln

Food Sourcing And The Relationship To Height Of 6th To 7th Graders In Southern Ethiopia And Zambia, Flora Bescansa Luers

NUTR/GLST 498b: Global Research Experiences in Nutrition & Health

Introduction: Zambia and Ethiopia are Sub-Saharan African countries experiencing high rates of malnutrition and stunting. This study examines food sourcing and its relationship to stunting.

Methods: Anthropometric assessment and food frequency-sourcing interviews were taken for 488 6th-7th graders in Livingstone, Zambia and Hawassa, Ethiopia. Data were analyzed using ANOVA.

Results: Most students sourced food from local markets and home gardens; however Zambian students used a greater variety of sources. Those sourcing from home gardens were significantly taller.

Discussion: Home gardening provides economic and health benefits, as well as food security. A focus on preservation and use of indigenous species is ...


Integrating Policies, Systems, And Environments (Pse) Work Into Fcs Extension Programming: Lessons Learned From A Multi-State Training, Lisa T. Washburn, Heather Norman-Burgdolf, Karen L. Franck, Lauren E. Kennedy, Christopher T. Sneed 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Integrating Policies, Systems, And Environments (Pse) Work Into Fcs Extension Programming: Lessons Learned From A Multi-State Training, Lisa T. Washburn, Heather Norman-Burgdolf, Karen L. Franck, Lauren E. Kennedy, Christopher T. Sneed

Dietetics and Human Nutrition Faculty Publications

Public health efforts have emphasized changes to policies, systems and environments (PSEs) to improve health behaviors for individuals and communities. Extension has increasingly emphasized these approaches, particularly for work of Family and Consumer Sciences (FCS) agents. In part, this emphasis on PSEs in Extension has been driven by SNAP-Ed and other federally funded initiatives, such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) High Obesity Programs (HOP). However, broader adoption and implementation of PSEs at the local level has lagged in some states for various reasons. These include limited understanding about PSE interventions and how this work fits with ...


Fruit And Vegetable Consumption Behavior Among Asian Americans: A Thematic Analysis, Chia Liang Dai, Manoj Sharma, Taj Haider, Hema Sunchu 2021 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Fruit And Vegetable Consumption Behavior Among Asian Americans: A Thematic Analysis, Chia Liang Dai, Manoj Sharma, Taj Haider, Hema Sunchu

Teaching and Learning Faculty Publications

© The Author(s) 2021. Consuming 5 or more cups of fruits and vegetables (F & V) per day or 400 g/day for adults is advocated by most health authorities and has short-term and long-term health benefits. There have been numerous studies examining dietary behaviors among different US populations; however, the literature on F & V consumption behavior among Asian Americans (AAs) is sparse. AAs constitute a diverse group and as their population continues to grow in the US; there is a greater need to examine the health practices of AAs and their constituent subgroups. The study aimed to conduct a thematic analysis based on a scoping review of the peer-reviewed published literature over the past 15 years targeting F & V consumption among AAs. The thematic analysis was organized around the prevalence, consequences, determinants, and interventions (n = 33). AAs consuming recommended servings of F & V ranged from 0.5% to 20%. Correlations between the consumption of F & V and Body ...


“We’Re, Like, The Most Unhealthy People In The Country”: Employing An Equity Lens To Reduce Barriers To Healthy Food Access In Rural Appalachia, Kathryn Cardarelli, Emily M. DeWitt, Rachel Gillespie, Heather Norman-Burgdolf, Natalie Jones, Janet Tietyen Mullins 2020 University of Kentucky

“We’Re, Like, The Most Unhealthy People In The Country”: Employing An Equity Lens To Reduce Barriers To Healthy Food Access In Rural Appalachia, Kathryn Cardarelli, Emily M. Dewitt, Rachel Gillespie, Heather Norman-Burgdolf, Natalie Jones, Janet Tietyen Mullins

Dietetics and Human Nutrition Faculty Publications

Introduction

Obesity disproportionately affects rural communities, and Appalachia has some of the highest obesity rates in the nation. Successful policy, systems, and environmental (PSE) interventions to reduce obesity must reflect the circumstances of the population. We used a health equity lens to identify barriers and facilitators for healthy food access in Martin County, Kentucky, to design interventions responsive to social, cultural, and historical contexts.

Methods

We conducted 5 focus groups in Martin County, Kentucky, in fall 2019 to obtain perspectives on the local food system and gauge acceptability of PSE interventions. We used grounded theory to identify perceived barriers and ...


Availability And Consumption Of Vitamin A Foods Among Southern Ethiopian And Zambian Primary Students, Trang Vuong 2020 University of Nebraska Lincoln

Availability And Consumption Of Vitamin A Foods Among Southern Ethiopian And Zambian Primary Students, Trang Vuong

NUTR/GLST 498b: Global Research Experiences in Nutrition & Health

Purpose: Understand vitamin A food availability in open-air markets (OAM’s), and consumption of those foods by primary school children in southern Ethiopia/Zambia.

Methods: Conducted inventories of all consumable/potable items and interviewed 6-7th grade students about consumption of items with vitamin A.

Results: Students consumed most of the 14 vitamin A foods/items sold in OAM’s. Zambian students ate more liver, pumpkin, squash, watermelon, and wild fruits, while Ethiopian students almost never consumed squash, watermelon or wild fruits.

Conclusions: The availability of Vitamin A foods in Ethiopian and Zambian OAMs are varied; however, Zambian children reportedly eat ...


Qualitative Analysis Of Maternal Barriers And Perceptions To Participation In A Federal Supplemental Nutrition Program In Rural Appalachian North Carolina, Sydeena E. Isaacs, Lenka H. Shriver, Lauren Haldeman 2020 University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Department of Nutrition

Qualitative Analysis Of Maternal Barriers And Perceptions To Participation In A Federal Supplemental Nutrition Program In Rural Appalachian North Carolina, Sydeena E. Isaacs, Lenka H. Shriver, Lauren Haldeman

Journal of Appalachian Health

Background: Little is known about barriers to and perceptions of participation in the in Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) program in rural Appalachia.

Purpose: To gain a deeper understanding of maternal barriers and perceptions related to WIC participation in rural Appalachia

Methods: Pregnant women and mothers were recruited in-person and via flyers from WIC offices in three counties in Appalachian North Carolina. Four semi-structured focus groups were conducted between May to July 2018. Each focus group was approximately 60 minutes long and included open-ended questions about the overall WIC experience in rural Appalachia. Focus groups were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and ...


Pulse Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices, And Cooking Experience Of Midwestern Us University Students, Donna M. Winham, Elizabeth D. Davitt, Michelle M. Heer, Mack C. Shelley II 2020 Iowa State University

Pulse Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices, And Cooking Experience Of Midwestern Us University Students, Donna M. Winham, Elizabeth D. Davitt, Michelle M. Heer, Mack C. Shelley Ii

Political Science Publications

Many American college students fail to meet dietary guideline recommendations for fruits, vegetables, and fiber. Pulses are a subgroup of legumes, harvested solely for dry grain seeds within a pod. Commonly consumed pulses include dry beans, dry peas, lentils, and chickpeas. Pulses are high in shortfall nutrients and could fill some nutritional gaps of college students. However, little is known about pulse intakes among young adults. The study aims were: (1) to identify knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding pulse consumption; and (2) to describe experiences of preparing dry pulses among college students. A convenience sample of 1433 students aged 18 ...


Advances In Foodborne Pathogen Analysis, Arun K. Bhunia, Bledar Bisha, Andrew G. Gehring, Byron F. Brehm-Stecher 2020 Purdue University

Advances In Foodborne Pathogen Analysis, Arun K. Bhunia, Bledar Bisha, Andrew G. Gehring, Byron F. Brehm-Stecher

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

As the world population has grown, new demands on the production of foods have been met by increased efficiencies in production, from planting and harvesting to processing, packaging and distribution to retail locations. These efficiencies enable rapid intranational and global dissemination of foods, providing longer “face time” for products on retail shelves and allowing consumers to make healthy dietary choices year-round. However, our food production capabilities have outpaced the capacity of traditional detection methods to ensure our foods are safe. Traditional methods for culture-based detection and characterization of microorganisms are time-, labor- and, in some instances, space- and infrastructure-intensive, and ...


Associations Of Staple Food Consumption And Types Of Cooking Oil With Waist Circumference And Body Mass Index In Older Chinese Men And Women: A Panel Analysis, Yen-Han Lee, Yen-Chang Chang, Ting Fang Alvin Ang, Timothy Chiang, Mack C. Shelley II 2020 Indiana University

Associations Of Staple Food Consumption And Types Of Cooking Oil With Waist Circumference And Body Mass Index In Older Chinese Men And Women: A Panel Analysis, Yen-Han Lee, Yen-Chang Chang, Ting Fang Alvin Ang, Timothy Chiang, Mack C. Shelley Ii

Political Science Publications

Background: The dietary landscape has changed rapidly in China in the past few decades. This research investigates the associations of older adults’ choices and consumption of staple foods and cooking oils with obesity related measurements.

Methods: Panel data were extracted from the Chinese Longitudinal Health Longevity Survey from3253 older participants with 6506 observations. Ordinary least squares and ordered logistic regression models were estimated with the outcomes of obesity determined by waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI), respectively.

Results: Older men who consumed wheat had wider WCs (β=2.84 [95% confidence interval {CI} 1.55 to 4.13 ...


Chronic Inflammation Was A Major Predictor And Determinant Factor Of Anemia In Lactating Women In Sidama Zone Southern Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study, Tafere Gebreegziabher Belay, Taylor Roice, Barbara J. Stoecker 2020 Central Washington University

Chronic Inflammation Was A Major Predictor And Determinant Factor Of Anemia In Lactating Women In Sidama Zone Southern Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study, Tafere Gebreegziabher Belay, Taylor Roice, Barbara J. Stoecker

All Faculty Scholarship for the College of the Sciences

Anemia in women of reproductive age is highly prevalent globally and remains a public health problem. In Ethiopia, despite efforts to minimize the burden of anemia, it is still a moderate public health problem. Anemia has various etiologies including nutritional deficiency, parasitic infection, and inflammation. The aim of this study was to examine contributing factors to anemia in lactating women. Following ethical approval, and six months after delivery, all lactating women (n = 150) were recruited to participate in this study from eight randomly selected rural villages. Anthropometric and socio-economic factors were assessed. From each, a blood sample was collected for ...


Consumption Of Added Sugars By Rural Residents Of Southwest Virginia, Maryam Yuhas, Valisa Hedrick, Jamie Zoellner 2020 University of Virginia

Consumption Of Added Sugars By Rural Residents Of Southwest Virginia, Maryam Yuhas, Valisa Hedrick, Jamie Zoellner

Journal of Appalachian Health

Introduction: Nationally, rural residents have high consumption of added sugars, yet the top sources have not been explored. Characterizing added-sugar intake in high sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumers in rural areas is an important step to help inform interventions and policies.

Purpose: The objective of this study was to explore the top food and beverage sources of added sugar and to examine variations by sociodemographic characteristics.

Methods: This cross-sectional study analyzed data from a randomized-controlled trial to reduce SSB in eight rural Appalachian counties. Data were obtained from baseline demographic surveys and three 24-hour dietary recalls. Dietary analyses included deriving AS ...


Investigating Elementary School Food Programs: Impacts On Child Knowledge And Dietary Behaviours, Paige Colley 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Investigating Elementary School Food Programs: Impacts On Child Knowledge And Dietary Behaviours, Paige Colley

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Good nutrition is an important part of maintaining a healthy lifestyle. A balanced diet can promote positive health outcomes, protecting against health problems caused by nutritional deficiencies. Canada has reported poor diet quality and high rates of overweight and obesity among children. Obesity has been linked to several non-communicable diseases including type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and some forms of cancer. Efforts to improve lifelong, healthy eating behaviours must be implemented.

This dissertation investigated the impacts of school food programming on child nutrition. A Centrally Procured School Food Program (CPSFP) was implemented at 30 elementary schools in Southwestern Ontario, Canada ...


Customers' Perception Of The Attributes Of Different Formats Of Menu Labeling: A Comparison Between Korea And The U.S, Robert H. Bosselman, Hyung-Min Choi, Keum Sil Lee, Eojina Kim, Jaebin Cha, Jin-Yi Jeong, Mina Jo, Sunny Ham 2020 Iowa State University

Customers' Perception Of The Attributes Of Different Formats Of Menu Labeling: A Comparison Between Korea And The U.S, Robert H. Bosselman, Hyung-Min Choi, Keum Sil Lee, Eojina Kim, Jaebin Cha, Jin-Yi Jeong, Mina Jo, Sunny Ham

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Background/objectives: This study compared the perception of customers from Korea and the U.S. on the attributes of different formats of menu labeling The specific objectives were 1) to compare the customers' perceived usefulness, ease-of-understanding, clarity, and attractiveness of different formats of menu labeling between Korea and the U.S.; and 2) to compare the customers' use intention to different formats of menu labeling between Korea and the U.S.

Subjects/methods: A survey was conducted in Korea and the U.S. The participants were allocated randomly to view 1 of the 7 restaurant menus that varied according to ...


Grains, Grasses, And Tubers: Staple Carbohydrates In The Diets Of Middle School Children Of Southern Zambia And Ethiopia, Brianna Juma 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Grains, Grasses, And Tubers: Staple Carbohydrates In The Diets Of Middle School Children Of Southern Zambia And Ethiopia, Brianna Juma

NUTR/GLST 498b: Global Research Experiences in Nutrition & Health

Purpose: Survey staple carbohydrate availability in local markets, complete anthropometric assessment, and interview primary school children about carbohydrate consumption in Southern Zambia and Ethiopia

Methods: Market inventories, anthropometric assessments, and interviews of 6th and 7th grade students

Results: Ethiopians have a greater diversity of available carbohydrates, have better overall anthropometric values compared to Zambian children, and consume more nutritious and varied carbohydrate types.

Conclusions: Diversity in carbohydrate availability and consumption, as well as more nutritious options, are associated with healthier growth rates among primary school children in Southern regions of Zambia and Ethiopia.


Transdisciplinary Approaches For The Dissemination Of The Switch School Wellness Initiative Through A Distributed 4-H/Extension Network, Gabriella McLoughlin, Spyridoula Vazou, Laura C. Liechty, Ann R. Torbert, Lorraine Lanningham-Foster, R. R. Rosenkranz, Gregory Welk 2020 Iowa State University

Transdisciplinary Approaches For The Dissemination Of The Switch School Wellness Initiative Through A Distributed 4-H/Extension Network, Gabriella Mcloughlin, Spyridoula Vazou, Laura C. Liechty, Ann R. Torbert, Lorraine Lanningham-Foster, R. R. Rosenkranz, Gregory Welk

Kinesiology Publications

Background: Schools provide an ideal setting for promoting healthy lifestyles in youth, but it has proven difficult to promote the adoption and implementation of evidence-based programming by school leaders. The SWITCH® (School Wellness Integration Targeting Child Health) intervention is a capacity-building process designed to help school leaders learn how to plan, implement, and sustain school wellness programs on their own.

Objective: The present study evaluates the transdisciplinary approaches used in establishing an integrated research-practice partnership with the state-wide 4-H/Extension network to support broader dissemination.

Method: The study used a mixed methods approach to evaluate the degree of engagement and ...


An Assessment Of The Knowledge, Attitudes, And Practices Pre- And Post- ‘Sodoto’ Model Of Intervention In The Mobile Teaching Kitchen, Sento Kai Kargbo 2020 Skidmore College

An Assessment Of The Knowledge, Attitudes, And Practices Pre- And Post- ‘Sodoto’ Model Of Intervention In The Mobile Teaching Kitchen, Sento Kai Kargbo

Self-Determined Majors Final Projects

Despite improvements in the overall status of malnutrition in India, the numbers remain alarmingly high. In order to address this problem in rural India, the Need for Nutrition Education/Innovation Program (NNEdPro) Global Center for Health and Nutrition, the Remedy Clinic Study Group in Kolkata, and the Inner Wheel Club for Greater Calcutta launched the Bhavishya Shakti Mobile Teaching Kitchen (MTK) project in two slums in Kolkata, India. The Bhavishya Shakti MTK project seeks to ameliorate the level of malnutrition in rural India by improving diet diversity and awareness through cooking demonstrations of sustainable, nutritious, and affordable meals. Locally trained ...


Food Accessibility Related To Double Your Dollar Program, Julia Carlson 2020 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Food Accessibility Related To Double Your Dollar Program, Julia Carlson

Human Nutrition and Hospitality Management Undergraduate Honors Theses

The Double Your Dollar (DYD) Program is a program that gives Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) beneficiaries and Senior Farmers’ Market Nutrition Program (SFMNP) participants match dollars to spend at local farmers markets. Users are able to spend these dollars on fruits, vegetables, eggs, meats, dairy, jam/jelly, honey and food producing plants. DYD’s goal is to incentivize healthy eating among individuals of low income, promote local purchases, and increase spending at farmers markets. Food insecurity effects over 60,000 individuals in Washington and Benton county. With food accessibility being an area of concern in Northwest Arkansas, programs like ...


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