Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Nutritional Epidemiology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

192 Full-Text Articles 445 Authors 86,778 Downloads 49 Institutions

All Articles in Nutritional Epidemiology

Faceted Search

192 full-text articles. Page 7 of 7.

Inadequate Feeding Of Infant And Young Children In India: Lack Of Nutritional Information Or Food Affordability?, Nisha Malhotra 2011 University of British Columbia

Inadequate Feeding Of Infant And Young Children In India: Lack Of Nutritional Information Or Food Affordability?, Nisha Malhotra

Nisha Malhotra

Why does child malnutrition persist in India? Amongst the fastest growing economies over the last two decades, India has struggled to make progress in the health of its children. In this article the author argues that the reason malnutrition persists is not limited to poverty or inadequate access to food; but that a lack of nutritional knowledge amongst families plays a very important role.

Scientific Abstract Objective: Despite a rapidly growing economy and rising income levels in India, improvements in child malnutrition have lagged. Data from the most recent National Family Health Survey reveal that the infant and young child ...


Emerging Dynamics Of Human Campylobacteriosis In Southern Ireland, Susan Bullman, Daniel Corcoran, James O'Leary, Derry O'Hare, Brigid Lucey, Roy D. Sleator 2011 Department of Biological Sciences, Cork Institute of Technology

Emerging Dynamics Of Human Campylobacteriosis In Southern Ireland, Susan Bullman, Daniel Corcoran, James O'Leary, Derry O'Hare, Brigid Lucey, Roy D. Sleator

Department of Biological Sciences Publications

Infections with Campylobacter spp. pose a significant health burden worldwide. The significance of Campylobacter jejuni/Campylobacter coli infection is well appreciated but the contribution of non-C. jejuni/C. coli spp. to human gastroenteritis is largely unknown. In this study, we employed a two-tiered molecular study on 7194 patient faecal samples received by the Microbiology Department in Cork University Hospital during 2009. The first step, using EntericBio® (Serosep), a multiplex PCR system, detected Campylobacter to the genus level. The second step, utilizing Campylobacter species-specific PCR identified to the species level. A total of 340 samples were confirmed as Campylobacter genus positive ...


Ppods: Pregnancy And Postpartum Observational Dietary Study, Tiffany A. Moore Simas 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Ppods: Pregnancy And Postpartum Observational Dietary Study, Tiffany A. Moore Simas

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

An important contributor to weight gain among young women is postpartum weight retention; however, interventions aimed at promoting weight loss among post-partum women have generally been unsuccessful. This presentation will include an overview of a recently funded translational research project designed to evaluate whether associations among dietary consumption of saturated fat, fat deposition and weight loss observed in mice, can be observed in human subjects during pregnancy and the postpartum period.


Training: An Opportunity For People With Disabilities In School Foodservice Operations, Paola Paez, Susan W. Arendt, Catherine H. Strohbehn 2011 University of Costa Rica

Training: An Opportunity For People With Disabilities In School Foodservice Operations, Paola Paez, Susan W. Arendt, Catherine H. Strohbehn

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Purpose/Objectives This study assessed current training methods and topics used at public school foodservice operations as well as school foodservice representatives’ attitudes toward training employees with disabilities.

Methods A mixed method approach of data collection included two phases. Phase I used a more qualitative approach; interviews were conducted with three experienced school foodservice directors. Phase II used a more quantitative approach whereby an online questionnaire was developed based on interview results. The questionnaire was sent to all school foodservice representatives in Iowa (N = 363). Interview transcripts were analyzed manually and with Atlas.ti™, a qualitative software package. Questionnaire responses ...


A Multidisciplinary Approach To Food Safety Evaluation: Hummus Spoilage And Microbial Analysis Of Kitchen Surfaces In Residential Child Care Institutions (Rcci) In Massachusetts, U.S.A., Elsina E. Hagan 2011 University of Massachusetts Amherst

A Multidisciplinary Approach To Food Safety Evaluation: Hummus Spoilage And Microbial Analysis Of Kitchen Surfaces In Residential Child Care Institutions (Rcci) In Massachusetts, U.S.A., Elsina E. Hagan

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Food borne illnesses continues to be a public health challenge in the United States (U.S.); an estimated 9.4 million incident cases occurred in 2011. In view of this challenge we conducted two food safety studies; 1) related to product formulation (hummus spoilage challenge study) and 2) evaluating the microbial safety of domestic kitchen surfaces in Residential Child Care Institutions (RCCI pilot study).

Hummus is of Mediterranean origin but is currently eaten globally. This challenge study evaluates a variety of industrial hummus formulations (four in total, differing in pH and/or addition of a preservative (natamycin). Two batches were ...


Predicting Intentions To Continue Exclusive Breastfeeding For 6 Months: A Comparison Among Racial/Ethnic Groups, Yeon Bai, Shahla M. Wunderlich, Alyce D. Fly 2010 Montclair State University

Predicting Intentions To Continue Exclusive Breastfeeding For 6 Months: A Comparison Among Racial/Ethnic Groups, Yeon Bai, Shahla M. Wunderlich, Alyce D. Fly

Department of Nutrition and Food Studies Scholarship and Creative Works

The purpose of this study was to explore how mothers of different races/ethnicities make decisions to continue exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for 6 months under the Theory of Planned Behavior. Participants were recruited from hospitals and WIC clinics in Central Indiana and Southern New Jersey from 2008 to 2009. Mothers (N = 236: 93 non-Hispanic African American, 72 non-Hispanic white, 71 Hispanic/Latina) completed a self-administered questionnaire that measured theoretical constructs and beliefs related to their intention to practice EBF for 6 months. Intentions to continue EBF for 6 months were similar (P = 0.15) across racial/ethnic groups. Significant proportions ...


Regulation Of Atp Binding Cassette Transporter A1 And G1 Expression By Fatty Acids, Chai Siah Ku 2010 University of Nebraska at Lincoln

Regulation Of Atp Binding Cassette Transporter A1 And G1 Expression By Fatty Acids, Chai Siah Ku

Nutrition & Health Sciences Dissertations & Theses

High density lipoprotein (HDL) is an atheroprotective element which is critical in the reverse cholesterol transport (RCT) pathway to eliminate excess cholesterol from the periphery of the body. A low plasma HDL cholesterol levels indicate a higher risk of getting cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Formation and metabolism of HDL largely rely on ATP binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) and G1 (ABCG1) that are transporters to facilitate the efflux of cellular cholesterol to outside of cells. ABCA1 in the liver and small intestine is the major contributing factor for HDL formation. On the other hand, ABCA1 and ABCG1 present in macrophages contribute ...


Probiotic Therapy - Recruiting Old Friends To Fight New Foes, Roy D. Sleator 2010 Alimentary Pharmabiotic Centre; University College Cork; Cork, Ireland; Department of Biological Sciences; Cork Institute of Technology; Cork, Ireland.

Probiotic Therapy - Recruiting Old Friends To Fight New Foes, Roy D. Sleator

Department of Biological Sciences Publications

Against a backdrop of increasing antibiotic resistance, and the emergence of new and evolving pathogens, clinicians are increasingly forced to consider alternative therapies - probiotics are one such alternative.


Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors And Associations With Indicators Of Body Fat, Diet, And Physical Activity In U.S. Children Ages 6-11, Melissa A. Masters 2010 University of Nebraska at Lincoln

Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors And Associations With Indicators Of Body Fat, Diet, And Physical Activity In U.S. Children Ages 6-11, Melissa A. Masters

Nutrition & Health Sciences Dissertations & Theses

Research was conducted to determine the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in U.S. children ages 6-11 and associations with body fat, diet, and physical activity. Data for 685 children ages 6-11 was obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). NHANES data was examined to determine the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in these children, the impact of indicators of body fat on cardiovascular disease risk factors, the association between cardiovascular disease risk factors and dietary components, and the relationship between physical activity and cardiovascular disease risk factors among U.S. children. Children were also ...


Analysis Of Water Soluble Vitamins In Energy Drinks By Hplc, Stephen P. Sibley, Sarah E.G. Porter 2010 Longwood University

Analysis Of Water Soluble Vitamins In Energy Drinks By Hplc, Stephen P. Sibley, Sarah E.G. Porter

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

Reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) was utilized to analyze the ingredients of various dietary supplements. Dietary supplements are classified by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as foods rather than drugs, and as such have very different labeling laws. Specifically, we tested several types of "vitamin water", 5-hour energy, and multi-vitamin supplements to determine if the advertised contents were actually present at the levels specified. Using our method, we were able to simultaneously analyze the B-vitamins present. It was determined that several of the energy drinks contained B-vitamins that were not in agreement with their ...


Lifestyle, Anthropometric, And Obesity-Related Physiologic Determinants Of Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 In The Third National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey (1988-1994).Pdf, Niyati Parekh, Calpurnyia B. Roberts, Maya Vadiveloo, Thanusha Puvananayagam, Jeanine Albu, Grace L. Lu-Yao 2009 University of Rhode Island

Lifestyle, Anthropometric, And Obesity-Related Physiologic Determinants Of Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 In The Third National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey (1988-1994).Pdf, Niyati Parekh, Calpurnyia B. Roberts, Maya Vadiveloo, Thanusha Puvananayagam, Jeanine Albu, Grace L. Lu-Yao

Maya Vadiveloo

PURPOSE: Epidemiologic studies suggest that insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is associated with obesity and, more recently, cancer. This study investigates multiple lifestyle, physiologic, and anthropometric determinants of circulating IGF-1 concentrations.
METHODS: Nationally representative data were used from the cross-sectional Third National Health and Nutrition Examination (NHANES III, 1988–1994) survey, which measured IGF-1 concentrations in blood, from a subsample of participants who were examined in the morning. After exclusion of persons with missing data, 6,058 men and women 20 years of age or older were included in the study.
RESULTS: The mean IGF-1 concentrations were 260 ng/mL in ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress