Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Food Science Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

11,833 Full-Text Articles 26,847 Authors 5,331,737 Downloads 209 Institutions

All Articles in Food Science

Faceted Search

11,833 full-text articles. Page 7 of 478.

Analysis Of The Potential Of Rice And Corn In Supporting Food Availability, Luh Pastiniasih, Ketut Sumantra, Ni Putu Pandawani, Putu Edi Yastika 2023 Master of Regional and Rural Planning Study Program, Universitas Mahasaraswati, Denpasar, Jl. Kamboja 11 A Denpasar 80233, Bali, Indonesia

Analysis Of The Potential Of Rice And Corn In Supporting Food Availability, Luh Pastiniasih, Ketut Sumantra, Ni Putu Pandawani, Putu Edi Yastika

The Philippine Agricultural Scientist

A region’s agricultural sector plays a strategic role in fulfilling its food needs with ideal nutrition. The potential of cereal commodities, specifically rice and corn, was identified based on the production level and competitiveness by district in Buleleng Regency, Indonesia. The regency’s potential to provide and support food security was also determined through a quantitative descriptive analysis of the Location Quotient (LQ), Shift Share Analysis (SSA), Localization Coefficients, and Levels of Food Availability by utilizing secondary data on cereal commodity production and population numbers over the course of 10 yr (2012–2021). Results showed that Sawan, Seririt, and Sukasada districts were …


Solar Cooking Solutions For Haiti, Isaac Mergner 2023 University of Arkansas-Fayetteville

Solar Cooking Solutions For Haiti, Isaac Mergner

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study focuses on enhancing the efficiency of solar cooking through the use of solar cookers and heat retention boxes. The research involved testing various cooking vessels and lids in a solar cooking experiment, with a specific focus on the performance of different materials and their heat retention capabilities. The experiment aimed to increase the efficiency of solar cookers, which are popular in developing nations due to their relatively low cost. The findings indicate that the combination of a solar cooker and a heat retention box can significantly improve the cooking process, particularly in areas with limited access to cooking …


Enhancing Efficiency Of The Nutrition Education For Utah Refugees, Habiba Ali Nur 2023 Utah State University

Enhancing Efficiency Of The Nutrition Education For Utah Refugees, Habiba Ali Nur

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations, Fall 2023 to Present

Refugees face many challenges related to obtaining and preparing adequate and culturally acceptable and desirable foods in their resettlement communities. These challenges often lead to risk of food insecurity and chronic diseases. A review of literature identified the existing delivery strategies and highlighted the need for nutrition education tailored to the refugees’ conditions. This study identified some of the barriers that refugees face, including the English language, transportation, finding items in grocery stores, availability of ingredients and equipment needed for cooking, affordability of food and budgeting. It also highlighted participants’ preference for having nutrition education.

To overcome these challenges, the …


Understanding The Pizza Baking Properties Of Low Moisture Part Skim (Lmps) Mozzarella Cheese, Anjali Verma 2023 Utah State University

Understanding The Pizza Baking Properties Of Low Moisture Part Skim (Lmps) Mozzarella Cheese, Anjali Verma

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations, Fall 2023 to Present

Mozzarella cheese is expected to melt, stretch, release free oil and exhibit browning and blistering when baked on pizza. This research aimed to investigate the effects of different starter cultures (based on lactose and galactose utilizing ability) and calcium levels on the functionality of Mozzarella cheese when baked on pizza. Four combinations of starter cultures using S. thermophilus (STI 06)-control, Lac+ Gal+ L. helveticus (LH 32), and Lac- Gal+ adjunct culture L. helveticus (LH 7995) were used to make the cheese samples. Various tests were conducted over a seven-week period to evaluate their baking properties. The …


Impact Of Moisture Content And Composition On Flow Properties Of Dairy Powders, Katelynn Palmer 2023 Utah State University

Impact Of Moisture Content And Composition On Flow Properties Of Dairy Powders, Katelynn Palmer

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations, Fall 2023 to Present

Milk protein concentrate (MPC) and isolate (MPI), and milk permeate powder (MPP) are functional dairy powder products that are used in food applications worldwide. It is critical that environmental factors and physical powder characteristics during production and storage are controlled. When dairy powders are exposed to non-ideal conditions (high moisture, varying temperatures,) they can quickly become very sticky, and clumpy. When powders become sticky, their ability to easily flow is reduced. As a result, processing and storing the powders effectively and sustainably becomes very difficult.

In the first study, an analysis method was created to test the general flow behavior …


Investigation Of Physicochemical Properties, Nutritional Status, And Volatile Compounds Profiling Of Four Underutilized Spices Of Cameroon Origin, Stève Djiazet, Digambar Kavitake, Ramasamy Ravi, Laurette B. Mezajoug Kenfack, Ragu Pullakhandam, Bethala L.A. Prabhavathi Devi, Clergé Tchiégang, G. Bhanuprakash Reddy, Prathapkumar Halady Shetty 2023 Pondicherry University

Investigation Of Physicochemical Properties, Nutritional Status, And Volatile Compounds Profiling Of Four Underutilized Spices Of Cameroon Origin, Stève Djiazet, Digambar Kavitake, Ramasamy Ravi, Laurette B. Mezajoug Kenfack, Ragu Pullakhandam, Bethala L.A. Prabhavathi Devi, Clergé Tchiégang, G. Bhanuprakash Reddy, Prathapkumar Halady Shetty

Agricultural and Environmental Sciences Faculty Research

In this study, four underutilized spices (fruit and ulb of Aframomum sulcatum, fruit of Xylopia africana, and bark of Hypodaphnis zenkeri) were analyzed for their physical properties, nutrients composition, and profile of volatile compounds using standard analytical methods. The protein, fat, sugar, and dietary fiber contents were analyzed. The spices were revealed to be a good source of essential amino acids and fatty acids including pentadecanoic acid. Several minerals (Mn, Mg, Ca, Fe, and K) of nutritional importance were found at various proportions. Electronic nose analysis revealed the presence of fifty-six different compounds, belonging to ten major classes (phenylpropenes, acids, …


The Evaluation Of Feed Additives On Reducing Enteric Methane Production From Cattle, Reba L. Colin 2023 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Evaluation Of Feed Additives On Reducing Enteric Methane Production From Cattle, Reba L. Colin

Department of Animal Science: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Environmental sustainability can be positively impacted by the inclusion of feed additives to reduce enteric methane production from cattle. Methane production can be affected by feed additives that either alter the rumen environment or act as methanogenesis inhibitors. A reduction in methane from cattle can contribute to meeting carbon neutrality.

A metabolism study was conducted to evaluate Alga 1.0, a product containing bromoform, fed to cattle to evaluate the effects on gas emissions. Treatments were (0, 69, or 103 g/d Alga 1.0) fed in a corn-based diet. Headbox-style indirect calorimeters were used to measure gas emissions. Feeding Alga 1.0 linearly …


Developing Disinfection Strategies For Controlling Human Norovirus, Sars-Cov-2, And Clostridioides Difficile Endospores In Long-Term Care Facilities, Jinge Huang 2023 Clemson University

Developing Disinfection Strategies For Controlling Human Norovirus, Sars-Cov-2, And Clostridioides Difficile Endospores In Long-Term Care Facilities, Jinge Huang

All Dissertations

Long-term care facilities (LTCFs) provide an environment favorable for the transmission of three critical human pathogens: human norovirus (HuNoV), severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), and Clostridioides difficile. Given residents in LTCFs are susceptible to infections due to their advanced ages and compromised immune systems, effective environmental surface disinfection plays a crucial role in controlling the spread of human pathogens within these settings and, therefore, mitigates the risk of infections caused by these pathogens. This dissertation aimed to assess the efficacy of various types of disinfectants against two HuNoV surrogates [feline calicivirus (FCV) and Tulane virus (TuV)], two …


Oxalic Acid: A Blooming Organic Acid For Postharvest Quality Preservation Of Fresh Fruit And Vegetables, Mahmood Ul Ul Hasan, Zora Singh, Hafiz Muhammad Shoaib Shah, Jashanpreet Kaur, Andrew Woodward, Eben Afrifa-Yamoah, Aman Ullah Malik 2023 Edith Cowan University

Oxalic Acid: A Blooming Organic Acid For Postharvest Quality Preservation Of Fresh Fruit And Vegetables, Mahmood Ul Ul Hasan, Zora Singh, Hafiz Muhammad Shoaib Shah, Jashanpreet Kaur, Andrew Woodward, Eben Afrifa-Yamoah, Aman Ullah Malik

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Oxalic acid (OA) is a unique organic acid that commonly occurs in plants with distinct functions in modulating metabolic processes. To date, the role of OA has primarily been studied in the deactivation of copper-containing preservatives, detoxification of aluminium toxicity and remediation of organic pollutants. During the last two decades, OA has been considered as an antioxidant compound with focus on its potential to enhance crop yield, improve fruit quality, boost nutritional profile, and delay postharvest senescence in fruit and vegetables. It has been established that pre- and postharvest OA application delays ripening and senescence by down-regulating physiological processes such …


Understanding The Impact Of Physicochemical Modifications On The Cold Gelling Behavior Of Micellar Casein Concentrate Dispersions, Nathan Pougher 2023 Utah State University

Understanding The Impact Of Physicochemical Modifications On The Cold Gelling Behavior Of Micellar Casein Concentrate Dispersions, Nathan Pougher

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations, Fall 2023 to Present

When skim milk is filtered via microfiltration, the amount of casein (one of the major milk proteins) in solution can be concentrated. When casein content is high enough (>15%), the solution forms a gel at cold temperatures. With growing trends in the food industry towards simplistic ingredient labels, commonly used gums and stabilizers in the dairy industry are becoming less preferred. In the future, there is potential for the gelling properties of micellar casein to be applied to dairy products as a thickener or stabilizer, but the mechanism behind gel formation isn’t understood well. In this study, the gel …


Effect Of Different Pre-Growth Temperatures On The Survival Kinetics Of Salmonella Enterica And Listeria Monocytogenes In Fresh-Cut Salad During Refrigerated Storage, Avninder Kaur, Veerachandra K. Yemmireddy 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Effect Of Different Pre-Growth Temperatures On The Survival Kinetics Of Salmonella Enterica And Listeria Monocytogenes In Fresh-Cut Salad During Refrigerated Storage, Avninder Kaur, Veerachandra K. Yemmireddy

School of Earth, Environmental, and Marine Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

The effect of the pre-growth temperature of bacterial cultures on their subsequent survival kinetics in fresh-cut produce during refrigerated storage was investigated in this study. Three-strain cocktails of Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella enterica, cultured at different growth temperatures (4, 21, and 37 °C) were inoculated on fresh-cut mixed salad and on individual produce in the mixed salad. The inoculated samples were stored at 4 °C and 80 ± 2% relative humidity (RH) for up to 72 h and the growth, survival, or death kinetics were determined at regular intervals. The results indicate that depending upon the type of pathogen tested, …


Effect Of Different Pre-Growth Temperatures On The Survival Kinetics Of Salmonella Enterica And Listeria Monocytogenes In Fresh-Cut Salad During Refrigerated Storage, Avninder Kaur, Veerachandra K. Yemmireddy 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Effect Of Different Pre-Growth Temperatures On The Survival Kinetics Of Salmonella Enterica And Listeria Monocytogenes In Fresh-Cut Salad During Refrigerated Storage, Avninder Kaur, Veerachandra K. Yemmireddy

School of Earth, Environmental, and Marine Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

The effect of the pre-growth temperature of bacterial cultures on their subsequent survival kinetics in fresh-cut produce during refrigerated storage was investigated in this study. Three-strain cocktails of Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella enterica, cultured at different growth temperatures (4, 21, and 37 °C) were inoculated on fresh-cut mixed salad and on individual produce in the mixed salad. The inoculated samples were stored at 4 °C and 80 ± 2% relative humidity (RH) for up to 72 h and the growth, survival, or death kinetics were determined at regular intervals. The results indicate that depending upon the type of pathogen …


Exploring Pathways To Food Science Careers In Southern California: A Case Study In Food Science Career Development, Jeremy L. Hsu, Sarah Ahles, Lilian W. Senger, Anuradha Prakash 2023 Chapman University

Exploring Pathways To Food Science Careers In Southern California: A Case Study In Food Science Career Development, Jeremy L. Hsu, Sarah Ahles, Lilian W. Senger, Anuradha Prakash

Food Science Faculty Articles and Research

Southern California is a diverse region that is home to a high concentration of food science companies, with an increasing demand for additional food scientists and technologists to join this workforce. Despite this abundance of food science companies and the high demand for jobs, there is currently a shortage in the number of qualified food scientists and technologists in the region. This shortage is also observed within higher education, with declining enrollments in the food science graduate and undergraduate programs across Southern California. Here, we conduct a case study to explore the factors that influence students from Southern California to …


Detection And Control Of Environmentally Transmissible Viruses, Anand R. Soorneedi 2023 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Detection And Control Of Environmentally Transmissible Viruses, Anand R. Soorneedi

Doctoral Dissertations

Viruses, owing to their ubiquitous nature and ability to infect almost every other species, have long been a subject of interest for scientists. Some of the virus species can be very deadly to humans and animals alike and can impose a huge economic and health burden across the world. The recent CoVID-19 pandemic underscores the importance of timely detection for developing effective intervention strategies. Unfortunately, some of the virus species that cause significant health and economic impacts do not have robust and reliable detection methods due to several reasons. In some cases, despite having gold standard methods for detection of …


Understanding And Developing Safer Sanitation Agents And Strategies In Food Production Environments, Pragathi Kamarasu 2023 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Understanding And Developing Safer Sanitation Agents And Strategies In Food Production Environments, Pragathi Kamarasu

Doctoral Dissertations

Food is a primary resource for survival of human beings, and it is also one of the primary resources for spread of infectious diseases. When both these factors come together it does not only cause ill effects on our health but also causes a burden on the food and agricultural industry. Through the help of science, us researchers and scientists have always tried to reduce this burden. And I hope like a drop of water in the ocean in some way my research contributes towards this. According to WHO currently in 2023 there are about 1 in 10 people falling …


Conventional Solid-State Fermentation Impacts The White Lupin Proteome Reducing The Abundance Of Allergenic Peptides, Arineh Tahmasian, Roger Drew, James A, Broadbent, Angéla Juhász, Mitchell Nye-Wood, Michelle L. Colgrave 2023 Edith Cowan University

Conventional Solid-State Fermentation Impacts The White Lupin Proteome Reducing The Abundance Of Allergenic Peptides, Arineh Tahmasian, Roger Drew, James A, Broadbent, Angéla Juhász, Mitchell Nye-Wood, Michelle L. Colgrave

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

The demand for high-quality and sustainable protein sources is on the rise. Lupin is an emerging plant-based source of protein with health-enhancing properties; however, the allergenic potential of lupins limits their widespread adoption in food products. A combination of discovery and targeted quantitative proteome measurements was used to investigate the impact of solid-state fermentation induced by Rhizopus oligosporus on the proteome composition and allergenic protein abundances of white lupin seed. In total, 1,241 proteins were uniquely identified in the fermented sample. Moreover, the effectiveness of the solid-state fermentation in reducing the abundance of the tryptic peptides derived from white lupin …


Analysis Of Antioxidant Synergism And Its Mechanisms In Different Food Systems, Ipek Bayram 2023 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Analysis Of Antioxidant Synergism And Its Mechanisms In Different Food Systems, Ipek Bayram

Doctoral Dissertations

Lipid oxidation results in off-flavors, toxic aldehydes, and co-oxidation of proteins and color compounds. Combining antioxidants to achieve synergistic interactions has been practiced for decades to improve oxidative stability. Nevertheless, synergism mechanisms have been poorly understood and rarely studied. This dissertation examines the mechanisms of antioxidant synergism in a model system with α-tocopherol (α-TOC) and myricetin (MYR). The interactions between α-tocopherol and taxifolin (TAX) were also tested because it has structural similarities to myricetin but has a higher redox potential. The first part of this research focused on the antioxidant interactions between α-tocopherol and myricetin in stripped soybean oil-in-water emulsions …


Evaluating The Potential Of Ozone Microbubbles For Inactivation Of Tulane Virus, A Human Norovirus Surrogate, bozhong guan 2023 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Evaluating The Potential Of Ozone Microbubbles For Inactivation Of Tulane Virus, A Human Norovirus Surrogate, Bozhong Guan

Masters Theses

Microbubbles are small gas-filled bubbles with diameters ranging from 50 to 1 μm, and less than 200 nm are called nanobubbles. Their small sizes and large specific surface area result in a high gas dissolution rate and long lifetime in liquid. Ozone is a strong oxidant that destroys microorganisms and only produces oxygen as the final by-product in fresh water. However, due to the poor stability of aqueous ozone, critical gas waste happens during treatments which leads to a high economic loss. Microbubbles have shown promising enhancement of ozone treatment. In previous studies, ozone microbubbles exhibited excellent efficacy in the …


Impact Of Fermented And Non-Fermented Plant-Based Foods Supplementation On Gut Microbiota And Metabolites In C57bl/6j Mice, Priya Darshan Gandhi 2023 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Impact Of Fermented And Non-Fermented Plant-Based Foods Supplementation On Gut Microbiota And Metabolites In C57bl/6j Mice, Priya Darshan Gandhi

Masters Theses

Plant-based proteins have gained popularity because of their high nutritional value and more sustainable alternative to animal-based proteins. Soybean and chickpea are two widely consumed plant-based proteins, whereas tempeh is a popular plant-based fermented whole food product that is rich in protein. With the increase in the development of plant-based food products, there is little research into how plant proteins affect gut microbiota characteristics and metabolites. Therefore, there is a need to understand the underlying mechanisms surrounding the consumption of these foods. The purpose of this study was to investigate the health benefits of soybean, chickpea, and their tempeh counterparts’ …


Sucrose Concentration And Fermentation Temperature Impact The Sensory Characteristics And Liking Of Kombucha, Gil Cohen 2023 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Sucrose Concentration And Fermentation Temperature Impact The Sensory Characteristics And Liking Of Kombucha, Gil Cohen

Masters Theses

Kombucha is a fermented tea beverage consumed for its probiotics and functional properties and has a unique sensory profile driven by the properties of tea polyphenols and fermentation products, including organic acids. Fermentation temperature and sucrose content affect the fermentation process and the production of organic acids, yet less is known about the impact on the sensory profile and consumer acceptance. Thus, we aim to examine the impact of sucrose concentration and fermentation temperature on sensory attributes and liking. For this study, kombucha tea was fermented at three different concentrations of sucrose and fermented at two temperatures for 11 days. …


Digital Commons powered by bepress