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7,158 full-text articles. Page 9 of 253.

Physico-Chemical And Adsorption Properties Of Activated Adsorbents Obtained On The Basis Of Wood Stems, Rakhimjon Paygamov, Izzat Eshmetov, Shakhnoza Kuldasheva, Hamdam Akbarov, Feruza Jurayeva 2020 Institute of general and inorganic chemistry of Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Physico-Chemical And Adsorption Properties Of Activated Adsorbents Obtained On The Basis Of Wood Stems, Rakhimjon Paygamov, Izzat Eshmetov, Shakhnoza Kuldasheva, Hamdam Akbarov, Feruza Jurayeva

Bulletin of National University of Uzbekistan: Mathematics and Natural Sciences

As a result of the investigations, the adsorbents of activated coal at different temperatures and with water vapor were extracted from plane-tree, ash-tree, Cherry, Apricot, nut stems were received and their physico-chemical and adsorption properties were determined. The results have shown that the adsorption efficiency and adsorption properties of the plane-tree adsorbents are significantly higher than those of other trees. It can be seen that heating the resulting coal adsorbents from 400 to 800°, that is, thermal activation, almost has double their pore volume. The adsorption properties of adsorbents were determined in the following orders, for thermally activated coals at ...


Differentiation Of Membrane Active Crown Ethers On The Multilamellar Layers, Ulugbek Mirkhodjaev, Oleg Yarishkin, Umida Sharafutdinova, Uktam Toyirov, Nafisa Atamuratova, Anisa Tashmukhamedova, Bekdjan Tashmukhamedov 2020 National University of Uzbekistan

Differentiation Of Membrane Active Crown Ethers On The Multilamellar Layers, Ulugbek Mirkhodjaev, Oleg Yarishkin, Umida Sharafutdinova, Uktam Toyirov, Nafisa Atamuratova, Anisa Tashmukhamedova, Bekdjan Tashmukhamedov

Bulletin of National University of Uzbekistan: Mathematics and Natural Sciences

Investigation of the interaction of crown ethers, which are have different structure and mechanism of membrane action, with multilamellar dispersions makes it possible to establish a difference in their effect on the rearrangement of the initial structure of lipid bilayers. Investigation of the restructuring of lipid bilayers during interaction of complexons, ionophores and channel-formers with a membrane allows obtaining important information on the mechanisms of transmembrane ion transport.


Indoline‐6‐Sulfonamide Inhibitors Of The Bacterial Enzyme Dape, Cory T. Reidl, Tahirah K. Heath, Iman Darwish, Rachel M. Torrez, Maxwell Moore, Elliot Gild, Boguslaw P. Nocek, Anna Starus, Richard C. Holz, Daniel P. Becker Ph.D. 2020 Loyola University Chicago

Indoline‐6‐Sulfonamide Inhibitors Of The Bacterial Enzyme Dape, Cory T. Reidl, Tahirah K. Heath, Iman Darwish, Rachel M. Torrez, Maxwell Moore, Elliot Gild, Boguslaw P. Nocek, Anna Starus, Richard C. Holz, Daniel P. Becker Ph.D.

Chemistry: Faculty Publications and Other Works

Inhibitors of the bacterial enzyme dapE-encoded N-succinyl-l,l-diaminopimelic acid desuccinylase (DapE; EC 3.5.1.18) hold promise as antibiotics with a new mechanism of action. Herein we describe the discovery of a new series of indoline sulfonamide DapE inhibitors from a high-throughput screen and the synthesis of a series of analogs. Inhibitory potency was measured by a ninhydrin-based DapE assay recently developed by our group. Molecular docking experiments suggest active site binding with the sulfonamide acting as a zinc-binding group (ZBG).


Rethinking Fda Regulation Of Complex Products, Philip E. Alford 2020 University of Minnesota Law School

Rethinking Fda Regulation Of Complex Products, Philip E. Alford

Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology

No abstract provided.


Large Domains Of Heterochromatin Direct The Formation Of Short Mitotic Chromosome Loops, Maximilian H. Fitz-James, Pin Tong, Alison L. Pidoux, Hakan Ozadam, Liyan Yang, Sharon A. White, Job Dekker, Robin C. Allshire 2020 University of Edinburgh

Large Domains Of Heterochromatin Direct The Formation Of Short Mitotic Chromosome Loops, Maximilian H. Fitz-James, Pin Tong, Alison L. Pidoux, Hakan Ozadam, Liyan Yang, Sharon A. White, Job Dekker, Robin C. Allshire

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

During mitosis chromosomes reorganise into highly compact, rod-shaped forms, thought to consist of consecutive chromatin loops around a central protein scaffold. Condensin complexes are involved in chromatin compaction, but the contribution of other chromatin proteins, DNA sequence and histone modifications is less understood. A large region of fission yeast DNA inserted into a mouse chromosome was previously observed to adopt a mitotic organisation distinct from that of surrounding mouse DNA. Here, we show that a similar distinct structure is common to a large subset of insertion events in both mouse and human cells and is coincident with the presence of ...


Estimating Partial Body Ionizing Radiation Exposure By Automated Cytogenetic Biodosimetry, Peter Rogan 2020 The University of Western Ontario

Estimating Partial Body Ionizing Radiation Exposure By Automated Cytogenetic Biodosimetry, Peter Rogan

Biochemistry Publications

Purpose: Inhomogeneous exposures to ionizing radiation can be detected and quantified with the Dicentric Chromosome Assay (DCA) of metaphase cells. Complete automation of interpretation of the DCA for whole body irradiation has significantly improved throughput without compromising accuracy, however low levels of residual false positive dicentric chromosomes (DCs) have confounded its application for partial body exposure determination.

Materials and Methods: We describe a method of estimating and correcting for false positive DCs in digitally processed images of metaphase cells. Nearly all DCs detected in unirradiated calibration samples are introduced by digital image processing. DC frequencies of irradiated calibration samples and ...


Electronic-Cigarette Vehicles And Flavoring Affect Lung Function And Immune Responses In A Murine Model, Brittany N. Szafran, Rakeysha Pinkston, Zakia Perveen, Matthew K. Ross, Timothy Morgan, Daniel B. Paulsen, Arthur L. Penn, Barbara L. F. Kaplan, Alexandra Noel 2020 Mississippi State Univ, Coll Vet Med, Dept Basic Sci, Ctr Environm Hlth Sci, Mississippi State, MS

Electronic-Cigarette Vehicles And Flavoring Affect Lung Function And Immune Responses In A Murine Model, Brittany N. Szafran, Rakeysha Pinkston, Zakia Perveen, Matthew K. Ross, Timothy Morgan, Daniel B. Paulsen, Arthur L. Penn, Barbara L. F. Kaplan, Alexandra Noel

Faculty Publications

The use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), also known as electronic-cigarettes (e-cigs), has raised serious public health concerns, especially in light of the 2019 outbreak of e-cig or vaping product use-associated acute lung injury (EVALI). While these cases have mostly been linked to ENDS that contain vitamin E acetate, there is limited research that has focused on the chronic pulmonary effects of the delivery vehicles (i.e., without nicotine and flavoring). Thus, we investigated lung function and immune responses in a mouse model following exposure to the nearly ubiquitous e-cig delivery vehicles, vegetable glycerin (VG) and propylene glycol (PG ...


Genome Scan Detection Of Selective Sweeps Among Biotypes Of The Soybean Aphid, Aphis Glycines, With Differing Virulence To Resistance To A. Glycines (Rag) Traits In Soybean, Glycine Max, Brad S. Coates, Jessica D. Hohenstein, Rosanna Giordano, Ravi Kiran Donthu, Andrew P. Michel, Erin W. Hodgson, Matthew E. O'Neal 2020 U.S. Department of Agriculture

Genome Scan Detection Of Selective Sweeps Among Biotypes Of The Soybean Aphid, Aphis Glycines, With Differing Virulence To Resistance To A. Glycines (Rag) Traits In Soybean, Glycine Max, Brad S. Coates, Jessica D. Hohenstein, Rosanna Giordano, Ravi Kiran Donthu, Andrew P. Michel, Erin W. Hodgson, Matthew E. O'Neal

Entomology Publications

Multiple biotypes of soybean aphid, Aphis glycines, occur in North America adapted for survival (virulence) on soybean, Glycine max, with one or more different resistance to A. glycines (Rag) traits. The degree of genome-wide variance between biotypes and the basis of virulence remains unknown, but the latter is hypothesized to involve secreted effector proteins. Between 167,249 and 217,750 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were predicted from whole genome re-sequencing of A. glycines avirulent biotype 1 (B1) and virulent B2, B3 and B4 colony-derived iso-female lines when compared to the draft B1 genome assembly, Ag_bt1_v6.0. Differences in nucleotide diversity ...


The Bromodomains Of The Mammalian Swi/Snf (Mswi/Snf) Atpases Brahma (Brm) And Brahma Related Gene 1 (Brg1) Promote Chromatin Interaction And Are Critical For Skeletal Muscle Differentiation [Preprint], Anthony N. Imbalzano, Hanna Witwicka, Tapan Sharma 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Bromodomains Of The Mammalian Swi/Snf (Mswi/Snf) Atpases Brahma (Brm) And Brahma Related Gene 1 (Brg1) Promote Chromatin Interaction And Are Critical For Skeletal Muscle Differentiation [Preprint], Anthony N. Imbalzano, Hanna Witwicka, Tapan Sharma

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Skeletal muscle differentiation induces changes in the epigenome of myoblasts as they proceed towards a myogenic phenotype. mSWI/SNF chromatin remodeling enzymes coordinate with lineage-determining transcription factors and are key regulators of differentiation. Three mSWI/SNF proteins, the mutually exclusive ATPases, BRG1 and BRM, and the BAF180 protein (Polybromo1, PBRM1) contain bromodomains belonging to the same structural subfamily. Bromodomains bind to acetylated lysines on histone N-terminal tails and on other proteins. Pharmacological inhibition of mSWI/SNF bromodomain function using the selective inhibitor PFI-3 reduced differentiation, decreased expression of myogenic genes, and increased the expression of cell cycle-related genes and the ...


Small Molecule Synthetic Carbohydrate Receptors, Marcelo F. Bravo Carranco 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Small Molecule Synthetic Carbohydrate Receptors, Marcelo F. Bravo Carranco

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Carbohydrate – receptor interactions are often involved in the attachment of viruses to host cells, and this docking is a necessary step in the virus life cycle that precedes infection and, ultimately, replication. Despite the conserved structures of the glycans involved in docking, they are still considered “undruggable”, meaning these glycans are beyond the scope of conventional pharmacological strategies. Recent advances in the development of synthetic carbohydrate receptors (SCRs) – small molecules that bind carbohydrates – could bring carbohydrate-receptor interactions within the purview of druggable targets. Here we discuss the role of carbohydrate-receptor interactions in viral infection, the evolution of SCRs, and recent ...


Machine Learning Applications For Drug Repurposing, Hansaim Lim 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Machine Learning Applications For Drug Repurposing, Hansaim Lim

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The cost of bringing a drug to market is astounding and the failure rate is intimidating. Drug discovery has been of limited success under the conventional reductionist model of one-drug-one-gene-one-disease paradigm, where a single disease-associated gene is identified and a molecular binder to the specific target is subsequently designed. Under the simplistic paradigm of drug discovery, a drug molecule is assumed to interact only with the intended on-target. However, small molecular drugs often interact with multiple targets, and those off-target interactions are not considered under the conventional paradigm. As a result, drug-induced side effects and adverse reactions are often neglected ...


Pressure Driven Desalination Utilizing Nanomaterials, Fangyou Xie 2020 calpoly san luis obispo

Pressure Driven Desalination Utilizing Nanomaterials, Fangyou Xie

Master's Theses

Nanomaterials such as graphene oxide and carbon nanotubes, have demonstrated excellent properties for membrane desalination, including decrease of maintenance, increase of flux rate, simple solution casting, and impressive chemical inertness. Here, two projects are studied to investigate nanocarbon based membrane desalination. The first project is to prepare hybrid membranes with amyloid fibrils intercalated with graphene oxide sheets. The addition of protein amyloid fibrils expands the interlayer spacing between graphene oxide nanosheets and introduces additional functional groups in the diffusion pathways, resulting in increase of flux rate and rejection rate for the organic dyes. Amyloid fibrils also provide structural assistance to ...


Capsaicin Is A Negative Allosteric Modulator Of The 5-Ht3 Receptor, Eslam El Nebrisi, Tatiana Prytkova, Dietrich Ernst Lorke, Luke Howarth, Asma Hassan Alzaabi, Keun-Hang Susan Yang, Frank Christopher Howarth, Murat Oz 2020 UAE University

Capsaicin Is A Negative Allosteric Modulator Of The 5-Ht3 Receptor, Eslam El Nebrisi, Tatiana Prytkova, Dietrich Ernst Lorke, Luke Howarth, Asma Hassan Alzaabi, Keun-Hang Susan Yang, Frank Christopher Howarth, Murat Oz

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

In this study, effects of capsaicin, an active ingredient of the capsicum plant, were investigated on human 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 (5-HT3) receptors. Capsaicin reversibly inhibited serotonin (5-HT)-induced currents recorded by two-electrode voltage clamp method in Xenopus oocytes. The inhibition was time- and concentration-dependent with an IC50 = 62 μM. The effect of capsaicin was not altered in the presence of capsazepine, and by intracellular BAPTA injections or trans-membrane potential changes. In radio-ligand binding studies, capsaicin did not change the specific binding of the 5-HT3 antagonist [3H]GR65630, indicating that it is a noncompetitive inhibitor of 5-HT ...


Ribosome Inhibition By C9orf72-Als/Ftd-Associated Poly-Pr And Poly-Gr Proteins Revealed By Cryo-Em [Preprint], Anna B. Loveland, Egor Svidritskiy, Denis Susorov, Soojin Lee, Alexander Park, Gabriel Demo, Fen-Biao Gao, Andrei A. Korostelev 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Ribosome Inhibition By C9orf72-Als/Ftd-Associated Poly-Pr And Poly-Gr Proteins Revealed By Cryo-Em [Preprint], Anna B. Loveland, Egor Svidritskiy, Denis Susorov, Soojin Lee, Alexander Park, Gabriel Demo, Fen-Biao Gao, Andrei A. Korostelev

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Toxic dipeptide repeat (DPR) proteins are produced from expanded G4C2 hexanucleotide repeats in the C9ORF72 gene, which cause amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Two DPR proteins, poly-PR and poly-GR, repress cellular translation but the molecular mechanism remains unknown. Here we show that poly-PR and poly-GR of ≥ 20 repeats inhibit the ribosome’s peptidyl-transferase activity at nanomolar concentrations, comparable to specific translation inhibitors. High-resolution cryo-EM structures reveal that poly-PR and poly-GR block the polypeptide tunnel of the ribosome, extending into the peptidyl-transferase center. Consistent with these findings, the macrolide erythromycin, which binds in the tunnel ...


Investigating Photosynthetic Stability: Relation Between Thylakoid Lipid Content And The Stability Of The Cytochrome B6f Complex, Marina Mehling 2020 Purdue University

Investigating Photosynthetic Stability: Relation Between Thylakoid Lipid Content And The Stability Of The Cytochrome B6f Complex, Marina Mehling

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

The cytochrome b6f complex is an enzyme found in plants, cyanobacteria, and green algae that catalyzes the transport of electrons in the rate-limiting step of oxygenic photosynthesis. This dimeric complex has an extensive lipid architecture that is primarily composed of five distinct lipid classes: monogalactosyl diacylglycerol (MGDG), digalactosyl diacylglycerol (DGDG), phosphatidyl glycerol (PG), monoglucosyl diacylglycerol (GlcDG), and sulfoquinovosyl diacylglycerol (SQDG). While these lipid classes have been identified, their precise role in the function of the cytochrome complex are only beginning to be understood. Mechanisms describing the relation between thylakoid lipid content on the stability of the b6 ...


Aerosol Mass And Optical Properties, Smoke Influence On O3, And High No3 Production Rates In A Western U.S. City Impacted By Wildfires, Vanessa Selimovic, Robert J. Yokelson, Gavin R. McMeeking, Sarah Coefield 2020 University of Montana

Aerosol Mass And Optical Properties, Smoke Influence On O3, And High No3 Production Rates In A Western U.S. City Impacted By Wildfires, Vanessa Selimovic, Robert J. Yokelson, Gavin R. Mcmeeking, Sarah Coefield

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Evaluating our understanding of smoke from wild and prescribed fires can benefit from downwind measurements that include inert tracers to test production and transport and reactive species to test chemical mechanisms. We characterized smoke from fires in coniferous forest fuels for >1,000 hr over two summers (2017 and 2018) at our Missoula, Montana, surface station and found a narrow range for key properties. ΔPM2.5/ΔCO was 0.1070 ± 0.0278 (g/g) or about half the age-independent ratios obtained at free troposphere elevations (0.2348 ± 0.0326). The average absorption Ångström exponent across both years was 1.84 ...


Genome-Wide Mapping Of Human Dna Replication By Optical Replication Mapping Supports A Stochastic Model Of Eukaryotic Replication Timing [Preprint], Weitao Wang, Kyle Klein, Karel Proesmans, Northwestern University, Claire Marchal, Xiaopeng Zhu, Tyler M. Borrman, Alex Hastie, Zhiping Weng, Simon Fraser University, Paris Sciences et Lettres University, Florida State University, Nicholas R. Rhind 2020 Paris Sciences et Lettres University

Genome-Wide Mapping Of Human Dna Replication By Optical Replication Mapping Supports A Stochastic Model Of Eukaryotic Replication Timing [Preprint], Weitao Wang, Kyle Klein, Karel Proesmans, Northwestern University, Claire Marchal, Xiaopeng Zhu, Tyler M. Borrman, Alex Hastie, Zhiping Weng, Simon Fraser University, Paris Sciences Et Lettres University, Florida State University, Nicholas R. Rhind

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

DNA replication is regulated by the location and timing of replication initiation. Therefore, much effort has been invested in identifying and analyzing the sites of human replication initiation. However, the heterogeneous nature of eukaryotic replication kinetics and the low efficiency of individual initiation site utilization in metazoans has made mapping the location and timing of replication initiation in human cells difficult. A potential solution to the problem of human replication mapping is single-molecule analysis. However, current approaches do not provide the throughput required for genome-wide experiments. To address this challenge, we have developed Optical Replication Mapping (ORM), a high-throughput single-molecule ...


A Cross-Reactive Human Iga Monoclonal Antibody Blocks Sars-Cov-2 Spike-Ace2 Interaction, Ejemel Monir, Qi Li, Shurong Hou, Zachary Schiller, Aaron Wallace, Alla Amcheslavsky, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Jacqueline R. Toomey, Ryan Schneider, Anudeep S. Ramchetty, Chandrashekar Ganesa, Lisa Cavacini, Mark S. Klempner, Celia A. Schiffer, Yan Wang 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Cross-Reactive Human Iga Monoclonal Antibody Blocks Sars-Cov-2 Spike-Ace2 Interaction, Ejemel Monir, Qi Li, Shurong Hou, Zachary Schiller, Aaron Wallace, Alla Amcheslavsky, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Jacqueline R. Toomey, Ryan Schneider, Anudeep S. Ramchetty, Chandrashekar Ganesa, Lisa Cavacini, Mark S. Klempner, Celia A. Schiffer, Yan Wang

COVID-19 Publications by UMMS Authors

COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 has become a global pandemic requiring the development of interventions for the prevention or treatment to curtail mortality and morbidity. No vaccine to boost mucosal immunity, or as a therapeutic, has yet been developed to SARS-CoV-2. In this study, we discover and characterize a cross-reactive human IgA monoclonal antibody, MAb362. MAb362 binds to both SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2 spike proteins and competitively blocks ACE2 receptor binding, by overlapping the ACE2 structural binding epitope. Furthermore, MAb362 IgA neutralizes both pseudotyped SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2 in 293 cells expressing ACE2. When converted to secretory IgA, MAb326 also neutralizes authentic SARS-CoV-2 ...


The Chemical Structure And Phosphorothioate Content Of Hydrophobically Modified Sirnas Impact Extrahepatic Distribution And Efficacy, Annabelle Biscans, Jillian Caiazzi, Sarah M. Davis, Nicholas McHugh, Jacquelyn Sousa, Anastasia Khvorova 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Chemical Structure And Phosphorothioate Content Of Hydrophobically Modified Sirnas Impact Extrahepatic Distribution And Efficacy, Annabelle Biscans, Jillian Caiazzi, Sarah M. Davis, Nicholas Mchugh, Jacquelyn Sousa, Anastasia Khvorova

Open Access Publications by UMMS Authors

Small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) have revolutionized the treatment of liver diseases. However, robust siRNA delivery to other tissues represents a major technological need. Conjugating lipids (e.g. docosanoic acid, DCA) to siRNA supports extrahepatic delivery, but tissue accumulation and gene silencing efficacy are lower than that achieved in liver by clinical-stage compounds. The chemical structure of conjugated siRNA may significantly impact invivo efficacy, particularly in tissues with lower compound accumulation. Here, we report the first systematic evaluation of the impact of siRNA scaffold-i.e. structure, phosphorothioate (PS) content, linker composition-on DCA-conjugated siRNA delivery and efficacy in vivo. We found that ...


Modulation Of Escherichia Coli Translation By The Specific Inactivation Of TrnaGly Under Oxidative Stress, Lorenzo Eugenio Leiva, Andrea Pincheira, Sara Elgamal, Sandra D. Kienast, Verónica Bravo, Johannes Leufken, Daniela Gutiérrez, Sebastian A. Leidel, Michael Ibba, Assaf Katz 2020 Universidad de Chile

Modulation Of Escherichia Coli Translation By The Specific Inactivation Of TrnaGly Under Oxidative Stress, Lorenzo Eugenio Leiva, Andrea Pincheira, Sara Elgamal, Sandra D. Kienast, Verónica Bravo, Johannes Leufken, Daniela Gutiérrez, Sebastian A. Leidel, Michael Ibba, Assaf Katz

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

Bacterial oxidative stress responses are generally controlled by transcription factors that modulate the synthesis of RNAs with the aid of some sRNAs that control the stability, and in some cases the translation, of specific mRNAs. Here, we report that oxidative stress additionally leads to inactivation of tRNAGly in Escherichia coli, inducing a series of physiological changes. The observed inactivation of tRNAGly correlated with altered efficiency of translation of Gly codons, suggesting a possible mechanism of translational control of gene expression under oxidative stress. Changes in translation also depended on the availability of glycine, revealing a mechanism whereby bacteria ...


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