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32,136 full-text articles. Page 6 of 857.

Deciding Sowing-Window For Maize-Based Cropping System In Arid And Semiaridenvironments In Punjab, Pakistan, MUKHTAR AHMED, ATIQUE REHMAN, NAEEM SARWAR, HÜLYA DOĞAN, GHULAM ABBAS, MUHAMMAD AZAM KHAN, MUSTAFA KAN, MUHAMMAD ALI RAZA, SAJJAD HUSSAIN, SHAKEEL AHMAD, ZARTASH FATIMA 2023 TÜBİTAK

Deciding Sowing-Window For Maize-Based Cropping System In Arid And Semiaridenvironments In Punjab, Pakistan, Mukhtar Ahmed, Atique Rehman, Naeem Sarwar, Hülya Doğan, Ghulam Abbas, Muhammad Azam Khan, Mustafa Kan, Muhammad Ali Raza, Sajjad Hussain, Shakeel Ahmad, Zartash Fatima

Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry

Crop growth models can be valuable tools for researchers, academia, extension educators, and policy makers/planners for the evaluation of sustainable and long-term husbandry practices. Determining the optimum sowing window, which can be determined using crop growth models, is imperative under changing climate conditions. Thus, the main objectives herein were to 1) assess the performance of the cropping system model-crop environment resource synthesis-maize model for hybrids and sowing dates in the spring and autumn, and 2) determine the optimum sowing window in 15 districts of Punjab, Pakistan. In the spring experiment, 3 hybrids (P-33M15, M-DK6525, and S-NK8441) were planted in the …


Tree Rings Of Quercus Ilex L. And Their Relationships With Some Wood Anatomical Featuresand Growing Site Conditions In Türkiye, ÜNAL AKKEMİK, HATİCE YILMAZ, ORHAN SEVGİ, HAKAN ÇELİK, OSMAN YALÇIN YILMAZ, ECE SEVGİ, SENA GENÇ, FERDİ AKARSU, ÖZGÜR HÜSEYİN DOĞAN 2023 TÜBİTAK

Tree Rings Of Quercus Ilex L. And Their Relationships With Some Wood Anatomical Featuresand Growing Site Conditions In Türkiye, Ünal Akkemi̇k, Hati̇ce Yilmaz, Orhan Sevgi̇, Hakan Çeli̇k, Osman Yalçin Yilmaz, Ece Sevgi̇, Sena Genç, Ferdi̇ Akarsu, Özgür Hüseyi̇n Doğan

Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry

Quercus ilex (Holm oak) presents itself as trees up to 14–15 m tall in suitable growing site conditions and as shrubs in unsuitable areas. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships between tree-ring widths of Q. ilex and vessel features, tree diameters, climate, and site conditions throughout Türkiye. A total of 1020 cores from 510 trees were collected from 102 sampled sites throughout Türkiye. After using standard dendroclimatology methods, all tree-ring analyses were performed on these chronologies. As a result, tree-ring boundaries were found to be less visible in Türkiye, like in other Mediterranean areas. Mean sensitivity …


Effects Of Sewage Sludge Treatments On Plant Nutrients, Heavy Metals And Tall Fescue(Festuca Arundinacea Schreb.), ALİ RIZA ONGUN, MAHMUT TEPECİK, HÜSEYİN HÜSNÜ KAYIKÇIOĞLU, SEZAİ DELİBACAK, TANAY BİRİŞÇİ, ERDEN AKTAŞ, AYŞE KALAYCI ÖNAÇ, GÖKHAN BALIK 2023 TÜBİTAK

Effects Of Sewage Sludge Treatments On Plant Nutrients, Heavy Metals And Tall Fescue(Festuca Arundinacea Schreb.), Ali̇ Riza Ongun, Mahmut Tepeci̇k, Hüseyi̇n Hüsnü Kayikçioğlu, Sezai̇ Deli̇bacak, Tanay Bi̇ri̇şçi̇, Erden Aktaş, Ayşe Kalayci Önaç, Gökhan Balik

Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of anaerobically stabilized sewage sludge (SS) converted into 90% dryness granules at different doses of control, 3% SS, 6% SS, and 9% SS on elemental composition of Festuca arundinacea Schreb. and physicochemical properties of soil. Color measurements were made with the CIE L* a* b* method unit; the highest color (4.10) and the highest coating score (5.7) were calculated for the 6% SS treatment. The highest biomass (9.11 g) was obtained from the 3% SS and the lowest (7.67 g) from the 9% SS dose. Plant height measurements were listed as follows: …


Effects Of Genotype And Nitrogen Topdressing On Rapeseed Seed Yield And Stalkcombustion Properties, MARİNA BRČIĆ, TAJANA KRICKA, ANA POSPISIL, MILAN POSPISIL 2023 TÜBİTAK

Effects Of Genotype And Nitrogen Topdressing On Rapeseed Seed Yield And Stalkcombustion Properties, Mari̇na Brčić, Tajana Kricka, Ana Pospisil, Milan Pospisil

Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry

The objective of this paper was to determine the effects of rapeseed genotype and nitrogen fertilization for dual purposes, i.e., on seed yield for human consumption and on the quantitative and qualitative value of harvested residues as feedstock to produce heat energy. The research was carried out in field trials set up under the agroecological conditions of northwestern Croatia at the University of Zagreb’s Faculty of Agriculture in the vegetation periods of 2012/2013 and 2013/2014. The research included three rapeseed genotypes (conventional hybrid SY Cassidy, cultivar Komando, and semidwarf hybrid PR45D03) and three nitrogen topdressing rates that included the supply …


Exploring The Diverse Applications Of Stigmasterol From Plants: A Comprehensive Review, UMMARA KHAN, FAISAL HAYAT, FAKHARA KHANUM, NAZİR AHMED, MOHAMED ABDİN, DYAAALDİN ABDALMEGEED, NEVA KARATAŞ, ZHİHONG XİN 2023 TÜBİTAK

Exploring The Diverse Applications Of Stigmasterol From Plants: A Comprehensive Review, Ummara Khan, Faisal Hayat, Fakhara Khanum, Nazi̇r Ahmed, Mohamed Abdi̇n, Dyaaaldi̇n Abdalmegeed, Neva Karataş, Zhi̇hong Xi̇n

Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry

Stigmasterol has been studied for its numerous biological effects on various metabolic diseases, but its potential role as a ubiquitous biomolecule in the plant kingdom is still in its infancy. Efficient utilization of stigmasterol’s properties, such as antimicrobial, antioxidant, and self-assembly, is necessary for the food industry to effectively prevent microbial growth in food., in addition, to delaying rancidity by slowing down lipid oxidation. The use of safer alternatives for postharvest disease control, which is pressuring scientists to consider stigmasterol as a potential solution for various food-related issues. This article reviews stigmasterol's functions in the food industry, including its detection, …


Suppression Of Meloidogyne Incognita Race 2 With Some Entomopathogenic Agents, AYŞENUR ASLAN, CENK KESKİN, FATİH DADAŞOĞLU, ELİF TOZLU, ÖNDER ÇALMAŞUR, DİLEK DİNÇER, BEHÇET KEMAL ÇAĞLAR, İBRAHİM HALİL ELEKCİOĞLU 2023 TÜBİTAK

Suppression Of Meloidogyne Incognita Race 2 With Some Entomopathogenic Agents, Ayşenur Aslan, Cenk Keski̇n, Fati̇h Dadaşoğlu, Eli̇f Tozlu, Önder Çalmaşur, Di̇lek Di̇nçer, Behçet Kemal Çağlar, İbrahi̇m Hali̇l Elekci̇oğlu

Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of anaerobically stabilized sewage sludge (SS) converted into 90% dryness granules at different doses of control, 3% SS, 6% SS, and 9% SS on elemental composition of Festuca arundinacea Schreb. and physicochemical properties of soil. Color measurements were made with the CIE L* a* b* method unit; the highest color (4.10) and the highest coating score (5.7) were calculated for the 6% SS treatment. The highest biomass (9.11 g) was obtained from the 3% SS and the lowest (7.67 g) from the 9% SS dose. Plant height measurements were listed as follows: …


Some Physicochemical And Bioactive Features Of Organically Grown Blackberry Fruits(Rubus Fructicosus L.) As Influenced By Postharvest Uv-C And Chitosan Treatments, SEVİL ÜNAL, FERHAN KÜÇÜKBASMACI SABIR, ALİ SABIR 2023 TÜBİTAK

Some Physicochemical And Bioactive Features Of Organically Grown Blackberry Fruits(Rubus Fructicosus L.) As Influenced By Postharvest Uv-C And Chitosan Treatments, Sevi̇l Ünal, Ferhan Küçükbasmaci Sabir, Ali̇ Sabir

Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry

Fresh blackberry fruits have easily perishable tissue and therefore have a very short postharvest storage life, although customers and marketers desire a longer shelf life. The ever-increasing demand of the world population for residue-free functional foods has motivated scientists to investigate environmentally friendly methodologies for the quality extension of perishable products like fresh blackberries. The present study was performed to determine the influences of UV-C treatment and chitosan coating on the extension of postharvest bioactive compounds and the marketable quality of fresh blackberry (Rubus fructicosus L.) fruits. Organically produced ‘Jumbo’ blackberry fruits were sorted into four equal groups for postharvest …


Assessment Of Soil Quality Index For Different Ndvi Ranges In A Watershed, BÜLENT TURGUT, SÜMEYYE GÜLER 2023 TÜBİTAK

Assessment Of Soil Quality Index For Different Ndvi Ranges In A Watershed, Bülent Turgut, Sümeyye Güler

Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry

The aim of this study is to determine the effect of vegetation density on the soil quality index (SQI) in the Godrahav basin, which varies in terms of land use and topographic features. For this purpose, a total of 180 soil samples were taken at depths of 0–20 cm (surface soil) from six ranges of the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) in a typical watershed in Artvin (northeast Türkiye). The SQI was used to evaluate and calculate soil quality in the study area. Topographic features (elevation, slope, and aspect), land use, physical properties of the soil (clay content, silt content, …


Drying Of Mushrooms By Alternative Technologies, ZİNNUR YAĞMUR BUĞDAY, KÜBRA ERTAN, SEMA ZEREN, SERPİL ŞAHİN, SERVET GÜLÜM ŞÜMNÜ 2023 TÜBİTAK

Drying Of Mushrooms By Alternative Technologies, Zi̇nnur Yağmur Buğday, Kübra Ertan, Sema Zeren, Serpi̇l Şahi̇n, Servet Gülüm Şümnü

Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry

This review addresses alternative technologies in edible mushroom drying. Principles of application and the literature are highlighted. The objective is to identify and discuss the potential advantages and drawbacks and to elaborate future applications of electrohydrodynamic, freeze, infrared, and microwave technologies in mushroom drying. The advantages of these alternative technologies can be listed as better quality, improved energy efficiency, and reduced processing time. Each method is promising in adding value to dried mushroom products. On the other hand, replacement of the conventional drying technique requires process optimization practices and feasibility analysis, especially for combined applications.


Determination Of The Phytochemical Contents And Pomological Properties Of Chokeberry(Aronia Melanocarpa L.) Fruit In Different Harvesting Periods, SELMA BOYACI, ŞULE POLAT, NESİBE EBU KAFKAS 2023 TÜBİTAK

Determination Of The Phytochemical Contents And Pomological Properties Of Chokeberry(Aronia Melanocarpa L.) Fruit In Different Harvesting Periods, Selma Boyaci, Şule Polat, Nesi̇be Ebu Kafkas

Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry

This study was conducted to determine some pomological properties and phytochemical contents such as total monomeric anthocyanin, total phenol, antioxidant activity, sugar, and organic acid of the chokeberry cultivars Nero and Viking, which are being cultivated in Türkiye, in 3 different harvest periods (the last week of August, the first week of September, and the second week of September). The highest total monomeric anthocyanin (794.63 mg/100 g), total phenol (5006.60 mgGAE/100 g), and antioxidant activity (79.33%) were obtained in the first harvest period of Nero. Glucose is the main sugar in chokeberry cultivars, and the highest glucose content (6.90%) was …


Bioaccessibility Of Blackthorn (Prunus Spinosa) Beverage Polyphenols: Effect Of Sugar Andcitric Acid Addition, GÜLAY ÖZKAN 2023 TÜBİTAK

Bioaccessibility Of Blackthorn (Prunus Spinosa) Beverage Polyphenols: Effect Of Sugar Andcitric Acid Addition, Gülay Özkan

Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry

The purpose of the current study was to produce a blackthorn-based beverage with improved nutritional value. In this regard, several beverages were formulated using sugar and citric acid. Then, the effects of the different food constituents on the in vitro recovery and antioxidant capacity of the bioactive substances in the formulations were determined. Based on the results, the addition of citric acid or sugar increased the phenolic extractability (297.0 and 299.2 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE)/100 g in blackthorn + citric acid (BC) and blackthorn + sugar (BS), respectively) and antioxidant capacity (750.8 and 821.8 mg trolox equivalent (TE)/100 g …


Effect Of Postharvest Edible Coating Materials On Sugar And Organic Acid Contentof Fresh-Cut Melons Grown With Different Fertilizer Treatments, FIRAT İŞLEK, ŞEYDA ÇAVUŞOĞLU 2023 TÜBİTAK

Effect Of Postharvest Edible Coating Materials On Sugar And Organic Acid Contentof Fresh-Cut Melons Grown With Different Fertilizer Treatments, Firat İşlek, Şeyda Çavuşoğlu

Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry

The demand for convenient and ready-to-eat food has increased, including fresh-cut fruit and vegetables. At the same time, people are also becoming more health-conscious and are aware of the positive impact of healthy food choices on their well-being. Fresh-cut fruit and vegetables are seen as a healthy and convenient option that allows people to meet their nutritional needs without sacrificing their busy lifestyles. This study examines the use of sustainable fertilization practices for growing melons and the application of edible coatings on fresh-cut fruit to preserve their freshness and levels of sugar and organic acids during storage. The cv. ‘Kırkağaç’ …


Energy Crop Yield Simulation And Prediction System Based On Machinelearning Algorithm, JIE ZHANG, ZHIDONG LIU 2023 TÜBİTAK

Energy Crop Yield Simulation And Prediction System Based On Machinelearning Algorithm, Jie Zhang, Zhidong Liu

Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry

The yield of energy crops has been widely questioned by the public, but few researchers have analyzed the yield prediction of these crops, which has greatly limited their distribution and use. Based on this, in this study, a machine learning algorithm was used to design an energy crop yield simulation and prediction system, and this system was used to analyze the yields of four common energy crops. First the factors that affect the yield of energy crops are discussed, and then, the analysis of the machine learning algorithm and its application in the yield prediction of energy crops is presented, …


Exploration Of Agricultural Iot Breeding Tracking Based On A Saliency Visual Targettracking Algorithm, FUZHI WANG, CHANGLIN SONG, DAIJUN JIANG 2023 TÜBİTAK

Exploration Of Agricultural Iot Breeding Tracking Based On A Saliency Visual Targettracking Algorithm, Fuzhi Wang, Changlin Song, Daijun Jiang

Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a development trend in modern industry and life. It can not only reduce the cost of industry and agriculture, but also improve the quality of products and the quality of people’s lives. Therefore, IoT breeding is the embodiment of modern intelligent agriculture. For example, in the estrus detection of beef cattle, the quality of video images when tracking beef cattle is reduced due to changes in external climate conditions and the difference between daytime and nighttime illumination. This paper introduces a visual target tracking algorithm based on saliency, so that it has better applicability …


The Effects Of Different Seeding Rates On Nitrogen Acquisition In Pea–Wheat Intercropping, AYBEGÜN TON, ERIK STEEN JENSEN 2023 TÜBİTAK

The Effects Of Different Seeding Rates On Nitrogen Acquisition In Pea–Wheat Intercropping, Aybegün Ton, Erik Steen Jensen

Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry

Intercropping may improve the use of environmental resources in low-input agricultural systems compared to sole crops and it is possible that risk may be reduced in intercropping, leading to more stable yields and weed control. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of seeding rate of a normal leafed cultivar and a semileafless pea cultivar (Pisum sativum L.) grown as sole crops, cultivar mixture, and in double and triple intercrops with spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) on competitive dynamics, yield and use of nitrogen sources from soil, and symbiotic N2 fixation. A randomized complete blocks experiment …


Lignin Recovery From Hazelnut Shells, ÖZCAN GEZEN, ALEYNA FİLİZFİDANOĞLU, ÇAĞLAR ÖZGENER, İREM DENİZ 2023 TÜBİTAK

Lignin Recovery From Hazelnut Shells, Özcan Gezen, Aleyna Fi̇li̇zfi̇danoğlu, Çağlar Özgener, İrem Deni̇z

Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry

The main goal of this work was to study alkaline pretreatment of hazelnut shells (HSs) by utilization of NaOH and Ca(OH)2 with or without glycerol. The highest lignin recovery was obtained for NaOH-glycerol-pretreated HSs. This research also determined the efficiency of enzymatic hydrolysis where xylanase and cellulase were added to the pretreated residue. The highest amount of lignin of 63.2% was achieved when NaOH was used with glycerol in the pretreatment process. These findings revealed that the NaOH-catalyzed glycerol pretreatment applied in this study has great capability to be used in industrial applications.


Impact Of Ultrasound On Postharvest Physiology And Bioactive Compounds Of Sweet Basilduring Short-Term Storage, ALI IBRAHIM SALE, APIRADEE UTHAIRATANAKIJ, NATTA LAOHAKUNJIT, PONGPHEN JITAREERAT, NATTAPON KAISANGSRI 2023 TÜBİTAK

Impact Of Ultrasound On Postharvest Physiology And Bioactive Compounds Of Sweet Basilduring Short-Term Storage, Ali Ibrahim Sale, Apiradee Uthairatanakij, Natta Laohakunjit, Pongphen Jitareerat, Nattapon Kaisangsri

Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry

Sweet basil is a perishable green herb that has a short shelf life after harvest. Techniques to extend its shelf life and prolong its storability may be commercially beneficial. In this study, the impact of different ultrasound powers on the postharvest quality and bioactive compounds of sweet basil during storage was investigated. The sampled basil leaves were immersed in an ultrasonic bath (40 kHz) at 200 or 400 W for 3 min at ambient temperature (28 ℃). The control samples were treated with tap water. All of the treatments were packed in a basket covered with a polyethylene sheet and …


Antioxidants, Enzyme Inhibitory Activities, And Phytochemical Profiles Of Sevenmedicinal Plants Grown With Organic Farming Techniques, MURAT ZOR, BURÇİN ÖZÜPEK, SULTAN PEKACAR, DİDEM DELİORMAN ORHAN 2023 TÜBİTAK

Antioxidants, Enzyme Inhibitory Activities, And Phytochemical Profiles Of Sevenmedicinal Plants Grown With Organic Farming Techniques, Murat Zor, Burçi̇n Özüpek, Sultan Pekacar, Di̇dem Deli̇orman Orhan

Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry

In this study, the potential antihyperlipidemic, antidiabetic, and antiobesity effects of extracts obtained via infusion techniques from Artemisia absinthium L., Achillea millefolium L., Calendula officinalis L., Fumaria officinalis L., Mentha piperita L., Origanum onites L., and Urtica dioica L. grown with organic farming techniques were investigated using enzyme inhibition methods (α-glucosidase, pancreatic cholesterol esterase, pancreatic lipase, and α-amylase). It is important that natural compounds or extracts to be used in the treatment of metabolic problems have antioxidant effects. The antioxidant effects of these species were tested in terms of ABTS and DPPH radical scavenging activity, ferric reducing power, and metal …


Exploring The Potential Of Osmotic Dehydration With Honey To Develop Value-Addedfood From Watermelon (Citrullus Lanatus) Rind, JASPREET KAUR, DILPREET SINGH BRAR, VIKAS NANDA 2023 TÜBİTAK

Exploring The Potential Of Osmotic Dehydration With Honey To Develop Value-Addedfood From Watermelon (Citrullus Lanatus) Rind, Jaspreet Kaur, Dilpreet Singh Brar, Vikas Nanda

Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry

This study demonstrates the viability of sustainably utilizing watermelon rind, a byproduct, by developing intermediate moisture food (IMF) through osmotic dehydration with honey as a sugar substitute. Response surface methodology and an artificial neural network were employed to optimize the process, and enhanced solid gain and water loss were achieved. The findings revealed that temperature exerted the most significant influence, followed by the solution-to-rind ratio, immersion time, and osmotic solution concentration, impacting water loss and solid gain in the IMF product. The optimized parameters for maximum water loss and solute gain were a temperature range of 330.15–331.15 K, immersion time …


Seed Priming With Humic Acid Modifies Seedling Vigor And Biochemical Response Of Lentilunder Heat Stress Conditions, SUBRAMANIAN POOMANI, SANGITA YADAV, RAVISH CHOUDHARY, DHARMENDRA SINGH, ANIL DAHUJA, SHIV KUMAR YADAV 2023 TÜBİTAK

Seed Priming With Humic Acid Modifies Seedling Vigor And Biochemical Response Of Lentilunder Heat Stress Conditions, Subramanian Poomani, Sangita Yadav, Ravish Choudhary, Dharmendra Singh, Anil Dahuja, Shiv Kumar Yadav

Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry

Lentil (Lens culinaris) is one of the most important cool season pulse crops, which is rich in carbohydrates, proteins, minerals, and fibers. It encounters various abiotic stresses that negatively impacts the crop productivity. With an increasing global average temperature, the effect of heat stress on lentil seed germination needs to be addressed. Seed priming is a cost-effective quality enhancement technique for mitigating abiotic stresses in several crops. Thus, this study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility of priming techniques to mitigate heat stress. Heat stress (30 and 20 °C for 16 and 8 h, respectively) hampered seed germination and affected …


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