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Full-Text Articles in Social Work

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Comparing Short-Term, Intensive Therapy To Traditional, Long-Term Therapy, Laura Gonzalez, Sean Kruckenberg Aug 2021

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Comparing Short-Term, Intensive Therapy To Traditional, Long-Term Therapy, Laura Gonzalez, Sean Kruckenberg

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a mental health diagnosis that occurs following a traumatic event, and military veterans are at higher risk of exposure to hazardous or life-threatening situations that may result in psychological trauma. PTSD sufferers experience symptoms such as distressing memories, nightmares, flashbacks, hypervigilance, and heightened arousal. Individuals with PTSD also experience higher rates of depressive and substance use disorders, involvement with the justice system, and self-harm and suicide. Many agencies, such as the Department of Veteran’s Affairs (VA) provide treatment PTSD, however most programs experience dropout rates as high as 36%. Recent studies have shown ...


Child Welfare Assessments And Best Practices When Working With Parents Of Prenatally Exposed Infants, Amber Todd Aug 2021

Child Welfare Assessments And Best Practices When Working With Parents Of Prenatally Exposed Infants, Amber Todd

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

The estimated number of children born with effects from prenatal alcohol or illicit drugs is over 600,000 per year in the United States. In 2017, California had 5,050 babies test positive at birth for substance use exposure, equating to 14 babies a day. This overwhelming epidemic is mainly placed on the shoulders of Child Welfare Agencies.

The emerging themes in the literature is that states, counties and regions are doing things drastically different from one another in terms of substance exposed infants. Some states are doing more than others, and some have established some best practice techniques, assessments ...


Children Of The Government: Affording A Higher Education A Review Of The State Of Pennsylvania’S Recently Implemented Law That Grants Children Who “Age Out” Of The Foster Care Tuition And Fee Waivers At Every University In The State, Erin K. Cooper Jul 2021

Children Of The Government: Affording A Higher Education A Review Of The State Of Pennsylvania’S Recently Implemented Law That Grants Children Who “Age Out” Of The Foster Care Tuition And Fee Waivers At Every University In The State, Erin K. Cooper

Helms School of Government Undergraduate Law Review

No abstract provided.


Narratives Of Distinctiveness Or Similarity And Connection - A Response To Korman, De Jong And Jordan’S Steve De Shazer’S Theory Development, Guy Shennan Jul 2021

Narratives Of Distinctiveness Or Similarity And Connection - A Response To Korman, De Jong And Jordan’S Steve De Shazer’S Theory Development, Guy Shennan

Journal of Solution Focused Practices

In 2020 the Journal of Solution Focused Practices published an article called Steve de Shazer’s Theory Development. This surveyed the whole of de Shazer’s career, which the authors divided into four phases, from which they distilled six axioms they believe are foundational to de Shazer’s thinking and practice. In their commentary on the six axioms there is a considerable emphasis on the distinctiveness of SFBT, which the authors are keen to establish as different, in each of its foundational aspects, from most or perhaps all other therapies. This article is a response to this particular aspect of ...


Afectaciones En La Calidad De Vida De Las Personas Víctimas Del Conflicto Armado Con Discapacidad De La Localidad De Bosa, Andrea Paola Villamarin Navero Jul 2021

Afectaciones En La Calidad De Vida De Las Personas Víctimas Del Conflicto Armado Con Discapacidad De La Localidad De Bosa, Andrea Paola Villamarin Navero

Maestría en Estudios y Gestión del Desarrollo – MEGD

Esta investigación se basará en la población de 5 personas víctimas del conflicto armado, en condición de discapacidad cuyo fin es realizar un diagnóstico social sobre las Afectaciones de en la calidad de vida, frente a su doble vulnerabilidad, que en alguno s casos es triple solo por el hecho de ser mujer. En el trascurso dela investigación se realizó un trabajo de campo basado en cuestionarios y encuestas a las personas víctimas del conflicto armado y en condición de discapacidad analizando las condiciones actuales de su calidad de vida.

Generalmente la sociedad en general discrimina a las personas con ...


Using Virtual Reality For Peace Building In Refugee Camps Of Northern Uganda, Barnabas Samuel John, Sebit Martin Jul 2021

Using Virtual Reality For Peace Building In Refugee Camps Of Northern Uganda, Barnabas Samuel John, Sebit Martin

Frameless

No abstract provided.


Reflections Of A Central Bank Governor, Ernest K. Addison Jul 2021

Reflections Of A Central Bank Governor, Ernest K. Addison

Center for Social Development Research

Central banks seldom play central roles in the strategies that researchers and practitioners formulate for fostering financial capability in marginalized populations, but in this Perspective, by Dr. Ernest Addison, Governor of the Bank of Ghana, illustrates that the work of those banks is “inextricably linked” to financial capability.

This Perspective presents remarks offered by Dr. Addison as part of the event marking the launch of Financial Capability and Asset Building in Africa (FCAB Africa). Participants gathered virtually for the start of this multinational collaboration in a session of the 22nd biennial conference of the International Consortium for Social Development, which ...


Longitudinal Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (Prep) Acceptability, Initiation And Adherence Among Criminal Justice-Involved Adults In The Usa: The Southern Prep Cohort Study (Specs) Protocol, Katherine Lemasters, Carrie B. Oser, Mariah Cowell, Katie Mollan, Kathryn Nowotny, Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein Jul 2021

Longitudinal Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (Prep) Acceptability, Initiation And Adherence Among Criminal Justice-Involved Adults In The Usa: The Southern Prep Cohort Study (Specs) Protocol, Katherine Lemasters, Carrie B. Oser, Mariah Cowell, Katie Mollan, Kathryn Nowotny, Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein

Sociology Faculty Publications

INTRODUCTION: HIV prevalence among criminal justice (CJ)-involved adults is five times higher than the general population. Following incarceration, CJ-involved individuals experience multilevel barriers to HIV prevention. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a widely available, daily medication efficacious in preventing HIV. Little is known about PrEP knowledge, acceptability, initiation and sustained use among CJ-involved persons or about how these outcomes vary by multilevel factors. The Southern Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Study (SPECS) will investigate barriers and facilitators for PrEP initiation and sustained use among CJ-involved adults, building a foundation for PrEP interventions for this underserved population.

METHODS AND ANALYSIS: SPECS uses a mixed-methods ...


Fcab Africa: Summary Of Achievements As Of July 2021, Center For Social Development Jul 2021

Fcab Africa: Summary Of Achievements As Of July 2021, Center For Social Development

Center for Social Development Research

Financial Capability and Asset Building in Africa (FCAB Africa) is a multinational collaboration designed (a) to equip human-service professionals to broaden the financial stability, security, and well-being of client populations in sub-Saharan Africa; and (b) to work with financial-service providers to create a comprehensive financial-development program delivered through existing services, including fintech. This Fact Sheet describes the goals of the FCAB Africa initiative and strategy for achieving them.


Lessons On Policies That Strengthen Household Financial Resilience To Overcome Shocks: A Keynote Address By Dr. Mahamudu Bawumia, Vice President Of The Republic Of Ghana, Mahamudu Bawumia Phd Jul 2021

Lessons On Policies That Strengthen Household Financial Resilience To Overcome Shocks: A Keynote Address By Dr. Mahamudu Bawumia, Vice President Of The Republic Of Ghana, Mahamudu Bawumia Phd

Center for Social Development Research

This Perspective presents remarks given by Dr. Mahamudu Bawumia, Vice President of the Republic of Ghana, on July 15, 2021. He delivered this keynote address during FCAB Africa: The Launch of a Multinational Collaboration, an event marking the beginning of the Financial Capability and Asset Building in Africa (FCAB Africa) initiative. Vice President Bawumia drew lessons from pandemic policy and issued a call to broaden access to beneficial financial services and the knowledge and skills required to make optimal financial decisions.


Fcab Africa: Advancing Financial Stability, Security, And Well-Being, Center For Social Development Jul 2021

Fcab Africa: Advancing Financial Stability, Security, And Well-Being, Center For Social Development

Center for Social Development Research

In sub-Saharan Africa, mobile phones and financial technology have opened doors to financial inclusion for millions, but the new financial terrain is uneven ground fraught with risks. High fees, aggressive marketing, mounting personal debt, varied digital access, and nascent regulatory structures heighten vulnerability and threaten hard-won progress toward broad financial inclusion. Financial Capability and Asset Building in Africa, or FCAB Africa, will equip human-service professionals to broaden financial stability, security, and well-being in sub-Saharan Africa, developing the financial capability of service populations and cultivating sound financial strategies. The initiative will also work with financial-service providers to create a comprehensive financial-development ...


The Quality Of Information Circulated Through Social Media And The Responsiveness Of Government Decision Makers In Jordan, Ali Mistarihi Jul 2021

The Quality Of Information Circulated Through Social Media And The Responsiveness Of Government Decision Makers In Jordan, Ali Mistarihi

Journal of the Arab American University مجلة الجامعة العربية الامريكية للبحوث

The study sought to explore the quality of the information circulated in social media platforms and the responsiveness of the government decision makers to using such platforms. Descriptive and analytical tools were utilized to handle and process the information collected from the published sources as well as using a questionnaire survey designed specifically for this study. A total of 187 public sector top-level managers in 19 Jordanian government agencies have participated in the survey. The findings suggest that, although there has been clear recognition, justification and ‎motivation among the Jordanian public sector decision makers about the quality indicators concerning the ...


Domestic Violence In Immigrant Communities: Case Studies (Brazilian Portuguese), Ferzana Chaze, Bethany Osborne, Archana Medhekar, Purnima George Jul 2021

Domestic Violence In Immigrant Communities: Case Studies (Brazilian Portuguese), Ferzana Chaze, Bethany Osborne, Archana Medhekar, Purnima George

Books

This document contains excerpts from the book Domestic Violence in Immigrant Communities: Case Studies by Dr. Ferzana Chaze, Dr. Bethany Osborne, Ms. Archana Medhekar and Dr. Purnima George that have been translated into Brazilian Portuguese so that a wider audience can access them. The book is a freely accessible educational resource to be used in training with social work and legal practitioners.

The translated case studies in this document are real life stories of immigrant women who have experienced domestic violence in Canada. The cases emerged from closed legal case files handled by Archana Medhekar Law Office and reflect the ...


Dinner At Dinosaurland: Invention, Dialogue, & Solidarity In The Early Childhood Classroom, Selena L. Hoy, Jessica L. Lea, Erin E. Flynn Jul 2021

Dinner At Dinosaurland: Invention, Dialogue, & Solidarity In The Early Childhood Classroom, Selena L. Hoy, Jessica L. Lea, Erin E. Flynn

School of Social Work Faculty Publications and Presentations

This Ideas from Practice piece highlights a storytelling practice called story circles as a routine classroom practice with the potential to catalyze shared ideas in the classroom by spurring invention, dialogue, and invention. Examining the slow-growing unfolding of stories about the invented world of Dinosaurland, we illuminate the potential of the language of story as a way for children to sustain and develop ideas through sharing imagined worlds.


Identity Transformation Through Substance Use Disorder Recovery: Introducing The Six Stage Model, Naomi Watkins, Austin Mcneill Brown, Kayce Courson Jul 2021

Identity Transformation Through Substance Use Disorder Recovery: Introducing The Six Stage Model, Naomi Watkins, Austin Mcneill Brown, Kayce Courson

The Qualitative Report

Narratives of substance use disorder recovery experience can provide useful qualitative conceptual categories and novel theories about the way in which recovery is experienced by individuals. This information can better inform definitions, concepts, and supports for recovery processes. The current study reviewed 30 written personal recovery biographies which were contained within student applications to the collegiate recovery program housed in the Center for Young Adult Addiction and Recovery at Kennesaw State University. Using grounded theory methodology, common benchmarks, or topographic recovery features were revealed involving the evolution of identity as an inter-negotiated process throughout the addiction and recovery biographies (Charmaz ...


الضغوط الحياتية وعلاقتها بقلق الموت لدى مقدمي الخدمات الصحية بمحافظات غزة, محمد العثامنة ماجستير ارشاد نفسي Jun 2021

الضغوط الحياتية وعلاقتها بقلق الموت لدى مقدمي الخدمات الصحية بمحافظات غزة, محمد العثامنة ماجستير ارشاد نفسي

Journal of Al-Azhar University – Gaza (Humanities)

الملخص:

تهدف الدراسة الحالية للكشف عن العلاقة بين الضغوط الحياتية وقلق الموت لدى مقدمي الخدمات الصحية بمحافظات غزة، ومعرفة الفروق التي تعزى لمتغيرات (الجنس، والخبرة)، وقد تألَّفت عينةُ الدراسة من (80) طبيباً وممرضاً، تمَّ اختيارهم بطريقة العينة العشوائية البسيطة من المجتمع الأصلي للعام (2020)، ولتحقيق أهداف الدراسة استخدمت مقياس الضغوط الحياتية من إعداد الخطيب (2020)، ومقياس قلق الموت إعداد الباحث، وتوصلت نتائج الدراسة إلى أنَّ مستوى الضغوط الحياتية كان مرتفعاً بوزن نسبي (79.8%)، ولم تُظهِر النتائج فروق دالة إحصائياً في الضغوط الحياتية تبعاً لمتغير الجنس، كما أظهرت الدراسة فروق دالة احصائياً في الضغوط الحياتية تبعاً لمتغير ...


Telework During Covid-19: Exposing Ableism In U.S. Higher Education, Mia Ocean Jun 2021

Telework During Covid-19: Exposing Ableism In U.S. Higher Education, Mia Ocean

Social Work (Graduate) Faculty Publications

Abelism, like the many other ‘isms,’ pervades the rules and norms within the U.S. higher education system. Through a first person narrative, this article explores one person’s perspective and experience with the accommodation process - first, as a person without a dis/ability serving as an Americans with Dis/abilities coordinator and then as a faculty member with a dis/ability. It also documents the miraculous ability to institute telework accommodations within weeks when people without dis/abilities needed it due to COVID-19 and consequently exposes one form of ableism in the U.S. post-secondary educational system. The article ...


Farmers’ Perceived Needs Of Extension’ Support During Covid-19 In Hawai'i, Sothy Eng, Tricia Khun, Monica Esquivel, Nancy Ooki, Joanna Bloese, Shannon Sand, Noa Lincoln Jun 2021

Farmers’ Perceived Needs Of Extension’ Support During Covid-19 In Hawai'i, Sothy Eng, Tricia Khun, Monica Esquivel, Nancy Ooki, Joanna Bloese, Shannon Sand, Noa Lincoln

The Journal of Extension

Extension plays an essential role in serving local communities. How it can support farmers during the pandemic is a novel phenomenon that necessitates careful analysis. Drawing from a survey responded by 313 farmers across Hawai'i in late April 2020, this study assesses how farmers feel Extension can support them best during the pandemic. Farmers identified five areas of needs: community engagement and networking, information sharing and education, funding, research, and local sustainability. Discussion regarding the role of Extension support during the pandemic is offered.


Evaluation Of Sex Education Curriculum And Policy Related To The Needs Of Lgbtq+ Latinx Youth, Olivia Nayler Jun 2021

Evaluation Of Sex Education Curriculum And Policy Related To The Needs Of Lgbtq+ Latinx Youth, Olivia Nayler

University Honors Theses

Sex education is contentious and inconsistent in the United States but it is extremely necessary to address the health needs of young people and the adults they become. This study aims to evaluate how well comprehensive sex education curricula attend to the needs of high school age LGBTQ+ Latinx students. The curricula Our Whole Lives (OWL) and FLASH were chosen for the study as established sex education curricula based on their assertions of being factual and comprehensive, and for their adaptability in different settings and locations. A content analysis was performed on both curricula. In addition, an analysis of OAR ...


An Integrative Review Of Fathers’ Needs During The Transition To Fatherhood: Implications For Perinatal Education, Carli Cox Jun 2021

An Integrative Review Of Fathers’ Needs During The Transition To Fatherhood: Implications For Perinatal Education, Carli Cox

University Honors Theses

Aim: To examine the needs and experiences of fathers during the transition to fatherhood with the intent of improving perinatal education for fathers.

Background: The perinatal period is a highly transformational time for parents with implications in mental health, role development, identity formation, and relationship changes, to name a few. Unfortunately, research on fathers’ needs and experiences during this time is limited, which consequentially restricts the development of father-inclusive perinatal education.

Method: An electronic search for qualitative studies was conducted using the PsycInfo database. Results were narrowed by a set of criteria and chosen studies’ results were analyzed and organized ...


Pregnant Women With Substance Use Disorders Deserve Plans Of Safe Care, Alexandra E. Punch, Monika Taylor Jun 2021

Pregnant Women With Substance Use Disorders Deserve Plans Of Safe Care, Alexandra E. Punch, Monika Taylor

Lerner Center for Public Health Promotion: Population Health Research Brief Series

Substance use among women who are pregnant is a growing U.S public health issue. Approximately 340,000 infants are affected by prenatal exposure to illicit drugs annually, leading to an increase in Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS), and Child Protective Services involvement. This issue brief describes the current state of prenatal substance use and provides guidance on the use of federally mandated Plans of Safe Care to help mothers prepare for the arrival of their baby while navigating their substance use disorder.


Temporal Trends In Suicidal Ideation And Attempts Among Us Adolescents By Sex And Race/Ethnicity, 1991-2019, Yunyu Xiao, Julie Cerel, J. John Mann Jun 2021

Temporal Trends In Suicidal Ideation And Attempts Among Us Adolescents By Sex And Race/Ethnicity, 1991-2019, Yunyu Xiao, Julie Cerel, J. John Mann

Social Work Faculty Publications

Importance: Disparities by sex and racial/ethnic group in suicide death rates are present in US adolescents. Whether disparities in suicide death extend to groups targeted for suicide prevention efforts, namely, those with suicidal ideation or nonfatal suicide attempts, is unknown.

Objective: To examine differences in temporal trends between suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in US adolescents from 1991 through 2019 by sex and race/ethnicity subgroups.

Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional analysis of the national Youth Risk Behavior Survey, weighted to represent US adolescents from 1991 to 2019, included 183 563 US high-school students in grades 9 to ...


Fostering Information Literacy: A Call For Collaboration Between Academic Librarians And Msw Instructors., Sarah C. Johnson, Margaret Bausman, Sarah Ward Jun 2021

Fostering Information Literacy: A Call For Collaboration Between Academic Librarians And Msw Instructors., Sarah C. Johnson, Margaret Bausman, Sarah Ward

Publications and Research

Genuine collaboration between academic librarians and social work faculty in which information literacy is embedded in social work education is lacking. Drawing from the results of the authors’ 2016 quantitative study surveying academic social work librarians across the United States, this qualitative follow-up uses data from 27 semi-structured interviews concerning the prevalence and nature of information literacy instruction (ILI) in social work education, how ILI is introduced and sustained in social work curricula, and the alignment between ILI efforts with institutional goals, guidelines from accreditation authorities, and professional social work practice standards. The literature review engages the reader in a ...


A Hybrid Peer Support Training Model For Mental Health And Substance Use Disorder Treatment, Maren Wright Voss, Amy Campbell, Amelia Van Komen Jun 2021

A Hybrid Peer Support Training Model For Mental Health And Substance Use Disorder Treatment, Maren Wright Voss, Amy Campbell, Amelia Van Komen

Outcomes and Impact Quarterly

Utah State University (USU) Extension created a hybrid educational program to address barriers to participation of the Certified Peer Support Specialist (CPSS) trainings before and during COVID 19. This article provides an overview of the CPSS pilot program and discusses early program outcomes.


E(Raced): Race And Use Of Self Amongst Bipoc Social Workers, Anita Reinette Gooding Jun 2021

E(Raced): Race And Use Of Self Amongst Bipoc Social Workers, Anita Reinette Gooding

Dissertations and Theses

Use of self is defined as the social worker's instrument, and involves an intentional engagement of one's personhood in ways that facilitate client change (Heyt & Sherman, 2005). This dissertation argues that race is one component of the social worker's self that is visible, and that can affect how Black, Indigenous, and People of Color (BIPOC) social workers use self in their practice. Using Critical Race Theory, Social Identity Theory and an Interpretive Description methodology, this dissertation engages 27 BIPOC field instructors in semi-structured interviews in order to answer the following research questions: a) What are the components of use of self, as defined by BIPOC social workers?; b) How have they used self in practice and to what effect?; c) How do issues of race and racism affect their perceptions of using self in practice contexts? Findings indicate that for BIPOC social workers, self-disclosure, bringing one's whole self, and race are components of use of self, and they used these factors to model change, affirm the effects of race on the client experience, and to deepen their relationships with ...


Domestic Violence In Immigrant Communities: Case Studies (Punjabi), Ferzana Chaze, Bethany Osborne, Archana Medhekar, Purnima George Jun 2021

Domestic Violence In Immigrant Communities: Case Studies (Punjabi), Ferzana Chaze, Bethany Osborne, Archana Medhekar, Purnima George

Books

This document contains excerpts from the book Domestic Violence in Immigrant Communities: Case Studies by Dr. Ferzana Chaze, Dr. Bethany Osborne, Ms. Archana Medhekar and Dr. Purnima George that have been translated into Punjabi so that a wider audience can access them. The book is a freely accessible educational resource to be used in training with social work and legal practitioners.

The translated case studies in this document are real life stories of immigrant women who have experienced domestic violence in Canada. The cases emerged from closed legal case files handled by Archana Medhekar Law Office and reflect the stories ...


The Etiology Of Mdd In Sexual Minority Youth And Its Implications For Treatment, Keith Burns Jun 2021

The Etiology Of Mdd In Sexual Minority Youth And Its Implications For Treatment, Keith Burns

Intuition: The BYU Undergraduate Journal of Psychology

Greater tolerance and understanding of homosexuality, transgenderism, and other forms of gender nonconformity have sparked an increased effort to reach out to and help sexual minorities (i.e., groups whose sexual identity, orientation, or practices differ from cisgender heterosexuality), especially those who experience mental health challenges. Despite immense progress in society, deeply rooted social stigma, prejudice, and discrimination have often left sexual minorities feeling bullied, ostracized, and isolated, which tends to reinforce a host of negative mental health outcomes, such as increased risk of major depressive disorder (MDD) and suicidality (Hatchel et al., 2018). While mental health clinicians have become ...


The Termination Of Parental Rights In Texas: The Long Run Cut Short For Parents In Bexar County, Gabriel A. Narvaez Jun 2021

The Termination Of Parental Rights In Texas: The Long Run Cut Short For Parents In Bexar County, Gabriel A. Narvaez

The Scholar: St. Mary's Law Review on Race and Social Justice

Abstract forthcoming.


Young Women And The Initiation Trajectory Of Prescription Opioid Misuse, Rachel Chernick Jun 2021

Young Women And The Initiation Trajectory Of Prescription Opioid Misuse, Rachel Chernick

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The most recent opioid epidemic in United States history emerged in the late 1980s and continues its destructive impact to this day. It has evolved into a devastating public health crisis with a broad range of medical, social, and economic consequences. This dissertation focuses on the “first wave” of this opioid epidemic characterized largely by the misuse of prescription opioids. The research questions here were focused on developing a greater understanding of the social processes involved in young women’s initiation of prescription opioid misuse (POM) during this first wave. The research methodology consisted of a cross-sectional, exploratory study using ...


Children As Mischievous Spirits: Legitimizing Child Cruelty And Filicide In Contemporary Africa, Chima Agazue Jun 2021

Children As Mischievous Spirits: Legitimizing Child Cruelty And Filicide In Contemporary Africa, Chima Agazue

Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence

The belief that certain humans are spiritual entities and the belief that some people are spiritually possessed can be found across histories and cultures. While these individuals are not always viewed in the negative or treated inhumanely, cases abound whereby degrading and inhumane treatments are meted out to some of them. In the African continent, certain groups of people, particularly children are linked to certain mischievous spirits due to their unusual appearance, aberrant behavior, disability, chronic illness, psychopathology or exceptional ability. Some are also suspected and consequently mistreated due to events surrounding their birth. Such children are known by different ...