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Full-Text Articles in Education

Fostering Engagement Through Inquiry-Based Learning, Lauren Zanoni Apr 2109

Fostering Engagement Through Inquiry-Based Learning, Lauren Zanoni

John Wesley Powell Student Research Conference

Inquiry-based learning (IBL) occurs when students engage in work that mirrors elements of the scientific process, such as conducting an investigation and communicating results (Martin-Hansen, 2002). Similar to the inquiry process, in Genius Hour students choose a topic they are passionate about, and engage in research and reflection as they create a finished project (Juliani, 2007). In my study, I determined how the incorporation of inquiry-based learning in a fifth grade classroom facilitates students’ cognitive, behavioral, and emotional engagement. Within this study, cognitive engagement refers to students’ investment and motivation to learn, behavioral engagement involves the positive conduct students show …


Learning In Transitions: Migrant Women Reflecting On Life Trajectories And Constructing Self-Identity, Heh Youn Shin Jan 2027

Learning In Transitions: Migrant Women Reflecting On Life Trajectories And Constructing Self-Identity, Heh Youn Shin

Adult Education Research Conference

The purpose of this paper is to examine how foreign wives in Korea present themselves in relation to the dominant discourse surrounding them through stories of migration and marriage experiences.


Association Of Respiratory Viral Testing And Antibiotic Use For Pediatric Patients Admitted For Acute Respiratory Illness Between 2017-2021 At Children’S Mercy-Kansas City, Edward Lyon, Brian Lee, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Jennifer Schuster May 2024

Association Of Respiratory Viral Testing And Antibiotic Use For Pediatric Patients Admitted For Acute Respiratory Illness Between 2017-2021 At Children’S Mercy-Kansas City, Edward Lyon, Brian Lee, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Jennifer Schuster

Research Days

Retrospective comparison of hospitalized pediatric patients who did or did not have clinical viral respiratory testing performed to understand if antibiotics were used differently between these groups.


Transition Skills Lab: A Telehealth Intervention For Improving Healthcare Transition In Youth With Special Health Care Needs, Angela Combs, Alaina Linafelter, Jordan Sevart, Michele H. Maddux May 2024

Transition Skills Lab: A Telehealth Intervention For Improving Healthcare Transition In Youth With Special Health Care Needs, Angela Combs, Alaina Linafelter, Jordan Sevart, Michele H. Maddux

Research Days

The goal of this abstract is to evaluate youth skill-building and confidence across health care tasks through the virtual Transition Skills Lab.


Long-Term Physical And Emotional Functioning In Children Following Intensive Interdisciplinary Pain Treatment For Amplified Pain Syndrome, Sabrina Ung, Jacqueline Pabis Phd, Jenny Scheurich Phd, Dustin Wallace Phd May 2024

Long-Term Physical And Emotional Functioning In Children Following Intensive Interdisciplinary Pain Treatment For Amplified Pain Syndrome, Sabrina Ung, Jacqueline Pabis Phd, Jenny Scheurich Phd, Dustin Wallace Phd

Research Days

The current study aimed to examine the efficacy of pediatric interdisciplinary pain treatment (IIPT) several years after treatment completion by exploring mean-level changes of physical and mental health functioning pre-intervention, post-intervention, and at follow-up 2 to 6 years after IIPT completion.


Delirium On Admission To The Cicu, Spencer Wittmeyer, Jaime Silva-Gburek, Kelly S. Tieves May 2024

Delirium On Admission To The Cicu, Spencer Wittmeyer, Jaime Silva-Gburek, Kelly S. Tieves

Research Days

Background: Delirium is increasingly recognized in the pediatric cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) with an incidence up to 67% and is associated with worse outcomes including increased mortality, prolonged hospitalization, and increased rates of intubation and mechanical circulatory support. The Cornell Assessment for Pediatric Delirium (CAPD) is the only validated tool for the diagnosis of delirium in the pediatric population. The CAPD may be limited in children with developmental disabilities as it does not account for baseline ability in scoring. Prior work has identified low specificity for the CAPD in children with developmental disabilities and those requiring mechanical ventilation. This …


Reducing Sharps Disposal In The Operating Room, Kasey Brooks, Brandon Layton May 2024

Reducing Sharps Disposal In The Operating Room, Kasey Brooks, Brandon Layton

Research Days

Used an education program to reduce the amount of sharps waste in the operating room within the anesthesia department.


Adolescent Mothers In South Africa: Examining Their Stigmatization And Violence, Tahiyya Khan, Allison Groves Dr, Ana Martinez-Donate Dr May 2024

Adolescent Mothers In South Africa: Examining Their Stigmatization And Violence, Tahiyya Khan, Allison Groves Dr, Ana Martinez-Donate Dr

St. Chris Research Day

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Childhood Opportunity Index On Treatment Outcomes Of Osteochondritis Dissecans Of The Knee, Colton Schwarz, Kennedy J. Morey, Brian R. Lee, Angie Vanderpool, Kevin Latz, Natalie C. Stork, Donna Pacicca, Brian Harvey May 2024

The Impact Of Childhood Opportunity Index On Treatment Outcomes Of Osteochondritis Dissecans Of The Knee, Colton Schwarz, Kennedy J. Morey, Brian R. Lee, Angie Vanderpool, Kevin Latz, Natalie C. Stork, Donna Pacicca, Brian Harvey

Research Days

This study aims to explore the relationship that Childhood Opportunity Index (COI), a validated measure of socioeconomic status, has on the outcomes of treatment of osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the medial femoral condyle (MFC) of the knee in pediatric patients age 0-18 years.


Thyroid Dysfunction In Patients Receiving Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors, Emily Metzinger, Jennifer Boyd, Julia Broussard, Christopher Klockau May 2024

Thyroid Dysfunction In Patients Receiving Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors, Emily Metzinger, Jennifer Boyd, Julia Broussard, Christopher Klockau

Research Days

The use of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) is increasing in the treatment of different cancers. This study investigates ICI and thyroid dysfunction in pediatric patients at Children's Mercy Kansas City. This is a retrospective chart review that looked at development of thyroid disorders in patients who received PD-1 inhibitors, PD-L1 inhibitors, or CTLA-4 inhibitors in 19 pediatric patients. Results showed that hypothyroidism developed in 3 patients who received any of these medications. Additionally, 2 patients had thyroid dysfunction prior to starting ICI therapy, and 1 of these patients developed hyperthyroidism shortly after beginning ICI therapy. Thyroid dysfunction can be seen …


Characteristics And Clinical Outcomes Of Iud Insertion Under Conscious Sedation In Pediatric And Adolescent Patients, Alleana Corpin, Madeline Ross, Anne-Marie Priebe, Ashli A. Lawson May 2024

Characteristics And Clinical Outcomes Of Iud Insertion Under Conscious Sedation In Pediatric And Adolescent Patients, Alleana Corpin, Madeline Ross, Anne-Marie Priebe, Ashli A. Lawson

Research Days

Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are a favorable option for adolescents for contraception and menstrual suppression. However, few choose this option citing anxiety and concern for pain related to insertion procedure. Our institution proposes utilizing conscious sedation techniques for anxiolysis and analgesia during IUD insertion. The objective of this study was to identify characteristics of teens choosing conscious sedation for this procedure and likelihood of successful insertion.

Key Words: Intrauterine device (IUD), adolescent, conscious sedation


An Increased Failure Rate Of Asparaginase Desensitization With Calaspargase Pegol, Jillian Fry, Erin Guest, Keith August May 2024

An Increased Failure Rate Of Asparaginase Desensitization With Calaspargase Pegol, Jillian Fry, Erin Guest, Keith August

Research Days

BACKGROUND: Pegaspargase (SS-PEG) became unavailable to younger patients in 2022, leaving calaspargase pegol (SC-PEG) as the only available long-acting asparaginase formulation. SC-PEG has been compared to SS-PEG and found to have similar rates of adverse events and event-free survival. Our institution uses a desensitization protocol for those with asparaginase hypersensitivity reactions. Here we review our experience with desensitization since the transition to SC-PEG. OBJECTIVES: To compare the rate of hypersensitivity reactions, success of desensitization, and need for alternative asparaginase preparations between patients receiving SC-PEG and SS-PEG. METHOD: This is a retrospective, single center study of pediatric patients who received >2 …


Effects Of Drug Delivery On Ppi-Responsive Esophageal Eosinophilia, Alex Biller, Rachel Chevalier, Amornluck Krasaelap, Janelle R. Noel-Macdonnell May 2024

Effects Of Drug Delivery On Ppi-Responsive Esophageal Eosinophilia, Alex Biller, Rachel Chevalier, Amornluck Krasaelap, Janelle R. Noel-Macdonnell

Research Days

Determine if formulation of proton pump inhibitory (pill/capsule vs liquid) affects eosinophilic infiltration of esophagus in patients with PPI-Responsive Esophageal Eosinophilia.


Simultaneous Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy And Deceased Donor Liver Transplant In A Pediatric Patient With Cirrhosis And Class 3 Obesity, Lakshmi Kunam, Voytek Slowik, Brooke Sweeney, Ryan T. Fischer, Jason D. Fraser, Bhargava Mullapudi, Richard J. Hendrickson May 2024

Simultaneous Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy And Deceased Donor Liver Transplant In A Pediatric Patient With Cirrhosis And Class 3 Obesity, Lakshmi Kunam, Voytek Slowik, Brooke Sweeney, Ryan T. Fischer, Jason D. Fraser, Bhargava Mullapudi, Richard J. Hendrickson

Research Days

Background: Liver transplantation is a life saving procedure for children with end-stage liver disease with the goal of returning to a normal healthy life. Obesity and weight gain can lead to post-transplant steatosis and contribute to patient morbidity and mortality. In patients with obesity, simultaneous bariatric surgery can lead to reduced body mass index (BMI) and decrease allograft steatosis and patient metabolic syndrome.

Methods: After obtaining patient and family assent/consent, patient records were reviewed and analyzed.

Results: The patient was initially evaluated at 8 years of age for right upper quadrant pain. Imaging consistent with cirrhosis and portal hypertension prompted …


Variation In Systemic Corticosteroid Prescribing During Asthma-Related Hospitalizations Across Children's Hospitals, Sian Best, Kathryn Kyler, Matt Hall, Jessica L. Bettenhausen, Shelby Chesbro, Nicholas Clark, Adrienne Deporre, Jonathan Ermer, Leah Jones, Jessica Markham, Maria Newmaster, Laura Plencner, Henry T. Puls, Smit Shah, Bridgette Jones, Megan Collins, Elisha Mccoy May 2024

Variation In Systemic Corticosteroid Prescribing During Asthma-Related Hospitalizations Across Children's Hospitals, Sian Best, Kathryn Kyler, Matt Hall, Jessica L. Bettenhausen, Shelby Chesbro, Nicholas Clark, Adrienne Deporre, Jonathan Ermer, Leah Jones, Jessica Markham, Maria Newmaster, Laura Plencner, Henry T. Puls, Smit Shah, Bridgette Jones, Megan Collins, Elisha Mccoy

Research Days

This abstract describes the variability and trends in inpatient systemic corticosteroid prescribing practices for acute asthma exacerbations in children's hospitals, and aims to determine associations between the prescribed steroid and hospitalization outcomes.


Bowel Clean Out Prior To Intrathecal Baclofen Pump Implantation: Effects On Acute Post-Operative Gastrointestinal Complications, Amanda Lindenberg, Sathya Vadivelu, Brittni Walton, Matthew J. Mclaughlin May 2024

Bowel Clean Out Prior To Intrathecal Baclofen Pump Implantation: Effects On Acute Post-Operative Gastrointestinal Complications, Amanda Lindenberg, Sathya Vadivelu, Brittni Walton, Matthew J. Mclaughlin

Research Days

Background: Intrathecal baclofen (ITB) pumps have been used for management of spasticity and dystonia There is limited data on immediate post-operative complications such as GI adverse events after surgery for ITB pump related procedures. This study aimed to compare patients who underwent a pre-operative bowel cleanout to those who did not and the relationship with post-operative nausea, vomiting and constipation requiring an escalation of their bowel regimen.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: Pediatric acute care hospital.

Participants: All patients who underwent new ITB pump and/or catheter placement from January 2015-December 2022.

Interventions: Preoperative bowel clean out. Main

Outcome Measure: Quantity …


Therapeutic Efficacy Of B7-H3 Car T Cell Therapy In Pediatric High-Grade Gliomas With H3g34r/V Mutation., Monika Yadav, Siddharth Subham, John Szarejko, Douglas Myers, David Akhavan, Viveka Nand Yadav May 2024

Therapeutic Efficacy Of B7-H3 Car T Cell Therapy In Pediatric High-Grade Gliomas With H3g34r/V Mutation., Monika Yadav, Siddharth Subham, John Szarejko, Douglas Myers, David Akhavan, Viveka Nand Yadav

Research Days

Background: Pediatric high-grade gliomas (pHGGs) are aggressive brain tumors responsible for significant childhood mortality. These tumors often carry mutations in the H3F3A gene, which encodes histone H3.3 proteins. However, current treatment options are limited, underscoring the need for innovative approaches. Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) therapy, which was successful in treating certain childhood cancers, holds promise for pHGGs with H3G34R/V mutations. This study aims to assess the potential of anti-B7-H3 CAR T cell therapy in treating the challenging pHGG tumors.

Method and Results: Here, we examined the expression of B7-H3 in various pHGG cell lines, encompassing those with H3G34V/R and H3K27M …


Increasing Feedback From Endocrinology Faculty To Fellows: A Quality Improvement Initiative, Emily Metzinger, Emily Griffing, Michelle Knoll May 2024

Increasing Feedback From Endocrinology Faculty To Fellows: A Quality Improvement Initiative, Emily Metzinger, Emily Griffing, Michelle Knoll

Research Days

Feedback is essential in medical training. Our aim is to increase the frequency of feedback that CMH endocrinology fellows receive in both the inpatient and outpatient settings. We noted initial success of increasing feedback in the inpatient setting however later decreased to below goal. Frequency of feedback in the outpatient setting has remained below goal. Tracking feedback has been challenging, but a recent survey showed that fellows perceive that they receive more feedback.


Central Venous Catheter-Associated Complications In Pediatric Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia, J Allyson Hays, Maggie Ziegler May 2024

Central Venous Catheter-Associated Complications In Pediatric Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia, J Allyson Hays, Maggie Ziegler

Research Days

Background

Central venous catheters (CVCs) are a mainstay of pediatric cancer treatment for but have risks. CVCs can cause local site infections and systemic infections, known as central-line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs). Analyzing rates of complications associated with different CVCs may inform future decisions about CVC choice. Hypotheses We hypothesized that tunneled cuffed (tunneled) catheters will have higher rates of CLABSIs compared to implanted ports (port) and ports will have higher rates of local site infections compared to tunneled.

Methods

Retrospective chart review of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) at Children’s Mercy Hospital (CMH) identified patients treated from 2010 to …


The Future Of Public Health: Developing The Workforce Through Public Health Americorps, Kristi James May 2024

The Future Of Public Health: Developing The Workforce Through Public Health Americorps, Kristi James

Georgia Public Health Association Annual Meeting and Conference

The American Public Health Association (APHA) and its Alliance for Disease Prevention and Response worked closely with the Public Health AmeriCorps program (PHACP), CDC and AmeriCorps on a set of activities which strengthen workforce capacity. Within APHA and its Alliance for Disease Prevention and Response team, the assigned project consists of providing opportunities for Public Health AmeriCorps members and grantees to make new connections and increase engagement with those in the field. The overall goal of the project is to address the critical need for public health professionals by supporting the recruitment, training, and development of the next generation of …


Standardizing Clinical Ethics Consultation Documentation, Yoo Sun (Sunny) Jeong, Stephanie Kukora, Ásdís Finnsdóttir Wagner, Dawn Hood Patterson May 2024

Standardizing Clinical Ethics Consultation Documentation, Yoo Sun (Sunny) Jeong, Stephanie Kukora, Ásdís Finnsdóttir Wagner, Dawn Hood Patterson

Research Days

Background:

Clinical ethics consultations (CECs) require documentation. There is a paucity of literature and resources to guide clinical ethicists in documenting consults. High quality documentation encourages transparency between patients and clinicians, while keeping interdisciplinary team members knowledgeable about evolving care plans. However, there are discrepancies in the details captured in the CEC notes and accompanying recommendations.

Objectives/Goal:

To identify how CECs are documented in the medical record and assess whether there is consistent inclusion of relevant information.

Methods/Design:

Retrospective review of CECs conducted at a free-standing children’s hospital from January 2018- June 2023 was conducted. CECs were captured by cross-referencing …


To Bpd Or Not To Bpd: A Comparison Of The 2022 Versus 2011 Nichd Web-Based Risk Estimator For Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia, Mitch Kinkor, Jake Schneider, Farhath Sulthana, Janelle R. Noel-Macdonnell Phd, Alain Cuna May 2024

To Bpd Or Not To Bpd: A Comparison Of The 2022 Versus 2011 Nichd Web-Based Risk Estimator For Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia, Mitch Kinkor, Jake Schneider, Farhath Sulthana, Janelle R. Noel-Macdonnell Phd, Alain Cuna

Research Days

This study compares the performance of the 2022 National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD) Outcome Estimator and its original 2011 version in identifying high-risk infants.


Nrp, Pals, And Their Utilization During Code Events In A Pediatric Quaternary Hospital: A 'Compressed' Analysis, Mitch Kinkor, Deepa Kumar, Allison Taber, Stephen Pfeiffer, Jessica Brunkhorst, Danielle Reed May 2024

Nrp, Pals, And Their Utilization During Code Events In A Pediatric Quaternary Hospital: A 'Compressed' Analysis, Mitch Kinkor, Deepa Kumar, Allison Taber, Stephen Pfeiffer, Jessica Brunkhorst, Danielle Reed

Research Days

Both the Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) and Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) algorithms are utilized for resuscitation during pediatric codes. The optimal time period to transition from NRP to PALS is not well studied. This study describes the utilization of chest compressions, prescribed medications, and patient outcomes during and after code events organized by the algorithm used to direct resuscitation (PALS or NRP) in a similarly aged patient population.


Oscillometry In Term Neonates Without Respiratory Disease, Anna Nelson, Cheri Gauldin, Brooke Smith, Venkatesh Sampath, Winston Manimtim May 2024

Oscillometry In Term Neonates Without Respiratory Disease, Anna Nelson, Cheri Gauldin, Brooke Smith, Venkatesh Sampath, Winston Manimtim

Research Days

This feasibility study aims to determine normative values of oscillometry for neonates without respiratory disease.


Increasing The Rate Of Infants Rooming In With Their Mothers With Low-Acuity Congenital Heart Disease, Anna Nelson, Amy Marks, Ekta Patel May 2024

Increasing The Rate Of Infants Rooming In With Their Mothers With Low-Acuity Congenital Heart Disease, Anna Nelson, Amy Marks, Ekta Patel

Research Days

This quality improvement study aimed to increase the number of infants with low-acuity congenital heart disease that could room-in with their mothers in a high-risk delivery center.


Automate Isolation Infection-Prevention Precautions (Aid-Ip): Improving The Efficiency Of Hospital Isolation With Viral Respiratory Infections, Timothy Burchard, Michael Platt, La'sonya Buford May 2024

Automate Isolation Infection-Prevention Precautions (Aid-Ip): Improving The Efficiency Of Hospital Isolation With Viral Respiratory Infections, Timothy Burchard, Michael Platt, La'sonya Buford

Research Days

The AID-IP project is a QI study working to improve the process of isolation and de-isolation regarding respiratory viruses at Children's Mercy Hospital. Specifically, we aim to improve adherence to proper isolation precautions, minimize cognitive workload regarding the maintenance of isolation for staff, and improve family satisfaction with isolation practice.


Pediatric Readiness In The Ambulatory Care Setting, Mary Haywood, Chris Kennedy, Robert D. Schremmer Md, Emily Cramer, Kevin Meilak Md May 2024

Pediatric Readiness In The Ambulatory Care Setting, Mary Haywood, Chris Kennedy, Robert D. Schremmer Md, Emily Cramer, Kevin Meilak Md

Research Days

Background: Emergent presentations are a relatively uncommon occurrence in the ambulatory care setting. However, when they do occur, they can be life threatening. Given their uncommon occurrence, many clinicians believe that emergencies do not present or do not occur in these settings. However, there can be up to 42 emergent presentations per office site per year, depending on location. Most commonly pediatric patients present with respiratory distress, but seizures, anaphylaxis, dehydration, and psychological/behavioral complaints can also present emergently to these clinics. Despite this, most offices are not prepared to handle these presentations. According to various studies, this is typically due …


Improving Awareness And Utilization Of Safety Net Resources After Extremity Firearm Injury, Colleen M. Moreland, Caleb W. Grote, Richard M. Schwend, Julia G. Harris May 2024

Improving Awareness And Utilization Of Safety Net Resources After Extremity Firearm Injury, Colleen M. Moreland, Caleb W. Grote, Richard M. Schwend, Julia G. Harris

Research Days

The orthopaedic surgery department can improve follow-on care for pediatric survivors of extremity firearm injuries by creating and implementing a checklist of defined safety net resources.


A Quality Improvement Project To Improve Antibiotic Choice For Children Admitted With Urinary Tract Infections (Utis), Philip Jurasinski Do, Pgy-3, Adrienne Deporre Md, Kathleen Berg Md, Allison Hadley Md, Viktoriya Stoycheva Mha, Rn, Cpn, Rana El Feghaly Md May 2024

A Quality Improvement Project To Improve Antibiotic Choice For Children Admitted With Urinary Tract Infections (Utis), Philip Jurasinski Do, Pgy-3, Adrienne Deporre Md, Kathleen Berg Md, Allison Hadley Md, Viktoriya Stoycheva Mha, Rn, Cpn, Rana El Feghaly Md

Research Days

This is an antibiotic stewardship quality improvement project focused on improving antibiotic choices for children with urinary tract infections who are in the Children's Mercy Kansas City system. This project aims to improve the rates of cefazolin or cephalexin for treatment from 27% to 60%. 96% of urinary tract infections in our system are caused by E. Coli that are susceptible to these first generation cephalosporins.


More Of Less: Optimizing Opioid Prescriptions For Acute Fractures In The Emergency Department At A Children’S Hospital, Colton Schwarz, Spencer Wittmeyer, Mitch Kinkor, Michelle Dephillips, Elizabeth Edmundson, Ryan Mcdonough, Warren Teachout, Nicholas Clark May 2024

More Of Less: Optimizing Opioid Prescriptions For Acute Fractures In The Emergency Department At A Children’S Hospital, Colton Schwarz, Spencer Wittmeyer, Mitch Kinkor, Michelle Dephillips, Elizabeth Edmundson, Ryan Mcdonough, Warren Teachout, Nicholas Clark

Research Days

Quality improvement project that aims to improve opioid stewardship in acute fracture management.