Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Architectural History and Criticism Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 1047

Full-Text Articles in Architectural History and Criticism

Lost & Found (Game Series) [Book Chapter], Owen Gottlieb Jan 2024

Lost & Found (Game Series) [Book Chapter], Owen Gottlieb

Articles

Description of game series for use in the classroom with best practices.


Reframing Perceptions Of Signares In French Colonial Senegal, Gabriela E. Weaver Jan 2024

Reframing Perceptions Of Signares In French Colonial Senegal, Gabriela E. Weaver

Swarthmore Undergraduate History Journal

Fifteenth to nineteenth-century French Colonial Senegal was a period of unprecedented cultural contact and convergence in Western Africa. With these interactions came new social hierarchies and the emergence of the signare identity. Signares were wealthy mixed-race and African Women who became involved with French men. This paper examines nineteenth-century art by Frenchman David Boilat and Stanislas Darondeau, and the eighteenth-century house of signare Anne Pepin. It critiques the racism and sexism depicted within Boilat and Darondeau’s work as well as its misinterpretations by contemporary scholars Mark Hinchman and George E. Brooks. Signares were knowledgeable entrepreneurs rather than manipulative and seductive …


Visual Privacy As An Approach To Improve Human Needs In Residential Buildings In Egypt, Inas Samir Ibrahim, Walaa Nour, Mustafa Alwan Jan 2024

Visual Privacy As An Approach To Improve Human Needs In Residential Buildings In Egypt, Inas Samir Ibrahim, Walaa Nour, Mustafa Alwan

Journal of Engineering Research

Architecture reflects a nation’s cultural, social, and environmental characteristics. As a result of the recent globalization, countries have lost their distinctive architectural identities; due to this, it is difficult to identify A country’s unique identity locally and regionally. Specifically, in Egypt, houses in the traditional style are considered one of the most iconic architectural styles. There is an amazing local identity and a unique spatial quality in the region that characterizes Egypt. On the other hand, Western influences have caused many of the values and attributes of houses to fade. One of the most prominent values is the home’s loss …


The Korean Hanok As A Model For Sustainable Architecture In South Korea, Jordan Oh Jan 2024

The Korean Hanok As A Model For Sustainable Architecture In South Korea, Jordan Oh

CMC Senior Theses

This thesis analyzes the traditional Korean hanok within the Western framework for sustainability across environmental, social, and economic dimensions. It then cross-references the findings of this analysis with existing theory on the cultural role of architecture to elucidate how the traditional Korean hanok can serve as a model for sustainable architecture in South Korea. Through a comprehensive analysis this thesis highlights the importance of architectural vernacular to define a sustainable building, and critiques contemporary Western ideas of sustainable architecture. Furthermore, this thesis synthesizes two current approaches to sustainable development in South Korea, the u-eco-city and the Green Standard for Energy …


Troy Thomas, Poussin’S Women: Sex And Gender In The Artist’S Works, James R. Jewitt Dec 2023

Troy Thomas, Poussin’S Women: Sex And Gender In The Artist’S Works, James R. Jewitt

Art Inquiries

No abstract provided.


The Date Of The Allegory Of Mercy At The Misericordia In Florence...Again: Some Clarifications Regarding The Historical Setting, William R. Levin Dec 2023

The Date Of The Allegory Of Mercy At The Misericordia In Florence...Again: Some Clarifications Regarding The Historical Setting, William R. Levin

Art Inquiries

No abstract provided.


Art Inquiries Vol Xviii No 4 2023 Full Issue, Mysoon Rizk Dec 2023

Art Inquiries Vol Xviii No 4 2023 Full Issue, Mysoon Rizk

Art Inquiries

No abstract provided.


Art Inquries Vol Xviii No 4 2023 Front Matter, Mysoon Rizk Dec 2023

Art Inquries Vol Xviii No 4 2023 Front Matter, Mysoon Rizk

Art Inquiries

No abstract provided.


Jamie Robertson: Make For Higher Ground, Elizabeth S. Hawley Dec 2023

Jamie Robertson: Make For Higher Ground, Elizabeth S. Hawley

Art Inquiries

No abstract provided.


Jacqueline Jung, Eloquent Bodies: Movement, Expression, And The Human Figure In Gothic Sculpture, Kerr Houston Dec 2023

Jacqueline Jung, Eloquent Bodies: Movement, Expression, And The Human Figure In Gothic Sculpture, Kerr Houston

Art Inquiries

No abstract provided.


Suzanne Valadon: Model, Painter, Rebel; And Modigliani Up Close, K. A. Mcfadden Dec 2023

Suzanne Valadon: Model, Painter, Rebel; And Modigliani Up Close, K. A. Mcfadden

Art Inquiries

No abstract provided.


Laurie Anderson: The Weather, Annie Dell'aria Dec 2023

Laurie Anderson: The Weather, Annie Dell'aria

Art Inquiries

No abstract provided.


Diana S. Greenwald, Painting By Numbers: Data-Driven Histories Of Nineteenth-Century Art, Sara Woodbury Dec 2023

Diana S. Greenwald, Painting By Numbers: Data-Driven Histories Of Nineteenth-Century Art, Sara Woodbury

Art Inquiries

No abstract provided.


Mimar Sinan, Aleesha Hafeez Dec 2023

Mimar Sinan, Aleesha Hafeez

Publications and Research



Architecture Of Extraction: Imagining New Modes Of Inhabitation And Reclamation In The Mining Lifecyle, Erica Dewitt Aug 2023

Architecture Of Extraction: Imagining New Modes Of Inhabitation And Reclamation In The Mining Lifecyle, Erica Dewitt

Masters Theses

Mining is the primary method through which modern society obtains the minerals needed to fuel the global economy, provide for modern energy requirements, and support the built environment. Presently, mining accounts for nearly 1% of the global ice-free land surface, with a dramatic increase anticipated in the coming decades. Mining permanently changes and often destroys the pre-existing topography, hydrology, and ecology of the ground, and efforts to reclaim mining landscapes—with the aim of encouraging reforestation and soil replenishment—are often unsuccessful, rendering the land of abandoned mines both unusable and uninhabitable.

This thesis addresses the current state of mining in the …


Adaptive (Re)Purpose Of Industrial Heritage Buildings In Massachusetts A Modular Strategy For Building A Community, Riya D. Premani Aug 2023

Adaptive (Re)Purpose Of Industrial Heritage Buildings In Massachusetts A Modular Strategy For Building A Community, Riya D. Premani

Masters Theses

A significant portion of a building’s carbon emission comes from the materials used to construct it, primarily through fabrication and assembly. According to the World Green Building Council, this is called embodied carbon, and it makes up to 49% of the total emissions from global construction. Thus, new energy-efficient buildings can take from 10-80 years of time to offset just the carbon used in construction. Combined with such amounts of construction and demolition waste, new construction can be viewed as a wasteful or even destructive practice. Adaptive reuse presents a promising alternative method for creating new space, without the emissions …


Evaluating Placemaking Strategies In Old Cairo Public Squares, Moaz St. Plazas., Aya Tarek Ibrahem Aya Tarek Jul 2023

Evaluating Placemaking Strategies In Old Cairo Public Squares, Moaz St. Plazas., Aya Tarek Ibrahem Aya Tarek

Future Engineering Journal

According to UN-Habitat (2015), “Public spaces are all places publicly owned or of public use, accessible and enjoyable by all for free and without profit motive” (p.1). The characteristics of public spaces mentioned in this definition, which are mainly public ownership of the place, enjoyability, and free accessibility by all, are pertinent to the uses of streets in general and pedestrian-friendly streets in specific.

Public space is more than well-designed physical places. It is an arena for social interaction and active citizenship that can spark social and economic development and drive environmental sustainability. The design, provision, and maintenance of well-connected …


Urban Memory Becomes An Idea In The Concept Of Spatial Planning (Study Case: Restoration Area Of Tambora District, West Jakarta), Riska Phillia, Antony Sihombing Jul 2023

Urban Memory Becomes An Idea In The Concept Of Spatial Planning (Study Case: Restoration Area Of Tambora District, West Jakarta), Riska Phillia, Antony Sihombing

Smart City

Urban heritage is a small part of the past of the city that holds the roots of the city's identity and culture, which are the city's identity. The strong identity of the historic area must be maintained, but this has a dilemma because of the need for change today. Therefore efforts are needed to create adaptive urban heritage areas. City spaces have a deep relationship with the people who inhabit them, with the most memorable or most memorable experiences and memories for them. This research contributes to exploring urban memory to develop conceptual spatial plans in restoration areas, using qualitative …


Taming The Brut: Education, Conservation And Advocacy, Ludmilla D. Pavlova-Gillham, Chandler Mccoy, Jean Carroon, Eric Corey Freed Jun 2023

Taming The Brut: Education, Conservation And Advocacy, Ludmilla D. Pavlova-Gillham, Chandler Mccoy, Jean Carroon, Eric Corey Freed

UMassBRUT Community

Is Brutalism part of your architectural biography? Midcentury public concrete buildings are easy to dislike, are demolished at an increasing rate, and comprise hundreds of millions of GSF . Join a panel of experts to discover how the conservation and adaptation of these “Bruts” is a principal strategy for climate action. Explore innovative solutions for Brutalist building reuse and conservation as part of a carbon zero initiative, learn how to develop an effective marketing and advocacy campaign for historic preservation, and learn why such advocacy matters for a circular economy and for the next generation of architects in practice.

LEARNING …


Liberdade Para Quem? - Layered Histories, Vanessa Shimada Jun 2023

Liberdade Para Quem? - Layered Histories, Vanessa Shimada

Masters Theses

Uncovering the spaces of Indigenous and Black stories, and creating spaces for dialogue in the Japanese neighborhood of Liberdade, São Paulo


The Design Of Consequences, Yuqi Tang Jun 2023

The Design Of Consequences, Yuqi Tang

Masters Theses

Young professionals entering the architecture industry face an imminent and abrupt realization of the disparity between their academic training and the reality of what a career in practice entails.

The architectural industry has long been susceptible to criticism for unpaid internships and overtime. The issue stems from an ambiguity of architectural practice as neither a service or an outcome product, isolating the perception of our work from constructors, lawyers, doctors and even artists, and making it difficult for design labor to be commodified, or for the value of design labor to be asserted, consolidated and fiscalized1. This thesis aims to …


Illusion Of Consumption, Architectural Rebellion: Unraveling The Maze Of Consumption, Xinjie Xiang Jun 2023

Illusion Of Consumption, Architectural Rebellion: Unraveling The Maze Of Consumption, Xinjie Xiang

Masters Theses

Consumerism was born in the industrial age, and has been criticized since that time, but it still exists and flourishes in new forms with the information age. Consumption affects values and life, spurring economic growth and causing ecological crises. Therefore, a critical discussion of consumerism must continue.

This thesis proposes a space within an existing mall that raises people's awareness to be vigilant against the control of consumerism by exposing how marketing packages goods and manipulates people's psychology to guide consumption. An ideal mall to host this program is the Changsha International Finance Square, a large mixed-use building in the …


Uncovering Emotional Contamination: Five Sites Of Trauma, Abigail Zola Jun 2023

Uncovering Emotional Contamination: Five Sites Of Trauma, Abigail Zola

Masters Theses

“Emotional contamination,” describes residual feelings associated with a space where a negative or tragic event occurred to an individual or group either personally, historically, or politically. Emotional contamination affects people’s associations with place and informs their willingness to spend time in them. This project considers a set of design principles rooted in uncovering and acknowledging the lifespan of a site, and considers how this acknowledgment can exist as an urban system rather than an individual architectural artifact. My thesis work analyzes five case studies in Berlin where political and economic factors determined the result of intervention, and how these sites …


You're Making Me Sentimental, Chris Geng Jun 2023

You're Making Me Sentimental, Chris Geng

Masters Theses

My project is a personal search for a different way to see the footprint we have left on the landscape. A way of seeing that finds potential in existing buildings without placing the building in the background, that instead engages sentiments in order to approach reuse as an act of layering that retains the memories of before. I went about uncovering the memories of a site through film photography, a process equally rooted in nostalgia and sentimentality. These images attempt to capture the beauty of melancholy and in turn, ask the architect and audience to slow down and contemplate as …


Water Relations, Understanding Our Relationship To Water: Through Research, Diagrams, And Glass, Tian Li Jun 2023

Water Relations, Understanding Our Relationship To Water: Through Research, Diagrams, And Glass, Tian Li

Masters Theses

As I observe the different ways human civilization interacts with water, I reflect on how I have interacted with it personally, in Califronia and Hawai’i. I also learn about the largest water-controlling infrastructure in China and its effects on the land and people. In Providence, I notice the infrastructure around the canal that keeps the water in. This relationship to water is unique to a post-colonial world where water is a commodity in which we spectate. What relationships did people have with water before we polluted the waters and created all this concrete infrastructure around it?

Through listening to Lorén …


Myths, Legends, And Landscapes, Oromia Jula Jun 2023

Myths, Legends, And Landscapes, Oromia Jula

Masters Theses

The concept of myth-making in architecture involves the use of narratives, symbolism, and cultural references to shape the meaning and experience of built spaces. These myths hold significance beyond the distinction between fiction and reality; they exist to provide explanations and hold great influence over our lives. Understanding a place and its identity requires an exploration of the narratives and beliefs associated with it, as they directly shape the physical environment. By embracing and incorporating these mythologies, designers and planners can create meaningful and authentic spaces that resonate deeply with people.

Communities, being socially constructed, rely on unifying narratives that …


We Have A (Home) - Co-Operative Homes For Sunset Park, Lisa Qiu Jun 2023

We Have A (Home) - Co-Operative Homes For Sunset Park, Lisa Qiu

Masters Theses

The thesis believes that the speculative nature of land as property is at the root of the rising cost of quality living space. The combination of profit-driven market force and policies has produced inequality in the accessibility of property ownership.This reality is entangled with a culture that perceives exclusive rights and private ownership as superior to sharing for almost everything, especially the home.

This project believes affordable urban density can be achieved in a city like New York by pushing forward a sense of possibility and desirability in collaborative efforts to create and manage homes. These homes will not be …


Appropriate That Bridge: Appropriation As A Way Of Intervention, Haochen Meng Jun 2023

Appropriate That Bridge: Appropriation As A Way Of Intervention, Haochen Meng

Masters Theses

Appropriation is an action of intervention in many fields, including legislation, culture and design. To appropriate something (or someplace) means to violate its original ownership and claim it, which in most cases is illegal. However, appropriation doesn’t have to be an illegal act: it can be permitted by the authority and become a “reuse” of an object or space. For example, street dining is often authorized by city governments, so they indicate a transition of the ownership of the street from the vehicles and pedestrians to the restaurants and diners. In architectural terms, appropriating a space (or structure) mostly equals …


Adding Subtraction: Wasting Time In Space, Daeun Kim Jun 2023

Adding Subtraction: Wasting Time In Space, Daeun Kim

Masters Theses

Architecture is designed to increase our productivity – think of features like uniform workspaces, straight pathways, or purely functional rooms arranged to optimize tasks. When forced into constant productivity, we gain efficiency, but we end up exhausted and disconnected from one another. We need to design subtraction spaces in our workspaces and everyday life, spaces that accommodate the feelings and dreams of the occupant: spaces where we can wander, wonder, feel, connect, relax, restore, and reset. By challenging the perception that time just moves on and cannot be controlled, people can shift time: they can start, reverse, break, accumulate, prolong, …


Decolonial Perspective On Fashion And Sustainability, Haisum Basharat Jun 2023

Decolonial Perspective On Fashion And Sustainability, Haisum Basharat

Masters Theses

The fashion industry has long been criticized for its exploitative practices, cultural appropriation, and detrimental impact on the environment. To address these challenges, there is a growing need to adopt a decolonial approach that acknowledges the historical injustices perpetuated by colonial systems and centers the voices, practices, and traditions of marginalized communities. This abstract presents a model that integrates decolonial principles into the fashion industry while incorporating traditional textile practices to promote local autonomy, cultural sustainability, and mitigate climate change.