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Introduction To Prefabrication And Automation In Construction, Luciana Debs, Jiansong Zhang, Yunfeng Chen 2021 Purdue University

Introduction To Prefabrication And Automation In Construction, Luciana Debs, Jiansong Zhang, Yunfeng Chen

School of Construction Management Technology Open Educational Resources

New developments and recent advances in construction methods have the potential to change the future of the architecture, engineering and construction industry. Prefabrication, along with modular construction, provides a safe and controlled environment for the production of building construction elements and raises the need for improved collaboration and coordination from design to manufacturing and from transportation to final assembly. Prefabrication also provides relief from the skilled construction labor shortage while opening up new opportunities for mass customization within the building industry. Prefabrication and modular construction automation are emerging expansion routes for the construction industry. In addition, integral to developing the …


Digital Construction And Bim Research In Ireland 2016-2020, Barry McAuley, Roger P. West, Alan V. Hore 2021 Technological University Dublin

Digital Construction And Bim Research In Ireland 2016-2020, Barry Mcauley, Roger P. West, Alan V. Hore

Conference papers

As the construction industry opens up post pandemic, new and significant challenges will demand considerable expertise, not least in financial viability, solving the housing crisis and facing the very significant climate change pressures to make the industry less wasteful and less carbon intensive. This presents an excellent opportunity to further inculcate aspects of lean construction, particularly BIM into many aspects of construction not traditionally associated with digital construction, provided the necessary expertise is available and known to exist. Following a well-received recent conference paper summarising BIM-related research published by academics in Ireland’s higher education institutions in 2020, this paper will …


Web-Based Ives For User Experience Evaluation In The Architecture Studio, Faithful Oladeji 2021 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Web-Based Ives For User Experience Evaluation In The Architecture Studio, Faithful Oladeji

Frameless

Research on the use of immersive virtual environments (IVEs) in architectural design has rapidly permeated the practice for the last few decades, largely driven by a single prospect: the possibility of sufficiently simulating the genuine interactions and experiences of a design well before it is actually built. The implications of this achievement when fully realized would revolutionize the profession, effectively igniting a new period of David Harvey’s space-time compression in the industry, such that IVEs would enable designers to, symbolically, cross temporal distances, and bring a legitimate experience of their final products to the present, at any point in their …


Determination Of The Total Phenolic Content, Total Antioxidant Capacity And Radical Scavenging Activity Of Jordanian Royal Jelly And Honey Samples, Hamed Takruri, Ranim Alkhedr 2021 The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan

Determination Of The Total Phenolic Content, Total Antioxidant Capacity And Radical Scavenging Activity Of Jordanian Royal Jelly And Honey Samples, Hamed Takruri, Ranim Alkhedr

Jerash for Research and Studies Journal مجلة جرش للبحوث والدراسات

Honey and royal jelly are two functional bee-hive products with antioxidant activity.This study aimed at investigating the total phenolic content, antioxidant capacity and radical scavenging activity of royal jelly, multiflora honey and citrus honey. Royal jelly, multiflora honey, and citrus honey samples were analyzed for the total phenolic content using Folin-Ciocalteau method, for total antioxidant capacity using FRAP assay. Also, DPPH assay was used for assessing radical scavenging activity. The results revealed that the total phenolic contents, the total antioxidant capacities, as well as DPPH scavenging activities of RJ were higher than those of Multifloral and citrus honey,. Furthermore, …


Physical To Virtual: A Model For Future Virtual Classroom Environments, Stephen J. Fink 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Physical To Virtual: A Model For Future Virtual Classroom Environments, Stephen J. Fink

Masters Theses

Virtual reality is a technology that has seen unprecedented growth since the turn of the century with increasing applications within business, entertainment, and educational applications. As virtual reality technologies continue to develops and markets expand, the world may see an increased demand for virtual classrooms: virtual environments (VEs) that students may access through immersive virtual reality technologies to receive guided instruction, conduct simulations, or perform tasks typical in a classroom setting. While many studies document how virtual reality is beneficial to educational processes, there is little discussion on how virtual environments should be architecturally designed. Thus one may hypothesize that …


Revitalización Urbana Sobre El Borde Marítimo. Propuestas De Diseño Urbano Y Arquitectónico En Tumaco - Nariño, Brian Camilo Zuleta Londoño 2021 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Revitalización Urbana Sobre El Borde Marítimo. Propuestas De Diseño Urbano Y Arquitectónico En Tumaco - Nariño, Brian Camilo Zuleta Londoño

Arquitectura

No abstract provided.


Lessons From The Classroom – Assessing The Work Of Postgraduate Students To Support Better Hygrothermal Risk Assessment, Joseph Little, Benat Arregi, Christian Bludau 2021 Technological University Dublin

Lessons From The Classroom – Assessing The Work Of Postgraduate Students To Support Better Hygrothermal Risk Assessment, Joseph Little, Benat Arregi, Christian Bludau

Conference papers

The widespread adoption of transient simulation modelling tools by building design professionals to support hygrothermal risk assessment of building design specifications is a crucial component in a multi-pronged drive to reduce moisture risk in buildings. Structured upskilling is essential. Much can be learnt about the ways practitioners use such tools by reviewing the work of professional postgraduate student groups. Such review could inform the creation of a user protocol. Peer-review under the responsibility of the organizing committee of the ICMB21.


Alternativas Espaciales, Técnicas Y Constructivas Para La Educación Básica Primaria En La Ruralidad, Edgar Andrés Matiz López, Daniel Alberto Galvis Duarte 2021 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Alternativas Espaciales, Técnicas Y Constructivas Para La Educación Básica Primaria En La Ruralidad, Edgar Andrés Matiz López, Daniel Alberto Galvis Duarte

Arquitectura

Esta nueva propuesta Arquitectónica contempla en principio, unas dinámicas que se adaptan de mejor manera al entorno rural, puesto que considera la autonomía del estudiante un factor a favor, dado que integra una dinámica educativa adaptable al entorno ya la cultura, variable que en el contexto colombiano es muy importante; bajo estos criterios se hace necesario contemplar que esta solución es transversal entre diferentes disciplinas, donde la arquitectura de igual manera es fundamental para poder lograr una solución efectiva puesto que permite generar unos espacios adecuados e integrales. por esta razón este trabajo contempla las determinantes rurales, los principios espaciales …


The Causes Of Surface Condensation And Mould, And The Responsibility Of Relevant Parties To Alleviate Them, Joseph Little 2021 Technological University Dublin

The Causes Of Surface Condensation And Mould, And The Responsibility Of Relevant Parties To Alleviate Them, Joseph Little

Reports

All over Ireland large numbers of people live in unsanitary conditions suffering poor indoor air quality, surface condensation and mould. Where the occupants are tenants the cause of the conditions and identification of the parties responsible can cause much stress. Condensation and mould growth on the internal surface of a room are caused by a combination of factors due to specific conditions. In severe cases, one of these factors may lead to surface condensation and/or mould growth, but in general, surface condensation and/or mould growth occurs when two or three of these occur together. Even though multiple causes and shared …


The Robotics Academy: An Immersive Learning Game For Training Industrial Roboticists, Shahin Vassigh, Eric Peterson, Biayna Bogosian, Jorge Tubella 2021 Florida International University

The Robotics Academy: An Immersive Learning Game For Training Industrial Roboticists, Shahin Vassigh, Eric Peterson, Biayna Bogosian, Jorge Tubella

Building Technology Educator's Society

Emerging technologies, including artificial intelligence (AI), robotics, digital fabrication, spatial computing, and immersive media such as Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR), are changing the employment landscape across a broad range of industries. It is anticipated that these technologies will enhance research and innovation, increase productivity, and spur new types of occupations and entrepreneurship. In the architecture, engineering, and construction (AEC) fields, automated building design with advanced software facilitating mass customization will change how buildings are designed. Robotics and automation, particularly in prefabrication and large-scale 3D printing of buildings is expected to change how buildings are built. Automation technology …


High Tech | Low Tech: Teaching Augmented Fabrication In The Zoom Era, Emily Baker 2021 University of Arkansas

High Tech | Low Tech: Teaching Augmented Fabrication In The Zoom Era, Emily Baker

Building Technology Educator's Society

High Tech | Low Tech: Experiments in Spatial Computing for Design and Fabrication was an advanced elective offered in online format in Fall 2020. The class sought both to introduce computational skills and lead students in explorations and discussions around the emerging potential of design and fabrication that incorporate augmented reality (AR). While AR and the free Fologram mobile app that connects to Rhino/Grasshopper were the central focus, the course content was meant to foster critical consideration of design technologies through history. A theme that emerged through the semester was a critique of the architect’s fascination with and reliance on …


The Impact Of Material Lifespan On Carbon Analysis, Tom Spector, Melissa Russell, Khaled Mansy, John Phillips, Jeanne Homer 2021 Oklahoma State University

The Impact Of Material Lifespan On Carbon Analysis, Tom Spector, Melissa Russell, Khaled Mansy, John Phillips, Jeanne Homer

Building Technology Educator's Society

Carbon impact estimation software programs have simplified the processes for evaluating the carbon contribution of proposed buildings and can be relatively accurate down to building assembly. However, the simplifying assumption that a building’s embodied carbon is entirely a function of the production and installation, while a building’s carbon-in-use is the province of a building’s operational life can lead to misleading results, and hence, faulty decisions, when the lifespans of a building’s individual materials differ greatly from the building’s lifespan. The primary study became a way to point out those disparities between material life expectancy and carbon impact by studying the …


Cross Institutional Vertical Studio Collaboration: Extending Boundaries During The Time Of Covid-19, Naomi Darling, Elisa Kim 2021 Mount Holyoke College/University of Massachusetts

Cross Institutional Vertical Studio Collaboration: Extending Boundaries During The Time Of Covid-19, Naomi Darling, Elisa Kim

Building Technology Educator's Society

This paper reflects upon a cross-institutional and multi-level studio collaboration developed in response to the mid-semester closures of Mount Holyoke College and Smith College during the spring 2020 Covid-19 pandemic. Our collaboration was a conscious effort to offer our students an educational opportunity driven by both the students’ and our own desires to meaningfully address the unfolding global pandemic. Within the context of the liberal arts, our focus was to continue to develop the technical capacities of our students, while providing opportunities for vertical collaboration as well as an additional layer of lateral collaboration exposing students to rapid design work …


Concrete Environments, Duane McLemore, Jacob Gines 2021 Mississippi State University

Concrete Environments, Duane Mclemore, Jacob Gines

Building Technology Educator's Society

Concrete Environments was a two-week design charette in the Fall 2019 3a Housing Studio at the School of Architecture at Mississippi State University. Students explored how architecture created with 3d Printed Concrete can relate to the concepts of dwelling, interaction, and meaning typically explored in the Housing Studio - in addition to examining the materials and geometry of Advanced Fabrication.

Working toward Project Goals, the students were challenged to not just meet Physical and Functional Constraints, but to use these to equally examine the project’s epistemology, phenomenology, and technology.

Seeking to understand the human body and its …


Farnsworth Redux; Reconsidering An Architectural Icon As A Passive Energy House, Craig Griffen 2021 Thomas Jefferson University

Farnsworth Redux; Reconsidering An Architectural Icon As A Passive Energy House, Craig Griffen

Building Technology Educator's Society

To strengthen the tenuous interdisciplinary connection between aesthetic design, building construction, digital representation and architectural history, this project spans two semesters in the building technology curriculum to address these topics simultaneously. Based on the pedagogy of adapting an iconic building to today’s standards, students integrated passive energy strategies into a famous but energy-flawed building; in this case the Farnsworth House by Mies Van der Rohe. Mies designed the home with a preference for concept over comfort, so the large expanses of unshaded glass and minimal insulation make it a challenge to heat and cool the house. The overall assignment was …


The Impact Of Different Building Assemblies On Thermal And Air Quality Performance: An Experimental Student Project In An Architectural Course Comparing City Building Code Versus Passivhaus Standard, Antonio Martinez-Molina, Kelsey Brown, Ibukun Awolusi, Miltiadis Alamaniotis 2021 University of Texas, San Antonio

The Impact Of Different Building Assemblies On Thermal And Air Quality Performance: An Experimental Student Project In An Architectural Course Comparing City Building Code Versus Passivhaus Standard, Antonio Martinez-Molina, Kelsey Brown, Ibukun Awolusi, Miltiadis Alamaniotis

Building Technology Educator's Society

Building technology can promote environmental sustainability and is a critical component of energy conservation. Well-functioning indoor microclimates do not only affect buildings, however—occupant health must also be considered. Recent research has demonstrated that sustainability and occupant health go hand-in-hand when designing or retrofitting a building. What is the best way to accomplish these goals and to effectively preserve a balance among architecture, efficiency, and health when designing and constructing new buildings? What is then the best approach to integrating this building technology knowledge into an architecture course? This research-educational project introduced an investigation of the effects of two different building …


Team Totemics, Peter Wong, David Thaddeus, Frances Hsu 2021 University of North Carolina, Charlotte

Team Totemics, Peter Wong, David Thaddeus, Frances Hsu

Building Technology Educator's Society

Team Totemics integrates the Surrealist cadavre exquis as a design strategy to advance remote learning and as a pedagogical tool for cultivating fellowship amongst students in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. Despite the immense significance of the integration of computational methods in design education, there remains a need for theorization and critical exposition of the interaction between building technology and digital making in online design pedagogy. Team Totemics creates materials for discussing, exhibiting, and demonstrating pedagogies based on the principle of multiple origins suggested by the exquisite corpse. The outcomes inform student learning and faculty research at the nexus …


Thinking Outside The Building, Sandy Stannard 2021 California Polytechnic State University

Thinking Outside The Building, Sandy Stannard

Building Technology Educator's Society

In response to the health crisis, they set up schools on abandoned ferries; classes were held on rooftops and in nearby forests.1

The above quote is not a description of contemporary educational spaces in response to the current COVID-19 pandemic. Rather, this is a description of outdoor learning environments established in response to the early 20th century tuberculosis crisis. At the time, there were 65 such outdoor classrooms established as alternative teaching and learning environments.2 However, once the health crisis subsided, learning returned indoors.

This paper will briefly trace the intermittent history of the design and use outdoor classrooms in …


Advanced Tall Buildings Systems Integration, Thomas Fowler IV, Kevin Dong 2021 Cal Poly State University, San Luis Obispo, CA

Advanced Tall Buildings Systems Integration, Thomas Fowler Iv, Kevin Dong

Building Technology Educator's Society

The 2020 Skyscraper Collaboratory was a partnership between Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo, California University’s interdisciplinary design studio (architecture and structural engineering) and the design / structural engineering partners from Skidmore, Owings & Merrill’s (SOM) San Francisco, California’s Office, an internationally acclaimed firm that specializes in skyscrapers. The academic design studio was set up to mirror the advanced collaborative practice model of the partner firm, by balancing the nine teams (34 students total) with architecture and engineering students and co taught by a faculty architect and structural engineer. No disciplinary hand offs were ever allowed during the iterative design and …


Quantitative Assessment Of Sun Louver Design Performance, Alexis Severson, Khaled Mansy, Tom Spector, John Phillips, Jeanne Homer 2021 Oklahoma State University

Quantitative Assessment Of Sun Louver Design Performance, Alexis Severson, Khaled Mansy, Tom Spector, John Phillips, Jeanne Homer

Building Technology Educator's Society

Conventional wisdom holds that carefully designed exterior louver systems tuned to a building’s earth latitude and its glass wall’s compass orientations do a better job of regulating sunlight than interior louver systems due to the intuition-friendly observation that exterior systems reflect or shade the sunlight before it ever enters the building. A multi-criteria, multi-variable analysis performed on a 3600 SF multipurpose space came to different conclusions. The results showed that when accounting for such design criteria as carbon footprint, glare, optimal daylighting and solar heat gain of the interior, tuned exterior louvers perform well against some measures but fared poorly …


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