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The Fundamentals And Obstacles Of Religious And Cultural Tourism Development In Hadhramout Governorate: A Case Study Of Tarim City, Abdulaziz Al-Naggar, Sabri Al-Tarimi, Fahd Jowher 2022 Hadhramout University, Yemen

The Fundamentals And Obstacles Of Religious And Cultural Tourism Development In Hadhramout Governorate: A Case Study Of Tarim City, Abdulaziz Al-Naggar, Sabri Al-Tarimi, Fahd Jowher

Journal of the Arab American University مجلة الجامعة العربية الامريكية للبحوث

This research discusses the fundamentals and obstacles of the religious and cultural tourism development in Hadhramout Governorate, as one of the most important types of tourism. The aim of this study was to determine the basic requirements needed by this type of tourism through studying the elements of developing the religious and cultural tourism in Tarim City. The city was chosen because of its famous palaces, castles, and historical forts. Tarim is also famous for its prominent scientific and religious center founded in the 4th century A.H., the presence of libraries, such as the Al-Kaf Library, the religious ...


Creating A Development Framework: A Generic Lens For Public Markets’ Analysis And Development In Integration With Their Zone Of Influence Revitalization, Nourhan Ahmed 2022 American University in Cairo

Creating A Development Framework: A Generic Lens For Public Markets’ Analysis And Development In Integration With Their Zone Of Influence Revitalization, Nourhan Ahmed

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis discusses how the development of public markets through a structured framework can be a catalyst for revitalizing its zone of influence. Public markets have always been marked by their rich experience, and their central role in towns, cities, and villages, as they have been vital engines for urban growth and cities formation since their prevalence. Needless to mention their role in entrepreneurship and their significance for the social development of neighborhoods. Nowadays, local governments are rediscovering the central role of public markets and are putting them under focus to catalyze the urban growth and neighborhoods revitalization by their ...


Multi-Criteria Contractor Selection Framework For Indian Construction Projects, Ambawrish Pati, Abhijit Rastogi, Virendra Kumar Paul 2022 School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi

Multi-Criteria Contractor Selection Framework For Indian Construction Projects, Ambawrish Pati, Abhijit Rastogi, Virendra Kumar Paul

International Journal of Advanced Technology in Civil Engineering

In this paper contractor selection practice in India has been analyzed in detail to find out the gaps in the prevailing system & also compared with the selection systems outside India. This study aims to develop a multi-criteria contractor selection framework that can incorporate multiple evaluation criteria along with the relative weightage.

In this study, it has been identified that in India, as per the guidelines the contractor selection in the case of most popular Design Bid Build (DBB) projects is done based on Least Cost Selection (LCS) only. In LCS, the final selection is based on cost or bid price ...


Sage Garden Pavilion Shade Structure, Anthony Razouk Karroum, Manuel Bermudez, Matthew Kilbride, Sarah Holt, Marisa Martineau 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Sage Garden Pavilion Shade Structure, Anthony Razouk Karroum, Manuel Bermudez, Matthew Kilbride, Sarah Holt, Marisa Martineau

Architectural Engineering

Form finding, testing, and construction of funicular double-layered shells in an interdisciplinary format with a focus on designing a shade structure for the San Luis Obispo Botanical Garden Children’s Pavilion. In the process, challenges such as connection design, materiality, storage, and more are explored and refined in relation to shell structures.


Caed Hasslein Student Competition, Greta R. Stout 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Caed Hasslein Student Competition, Greta R. Stout

Construction Management

This paper outlines the development of the first CAED Hasslein Student Competition at Cal Poly, SLO. The College of Architecture and Environmental Design at Cal Poly, SLO has not yet been successful in creating a platform to engage students of all five majors to collaborate in an educational atmosphere. This project aims to challenge students to work in teams made up of all five disciplines in a Request for Proposal-style competition. This paper focuses on how the idea of this competition came to be and the steps that were taken to successfully write the competition problem statement. These steps included ...


From Waste To Energy:   Reuse Of Landfills To Create Eco-Friendly Spaces, Maya Maasarani, Ayman Afify, Hiba Mohsen, Maged Youssef 2022 Master Student, Faculty of Architecture - Design and Built Environment, Beirut Arab University, Beirut, Lebanon

From Waste To Energy:   Reuse Of Landfills To Create Eco-Friendly Spaces, Maya Maasarani, Ayman Afify, Hiba Mohsen, Maged Youssef

BAU Journal - Creative Sustainable Development

Waste to Energy (W to E) minimize the amount of waste sent to landfill, which also reduces negative impacts on the environment. This problem has been a common occurrence since the beginning of time. Waste to Energy will assist in the creation of a low-carbon society. Currently, the challenge behind reaching Eco-friendly space is a result of the continuity of incineration and landfill uncontrolled Municipal Solid waste on slopes and seashore. This environmental disaster as worldwide landfill is oversaturated and can collapse at any moment and cause dangerous damage to the environment. The average trash production increased phenomenally worldwide, resulting ...


The Bridge Newsletter Spring 2022, Missouri University of Science and Technology 2022 Missouri University of Science and Technology

The Bridge Newsletter Spring 2022, Missouri University Of Science And Technology

The Bridge Newsletter

-CArEE faculty awarded Kummer Ignition Grants
-Geldert-Murphey poised to become ASCE’s 2023 president-elect
-Nine new members inducted during Academy of Civil Engineers 50th anniversary celebration
-Steel Bridge Team wins fourth consecutive regional competition, will compete at nationals


U.S. Army Medical Command’S Medical Treatment Facilities’ Response To Sars-Cov-2 (Covid-19), Seyedmohammad Ahmadshahi 2022 Clemson University

U.S. Army Medical Command’S Medical Treatment Facilities’ Response To Sars-Cov-2 (Covid-19), Seyedmohammad Ahmadshahi

All Theses

Starting in December 2019 to the current time in May 2022, COVID-19 was a devastating pandemic with approximately 440 million cases and 6 million deaths worldwide (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2021). The United States (US) with roughly 90 million cases and 1 million deaths (CDC, 2021) was one of the epicenters of the outbreak since the beginning. The pandemic has significantly impacted the health systems across the US with unpredictable surges of highly infectious patients with uncertain symptomology and acuity levels, requiring isolation and critical level of care (Brambilla et al., 2021).

Based on the findings from ...


History And Technique In Reinforce Concrete Formworks: A Study Of Pier Luigi Nervi Approach, Moritz Meditz 2022 Kennesaw State University

History And Technique In Reinforce Concrete Formworks: A Study Of Pier Luigi Nervi Approach, Moritz Meditz

Symposium of Student Scholars

The last hundred years in architecture and civil engineering have been widely dominated by the use of concrete, which became the second most consumed commodity after water. The traditional use of rigid, flat formwork panels has defined reinforced concrete members as a uniform cross-section, prismatic structural elements in both design codes and construction methods. These resultant shapes have become practically an inevitable conclusion for concrete constructions. This presentation focuses on alternative formwork construction looking at the work of engineer, architect and builder, Pier Luigi Nervi (1891–1979). Nervi was an adjunct professor at the University of Rome and a prolific ...


Exploring The Use Of Re-Forming Concrete, Moritz Meditz 2022 Kennesaw State University

Exploring The Use Of Re-Forming Concrete, Moritz Meditz

Bachelor of Architecture Theses - 5th Year

This thesis takes a closer look at concrete construction in the modern area and, more specifically, the use of formwork to shape the built environment.

Traditional rigid concrete formwork has been optimized for buildability while serving structural needs. This mentality means simple prismatic elements that are entirely overbuilt for the task, stacked on top or next to one another. The idea that these elements are the peak of efficiency in concrete production has informed virtually all modern concrete construction. Any shapes that vary from the simple prismatic volumes are seen as challenging to build and expensive. For the most part ...


Design Challenges Of Solving Circular Geometry In Residential Buildings, Rayan Zankar, Lana El-Kaaki, Jameel Fares 2022 5th Level Student, Faculty of Architecture - Design & Built Environment, Beirut Arab University, Lebanon

Design Challenges Of Solving Circular Geometry In Residential Buildings, Rayan Zankar, Lana El-Kaaki, Jameel Fares

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

A dimensional geometrical shape such as a circular shape has been established all throughout the history of building design planning in order to find out the suitable arrangements for the living spaces: One of the most unusual designs planning in architecture is circular planning. Moreover, residential buildings that contain a circular plan are not built that frequently as well, but they still are a part of architecture since prehistoric times. Unfortunately, there are significant issues in such buildings, such as a structural challenge within the design module with orientation problems. In other words, there is a missing of the optimum ...


Team Torroja, Justine Teoh, Lindsey Brophy, Brandon Watrin 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Team Torroja, Justine Teoh, Lindsey Brophy, Brandon Watrin

Architectural Engineering

For this project, we were tasked with designing a sun shelter by SLO Botanical Gardens for their Children's Garden. It was requested that the form by derived from structural shells. The structure is to serve as a multi-purpose space to host a variety of activities on the 30 foot by 60 foot site.


Population Growth Vs. Landfill Capacity Vs. Recycling Mandates In California Counties, Thomas Soares 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Population Growth Vs. Landfill Capacity Vs. Recycling Mandates In California Counties, Thomas Soares

Architectural Engineering

As population growth increases in Monterey, Fresno, Kern, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, and Ventura counties, so does waste production. More waste is a cause for concern because landfills have limited capacities. In order to combat the increase in waste, cities, counties, and the state are creating recycling mandates to ensure waste is being handled appropriately. More specifically, the trash generated by residents and construction and demolition (C&D) materials are being recycled and reused instead of thrown into landfills. This report indicates that increases in recycling mandates in California cannot withstand the increase in waste generation from population growth ...


Development Of The Human Scale Twelve-Node Model, Tebrez W. Khan 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Development Of The Human Scale Twelve-Node Model, Tebrez W. Khan

Architectural Engineering

The attempted creation of a full-scale twelve-node model made of PVC pipe and golf balls. Intended use of the structure was for students to tactically learn from the model.


Guastavino: Learn By Doweling, Audrey Luu, Gabrielle Favro, Robert Pulido, Cameron Grant 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Guastavino: Learn By Doweling, Audrey Luu, Gabrielle Favro, Robert Pulido, Cameron Grant

Architectural Engineering

We embarked on a journey into the world of shells this quarter! We began the process with form finding using rhino and grasshopper. Then made a study model using laser cutters to brainstorm ways to construct the real-life model. As a class, we completed two shell structures.


Arce 415 Portfolio, Jay Skaff, Audrey Williams, Sarah Tom 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Arce 415 Portfolio, Jay Skaff, Audrey Williams, Sarah Tom

Architectural Engineering

The purpose of this studio is to design a sun shelter for children at the SLO Botanical Gardens. It will be used for outdoor presentations and learning experiences. When coming up with the initial design of the shell structure for the SLO Botanical Gardens, the team needed to consider the material being used, the constructability of the structure, the people who would be using the structure, and the overall lifespan of the shell.


Funicular Shell Exploration: Form Finding And Fabrication, Alexis Truong, Adria Burton, Ethan Mach 2022 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Funicular Shell Exploration: Form Finding And Fabrication, Alexis Truong, Adria Burton, Ethan Mach

Architectural Engineering

Analysis and evaluation of interdisciplinary challenges associated with integrating the design and construction processes to deliver innovative thin shell structures.


Guidelines For Structural Optimization And Sustainable Retrofitting Of Re-Purposed Buildings Using Bim, Mina Maxi, Gehan Nagy, Mariam Ehab 2022 The British University in Egypt

Guidelines For Structural Optimization And Sustainable Retrofitting Of Re-Purposed Buildings Using Bim, Mina Maxi, Gehan Nagy, Mariam Ehab

Civil Engineering

Nowadays energy problems resulting from the building industry become very polluting along with the high expenses of the building operation. Designers tend to propose another solution which is the refurbishment of old buildings to be energy-optimized and more efficient. As a result, some solutions are addressed to prioritize keeping the architectural theme of the city as well as reducing land use. An extensive investigation is conducted to review past research approaches regarding energy optimization requirements as well as scoping on structural optimization through building refurbishment. Structural optimization resulting from structural repurposing is not studied in depth recently, as a result ...


Thermal Processors In The Walls Of External Brick Buildings, Ali Rubaia Bin Ali, Nadia Abdul-Sater Kandakji 2022 Department of Architecture & Environmental Planning Faculty of Engineering & Petroleum Hadhramout University

Thermal Processors In The Walls Of External Brick Buildings, Ali Rubaia Bin Ali, Nadia Abdul-Sater Kandakji

Hadhramout University Journal of Natural & Applied Sciences

The research raises urgent substantive issues related to finding foundations for the promotion and improvement of energy efficiency in buildings and structures. This research reviews a number of methodological solutions to improve the thermal protection properties in the exterior walls of brick buildings and discusses the issues of improving the use of high-tech facade systems, with a view to maintaining the quality of the indoor climate in the building spaces with minimal energy. The research methodology is based on scientific analysis of the best global experiences that address the walls of innovative buildings adapted to climate.


A Global Survey Of Infection Control And Mitigation Measures For Combating The Transmission Of Covid-19 Pandemic In Buildings Under Facilities Management Services, Hadi Sarvari, Zhen Chen, Daniel W. M. Chan, Ellyn A. Lester, Nordin Yahaya, Hala Nassereddine, Aynaz Lotfata 2022 Islamic Azad University, Iran

A Global Survey Of Infection Control And Mitigation Measures For Combating The Transmission Of Covid-19 Pandemic In Buildings Under Facilities Management Services, Hadi Sarvari, Zhen Chen, Daniel W. M. Chan, Ellyn A. Lester, Nordin Yahaya, Hala Nassereddine, Aynaz Lotfata

Civil Engineering Faculty Publications

Facilities management along with health care are two important aspects in controlling the spread of infectious diseases with regard to controlling the outbreak of global COVID-19 pandemic. Hence, with the increasing outbreak of COVID-19 pandemic, the importance of examining the relationship between the built environment and the outbreak of infectious diseases has become more significant. The aim of the research described in this article is to develop effective infection control and mitigation measures to prevent the transmission of COVID-19 pandemic in the built environment. This study seeks to answer the question of how the facilities management industry can help reduce ...


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