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The Integrated Alien: Chinese In The American West And Their Political And Legal Responses To Mob Violence, 1885-1886., Gabriel Lanham Jun 2017

The Integrated Alien: Chinese In The American West And Their Political And Legal Responses To Mob Violence, 1885-1886., Gabriel Lanham

History Undergraduate Theses

In the literature on anti-Chinese violence in the American West during the 1880s, the depiction of Chinese immigrants is often limited to that of a faceless group, the pawns in an American political struggle that they neither understood nor had agency in. This historical interpretation of the Chinese as a people entirely alien to their communities is largely based on an over-reliance on contemporary white sources while ignoring Chinese accounts. Many contemporary whites were unwilling to honestly describe their relationship with Chinese immigrants, either because of racial bias or because of the threat of mob violence against those perceived as ...


Abuse To Acceptance: Cleveland's Italian Community From 1880-1920, Isabel Robertson Jun 2017

Abuse To Acceptance: Cleveland's Italian Community From 1880-1920, Isabel Robertson

Undergraduate Research and Arts Exposition

Each successive wave of immigrants to America has faced prejudice founded in fear and uncertainty. Immigrants from Italy were particularly discriminated against in the early years of their arrival, from 1880 through 1920. They faced violence, racial slurs, and media attacks based on an unsubstantiated stereotype of criminality. This project set out to discern how the Italian immigrant community in America, through the case study of the city of Cleveland, evolved from being despised and racialized to being accepted as white Americans. Archival research, historical newspaper articles, and manuscripts such as letters and Americanization pamphlets largely inform the writing, in ...


Land Of Women: Basilicata, Emigration, And The Women Who Remained Behind, 1880-1914, Victoria Calabrese Jun 2017

Land Of Women: Basilicata, Emigration, And The Women Who Remained Behind, 1880-1914, Victoria Calabrese

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Between 1880 and 1914, millions of Italians emigrated to all corners of the globe in hopes of earning better wages and forging a better life for themselves and for their families. This dissertation examines the role of the women left behind in the Italian region of Basilicata when their husbands emigrated, and the political, social, economic, and legal changes they experienced in their absence. During the Liberal Period, women had few political rights, and married women were dependent on their husbands, but being left on their own put them in a unique position. I argue that the Southern Italian women ...


"Cracks In The Melting Pot": Native Americans, Military Service And Citizenship, Brittany A. Kelley Jun 2017

"Cracks In The Melting Pot": Native Americans, Military Service And Citizenship, Brittany A. Kelley

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

This paper focuses on Native American military service in Euro-American Wars. It analyzes their reasons for fighting and compares those reasons to the reasons of other racial and ethnic groups. This paper explores how certain racial and ethnic groups are marginalized and “otherized” and how they occasionally attempt to assimilate into mainstream society through military service. Irish Americans and African Americans viewed the Civil War in this way, while Native Americans hoped they would be able to improve their individual situations. Native Americans fought for purposes of assimilation and citizenship in World War I, and while they were technically granted ...


Pop-Culture Politics: How Cable News Created The Tea Party, Trump, And A Fake Populist Movement, Cole Souder May 2017

Pop-Culture Politics: How Cable News Created The Tea Party, Trump, And A Fake Populist Movement, Cole Souder

History Theses

The populist tradition in the United States originated in the nineteenth century with the Populist Party. Since, political movements in the United States and across the globe have been declared populist for their anti-elite, nostalgic message. Most recently, the Donald Trump campaign for president was declared populist because of a perceived economic message that contradicted traditional conservative ideology. However, Trump's movement was not the grassroots sort that he presented it to be. Rather, his was an extension of a particular, socially and culturally motivated faction of the Tea Party. This faction was radicalized in the first decade of the ...


The Social Impact Of The Misconceptions Surrounding Tuberculosis, Sarah A. Lauer May 2017

The Social Impact Of The Misconceptions Surrounding Tuberculosis, Sarah A. Lauer

Iowa Historical Review

This paper addresses many of the misconceptions surrounding tuberculosis in three different time periods: ancient times, the Middle Ages, and the 19th-20th centuries, and explains the social ramifications caused by the lack of understanding.


The Politics Of Paternalism: New England’S Textile Industry From Corporate Capitalism To The Second Red Scare, Kelsey Murphy May 2017

The Politics Of Paternalism: New England’S Textile Industry From Corporate Capitalism To The Second Red Scare, Kelsey Murphy

Honors Program Theses and Projects

No abstract provided.


A Charitable Scheme: William Smith, Michael Schlatter, And The German Free Schools, Daniel M. Crown May 2017

A Charitable Scheme: William Smith, Michael Schlatter, And The German Free Schools, Daniel M. Crown

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

This thesis describes William Smith’s development of “German Free Schools” in Pennsylvania between 1753-1755. It argues that these schools, ostensibly meant to acclimatize German immigrants to a British colony, were in fact intended to increase pro-Proprietary sympathy, isolate sectarian preachers, and end Quaker dominance over the Pennsylvania General Assembly.


Immersion Schools And Language Learning: A Review Of Cherokee Lanugage Revitalization Efforts Among The Eastern Band Of Cherokee Indians, Elizabeth Albee May 2017

Immersion Schools And Language Learning: A Review Of Cherokee Lanugage Revitalization Efforts Among The Eastern Band Of Cherokee Indians, Elizabeth Albee

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


"A Corps Of Much Service:" The German Regiment Of The Continental Army, John B. Weaver Apr 2017

"A Corps Of Much Service:" The German Regiment Of The Continental Army, John B. Weaver

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The German Regiment was a unit raised for service in the Continental Army in the summer of 1776 from among the ethnic German populations of Pennsylvania and Maryland, which saw service in late 1776 at the Battle of Trenton and in early 1777 at the Battles of Assunpink Creek (Second Trenton) and Princeton. This thesis to examines the role of the regiment from the time it was raised to the aftermath of the campaign in New Jersey and Pennsylvania in late 1776 and 1777, emphasizing the social makeup of the regiment's officers and men, and its place as an ...


They Were Never Silent, You Just Weren't Listening: Buffalo's Black Activists In The Age Of Urban Renewal, Domonique Griffin Apr 2017

They Were Never Silent, You Just Weren't Listening: Buffalo's Black Activists In The Age Of Urban Renewal, Domonique Griffin

Senior Theses and Projects

“They Were Never Silent” will explore the inner workings and impact of both top-down and bottom-up approaches to Urban Renewal for African Americans in the city of Buffalo. For decades, government funded projects that arose in the name of “saving” inner-cities have been guilty of concentrating poverty into centralized areas, directing monies toward downtown development that dislocated families, excessive housing clearance, and modernizing segregation in the form of public housing projects. However, we have yet to fully explore how black community members crafted their own visions of a revitalized city. Many of the most significant bottom-up Urban Renewal developments have ...


Neither Here Nor There: Northern Ireland, Myth, And The People In Between, Amanda L. Judge Mar 2017

Neither Here Nor There: Northern Ireland, Myth, And The People In Between, Amanda L. Judge

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Northern Ireland is often portrayed in political, journalistic, and academic literature as having two main communities – Catholic/Irish/nationalist/republicans and Protestant/British/unionist/loyalists. This study argues that there is a Third Community in Northern Ireland that consists of political moderates, those who resist categorization into these two communities, and those who consistently defy traditional communal boundaries. Through an examination of primary and secondary sources, including political party literature, the press, web sites, poetry, short stories, music, and important academic studies, this community is depicted in great detail. It has a history and a mythology in addition to its ...


Book Review: Paul Andrew Hutton, The Apache Wars: The Hunt For Geronimo, The Apache Kid, And The Captive Boy Who Started The Longest War In American History, 2016., Stan Prager Mar 2017

Book Review: Paul Andrew Hutton, The Apache Wars: The Hunt For Geronimo, The Apache Kid, And The Captive Boy Who Started The Longest War In American History, 2016., Stan Prager

Saber and Scroll

A review of Paul Andrew Hutton's The Apache Wars: The Hunt for Geronimo, the Apache Kid, and the Captive Boy Who Started the Longest War in American History.


Robert Morris: Lawyer & Activist, Laurel Davis Feb 2017

Robert Morris: Lawyer & Activist, Laurel Davis

Rare Book Room Exhibition Programs

Exhibition program from a Spring 2017 exhibit presented in the Daniel R. Coquillette Rare Book Room at the Boston College Law Library. The exhibit explored the life and career of Robert Morris, the second African-American lawyer in the Unites States. Materials from the John J. Burns Library at Boston College and the Boston Athenaeum were featured.


Civil Rights Gone Wrong: Racial Nostalgia, Historical Memory, And The Boston Busing Crisis In Contemporary Children’S Literature, Lynnell L. Thomas Jan 2017

Civil Rights Gone Wrong: Racial Nostalgia, Historical Memory, And The Boston Busing Crisis In Contemporary Children’S Literature, Lynnell L. Thomas

American Studies Faculty Publication Series

On May 14, 2014, three white Boston city councilors refused to vote to approve a resolution honoring the sixtieth anniversary of Brown v. the Board of Education because, as one remarked, “I didn’t want to get into a debate regarding forced busing in Boston.” Against the recent national proliferation of celebrations of civil rights milestones and legislation, the controversy surrounding the fortieth anniversary of the court decision that mandated busing to desegregate Boston public schools speaks volumes about the historical memory of Boston’s civil rights movement. Two highly acclaimed contemporary works of children’s literature set during or ...


Overstating And Misjudging The Prospects Of Civil War: The Ulster Volunteer Force And The Irish Volunteers In The Home Rule Crisis, 1912-1914, Julia Birgen Jan 2017

Overstating And Misjudging The Prospects Of Civil War: The Ulster Volunteer Force And The Irish Volunteers In The Home Rule Crisis, 1912-1914, Julia Birgen

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In 1914, as Europe marched towards war, the British government focused on internal issues in Ireland. The Government of Ireland Act 1914 passed the House of Commons and would have allowed for a limited power parliament in Dublin to control Irish issues. Militia’s formed in Ireland in reaction to the bill. The Irish Volunteers, in favor of the bill, swore to uphold the law, while the Ulster Volunteer Force vowed to stop the law at any cost. The British government feared both of these paramilitaries. This thesis explores the threat posed by these militias and their effects on Britain ...


Proposition 187: California's Fear Of Immigration, Tyler Larsen Jan 2017

Proposition 187: California's Fear Of Immigration, Tyler Larsen

Student Theses, Papers and Projects (History)

In 1994, the state of California was still recovering from an economic recession that most of the United States had already pulled itself out of. In that same year the 36th governor of California, Pete Wilson, was running for re-election against his democratic opponent. A ballot initiative was put forward called Proposition 187 by the state legislature. This proposed proposition was introduced as the “Save Our State” initiative to prohibit undocumented immigrants from using non-emergency health care, public education, and other social services through citizenship screening. This law was in effect for three days as it was blocked by ...


The Ginney Block: Reminiscences Of An Italian-American Dead-End Street Kid, Edward A. D'Alessandro Jan 2017

The Ginney Block: Reminiscences Of An Italian-American Dead-End Street Kid, Edward A. D'Alessandro

Cleveland Memory

Long before Progressive Field, the area just south of downtown was the site of the Haymarket district, the Central Market and parts of the Big Italy neighborhood. Edward D'Alessandro lived in "the Ginney Block," an Italian immigrant apartment building, until the new Cleveland Union Terminal construction project demolished it in 1928.


Ely Wine Bars Menu 2017, Ely Wine Bar Jan 2017

Ely Wine Bars Menu 2017, Ely Wine Bar

Menus of the 21st Century

16 years ago, ely wine bar at 22 Ely Place, is where it all began. Erik and Michelle Robson opened ely wine bar and in the process changed the way in which wine was sold in Ireland. Passionate about wine, always respectful of its traditions and culture but always with an eye on what's great now. Today ely lists over 500 wines by bottle and 80 wines by the glass.

ely has always focused on the importance of provenance and the community of our artisan producers and suppliers, who enhance the quality of our food experience. There's never ...


L Mulligan Grocer Menu 2017, L Mulligan Grocer Jan 2017

L Mulligan Grocer Menu 2017, L Mulligan Grocer

Menus of the 21st Century

At L. Mulligan. Grocer, we believe Irish produce is special and worth celebrating. We are particularly keen on whiskey, beer, food and gin and love sharing our old favourites and new discoveries with people.

Our whiskey, beer and food menus are seasonal and change regularly. Each of our main courses are matched with a beer or cider and our desserts are matched with a whiskey.

Our monthly charity quiz is held the last Sunday of each month and covers all manner of esoteric subjects: collective nouns, Eurovision, Greek mythology and 1980s cartoon supervillians.

We run regular tasting events in the ...


"Our Captain Is A Gentleman”: Officer Elections Among Virginia Confederates, 1861-1862, Ryan C. O'Hallahan Jan 2017

"Our Captain Is A Gentleman”: Officer Elections Among Virginia Confederates, 1861-1862, Ryan C. O'Hallahan

Theses and Dissertations

Enlisted soldiers preferred to elect company- and regimental-level officers during the first year of the American Civil War. This thesis explores how early Confederate mobilization, class conflict between elites and non-elites, and Confederate military policies affected officer elections from spring 1861 to spring 1862 among Virginia Confederates. Chapter 1 explores how the chaotic nature of mobilization and common soldiers' initial expectations regarding their military service influenced elections from April 1861 until late July 1861. Chapter 2 details the changing nature of elections as elite officers faced challenges from non-elites and Confederate policies regarding furloughs and conscription forced officers to reconcile ...


Labor Of Love: Prostitutes And Civic Engagement In Leadville, Colorado, 1870 - 1915, Darby G. Simmons Jan 2017

Labor Of Love: Prostitutes And Civic Engagement In Leadville, Colorado, 1870 - 1915, Darby G. Simmons

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Prostitutes occupy a special place in Western mythology and are often romanticized and vilified alongside the cowboy, outlaw, and miner when imagining old western boomtowns. In actuality, prostitutes were a fixture to almost every Colorado boomtown during the flush years, perhaps most notably in the town of Leadville. However, when the "horizontal fun" had passed and the "heart of gold" had lost its shine, what impact had the ladies of the night truly made on their society? Exploring the subject by way of a tri­partite chronology tracing prostitution in Leadville through the stages of initial toleration, growing challenge and ...


Lost Boys And Girls: Navigating Experience And Identity During Operation Pedro Pan, Caleb M. Still Jan 2017

Lost Boys And Girls: Navigating Experience And Identity During Operation Pedro Pan, Caleb M. Still

University Honors Program Theses

Over 14,000 unaccompanied children came from Cuba to the United States during Operation Pedro Pan. Once they arrived they were faced with an entirely new living situation and were forced to adapt. One of the remaining similarities to their Cuban home was the Catholic Church. The Church played a significant role in shaping these children’s fluid concept of their ethnic, national, and religious identities. Previous scholarship has not addressed the role of the Church in the program or the issue of the fluidity of identity among these children. This study builds on the existing scholarship and aims to ...


"The Church Or The Wheel?" Religious Institutions Respond To The American Bicycle Boom, Christopher A. Sweet Dec 2016

"The Church Or The Wheel?" Religious Institutions Respond To The American Bicycle Boom, Christopher A. Sweet

Christopher A. Sweet

“These bladder-wheel bicycles are diabolical devices of the demon of darkness.” Thus railed a Baltimore preacher against the massive wave of popularity for the safety bicycle in the mid-1890s. From a 21st century perspective it seems quaint that American religious institutions felt threatened by something so mundane as bicycles. At the time though, easy-to-ride and relatively cheap safety bicycles presented a direct challenge to many established cultural and social norms. Women cyclists gained independent mobility and were able to press for dress reform. Physical health became a priority for city-dwellers. Christian churches and pastors primarily criticized the bicycle for encouraging ...


Britain And The Anglo-Saxons In Late Antiquity, Todd Morrison Dec 2016

Britain And The Anglo-Saxons In Late Antiquity, Todd Morrison

History ETDs

This thesis concerns the final century of Roman Britain, the continental origins of its medieval Germanic invaders, and the socio-political situation in sub-Roman Britain in the fifth and sixth centuries. Multiple issues are discussed in each of these three broad areas, including the effects of the Diocletian Reforms on Britain, fourth-century urban decay, the first-century origins of the Saxons among the piratical Chauci tribe, and the continued existence of Roman institutions in Britain into the early Middle Ages. Furthermore, the reasons the Anglo-Saxons did not assimilate into Roman culture like their counterparts on the continent, making medieval England an essentially ...


Lincoln County - Place Names, Robert M. Rennick Dec 2016

Lincoln County - Place Names, Robert M. Rennick

Robert M. Rennick Manuscript Collection

Place names of Lincoln County, Kentucky.


American Muslims: How The “American Creed” Fosters Assimilation And Pluralism, James R. Moore Dec 2016

American Muslims: How The “American Creed” Fosters Assimilation And Pluralism, James R. Moore

Cultural Encounters, Conflicts, and Resolutions

This article examines the status of American Muslims in the United States in relationship to other cultural groups and some of the widespread stereotypes that plague Muslims in contemporary society. Much has been written about the discrimination faced by Muslims, particularly after the September 11, 2001 attacks, spawned by religious, racial, and ethnic bigotry. Some polls show many Americans harbor some prejudices against Muslims, but these prejudices have not resulted in widespread violence or discrimination; although there has been some violence and discrimination experienced by some Muslims, the empirical data show that the majority of American Muslims are very successful ...


Teaching Secondary Mathematics And Science Contents Embedded In Historical And Cultural Contexts: Challenges And Possibilities, Roland Pourdavood Dec 2016

Teaching Secondary Mathematics And Science Contents Embedded In Historical And Cultural Contexts: Challenges And Possibilities, Roland Pourdavood

Cultural Encounters, Conflicts, and Resolutions

Many preservice teachers come to understand that they must cross the boundaries of their own familiar cultural and historical contexts in order to meet the needs of diverse students. This qualitative and descriptive study examines the evolution of secondary preservice teachers’ views on teaching and learning mathematics and science in historical and cultural contexts. Data were collected throughout participants’ enrollment in a semester-long course entitled Perspectives on Science and Mathematics, which is taken in conjunction with student teaching. Data sources included university classroom observations, preservice teachers’ verbal and written responses to class discussions, reading assignments, and course activities. Common themes ...


Gender Reflections: A Reconsideration Of Pictish Mirror And Comb Symbols, Traci N. Billings Dec 2016

Gender Reflections: A Reconsideration Of Pictish Mirror And Comb Symbols, Traci N. Billings

Theses and Dissertations

The interpretation of prehistoric iconography is complicated by the tendency to project

contemporary male/female gender dichotomies into the past. Pictish monumental stone sculpture

in Scotland has been studied over the last 100 years. Traditionally, mirror and comb symbols

found on some stones produced in Scotland between AD 400 and AD 900 have been interpreted

as being associated exclusively with women and/or the female gender. This thesis re-examines

this assumption in light of more recent work to offer a new interpretation of Pictish mirror and

comb symbols and to suggest a larger context for their possible meaning. Utilizing the ...


General Charles Lord Cornwallis And The British Southern Strategy, Anne Midgley Nov 2016

General Charles Lord Cornwallis And The British Southern Strategy, Anne Midgley

Saber and Scroll

General Charles Lord Cornwallis’s temper snapped—as did the sword blade upon which he was leaning—as he listened to a humbled Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton relate to him the details of his defeat at a backwoods pasture known as Hannah’s Cowpens. The American rebels, led by Brigadier General Daniel Morgan, had trounced the British. Tarleton’s losses were appalling, perhaps as high as eighty percent of the men he had led into battle, which represented nearly twenty-five percent of the army led by Cornwallis. Tarleton left behind over one hundred dead and nearly eight hundred men whom ...