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2012

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Supporting Caste: The Origins Of Racism In Colonial Virginia, Patrick D. Anderson Dec 2012

Supporting Caste: The Origins Of Racism In Colonial Virginia, Patrick D. Anderson

Grand Valley Journal of History

In 17th century Virginia, lower class whites and blacks coordinated on multiple occasions to resist the power of the ruling class elites. By the late 19th century, white laborers viewed the newly freed slaves through racist precepts and the two groups clashed on a regular basis. The aim of this essay is to explain how the shift from racial solidarity to racial antagonism occurred. Racist ideology originated in the minds of the elites and they attempted to separate the restless lower class along racial lines, first, by legal reforms, second, by creating a separate class of enslaved blacks. Anti-black racism ...


He Honored Death, Too: The Subterranean Life Of Jack Kerouac, Christopher Wayne Dec 2012

He Honored Death, Too: The Subterranean Life Of Jack Kerouac, Christopher Wayne

History Theses

Regarded as the founder of the Beat Generation, Jack Kerouac is upheld as a symbol of post-war freedom and opportunity in America, a precursor of the cultural shift of the 1960s. This paper is an exploration of the lesser known traits of Kerouac: qualities that are in conflict with the persona that is most closely associated with the author. The thesis begins with an examination of Kerouac’s childhood in Lowell, Massachusetts, and his exposure to those traits he adopted in adulthood, and chronicles events in his life that display his subversive character. The main argument of the thesis is ...


Time Lines Fall 2012, Teri Rombaut Oct 2012

Time Lines Fall 2012, Teri Rombaut

History Newsletters

The Fall 2012 edition of Time Lines recognizes the successes of our students and the activities of our faculty and alumni, and offers news of two recent initiatives: the development of a new concentration in public history, and our new summer study abroad program in Maynooth.

Volume 25


An Insider's Guide To Notre Dame Law School 2012, Notre Dame Law School Oct 2012

An Insider's Guide To Notre Dame Law School 2012, Notre Dame Law School

About the Law School

We are thrilled to be among the first to receive you into our family. We know that this is an exciting time for you and that, if you are anything like we were just a couple of years ago, you probably have plenty of questions about law school and Notre Dame. That's why we've prepared the Guide. We hope it will answer many of your questions and that it will provide a window into Notre Dame Law School. We also hope that once you look through that window, you'll be as eager to join us as we ...


Girls "In Trouble": A History Of Female Adolescent Sexuality In The Midwest, 1946-1964, Charissa Keup Oct 2012

Girls "In Trouble": A History Of Female Adolescent Sexuality In The Midwest, 1946-1964, Charissa Keup

Dissertations (2009 -)

This dissertation attempts to show how Americans reacted to adolescent female sexuality, looking specifically at unwed school-age pregnancy in the post-World War Two decades. It documents the origins of the transition of the conversation about unwed teens from caring for them in maternity homes and boarding houses to discussing their problems on television shows and in popular magazines. Teenage sexual delinquency and pregnancy have always raised innumerable questions about American culture and values. Because they challenged the traditional concept of motherhood, they offer a lens through which to study American sexuality and reveal that an alternate 1950s existed beyond the ...


Interview With Pearl Perguson Regarding Her Life (Fa 154), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Aug 2012

Interview With Pearl Perguson Regarding Her Life (Fa 154), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

FA Oral Histories

Transcription of an interview with Pearl Perguson conducted by Kevin Eans for an oral history project titled "A Generation Remembers, 1900-1949." Perguson discusses her life and times, including information about social life and reactions to national events in the small town of Horse Branch, Ohio County, Kentucky.


Judge Willis In Port Phillip: 1841-1843, Christopher Brien Aug 2012

Judge Willis In Port Phillip: 1841-1843, Christopher Brien

Theses

Aims: This thesis aims to identify why John Walpole Willis, the first resident judge of the Supreme Court of New South Wales for the district of Port Phillip (now Melbourne), was removed from office in 1843. Willis subsequently appealed to the Privy Council. In 1846 the Privy Council upheld the appeal on the grounds that he should have been given an opportunity to respond to the complaints. Yet in spite of this, Willis was removed from judicial office for good reason. How can Willis's amoval be reconciled with the success of his appeal? It is the argument of this ...


Paper Towns: Sense Of Place In Industrial, Small-Town New England, 1869-1927, David William Deacon Aug 2012

Paper Towns: Sense Of Place In Industrial, Small-Town New England, 1869-1927, David William Deacon

History - Dissertations

After the Civil War, new technologies and business structures transformed the American economy and society. One area that has received much attention in the antebellum period but much less after the Civil War, is small town New England. In the late 1860s, the introduction of wood pulp paper technology transformed formerly small market and manufacturing communities into centers of heavy industry. This dissertation is a study of this transformation. It focuses on three communities: Bellows Falls, Vermont, Franklin, New Hampshire, and Turners Falls, Massachusetts.

This study examines four broad areas: the historical background of the towns, and townspeople's awareness ...


From Confederate Expatriates To New South Neo-Filibusters: Major Edward A. Burke And The Americas, Michael Powers Aug 2012

From Confederate Expatriates To New South Neo-Filibusters: Major Edward A. Burke And The Americas, Michael Powers

All Theses

The traditional historiography of the American South presents the New South creed as a vision emphasizing national reconciliation based upon the advancement of Southern commerce and industry. In addition, scholars broadly define New South spokesmen as men who came to maturity after the Civil War and did not involve themselves in state or national politics. An examination of Major Edward Austin Burke, however, reveals that at least one pivotal New South booster was a Confederate veteran and leading political figure; it also suggests the presence of an international component inherent in the New South paradigm of the 1880s. It is ...


Secular Damnation: Thomas Jefferson And The Imperative Of Race, Robert P. Forbes May 2012

Secular Damnation: Thomas Jefferson And The Imperative Of Race, Robert P. Forbes

Torrington Articles

Race, we are told, is a “social construction.” If this is so, Thomas Jefferson was its principal architect. Jefferson consciously framed his only published book, Notes on the State of Virginia, to check the rising status of Africans and to combat growing critiques of slavery from America’s European friends. Jefferson did this by importing the slaveholder’s sense of slaves as chattel into an Enlightenment world view, providing a metaphysical foundation for prejudice by transmuting the traditional Christian concept of the saved vs. the damned into material and aesthetic terms. Recasting in quasi-scientific language the ancient doctrine of the ...


Anonymous Narrator, Ellen Hoffman May 2012

Anonymous Narrator, Ellen Hoffman

Oral Histories

As an Ohio native that became actively involved in her Native heritage later in life, my narrator presents an interesting perspective. She is an urban Indian, never having lived on a reservation. She was raised Catholic and attended Catholic schools. Her story is a testament to the fact that even Native Americans that do not grow up with a strong tie to their Native heritage can go on to become very involved and influenced by Native activity.


The 1868 St. Landry Massacre: Reconstruction's Deadliest Episode Of Violence, Matthew Christensen May 2012

The 1868 St. Landry Massacre: Reconstruction's Deadliest Episode Of Violence, Matthew Christensen

Theses and Dissertations

The St. Landry Massacre is representative of the pervasive violence and intimidation in the South during the 1868 presidential canvass and represented the deadliest incident of racial violence during the Reconstruction Era. Southern conservatives used large scale collective violence in 1868 as a method to gain political control and restore the antebellum racial hierarchy. From 1865-1868, these Southerners struggled against the federal government, carpetbaggers, and Southern black populations to gain this control, but had largely failed in their attempts. After the First Reconstruction Act of March, 1867 forced Southern governments to accept universal male suffrage, Southern conservatives utilized violence and ...


The Records Of The Asylum For Orphan Girls, Arthur Mitchell Fraas May 2012

The Records Of The Asylum For Orphan Girls, Arthur Mitchell Fraas

Unique at Penn

Extended essay on UPenn Ms. Codex 1623 in four parts. The essay discusses a 2012 manuscript acquisition of the University of Pennsylvania Libraries which details the early history of the Orphan's Asylum at Lambeth. See attached spreadsheet for a list of Girls who entered the Asylum 1758-1760.


Dancing With A Literary Devil: The Rushdie Affair In Britain, Arjun Mishra May 2012

Dancing With A Literary Devil: The Rushdie Affair In Britain, Arjun Mishra

Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects

This paper studies the Rushdie Affair, which gripped the world from 1988-1990 and at its height included a death sentence from the Ayatollah of Iran to a British subject. The Rushdie Affair was a series of events that began with the publication of The Satanic Verses by Salman Rushdie, a critically acclaimed British-Indian novelist. The situation spiraled out of control from there, as Muslims throughout the world claimed offense to what they perceived as insults to Islam and the Prophet Muhammad. The Rushdie Affair came to be characterized by violent riots in Pakistan and India, censures throughout the world, and ...


A “Christian America” Restored: The Rise Of The Evangelical Christian School Movement In America, 1920-1952, Robert G. Slater May 2012

A “Christian America” Restored: The Rise Of The Evangelical Christian School Movement In America, 1920-1952, Robert G. Slater

Doctoral Dissertations

Finding the origins and causes of the twentieth century evangelical Christian school movement in America during the years 1920-1952 was the subject of this study. Numerous primary and secondary sources were utilized. Primary sources consisted of original minutes of the proceedings of the National Education Association, the National Union of Christian Schools, and the National Association of Evangelicals. In addition, numerous evangelical publications of this era such as Moody Monthly, The Sunday School Times, and United Evangelical Action were consulted. From within the movement original sources such as Christian School Statistics, The Christian Teacher, and The National Association of Christian ...


Paradise Found: Religiosity And Reform In Oberlin, Ohio, 1833-1859, Matthew Hintz May 2012

Paradise Found: Religiosity And Reform In Oberlin, Ohio, 1833-1859, Matthew Hintz

All Theses

Founded as a quasi-utopian society by New England evangelists, Oberlin became the central hub of extreme social reform in Ohio's Western Reserve. Scholars have looked at Oberlin from political and cultural perspectives, but have placed little emphasis on religion. That is to say, although religion is a major highlight of secondary scholarship, few have placed the community appropriately in the dynamic of the East and West social reform movement. Historians have often ignored, or glossed over this important element and how it represented the divergence between traditional orthodoxy in New England and Middle-Atlantic states, and the new religious hybrids ...


A Scandal In Britain: The Mary Anne Clarke Affair And Representations Of Gendered Patriotism, Parissa Djangi May 2012

A Scandal In Britain: The Mary Anne Clarke Affair And Representations Of Gendered Patriotism, Parissa Djangi

All Theses

In 1809, Mary Anne Clarke served as a key player in an investigation against her former lover, the Duke of York. She testified before the House of Commons that the Duke, Commander-in-Chief of the British Army, did not provide her with enough financial support and allowed her to accept bribes for commissions in the army. Her confession rocked early nineteenth-century Britain, and the scandal caused the Duke to resign his military position. With Britain in the thick of the Napoleonic Wars, 1809 was a bad year for a scandal, as it encouraged Britons to doubt the authority of their military ...


Sir Arthur Currie And The Legacy Of The Great War: Letters From The Archives Of The Canadian War Museum, Mark Osborne Humphries Apr 2012

Sir Arthur Currie And The Legacy Of The Great War: Letters From The Archives Of The Canadian War Museum, Mark Osborne Humphries

Canadian Military History

No abstract provided.


Military Aid To The Civil Authority In The Mid-19th Century New Brunswick, J. Brent Wilson Apr 2012

Military Aid To The Civil Authority In The Mid-19th Century New Brunswick, J. Brent Wilson

Canadian Military History

During the mid–19th century, the role of the military in New Brunswick began to change. Although its primary function remained defence against invasion, the civil power called on it with increasing frequency; first the British regulars and later the militia assisted in capacities ranging from fighting fires to policing. Nevertheless, as New Brunswick changed from colony to province, the militia did not automatically replace the imperial garrison. Civil authorities were reluctant to call on it, and volunteers assumed this role only after the regulars departed in 1869. This article first examines the types of disorder that occurred between the ...


“Bloody Provost”: Discipline During The War Of 1812, John R. Grodzinski Apr 2012

“Bloody Provost”: Discipline During The War Of 1812, John R. Grodzinski

Canadian Military History

No abstract provided.


Colonel Wily’S Brainchild: The Origins Of The Canadian War Museum In Ottawa’S Cartier Square Drill Hall, 1880–1896, Cameron Pulsifer Apr 2012

Colonel Wily’S Brainchild: The Origins Of The Canadian War Museum In Ottawa’S Cartier Square Drill Hall, 1880–1896, Cameron Pulsifer

Canadian Military History

Since 1996 the Canadian War Museum (CWM) has been a major partner with the Wilfrid Laurier Centre for Military Strategic and Disarmament Studies in the production of Canadian Military History. The CWM was described in 1991 by a government appointed Task Force on Military Museum Collections in Canada as the country’s “flagship military museum,” but, as the report made clear, the museum lacked many of the essential resources for that role. The CWM occupied cramped and antiquated quarters on Sussex Drive in Ottawa and was receiving only about 125,000 visitors a year.1 Since then, in May 2005 ...


2012 Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference Program, Phi Alpha Theta Apr 2012

2012 Phi Alpha Theta Regional Conference Program, Phi Alpha Theta

Phi Alpha Theta

No abstract provided.


Seeing With Their Investments, Minds, And Hearts: Relief After The Great Chicago Fire Of 1871 And The Lessons We Can Learn From It, Ann Hugo Apr 2012

Seeing With Their Investments, Minds, And Hearts: Relief After The Great Chicago Fire Of 1871 And The Lessons We Can Learn From It, Ann Hugo

Undergraduate Student Scholarship – History

This paper compares the impact of various relief efforts in the aftermath of the Great Chicago Fire, comparing the effect Christian organizations had on the relief effort to government and business assistance. All of these methods of assistance were useful and none should be excluded or demeaned.


The Emigrant Of An Gorta Mór: The Emigration Experience Of Cornelius Delaney During Ireland's Great Famine Of 1845-1850, Sarah Nelson Apr 2012

The Emigrant Of An Gorta Mór: The Emigration Experience Of Cornelius Delaney During Ireland's Great Famine Of 1845-1850, Sarah Nelson

Antonian Scholars Honors Program

‘The Emigrant of An Gorta Mόr,’ describes the emigration experience of my ancestor, Cornelius Delaney, during Ireland’s Great Famine of 1845-1850. The Great Famine, known in Gaelic as ‘An Gorta Mόr’ (the Great Hunger), began in 1845, when the fungus Phytophthora infestans infected the potato crop in Ireland. During the years of the Famine, Ireland lost nearly half of its population to starvation, disease and emigration. In the format of an annotated, historical fiction piece, ‘The Emigrant of An Gorta Mόr,’ presents the experience of Cornelius and the Delaney family during the Famine in Ireland and Cornelius’s experience ...


Act 2: Tastes In Common (1938-2002), James Smith Allen Mar 2012

Act 2: Tastes In Common (1938-2002), James Smith Allen

James Smith Allen

Act 2 of "A Privileged Past" explores the history of one family – the author’s family of origin – from its inception in 1938 until its dissolution in 2002. Tracing the Allens in Silver Spring, Maryland – a wealthy suburb of Washington, DC – this chapter highlights the family’s steady relative decline in socio-economic status in the wake of the New Deal that, at least until 1980, promoted the development of a middle class much more modest than what the Allens represented. The dominant metaphor in this account is that of taste and the shared rituals of families and friends eating together.


Act 1: The Ocean Smell (1624-1938), James Smith Allen Mar 2012

Act 1: The Ocean Smell (1624-1938), James Smith Allen

James Smith Allen

The first act of "A Privileged Past" recounts the history of four families – the Allens of Manchester, Massachusetts; the Roomes of New York, New York; the Kruegers of Newark, New Jersey; and the Smiths also of Newark – since their arrival from Europe (the first two in the seventeenth century, the latter two in the nineteenth). These people brought with them distinct ethnic identities, which helped define the communities they joined, and in some cases led, as immigrants to the new world. Their experiences across and by the Atlantic Ocean are captured by this chapter’s prevailing figure of speech, that ...


Toronto’S Reponse To The Outbreak Of War, 1939, Ian Miller Jan 2012

Toronto’S Reponse To The Outbreak Of War, 1939, Ian Miller

Canadian Military History

Canadian historians have paid little attention to the transition from peace to war in late August and early September 1939. Jonathan Vance’s award-winning Death So Noble: Memory, Meaning and the First World War (1997) does a marvelous job of surveying attitudes towards war in the wake of the Great War, but it does not expand into the start of the Second. C.P. Stacey’s official history, Six Years of War, devotes only minimal space to exploring the transition, focusing instead on the activities of Canadian servicemen and women. The dozens of militia histories written by the units after ...


Crossing The Melfa River, Edward J. Perkins Jan 2012

Crossing The Melfa River, Edward J. Perkins

Canadian Military History

No abstract provided.


William Drummond And The Battle Of Fort Erie, Donald E. Graves Jan 2012

William Drummond And The Battle Of Fort Erie, Donald E. Graves

Canadian Military History

The officers and men of the British army that defended Canada from American invasion during the War of 1812 knew they were “forgotten soldiers.” Fighting in a distant and secondary theatre, far from the gaze of a government and public pre-occupied with events on the continent, especially in Spain, they took a somewhat perverse pride in their status as outcasts. As one quipped about the Duke of Wellington—“thank God he managed to do without us” at Waterloo. But they also took a particular pride in their own local heroes including such men as Gordon of the 1st Regiment of ...


Relief Amid Chaos: The Story Of Canadian Pows Driving Red Cross, Hugh A. Halliday Jan 2012

Relief Amid Chaos: The Story Of Canadian Pows Driving Red Cross, Hugh A. Halliday

Canadian Military History

No abstract provided.