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"Ever True And Loyal:" Mary Todd Lincoln As A Kentuckian, Andrew Landreth Nov 2017

"Ever True And Loyal:" Mary Todd Lincoln As A Kentuckian, Andrew Landreth

Scholars Week

This paper considers Mary Todd Lincoln from the perspective of her relationship with her home state of Kentucky. Utilizing her own writings and those of her contemporaries, as well as secondary studies, this paper argues that Mary Todd Lincoln's life and relationships embodied many of the same contradictions of her home state and that important aspects of her public and private life were influenced by her upbringing in antebellum Kentucky. Particular emphasis is placed on her views of slavery and on her relationship with the Todd family during the Civil War.


Abuse To Acceptance: Cleveland's Italian Community From 1880-1920, Isabel Robertson Jun 2017

Abuse To Acceptance: Cleveland's Italian Community From 1880-1920, Isabel Robertson

Undergraduate Research and Arts Exposition

Each successive wave of immigrants to America has faced prejudice founded in fear and uncertainty. Immigrants from Italy were particularly discriminated against in the early years of their arrival, from 1880 through 1920. They faced violence, racial slurs, and media attacks based on an unsubstantiated stereotype of criminality. This project set out to discern how the Italian immigrant community in America, through the case study of the city of Cleveland, evolved from being despised and racialized to being accepted as white Americans. Archival research, historical newspaper articles, and manuscripts such as letters and Americanization pamphlets largely inform the writing, in ...


Alexander Of Macedonia And His Transformation Into Despotism, Brandon Tran Apr 2016

Alexander Of Macedonia And His Transformation Into Despotism, Brandon Tran

Young Historians Conference

At the age 20, Alexander of Macedonia began his campaign. After inheriting Macedonia from his father, he would expand his empire, stretching from Ancient Greece to Asia Minor. Besides conquering the land, Alexander changed the land by connecting cultures, adopting foreign customs and expanding trade. Historians like Plutarch and Arrian of the Second Sophistic Age would call him Alexander the Great. But was he truly great? His military campaign was riddled with atrocities and unjustified murders, but history books still describe Alexander as a great man. This paper explores the viewpoints of antiquities greatest historians like Plutarch and Arrian, while ...


Should English Spelling Be Reformed?: A History Of English Spelling, Rachel M. Schloneger Apr 2016

Should English Spelling Be Reformed?: A History Of English Spelling, Rachel M. Schloneger

The Research and Scholarship Symposium

This paper explores the deep, and surprisingly informative, history of English spelling. It is a well-known fact that English spelling is confusing and troublesome for native speakers and non-native speakers alike. Its history is a winding road that ventures into various languages, picking up rules and idiosyncrasies along the way. The question facing linguists and other English language scholars is whether the system that is worth keeping or if reformative measures are needed. In its history, English has overcome invasions, subjugation, and conversion efforts to become what it is today. In the past many individuals have suggested reforms and have ...


Lost In The Echo: The People's Democracy, The Northern Ireland Civil Rights Movement, And How Violence Emerges From Nonviolent Objectives, Andrew P. Ohl Mar 2016

Lost In The Echo: The People's Democracy, The Northern Ireland Civil Rights Movement, And How Violence Emerges From Nonviolent Objectives, Andrew P. Ohl

Undergraduate Research Symposium

In the 1960s, the Catholic population in the country of Northern Ireland initiated a civil rights movement which demanded solutions to political issues such as gerrymandering by the majority Protestant government, discrimination by law enforcement, discrimination in the allocation of housing, and other problems that had created social divides between Catholics and Protestants for decades. By October 1968 a new civil rights organization calling itself the People’s Democracy had been formed. This new organization acted boldly in its demonstrations by conducting events in neighborhoods deemed “Protestant” territory, physically challenging police blockades, and in some instances actively seeking to provoke ...


Session B-4: Who Freed The Slaves? Emancipation And The Sources Of Social Change, David Heineman Mar 2016

Session B-4: Who Freed The Slaves? Emancipation And The Sources Of Social Change, David Heineman

Professional Learning Day

Abraham Lincoln argued that all knew slavery was “somehow the cause of the war”. And every student knows that one of the most significant outcomes of the Civil War was the abolition of slavery. But how did this happen? Who actually freed the slaves? In this session, we’ll model a lesson that teachers can use, rooted in historical thinking and primary sources that helps students engage in authentic historical inquiry about a turning point in our nation’s past.


The Sacred Union Of The East: Great Depression, New Deal, And Roerich-Wallace Spiritual Utopia, Andrei A. Znamenski Mar 2014

The Sacred Union Of The East: Great Depression, New Deal, And Roerich-Wallace Spiritual Utopia, Andrei A. Znamenski

Arts and Letters Conference

The spiritual partnership of Russian émigré painter Nicholas Roerich (1874–1947) and U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Henry Wallace (1888–1965), which lasted from 1929 to 1934, provides rich material for a student of social and spiritual utopias. This paper is focused on the most intriguing aspect of their activities: the pursuit of a spiritual and geopolitical utopia that Roerich labeled as the Sacred Union of the East. Sponsored by Henry Wallace, in 1934-1935, Roerich embarked on a botanical expedition to north-eastern China and Inner Mongolia, simultaneously having another agenda: launching in Inner Asia a theocracy based on Buddhist and ...