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J. D. Vance, Hillbilly Elegy: A Memoir Of A Family And Culture In Crisis. Harpercollins, 2016., Laina Farhat-Holzman Nov 2017

J. D. Vance, Hillbilly Elegy: A Memoir Of A Family And Culture In Crisis. Harpercollins, 2016., Laina Farhat-Holzman

Comparative Civilizations Review

The growing gap in the traditional trajectory from poverty to middle class may have less to do with color than with culture. We can see during this present election process the anger and distress of poor white men, flocking to the rallies of candidate Donald Trump. These men, who were once doing well during the post-WWII era, when our country was a manufacturing giant, are now victims of a changing economy.


Justice And Art, Face To Face, Desmond Manderson, Cristina S. Martinez Oct 2017

Justice And Art, Face To Face, Desmond Manderson, Cristina S. Martinez

Yale Journal of Law & the Humanities

This essay studies in detail, for the first time and in the context of legal as well as art history, Sir Joshua Reynolds's representation of Justice (1779). We argue that the image is of particular significance in the history of representations of justice, and marks the emergence of neoclassical ideals. These ideals became, for example in the work of Sir William Blackstone, central to the development of Anglo-American concepts of the common law. We argue that Reynolds's work exemplifies a profound shift and a rich complexity in these concepts.


Wagon Tracks. Vol. 14, No. 4 (August, 2000), Santa Fe Trail Association Aug 2017

Wagon Tracks. Vol. 14, No. 4 (August, 2000), Santa Fe Trail Association

Wagon Tracks

No abstract provided.


Wagon Tracks. Vol. 19, No. 2 (February, 2005), Santa Fe Trail Association Aug 2017

Wagon Tracks. Vol. 19, No. 2 (February, 2005), Santa Fe Trail Association

Wagon Tracks

No abstract provided.


Wagon Tracks. Vol. 23, No. 4 (August, 2009), Santa Fe Trail Association Aug 2017

Wagon Tracks. Vol. 23, No. 4 (August, 2009), Santa Fe Trail Association

Wagon Tracks

No abstract provided.


The Social Impact Of The Misconceptions Surrounding Tuberculosis, Sarah A. Lauer May 2017

The Social Impact Of The Misconceptions Surrounding Tuberculosis, Sarah A. Lauer

Iowa Historical Review

This paper addresses many of the misconceptions surrounding tuberculosis in three different time periods: ancient times, the Middle Ages, and the 19th-20th centuries, and explains the social ramifications caused by the lack of understanding.


Book Review: Paul Andrew Hutton, The Apache Wars: The Hunt For Geronimo, The Apache Kid, And The Captive Boy Who Started The Longest War In American History, 2016., Stan Prager Mar 2017

Book Review: Paul Andrew Hutton, The Apache Wars: The Hunt For Geronimo, The Apache Kid, And The Captive Boy Who Started The Longest War In American History, 2016., Stan Prager

Saber and Scroll

A review of Paul Andrew Hutton's The Apache Wars: The Hunt for Geronimo, the Apache Kid, and the Captive Boy Who Started the Longest War in American History.


Silenzio: The Effects Of World War Ii Policy On Italian-American Identity, Luca Signore Dec 2016

Silenzio: The Effects Of World War Ii Policy On Italian-American Identity, Luca Signore

Historical Perspectives: Santa Clara University Undergraduate Journal of History, Series II

No abstract provided.


American Muslims: How The “American Creed” Fosters Assimilation And Pluralism, James R. Moore Dec 2016

American Muslims: How The “American Creed” Fosters Assimilation And Pluralism, James R. Moore

Cultural Encounters, Conflicts, and Resolutions

This article examines the status of American Muslims in the United States in relationship to other cultural groups and some of the widespread stereotypes that plague Muslims in contemporary society. Much has been written about the discrimination faced by Muslims, particularly after the September 11, 2001 attacks, spawned by religious, racial, and ethnic bigotry. Some polls show many Americans harbor some prejudices against Muslims, but these prejudices have not resulted in widespread violence or discrimination; although there has been some violence and discrimination experienced by some Muslims, the empirical data show that the majority of American Muslims are very successful ...


Teaching Secondary Mathematics And Science Contents Embedded In Historical And Cultural Contexts: Challenges And Possibilities, Roland Pourdavood Dec 2016

Teaching Secondary Mathematics And Science Contents Embedded In Historical And Cultural Contexts: Challenges And Possibilities, Roland Pourdavood

Cultural Encounters, Conflicts, and Resolutions

Many preservice teachers come to understand that they must cross the boundaries of their own familiar cultural and historical contexts in order to meet the needs of diverse students. This qualitative and descriptive study examines the evolution of secondary preservice teachers’ views on teaching and learning mathematics and science in historical and cultural contexts. Data were collected throughout participants’ enrollment in a semester-long course entitled Perspectives on Science and Mathematics, which is taken in conjunction with student teaching. Data sources included university classroom observations, preservice teachers’ verbal and written responses to class discussions, reading assignments, and course activities. Common themes ...


Immigrant And Irish Identities In Hand In The Fire And Hamilton's Writing Between 2003 And 2014, Dervila Cooke Dec 2016

Immigrant And Irish Identities In Hand In The Fire And Hamilton's Writing Between 2003 And 2014, Dervila Cooke

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her article "Immigrant and Irish Identities in Hand in the Fire and Hamilton's Writing between 2003 and 2014" Dervila Cooke discusses the intertwining of Irish and immigrant identities. Cooke examines the connection between openness to memory and embracing migrant identities in Hamilton's writing both in the 2010 novel and as a whole. The empathetic and inclusive character of Helen in Hand in the Fire is analyzed in contrast to characters who have repressed memory including the Serbian Vid. Helen's ties to elsewhere, her openness to new influence, and her willingness to engage with traumatic elements of ...


General Charles Lord Cornwallis And The British Southern Strategy, Anne Midgley Nov 2016

General Charles Lord Cornwallis And The British Southern Strategy, Anne Midgley

Saber and Scroll

General Charles Lord Cornwallis’s temper snapped—as did the sword blade upon which he was leaning—as he listened to a humbled Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton relate to him the details of his defeat at a backwoods pasture known as Hannah’s Cowpens. The American rebels, led by Brigadier General Daniel Morgan, had trounced the British. Tarleton’s losses were appalling, perhaps as high as eighty percent of the men he had led into battle, which represented nearly twenty-five percent of the army led by Cornwallis. Tarleton left behind over one hundred dead and nearly eight hundred men whom ...


“Battleground Africa: Cold War In The Congo, 1960–1965 (Book Review)” By Lise Namikas, Brian Bertosa Nov 2016

“Battleground Africa: Cold War In The Congo, 1960–1965 (Book Review)” By Lise Namikas, Brian Bertosa

Canadian Military History

Review of Battleground Africa: Cold War in the Congo, 1960–1965 by Lise Namikas


“Such Want Of Gentlemanly Conduct:” The General Court Martial Of Lieutenant John De Hertel, Eamonn O'Keeffe Nov 2016

“Such Want Of Gentlemanly Conduct:” The General Court Martial Of Lieutenant John De Hertel, Eamonn O'Keeffe

Canadian Military History

Analysis of the newly discovered general court martial of Canadian Fencibles Lieutenant John de Hertel offers a remarkable glimpse into the workings of War of 1812-era military justice. After exploring the backgrounds of the principal actors, this article employs witness testimony to vividly reconstruct the fateful altercation between Lieutenants Peach and de Hertel on 22 May 1815 at Fort York in modernday Toronto. Subsequent attempts at conciliation, the trial itself, and de Hertel’s vitriolic defence are examined in detail, followed by concluding reflections on the insight gained through study of this affair and the potential of courts martial as ...


Indigenous Helpers And Renegade Invaders: Ambivalent Characters In Biblical And Cinematic Conquest Narratives, L. Daniel Hawk Oct 2016

Indigenous Helpers And Renegade Invaders: Ambivalent Characters In Biblical And Cinematic Conquest Narratives, L. Daniel Hawk

Journal of Religion & Film

This article compares the role of ambiguous character types in the national narratives of biblical Israel and modern America, two nations that ground their identities in myths of conquest. The types embody the tensions and ambivalence conquest myths generate by combining the invader/indigenous binary in complementary ways. The Indigenous Helper assists the invaders and signifies the land’s acquiescence to conquest. The Renegade Invader identifies with the indigenous peoples and manifests anxiety about the threat of indigenous difference. A discussion of these types in the book of Joshua, through the stories of Rahab and Achan, establishes a point of ...


Forgotten And Concealed: The Emblematic Cases Of The Assyrian And Romani Genocides, Riccardo Armillei, Nikki Marczak, Panayiotis Diamadis Oct 2016

Forgotten And Concealed: The Emblematic Cases Of The Assyrian And Romani Genocides, Riccardo Armillei, Nikki Marczak, Panayiotis Diamadis

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

By exploring how the Assyrian and Romani genocides came to be forgotten in official history and collective memory, this paper takes a step towards redress for years of inadvertent neglect and deliberate concealment. In addressing the roles played by scholars and nations, and the effect of international law and government policy, it notes the inaccessibility of evidence, combined with a narrow application of definitions of victim groups, and a focus on written proof of perpetrator intent. Continuing persecution of survivors in the aftermath of the genocides, and government actions to erase the genocides from history, are common to both cases ...


Settlement Of South Carolina’S Colonial Backcountry: From Conflict To Prosperity, Steven C. Pruitt Jul 2016

Settlement Of South Carolina’S Colonial Backcountry: From Conflict To Prosperity, Steven C. Pruitt

Bound Away: The Liberty Journal of History

The Carolina Colony was the first foothold for the British in the lower south region of North America. Carolina developed in the tradition of Barbados, with its economy based on staple crops. These staple crops would become rice and indigo, both of which flourished in the areas near the coast. This lucrative agricultural development would assure that the seat of power in Carolina would remain near the sea for most of its early history. The coastal elites would face three major concerns: threat from the Native Americans in the west, treats from the Spanish in the south, and a fear ...


Reconciliation: All Our Relations, Kelly Laurila May 2016

Reconciliation: All Our Relations, Kelly Laurila

Consensus

The author shares the national, community (local) and individual discourses taking place as they pertain to the reconciliation process that is happening with Indigenous and Settler peoples in Canada. Importantly, the author sheds light on a multitude of local efforts of reconciliation happening that have not yet made it to academic discourses and publications, but which could be instrumental in contributing to reconciliation. A key component emphasized in these reconciliation efforts and which could be the catalyst for change, is the importance of relationships. Stemming from an Indigenous epistemological perspective, the creation of positive relationships with others and ‘all our ...


Huguenots And The French Enlightenment, Allison Ramsey Jan 2016

Huguenots And The French Enlightenment, Allison Ramsey

Saber and Scroll

Excerpted on author's behalf:

When Louis XIV inherited the throne in 1643, the French Protestants, or Huguenots, found themselves in a difficult situation. The Sun King effectively ended all hope for Protestantism in France with the Edict of Fontainebleau—or the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes—in 1685. Even though Catholics and Protestants alike were weary of fighting within the country, they could not agree upon a peaceable co-existence. This led to a grand migration of Protestants in search of a better life in other areas of the world. Eventually, with the help of popular philosophe opinion, the ...


The Making Of The Medieval Papacy: The Gregorian Mission To Kent, Jack Morato Jan 2016

The Making Of The Medieval Papacy: The Gregorian Mission To Kent, Jack Morato

Saber and Scroll

Excerpted on author's behalf:

In the mid-fifth century, the western portion of the Roman Empire had suffered an unrecoverable collapse, and Roman Christianity was supplanted in the provinces with either the pagan animism of the Anglo-Saxons and Franks or the heretical Arianism of the Goths and Vandals. Pope Leo's bold proclamation of papal and Roman Catholic leadership did not coincide with social and political realities; he was writing at a time when the Roman Church held influence in Italy but little elsewhere. Establishing the authority of the Roman See in the Germanic kingdoms that occupied approximately what is ...


Good-Bye To All That: The Rise And Demise Of Irish America (1993), Shaun O’Connell Nov 2015

Good-Bye To All That: The Rise And Demise Of Irish America (1993), Shaun O’Connell

New England Journal of Public Policy

The works discussed in this article include: The Rascal King: The Life and Times of James Michael Curley 1874-1958, by Jack Beatty; JFK: Reckless Youth, by Nigel Hamilton; Textures of Irish America, by Lawrence J. McCaffrey; and Militant and Triumphant: William Henry O'Connell and the Catholic Church in Boston, by James M. O'Toole.

Reprinted from New England Journal of Public Policy 9, no. 1 (1993), article 9.


Tip O’Neill: Irish-American Representative Man (2003), Shaun O’Connell Nov 2015

Tip O’Neill: Irish-American Representative Man (2003), Shaun O’Connell

New England Journal of Public Policy

Thomas P. “Tip” O’Neill, Man of the House as he aptly called himself in his 1987 memoir, stood as the quintessential Irish-American representative man for half of the twentieth century. O’Neill, often misunderstood as a parochial, Irish Catholic party pol, was a shrewd, sensitive, and idealistic man who came to stand for a more inclusive and expansive sense of his region, his party, and his church. O’Neill’s impressive presence both embodied the clichés of the Irish-American character and transcended its stereotypes by articulating a noble vision of inspired duty, determined responsibility, and joy in living. There ...


New York Revisited (1992), Shaun O’Connell Nov 2015

New York Revisited (1992), Shaun O’Connell

New England Journal of Public Policy

The works discussed in this article include: City of the World: New York and Its People, by Bernie Bookbinder; New York, New York, by Oliver E. Allen; New York Intellect: A History of Intellectual Life in New York City, from 1750 to the Beginnings of Our Own Time, by Thomas Bender; The Heart of the World, by Nik Cohn; The Art of the City: Views and Versions of New York, by Peter Conrad; After Henry, by Joan Didion; Literary New York: A History and Guide, by Susan Edmiston and Linda D. Cirino; Our New York: A Personal Vision in Words ...


Dubuque's Forgotten Cemetery: Excavating A Nineteenth-Century Burial Ground In A Twenty-First-Century City, Thomas G. Connors Oct 2015

Dubuque's Forgotten Cemetery: Excavating A Nineteenth-Century Burial Ground In A Twenty-First-Century City, Thomas G. Connors

The Annals of Iowa

Review of: Dubuque’s Forgotten Cemetery: Excavating a Nineteenth-Century Burial Ground in a Twenty-First–Century City, by Robin M. Lillie and Jennifer E. Mack.


The Barrier And The Damage Done Converting The Canadian Mounted Rifles To Infantry, December 1915, William Stewart Jul 2015

The Barrier And The Damage Done Converting The Canadian Mounted Rifles To Infantry, December 1915, William Stewart

Canadian Military History

No abstract provided.


Mercenaries And The Congo Crisis, Patrick S. Baker May 2015

Mercenaries And The Congo Crisis, Patrick S. Baker

Saber and Scroll

In the mid-twentieth century, the best market for mercenaries was the newly independent Republic of the Congo. Indeed, within Africa the 1960s were a “golden age” of mercenarism. This paper will examine the specific circumstances during the Congo Crisis of 1960-67 that precipitated this new heyday of the mercenary, the responses to this new mercenarism, and mercenarism as a military, political, and economic phenomenon in post-colonial Congo. By focusing on the Congo Crisis, this paper will illustrate the circumstances that encourage the wide-scale use of mercenary soldiers and will examine counter-mercenary operations. Further, it will explore mercenarism as a driver ...


Book Review Supplement Autumn 2003 May 2015

Book Review Supplement Autumn 2003

Canadian Military History

No abstract provided.


Book Review Supplement Autumn 1998 May 2015

Book Review Supplement Autumn 1998

Canadian Military History

No abstract provided.


Book Reviews: Volume 2, Issue 4, Various Authors Apr 2015

Book Reviews: Volume 2, Issue 4, Various Authors

Saber and Scroll

The following book reviews are included:

  • Stephen McFarland and Wesley Newton's To Command the Sky: The Battle for Air Superiority over Germany, 1942-1944, reviewed by Chris Booth
  • Alex Von Tunzelmann's Red Heat: Conspiracy, Murder, and the Cold War in the Caribbean, reviewed by E. Michael Davis II
  • David McCullough's 1776, reviewed by Jordan Griffith
  • Christopher A. Snyder's The Britons, reviewed by Kathleen Guler
  • James Axtell's Beyond 1492: Encounters in Colonial North America, reviewed by Kay O’Pry-Reynolds
  • Carla Gardina Pestana's Protestant Empire: Religion and the Making of the British Atlantic World, reviewed by Ken ...


The Early Years Of Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson And The Impact On His Life, Beth White Apr 2015

The Early Years Of Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson And The Impact On His Life, Beth White

Saber and Scroll

Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson, who would become a feared but beloved military officer, loving husband and father, church deacon and stern professor came from a family that was made up of alcoholics, gamblers and thieves. Just in the first seven years of Jackson’s life, there were more challenges and obstacles that had to be overcome than most people experience in an entire lifetime. What made Jackson a unique individual was not that there were severe obstacles, but instead how the young boy handled each circumstance when handed major challenges.