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Bishop Chatard: Secret Societies, Irish Nationalists, Americanists, And Modernists, 1878-1918, William Doherty Ph.D. Apr 2018

Bishop Chatard: Secret Societies, Irish Nationalists, Americanists, And Modernists, 1878-1918, William Doherty Ph.D.

Department of History and Social Sciences

"This chapter deals with a set of movements that Bishop Chatard, a religious, social, and political conservative, had to deal with. Born into comfort, rector of the American College in Rome, Chatard, so far as he was able, operated as a brakeman to some of and the salient developments of Gilded Age America, in particular, trade unionism, Irish nationalism, and the efforts of the Modernists to bring the Church up to date and escape from medieval scholasticism. Nor did he share the confidence of the Americanist bishops who reveled in the freedom found in the United States and believed that ...


The Indianapolis Catholic Press, 1876 To 1947, William Doherty Ph.D. Apr 2018

The Indianapolis Catholic Press, 1876 To 1947, William Doherty Ph.D.

Department of History and Social Sciences

"This chapter deals with the Indianapolis Catholic press in its various guises under a variety of managers from the Gilded Age to just after World War II. Given the damage of Martin Luther’s printed placards and pamphlets, the Catholic Church has never been completely at peace with either books or newspapers. But to tell its story, it found it had to produce its own publications. The first newspaper written for Indianapolis Catholics, the Western Citizen, 1876-1882, was not sponsored by the diocese, but since its target audience was the Irish-Catholics of the city and its environs, it qualified well-enough ...


The Power Of Biases: Anti-Chinese Attitudes In California’S Gold Mines, Joe Curran Feb 2018

The Power Of Biases: Anti-Chinese Attitudes In California’S Gold Mines, Joe Curran

Historical Perspectives: Santa Clara University Undergraduate Journal of History, Series II

No abstract provided.


Historical Perspectives Vol. 22 2017 Feb 2018

Historical Perspectives Vol. 22 2017

Historical Perspectives: Santa Clara University Undergraduate Journal of History, Series II

No abstract provided.


Mother Jones: Ireland To North America To Ireland, Elliot Gorn Jan 2018

Mother Jones: Ireland To North America To Ireland, Elliot Gorn

Elliot Gorn

Although we don't hear her name so often anymore, Mother Jones was one of the great figures of the early twentieth century. She and her family were refugees from the Famine, and I want to argue here that her early life in Ireland, Canada, and the United States molded her, made her the great crusader for social justice and tribune of the working class that she became as an old woman. "Freedoms just another word for nothing left to lose," Kris Kristofferson has written, words that well describe the life of Mother Jones.


Oral History With Joseph Knight: Grandson Of Peter O. Knight, Andy Huse Jan 2018

Oral History With Joseph Knight: Grandson Of Peter O. Knight, Andy Huse

Sunland Tribune

No abstract provided.


A Terrible Beauty Is Born! Cultivating Critical Consciousness Using Trauma As Visual Metadata In Yeats’S Poetry Of Resistance, “Easter, 1916”, Anita August Jan 2018

A Terrible Beauty Is Born! Cultivating Critical Consciousness Using Trauma As Visual Metadata In Yeats’S Poetry Of Resistance, “Easter, 1916”, Anita August

English Faculty Publications

The aim of this chapter is to examine William Butler Yeats’s use of trauma as visual metadata during the Easter Rebellion in 1916 to raise critical consciousness for future rebellions in Ireland. Previous examinations of Yeats’s “Easter, 1916” focus almost exclusively on the call for rebellion. This appeal however overlooks Yeats’s challenge to preserve the spirit of resistance by focalizing on the unseen liberation within him and Ireland that remained despite the failed rebellion. With 2016 marking 100 years of “Easter, 1916,” as the most popular of Yeats’s political poems, the rhetorical appeal in this chapter ...


Whiteness Isn't An Accident: How My Irish Family Became White, Sarah Duncan Jan 2018

Whiteness Isn't An Accident: How My Irish Family Became White, Sarah Duncan

Social Justice Research Center Grant Awards

During her ten day trip to Ireland and Northern Ireland, scholar and creative writer Sarah Duncan examined, through exploring her own Irish family history, the connections between Irish migration and the construction of whiteness in what's known as the United States.


Revolution And World War I Civil Rights?: Transnational Relations And Mexican Consul Records In Mexican American Educational History, 1910-1929, Victoria-María Macdonald, Gonzalo Guzmán Dec 2017

Revolution And World War I Civil Rights?: Transnational Relations And Mexican Consul Records In Mexican American Educational History, 1910-1929, Victoria-María Macdonald, Gonzalo Guzmán

Education's Histories

MacDonald and Guzmán demonstrate how the Mexican residents in the United States lobbied the Mexican government and Mexican consulates in the U.S. to secure their children's access to schooling from 1910-1929.


The Indianapolis Archdiocesan Newspaper In The Raymond T. Bosler Years, 1947-1976, William Doherty Ph.D. Dec 2017

The Indianapolis Archdiocesan Newspaper In The Raymond T. Bosler Years, 1947-1976, William Doherty Ph.D.

Department of History and Social Sciences

This chapter deals with Msgr. Bosler’s relations with two archbishops-publishers with very different approaches with regard to their editor’s independence. Bosler held that a diocesan paper ought not be a company newsletter filled with nothing but what is of “good report” of the Church, but rather deal with the pressing public foreign and domestic issues. Under Bosler’s editorial hand, that meant the Cold War, NATO, the United Nations, immigration, medical care for the aged and disabled, right to work laws, race, housing, McCarthyism, the John Birch Society, Vietnam, the women’s rights movement, and more.

In conducting ...


The Prole And The Prelate, William Doherty Ph.D. Dec 2017

The Prole And The Prelate, William Doherty Ph.D.

Department of History and Social Sciences

The chapter opens with a discussion of the Great Railroad Strike of 1877 in which questions regarding the social order, class, equity, and like matters arise. The coincidental arrival in Indianapolis of Denis Kearney and the new bishop of the diocese, Francis Silas Chatard, on 17 August 1878, extends the discussion and the role that the Catholic Church and its laity would and should play. Kearney, an immigrant Irishman, at the time was notorious as an agitator for the working class, while the Chatard was a scion of a prominent Baltimore family. The contrast in their biographies and in the ...


The Cold War In The Eastern Mediterranean: An Interpretive Global History, James M. Brown Dec 2017

The Cold War In The Eastern Mediterranean: An Interpretive Global History, James M. Brown

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis offers the first global history of the Cold War in the eastern Mediterranean. It examines the international linkages that bound Greece, Turkey, and Cyprus with superpowers, non-aligned states, and transnational movements during the second half of the twentieth century, and it considers the effects of such linkages upon the eastern Mediterranean’s domestic arenas. Throughout, it demonstrates that two forces – synthesis of outside influence alongside consolidation of internal identities – dictated the region’s experiences during the Cold War. And though the international environment furnished the conditions within which the region’s societies pursued the project of nation-building, indigenous ...


Jason Bond Family History, Jason Bond Dec 2017

Jason Bond Family History, Jason Bond

Your Family in History: Hist 550/700

Jason Bond authored this family history as part of the course requirements for HIST 550/700 Your Family in History offered online in Fall 2017 and was submitted to the Pittsburg State University Digital Commons. Please contact the author directly with any questions or comments: jbond@gus.pittstate.edu


Jewish Culture In The Christian World, James Jefferson White Nov 2017

Jewish Culture In The Christian World, James Jefferson White

History ETDs

Christians constantly borrowed the culture of their Jewish neighbors and adapted it to Christianity. This adoption and appropriation of Jewish culture can be fit into three phases. The first phase regarded Jewish religion and philosophy. From the eighth century to the thirteenth century, Christians borrowed Jewish religious exegesis and beliefs in order to expand their own understanding of Christian religious texts. This phase came to an end as Jews and Christians came into increasingly close contact in the twelfth and thirteenth century. This led to a backlash by Christians in power. The second phase ran concurrent with the end of ...


J. D. Vance, Hillbilly Elegy: A Memoir Of A Family And Culture In Crisis. Harpercollins, 2016., Laina Farhat-Holzman Nov 2017

J. D. Vance, Hillbilly Elegy: A Memoir Of A Family And Culture In Crisis. Harpercollins, 2016., Laina Farhat-Holzman

Comparative Civilizations Review

The growing gap in the traditional trajectory from poverty to middle class may have less to do with color than with culture. We can see during this present election process the anger and distress of poor white men, flocking to the rallies of candidate Donald Trump. These men, who were once doing well during the post-WWII era, when our country was a manufacturing giant, are now victims of a changing economy.


"Ever True And Loyal:" Mary Todd Lincoln As A Kentuckian, Andrew Landreth Nov 2017

"Ever True And Loyal:" Mary Todd Lincoln As A Kentuckian, Andrew Landreth

Scholars Week

This paper considers Mary Todd Lincoln from the perspective of her relationship with her home state of Kentucky. Utilizing her own writings and those of her contemporaries, as well as secondary studies, this paper argues that Mary Todd Lincoln's life and relationships embodied many of the same contradictions of her home state and that important aspects of her public and private life were influenced by her upbringing in antebellum Kentucky. Particular emphasis is placed on her views of slavery and on her relationship with the Todd family during the Civil War.


Justice And Art, Face To Face, Desmond Manderson, Cristina S. Martinez Oct 2017

Justice And Art, Face To Face, Desmond Manderson, Cristina S. Martinez

Yale Journal of Law & the Humanities

This essay studies in detail, for the first time and in the context of legal as well as art history, Sir Joshua Reynolds's representation of Justice (1779). We argue that the image is of particular significance in the history of representations of justice, and marks the emergence of neoclassical ideals. These ideals became, for example in the work of Sir William Blackstone, central to the development of Anglo-American concepts of the common law. We argue that Reynolds's work exemplifies a profound shift and a rich complexity in these concepts.


Dubuque's Forgotten Cemetery: Excavating A Nineteenth-Century Burial Ground In A Twenty-First-Century City, Thomas G. Connors Sep 2017

Dubuque's Forgotten Cemetery: Excavating A Nineteenth-Century Burial Ground In A Twenty-First-Century City, Thomas G. Connors

Thomas G. Connors

Review of: Dubuque’s Forgotten Cemetery: Excavating a Nineteenth-Century Burial Ground in a Twenty-First–Century City, by Robin M. Lillie and Jennifer E. Mack.


The Leeman House, The Willett House, & Mcguire Point (1800s-1900s), Randy Lackovic Sep 2017

The Leeman House, The Willett House, & Mcguire Point (1800s-1900s), Randy Lackovic

Darling Marine Center Historical Documents

This is a local history of former residents of the Leeman House at the Darling Marine Center in Walpole, ME. It is also a history of McGuire Point in Walpole, Maine, and it is a history of past residents of the Willett House of the University of Maine at McGuire Point.


The Catholic Church And The Formation Of Human Rights Doctrine In El Salvador, Edward Mikus Iii Aug 2017

The Catholic Church And The Formation Of Human Rights Doctrine In El Salvador, Edward Mikus Iii

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

The Catholic Church’s focus on human rights in the years following the Second Vatican Council led to increased political activity amongst the clergy in socially stratified El Salvador. This development, in turn, led to a breakdown in relations between the Church and the Salvadoran State


Wagon Tracks. Vol. 14, No. 4 (August, 2000), Santa Fe Trail Association Aug 2017

Wagon Tracks. Vol. 14, No. 4 (August, 2000), Santa Fe Trail Association

Wagon Tracks

No abstract provided.


Wagon Tracks. Vol. 19, No. 2 (February, 2005), Santa Fe Trail Association Aug 2017

Wagon Tracks. Vol. 19, No. 2 (February, 2005), Santa Fe Trail Association

Wagon Tracks

No abstract provided.


Wagon Tracks. Vol. 23, No. 4 (August, 2009), Santa Fe Trail Association Aug 2017

Wagon Tracks. Vol. 23, No. 4 (August, 2009), Santa Fe Trail Association

Wagon Tracks

No abstract provided.


Unpolished Emeralds In The Gem State: Hard-Rock Mining, Labor Unions, And Irish Nationalism In The Mountain West And Idaho, 1850-1900, Victor D. Higgins Aug 2017

Unpolished Emeralds In The Gem State: Hard-Rock Mining, Labor Unions, And Irish Nationalism In The Mountain West And Idaho, 1850-1900, Victor D. Higgins

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Irish immigration to the United States, extant since the 1600s, exponentially increased during the Irish Great Famine of 1845-52. For many Catholic Irish, the legacy of colonization and the Famine intensified an existing narrative of forced exile and dispossession. It also endowed them with a predisposition to identify similarities between colonial exploitation and capitalism. These factors fed a growing Irish nationalism on both sides of the Atlantic, protean in the 1700s, which reified in the 1800s, around Anglophobia. In the Mountain West where mining spearheaded exploration and settlement, the Irish made up the largest ethnic group in hard-rock mines in ...


Oral History: John Bartosiewicz Jul 2017

Oral History: John Bartosiewicz

Zycie w Ameryce: A Collection of Polish-American Oral Histories

This conversation is an oral history interview with a former member of Worcester’s Polish-American community. The interview touches on a variety of aspects of life in the community, from school and parish life, to Polishness and the significance of language, and the effects of suburbanization.

Interview keywords: St. Mary’s, church / parish, all Polish, PNI, women’s guild, basketball, immigrant, Polishness, language, John Paul II, I-290, suburbs.


The Integrated Alien: Chinese In The American West And Their Political And Legal Responses To Mob Violence, 1885-1886., Gabriel Lanham Jun 2017

The Integrated Alien: Chinese In The American West And Their Political And Legal Responses To Mob Violence, 1885-1886., Gabriel Lanham

History Undergraduate Theses

In the literature on anti-Chinese violence in the American West during the 1880s, the depiction of Chinese immigrants is often limited to that of a faceless group, the pawns in an American political struggle that they neither understood nor had agency in. This historical interpretation of the Chinese as a people entirely alien to their communities is largely based on an over-reliance on contemporary white sources while ignoring Chinese accounts. Many contemporary whites were unwilling to honestly describe their relationship with Chinese immigrants, either because of racial bias or because of the threat of mob violence against those perceived as ...


Abuse To Acceptance: Cleveland's Italian Community From 1880-1920, Isabel Robertson Jun 2017

Abuse To Acceptance: Cleveland's Italian Community From 1880-1920, Isabel Robertson

Undergraduate Research and Arts Exposition

Each successive wave of immigrants to America has faced prejudice founded in fear and uncertainty. Immigrants from Italy were particularly discriminated against in the early years of their arrival, from 1880 through 1920. They faced violence, racial slurs, and media attacks based on an unsubstantiated stereotype of criminality. This project set out to discern how the Italian immigrant community in America, through the case study of the city of Cleveland, evolved from being despised and racialized to being accepted as white Americans. Archival research, historical newspaper articles, and manuscripts such as letters and Americanization pamphlets largely inform the writing, in ...


Land Of Women: Basilicata, Emigration, And The Women Who Remained Behind, 1880-1914, Victoria Calabrese Jun 2017

Land Of Women: Basilicata, Emigration, And The Women Who Remained Behind, 1880-1914, Victoria Calabrese

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Between 1880 and 1914, millions of Italians emigrated to all corners of the globe in hopes of earning better wages and forging a better life for themselves and for their families. This dissertation examines the role of the women left behind in the Italian region of Basilicata when their husbands emigrated, and the political, social, economic, and legal changes they experienced in their absence. During the Liberal Period, women had few political rights, and married women were dependent on their husbands, but being left on their own put them in a unique position. I argue that the Southern Italian women ...


"Cracks In The Melting Pot": Native Americans, Military Service And Citizenship, Brittany A. Kelley Jun 2017

"Cracks In The Melting Pot": Native Americans, Military Service And Citizenship, Brittany A. Kelley

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

This paper focuses on Native American military service in Euro-American Wars. It analyzes their reasons for fighting and compares those reasons to the reasons of other racial and ethnic groups. This paper explores how certain racial and ethnic groups are marginalized and “otherized” and how they occasionally attempt to assimilate into mainstream society through military service. Irish Americans and African Americans viewed the Civil War in this way, while Native Americans hoped they would be able to improve their individual situations. Native Americans fought for purposes of assimilation and citizenship in World War I, and while they were technically granted ...


Living Within The Margins: The Constitutional Culture Of Irish Life Law And Literature, Meghan Keator Jun 2017

Living Within The Margins: The Constitutional Culture Of Irish Life Law And Literature, Meghan Keator

Honors Theses and Student Projects

Serving as a stepping stone to asserting independence from British authority and oppression, the Bunreacht Na hÉireann, Ireland’s modern constitution, allowed the nation and its people finally to shape themselves by their own legal standards, customs, and norms. Yet, after years of oppression from forced British standards, Ireland began the search for its own distinct voice as a newly liberated, competitive country. This thesis explores how the Irish Constitution contributes to shaping a homogenous society that promotes normative views and behaviors that damagingly marginalize minority groups–who differ from such social standards. By examining the specific language, diction, order ...