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The Traveler's Aid Society: Moral Reform And Social Work In New York City, 1907-1916, Eric C. Cimino Ph.D. Jan 2019

The Traveler's Aid Society: Moral Reform And Social Work In New York City, 1907-1916, Eric C. Cimino Ph.D.

Eric C. Cimino

The prominent philanthropist, Grace Hoadley Dodge, founded the Travelers' Aid Society as a response to the moral and sexual dangers that she believed confronted single women (immigrant and native-born) as they entered American cities in search of work and leisure. Moral reformers like Dodge assumed that traveling women who were adrift from their family and community existed on the “border line of tragedy,” where the slightest misstep could result in a downward spiral that culminated in white slavery, the coerced prostitution of white women. To prevent the tragedy of white slavery, the Travelers' Aid Society provided social work to at-risk ...


Feminist Oral History Practice In An Era Of Digital Self-Representation, Margo Shea May 2018

Feminist Oral History Practice In An Era Of Digital Self-Representation, Margo Shea

Margo Shea

Beyond Women’s Words unites feminist scholars, artists, and community activists working with the stories of women and other historically marginalized subjects to address the contributions and challenges of doing feminist oral history.

Feminists who work with oral history methods want to tell stories that matter. They know, too, that the telling of those stories—the processes by which they are generated and recorded, and the different contexts in which they are shared and interpreted—also matters—a lot. Using Sherna Berger Gluckand Daphne Patai’s classic text, Women’s Words, as a platform to reflect on how feminisms, broadly ...


Troubling Heritage: Intimate Pasts And Public Memories At Derry/Londonderry’S 'Temple', Margo Shea Dec 2017

Troubling Heritage: Intimate Pasts And Public Memories At Derry/Londonderry’S 'Temple', Margo Shea

Margo Shea

High on the east bank of the River Foyle, literally at ‘the Top of the Hill’ at the highest elevation in the city limits of Derry/Londonderry, Northern Ireland, a temple stood briefly. At 72 feet high, it towered over its surroundings, a thin spire mirroring the city’s cathedral steeples on the river’s opposite bank. The sign at its entrance instructed ‘Leave a memory behind, let go of the past and look to the future.’ Memories relinquished would not remain – at least not in their material forms. ‘Temple’ was made to be ephemeral, built to be consumed in ...


"The Church Or The Wheel?" Religious Institutions Respond To The American Bicycle Boom, Christopher A. Sweet Dec 2016

"The Church Or The Wheel?" Religious Institutions Respond To The American Bicycle Boom, Christopher A. Sweet

Christopher A. Sweet

“These bladder-wheel bicycles are diabolical devices of the demon of darkness.” Thus railed a Baltimore preacher against the massive wave of popularity for the safety bicycle in the mid-1890s. From a 21st century perspective it seems quaint that American religious institutions felt threatened by something so mundane as bicycles. At the time though, easy-to-ride and relatively cheap safety bicycles presented a direct challenge to many established cultural and social norms. Women cyclists gained independent mobility and were able to press for dress reform. Physical health became a priority for city-dwellers. Christian churches and pastors primarily criticized the bicycle for encouraging ...


Navigating Body, Class, And Disability In The Life Of Agnes Burns Wieck, Caroline Waldron Merithew May 2016

Navigating Body, Class, And Disability In The Life Of Agnes Burns Wieck, Caroline Waldron Merithew

Caroline Merithew

The concerns expressed in Burns Wieck’s letter to Hapgood typify many of the issues that occupied her during the course of her life. She, like many Americans in the early twentieth century, thought that there were economic disparities as well as great cultural divisions between the working and middle classes in a capitalist system. Burns Wieck worried about how nature and environment shaped physical and emotional existence for her as a woman and as a worker.4 A question she asked about childbirth in her letter—“Why, oh why, can’t they find some way to humanize that experience ...


Making It In Maine: Stories Of Jewish Life In Small-Town America, David M. Freidenreich Dec 2014

Making It In Maine: Stories Of Jewish Life In Small-Town America, David M. Freidenreich

David M. Freidenreich

There are countless stories of Jewish life in Maine, stretching back 200 years. These are stories worth telling not only for their enjoyment value but also because we can learn a great deal from them. They reflect the challenges that confronted members of an immigrant community as they sought to become true Mainers, as well as the challenges this ethnic group now faces as a result of its successful integration. The experiences of Jews in Maine, moreover, encapsulate in many ways the experiences of small-town Jews throughout New England and the United States. Their stories offer glimpses into the changing ...


"There Were Streets": Urban Renewal And The Early Troubles In London/Derry, Northern Ireland, Margo Shea Dec 2014

"There Were Streets": Urban Renewal And The Early Troubles In London/Derry, Northern Ireland, Margo Shea

Margo Shea

Spatializing Politics is an anthology of emerging scholarship that treats built and imagined spaces as critical to knowing political power. In academic and popular discourse, spaces tend to serve as passive containers, symbols, or geographical coordinates for political theories, ideologies, and histories. By contrast, the essays in this collection illustrate how buildings and landscapes as disparate as Rust Belt railway stations and rural Rwandan hills become tools of political action and frameworks for political authority. Each chapter features original research on the spatial production of conflict and consensus, which ranges from exclusion and incarceration to reclamation and reconciliation. By focusing ...


Rethinking The Historiography Of Civil Rights In Derry: Memory As Resistance In Northern Ireland 1922-1969, Margo Shea Nov 2014

Rethinking The Historiography Of Civil Rights In Derry: Memory As Resistance In Northern Ireland 1922-1969, Margo Shea

Margo Shea

Understanding the civil rights movement and the passions it aroused as an extension of Catholic community life in Derry city, instead of a break from it, suggests that the events of the late 1960s have a long and diverse historic lineage.  The motivation to call for political, social and economic change stemmed from something more than frustration, a newfound sense of entitlement, inspiration gleaned from television sets broadcasting global civil rights’ struggles or the agitation of young bucks of the baby boomer generation keen on upending the status quo.  

From before Partition to the onset of the Troubles and beyond ...


The “Boast Of Antiquity”: Pulpit Politics Across The Atlantic Archipelago During The Revolution Of 1688, Newton Key Aug 2014

The “Boast Of Antiquity”: Pulpit Politics Across The Atlantic Archipelago During The Revolution Of 1688, Newton Key

Newton Key

John Locke and many others noted the vibrant political commentary from the pulpit during the Glorious Revolution. Preachers from the full confessional spectrum in England, and especially in Scotland, Ireland, and the colonies, used occasional or state sermons to explain contemporary upheavals from the perspective of God’s law, Natural law, and Civil law. Most surprising is the latter, clerical reference to civil history and ancient origins, which preachers used to answer contemporary questions of conquest and allegiance. Clergy revisited the origins and constitutional roots of the Britons, Anglo-Saxons, Scots, and Irish, and deployed histories of legendary kings and imaginary ...


Comment For The Panel “The Interiorisation Of Difference: Music, Literature And Fine Art From The Enlightenment To The Present”, Annette Chapman-Adisho Apr 2013

Comment For The Panel “The Interiorisation Of Difference: Music, Literature And Fine Art From The Enlightenment To The Present”, Annette Chapman-Adisho

Annette Chapman-Adisho

Comment for the panel “The Interiorisation of Difference: Music, Literature and Fine Art from the Enlightenment to the Present,” on Saturday, April 6th.


Ideology In Urban South Vietnam, 1950-1975 (Dissertation), Tuan Hoang Mar 2013

Ideology In Urban South Vietnam, 1950-1975 (Dissertation), Tuan Hoang

Tuan Hoang

No abstract provided.


Narratives Serially Constructed And Lived: Ethnicity In Cross-Gender Strikes 1887-1903, Ileen A. Devault Oct 2012

Narratives Serially Constructed And Lived: Ethnicity In Cross-Gender Strikes 1887-1903, Ileen A. Devault

Ileen A DeVault

[Excerpt] The strikes narrated in this paper have illustrated different ways in which individuals' recognition of ethnic identity could interact with their recognition of gender and class identities. In each strike workers' identities developed along with the serial narrative of the particular strike situation. The use of Sartre's concept of the series helps us think about the many possible variations of class, ethnicity, and gender. Though Sartre planned to use his concept of series as a way to examine peoples' class identities, my employment of the concept broadens it to include other categories of identification as well. Using the ...


How The British Gun Control Program Precipitated The American Revolution, David B. Kopel Jan 2012

How The British Gun Control Program Precipitated The American Revolution, David B. Kopel

David B Kopel

Abstract: This Article chronologically reviews the British gun control which precipitated the American Revolution: the 1774 import ban on firearms and gun powder; the 1774-75 confiscations of firearms and gun powder, from individuals and from local governments; and the use of violence to effectuate the confiscations. It was these events which changed a situation of rising political tension into a shooting war. Each of these British abuses provides insights into the scope of the modern Second Amendment.

From the events of 1774-75, we can discern that import restrictions or bans on firearms or ammunition are constitutionally suspect — at least if ...


Tripartism In Ireland, Jon Foster Dec 2011

Tripartism In Ireland, Jon Foster

Jon Foster

Over the past few years, the term “PIIGS” has become synonymous with economic concerns and fears of collapse. The acronym, which currently refers to the European countries of Portugal, Italy, Ireland, Greece, and Spain: was originally just ‘PIGS’ , used to group the similar economies of Southern Europe when considering them for acceptance into the European Monetary Union. Nevertheless, as a result of the global financial crisis, this term soon came to identify economically weak and overly indebted nations. However, unlike Italy, Greece, and Portugal, who had before the crisis demonstrated relatively slow growth, modest unemployment, and a propensity to run ...


Diasporic Designs Of House, Home, And Haven In Toni Morrison's Paradise, Cynthia Dobbs May 2011

Diasporic Designs Of House, Home, And Haven In Toni Morrison's Paradise, Cynthia Dobbs

Cynthia Dobbs

No abstract provided.


Inside Greenwich Village [Full Book], Gerald W. Mcfarland May 2011

Inside Greenwich Village [Full Book], Gerald W. Mcfarland

Gerald W. McFarland

No abstract provided.


Tactics, Politics, And Propaganda In The Irish War Of Independence, 1917-1921, Mike Rast May 2011

Tactics, Politics, And Propaganda In The Irish War Of Independence, 1917-1921, Mike Rast

M. C. Rast

This thesis examines the influences on and evolution of the Irish Republican Army’s guerrilla war strategy between 1917 and 1921. Utilizing newspapers, government documents, and memoirs of participants, this study highlights the role of propaganda and political concerns in waging an insurgency. It argues that while tactical innovation took place in the field, IRA General Headquarters imposed policy and directed the conflict with a concern for the political results of military action. While implementing strategies necessary to effective conduct of the war, this Headquarters staff was unable to reconcile a disjointed and overburdened command structure, leading its disintegration after ...


Comrade Father Thomas Mcgrady: A Socialist Priest's Quest For Equality Through Socialism, Jacob H. Dorn Apr 2010

Comrade Father Thomas Mcgrady: A Socialist Priest's Quest For Equality Through Socialism, Jacob H. Dorn

Jacob Dorn

No abstract provided.


From Quilts To Chenille Bedspreads To Carpets, Lydia F. Knight Jan 2009

From Quilts To Chenille Bedspreads To Carpets, Lydia F. Knight

Lydia F. Knight

No abstract provided.


The Art Of Medicine And The Lowly Foot: Treating Aches, Sprains, And Fractures In The Ancient World, Georgia L. Irby Dec 2008

The Art Of Medicine And The Lowly Foot: Treating Aches, Sprains, And Fractures In The Ancient World, Georgia L. Irby

Georgia L. Irby

No abstract provided.


Myths And Symbols Of The American Nation, Francoise Le Jeune Pr Dec 2006

Myths And Symbols Of The American Nation, Francoise Le Jeune Pr

Francoise LE JEUNE

No abstract provided.


Towards A Bibliography Of Critical Whiteness Studies, Tim Engles Nov 2006

Towards A Bibliography Of Critical Whiteness Studies, Tim Engles

Tim Engles

As the title implies, this book offers a multi-disciplinary overview of the explosion of work in scholarly critical whiteness studies. The contributing bibliographers acknowledge that this work follows and builds upon a great deal of whiteness critique previously provided by African American writers, and by those writing from other racialized positions. Each section provides a solid introduction to key concepts and practices regarding whiteness in a particular field, including: philosophy, history, literature, cinema, the visual arts, psychology, education, media studies, qualitative inquiry, personal narratives, and international and comparative approaches.


Metropolitan Puritans And The Varieties Of Godly Reform In Monmouth, Newton Key, Joseph P. Ward Nov 2005

Metropolitan Puritans And The Varieties Of Godly Reform In Monmouth, Newton Key, Joseph P. Ward

Newton Key

Oliver Cromwell's opening speech to the Assembly of Saints (Barebones
Parliament) on 4 July 1653 has been singled out as 'the high-water mark
of radicalism' because his millenarian and reformist language revealed the
influence of London-based Fifth Monarchists. 1 But Cromwell began his
speech not with biblical references but with 'that case ofWales, which I
must confess for my own part I set myself upon, if I should inform you
what discountenance that business of the poor people of God there had' by
the Rump's refusal to renew the Propagation Act 'to the discountenancing
of the honest people ...


The Murderous Insanity Of Love: Sex, Madness, And The Law In The 19th Century, Russell M. Franks Dec 2004

The Murderous Insanity Of Love: Sex, Madness, And The Law In The 19th Century, Russell M. Franks

Russell M. Franks

The late 19th century was a time of dynamic change for the United States. High ideals, progressive reform movements, accelerated industrial expansion, explosive immigration rates, and an increase in urban growth all characterized the Gilded Age of America.

This paper will examine the factors and social conditions that revolutionized how abnormal sexual and gender behavior was interpreted as insanity in and out of the courtroom during this Gilded Age.


The New Haven Negro College And The Meanings Of Race In New England, 1776-1870, James B. Stewart Dec 2002

The New Haven Negro College And The Meanings Of Race In New England, 1776-1870, James B. Stewart

James B. Stewart, Retired

No abstract provided.


Rosebloom And Pure White, Or So It Seemed, Mary Niall Mitchell Aug 2002

Rosebloom And Pure White, Or So It Seemed, Mary Niall Mitchell

Mary Niall Mitchell

No abstract provided.


"'Rosebloom And Pure White,' Or So It Seemed", Mary Niall Mitchell Aug 2001

"'Rosebloom And Pure White,' Or So It Seemed", Mary Niall Mitchell

Mary Niall Mitchell

No abstract provided.


The Congregation Of The Mission In The United States:, John E. Rybolt Apr 2001

The Congregation Of The Mission In The United States:, John E. Rybolt

John E Rybolt

The Congregation of the Mission (the Vincentians) arrived in America in 1815. This article traces their history as a mission from Rome (1815-35), a province of the Congregation (1835-88), divided into two provinces (1888-1975), and again into five provinces (from 1975). Its ministries developed from preaching and seminary teaching into other fields, such as university education and foreign missions.


“Slavery, Racist Violence, American Apartheid: The Case For Reparations.”, Sundiata K. Cha-Jua Jan 2001

“Slavery, Racist Violence, American Apartheid: The Case For Reparations.”, Sundiata K. Cha-Jua

Sundiata K Cha-Jua

LIKE THE PROVERBIAL COMET, over the last year the demand for reparations has blazed across the political skyline. Few current issues burn as brightly among African Americans. The movement's surging growth has predictably provoked renewed opposition. Recently critiques of the escalating reparations movement have come from two very different sources: Adolph L. Reed, Jr., a justly-respected African American radical, and David Horowitz, an unrespected neoconservative ideologue. This paper has three interconnected objectives: (1) to explicate Reed's and Horowitz's arguments; (2) to contextualize their arguments; and (3) to suggest an alternative reading of the reparations movement. The first ...


The Age Of Entanglement, David D. Nolte Dec 2000

The Age Of Entanglement, David D. Nolte

David D Nolte

Quantum mechanics is a venerable field of study. The year 2000 marked the 100th anniversary of the
original quantum hypothesis proposed by Max Planck in November of 1900. Few current fields in physics
or engineering are as old as quantum mechanics. It predates relativity, both special and general. It predates
nuclear and particle physics. Quantum mechanics even predates universal acceptance of the molecular
hypothesis, that is, that all matter is made up of individual molecules in thermal motion. It may be hard to
believe, but this happened only after Einstein's paper on Brownian motion was published in his miracle ...