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The Industry And Occupation Incidence Of State Mandated Maternity Benefits, Adam Bahr 2018 Utah State University

The Industry And Occupation Incidence Of State Mandated Maternity Benefits, Adam Bahr

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Government mandates are often used to promote equality in the workplace, often imposing additional costs upon employers. Economic theory suggest that these additional costs will be shifted onto the employees through a reduction in wages. However, when wage shifting is not an option due to anti-discrimination laws, how will employers respond to the additional costs imposed? Gruber (1994) found that wage shifting occurs when the groups benefiting from a government mandate are easily identifiable to the employer, despite the existence of anti-discrimination laws.

This study seeks to further the work of Gruber (1994) and examine wage shifting at an industry ...


Effective Resource Utilization In Arkansas Public Schools, Ryan Sanders 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Effective Resource Utilization In Arkansas Public Schools, Ryan Sanders

Industrial Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Teacher pay in Arkansas public schools varies widely from district to district across the state. This pay discrepancy is driven by both the funds available to a district and by how these funds are allocated. There is a standard per student budget given to districts across the state, but this budget can be supplemented by additional property taxes collected on property within a district. This leaves districts with more highly valued property at an advantage. Districts are free to allocate their budget for teacher pay as they see fit, with constraints on number of students per teacher and minimum teacher ...


Assessing Nonprofit Ceo Compensation: Does The Media Provide A Fair Perspective?, Amanda Atchison 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Assessing Nonprofit Ceo Compensation: Does The Media Provide A Fair Perspective?, Amanda Atchison

Finance Undergraduate Honors Theses

The media plays an active role in forming external stakeholders’ perception of business matters. When it comes to nonprofit business, the media is a source of information that, in theory, works to bridge the gap between external stakeholders’ unfamiliarity with nonprofit regulation and what is actually required of the nonprofit sector. This concept is especially present regarding the topic of nonprofit CEO compensation. The goal of this paper is to discuss how media addresses nonprofit CEO compensation and to determine whether or not the media fairly portrays the entire story by assessing current data along with trends in historical data ...


How Managers Can Create A Fair Compensation Procedure In The Engineering Sector, Jose Banos Sanchez 2018 Portland State University

How Managers Can Create A Fair Compensation Procedure In The Engineering Sector, Jose Banos Sanchez

Engineering and Technology Management Student Projects

This research has analyzed the feedback from managers and technicians in high tech companies when doing the individual evaluation of performance using a dualperspective approach. The research has established a list of categories and subcategories that all managers should include in a fair performance evaluation according to the feedback from different experts, avoiding potential bias described in Messick & Bazerman, (1996) and clearly known in advance by all the employees who will be evaluated. Finally, the paper concludes with an analysis of the potential impact and contribution to the employee’s satisfaction of alternatives methods of rewarding (using four options, money ...


Perspectives On Sabbaticals And Job Satisfaction In Nonprofit Organizations, Beth Anne Spacht 2018 University of Richmond

Perspectives On Sabbaticals And Job Satisfaction In Nonprofit Organizations, Beth Anne Spacht

School of Professional and Continuing Studies Nonprofit Studies Capstone Projects

For mission-driven organizations with limited resources to invest in employee salary and development, retaining top talent is a critical challenge. The monetary toll of turnover is particularly harmful to small organizations, which make up 66.3 percent of the nonprofit sector. To keep staff satisfied and incentivized to stay, nonprofits need to innovate creative new strategies to retain employees. The nonprofit sabbatical, a period of rest and renewal given to reward years of service, is one possible solution to reduce burnout and reward longevity. This exploratory study investigated the benefits and challenges of nonprofit sabbaticals in relation to theories of ...


A Multifaceted View Of Ceo Compensation And Performance: A Case Study, John Nirenberg 2018 Stamford International University

A Multifaceted View Of Ceo Compensation And Performance: A Case Study, John Nirenberg

Journal of Social Change

This case addresses CEO pay, a topic that annually stimulates the question of whether or not executive compensation is based on performance or something else and why it is so high in absolute terms. The societal impact of the new class of executives among the largest companies in the United States set apart from the rest of the world in a cocoon of wealth and privilege inflames resentment among workers, widens an already unfathomable distance between those at the top and the rest of us, and endangers the social amity among citizens of the polity . Positive social change might result ...


The Gender Wage Gap: Causes, Consequences, And Remedies, Yaveline Aly 2017 Bridgewater State University

The Gender Wage Gap: Causes, Consequences, And Remedies, Yaveline Aly

Honors Program Theses and Projects

Women are almost half of the workforce, yet they are still getting pay less than men. They receive more college degree than men. Hispanic women and African American women get pay even less than men. For every 40 hours that Americans women work, they only get pay 80 cents for every dollar paid to men. Wage discrimination is a reality. Society needs to take a stand and fight for wages equality (NWLC.org). Although the equal pay act was implemented 50 years ago, women of every race and education level are still getting pay less than men. It only gets ...


Heroes: How Hr Leaders Can Help End Sexual Violence Against Women, Wyatt Pagano 2017 Brigham Young University

Heroes: How Hr Leaders Can Help End Sexual Violence Against Women, Wyatt Pagano

Marriott Student Review

This article explores the nature of the negative consequences of sexual violence for victims and the resulting problems that sexual misconduct can cause for businesses. Also, the article aims to demonstrate ways that HR leaders can help prevent violence and alleviate its consequences, leading to a better, safer workplace and world for women everywhere.


Unions And The Labor Market For Managers, John DiNardo, Kevin F. Hallock, Jörn-Steffen Pischke 2017 University of California, Irvine

Unions And The Labor Market For Managers, John Dinardo, Kevin F. Hallock, Jörn-Steffen Pischke

Kevin F Hallock

We examine the relationship between the employment and compensation of managers and CEOs and the presence of a unionized workforce. We develop a simple efficiency wage model, with a tradeoff between higher wages for workers and more monitoring, which requires more managers. The model also assumes rent sharing between workers, managers and the owners of the firm. Unions, by redistributing rents towards the workers, lead to lower employment and lower pay for managers. Using a variety of data sets, we examine the implications of the model for the relationship between the employment and wages of managers and unionization. We find ...


The Value Of Stock Options To Non-Executive Employees, Kevin F. Hallock, Craig A. Olson 2017 Cornell University

The Value Of Stock Options To Non-Executive Employees, Kevin F. Hallock, Craig A. Olson

Kevin F Hallock

This study empirically investigates the value employees place on stock options using information from the option exercise behavior of individuals. Employees hold options for another period if the value from holding them and reserving the right to exercise them later is higher than the value of exercising them immediately and collecting a profit equal to the stock price minus the exercise price. This simple model implies the hazard describing employee exercise behavior reveals information about the value to employees of holding options another time period. We show the parameters of this model are identified with data on multiple option grants ...


The Front Lines: Employer Provided Paid Parental Leave In The United States, Daniela Clark 2017 Texas A&M University School of Law

The Front Lines: Employer Provided Paid Parental Leave In The United States, Daniela Clark

Cornell HR Review

[Excerpt] Parental leave has largely remained undiscussed in the United States since the late 1980s to early 1990s. The enactment of the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993, which gave parents twelve weeks of unpaid parental leave, seemed to satiate scholarly writers. Encouragingly, the topic of parental leave has had a resurgence within the last election cycle. This article discusses the advances that employers are making to privately provide paid parental leave to their employees, the impact that makes on the employees, and explores the possibility of expanding the Family and Medical Leave Act to a paid parental leave ...


Scholarly Pursuits: Minimum Wage Hikes = Automation = Fewer Jobs? No So, Study Says; The 606 Trail Raises Home Prices And Affordability Concerns, 2017 DePaul University

Scholarly Pursuits: Minimum Wage Hikes = Automation = Fewer Jobs? No So, Study Says; The 606 Trail Raises Home Prices And Affordability Concerns

Business Exchange

A study of minimum wage increases found that they expedite the automation of low-wage jobs but that there was growth in other types of low-wage employment related to this automation.

A study by the Institute for Housing Studies found that homebuyers are paying more to be near Chicago's Bloomingdale Trail, also know as The 606, a linear park on the city's Northwest Side.


The Effect Of Cost Of Living On Employee Wages In The Hospitality Industry, Michael C. Sturman, Andrey D. Ukhov, Sanghee Park 2017 Cornell University School of Hotel Administration

The Effect Of Cost Of Living On Employee Wages In The Hospitality Industry, Michael C. Sturman, Andrey D. Ukhov, Sanghee Park

Articles and Chapters

This study examines the effect of cost of living (COL) on employee wages in the hotel industry. Although prior research clearly indicates that COL and wages are positively related, there is a lack of research explicitly considering the specific nature of the relationship between COL and wages, and potential moderators to the relationship. Using a dataset containing information on 97 jobs over 67 cities, our study shows that while there is a positive effect of COL on wages, the adjustment is not equal in magnitude to the difference that the COL levels would indicate. Furthermore, the effect of COL decreases ...


A Mixed-Methods Study: Self-Efficacy And Barriers To Participation In Workplace Wellness Programs, Massiel Perez-Calhoon 2017 Brandman University

A Mixed-Methods Study: Self-Efficacy And Barriers To Participation In Workplace Wellness Programs, Massiel Perez-Calhoon

Dissertations

America needs a healthy workforce to sustain the country. The scourge of obesity continues to plague Americans despite government initiatives such as the Affordable Care Act and wellness programs in the workplace to combat this epidemic. However, despite initiatives to make America healthy, barriers continued to impede the nation’s health. Lack of awareness and sensitivity to what motivates individual participants versus group participants built formidable barriers to accessing all workplace employees equitably. The purpose of this study was twofold. First, the intent of this study was to explore the relationship between self-efficacy and the impact on participation and engagement ...


Sports, Inc. Volume 9, Issue 2, ILR Cornell Sports Business Society 2017 Cornell University ILR School

Sports, Inc. Volume 9, Issue 2, Ilr Cornell Sports Business Society

Sports, Inc.

The ILR Cornell Sports Business Society magazine is a semester publication titled Sports, Inc. This publication serves as a space for our membership to publish and feature in-depth research and well-thought out ideas to advance the world of sport. The magazine can be found in the Office of Student Services and is distributed to alumni who come visit us on campus. Issues are reproduced here with permission of the ILR Cornell Sports Business Society.


Asset Owner Governance And Fiduciary Effectiveness: The Case Of Public Pension Plans, Christopher Kinne Merker 2017 Marquette University

Asset Owner Governance And Fiduciary Effectiveness: The Case Of Public Pension Plans, Christopher Kinne Merker

Dissertations (2009 -)

Purpose: The U.S. and many developed countries are currently facing a retirement savings crisis. The governance of institutional funds, such as public pension plans, is coming under greater scrutiny in light of systematic chronic underfunding, declining investment returns and shifts into higher risk asset classes. A disconnect exists between an organization’s process under the standards, and the outcome of this process, the overall effectiveness of the organization and, in particular, its investment performance and funding status. Methodology: In 2012, there were approximately 6,300 public retirement systems in the United States with over $3 trillion in assets. We ...


Are Bonus Pools Driven By Their Incentive Effects? Evidence From Fluctuations In Gainsharing Incentives, Alan Benson, Sima Sajjadiani 2017 University of Minnesota, Carlson School of Management

Are Bonus Pools Driven By Their Incentive Effects? Evidence From Fluctuations In Gainsharing Incentives, Alan Benson, Sima Sajjadiani

Institute for Compensation Studies

Shared bonus pools, in which a worker’s bonus depends both on a worker’s share of the pool (which serves as the incentive) and on the size of the pool (which is largely outside of the worker’s control), are a common method for distributing bonus pay. Using variation in the size of the bonus pool generated by a manufacturing plant’s gainsharing plan, which varies incentives for quality and worker engagement, we evaluate the conditions under which incentives distributed from bonus pools have incentive effects. Overall, results are cautionary: the evidence suggests gainsharing’s benefits operate outside of ...


2018 Military Retirement Options: An Expected Net Present Value Decision Analysis Model, Bret N. Witham 2017 Air Force Institute of Technology

2018 Military Retirement Options: An Expected Net Present Value Decision Analysis Model, Bret N. Witham

Theses and Dissertations

The 2016 NDAA authorized changes to the military retirement system transitioning from the legacy High-3 defined benefit annuity to the new Blended Retirement System (BRS). In exchange for a reduced defined benefit annuity, the BRS incorporates automatic and matching contributions to the member’s Thrift Savings Plan and a continuation payment offered at 12 years of service. In 2018,service members with less than 12 years of service will make an irrevocable decision between the two retirement systems. This research effort addresses the problem by developing a decision analysis model incorporating up to 27 different input variables. Service members can ...


Dismantling Solidarity: Capitalist Politics And American Pensions Since The New Deal, Michael A. McCarthy 2017 Marquette University

Dismantling Solidarity: Capitalist Politics And American Pensions Since The New Deal, Michael A. Mccarthy

Book Samples

[Excerpt] Why has old-age security become less solidaristic and increasingly tied to risky capitalist markets? Drawing on rich archival data that covers more than fifty years of American history, Michael A. McCarthy argues that the critical driver was policymakers' reactions to capitalist crises and their political imperative to promote capitalist growth.Pension development has followed three paths of marketization in America since the New Deal, each distinct but converging: occupational pension plans were adopted as an alternative to real increases in Social Security benefits after World War II, private pension assets were then financialized and invested into the stock market ...


Millennials On The Move, But To Where?, Zach Kisor, Shelby Hoge, Ashley Cosher, Bethany Gump, Derek Carson, Kristi Mitchell 2017 The University of Akron

Millennials On The Move, But To Where?, Zach Kisor, Shelby Hoge, Ashley Cosher, Bethany Gump, Derek Carson, Kristi Mitchell

Honors Research Projects

The following reports discuss the geographical preferences of Millennials in relation to job selection preferences. Our team analyzed the moving trends of Millennials in both Ohio and the United States to determine what factors influence this decision. Collectively, our team concluded that in order to successfully recruit Millennials, companies must offer benefit packages that center around work-life balance. This entails not just highlighting what a job requires technically, but opportunities for leadership development, social activities outside of work, and more. To recruit this upcoming talent, companies need a holistic approach that convinces Millennials that working for their company creates a ...


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