The Gender Wage Gap: Causes, Consequences, And Remedies, 2017 Bridgewater State University
The Gender Wage Gap: Causes, Consequences, And Remedies, Yaveline Aly
Honors Program Theses and Projects
Women are almost half of the workforce, yet they are still getting pay less than men. They receive more college degree than men. Hispanic women and African American women get pay even less than men. For every 40 hours that Americans women work, they only get pay 80 cents for every dollar paid to men. Wage discrimination is a reality. Society needs to take a stand and fight for wages equality (NWLC.org). Although the equal pay act was implemented 50 years ago, women of every race and education level are still getting pay less than men. It only gets ...
Heroes: How Hr Leaders Can Help End Sexual Violence Against Women, 2017 Brigham Young University
Heroes: How Hr Leaders Can Help End Sexual Violence Against Women, Wyatt Pagano
Marriott Student Review
This article explores the nature of the negative consequences of sexual violence for victims and the resulting problems that sexual misconduct can cause for businesses. Also, the article aims to demonstrate ways that HR leaders can help prevent violence and alleviate its consequences, leading to a better, safer workplace and world for women everywhere.
Unions And The Labor Market For Managers, 2017 University of California, Irvine
Unions And The Labor Market For Managers, John Dinardo, Kevin F. Hallock, Jörn-Steffen Pischke
Kevin F Hallock
We examine the relationship between the employment and compensation of managers and CEOs and the presence of a unionized workforce. We develop a simple efficiency wage model, with a tradeoff between higher wages for workers and more monitoring, which requires more managers. The model also assumes rent sharing between workers, managers and the owners of the firm. Unions, by redistributing rents towards the workers, lead to lower employment and lower pay for managers. Using a variety of data sets, we examine the implications of the model for the relationship between the employment and wages of managers and unionization. We find ...
The Value Of Stock Options To Non-Executive Employees, 2017 Cornell University
The Value Of Stock Options To Non-Executive Employees, Kevin F. Hallock, Craig A. Olson
Kevin F Hallock
This study empirically investigates the value employees place on stock options using information from the option exercise behavior of individuals. Employees hold options for another period if the value from holding them and reserving the right to exercise them later is higher than the value of exercising them immediately and collecting a profit equal to the stock price minus the exercise price. This simple model implies the hazard describing employee exercise behavior reveals information about the value to employees of holding options another time period. We show the parameters of this model are identified with data on multiple option grants ...
The Front Lines: Employer Provided Paid Parental Leave In The United States, 2017 Texas A&M University School of Law
The Front Lines: Employer Provided Paid Parental Leave In The United States, Daniela Clark
Cornell HR Review
[Excerpt] Parental leave has largely remained undiscussed in the United States since the late 1980s to early 1990s. The enactment of the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993, which gave parents twelve weeks of unpaid parental leave, seemed to satiate scholarly writers. Encouragingly, the topic of parental leave has had a resurgence within the last election cycle. This article discusses the advances that employers are making to privately provide paid parental leave to their employees, the impact that makes on the employees, and explores the possibility of expanding the Family and Medical Leave Act to a paid parental leave ...
Scholarly Pursuits: Minimum Wage Hikes = Automation = Fewer Jobs? No So, Study Says; The 606 Trail Raises Home Prices And Affordability Concerns
A study of minimum wage increases found that they expedite the automation of low-wage jobs but that there was growth in other types of low-wage employment related to this automation.
A study by the Institute for Housing Studies found that homebuyers are paying more to be near Chicago's Bloomingdale Trail, also know as The 606, a linear park on the city's Northwest Side.
The Effect Of Cost Of Living On Employee Wages In The Hospitality Industry, 2017 Cornell University School of Hotel Administration
The Effect Of Cost Of Living On Employee Wages In The Hospitality Industry, Michael C. Sturman, Andrey D. Ukhov, Sanghee Park
Articles and Chapters
This study examines the effect of cost of living (COL) on employee wages in the hotel industry. Although prior research clearly indicates that COL and wages are positively related, there is a lack of research explicitly considering the specific nature of the relationship between COL and wages, and potential moderators to the relationship. Using a dataset containing information on 97 jobs over 67 cities, our study shows that while there is a positive effect of COL on wages, the adjustment is not equal in magnitude to the difference that the COL levels would indicate. Furthermore, the effect of COL decreases ...
A Mixed-Methods Study: Self-Efficacy And Barriers To Participation In Workplace Wellness Programs, 2017 Brandman University
A Mixed-Methods Study: Self-Efficacy And Barriers To Participation In Workplace Wellness Programs, Massiel Perez-Calhoon
America needs a healthy workforce to sustain the country. The scourge of obesity continues to plague Americans despite government initiatives such as the Affordable Care Act and wellness programs in the workplace to combat this epidemic. However, despite initiatives to make America healthy, barriers continued to impede the nation’s health. Lack of awareness and sensitivity to what motivates individual participants versus group participants built formidable barriers to accessing all workplace employees equitably. The purpose of this study was twofold. First, the intent of this study was to explore the relationship between self-efficacy and the impact on participation and engagement ...
Are Bonus Pools Driven By Their Incentive Effects? Evidence From Fluctuations In Gainsharing Incentives, 2017 University of Minnesota, Carlson School of Management
Are Bonus Pools Driven By Their Incentive Effects? Evidence From Fluctuations In Gainsharing Incentives, Alan Benson, Sima Sajjadiani
Institute for Compensation Studies
Shared bonus pools, in which a worker’s bonus depends both on a worker’s share of the pool (which serves as the incentive) and on the size of the pool (which is largely outside of the worker’s control), are a common method for distributing bonus pay. Using variation in the size of the bonus pool generated by a manufacturing plant’s gainsharing plan, which varies incentives for quality and worker engagement, we evaluate the conditions under which incentives distributed from bonus pools have incentive effects. Overall, results are cautionary: the evidence suggests gainsharing’s benefits operate outside of ...
Sports, Inc. Volume 9, Issue 2, 2017 Cornell University ILR School
Sports, Inc. Volume 9, Issue 2, Ilr Cornell Sports Business Society
The ILR Cornell Sports Business Society magazine is a semester publication titled Sports, Inc. This publication serves as a space for our membership to publish and feature in-depth research and well-thought out ideas to advance the world of sport. The magazine can be found in the Office of Student Services and is distributed to alumni who come visit us on campus. Issues are reproduced here with permission of the ILR Cornell Sports Business Society.
Asset Owner Governance And Fiduciary Effectiveness: The Case Of Public Pension Plans, 2017 Marquette University
Asset Owner Governance And Fiduciary Effectiveness: The Case Of Public Pension Plans, Christopher Kinne Merker
Dissertations (2009 -)
Purpose: The U.S. and many developed countries are currently facing a retirement savings crisis. The governance of institutional funds, such as public pension plans, is coming under greater scrutiny in light of systematic chronic underfunding, declining investment returns and shifts into higher risk asset classes. A disconnect exists between an organization’s process under the standards, and the outcome of this process, the overall effectiveness of the organization and, in particular, its investment performance and funding status. Methodology: In 2012, there were approximately 6,300 public retirement systems in the United States with over $3 trillion in assets. We ...
2018 Military Retirement Options: An Expected Net Present Value Decision Analysis Model, 2017 Air Force Institute of Technology
2018 Military Retirement Options: An Expected Net Present Value Decision Analysis Model, Bret N. Witham
Theses and Dissertations
The 2016 NDAA authorized changes to the military retirement system transitioning from the legacy High-3 defined benefit annuity to the new Blended Retirement System (BRS). In exchange for a reduced defined benefit annuity, the BRS incorporates automatic and matching contributions to the member’s Thrift Savings Plan and a continuation payment offered at 12 years of service. In 2018,service members with less than 12 years of service will make an irrevocable decision between the two retirement systems. This research effort addresses the problem by developing a decision analysis model incorporating up to 27 different input variables. Service members can ...
Dismantling Solidarity: Capitalist Politics And American Pensions Since The New Deal, 2017 Marquette University
Dismantling Solidarity: Capitalist Politics And American Pensions Since The New Deal, Michael A. Mccarthy
[Excerpt] Why has old-age security become less solidaristic and increasingly tied to risky capitalist markets? Drawing on rich archival data that covers more than fifty years of American history, Michael A. McCarthy argues that the critical driver was policymakers' reactions to capitalist crises and their political imperative to promote capitalist growth.Pension development has followed three paths of marketization in America since the New Deal, each distinct but converging: occupational pension plans were adopted as an alternative to real increases in Social Security benefits after World War II, private pension assets were then financialized and invested into the stock market ...
Millennials On The Move, But To Where?, 2017 The University of Akron
Millennials On The Move, But To Where?, Zach Kisor, Shelby Hoge, Ashley Cosher, Bethany Gump, Derek Carson, Kristi Mitchell
Honors Research Projects
The following reports discuss the geographical preferences of Millennials in relation to job selection preferences. Our team analyzed the moving trends of Millennials in both Ohio and the United States to determine what factors influence this decision. Collectively, our team concluded that in order to successfully recruit Millennials, companies must offer benefit packages that center around work-life balance. This entails not just highlighting what a job requires technically, but opportunities for leadership development, social activities outside of work, and more. To recruit this upcoming talent, companies need a holistic approach that convinces Millennials that working for their company creates a ...
Nonprofit Pay In A Competitive Market: Wage Penalty Or Premium?, 2017 University of Nebraska–Lincoln
Nonprofit Pay In A Competitive Market: Wage Penalty Or Premium?, Christian King, Gregory B. Lewis
Nutrition and Health Sciences -- Faculty Publications
Two competing theories argue that the nonprofit sector pays differently: Nonprofit employees may accept lower pay to be able to do meaningful work for a good cause, or they may earn higher pay due to nonprofit organizations’ tax exemptions and weaker incentives to hold down wages. To test these opposing expectations, we use the 2005-2013 American Community Surveys to examine pay differences among registered nurses working for nonprofit, for-profit, and public hospitals. We also test hypotheses that public and nonprofit hospitals have smaller pay disparities by gender, race, and relationship status. We find that pay is highest in nonprofit hospitals ...
Librarians And Compensation Negotiation In The Library Workplace, 2017 University of Minnesota - Twin Cities
Librarians And Compensation Negotiation In The Library Workplace, Shannon L. Farrell, Aliqae Geraci
Articles and Chapters
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to report on survey results from a study about librarians’ experience with compensation (salary and benefits) negotiation in the library workplace in order to provide data that will inform professional discourse and practice.
Design/methodology/approach - A primarily quantitative survey instrument was administered via Qualtrics Survey Software and distributed through listservs and social media channels representing a range of library types and sub-disciplines. The survey was explicitly addressed to librarians for participation and asked them questions related to their work history and experience with negotiating for salary and benefits.
Findings - A total of ...
The Impact Of Internal Hiring Processes On Women's Career Advancement And Pay, 2017 Cornell University
The Impact Of Internal Hiring Processes On Women's Career Advancement And Pay, J.R. Keller
Gender inequality is a frustratingly stubborn and persistent challenge for many organizations. Not surprisingly, then, practitioners and scholars alike have called for additional research into gender differences in advancement and pay both to uncover the reasons why they occur and to suggest ways they might be mitigated, if not eliminated. This study answers that call by examining whether formal job posting is superior to informal sponsorships in: (1) fostering the advancement of women into higher-level jobs, (2) reducing the pay gap between men and women as they progress in organizations, and (3) encouraging women to seek higher-level jobs ...
Gerald Davis, The Vanishing American Corporation (2016), 2016 University of Rhode Island
Gerald Davis, The Vanishing American Corporation (2016), James R. Blair
Markets, Globalization & Development Review
No abstract provided.
A Mixed Integer Linear Programming Approach For Developing Salary Administration Systems, 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
A Mixed Integer Linear Programming Approach For Developing Salary Administration Systems, Taner Cokyasar
Determining salary increases of executive personnel is a challenging decision process for many companies. Salary administration policies that aid in the determination of salary increases and other compensation benefits have a wide variety of advantages for both a company and its employees. This thesis develops a mathematical programming approach to create a salary administration system that recognizes the importance of performance and potential of employees for future promotions as major components of a salary increase policy for executive personnel. A number of companies all over the world use salary administration systems that integrate work performance and potential for advancement to ...
Parental Leave At Bsu – What We Have And What We Need, 2016 Bridgewater State University
Parental Leave At Bsu – What We Have And What We Need, Martina B. Arndt, Laura Ramsey, Kimberly E. Fox, Pamela J. Russell Dr, Michael Young
No abstract provided.