Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Ancient Philosophy Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

743 Full-Text Articles 457 Authors 73728 Downloads 48 Institutions

All Articles in Ancient Philosophy

Faceted Search

743 full-text articles. Page 3 of 12.

Innovation & Hoplite Ideology: The Relation Of Martial Equipment To Ideology In Archaic And Classical Greece, William D. Henry 2016 Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH

Innovation & Hoplite Ideology: The Relation Of Martial Equipment To Ideology In Archaic And Classical Greece, William D. Henry

Honors Bachelor of Arts

The evidence which I present in this paper seems to suggest that there is an underlying ideology contributing to how hoplitic warfare is conducted. Further, I would argue that this ideology is more important to understanding and defining a hoplite than the definition given above. This ideology, I will argue even further, contributed to the slow adaption and evolution of the hoplitic panoply by which we now generally define hoplites. Lastly, I will discuss how this ideology changes during the period between the Archaic and Classical periods, and how this change affects the use of equipment. Therefore, there are two ...


Girls, Girls, Girls The Prostitute In Roman New Comedy And The Pro Caelio, Nicholas R. Jannazo 2016 Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH

Girls, Girls, Girls The Prostitute In Roman New Comedy And The Pro Caelio, Nicholas R. Jannazo

Honors Bachelor of Arts

Prostitution is often said to be the oldest profession in the world, having occurred since the ancient times of Greece and Rome. Today’s American society views prostitution as immoral and repulsive, but this has not always been the case. In ancient Rome, Roman men were able to visit a brothel, pay for the company of a prostitute, and leave without being looked down upon or reproached, so long as they did so in moderation. If they frequently visited brothels, though, Roman men were admonished and scolded, as Cato does to a well-known gentleman after seeing him leave a brothel ...


America And Athens As Seen Through South Park And Aristophanes, James F. Neyer 2016 Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH

America And Athens As Seen Through South Park And Aristophanes, James F. Neyer

Honors Bachelor of Arts

When Dionysius the tyrant wished to be educated on the polity of Athens, Plato was said to have sent him the poetry of Aristophanes. It was through the works of Aristophanes that foreigners could learn how Athens functioned. The works of Aristophanes span 37 years, and won him multiple awards in this time. If Dionysius wished to learn about modern day America, then I think it would be best to give him the corpus of South Park. Over the course of two decades, this series has aired 267 episodes and has been consistently renewed. Though South Park does not capture ...


Homer's Music Through Plato's Ears, Dereck Wayne Basinger 2016 College of William and Mary

Homer's Music Through Plato's Ears, Dereck Wayne Basinger

Undergraduate Honors Theses

When ancient Greeks heard a melody played on an instrument or sung by a voice, what cultural assumptions and associations did they bring to that performance? My thesis is a synthesis of previous inquiry and occupies what I hope to be a middle ground between the theoretical conclusions of ancient Greek philosophy and the interaction of ancient Greek literature regarding the topic of music. I argue that a basic cultural understanding of the nature of music can be found where these two disparate bodies of text meet. To achieve this, I compare the way in which Plato discusses music in ...


The Seed Of Principate: Annona And Imperial Politics, Joseph B. Ruter III 2016 Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH

The Seed Of Principate: Annona And Imperial Politics, Joseph B. Ruter Iii

Honors Bachelor of Arts

From my study of the annona, I propose a new perspective on the transition between the Republic and the Principate. Each of the big three imperial historians account for the Principate in terms of personal politics and preferences of the “great man” Augustus (Div. Aug. 28; Rom. His. 52.1; Ann. 1.2). By contrast, I argue that the Principate represents the long-term political result of growing social inequality in Rome. From an equalitarian society of yodel-men farmers and shepherds in the 2nd BCE, Rome had evolved into an unequal society by the 2nd CE, where the top ...


"On Γίγνων", Faith D. McFadden 2016 Duquesne University

"On Γίγνων", Faith D. Mcfadden

Essays of Significance

Abstract for On Γίγνων

This paper will examine C.D.C Reeve’s use of ἀγάλματα as a birth metaphor in the dialogue the Symposium, and compare it to the other birth metaphors as found in the Theaetetus. This paper posits that there is a difference betwixt the ἀγάλματα found in Socrates and the διάνοια with which certain men are found to be pregnant[1]. The relationship of ἀγάλματα and διάνοια are commensurate to the relationship of διάνοια and νοήσις as found in the hierarchy of understanding in the soul in the line metaphor of the Republic.

The paper will ...


Aristotle's Ideal Regime As Utopia, Steven Thomason 2016 Ouachita Baptist University, Department of Political Science

Aristotle's Ideal Regime As Utopia, Steven Thomason

Presentations and Lectures

Although Aristotle’s ideal regime discussed in books seven and eight of his Politics seems much more feasible and less utopian than the regime outlined in Plato’s Republic, a few scholars have questioned its feasiblity in light of the real world demands of politics. Similarly, I argue that carefully considered his ideal regime turns-out not to be feasible or a practical recommendation for politics, but rather a thought experiment like Plato’s Republic meant to show the limitations of what is politically achievable. I do so by comparing his ideal regime to his prior discussions of democracy in the ...


Preaching Christ Crucified: Origen’S Apologetic Strategy In Contra Celsum, Morgan S. Thompson 2016 Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH

Preaching Christ Crucified: Origen’S Apologetic Strategy In Contra Celsum, Morgan S. Thompson

Honors Bachelor of Arts

This thesis aims to take part in that discovery by looking away from the popular stories of Christianity’s tumultuous beginnings and towards the interim periods of relative peace between persecutions. Indeed, in following De Ste. Croix’s timeline, there is a noticeable gap between Nero’s persecution in 64 AD and Decius’ in 250 AD. How were Christians interacting with the Roman Empire in those roughly 200 years? While a complete answer to that question is far beyond the scope of this thesis, much insight can still be gained by examining one particular part of the clash between Christians ...


Sagp Newsletter 2015.16.2 Central, Anthony Preus 2016 Binghamton University

Sagp Newsletter 2015.16.2 Central, Anthony Preus

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Sagp Newsletter 2015/16.3 Pacific, Anthony Preus 2016 Binghamton University

Sagp Newsletter 2015/16.3 Pacific, Anthony Preus

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Martin Luther King Jr. In Dialogue With The Ancient Greeks, Timothy Joseph Ph.D. 2016 College of the Holy Cross

Martin Luther King Jr. In Dialogue With The Ancient Greeks, Timothy Joseph Ph.D.

Classics Department Faculty Scholarship

To mark the start of Black History Month, a Classicist reflects on the inspiration King drew from ancient Greek culture.


The Ancient Egyptian Concept Of Maat: Reflections On Social Justice And Natural Order, R. James Ferguson 2016 Bond University

The Ancient Egyptian Concept Of Maat: Reflections On Social Justice And Natural Order, R. James Ferguson

CEWCES Research Papers

The ancient Egyptian conception of Maat includes connotations of ‘order’, ‘harmony’, ‘rightness’ and true witness. It is used in a wide range of religious, ethical and cosmological contexts. Maat as a goddess and idea constituted a fundamental touchstone of ancient Egyptian religion and social life. It emphasized harmonious cooperation as a social idea but also represented the constant cosmic struggle against chaos and disorder. The structural aspects of Maat moved beyond normative descriptions and came to reinforce individual piety, intercessory and confessional patterns of prayer, ‘lay’ religious associations and the emergence of saviour cults that became prominent from the Late ...


Combat Trauma And Tragic Catharsis: An Aristotelian Account Of Tragedy And Trauma, Edward J. Hoffmann 2016 Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH

Combat Trauma And Tragic Catharsis: An Aristotelian Account Of Tragedy And Trauma, Edward J. Hoffmann

Honors Bachelor of Arts

This essay argues that the Greeks experienced and understood combat trauma, and that they used tragedy and the catharsis that it effected as a means of restoring the order of souls traumatized in war. Our examination of the horrors of hoplite warfare should leave us with no question that ancient warfare was no more clean, decent, or glorious than modern war. To treat the trauma induced those horrors, the Greeks did indeed practice certain societal mechanisms, which our own society seems to so sadly lack. One of these was Attic tragedy. Certain of the tragedies explicitly speak to military experience ...


A Papyrus Letter About Epicurean Philosophy Books, James Keenan 2016 Loyola University Chicago

A Papyrus Letter About Epicurean Philosophy Books, James Keenan

James G. Keenan

No abstract provided.


‘If Apprehending Occurs, It Is Not The View’: Sakya Thinkers On The Madhyamaka View Of Freedom From Proliferations, Yaroslav Komarovski 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

‘If Apprehending Occurs, It Is Not The View’: Sakya Thinkers On The Madhyamaka View Of Freedom From Proliferations, Yaroslav Komarovski

Faculty Publications, Classics and Religious Studies Department

This paper addresses several key elements of Sakya thinkers’ approach to Madhyamaka, with the primary focus on their understanding of ultimate reality described as ‘freedom from proliferations’ (spros bral). It first provides a short summary of the general Sakya approach, then addresses works of several early Sakya masters, and finally explores writings of Gowo Rapjampa Sönam Senggé (go bo rab ’byams pa bsod nams seng ge, 1429-1489)— Gorampa (go rams pa) for short—whose position is accepted as representative of the mainstream within the Sakya tradition. Sakya thought in general, and its approach to Madhyamaka in particular, is based largely ...


From The Three Natures To The Two Natures: On A Fluid Approach To The Two Versions Of Other-Emptiness From 15th Century Tibet, Yaroslav Komarovski 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

From The Three Natures To The Two Natures: On A Fluid Approach To The Two Versions Of Other-Emptiness From 15th Century Tibet, Yaroslav Komarovski

Faculty Publications, Classics and Religious Studies Department

In recent years there has been a surge of scholarly interest in diverse systems of Buddhist thought and practice that Tibetan thinkers characterize as “other-emptiness” (gzhan stong), contrasting them with systems of “self-emptiness” (rang stong). While the theories of such exponents of other emptiness as Dölpopa Sherap Gyeltsen (dol po pa shes rab rgyal mtshan, 1292–1361)1 are relatively well known, those of other Tibetan thinkers are only beginning to receive scholarly attention. This paper addresses one such lesser-known other-emptiness theory that was developed by the seminal Tibetan thinker Serdok Penchen Shakya Chokden (gser mdog paṇ chen shākya mchog ...


Emerson On Plato: Literary Philosophy, Dialectic, And The Temporality Of Thought, Jesse I. Bailey 2016 Sacred Heart University

Emerson On Plato: Literary Philosophy, Dialectic, And The Temporality Of Thought, Jesse I. Bailey

Philosophy, Theology and Religious Studies Faculty Publications

For Emerson, Plato is the quintessential philosopher. I will argue that, to the extent that Emerson wanted his essays to have philosophical depth, he considered his work to be an extension of the work found in Plato’s dialogues.


Education_As_A_Human_Right_A_Confucian_P.Pdf, Chenyang Li 2015 Nanyang Technological University

Education_As_A_Human_Right_A_Confucian_P.Pdf, Chenyang Li

Chenyang Li

Joseph Chan’s book is a milestone for the contemporary study of Confucian political
philosophy. In this remarkable work, Chan presents his version of Confucian perfectionism,
aiming to balance liberalism and Confucianism as a solution to reconstructing a political
philosophy in response to contemporary challenges. I am sympathetic to much of what Chan has
to say in the book. I agree that, rather than merely being an ethical theory, Confucianism can and
should have a place in political philosophy. I also agree that Confucianism can coexist with
democracy1 and that human rights can and should be instituted as a fallback ...


Harmony From Confucian, Greek, Liberal, And Global Perspectives, Chenyang Li 2015 Nanyang Technological University

Harmony From Confucian, Greek, Liberal, And Global Perspectives, Chenyang Li

Chenyang Li

No abstract provided.


Notes On Absentee Landlordism At Aphrodito, James Keenan 2015 Loyola University Chicago

Notes On Absentee Landlordism At Aphrodito, James Keenan

James G. Keenan

No abstract provided.


Digital Commons powered by bepress