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Ancient History, Greek and Roman through Late Antiquity Commons

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The_Delian_Hieropoioi_Of_171_Bc.Pdf, Sharon Venter 2017 Reasearching a book on delos

The_Delian_Hieropoioi_Of_171_Bc.Pdf, Sharon Venter

Sharon Venter

No abstract provided.


Textile Terminologies From The Orient To The Mediterranean And Europe, 1000 Bc To 1000 Ad, Salvatore Gaspa, Cécile Michel, Marie-Louise Nosch 2017 University of Copenhagen

Textile Terminologies From The Orient To The Mediterranean And Europe, 1000 Bc To 1000 Ad, Salvatore Gaspa, Cécile Michel, Marie-Louise Nosch

Zea E-Books

The papers in this volume derive from the conference on textile terminology held in June 2014 at the University of Copenhagen. Around 50 experts from the fields of Ancient History, Indo-European Studies, Semitic Philology, Assyriology, Classical Archaeology, and Terminology from twelve different countries came together at the Centre for Textile Research, to discuss textile terminology, semantic fields of clothing and technology, loan words, and developments of textile terms in Antiquity. They exchanged ideas, research results, and presented various views and methods.

This volume contains 35 chapters, divided into five sections: • Textile terminologies across the ancient Near East and the Southern ...


A Mathematician Reads Plutarch: Plato's Criticism Of Geometers Of His Time, John B. Little 2017 College of the Holy Cross

A Mathematician Reads Plutarch: Plato's Criticism Of Geometers Of His Time, John B. Little

Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

This essay describes the author's recent encounter with two well-known passages in Plutarch that touch on a crucial episode in the history of the Greek mathematics of the fourth century BCE involving various approaches to the problem of the duplication of the cube. One theme will be the way key sources for understanding the history of our subject sometimes come from texts that have much wider cultural contexts and resonances. Sensitivity to the history, to the mathematics, and to the language is necessary to tease out the meaning of such texts. However, in the past, historians of mathematics often ...


Filiae Augustorum: The Ties That Bind In The Antonine Age, Rachel Meyers 2017 Iowa State University

Filiae Augustorum: The Ties That Bind In The Antonine Age, Rachel Meyers

Rachel Meyers

While the titles of imperial family members on Roman coins have been used to establish chronology, I argue that the specific titulature on the coins of Faustina II and Lucilla promotes their roles as the ties among three emperors. Though other scholars have commented on their basic roles, crucial evidence for how the Antonines promoted the roles of these women has been overlooked. By highlighting this intentional language compared to coins of prior imperial women, I show that Faustina and Lucilla not only represented the continuing harmony of the empire during the Antonine Age but also legitimated the rule of ...


The Needed Man: The Evolution, Abandonment, And Resurrection Of The Roman Dictatorship, Mark B. Wilson 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Needed Man: The Evolution, Abandonment, And Resurrection Of The Roman Dictatorship, Mark B. Wilson

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Despite being an integral institution of the Roman state, employed frequently and routinely from the Republic’s earliest crises to the last days of the climactic fight with Hannibal, the Roman dictatorship is profoundly misunderstood. Perplexed by the idea of the Roman Republic—a state born out of the rejection of the preeminence of any one man—nonetheless investing the power of the state in a single unelected individual, and reacting to the anomalous first-century BCE dictatorships of Sulla and Caesar, both late-Republic historians and modern scholars have consistently described the office in ominous and fundamentally mythological terms that are ...


A Survey Of Athenian Block Grants Of Citizenship, Mary Jean E. McNamara 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

A Survey Of Athenian Block Grants Of Citizenship, Mary Jean E. Mcnamara

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

During the fifth and fourth centuries BCE, the Athenians awarded block grants of citizenship to several groups of allies who had served to protect and defend Athenian democracy. This paper examines some examples of these block grants and the degree to which foreigners were afforded the same protections and privileges awarded to native-born Athenian citizens.


Roman Propaganda In The Age Of Augustus, Alex Pollok 2017 Dominican University of California

Roman Propaganda In The Age Of Augustus, Alex Pollok

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

This paper is an examination of the methods and utilizations of propaganda in the Late Republic/Early Imperial period of Ancient Rome. The focus is on the propaganda of Augustus Caesar whose rulership ushered in the era referred to as the Pax Romana or Roman Peace. Augustus created a mythical image of himself that served as inspiration for future emperors. This image and its influence on future Romans is also examined. Today, we have film and/or television acting as the primary focal point for propaganda. In ancient Rome, the primary methods were literature, statues, monuments, and coins (though these ...


Virgil's Aeneid: Subversive Interpretation In The Commissioned Epic, Nicole Moore 2017 Northern Michigan University

Virgil's Aeneid: Subversive Interpretation In The Commissioned Epic, Nicole Moore

Conspectus Borealis

No abstract provided.


The Influence Of Roman Politics On The Imperial Cult Ad 69-193, Elena W. Hin 2017 James Madison University

The Influence Of Roman Politics On The Imperial Cult Ad 69-193, Elena W. Hin

MAD-RUSH Undergraduate Research Conference

The imperial cult, defined as worship of dead emperors deified by the Senate and worship of the guiding emperor’s spirit, was ubiquitous throughout the Roman empire and provinces from the Flavian to Antonine dynasties (AD 69-180). It served as a method to unify the provinces to each other and the emperor himself, and strengthened political power. The connection between the imperial cult and the Roman politics is seen in the changes occurring within the empire and subsequent changes within worship. The imperial cult served as a reflection of the Roman empire’s political environment, and its provincial differences illustrate ...


The Position Of Freedmen In Roman Society, Cory R. DiBacco 2017 James Madison University

The Position Of Freedmen In Roman Society, Cory R. Dibacco

MAD-RUSH Undergraduate Research Conference

The Position of Freedmen in Roman Society

By Cory DiBacco, Undergraduate History Major, James Madison University

This research investigates the methods of integration into Roman society by freedmen and how their positions in the public were met with significant countervailing tension because of the macula servitutis, or stain of slavery. This paper analyzes the examples and ways in which freedmen overcame the macula servitutis and disapproving perspectives regarding manumission to become respectable members of society. The research for this analysis relies on excellent historical monographs and primary sources of freedmen epitaphs, the writings of Cicero, Pliny, and many other prominent ...


Athenian Women Through The Eyes Of Sophocles (But Not Oedipus), Isabel C. Pereira 2017 Riverdale High School

Athenian Women Through The Eyes Of Sophocles (But Not Oedipus), Isabel C. Pereira

Young Historians Conference

Ancient Greece was known for its achievements in democracy, new technologies, and, above all, artistic expression. The works of poets and playwrights in this time period not only reflected the culture and society, but also impacted it. Sophocles, arguably one of the most well-known playwrights in Greece in the 5th century BCE, wrote pieces that provide us with a strong commentary on what life was like for the people of Greece, particularly highlighting the roles that women played in society or were expected to play. This paper focuses on the lives of women in ancient Athens, one of Greece’s ...


The Edict Of Milan And The Early Roots Of Christianity In The Roman Empire, Christopher J. Chow 2017 Clackamas High School

The Edict Of Milan And The Early Roots Of Christianity In The Roman Empire, Christopher J. Chow

Young Historians Conference

With the Christian religion becoming so widely accepted and dominant today in the Western world, it is easy to forget the journey that the religion went through to reach its current state. It was once a heavily persecuted religion, yet it took the Roman Empire by storm and became the backbone to the Catholic Church. Christianity's spread was no accident. This paper will examine some of the factors regarding Christianity's early roots to identify what led up to its success in a heavily dominated Pagan culture.


Sappho's Queer Female History, Tess M. Waxman 2017 Grant High School

Sappho's Queer Female History, Tess M. Waxman

Young Historians Conference

Sappho was a queer women in ancient Greece. Scholars have researched her sexuality, promiscuity, and sexual orientation, often instead of analyzing her works. Sappho’s poetry provides historians a rare view into the lives of queer women in ancient Greece, shaping the largely untold female LGBTQ history. She introduces a unique viewpoint; she brings complex ideas, such as the justice of Aphrodite, active versus passive lover roles, and erotic culture. Sappho’s distinctly queer poetry is important to explore in an attempt to better understand the past of more people.


The Notion Of Madness In Literature, Philosophy, And Tragedy: Evolving Conceptions Of Mental Illness In Athens, David Z. Bartolome 2017 Clackamas High School

The Notion Of Madness In Literature, Philosophy, And Tragedy: Evolving Conceptions Of Mental Illness In Athens, David Z. Bartolome

Young Historians Conference

It is a basic understanding of modern medicine that mental illness is a disorder of the mind. But from where did this notion originate? In Homer’s popular epics, mental afflictions such as madness and depression are described as divine punishments rather than true mental illness. By the Hellenistic Age, Greek medical journals show a rejection of this divine explanation in favor of the mind. What changed in Greece? This paper tracks the Greek's understanding and conceptualization of madness throughout history and unites disciplines of literature, politics, tragedy, and philosophy to argue that modern understanding of mental illness has ...


Xenia In Classical Economies: The Function Of Ritualized Interpersonal Relationships In Athenian Trade, Morgan C. Kostiew 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Xenia In Classical Economies: The Function Of Ritualized Interpersonal Relationships In Athenian Trade, Morgan C. Kostiew

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Drawing on North’s New Institutional Economics (enhanced by Finley’s substantivist model), this thesis contributes to ancient economic theories by analyzing the role of the social institution of xenia in Classical Athenian economies. The significance of this ritualized interpersonal relationship has not yet been sufficiently appreciated, especially regarding its effects as a structural determinant on economic performance within specific trade mechanisms.

The case study of two particular economic services, provided by the Athenian aristocrat Andocides through his xenia with Archilaus of Macedon and Evagoras of Cyprus (And. 2.11 and 20-21) not only illustrates the significant effect of such ...


How To Attain Liberation From A False World? The Gnostic Myth Of Sophia In Dark City (1998), Fryderyk Kwiatkowski 2017 Jagiellonian University in Kraków

How To Attain Liberation From A False World? The Gnostic Myth Of Sophia In Dark City (1998), Fryderyk Kwiatkowski

Journal of Religion & Film

In the second half of the 20th century, a fascinating revival of ancient Gnostic ideas in American popular culture could be observed. One of the major streams through which Gnostic ideas are transmitted is Hollywood cinema. Many works that emerged at the end of 1990s can be viewed through the ideas of ancient Gnostic systems: The Truman Show (1998), The Thirteenth Floor (1999), The Others (2001), Vanilla Sky (2001) or The Matrix trilogy (1999-2003).

In this article, the author analyses Dark City (1998) and demonstrates that the story depicted in the film is heavily indebted to the Gnostic myth of ...


The Origins And Identity Of Roman Mithraism, Charles R. Hill 2017 University of Nebraska Lincoln

The Origins And Identity Of Roman Mithraism, Charles R. Hill

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Creative Activity, School of Art, Art History and Design

This thesis is a reassessment of scholarship concerning the origins of the cult mysteries of Mithraism in its Roman form during the Imperial Period. While much has been published in the debate over the cult’s true origins, we are still left without a satisfactory answer. The present work is an attempt to reconcile some of the arguments posed in the 19th and early 20th centuries with those of the later 20th and 21st centuries, focusing mostly on the cult’s art and iconography in Mithraea, the central spaces of Mithraic worship. First will be a ...


The Eighth Sacrament? The Evidence Of Hincmar Of Rheims, Doyle M.B. Baxter 2017 Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH

The Eighth Sacrament? The Evidence Of Hincmar Of Rheims, Doyle M.B. Baxter

Honors Bachelor of Arts

The Catholic Church did not dogmatically define the list of seven sacraments until the Council of Trent in the 16th century, marking the culmination of hundreds of years of theological study and reflection upon sacraments. After the definition of seven, French theologians argued that the coronation of their king was an eighth sacrament. In this paper, I contend that Hincmar of Rheims, his theology of kingship, and the coronation rites that he compiled are likely responsible for the French claim. Hincmar was the Archbishop of Rheims from 845 until his death in 882. During his time as archbishop, he compiled ...


Female Madness In Greek Tradition And Medicine, Caitlin T. Connelly 2017 Gettysburg College

Female Madness In Greek Tradition And Medicine, Caitlin T. Connelly

Student Publications

This paper considers the similarities and differences in Greek thought concerning female madness among both traditional views of madness and medical views. It identifies three broad types of female madness – Dionysian madness, most often associated with maenads and maenadism; desire-induced madness, associated with Aphrodite or Eros; and the medical views of madness of the Hippocratic Corpus, Plato, and other writers. Divinely-inspired madness was considered an assault on the individual from the outside, while the physicians considered madness to be an affliction from within. However, while desire-induced madness and medical madness were seen as the results of women avoiding men, Dionysian ...


Sagp Newsletter 2016/17.4 Pacific, Anthony Preus 2017 Binghamton University

Sagp Newsletter 2016/17.4 Pacific, Anthony Preus

The Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy Newsletter

No abstract provided.


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