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The Things They Carried: Classical Greece Maritime Exchange, Ashley Skye Hunter 2020 East Carolina University

The Things They Carried: Classical Greece Maritime Exchange, Ashley Skye Hunter

The Macksey Journal

Since the dawn of civilization, the Mediterranean Sea was a place of significant maritime activity and ancient sailors took advantage of the accessible transportation and trading opportunities it provided. The Ancient Greeks were no exception and by the 5th century BCE, they were using the Mediterranean to not only transport physical objects but also exchange ideas and beliefs as well. However, microscopic organisms would also catch a ride on these ships, which led to the spread of certain diseases throughout Greek communities. Primary sources, such as Herodotus and Thucydides, give modern scholars information about maritime transportation. And where the ...


مرويات المكثرين من الصحابة, Rami Hoda 2020 Jinan University

مرويات المكثرين من الصحابة, Rami Hoda

Al Jinan الجنان

يبيّن هذا البحث أسباب تميّز قلة من الصحابة الكرام عن غيرهم، بكثرة مروياتهم عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم، فيبدأ بتعريف الصحابي وبيان الصحابة المكثرين من الرواية، ثم يدرس حياة هؤلاء، المكثرين، ليصل إلى استخلاص الأسباب التي أدت إلى تميّزهم بكثرة مروياتهم بالمقارنة مع غيرهم من الصحابة، ويذكر رد العلماء المختصين على الشبهات المثارة حول الصحابي أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه ومروياته، وهو أكثر من روى عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم


الآيات من سورة المائدة التي ورد فيها ما يحبه الله تعالى, Ahmad Obeid 2020 جامعة الملك عبد العزيز

الآيات من سورة المائدة التي ورد فيها ما يحبه الله تعالى, Ahmad Obeid

Al Jinan الجنان

تبيّن من خلال هذا البحث أنَّ الله تعالى قد أخذ الميثاق على هذه الأمة أن تسمع وتطيع خاتم النبيين صلى الله عليه وسلم، وذكّرنا بأخذه مثل هذا الميثاق على أقرب الأمم إلينا من حيث التاريخ والجغرافيا؛ وهم اليهود والنصارى، وبيّن ماكان من نقضهم ميثاقه، ومن عقابه لهم على ذلك، حتى لا يصيبنا ما أصابهم، ولنكون الأمّة الوارثة لميراث النبيين بنقاء العقيدة وصدق النية والتمسك بكتاب الله تعالى


The History Of Early Modern Medicine In New Spain, El Primero Sueño, And Poet Sor Juana Inés De La Cruz, Daniel Hughes 2020 Hunter College of the City University of New York

The History Of Early Modern Medicine In New Spain, El Primero Sueño, And Poet Sor Juana Inés De La Cruz, Daniel Hughes

Grand Valley Journal of History

This essay analyzes poetry and other writing by Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz in the context of themes from Greco-Roman antiquity and the historical development of medicine in seventeenth century New Spain, now Mexico. Sor Juana’s El Primero Sueño, a Spanish language poetic silva, exhibits copious references to writers from classical antiquity, including Aristotle and Ovid. Establishing a context steeped in ideas from Greco-Roman antiquity, Sor Juana invokes the medical and philosophical legacy of foundational physician Galen of Pergamon. She also expands upon his ideas into the human anatomical realm, reflecting the increased early modern prominence of the ...


Bernard Palissy: Early Career - Securing Patronage And Mimicking Nature In A Moment Of Crisis, Karissa Bailey 2020 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Bernard Palissy: Early Career - Securing Patronage And Mimicking Nature In A Moment Of Crisis, Karissa Bailey

LSU Master's Theses

Early in 1562, France was experiencing a state of high religious tension between Protestants and Catholics that would precipitate the outbreak of the Religious Wars on March 1. A week before, Bernard Palissy, a Huguenot potter, wrote a letter to his Catholic patron from prison inBordeaux where he was being held on charges associated with an iconoclastic incident in his home city of Saintes. This letter would later be published as a dedication letter for the pamphlet Architecture et Ordonnance, which featured the description of a grotto commissioned by Anne de Montmorency, Palissy’s patron, seven years earlier. This thesis ...


The Nature Of Disloyalty: Attitudes Towards Treason And Exile In The Ancient Mediterranean, Matthew Kenny 2020 Rhodes College

The Nature Of Disloyalty: Attitudes Towards Treason And Exile In The Ancient Mediterranean, Matthew Kenny

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

Prosecutions of treason and exile have traditionally been studied as legal phenomena bound by laws and procedures. Yet historical behavior suggests the laws, practices, and attitudes towards treason and exile were primarily motivated by attempts to maintain factional dominance and sociopolitical uniformity. This paper explores how ideas of pollution, disloyalty, and dissent demonstrate the polarized and contested nature of treason and exile in the archaic and classical periods of Athens and Rome. It also seeks to understand the extent to which these ideas contributed to the civil strife of the period. Reflecting on the divisive characteristics of these phenomena that ...


Bloodied Hearts And Bawdy Planets: Greco-Roman Astrology And The Regenerative Force Of The Feminine In Shakespeare’S The Winter’S Tale, Christina E. Farella 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Bloodied Hearts And Bawdy Planets: Greco-Roman Astrology And The Regenerative Force Of The Feminine In Shakespeare’S The Winter’S Tale, Christina E. Farella

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This thesis offers a new reading of William Shakespeare’s late play The Winter’s Tale (1623), positing that in order to understand this complex and eccentric work, we must read it with a complex and eccentric eye. In The Winter’s Tale, planets strike without warning, pulling at hearts, wombs, and blood, impacting the health and emotional experience of characters in the play. This work is renowned for its inconsistent formal structure; the first half is a tragedy set in winter, but abruptly shifts to a comedy set in spring/summer in its latter half. What’s more, is ...


Etruscan Biophilia Viewed Through Magical Amber, Greta Rose Koshenina 2020 University of Mississippi

Etruscan Biophilia Viewed Through Magical Amber, Greta Rose Koshenina

Honors Theses

In this thesis, I explore the usage and purpose of amber objects in burials from Etruria, specifically from the late Villanovan Period (ca. 800-720 BCE) to the Orientalizing Period (ca. 720-580 BCE). I have followed a combination of quantitative and qualitative research approaches as well as visual analysis of amber grave goods. While there has been extensive research on the medicinal and ritual purposes of amber grave goods from excavated Etruscan tombs, I show that there was likely a specific interest in amber that contains organic inclusions likely because of the Etruscans’ interest in nature. I examine the presence and ...


Sexual And Erotic Transgression Through Aesthetic History: A Study Of Algernon Charles Swinburne, Ronny F. Ford 2020 Michigan State University

Sexual And Erotic Transgression Through Aesthetic History: A Study Of Algernon Charles Swinburne, Ronny F. Ford

Beyond the Margins: A Journal of Graduate Literary Scholarship

This article examines the relationship between Algernon Charles Swinburne’s poetic writing and history, especially in regards to how he explores sexual transgressions. The article begins with how aestheticism works in tangent with history to further these transgressions within a historical context and especially within the realm of Victorian Christianity. Next, Swinburne’s medieval aesthetics in “The Leper” will be analyzed in regards specifically necrophilia and the taking care of a leper, and how the writing of this poem was both a condemnation of Christianity and an accidental upholding of it. The violent homoeroticism and monstrous femininity of “Anactoria” are ...


The Impact Of Ancient Doctor-Patient Relationship Standards On Modern Bedside Manner, James P. Stebbins 2020 Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH

The Impact Of Ancient Doctor-Patient Relationship Standards On Modern Bedside Manner, James P. Stebbins

Honors Bachelor of Arts

Precis

An examination of the oaths surrounding the doctor-patient relationships in the healthcare systems of antiquity, as well as those of the early Medieval period and modernity, reveals that the modern concept of bedside manner is one with roots throughout history, and has changed according to the predominant religion of the time. This is done by comparing the oaths taken by physicians across these periods, and examining how they outline the tenets of the relationship between a patient and their healthcare provider. I also provide examples of religious beliefs and how they interact with medical practice to show how bedside ...


The Galileo Affair In Context: An Investigation Of Influences On The Church During Galileo’S 1633 Trial, Evan W. Lamping 2020 Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH

The Galileo Affair In Context: An Investigation Of Influences On The Church During Galileo’S 1633 Trial, Evan W. Lamping

Honors Bachelor of Arts

This paper explores the context of the 1616 trial of Galileo within the history of the geocentric and heliocentric theories of the solar system, as well as some factors that may have initiated this trial or influenced the result. Some of these factors include the criticism of contemporary Reformers, Galileo’s relationship with the Pope, and recently uncovered Vatican documents accusing Galileo of atomism. These last two are found in Pietro Redondi’s book Galileo Eretico, which alleges that Pope Urban VIII spared Galileo by having him investigated for holding heliocentric views, instead of letting him face potential charges of ...


Resurrecting The Women Of The Waste Land, Angela Rose Granados West 2020 William & Mary

Resurrecting The Women Of The Waste Land, Angela Rose Granados West

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis argues that T.S. Eliot's The Waste Land is Eliot's version of a modern fertility ritual with women as the principal drivers of the narrative. Women show both the depth of desolation that spiritual bankruptcy brings, but ironically contain within them the hope and possibility for redemption. Through figures such as the Sybil, Madame Sosostris, Lil, Philomela, and Ganga, Eliot shows the full range of emotion and possibilities to be found in The Waste Land. Ultimately, women are the catalysts in the poem - they make up the steps of the fertility rituals set out by Jessie ...


A Living Faith: Christianity’S Pre-Constantine Survival, Derek Allen Seifert 2020 Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH

A Living Faith: Christianity’S Pre-Constantine Survival, Derek Allen Seifert

Honors Bachelor of Arts

Précis

In my thesis, I argue that the beliefs and practices of Christianity helped it to not only coexist with but survive beyond the cults that were prevalent and more established. To demonstrate this, I compare Christianity with said cults. In my first chapter, I examine three mystery cults, looking at the factors that gave them their popularity. In the second chapter, I discuss Christianity. Citing authors such as Tacitus and Pliny, I reveal the ill reception given to Christianity. I then use sources, such as Saint Justin Martyr, Saint Cyprian, and Saint Dionysius, to explain what exactly Christians believed ...


On A Defense Of Democracy: How Roman Delatores And Emperors Dismantled Libertas And Established The Principate In The Early Roman Empire, Justin R. Scott 2020 Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH

On A Defense Of Democracy: How Roman Delatores And Emperors Dismantled Libertas And Established The Principate In The Early Roman Empire, Justin R. Scott

Honors Bachelor of Arts

Precis

My thesis argues that the delatores’ legal and political actions restricted political freedom and cemented a shift in authority from the Roman Senate to the Roman Emperor. This thesis utilizes primary works from Cicero, Dio, Pliny the Younger, Quintilian, Suetonius, and works from Tacitus, that had lived under the times when the delatores held the most power and influence over Rome. I also include secondary scholarship about how historians have understood the impact of the delatores on the Roman political and legal systems, all of which explain who the delatores were and how they impacted Roman society after the ...


Animals And...: Humor In Aristophanes, Gunnar Johnson 2020 Brandeis University

Animals And...: Humor In Aristophanes, Gunnar Johnson

2020 JHU Richard Macksey National Undergraduate Humanities Research Symposium

I would like to touch upon the humorous elements I've found, that Aristophanes has given me, in reading ancient Greek plays by Aristophanes. It's an appeal to the base and vulgar things he finds funny. It will be clean in presentation, but I expect it will have some of his funny lines included unedited. I'm thinking South Park, I'm thinking The Boondocks, he's giving me social commentary with his sense of humor. The big point is the more we change, the more things stay the same, and play stays the same as well as certain ...


Experimental Archaeology And Brewing Beer: A Modern Reproduction Of The "Hymn To Ninkasi", Mahayla Roscoe 2020 DePauw University

Experimental Archaeology And Brewing Beer: A Modern Reproduction Of The "Hymn To Ninkasi", Mahayla Roscoe

Honor Scholar Theses

Alcoholic beverages, and beer in particular, have had an extensive impact on human civilization. People have been brewing beer for thousands of years, and some scholars even argue that it was humanity’s thirst for beer rather than a hunger for bread that motivated the domestication of cereal grains ca. 9500-8000 B.C.E. If this argument is to be believed, beer would have acted as a precursor to the Neolithic Revolution and inspired people to develop agrarian economies and abandon their nomadic lifestyle. By the time that the Sumerian civilization in ancient Mesopotamia arose, beer production was a well-known ...


Ladies At The Loom: Examining Intersections Of Gender And Textiles In New Kingdom Egypt, Caitlin Patton 2020 University of Iowa

Ladies At The Loom: Examining Intersections Of Gender And Textiles In New Kingdom Egypt, Caitlin Patton

Honors Theses at the University of Iowa

In a society like New Kingdom Dynastic Egypt, where men’s perspectives and spheres of influence dominated the literary and artistic output, insight into women's lives often must come from sources outside of state-sponsored programs. New Kingdom women’s lives centered around the home and included keeping up the house, raising children and the production of clothing and textiles. Women produced these textiles not only for themselves and their families but, in an age before standardized currency, they also produced them as valuable commodities to trade and sell. This led to women not only dominating the trends within Egyptian ...


Lost In Translation, Presumption, And Interpretation: Adam, Noah, And The Ancient Mesopotamian Mythology Of The Creation And The Flood, Saad D. Abulhab 2020 CUNY Office of Library Services

Lost In Translation, Presumption, And Interpretation: Adam, Noah, And The Ancient Mesopotamian Mythology Of The Creation And The Flood, Saad D. Abulhab

Publications and Research

The common, biblical believes in an initial, single human creation, and a subsequent survival of a punishing, catastrophic flood were among the key forming pillars of the Near East monotheist religions. The other key pillar was, arguably, the belief in the existence of a one, supreme god and creator. However, neither the two stories of human creation and catastrophic flood, nor the belief in one supreme god, were originally introduced by these monotheist religions. Key inscriptions from ancient Mesopotamia have clearly indicated that various versions of these beliefs were commonplace for thousands of years before. Despite the differences in details ...


Shakespeare's Testamentary Language, William Lowes Rushton 2020 Livre de Lyon

Shakespeare's Testamentary Language, William Lowes Rushton

Philology

No abstract provided.


The Pen And The Heart: Studies In Christian Latin Writing Of The Fourth And Fifth Centuries, Rachel Abigail Hodes 2020 Bard College

The Pen And The Heart: Studies In Christian Latin Writing Of The Fourth And Fifth Centuries, Rachel Abigail Hodes

Senior Projects Spring 2020

This project explores three autobiographical texts from the fourth and fifth centuries: Augustine’s Confessions, Proba’s Cento, and Paulinus’ Eucharisticon. In a world filled with varying literary traditions, the self-definition of life writing becomes a literary act. While Augustine aligns himself with ascetics and frames his text around scriptural prose, Proba synthesizes a Biblical story into classical form by relying upon Virgilian hexameter, and Paulinus creates a piece that represents the sacramental bread and body through its tension between poetic form and Augustinian Christian message. How does life writing locate itself through its reliance on tradition and imitation, and ...


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