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Hybridity And Otherness In Ancient Cyrenaica: A Postcolonial Perspective, Lindsey Jackson 2020 University of California, San Diego

Hybridity And Otherness In Ancient Cyrenaica: A Postcolonial Perspective, Lindsey Jackson

The Macksey Journal

This paper seeks to analyze how modern colonialist readings of the relationship between ancient Greek settlers and indigenous populations have influenced scholarly understanding of identity in ancient Cyrenaica (modern-day Libya). I show that Cyrenaic identity has thus far been externally defined in terms of its otherness by both ancient Greek writers as well as modern scholars. The reasons for this, I argue, are that Libya's modern history and its relationship with modern colonial powers have influenced how scholars perceive ancient sources on Libya, both material and textual. Thus, interpretations of local hybrid Greek/Libyan statues discount the possibility of ...


Landscape And Lore: River Acheron And The Oracle Of The Dead, LaShante St. Fleur 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Landscape And Lore: River Acheron And The Oracle Of The Dead, Lashante St. Fleur

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In order to explore the cultural relationships between people, landscape, memory and ritual, this master’s thesis focuses on the Acheron River in Epirus, Greece, long believed to harbor an entrance into Hades, the Greek underworld. Various entrances into the chthonic, or subterranean land of the dead, are peppered throughout Greece, with each tied to their own local myths, legends, folklore and cults. According to those traditions, Hades could be accessed from several terrestrial rivers thought to be connected to Oceanus, the primordial world-encompassing river surrounding all of creation. Flowing forth from River Ocean were all above- and underground rivers ...


The Things They Carried: Classical Greece Maritime Exchange, Ashley Skye Hunter 2020 East Carolina University

The Things They Carried: Classical Greece Maritime Exchange, Ashley Skye Hunter

The Macksey Journal

Since the dawn of civilization, the Mediterranean Sea was a place of significant maritime activity and ancient sailors took advantage of the accessible transportation and trading opportunities it provided. The Ancient Greeks were no exception and by the 5th century BCE, they were using the Mediterranean to not only transport physical objects but also exchange ideas and beliefs as well. However, microscopic organisms would also catch a ride on these ships, which led to the spread of certain diseases throughout Greek communities. Primary sources, such as Herodotus and Thucydides, give modern scholars information about maritime transportation. And where the ...


Ancient Toledo, Holly Tente 2020 College of the Holy Cross

Ancient Toledo, Holly Tente

Parnassus: Classical Journal

No abstract provided.


The Acropolis Through The Temple Of Olympian Zeus, Liam O'Toole 2020 College of the Holy Cross

The Acropolis Through The Temple Of Olympian Zeus, Liam O'Toole

Parnassus: Classical Journal

No abstract provided.


Trajan And The Moon, Hui Li 2020 College of the Holy Cross

Trajan And The Moon, Hui Li

Parnassus: Classical Journal

No abstract provided.


Forum Of Pompeii, Hui Li 2020 College of the Holy Cross

Forum Of Pompeii, Hui Li

Parnassus: Classical Journal

No abstract provided.


Theater Of Taormina, Hui Li 2020 College of the Holy Cross

Theater Of Taormina, Hui Li

Parnassus: Classical Journal

No abstract provided.


Laocoön And His Sons, Rebecca R. Kaczmarek 2020 College of the Holy Cross

Laocoön And His Sons, Rebecca R. Kaczmarek

Parnassus: Classical Journal

No abstract provided.


David By Michelangelo, Rebecca R. Kaczmarek 2020 College of the Holy Cross

David By Michelangelo, Rebecca R. Kaczmarek

Parnassus: Classical Journal

No abstract provided.


Ceres Holding Staff And Grain, Rebecca R. Kaczmarek 2020 College of the Holy Cross

Ceres Holding Staff And Grain, Rebecca R. Kaczmarek

Parnassus: Classical Journal

No abstract provided.


The Pantheon, Rebecca R. Kaczmarek 2020 College of the Holy Cross

The Pantheon, Rebecca R. Kaczmarek

Parnassus: Classical Journal

No abstract provided.


Bust Of Mythological Figure, Rebecca R. Kaczmarek 2020 College of the Holy Cross

Bust Of Mythological Figure, Rebecca R. Kaczmarek

Parnassus: Classical Journal

No abstract provided.


The Fabric Of Gifts: Culture And Politics Of Giving And Exchange In Archaic Greece, Beate Wagner-Hasel 2020 Leibniz University of Hannover

The Fabric Of Gifts: Culture And Politics Of Giving And Exchange In Archaic Greece, Beate Wagner-Hasel

Zea E-Books

When the Greek leader Agamemnon took for himself the woman awarded to Achilles as his spoils of battle, the warrior’s resulting anger and outrage nearly cost his side the war. Beyond the woman herself was what she symbolised — a matter of esteem rather than material value. In Archaic Greece the practices of gift giving existed alongside an economy of market relations. The value of gifts and the meanings of exchange in ancient societies are fundamental to the debates of 19th-century economists, to Marcel Mauss’s famous Essai sur le don (1923-4), and to the definition of experiential value by ...


Protean Caves And Cyrenean Grottos: The Subterranean World Of Vergil's Fourth Georgic, Kirby Schoephoerster 2020 Washington University in St. Louis

Protean Caves And Cyrenean Grottos: The Subterranean World Of Vergil's Fourth Georgic, Kirby Schoephoerster

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Using the studies and methodologies spearheaded by the burgeoning field of geomythology, this project aims to reevaluate one of the most famous works of ancient literature, the Georgics of Vergil, within the context of karst geology. In other words, I plan to critically investigate the famous myth of Aristaeus using a geomythological lens that focuses on how Vergil treats caves and cave systems as related to (his) myth. The didactic poem as a whole, and much less so the myth of Aristaeus, has been assessed relatively little by archaeologists, and by geomythologists not at all. Yet, book four contains an ...


Etruscan Biophilia Viewed Through Magical Amber, Greta Rose Koshenina 2020 University of Mississippi

Etruscan Biophilia Viewed Through Magical Amber, Greta Rose Koshenina

Honors Theses

In this thesis, I explore the usage and purpose of amber objects in burials from Etruria, specifically from the late Villanovan Period (ca. 800-720 BCE) to the Orientalizing Period (ca. 720-580 BCE). I have followed a combination of quantitative and qualitative research approaches as well as visual analysis of amber grave goods. While there has been extensive research on the medicinal and ritual purposes of amber grave goods from excavated Etruscan tombs, I show that there was likely a specific interest in amber that contains organic inclusions likely because of the Etruscans’ interest in nature. I examine the presence and ...


The Impact Of Ancient Doctor-Patient Relationship Standards On Modern Bedside Manner, James P. Stebbins 2020 Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH

The Impact Of Ancient Doctor-Patient Relationship Standards On Modern Bedside Manner, James P. Stebbins

Honors Bachelor of Arts

Precis

An examination of the oaths surrounding the doctor-patient relationships in the healthcare systems of antiquity, as well as those of the early Medieval period and modernity, reveals that the modern concept of bedside manner is one with roots throughout history, and has changed according to the predominant religion of the time. This is done by comparing the oaths taken by physicians across these periods, and examining how they outline the tenets of the relationship between a patient and their healthcare provider. I also provide examples of religious beliefs and how they interact with medical practice to show how bedside ...


The Galileo Affair In Context: An Investigation Of Influences On The Church During Galileo’S 1633 Trial, Evan W. Lamping 2020 Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH

The Galileo Affair In Context: An Investigation Of Influences On The Church During Galileo’S 1633 Trial, Evan W. Lamping

Honors Bachelor of Arts

This paper explores the context of the 1616 trial of Galileo within the history of the geocentric and heliocentric theories of the solar system, as well as some factors that may have initiated this trial or influenced the result. Some of these factors include the criticism of contemporary Reformers, Galileo’s relationship with the Pope, and recently uncovered Vatican documents accusing Galileo of atomism. These last two are found in Pietro Redondi’s book Galileo Eretico, which alleges that Pope Urban VIII spared Galileo by having him investigated for holding heliocentric views, instead of letting him face potential charges of ...


On A Defense Of Democracy: How Roman Delatores And Emperors Dismantled Libertas And Established The Principate In The Early Roman Empire, Justin R. Scott 2020 Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH

On A Defense Of Democracy: How Roman Delatores And Emperors Dismantled Libertas And Established The Principate In The Early Roman Empire, Justin R. Scott

Honors Bachelor of Arts

Precis

My thesis argues that the delatores’ legal and political actions restricted political freedom and cemented a shift in authority from the Roman Senate to the Roman Emperor. This thesis utilizes primary works from Cicero, Dio, Pliny the Younger, Quintilian, Suetonius, and works from Tacitus, that had lived under the times when the delatores held the most power and influence over Rome. I also include secondary scholarship about how historians have understood the impact of the delatores on the Roman political and legal systems, all of which explain who the delatores were and how they impacted Roman society after the ...


A Living Faith: Christianity’S Pre-Constantine Survival, Derek Allen Seifert 2020 Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH

A Living Faith: Christianity’S Pre-Constantine Survival, Derek Allen Seifert

Honors Bachelor of Arts

Précis

In my thesis, I argue that the beliefs and practices of Christianity helped it to not only coexist with but survive beyond the cults that were prevalent and more established. To demonstrate this, I compare Christianity with said cults. In my first chapter, I examine three mystery cults, looking at the factors that gave them their popularity. In the second chapter, I discuss Christianity. Citing authors such as Tacitus and Pliny, I reveal the ill reception given to Christianity. I then use sources, such as Saint Justin Martyr, Saint Cyprian, and Saint Dionysius, to explain what exactly Christians believed ...


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