Review: A Framework For Geodesign: Changing Geography By Design, 2017 Iowa State University
Review: A Framework For Geodesign: Changing Geography By Design, Monica A. Haddad
Geodesign has become a buzzword in the past four years although its main origin goes back to the late 1960s, with the publication of McHarg’s book Design with Nature (1969). Steinitz’ s book A Framework for Geodesign: Changing Geography by Design comes at a prime time since scholars, designers, and geographic information systems (GIS) professionals have been intrigued to understand and explore this “new” trend. Geodesign is such a hot topic these days that ESRI, the leading worldwide company in the GIS industry and publisher of this book, has been organizing annual Geodesign Summit meetings since 2012
Public Spending And Quality Of Education In Brazil., 2017 Iowa State University
Public Spending And Quality Of Education In Brazil., Monica A. Haddad, Ricardo Freguglia, Claudia Gomes
We examined whether Brazil’s educational spending on public primary schools resulted in better quality of education, 2003-2009. Our hypothesis was municipalities that received higher government spending on primary education had higher students’ tests scores. We used a panel analysis with fixed effects, including a simulated instrumental variable to control for endogeneity. Even though the magnitude of all significant estimated coefficients increased, when controlling for endogeneity, they were still very small. Findings proved that the relationship between quality of education and educational spending was not optimal, weakly contributing to the increase in test scores.
Cores And Peripheries: Spatial Analysis Of Hcv Voucher Distribution In The San Francisco, 2017 Iowa State University
Cores And Peripheries: Spatial Analysis Of Hcv Voucher Distribution In The San Francisco, Jane M. Rongerude, Monica A. Haddad
The Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) program is touted as a mechanism for providing low income households with mobility, and through that mobility, access to higher opportunity neighborhoods (HUD, 2006; McClure, 2014; Winnick, 1995). However, the success of the voucher program requires an existing supply of available housing units with landlords who are willing to participate in the program. Tight housing markets, where households are most in need of rent subsidies, are typically also the most difficult markets to find available units and willing landlords, resulting in limited choices for HCV households (Basolo and Nguyen, 2005; Khadduri, 2005). In these conditions ...
Rethinking Native Learning Environments, 2017 Mithun architects + designers + planners
Rethinking Native Learning Environments, Bob Mohr, Brodie Bain, Lynn Paxson
This symposium will present three projects and three explorations into creating learning environments for Native communities. The projects range from a high school that· drew Native students from many tribal nations across the country, to a tribal (2-year) college that serves primarily one Native nation but is open to students from tribes from around the Pacific Northwest, to one of the oldest tribal universities ( 4-year) in the country which serves students from multiple Native nations. All three of these institutions have dealt in different ways with the idea of helping their students "walk in two worlds" or function in two ...
Conflict And The Shaping Of The National Museum Of The American Indian (Nmai), 2017 Iowa State University
Conflict And The Shaping Of The National Museum Of The American Indian (Nmai), Lynn Paxson, Joseph B. Juhasz, Rubén Martinez
On September 21, 2004 after more than a decade of planning, preparation and design, marked along the way with a number of very public conflicts, the Smithsonian NMAI (National Museum of the American Indian) opened its doors. While the opening was perhaps not as marked by conflict as it might have been - it did generate a certain amount of controversy, some of which is ongoing. The story of the events and process(s) that led to this point an interesting and instructive.
Approaching Community: Design As A Relational Endeavor Symposium, 2017 Iowa State University
Approaching Community: Design As A Relational Endeavor Symposium, Nadia Anderson, Peter P. Goché, Ferruccio Trabalzi, Keihly Moore, Lynn Paxson
In this symposium we will examine ways in which designers working with community-based issues can and should look beyond spatial and physical conditions to generate strategies for the future. The underlying premise of this session is that spatial design is an instrumental practice that can shape and potentially transform reality. To do so effectively, however, requires not only dealing with instrumental tools such as function and materiality but also understanding the broader context of social, economic, and political relationships over time.
Beyond Conflict In Participatory Community Research & Design, 2017 University of Washington
Beyond Conflict In Participatory Community Research & Design, Lynne Manzo, Patsy Eubanks Owens, Nancy Rottle, Rula Awwad-Rafferty, Lynn Paxson
This workshop will explore whether, how, and in what contexts participatory research and design strategies may be employed for positive community change. In particular we will examine the dynamics, strengths and unique dilemmas of citizen participation in a multicultural context.
Diverse Participation And Participation In Diversity, 2017 Iowa State University
Diverse Participation And Participation In Diversity, Lynn Paxson, Caitlin Cahill, Patsy Eubanks Owens, Baldev Lamba
This Participation Network sponsored working group creates a venue to consider a number of current participatory design and research projects and continues similar sessions held at past edra conferences. In conjunction with other, topic or user group sessions which include a participatory focus this session allows the work of edra members to be critically discussed and debated from many points of view while still in progress.
Exploring Diverse Land Ethics, 2017 University of Colorado Boulder
Exploring Diverse Land Ethics, Joseph B. Juhasz, Lynn Paxson, Rubén Martinez
Different cultures do not share the same relationship( s) with the land, the natural environment, and the cosmos. For some cultures in fact these three labels are all synonymous, while for others clear distinctions are understood through their use/invocation. In addition the role or relationship ofhumans with the land, the natural environment, and the cosmos varies among different groups and cultures. These multiple value systems and epistemologies have shaped cultures and impacted the relations between these many groups. Some might argue that these differences, or this diversity is one of the major reasons that different cultures in contact often ...
Negoiated Stories In Public Space, 2017 Iowa State University
Negoiated Stories In Public Space, Lynn Paxson, Joseph B. Juhasz, Heidi Hohmann, Ashley Kyber, Clare Robinson
Design professionals and environmental social scientists understand the human modified environment as a material production of cultures. As a result, we also support the idea of spaces as communicative. The contextually defined relations between objects, places, and people communicate the values, decisions, and choices made throughout a broadly defined process of placemaking. Places have meanings, they tell stories. Thus "narrating" is one aspect or part of deCerteau's conception of spatial practices (de Certeau, 1984, xiv). Yet because values differ, the same place may tell different stories to different people.
The Queen Anne Style In Houses Of Boone, Iowa: A Social And Economic Interpretation, 2017 Iowa State University
The Queen Anne Style In Houses Of Boone, Iowa: A Social And Economic Interpretation, Lori Osmus Kappmeyer
Lori O. Kappmeyer
One of the premises of this thesis was that the way in which the Queen Anne style was manifested in Boone, Iowa was a reflection of the social and economic characteristics of that town in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. The Queen Anne style was the dominant style used for American houses built between 1880 and 1900, when Boone experienced its greatest building boom. While it would be reasonable to expect that many of the houses in Boone would be in the Queen Anne style, surprisingly few houses in Boone are full expressions of that style. A popular ...
Methodologies For Studying Human-Microclimate Interactions For Resilient, Smart City Decision-Making, 2017 Iowa State University
Methodologies For Studying Human-Microclimate Interactions For Resilient, Smart City Decision-Making, Ulrike Passe, Nadia Anderson, Kris De Brabanter, Michael C. Dorneich, Caroline Krejci, Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk
Creating sustainable, resilient cities requires integrating an understanding of human behavior and decision-making about the built environment within an expanding range of spatial, political, and cultural contexts. Resilience—the ability to survive from and adapt to extreme or sudden stresses—emphasizes the importance of participation by a broad range of stakeholders in making decisions for the future. Smart cities leverage technology and data collected from the community and its stakeholders to inform and support these decisions. Energy usage in cities starts with people interacting with their environments, such as occupants interacting with the buildings in which they live and work ...
A Framework For Urban Environmental Planning In Brazil, 2017 Iowa State University
A Framework For Urban Environmental Planning In Brazil, Monica A. Haddad
Brazil faces numerous environmental challenges despite having many laws and policies in place. The implementation process of such laws and policies does not exist a majority of the time, affecting the quality of environmental governance in the country. Within the urban planning context, the City Statute law enacted in 2001 included the environmental dimension of urbanization; however, the wording of this inclusion was vague and broad. For instance, two environmental assessment planning tools of the law are not mandatory at the federal level and are without a defined scope. In this Exploration, a new framework focusing on the environmental dimension ...
Book Reviews: Designing Tito's Capital: Urban Planning, Modernism, And Socialism In Belgrade, 2017 Iowa State University
Book Reviews: Designing Tito's Capital: Urban Planning, Modernism, And Socialism In Belgrade, Kimberly E. Zarecor
Kimberly E. Zarecor
In this history of New Belgrade, historian Brigitte Le Normand writes one of the first comprehensive municipal-level case studies of a postwar socialist urban planning project. The book chronicles the development of a new urban district within the capital city of Belgrade from the first modernist plans for the area just after World War II through several stages of stop-and-go development that finally accelerated in the late 1960s with the construction of both official housing blocks and informal settlements. The text highlights the difficulties encountered by urban planners, residents, and the local government to agree on the project's goals ...
Socialist Neighborhoods After Socialism The Past, Present, And Future Of Postwar Housing In The Czech Republic, 2017 Iowa State University
Socialist Neighborhoods After Socialism The Past, Present, And Future Of Postwar Housing In The Czech Republic, Kimberly Elman Zarecor
Kimberly E. Zarecor
The Czech Republic’s socialist-era neighborhoods are largely intact twenty years after the end of Communist Party rule. These buildings will be rehabilitated, but not replaced, because of financial and logistical constraints. In the context of the country’s accession to the European Union in 2004 and the recent global economic crisis, this essay questions what can and should be done in an effort to make these neighborhoods better places to live in the present and the future. It starts with a brief history of postwar housing construction and socialist-era design methodologies, exploring postwar architectural practice and innovations in construction ...
Czech Paneláks Are Disappearing, But The Housing Estates Remain / České Paneláky Miznú, Ale Sídliská Zostávajú, 2017 Iowa State University
Czech Paneláks Are Disappearing, But The Housing Estates Remain / České Paneláky Miznú, Ale Sídliská Zostávajú, Kimberly Elman Zarecor, Eva Špačková
Kimberly E. Zarecor
A common lament about the legacy of communism in Europe is the damage that it did to the built environment. Particular ire is directed at the concrete prefabricated housing blocks, known in Czech and Slovak as paneláks (structural panel buildings), groups of which were arranged in housing estates (sídliště in Czech and sídlisko in Slovak) to create the region’s characteristic postwar districts. Paneláks were not only signs of the increased production of new housing, but also indicated the acceleration of urbanization in the region as residents moved from rural areas to towns and cities for work. According to United ...
The Local History Of An International Type: The Structural Panel Building In Czechoslovakia, 2017 Iowa State University
The Local History Of An International Type: The Structural Panel Building In Czechoslovakia, Kimberly Elman Zarecor
Kimberly E. Zarecor
Focusing on the state-run system of architectural offices as a mediator between politics and practice, this article considers how the 1948 Communist Party takeover of Czechoslovakia affected architectural practice and the establishment of housing types in the early 1950s. The legacy of a strong local construction industry before 1948 was critical to these developments. At the new Institute of Prefabricated Buildings, created in 1952, architects and engineers continued earlier research on prefabricated construction technologies. Through this work, the Czechoslovak government and its architectural administration soon concluded that its best long-term option for solving the country's housing crisis was the ...
Speculative Futures: Drawing Culture, 2017 Iowa State University
Speculative Futures: Drawing Culture, Peter P. Goché
Peter P. Goché
Architecture’s recent resurrection from the pragmatics of modernism in the wake of the technological revolution raises questions about the operative intent of drawing. This return, by engaging new digital techniques with which the draftsman is more efficiently able to figure out and describe design outcome, has yielded renewed frontiers of conceit and observation aided by exploratory drawing media and methods. Contemporary drawing practices offer generative and speculative potential in the process of making and re-making specific to our immediate culture-space.
Chiaroscuro: Material Modalities And Immaterial Harmonics, Installation View, 2017 Iowa State University
Chiaroscuro: Material Modalities And Immaterial Harmonics, Installation View, Peter P. Goché
Peter P. Goché
View of Peter Goche's exhibition "Chiaroscuro: Material Modalities and Immaterial Harmonics," University of Florida School of Architecture Gallery.
Chiaroscuro: Material Modalities And Immaterial Harmonics, 2017 Iowa State University
Chiaroscuro: Material Modalities And Immaterial Harmonics, Peter P. Goché
Peter P. Goché
The exhibit, "Chiaroscuro: Material Modalities and Immaterial Harmonics," will consist of a series of works by Pete Goche, architect, craftsman, and installation artist. Goche's work reflects his deep interest in material practices and making.