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Architectural History and Criticism Commons

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The Place Of Power: The Christian Acquisition Of The Roman Basilica, Tysen Dauer 2014 Minnesota State University, Mankato

The Place Of Power: The Christian Acquisition Of The Roman Basilica, Tysen Dauer

Journal of Undergraduate Research at Minnesota State University, Mankato

Architecture provides a cultural window into peoples’ thoughts, actions, and beliefs. This is especially true of religious architecture. The modern phenomenon of the “megachurch” has resulted from a period of transition for Christians which is strikingly similar to the situation which faced Christians in the 4th century A.D. How the early Christians dealt with their building needs and how modern Christians are dealing with theirs provides an insight into how both the practice of Christianity and the culture in which it is practiced has changed. Research showed that the situations in which these structures were built had much in ...


Breaking The Eviction Cycle: Rethinking Design In An Urban Homeless Campsite, Lauren R. Dunn 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Breaking The Eviction Cycle: Rethinking Design In An Urban Homeless Campsite, Lauren R. Dunn

Masters Theses

In Knoxville, TN, in an area of decaying rail-based industry close to a cluster of homeless services, people experiencing homelessness, who cannot or will not use the shelter system, generate outdoor campsites. Every 6 or 8 months, local authorities evict the campers due to complaints of trash accumulation or disturbances. The homeless campers then move to new locations, and the cycle begins anew. Homeless service providers and policy makers discuss what to do about the perceived problem, but they do not condone the urban campsites or ask the campers what they need to improve their situations.

This is a “wicked ...


Make A Delirious Noise: Improvising Urbanism In New Orleans, Louisiana, Jason Michael Stark 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Make A Delirious Noise: Improvising Urbanism In New Orleans, Louisiana, Jason Michael Stark

Masters Theses

Decades of poor urban design choices and a lack of attention to the characteristics of communities have played prominent roles in the fracturing of urban communities and the relegation of those without means to the edges of the urban fabric: poverty and powerlessness abetted by geographic location. Rather than “restitching” the urban whole back together, I argue that progress can be made through the generation of local nodes of identity: a polynucleated urban condition. The development of spaces to magnify community identity with respect to localized characteristics produces a community focus to replace the unattainable (for those without means) city ...


Urban[E] Agriculture Developing An Architecture That Supports Hyper-Localized Agriculture In The Urban Context, Jason Michael Cole 2014 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Urban[E] Agriculture Developing An Architecture That Supports Hyper-Localized Agriculture In The Urban Context, Jason Michael Cole

Masters Theses

This thesis contains both the outline of the modern day problem of food deserts and nutritional injustice in urban areas, as well as my proposed solution for combatting both of those issues. Through research, investigation, experimentation and synthesis of design, I have put forth my thoughts and ideas on how we as a community can work together to shape our own nutritional destiny in the urban environment.


Roman Baths At Antiochia Ad Cragum: A Preliminary Evaluation Of Bath Architecture As Social Signals In The Ancient Mediterranean World, Holly J. Staggs 2014 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Roman Baths At Antiochia Ad Cragum: A Preliminary Evaluation Of Bath Architecture As Social Signals In The Ancient Mediterranean World, Holly J. Staggs

Anthropology Department Theses and Dissertations

In Rough Cilicia, monumental public architecture was built in the initial phase of the social and political formation of Asia Minor into the Roman Empire during the Imperial Period. As bathing complexes are the most abundant and diverse types of architecture in this region, it would be beneficial to analyze the role of the baths along with their importance in this new Greco-Roman society. This study will focus on two baths at the site of Antiochia ad Cragum, seating this effort in multi-level signaling theory to understand local scale patterning and revised world systems theory to understand regional scale patterning ...


Greta Place As A Historic District, William Riggs 2014 California Polytechnic State University

Greta Place As A Historic District, William Riggs

William W. Riggs

This report, forwarded to the City of San Luis Obispo's Cultural Heritage Commission proposes Greta Place as a mid-century modern historic district. Greta is a small street located centrally in San Luis Obispo, CA (See Figure 1). It has a unique and distinct mid-century presence that is both a well-preserved and concentrated example of a collection of Mid-century single-family homes produced in San Luis Obispo as the City began to expand in the 1950s. It specifically called out in the City’s Historic Context Statement when it describes the street as “a cohesive collection of one-story Mid-century Modern houses ...


At The Periphery Of Architectural History – Looking At Eastern Europe, Carmen Popescu 2014 Purdue University

At The Periphery Of Architectural History – Looking At Eastern Europe, Carmen Popescu

Artl@s Bulletin

Long-time absent or only briefly mentioned for those examples fitting into the schemata, Eastern Europe has started to integrate in the past few years the mainstream discourse of architectural history. The reason of this inclusion is to be sought for not only in a certain globalization – both of the practice and of the academic discipline – but also in the mutations operated recently in the field of architectural historiography. However, in spite of the renewed context, Eastern Europe remains still marginal, both geographically – though globalization turned peripherality into a relative issue – and disciplinarily. The paper looks at Eastern European architecture as ...


Not-I/Thou: The Other Subject Of Art And Architecture, Gavin W. Keeney 2014 SelectedWorks

Not-I/Thou: The Other Subject Of Art And Architecture, Gavin W. Keeney

Gavin W Keeney

Not-I/Thou: The Other Subject of Art and Architecture is a series of essays delineating the gray areas and black zones in present-day cultural production with, in Part One (The Gray and the Black), an implicit critique of neoliberal capitalism and its assault on the humanities through the pseudo-scientific and pseudo-empirical biases of academic and professional disciplines. Initially surveying the shift from Cultural Ecology to Cultural Studies to Cognitive Capitalism, the essays of Part Two (What is “Franciscan” Ontology?) return to certain lost causes in the historical development of modernity and post-modernity, foremost the recourse to artistic production as both ...


The Artist And The Rebel: The Art Of Graffiti And Its Impact On Memory Architecture, Stephen A. Setman '14 2014 Gettysburg College

The Artist And The Rebel: The Art Of Graffiti And Its Impact On Memory Architecture, Stephen A. Setman '14

Celebration

The lasting presence of graffiti in major cities like Berlin raises the question, what kind of perspective does such an art form have on memory? Given that graffiti are written or painted on structures and buildings, which are already their own kind of monument, and that the content of graffiti tends towards the politically and socially critical, how are we to understand the relationship of these works to places of memory creation? Why, for example, do we sometimes give monumental protection (Denkmanlschutz) to works of graffiti, and why so often not? My research investigates the roll of graffiti in cultural ...


Making By Taking: An Investigation Of Architectural Appropriation, Victoria Lee 2014 Syracuse University

Making By Taking: An Investigation Of Architectural Appropriation, Victoria Lee

Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects

The project contends that explicit appropriation can be a legitimate method of architectural production. The scope encompasses four canonical works of architecture: Villa Rotonda, Villa Savoye, Fallingwater, and the Farnsworth House. These works are appropriated as the basis of a retrospective analysis and as the foundation for a speculative, generative design strategy. Following the height of postmodernism, the notion of explicit formal appropriation was characterized in a negative light, seen as inauthentic imitation. However, an increasing number of contemporary artists and architects are utilizing explicit appropriation and historical reference as a primary method of production. This mode of thinking can ...


American Picnickers, Yuxiang Luo 2014 Syracuse University

American Picnickers, Yuxiang Luo

Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects

This thesis investigates the eating practice of American commuters. The issue of food is addressed through a social lens, affected by spatial conditions. The project thus aims to reinvent the operation of roadside food business, through the design of a series of spatial conditions that activate new social relations.

Commuters’ eating practice is problematic; the drive-thru as a prevalent building and business typology has created spatial and social isolation for various parties in the society. The social isolation has two implications. On one hand, as drivers eat alone in the car, they are isolated from other eaters, thus degrading the ...


Mapping As Performing Place, Aslihan Senel 2014 University of Kentucky

Mapping As Performing Place, Aslihan Senel

disClosure: A Journal of Social Theory

Mapping is an emerging act in contemporary discourse to understand, criticize, and re-imagine complex cultural, social, and physical relationships in the built environment. Maps are documents nearly as old as the human history in representing the relationships of people to land. Yet, mapping rather than map-making is a newly created concept as an alternative way of thinking about this relationship. Mapping refers less to a representation than a performance, in which the maker, place, and the product redefine, reposition and reproduce each other in the process. Mapping may allow developing an embodied and critical understanding of place, which is continuously ...


Inaccurate Restorations: Charles Mackintosh's Sauchiehall St. Willow Tea-Rooms, Ontario Caudill 2014 Iowa State University

Inaccurate Restorations: Charles Mackintosh's Sauchiehall St. Willow Tea-Rooms, Ontario Caudill

Symposium on Undergraduate Research and Creative Expression

Charles Mackintosh designed among the most successful tea-rooms of the early twentieth century, in particular, the Willow Tea-Rooms in Glasgow, Scotland. Because of their ground-breaking modern forms and ornament, Mackintosh's designs for this building are still considered to be among the most important of the period. Unfortunately, Glasgow is failing its famed architect. This paper argues that three twentieth century interventions caused significant damage to Mackintosh's design, some of which are irreversible. They include, 1) transforming the Room de Luxe into a bridal shop for Daly's Department Store, 2) restoring the Room de Luxe as a tea ...


Architecture Of Esposizione Universale Roma: Reassessing Fascism’S Contribution To The Success Of Modern Rome, Albert Li 2014 Iowa State University

Architecture Of Esposizione Universale Roma: Reassessing Fascism’S Contribution To The Success Of Modern Rome, Albert Li

Symposium on Undergraduate Research and Creative Expression

Amidst the successful modern architectural styles of the twentieth century, Italian Fascist architecture remains overlooked. Based on principles of nationalism and strength, the architectural style came to existence through a fusion of modernism’s simplicity and Imperial Rome’s iconography. While Fascist ideals are disregarded today, perpetuated by their alignment with Mussolini’s failed regime, Fascist buildings have quietly ascended to a level of preeminence among modern Italian forms. This paper evaluates the constancy and relevancy of Fascist architecture in modern day Rome, and reassesses the historical contributions off Fascist design. The paper’s methodologies include material culture analysis of ...


Spans Across Time: Compliance Of Historic Maine Coastal Bridges With Modern Geometric Design Standards, Elizabeth Reynolds 2014 The University of Maine

Spans Across Time: Compliance Of Historic Maine Coastal Bridges With Modern Geometric Design Standards, Elizabeth Reynolds

Honors College

The purpose of this thesis is to study a wide range of historic bridges along the coast of Maine. Three bridges were selected for study: Sewall’s Bridge, Bailey Island Bridge, and Deer Isle-Sedgwick Bridge. The selected bridges exhibit varying historic treatment approaches, material use, structure type, and span length. This thesis establishes the compliance of these bridges with modern geometric standards, as defined by AASHTO (2011), including maximum grade, vertical and horizontal alignment, roadway width, and sidewalk width. Passing sight distance, passenger comfort and general appearance are not be included in this evaluation of geometric design.

This document outlines ...


Storytelling In Bronze: The Doors Of The Baptistery Of San Giovanni As Emblems Of Florence's Roman History And Artistic Progression, Erin M. Gregory 2014 College of William and Mary

Storytelling In Bronze: The Doors Of The Baptistery Of San Giovanni As Emblems Of Florence's Roman History And Artistic Progression, Erin M. Gregory

Honors Theses

The three bronze doors of the Baptistery of San Giovanni stand as public expressions of Florence’s imperial history, economic stability, and artistic advances. These commissions can only be understood in their physical context within the Baptistery, the city’s most revered monument. The Baptistery testifies to Florence’s imperial Roman and early Christian history, and it serves vital religious and civic functions within the commune. Each bronze door guards the liminal space between the city’s public sphere and the sacred interior where the baptismal ritual is performed. The bronze medium and the narrative style of the doors further ...


Mollifying The Muses: An Exploration Of Conflict In The Life And Works Of Iannis Xenakis, Davis S. Butner 2014 University of Pennsylvania

Mollifying The Muses: An Exploration Of Conflict In The Life And Works Of Iannis Xenakis, Davis S. Butner

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The early life of Iannis Xenakis, a modern day Renaissance scholar who would come to redefine the limits of musical composition and sound-driven spatial design in the 21st century, was overshadowed by adversity, conflict and alienation. Fleeing from his home country in 1947 after a nearly fatal wound to the face during the Greek Revolution, Xenakis' newfound life and career in the atelier of French architect Le Corbusier allowed for the budding engineer to explore a collective passion for music and mathematics within his work. Nevertheless, just as a giant facial scar would stand as a permanent physical symbol for ...


Building In The Piedmont Watersheds – Outside And Inside, Walter Cressler 2014 West Chester University

Building In The Piedmont Watersheds – Outside And Inside, Walter Cressler

Walt Cressler

No abstract provided.


Preserving The Historic Garden Suburb: Case Studies From London And New York, Jeffrey A. Kroessler 2014 University of South Florida

Preserving The Historic Garden Suburb: Case Studies From London And New York, Jeffrey A. Kroessler

Suburban Sustainability

The garden city or garden suburb was a response to the social and environmental ills of cities at the turn of the twentieth century. Letchworth Garden City, Hampstead Garden Suburb, and Welwyn Garden City were built outside London in the early 1900s, and each remains a highly desirable place of residence today. From the start, each was tightly regulated, and remains so a century later. By protecting the appearance and enhancing property values, the strict application of historic preservation principles contribute to the long-term sustainability of each place. Similar garden suburbs were built in the borough of Queens in New ...


Travelling In Turkey, Fathi Habashi 2014 SelectedWorks

Travelling In Turkey, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

The peninsula that lies between the Black and Mediterranean seas, called Asia Minor by the Romans and Anatolia by the Greeks, was one of the crossroads of ancient civilizations. The fall of Constantinople in 1453 was a turning point in the history of mankind. Visits to Istanbul, Ankara, Eskisehir given together with the history of the country. Mineral resources of the country is briefly outlined.


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