Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Architectural History and Criticism Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

395 Full-Text Articles 265 Authors 115,702 Downloads 61 Institutions

All Articles in Architectural History and Criticism

Faceted Search

395 full-text articles. Page 1 of 10.

Postwar Residential New Towns In Japan: Constructing Modernism, Michelle L. Hauk 2015 Washington University in St Louis

Postwar Residential New Towns In Japan: Constructing Modernism, Michelle L. Hauk

Graduate School of Architecture & Urban Design Theses

In 1963, Japan passed the New Residential Town Development Act prompting the construction of publicly constructed large-scale residential satellite towns across the nation in response to a severe housing crisis. Addressing two case studies, Senri New Town near Osaka and Tama New Town outside of Tokyo, this thesis examines the historical and social context of the design and construction of postwar new towns by tracing the institutional, intellectual, and architectural histories that shaped their urban form. Senri New Town, the first to be built in Japan, exemplified the model for the postwar new town while Tama New Town, the largest ...


The Bayreuth Festspielhaus: The Metaphysical Manifestation Of Wagner's Der Ring Des Nibelungen, Matthew Timmermans 2015 University of Ottawa

The Bayreuth Festspielhaus: The Metaphysical Manifestation Of Wagner's Der Ring Des Nibelungen, Matthew Timmermans

Nota Bene: Canadian Undergraduate Journal of Musicology

This essay explores how the architectural design of the Bayreuth Festspielhaus effects the performance of Wagner’s later operas, specifically Der Ring des Nibelungen. Contrary to Wagner’s theoretical writings, which advocate equality among the various facets of operatic production (Gesamtkuntswerk), I argue that Wagner’s architectural design elevates music above these other art forms. The evidence lies within the unique architecture of the house, which Wagner constructed to realize his operatic vision. An old conception of Wagnerian performance advocated by Cosima Wagner—in interviews and letters—was consciously left by Richard Wagner. However, I juxtapose this with Daniel Barenboim ...


Medieval Architectures For Religious Tourism And Hospitality Along The Pilgrimage Routes Of Northern Italy, Silvia Beltramo 2015 Politecnico di Torino

Medieval Architectures For Religious Tourism And Hospitality Along The Pilgrimage Routes Of Northern Italy, Silvia Beltramo

International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage

Sacred spaces are, and have always been, places of reception: hospitality is in fact a precept of God. Many biblical passages remind us of this, such as the one (Gen 18, 4-5) in which Abraham welcomes three guests, washes their feet and offers them a piece of bread and a place to rest under a tree. Saint Benedict too, in chapter 53 of the Rule, insisted on the need to honour pilgrims and travellers, who should be welcomed with a charitable service ready for devotion and stated that all guests who entered the monastery should be received as if they ...


Green School, Healthy School? The Role Of Children In Post-Occupancy Evaluation To Determine Indoor Air Quality In Classrooms, Andrea S. Wheeler 2015 Iowa State University

Green School, Healthy School? The Role Of Children In Post-Occupancy Evaluation To Determine Indoor Air Quality In Classrooms, Andrea S. Wheeler

Andrea S. Wheeler

Issues of internal and external air pollution, common diseases afflicting children, and concerns for optimizing learning potential are all important factors to consider in post-occupancy evaluations of air quality in schools. However, children’s perspectives on air quality are largely overlooked. Developing an appropriate methodology to include children is both important and institutionally difficult. This paper examines child-friendly methods of conducting post-occupancy examination of indoor air quality in school settings. It proposes interdisciplinary work on post-occupancy methodologies, engaging with social-science literature on research with children. The paper identifies barriers to the development of an inclusive post-occupancy methodology that can collect ...


Change Over Time: Neatline And The Study Of Architectural History, lisa a. reilly 2015 University of Virginia

Change Over Time: Neatline And The Study Of Architectural History, Lisa A. Reilly

Artl@s Bulletin

This article discusses how the usual study of architecture from the perspective of a single moment in time, usually the moment of its creation is limiting. New methodologies make it possible to add to the current rich variety of approaches available to the architectural historian in order to consider the dynamic history of the forms we study. This problem can be resolved in part through the use of digital tools, in particular Neatline, (www.neatline.org) which allows the viewer to see and understand how a building changes over time.


Ek Tou Homerou Ad Homerum: A Survey Of The Roman Imperial Iconography Of Homer, Juan Dopico 2015 Washington University in St Louis

Ek Tou Homerou Ad Homerum: A Survey Of The Roman Imperial Iconography Of Homer, Juan Dopico

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis evaluates the imagery of Homer in Roman imperial mosaics stemming from the 2nd century AD to the 5th century AD. In doing so, it will show that the Romans perhaps transformed the image of Homer in order that the patron may identify himself as an erudite and intellectual elite. This practice might have strong parallels with literary treatments with Homer during the Second Sophistic, especially among the Platonic philosophical tradition in the imperial period.

As a tool for those wishing to do a systematic analysis of figures in Roman art, mosaics contain some advantages that other ...


Exploring Nineteenth Century Church Architecture In Saint Louis, Missouri: 1870-1900, Rebecca A. Pressimone 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Exploring Nineteenth Century Church Architecture In Saint Louis, Missouri: 1870-1900, Rebecca A. Pressimone

Theses from the Architecture Program

Steeplechasing, a seventeenth century pastime in England, was a form of match horse racing. At the time, steeples were the most distinguishable landmarks and were used to indicate the beginning and end of a steeplechase race. Over time, steeplechasing became more of a sport, and has since been turned into a track and field event, however the idea of the steeplechase remains present in architectural development, travel, and tourism. Saint Louis, Missouri—home to close to fifty religious denominations—is not unaccustomed with the design, history and use of a steeple. In Saint Louis, steeples were, and continue to be ...


The Role Of Healing Gardens, Kalina K. Vander Poel 2015 architecture

The Role Of Healing Gardens, Kalina K. Vander Poel

Student Research Symposium

The objective of this research is to observe the use patterns of a healing garden located on the oncology floor of a pediatric hospital. Use patterns recorded through behavior mapping and tracking focus on collecting data related to the type of user, length of stay, and activity. Three user groups (patient, provider, and visitor) stay an average of eight (8) minutes at Randall Children’s Hospital ranging in activity from sit and relax to actively play. Some findings are concurrent with past research while other findings are not. This research serves as an initial set of data to inform the ...


Permitting Memory, Cody Alan Rau 2015 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Permitting Memory, Cody Alan Rau

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Santa Maria Antiqua: The Amalgamation Of Identity In Early Medieval Rome, Cayce Davis 2015 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Santa Maria Antiqua: The Amalgamation Of Identity In Early Medieval Rome, Cayce Davis

Pursuit - The Journal of Undergraduate Research at the University of Tennessee

The intent of this investigation is to frame an identity for the church of Santa Maria Antiqua and the urban condition of Rome during the sixth through eighth centuries. Coupling topographical and semiotic information with larger geographic issues, this study interrogates the church and specific individuals associated with it as a way of more comprehensively understanding Santa Maria Antiqua as a visual medium of cultural change and political propaganda. Narrating the complex formation of personal and social identity at the site allows us to understand greater physical and social contexts and explore more thoroughly early Christian Rome.


Materialism: The Search For Something More, Nolan S. Golgert 2015 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Materialism: The Search For Something More, Nolan S. Golgert

Theses from the Architecture Program

“Part of our troubles results from the tendency to ascribe to architects – or, for that matter, to all specialists – exceptional insight into problems of living when, in truth, most of them are concerned with problems of business and prestige. Besides, the art of living is neither taught nor encouraged in this country. We look at it as a form of debauch. Little aware that its tenets are frugality, cleanliness, and a general respect for creation, not to mention Creation.”

– Bernard Rudofsky (Rudofsky, 1964)

– Life is complicated – because of this, specialists derive narratives as readings for the living. Too often, these ...


The Built Environment, Utopia, And The American Dream: Suburban Development In The United States In The 19th And 20th Centuries, Nicole Schwartz 2015 Trinity College

The Built Environment, Utopia, And The American Dream: Suburban Development In The United States In The 19th And 20th Centuries, Nicole Schwartz

Senior Theses and Projects

This project explores the development and evolution of the suburban built environment in the United States, from the nineteenth century in the wake of the Industrial Revolution into present day. Philosophical movements and the advent of urban planning as a recognized academic discipline at the beginning of the twentieth century contributed to a focus on urban design and development as a way to combat problems within society. Architects and planners were employed to not simply build homes in residential districts, but to increase social capital and foster healthy growth. By constructing a physically perfect model of society, a utopia, planners ...


Green School, Designing For Comfort And Beyond…, Andrea S. Wheeler, Naghmeh Pak, Evan Jeanblanc 2015 Iowa State University

Green School, Designing For Comfort And Beyond…, Andrea S. Wheeler, Naghmeh Pak, Evan Jeanblanc

Andrea S. Wheeler

Comfort is defined through human senses; sight, hearing, smell, touch, and taste. Each sense can lead to a greater or lesser degree of comfort. However, children experience comfort differently than adults. They experience spaces differently and have different knowledge about the performance of a building than adult users; they can also have a perspective on design quality unlike that of the architect. School is a designed environment that a child lives in for over 6 hours a day; it is it is thus argued simply a matter of a child’s right to be consulted about his or her day-to-day ...


Perspective: Of Time And Eternity, James G. Lawson 2015 University of Edinburgh

Perspective: Of Time And Eternity, James G. Lawson

Journal of Humanistic Mathematics

This paper considers geometric perspective in relation to devotional requirements in Italian religious painting from about 1250 to about 1450. The content of the altarpiece consisted in antithetical elements---the graphic exposition of Christian dogmatics, and a dramatis personae increasingly to be identified in empathetic terms. The one-point perspective system that was invented towards the end of that period, then, presented an opportunity and a difficulty. It enabled the creation of a naturalistic space, aiding empathetic identification with psychologically plausible individuals in the pictured world. On the other hand, whilst superficially the space marked out by the geometry of the vanishing ...


Successful Urban Design Principles For The Redevelopment Of The Historic Seafronts In The Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia, Along The North Red Sea , Case Study: Yanbu Al-Bahr’S Historic Seafront, Naif F. Alanazi 2015 Virginia Commonwealth University

Successful Urban Design Principles For The Redevelopment Of The Historic Seafronts In The Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia, Along The North Red Sea , Case Study: Yanbu Al-Bahr’S Historic Seafront, Naif F. Alanazi

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis highlights the role of urban planners in the revitalization of historic

seafronts as creative and attractive places for people and a key factor in the

regeneration of the urban economy in the historic seafront areas. The Saudi Arabia

historic seafront areas along the North Red Sea have been neglected and are suffering

because of slow development and changes to industrial uses. This thesis will focus on

the urban design principles that make historic seafronts more attractive and

successful, and will use a case study approach of several American waterfront cities

such as Baltimore, Maryland; San Francisco, California; and ...


The Riddell Of Modern Architecture: Defining The Profession In The Mid-Nineteenth Century, Eryn Boyce 2015 University of Pennsylvania

The Riddell Of Modern Architecture: Defining The Profession In The Mid-Nineteenth Century, Eryn Boyce

Theses (Historic Preservation)

When Philadelphia architect John Riddell published his pattern book Architectural Designs for Model Country Residences in 1861, American society was in the midst of a decades-long transformation. Industrialization caused rapid growth in America’s urban centers, raised the living standard and purchasing power of a large portion of the nation’s population, and encouraged the creation of separate pockets for business and industry in the urban environment. Against this background, builders, carpenters, and other professionals involved in the construction industry witnessed a push towards professionalization as those calling themselves “architects” sought to define their design work as a distinct profession ...


The Jewel Of Brewerytown: Past, Present, And Future At The Poth Brewery, Mary Feitz 2015 University of Pennsylvania

The Jewel Of Brewerytown: Past, Present, And Future At The Poth Brewery, Mary Feitz

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The former F.A. Poth Brewing Company at 31st and Jefferson Streets in Brewerytown is one of the last remaining 19th century brewery structures in Philadelphia and a beautiful example of the Rundbogenstil-style industrial architecture designed by architect Otto C. Wolf. This thesis draws upon primary sources, including insurance surveys, maps, promotional pamphlets, and advertisements to map the evolution of the brewery in from its very beginnings to its heyday and subsequent decline, with an emphasis on the ways in which the spatial layout of the site functioned as part of the industrial brewing process. It then examines existing literature ...


To Build On The Past: A Foundational Database Of The Vermont Marble Company Archives, Kaitlin Pluskota 2015 University of Pennsylvania

To Build On The Past: A Foundational Database Of The Vermont Marble Company Archives, Kaitlin Pluskota

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis took advantage of the rare opportunity to look into the business records of the Vermont Marble Company. A study period of 1924-1927, and about 1,000 contracts from the company were first recorded in a digital database and then examined. As a preliminary study of this material, this thesis suggests future uses of the Vermont Marble Company archive and recounts the information gathered from this venture. Architectural trends related to the Beaux-Arts, City Beautiful, and Art-Deco movements were observed, as were trends related to specific marble types and building project locations.


China Gothic: Indigenous' Church Design In Late-Imperial Beijing, Anthony E. Clark PhD 2015 Whitworth University

China Gothic: Indigenous' Church Design In Late-Imperial Beijing, Anthony E. Clark Phd

History Faculty Scholarship

In 1887 the French ecclesiastic-cum-architect, Bishop Alphonse Favier, negotiated the construction of Beijing’s most extravagant church, the North Church cathedral, located near the Forbidden City. China was then under a semi-colonial occupation of missionaries and diplomats, and Favier was an icon of France’s mission civilisatrice. For missionaries such as Favier, Gothic church design represented the inherent caractère Français expected to “civilize” the Chinese empire. Having secured funds from the imperial court to build his ambitious Gothic cathedral, the French bishop enlisted local builders to realize his architectural vision, which consisted of Gothic arches, exaggerated finials, and a rose ...


Design Of Children's Event And Cutural Center In Osu, Accra, Ghana, rudi somuah 2015 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Design Of Children's Event And Cutural Center In Osu, Accra, Ghana, Rudi Somuah

Masters Theses May 2014-current

Osu, a district in central Accra, Ghana, is known for its busy commercial enterprises, countless restaurants and vibrant nightlife. Osu remains prominent in Ghana and also globally for a variety of reasons. One of such reasons is that it is arguably Ghana's most contemporary setting; second to no other location in the entire country. Osu is also the site of Ghana's seat of government- The Colonial era Christiansburg Castle which houses the president’s office and official residence. The town also plays host to several western diplomatic missions and embassies including the American Embassy. In addition to its ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress