Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Architectural History and Criticism Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

780 Full-Text Articles 477 Authors 160488 Downloads 73 Institutions

All Articles in Architectural History and Criticism

Faceted Search

780 full-text articles. Page 1 of 22.

The Shenzhen Activist Program`, Hyunggyu Kim, Jae Hyun Kim 2016 Syracuse University

The Shenzhen Activist Program`, Hyunggyu Kim, Jae Hyun Kim

Architecture Senior Theses

There is a gap between being an architecture student in western countries and working as an architect in underrepresented communities. Architect Teddy Cruz defines the role of an activist architect as "expanded mode of practice", and the task of "deigning the protocols or the interfaces between communities and spaces".

This thesis contends that architecture schools need to continue to embrace the widely-accepted norm of studios studying abroad and working in an international studio. Current study abroad programs tend to skew towards being touristic field trips and there is not a curriculum or programmatic investment in cultivating relationships between the visiting ...


Reforming Recreation, Rob Whitehead 2016 Iowa State University

Reforming Recreation, Rob Whitehead

Rob Whitehead

A college campus is always in motion, and its students are rarely still. In this surrogate village, certain buildings have only a particular set of uses and users, so students are constantly moving around to find the various places, spaces, and faces that offer them the knowledge, rest, sustenance, and entertainment they need—ideally a little bit of each, conveniently offered in various locations, throughout their day.


Tectonics, Tolerances, And Time: Examining Eero Saarinen’S And Mies Van Der Rohe’S Buildings At Drake University, Des Moines, Iowa, Rob Whitehead 2016 Iowa State University

Tectonics, Tolerances, And Time: Examining Eero Saarinen’S And Mies Van Der Rohe’S Buildings At Drake University, Des Moines, Iowa, Rob Whitehead

Rob Whitehead

Due to the unprecedented expansion of postwar enrollments at colleges and universities in America, campuses nationwide expanded rapidly and embraced the efficiency in construction, performance, and expression offered by Modern architecture. The resulting buildings favored a language of simplicity and honesty, eschewing traditional means of material expression and construction in favor of an expressive, elemental language featuring exposed assembly systems and tight dimensional tolerances. Unfortunately, time has revealed the inherent fragility of this approach.

Campuses nationwide, including Drake University in Des Moines, Iowa, face massive challenges in the preservation and remediation of these buildings. After WWII, Drake added sixteen new ...


The Minneapolis Federal Courthouse Plaza: Meaning And Identity, Heidi M. Hohmann 2016 Iowa State University

The Minneapolis Federal Courthouse Plaza: Meaning And Identity, Heidi M. Hohmann

Heidi Hohmann

The Federal Courthouse Plaza in Minneapolis might be considered a 'run-of-the-mill' project for Martha Schwartz. Critically acclaimed, it uses a minimalist design vocabulary, innovates with new materials, and expands on theoretical ideas she has previously explored. Designed and constructed for the Government Services Administration (GSA), the plaza comprises half a block at the bases of the Federal Courthouse designed by Kohn Pedersen Fox.


Landscape Architecture: A Terminal Case?, Heidi M. Hohmann, Joern Langhorst 2016 Iowa State University

Landscape Architecture: A Terminal Case?, Heidi M. Hohmann, Joern Langhorst

Heidi Hohmann

Late last year, two faculty members at Iowa State University circulated a manifesto to other departments of landscape architecture, charging that the field has outlived its historic purpose. Read excerpts from the manifest below, then read what Gary Hilderbrand, FASLA; Peter Jacobs, FASLA; Elizabeth Meyer, FASLA; Patrick A. Miller, FASLA; James Palmer, FASLA; Steven Velegrinis; and Peter Walker, FASLA, and Jane Gillette had to say in response.


City United, Park Fragmented, Heidi M. Hohmann 2016 Iowa State University

City United, Park Fragmented, Heidi M. Hohmann

Heidi Hohmann

The Common Cry of Urban Development, "if you want to make an omelette, you've got to break some eggs," definitely applies to Boston's Big Dig, which has been an eggbeater in the heart of Boston for the past 20 years. Today the benefits of the demolition are clearly apparent in the open spaces of the Rose Kennedy Greenway that now stands in place of the elevated Central Artery.


L’Architecture Des Premières Maisons Européennes D’Alger, 1830-1865, Asma Hadjilah 2016 Ecole polytechnique d'architecture et d'urbanisme d'Alger

L’Architecture Des Premières Maisons Européennes D’Alger, 1830-1865, Asma Hadjilah

Artl@s Bulletin

Dès 1830, la présence française à Alger apporta un changement notable dans paysage architectural de la ville. La construction de maisons européennes en constitue le trait le plus manifeste. Leurs premiers modèles sont élevés au sein même de la ville ottomane, principalement dans sa partie basse. Nous tentons dans cet article d’éclairer certains aspects de ce type d’habitat. Pour ce faire, nous nous appuierons sur les trois outils de travail nécessaires à l’étude de l’architecture mineure, à savoir le parcellaire, le gabarit et l’ordonnancement. Par ailleurs, on interrogera le débat sur la circulation internationale des ...


Windows On The World: The Aesthetics Of Difference In Neoliberal New York, Nicholas Gamso 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Windows On The World: The Aesthetics Of Difference In Neoliberal New York, Nicholas Gamso

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation seeks to refine critical methods for interpreting global cities and their cultures, charting an aesthetic history of neoliberal New York — from the 1929 regional plan to the present. Surveying a range of literature, art criticism, and planning discourse, I argue that the global has served as the dominant motif of spatial production and political power during this watershed era. I trace this argument through analyses of midcentury planning’s global spatial imaginings, gentrification and imperial metaphor, transnational encounter in World literature, and the city’s contemporary waste and recourse imaginaries. While I follow the Marxist account of the ...


The Chorro Valley Trail From Cal Poly To Cuesta College, Nichole M. Garner 2016 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

The Chorro Valley Trail From Cal Poly To Cuesta College, Nichole M. Garner

City and Regional Planning

No abstract provided.


Report On The 2016 Society Of Architectural Historians Conference, Jacqueline Spafford 2016 University of California, Santa Barbara

Report On The 2016 Society Of Architectural Historians Conference, Jacqueline Spafford

VRA Bulletin

The 69th Society of Architectural Historians conference was held April 6-10, 2016 in Pasadena, California. The conference was an international gathering of nearly 800 architectural historians, architects, historic preservationist, information professionals, and commercial partners. In the two days of sessions, 212 scholarly papers were presented. In addition, there were round tables, special interest group meetings, highlighted talks, and two days of tours.


The Vital Ambiguity Of Surface: Culturally Determined Notions Of Metaphor And Performance In Contemporary Building Material, Christopher T. Campbell 2016 Washington University in St. Louis

The Vital Ambiguity Of Surface: Culturally Determined Notions Of Metaphor And Performance In Contemporary Building Material, Christopher T. Campbell

Graduate School of Art Theses

This thesis investigates the systems and information decipherable within a material surface; more specifically, those ideas of value, performance, and function we may infer from the surface of contemporary building materials. When these materials are reduced to their flattened image, the cosmetic facade of a surface has the capacity to inform as well as deceive. Additionally, we may see in materials outward properties, such as color or tactility, the capacity for metaphor and the application of a symbolic personhood. This thesis seeks to comprehend the ways in which these expectations become fodder for complication and paradox, and promote a perceptual ...


Colonization To Construction: Bridging The Gap Between Ancient Chamorro, Spanish Colonial & Modern Architecture On Guam, Dominic J. Lizama 2016 University of San Francisco

Colonization To Construction: Bridging The Gap Between Ancient Chamorro, Spanish Colonial & Modern Architecture On Guam, Dominic J. Lizama

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Guam is an island in the Marianas that, over time, has experienced a rich cultural history brought about by its exposure to colonization, natural disasters, warfare and the continual influx of people and culture. Therefore, the architecture that exists on the island is one that divides itself into four distinct styles with each as a response to external forces that affected the island. By researching each of these styles, one is able to fully understand the holistic view of Guam’s history in order to design architecture that reflects the past with anticipation for the future. This thesis works to ...


De-Westernizing The Far East, Jericho K. Kakaio-Edwards 2016 University of San Francisco

De-Westernizing The Far East, Jericho K. Kakaio-Edwards

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Isolated by the Tibetan highlands which frame Yunnan’s northwest fringes, the ethnic minorities who call the region home live in rural settings ranging from rice-terraced fields to tropical forests; lifestyle unchanged for hundreds of years. However, with globalization causing an exposure to western standards of living, in conjunction with the country’s predisposition towards all things foreign, the people of Yunnan have begun forgoing generations of vernacular architecture in favor of modern materials and regionally defunct construction methods. Here, we will seek to address this foible of architectural development by offering theoretical construction methods for housing types found throughout ...


A Mat Response To Deinstitutionalization | A Model For Spatial Medicine, Dominic S. LiPuma 2016 Syracuse University

A Mat Response To Deinstitutionalization | A Model For Spatial Medicine, Dominic S. Lipuma

Architecture Senior Theses

In an attempt to salvage the institution, this thesis adopts the Mat-building strategy and typology, coined by Alison Smithson in 1974, exploiting its inherent qualities as a minimal, flexible, and temporal framework, which best supports the unique program of a Community Mental Health Center (CMHC).

This is in response to the severed and contentious relationship between architecture and mental health, in regards to psychopathology. The two fields were estranged with the onset of deinstitutionalization, beginning in the 1960s, and the consequent abandonment of architectural issues has prevented their reconciliation. As a result, further social issues have manifested, with higher proportions ...


Occupy Pomo | A Citizen's Guide To Urban Excavation, Kriti Garg 2016 Syracuse University

Occupy Pomo | A Citizen's Guide To Urban Excavation, Kriti Garg

Architecture Senior Theses

Traditionally, architects' definitions of solid-void conditions create a dichotomy between private, or built matter, and public, or void, spaces. Yet, this notion is a missed opportunity to understand the complex society of the twenty-first century that no longer operates within the realm of open, public space nor acts as a point of primal cohesiveness for culture and community. Rather than aggregating at instances of density, it is lost within a new ghostly cosmopolitan substitute of mass consumption and globalized culture. This new public realm is a "phantom public sphere", one comprised of "sub-publics", tailored to the demands of a mass ...


Phasing Permanence Through Flux, Estefania Maldonadov, Andrew Filkoff 2016 Syracuse University

Phasing Permanence Through Flux, Estefania Maldonadov, Andrew Filkoff

Architecture Senior Theses

The "post-industrial revolution" has, in its wake, given rise to a swath of cities suffering economic decline and social deterioration. These "shrinking cities" have experienced a loss in population to their surrounding suburbs and other dormitory settlements. Once thriving cities have been reduced to functioning as overdeveloped business parks where people come to work for five days a week - but then leave each evening to return to suburban ideal. It is unreasonable to assume that any masterplan alone can promote the future success of a shrinking city. Rather, this thesis contends that by dissecting the historical narratives and spatial qualities ...


Collaborating With Catastrophe | A User's Guide To Post-Apocalyptic Farming, Patricia Cafferky 2016 Syracuse University

Collaborating With Catastrophe | A User's Guide To Post-Apocalyptic Farming, Patricia Cafferky

Architecture Senior Theses

“Collaborating with Catastrophe” contends that architecture has the capacity to visually manifest unseen forces through design’s reaction to them, allowing people to more fully comprehend and engage the intangible. Climate change, arguably the largest threat to modern day humanity, is not visible, existing only as a collection of data and patterns in a statistical construct. Taking stock of the present day failings of society in the face of crisis, this thesis then extrapolates a potential future dystopia precipitated by man-made pollutants in order to engage the problem at its most severe. Architecture is then able to make the toxic ...


The Foreign Complex | A Cross-Cultural Vernacular, Dexter Cicchinelli 2016 Syracuse University

The Foreign Complex | A Cross-Cultural Vernacular, Dexter Cicchinelli

Architecture Senior Theses

This thesis investigates transforming a decommissioned military site into a productive part of its host nation’s context. Okinawa consists of a group of islands that make up the southern-most prefecture of Japan. MAP It is situated midway between Tokyo and Manila, and called the “keystone of the Pacific” by military planners because of its strategic location. AERIAL FLIGHT MAP It was the site of the devastating Battle of Okinawa in WWII which prompted an ongoing history of military intervention and occupation. TIMELINE Immediately after the war, displaced Okinawans were put in camps while the military claimed land for bases ...


Redefining The Constraint | Designing Control To Support Rehabilitation, Jessica Borri 2016 Syracuse University

Redefining The Constraint | Designing Control To Support Rehabilitation, Jessica Borri

Architecture Senior Theses

The concrete lined cells of a contemporary prison do not lend themselves well to processes of rehabilitation. This thesis contends that it is time for architects to rethink the architecture of the prison. When an inmate knows he is being watched, he tends to exhibit positive behavior out of fear of the consequences of any action deemed to be negative. This thesis contends that by incorporating the apparatus of surveillance seamlessly into a prison's architecture it may be possible to provide spaces that feel more open and less oppressive.

One way to generate a feeling of openness is to ...


Uncreative Construction | Domestic Mutations In America, Sean Morgan 2016 Syracuse University

Uncreative Construction | Domestic Mutations In America, Sean Morgan

Architecture Senior Theses

A shift in residential patterns in American cities have fostered a breeding ground for mutant buildings. Owners split, manipulate, and expand their houses as they create idiosyncratic constructs of great visual and spatial complexity. Originally developed for a middle class population, single-family homes have become mixed-use or multi-family complexes thanks to the resourceful implementation of commercial materials.

This thesis aims to develop a new strategy for transforming the normative American house by using the conventions of platform frame construction. Variations will emerge from a set of design constraints, which—unlike that employed for typical houses—are based on data that ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress