Green School, Designing For Comfort And Beyond…, 2015 Iowa State University
Green School, Designing For Comfort And Beyond…, Andrea S. Wheeler, Naghmeh Pak, Evan Jeanblanc
Andrea S. Wheeler
Comfort is defined through human senses; sight, hearing, smell, touch, and taste. Each sense can lead to a greater or lesser degree of comfort. However, children experience comfort differently than adults. They experience spaces differently and have different knowledge about the performance of a building than adult users; they can also have a perspective on design quality unlike that of the architect. School is a designed environment that a child lives in for over 6 hours a day; it is it is thus argued simply a matter of a child’s right to be consulted about his or her day-to-day ...
Wheeler, Andrea (2014) “The Sustainable School: Effective And Energy Efficient Ventilation In The Classroom, And The Question Of Educational Performance And Wellbeing” World Sustainable Building Conference, 28th – 30th October, Barcelona., 2014 Iowa State University
Wheeler, Andrea (2014) “The Sustainable School: Effective And Energy Efficient Ventilation In The Classroom, And The Question Of Educational Performance And Wellbeing” World Sustainable Building Conference, 28th – 30th October, Barcelona., Andrea S. Wheeler
Andrea S. Wheeler
Abstract: Within the context of designing a sustainable school, technical studies that address questions of air quality, educational performance and wellbeing challenge the trend toward providing for natural ventilation. This paper critically examines research literature that suggests that temperature and air quality are, in a large proportion of classrooms, so poor as to have a negative effect on children’s health and educational performance. Evidence in support of mechanical systems that control air quality contradicts a recent increase in natural ventilation, proposed as a means to conserve energy consumption in schools. Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) is generally not stressed, or ...
Educational Programmes For Spatial Information Sciences In The Dublin Institute Of Technology, 2014 Dublin Institute of Technology
Educational Programmes For Spatial Information Sciences In The Dublin Institute Of Technology, William Prendergast, Eamonn Donnelly, Audrey A. Martin, Avril Behan
The ever increasing spatial information needs of society, the rapid development of new surveying technologies, and the global demand for appropriately qualified surveyors, have triggered a radical re-evaluation of geomatics education worldwide. Significant enhancements have been made to the educational programmes in the spatial information science discipline in the Dublin Institute of Technology’s (DIT) during the last decade including the provision of a BSc in Geomatics and various masters’ programmes to cater for the increasingly specialised needs of the Geographic Information sector in Ireland.
Wind-Induced Pressures In Air Permeable, Double-Layer Roof Systems In Regions Of Separated Flow, 2014 The University of Western Ontario
Wind-Induced Pressures In Air Permeable, Double-Layer Roof Systems In Regions Of Separated Flow, Jeong Hee Oh
University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
This thesis is concerned with the wind-induced pressure distribution acting on air permeable, double-layer roof systems placed on low-rise buildings. Because of the pressure transmission into the cavity between layers, the pressure difference in the double-layer systems differs significantly from that in a single layer. The interior pressures (in the cavity between layers) are highly correlated with external pressures at the openings on the external surface of the outer layer and thereby, the net wind load for the design of the outer layer is considerably reduced by the pressure equalization between the external and internal surfaces of the outer layer ...
Mental Visualization Of Three-Dimensional Space: New Tools And Challenges In Building Design Education, 2014 The University of Southern Mississippi
Mental Visualization Of Three-Dimensional Space: New Tools And Challenges In Building Design Education, Breshawn C. Mcneal
As a future building design professional, a student’s ability to mentally “picture” second and third dimensional concepts is important. Learning the fundamentals of mental visualization is tantamount to laying the foundation for a building. Sketching, one of the skills required to bring a building concept to life, helps the student rapidly record their first brilliant thought. Though modern CAD software has the capability to auto-develop a three-dimensional structure, the user constructs a two-dimensional floor plan first, so the program output is based on the user’s initial input. Therefore, the quality of the three-dimensional design is linked to the ...
Information Technology Project Management Of The New College Of Education Facility At Western Kentucky University, 2014 Western Kentucky University
Information Technology Project Management Of The New College Of Education Facility At Western Kentucky University, Christopher Lee Roberts
Masters Theses & Specialist Projects
Information Technology (IT) Project Management methodologies are numerous, often varying from organization to organization, and sometimes from project to project within the same organization. Although project type and scope can be a powerful indicator of what methodologies may work best for a given project, choosing which methodology to use can be daunting for project teams. At times, even after due diligence has been practiced to identify the management options available for a given project, there may not be a perfect fit. At such times, or when a formal methodology does not exist in an organization or project management office, the ...
Climate Considerations For Facades, 2014 University of Massachusetts - Amherst
Climate Considerations For Facades, Ajla Aksamija
Facades are one of the most significant contributors to the energy budget and the comfort parameters of any building, and their designs and performance are essential factors for sustainable, energy-efficient, high-performance buildings. Basic methods for designing high-performance building facades include: orienting and developing geometry and massing of the building to respond to solar position, providing solar shading to control cooling loads and improve thermal comfort, using natural ventilation to reduce cooling loads and enhance air quality, minimizing energy used for artificial lighting and mechanical cooling and heating by optimizing exterior wall insulation and the use of daylighting. This article includes ...
Quantifying The Effect Of Passive Solar Design In Traditional New England Architecture, 2014 University of Massachusetts - Amherst
Quantifying The Effect Of Passive Solar Design In Traditional New England Architecture, Peter M. Levy
Passive solar design can be an effective means of reducing conditioning loads in residential buildings by utilizing free solar heat during the heating season, and blocking unwanted solar heat during the cooling season. The objective of this thesis was to use energy modeling software to simulate the effect that incorporating passive solar design strategies into typical New England style houses would have on their energy usage for heating and cooling. The designs that were studied were Capes, Colonials, and Saltboxes. Four versions of increasing energy efficiency were studied for each style. After measuring baseline energy usage for each model, four ...
Redevelopment Of Urban Village In Shenzhen, 2014 UMASS AMHERST
Redevelopment Of Urban Village In Shenzhen, Hang Zhou
Urban Villages are a specific phenomenon raised in modern China due to the high-speed economic development and urbanization in recent three decades. And there are social, economic, cultural and architectural transformations happened in these villages during these years. They appear on both the outskirts and the downtown segments of major cities, and surrounded by skyscrapers, transportation infrastructures, and other modern urban constructions. They are commonly inhabited by the poor and transient.
Most of Urban Villages are heavily populated, overdeveloped, and lack of basic infrastructure. Some villages' building density is higher than 70%. They are composed of overcrowded multi-story buildings from ...
Revisiting Gordion's Pebble Mosaic Pavement: Evaluating Re-Backing Techniques And Investigating Alkali-Silica Reaction, 2014 University of Pennsylvania
Revisiting Gordion's Pebble Mosaic Pavement: Evaluating Re-Backing Techniques And Investigating Alkali-Silica Reaction, Kevin Adam Wohlgemuth
Theses (Historic Preservation)
The 9th c. B.C.E. Megaron 2 pebble mosaic from Gordion is the oldest known mosaic pavement to date. Discovered in 1956, it was subsequently cut into 33 individual panels, lifted, and stored outdoors for two decades before reinstallation under a sheltered, sub-grade, outdoor exhibit at the Gordion Museum. Recent research into its conservation history and current condition in preparation for re-interpretation and display has revealed the potential for further deterioration through alkali-silica reaction between the siliceous pebbles and the cementitious backing. Moreover, the enigmatic geometric designs are now difficult to read due to the loss of pebbles, misalignment ...
Victorian Splendor: Analysis Of The Late 19Th Century Decorative Ceiling At Ebenezer Maxwell Mansion In Germantown, Pennsylvania, 2014 University of Pennsylvania
Victorian Splendor: Analysis Of The Late 19Th Century Decorative Ceiling At Ebenezer Maxwell Mansion In Germantown, Pennsylvania, Johanna Sztokman
Theses (Historic Preservation)
The decorative ceiling in the Stevenson Bedroom of the Ebenezer Maxwell Mansion in Philadelphia is one of the most outstanding examples of post-Centennial ornamental designs. The exotic, stylized, geometric pattern of the ceiling illustrates ideals set forth during the Centennial International Exhibition, held in Philadelphia in 1876, and emphasizes Victorians’ predisposition to live à la mode. However, as a result of harsh treatment conducted in the 1970’s and ‘80s and damaging environmental conditions, the ceiling design only partially remains today. This thesis considers an approach for interpreting decorative paintings where the original fabric is altered or missing. It argues ...
A Case Study Of Zero Energy Home Built For Solar Decathlon Competition 2013, 2013 University of Nevada, Las Vegas
A Case Study Of Zero Energy Home Built For Solar Decathlon Competition 2013, Sanjib Mulepati
UNLV Theses/Dissertations/Professional Papers/Capstones
Energy consumption in residential homes has been a subject of research related to sustainability. Reduction in the consumption of energy is a goal of sustainable construction. The Department of Energy (DOE) started a Solar Decathlon competition in 2002 in which the students from different universities around the globe build an energy efficient and affordable home suitable for their climate and location. The main goal of this competition is to select the best home that is designed and built in a sustainable way. In this study, the home designed and constructed for participation in the competition by the students at University ...
Compression Testing And Failure Modes Of Steel-Concrete Composite (Sc) Structures For Nuclear Containment, Patrick Michael Wanamaker, Amit H. Varma
The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium
Although being able to provide much cleaner power than burning coal and other fossil fuels, nuclear power plants are still a tough sell to the general public due to their history of being spontaneously dangerous. The containment structures surrounding these nuclear plants, however, can play a huge role in reducing the risks associated with them. Relatively new designs for these containment assemblies, known as SC (steel-concrete composite) structures, aim to increase the strength and durability of the containment facilities while keeping costs down. By varying the spacing between shear studs, the ratio of concrete to steel, and the ratio of ...
Predicting Building Energy Performance: Leveraging Bim Content For Energy Efficient Buildings, 2013 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo
Predicting Building Energy Performance: Leveraging Bim Content For Energy Efficient Buildings, Eddie Villanueva Aquino
Master's Theses and Project Reports
Reducing and managing the environmental impacts of building structures has become a priority of building stakeholders and within the architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) community; although, conflicting approaches and methods to combat the issues are present. For example, green building standards are widespread throughout the world; however each one has its own characteristics and consequently its own specific requirements. While all have proven to be effective rating systems and have similar requirements, the distinguishing characteristic that separates them is their treatment of performance and prescriptive metrics. The feature they all severely lack or currently limit is the inclusion of strict ...
Interactions Between The Urban Environment And “The Homelessness”: Observations And Responses, 2013 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Interactions Between The Urban Environment And “The Homelessness”: Observations And Responses, Jeffrey Charles Stahl
Homelessness and people living on the streets is a phenomenon that is facing every major urban center in the United States. These people are a commonality in the urban landscape and are often seen a problem to be fi xed. Due to the interactions between the urban environment and persons experiencing homelessness, there needs to be a paradigm shift in how policy is written and how we design an intervention for these forgotten people. The goal of this thesis is to gain a clearer understanding to what it is like to survive on the streets: how dose someone fi nd ...
Revitalizing A 19th Century Industrial Complex Into A 21st Century Research And Learning Technology Center, 2013 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Revitalizing A 19th Century Industrial Complex Into A 21st Century Research And Learning Technology Center, James Lawrence Wines
The revitalization and repurposing of the Domino’s Sugar Plant will foster a vibrant and engaged community for the neighborhood in a distinct way differing from the recent history of growth. Williamsburg is located in a north Brooklyn, New York, community that has been struggling for its identity since the 1970’s. The reprogramming of this abandoned industrial site will include the addition of a new technological research center that will contribute to economic growth and stability for the neighborhood. The new jobs will help bring more people into the neighborhood who will be committed to both live and work ...
Parametric Design And Artificial Wetlands’ Adaption In Landscape Design, 2013 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Parametric Design And Artificial Wetlands’ Adaption In Landscape Design, Xi Wang
The philosophy of sustainable development and design has become a widely accepted idea by today’s landscape architects. One of the most recent examples of a sustainable design trend is the application of the constructed wetland in an urban environment. By providing a water purification system for damaged water bodies and potential habitats for wildlife, artificial wetlands are considered as panacea to many cities challenged by water pollution and other ecological crisis. Yet artificial wetlands have obvious disadvantages and further improvements could still be made to them.
This Thesis will introduce basic information about artificial wetlands, their typology, advantages and ...
Working With Paul Rudolph To Make Rudolph Work: Reclaiming, Conserving, And Adapting Sarasota High School (1958), 2013 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Working With Paul Rudolph To Make Rudolph Work: Reclaiming, Conserving, And Adapting Sarasota High School (1958), Katherine Marie Armstrong
Sarasota High School, designed by Paul Rudolph in 1958, physically embodies the central ideas of Regional Modernism that developed in Sarasota, Florida in the 1940s and 50s. Covered breezeways, monumental sunshades, deep overhangs, and sliding glass doors promote natural ventilation and sun shading as ways to deal with Florida’s hot climate. As an example of progressive architecture of the time, it is a seminal work of Rudolph’s and significant to Sarasota’s architectural legacy of climatically responsive, modernist buildings that captured international attention.
Sixty years later, Sarasota High School is now unoccupied and in a state of disrepair ...
Bim Collaboration In Student Architectural Technologist Learning, 2013 Dublin Institute of Technology
Bim Collaboration In Student Architectural Technologist Learning, Malachy Mathews
This paper is the result of a qualitative case study which investigated the influence of building information modelling (BIM) collaboration on the learning of student architectural technologists based around a studio group project. The purpose of the paper is to disseminate knowledge gained into a new learning environment facilitated by the collaborative properties of a BIM application. A qualitative case study approach has been used to undertake the examination of the learners’ experiences during the project. This approach allowed the author to map the complex interaction between the participants during the stages of the collaborative design project. The paper provides ...
Seismic Performance Comparison Of A Fixed-Base Versus A Base-Isolated Office Building, 2013 California Polytechnic State University – San Luis Obispo
Seismic Performance Comparison Of A Fixed-Base Versus A Base-Isolated Office Building, Nicholas Reidar Marrs
Master's Theses and Project Reports
The topic of this thesis is base isolation. The purpose of this thesis is to offer a relative understanding of the seismic performance enhancements that a typical 12-story steel office building can achieve through the implementation of base isolation technology. To reach this understanding, the structures of a fixed-base office building and a base-isolated office building of similar size and layout are designed, their seismic performance is compared, and a cost-benefit analysis is completed. The base isolation system that is utilized is composed of Triple Friction Pendulum (TFP) bearings.
The work of this thesis is divided into four phases. First ...