Climate Considerations For Facades, 2014 University of Massachusetts - Amherst
Climate Considerations For Facades, Ajla Aksamija
Facades are one of the most significant contributors to the energy budget and the comfort parameters of any building, and their designs and performance are essential factors for sustainable, energy-efficient, high-performance buildings. Basic methods for designing high-performance building facades include: orienting and developing geometry and massing of the building to respond to solar position, providing solar shading to control cooling loads and improve thermal comfort, using natural ventilation to reduce cooling loads and enhance air quality, minimizing energy used for artificial lighting and mechanical cooling and heating by optimizing exterior wall insulation and the use of daylighting. This article includes ...
Quantifying The Effect Of Passive Solar Design In Traditional New England Architecture, Peter M. Levy
Passive solar design can be an effective means of reducing conditioning loads in residential buildings by utilizing free solar heat during the heating season, and blocking unwanted solar heat during the cooling season. The objective of this thesis was to use energy modeling software to simulate the effect that incorporating passive solar design strategies into typical New England style houses would have on their energy usage for heating and cooling. The designs that were studied were Capes, Colonials, and Saltboxes. Four versions of increasing energy efficiency were studied for each style. After measuring baseline energy usage for each model, four ...
Redevelopment Of Urban Village In Shenzhen, 2014 SelectedWorks
Redevelopment Of Urban Village In Shenzhen, Hang Zhou
Urban Villages are a specific phenomenon raised in modern China due to the high-speed economic development and urbanization in recent three decades. And there are social, economic, cultural and architectural transformations happened in these villages during these years. They appear on both the outskirts and the downtown segments of major cities, and surrounded by skyscrapers, transportation infrastructures, and other modern urban constructions. They are commonly inhabited by the poor and transient.
Most of Urban Villages are heavily populated, overdeveloped, and lack of basic infrastructure. Some villages' building density is higher than 70%. They are composed of overcrowded multi-story buildings from ...
Compression Testing And Failure Modes Of Steel-Concrete Composite (Sc) Structures For Nuclear Containment, Patrick Michael Wanamaker, Amit H. Varma
The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium
Although being able to provide much cleaner power than burning coal and other fossil fuels, nuclear power plants are still a tough sell to the general public due to their history of being spontaneously dangerous. The containment structures surrounding these nuclear plants, however, can play a huge role in reducing the risks associated with them. Relatively new designs for these containment assemblies, known as SC (steel-concrete composite) structures, aim to increase the strength and durability of the containment facilities while keeping costs down. By varying the spacing between shear studs, the ratio of concrete to steel, and the ratio of ...
Predicting Building Energy Performance: Leveraging Bim Content For Energy Efficient Buildings, 2013 California Polytechnic State University
Predicting Building Energy Performance: Leveraging Bim Content For Energy Efficient Buildings, Eddie Villanueva Aquino
Master's Theses and Project Reports
Reducing and managing the environmental impacts of building structures has become a priority of building stakeholders and within the architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) community; although, conflicting approaches and methods to combat the issues are present. For example, green building standards are widespread throughout the world; however each one has its own characteristics and consequently its own specific requirements. While all have proven to be effective rating systems and have similar requirements, the distinguishing characteristic that separates them is their treatment of performance and prescriptive metrics. The feature they all severely lack or currently limit is the inclusion of strict ...
Working With Paul Rudolph To Make Rudolph Work: Reclaiming, Conserving, And Adapting Sarasota High School (1958), 2013 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Working With Paul Rudolph To Make Rudolph Work: Reclaiming, Conserving, And Adapting Sarasota High School (1958), Katherine Marie Armstrong
Sarasota High School, designed by Paul Rudolph in 1958, physically embodies the central ideas of Regional Modernism that developed in Sarasota, Florida in the 1940s and 50s. Covered breezeways, monumental sunshades, deep overhangs, and sliding glass doors promote natural ventilation and sun shading as ways to deal with Florida’s hot climate. As an example of progressive architecture of the time, it is a seminal work of Rudolph’s and significant to Sarasota’s architectural legacy of climatically responsive, modernist buildings that captured international attention.
Sixty years later, Sarasota High School is now unoccupied and in a state of disrepair ...
Interactions Between The Urban Environment And “The Homelessness”: Observations And Responses, 2013 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Interactions Between The Urban Environment And “The Homelessness”: Observations And Responses, Jeffrey Charles Stahl
Homelessness and people living on the streets is a phenomenon that is facing every major urban center in the United States. These people are a commonality in the urban landscape and are often seen a problem to be fi xed. Due to the interactions between the urban environment and persons experiencing homelessness, there needs to be a paradigm shift in how policy is written and how we design an intervention for these forgotten people. The goal of this thesis is to gain a clearer understanding to what it is like to survive on the streets: how dose someone fi nd ...
Revitalizing A 19th Century Industrial Complex Into A 21st Century Research And Learning Technology Center, 2013 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Revitalizing A 19th Century Industrial Complex Into A 21st Century Research And Learning Technology Center, James Lawrence Wines
The revitalization and repurposing of the Domino’s Sugar Plant will foster a vibrant and engaged community for the neighborhood in a distinct way differing from the recent history of growth. Williamsburg is located in a north Brooklyn, New York, community that has been struggling for its identity since the 1970’s. The reprogramming of this abandoned industrial site will include the addition of a new technological research center that will contribute to economic growth and stability for the neighborhood. The new jobs will help bring more people into the neighborhood who will be committed to both live and work ...
Parametric Design And Artificial Wetlands’ Adaption In Landscape Design, 2013 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Parametric Design And Artificial Wetlands’ Adaption In Landscape Design, Xi Wang
The philosophy of sustainable development and design has become a widely accepted idea by today’s landscape architects. One of the most recent examples of a sustainable design trend is the application of the constructed wetland in an urban environment. By providing a water purification system for damaged water bodies and potential habitats for wildlife, artificial wetlands are considered as panacea to many cities challenged by water pollution and other ecological crisis. Yet artificial wetlands have obvious disadvantages and further improvements could still be made to them.
This Thesis will introduce basic information about artificial wetlands, their typology, advantages and ...
Seismic Performance Comparison Of A Fixed-Base Versus A Base-Isolated Office Building, 2013 California Polytechnic State University
Seismic Performance Comparison Of A Fixed-Base Versus A Base-Isolated Office Building, Nicholas Reidar Marrs
Master's Theses and Project Reports
The topic of this thesis is base isolation. The purpose of this thesis is to offer a relative understanding of the seismic performance enhancements that a typical 12-story steel office building can achieve through the implementation of base isolation technology. To reach this understanding, the structures of a fixed-base office building and a base-isolated office building of similar size and layout are designed, their seismic performance is compared, and a cost-benefit analysis is completed. The base isolation system that is utilized is composed of Triple Friction Pendulum (TFP) bearings.
The work of this thesis is divided into four phases. First ...
Bim Collaboration In Student Architectural Technologist Learning, 2013 Dublin Institute of Technology
Bim Collaboration In Student Architectural Technologist Learning, Malachy Mathews
This paper is the result of a qualitative case study which investigated the influence of building information modelling (BIM) collaboration on the learning of student architectural technologists based around a studio group project. The purpose of the paper is to disseminate knowledge gained into a new learning environment facilitated by the collaborative properties of a BIM application. A qualitative case study approach has been used to undertake the examination of the learners’ experiences during the project. This approach allowed the author to map the complex interaction between the participants during the stages of the collaborative design project. The paper provides ...
The Architect As Developer, 2013 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
The Architect As Developer, Samuel David Funari
The current architectural landscape of strip malls and big box stores is the antitheses of what nearly every practicing architect avails to while in the security of the academy. Upon entering the real world of budgetary constraints and hard deadlines, it seems that most architects are content to simply earn a paycheck rather than produce meaningful work. This destructive method of designing is a result of a supposed lack of choices, and can only be combated when architects have more to lose than their principles. By architects playing the role of both designer and developer, it is possible to see ...
Investigating The Effect Specific Credits Of The Leed Rating System Have On The Energy Performance Of An Existing Building, Richelle Fosu
Department of Computer Graphics Technology Degree Theses
Throughout this thesis the potential financial and energy usage impact an upgrade to green building standards would have on an antiquated building has been analyzed. The extent of the implementation of specific LEED rating system credits that relate directly or indirectly to the energy consumption of a building have been demonstrated, through the means of several simulations using Revit, eQuest, Ecotect and Vasari simulation tools. This thesis also attempted to provide a clear understanding and overview of the plausibility of the suggested upgrades to be made, with regards to financial investment required for such upgrades, by using simple payback calculations ...
Concept Fire Truck, 2013 Montana Tech Library
Concept Fire Truck, Breanna Biegler
2013 Student Research Day Projects
A prototype Concept Fire Truck was designed using Autodesk Inventor 3D Design Software. Various pictures of old-time and toy fire trucks were utilized for this project. The prototype was printed using a 3D printer to verify that all parts of the truck would fit and work as intended.
Ubiquitous Projection: New Interfaces Using Mobile Projectors, 2013 Carnegie Mellon University
Ubiquitous Projection: New Interfaces Using Mobile Projectors, Karl D. D. Willis
The miniaturization of projection technology has enabled a new class of lightweight mobile devices with embedded projectors. Projection engines as small as a postage stamp are currently being embedded in thousands of mobile devices. Mobile projector-based devices differ in very fundamental ways from the display-based devices we commonly use. Mobile projectors can be carried with the user and project imagery into almost any space, projected content is visible to multiple users and supports social interaction, physical objects and surfaces can be augmented with projected content, and embedded projectors can enable new form-factors for mobile displays.
This research investigates the potential ...
Survey Of Suitable Plants For Cal Poly's Green Wall, 2013 California Polytechnic State University
Survey Of Suitable Plants For Cal Poly's Green Wall, Katrina Burritt
Horticulture and Crop Science
Green wall technology is a growing industry in the United States and has been very successful for a several years throughout Europe. The objective of this survey was to study the success of several different species of plants on a vertical wall facing south at Cal Poly’s Horticultural Department Unit. At first the focus was aimed at using California native species, because it was thought that natives would be better acclimated to the exposure in this specific location. It became apparent that plants should not be selected for the wall based just on the fact that they are California ...
Impediments To Integration: The Divergent Intentions And Convergent Expressions Of The Dymaxion House And Demountable Space Structural Designs, Rob Whitehead
Architecture Conference Papers
During an intense and consolidated period of time in the 1940s, the architecture and construction industry underwent a massive paradigm shift. Postwar projects needed to have an elevated concern for creating large quantities of affordable, quality spaces with an inherent level of efficiency and affordability in their designs. Synergistic relationships between modern industrial production and overall construction methodologies were formed, new innovative products and processes that could improve building performance and constructability were invented, and eventually a new focus for the design industry emerged.
Alvar Aalto’S Open Plan Architecture As An Environmental Technology Device, 2012 Iowa State University
Alvar Aalto’S Open Plan Architecture As An Environmental Technology Device, Ulrike Passe
Architecture Conference Papers
One of the most acclaimed architects of the twentieth century Alvar Aalto (1898 – 1976) was also educator and critic of his time. In particular, he voiced strong concerns about emerging technologies and remained a vivid supporter of humane architecture. Thus this research project investigates Aalto’s approach to active and passive environmental control systems and their spatial integration. Using wind analysis and computational fluid dynamic (CFD) studies, this paper analyzes natural ventilation flow paths in two of Aalto’s major works: The Alvar Aalto Viipuri Municipal Library (1935), which accidentally operated for years on stack ventilation, and Alvar Aalto’s ...
Validation Of The Adaptive Reuse Potential (Arp) Model Using Iconcur, 2012 Bond University
Validation Of The Adaptive Reuse Potential (Arp) Model Using Iconcur, Craig Langston
Mirvac School of Sustainable Development
This paper aims to focus on the adaptive reuse of existing buildings that have become obsolete, an important strategy for sustainable development and a pertinent response to excessive resource usage resulting from typical destruction and redevelopment.
2:1 The Paper Tube Project, 2012 Dublin Institute of Technology
2:1 The Paper Tube Project, Noel Brady
Review of applied technological solution to rapid building techniques using paper tube and analogous materials to create space enclosing geodesic systems.