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The Lack Of Fire Safety Knowledge And Implementation The Case Of High-Rise Buildings, Mohamad Abou chakra 2020 Teaching Assistant, Faculty of Architecture-Design & Built Environment, Beirut Arab University, Beirut, Lebanon

The Lack Of Fire Safety Knowledge And Implementation The Case Of High-Rise Buildings, Mohamad Abou Chakra

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

High-rise buildings are growing rapidly in number around the world. They are becoming important landmarks that mark out certain geographical areas. The fires of high-rise building have many characters not found in traditional low-rise buildings, like the variety of blazing factors, ways of fire spreading, and difficulty of evacuation. Hence, the protection features of conventional fire methods are not sufficient in designing towers. The paper, at first, summarizes the characteristics of high-rise buildings and fires, the unique features of Tall Buildings and the special life safety requirements for the high-rise buildings. Consequently, the topic of fire and life safety codes ...


Optimum Tree Distribution For Pedestrian Walkway Of Commercial Street In Tripoli City, Yasmine Khaled Amkieh 2020 PhD Candidate, Faculty of Architecture - Design and Built Environment, Beirut Arab University, Tripoli, Lebanon

Optimum Tree Distribution For Pedestrian Walkway Of Commercial Street In Tripoli City, Yasmine Khaled Amkieh

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

Designing a developed urban city requires sufficient methods to plan its principal parts that include walkways. These walkways are pedestrian connections that contain sidewalks, paths, and highway shoulders. Planning and executing a complete sidewalk require a fulfillment existence of all its parts from the pedestrian walkway, the street furniture, and the frontage zone. The objective of this paper is to increase the surface shadows for the pedestrian walking areas, to attract more people which, increase the economic value of the commercial street. Tripoli city and in particular “Achir El-Dayeh” street is the main case study, as the pedestrian walkway in ...


Odor Pollution Assessment In Residential Urban Spaces In Tripoli City, Yasmine Khaled Amkieh 2020 PhD Candidate, Faculty of Architecture - Design and Built Environment, Beirut Arab University, Tripoli, Lebanon

Odor Pollution Assessment In Residential Urban Spaces In Tripoli City, Yasmine Khaled Amkieh

Architecture and Planning Journal (APJ)

The odor pollution is a real problem that could threat a city and influence negatively the health of people. The odor is formed from invincible substances and several previous researches in both fields of chemical and meteorological specialization have created visualization maps for odor as an intending to locate the odor source, substances, and affected areas. This research aims to benefit from previous studies in the architectural field in providing a visualization for the odor in the city especially in the residential areas. The objective of the research is to create an assessment of the odor sources and affected residential ...


The Irish Construction Industry’S State Of Readiness For A Bim Mandate In 2020, Barry McAuley, Alan V. Hore, Roger P. West 2020 Technological University Dublin

The Irish Construction Industry’S State Of Readiness For A Bim Mandate In 2020, Barry Mcauley, Alan V. Hore, Roger P. West

Conference papers

It was recently announced that a BIM mandate for the Irish public sector is not imminent, suggesting that the sector is not yet ready for what such a mandate implies. Following on from a forward-looking BIM Roadmap for Ireland in 2017 and the publication by the authors of a detailed BIM in Ireland study in 2017 and 2019, what is the actual state of readiness for a more general BIM mandate in Ireland? This paper will review recent publications, seminars and industry initiatives on this topic of interest supported by an online survey to assess the current state of readiness ...


A Comparison Between Ultrasonic Guided Wave Leakage And Half-Cell Potential Methods In Detection Of Corrosion In Reinforced Concrete Structures, Ahmad Shoaib Amiri 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

A Comparison Between Ultrasonic Guided Wave Leakage And Half-Cell Potential Methods In Detection Of Corrosion In Reinforced Concrete Structures, Ahmad Shoaib Amiri

Architectural Engineering -- Dissertations and Student Research

Corrosion of reinforcing steel bars (rebar) in reinforced concrete decks can lead to serious structural issues in bridges. Ultrasonic Testing (UT) methods provide small wavelengths that can be used for early detection of several types of deterioration. The recently-developed Ultrasonic Guided Wave Leakage (UGWL) Method utilizes steel as the waveguide and measures the energy leaked into the surrounding concrete. Previous studies completed at University of Nebraska-Lincoln demonstrated that the measurements of the leaked energy using receivers from the concrete surface can successfully identify early stages of various flaws such as corrosion, delamination, and cracking. In this method, the longitudinal waves ...


Empowering Villages Community Center: Kilimbi, Rwanda, Serena J. Reeves 2020 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Empowering Villages Community Center: Kilimbi, Rwanda, Serena J. Reeves

Architectural Engineering

In collaboration with Journeyman International and Empowering Villages this project includes the structural drawings and calculations for a community center located in a rural part of Kilimbi, Rwanda. The structural systems utilized include conventional wood framing, wood framed trusses, special concrete moment frames, special concrete cantilevered columns, conventional continuous foundations, pad footings and a slab on grade. The goal of this project is to promote a healthy community dynamic by providing spaces for assembly, social programs, skills training, and recreation. It includes classrooms, a library, and outdoor learning areas.


Bim Research In Irish Academic Institutions 2015-19, Barry McAuley, Alan V. Hore, Roger P. West 2020 Technological University Dublin

Bim Research In Irish Academic Institutions 2015-19, Barry Mcauley, Alan V. Hore, Roger P. West

Conference papers

The use of BIM in the Irish construction industry has become pervasive in the last decade and it is an essential element in improving productivity in the market. The developments in BIM education and training in supporting the increase in Ireland’s BIM maturity has been well documented in recent years, principally through the proceedings of the BIM Gatherings and the BIM in Ireland 2017 and 2019 reviews. Similarly, the public and private sectors have been surveyed to establish their readiness for digital transformation on their BIM journey. However, BIM research undertaken by Irish academics, while individually strong, has not ...


Investigation Of Modeling Strategies For Slender Lightly Reinforced Concrete Shear Walls, Jenna Marie Williams, Tracy Destiny Doan 2020 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Investigation Of Modeling Strategies For Slender Lightly Reinforced Concrete Shear Walls, Jenna Marie Williams, Tracy Destiny Doan

Architectural Engineering: Graduate Reports

A large number of pre-1980’s non-ductile reinforced concrete (RC) structures in California utilizing RC shear walls to resist seismic lateral forces have been identified as deficient by industry practitioners. These non-ductile wall systems are typically lightly reinforced and lack adequate boundary element detailing. Analytical studies suggest these walls are susceptible to brittle, compression-controlled failure modes due to damage from concrete crushing and bar buckling. Furthermore, poor behavior of lightly reinforced concrete walls was observed in many recent earthquakes, for example in Chile (1985), New Zealand (2010/2011) and Mexico (2017). This has generated concern among engineers in high seismic ...


Adaptive Airport Architecture, Yash Mehta 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Adaptive Airport Architecture, Yash Mehta

Masters Theses

The architecture of Airport terminals is unique in nature as it is linked with a wide range of concerns that go hand in hand to demonstrate the efficient functioning of the building. From an inconvenient mode of travel to the city center to the congestions in the security screening, concerns varying from urban design to systems engineering have an impact on the user experience. Along with these concerns, the spatial organization of the airport terminals accommodates various commercial, leisure, retail, and service-based spaces in addition to the core function of aviation. Where the guiding parameters for determining the spatial requirements ...


Multimodal Transit And A New Civic Architecture, Samuel Bruce Hill 2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Multimodal Transit And A New Civic Architecture, Samuel Bruce Hill

Masters Theses

We live in an age defined by the automobile and its infrastructure. This paradigm of movement has shaped how we live our lives, and the urban frameworks we inhabit. Cars as a form of transportation damage the environment and engender unsustainable lifestyles. They also create anti-social spaces with the infrastructure they require, and therefore their success is inverse to that of the pedestrian experience.

I seek to adapt this transit paradigm with a more flexible and resilient multimodal system. My work focuses on reinvigorating a rail line in central Massachusetts and designing a modular station system that can serve as ...


Understanding The Impact Of Room Acoustic Conditions On The Kurtosis Levels Of Various Noise Signals, William Spallino 2020 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Understanding The Impact Of Room Acoustic Conditions On The Kurtosis Levels Of Various Noise Signals, William Spallino

Architectural Engineering -- Dissertations and Student Research

Impulsive noise can be common in certain occupational and recreational settings, such as manufacturing plants, construction sites, and firing ranges. While many regulations and guidelines for noise exposure exist, their mathematical basis is stronger for continuous noise, and concerns have been raised about the possibility that impulsive noise may be more harmful to people’s hearing than those metrics would let on. Much work has been done on establishing metrics that accurately assess the severity and hearing risk associated with impulsive noise, but the effects of room acoustic conditions on those metrics have been heretofore understudied.

This study calculated room ...


Implementing Bluebeam Software In Architectural Engineering Design Courses, Michael James Deigert, Anahid A. Behrouzi, Pamalee A. Brady 2020 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Implementing Bluebeam Software In Architectural Engineering Design Courses, Michael James Deigert, Anahid A. Behrouzi, Pamalee A. Brady

Architectural Engineering

A critical aspect of structural engineering education is helping students develop effective electronic graphical communication skills to convey their design solutions. Many undergraduate civil and architectural engineering programs address this at the document creation stage by teaching Autodesk AutoCAD or Revit to create 2-D or 3-D structural design files. However, students tend to have limited exposure to commercial software for document management and markup that allows for coordination between the engineer, architect, and contractor teams. Bluebeam Revu is one such software that has emerged as an industry standard for annotation and markup of engineering design documents.

Previous educational studies on ...


An Iot Framework For Modeling And Controlling Thermal Comfort In Buildings, Fadi Alsaleem, Mehari K. Tesfay, Mostafa Rafaie, Kevin Sinkar, Dhaman Besarla, Parthiban Arunasalam 2020 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

An Iot Framework For Modeling And Controlling Thermal Comfort In Buildings, Fadi Alsaleem, Mehari K. Tesfay, Mostafa Rafaie, Kevin Sinkar, Dhaman Besarla, Parthiban Arunasalam

Architectural Engineering -- Faculty Publications

Humans spend more than 90% of their day in buildings, where their health and productivity are demonstrably linked to thermal comfort. Building thermal comfort systems account for the largest share of U.S energy consumption. Despite this high-energy cost, due to building design complexity and the variety of building occupant needs, addressing thermal comfort in buildings remains a difficult problem. To overcome this challenge, this paper presents an Internet of Things (IoT) approach to efficiently model and control comfort in buildings. In the model phase, a method to access and exploit wearable device data to build a personal thermal comfort ...


Vertical Veins: Digital Commons Reflection, Ryan J. Millward, Nicole L. O'Connor 2020 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Vertical Veins: Digital Commons Reflection, Ryan J. Millward, Nicole L. O'Connor

Architectural Engineering

The SOM High Rise Studio was a collaboration between 3rd year Architecture students and primarily 4th year Architectural Engineering students. The studio consisted of 20 weeks, with consistent check points marked by SOM partner reviews. The overall aim of the collaboratory nature of the studio was to expose each discipline to the decision-making process of the other to better facilitate understanding of the overall system and narrative of the high-rise tower.

Each quarter had a distinct goal that was the focus of submittals and reviews. Winter Quarter was primarily focused on the form finding aspect of our design ...


"Knotted Tubes" High Rise Residential Tower, Roman Lara IV 2020 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

"Knotted Tubes" High Rise Residential Tower, Roman Lara Iv

Architectural Engineering

Knotted Tubes is an 800' residential tower designed by a team of two third year architecture students and one graduate architectural engineering student in the two-quarter high-rise design studio partnered with Skidmore, Owings, & Merrill LLP. The report documents it's design origins and narrative evolution throughout the studio's duration, as well as the design process and final iteration of the whole system, focusing on the structural system and tectonic integration.


The Aloe: High Rise Schematic Design And Analysis, Tony Duc Nguyen, Lilliann Lan Lai 2020 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

The Aloe: High Rise Schematic Design And Analysis, Tony Duc Nguyen, Lilliann Lan Lai

Architectural Engineering

The authors of this document are architectural engineering (ARCE) undergraduate students from California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo (Cal Poly). They joined the 2020 Skyscraper Collaboratory as part of the ARCE course 415: Interdisciplinary Capstone Project. This course emphasizes the analysis and evaluation of interdisciplinary challenges associated with integrating the design and construction processes to deliver a project with respect to the design, quality, and performance expectations for a client or presented criteria. The course was taught in collaboration with industry partners and associates from the global architectural, urban planning, and engineering firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM). Instruction took ...


A Case Study On How Insulated Concrete Forms Can Prevent Structure Loss During Wildfires, Charles Myron Ackley 2020 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

A Case Study On How Insulated Concrete Forms Can Prevent Structure Loss During Wildfires, Charles Myron Ackley

Construction Management

ICFs are a building material with unique thermal insulating and non-combustible properties that have shown great potential at protecting a structure during a wildfire. To prove the hypothesis that ICFs can effectively prevent structure damage or loss during a wildfire, an analytical case study on an ICF home that survived the Camp Fire was conducted. The goal was to understand how ICFs unique thermal insulating and non-combustible properties protect structures from wildfires and how this assembly system can be a lot more effective than a traditional frame structure. Additional objectives for the project included highlighting the growing threat of wildfires ...


Dynamic Analysis And Seismic Retrofit Of The Point Sur Lighthouse, Nicholas M. Dekker 2020 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Dynamic Analysis And Seismic Retrofit Of The Point Sur Lighthouse, Nicholas M. Dekker

Master's Theses

The Point Sur Lighthouse is an unreinforced stone masonry building completed in 1889 on the central coast of California. The lighthouse is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is still an active aid to navigation. The original first-order Fresnel lens was removed from the lantern room and placed in safekeeping due to its high risk of damage in the event of a strong earthquake. The lens has been approved to return to its original setting but the seismic performance of the building must first be assessed in order to ensure the safety of the lens and lighthouse ...


Folded! High-Rise, Alejandra Bravo, Riley Joseph Denis 2020 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Folded! High-Rise, Alejandra Bravo, Riley Joseph Denis

Architectural Engineering

The authors of this report are undergraduate Architectural Engineering students at California Polytechnic State University in San Luis Obispo. This report documents their experience in an interdisciplinary studio of high‐rise building design and the process by which they produced a schematic design of a high‐rise residential building in San Francisco. It will address the organization of the studio, the development of concept as well as form and structure, the studies and structural analyses, as well as the review process and the competitions the final proposals were entered in, and include some final takeaways from each Architectural Engineering group ...


Dodecahedron Housing Tower - Collaborative High Rise Design, Michael Ayers 2020 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Dodecahedron Housing Tower - Collaborative High Rise Design, Michael Ayers

Architectural Engineering

This Senior Project includes the integrated architectural and structural design of a 744'-0" tall housing tower located at the corner of Market St.& Van Ness Ave. in San Francisco, CA. The concept of this tower revolves around the tessellation of dodecahedron modules that provide the template for all structure and architectural elements within the building. The 20-week long course focused on the full development of this high rise building including its urban context, performative envelope, global structural performance as a tall building, foundation systems, and integration with architecture.


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