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The Kcmo Stream Setback Ordinance: Science, Public Involvement, And Water Quality Protection, Laurie Lynn Brown 2010 Iowa State University

The Kcmo Stream Setback Ordinance: Science, Public Involvement, And Water Quality Protection, Laurie Lynn Brown

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This case study evaluates the suitability of the Kansas City, Missouri Stream Setback Ordinance as a model ordinance that illustrates the integration of science and public involvement in an effort to achieve water quality protection. Nationally, there is a vast knowledge base on appropriate riparian buffer widths that can provide the scientific foundation many communities are looking for to legally and politically defend a riparian buffer program. Many communities are recognizing the economic value of protecting water resources for the benefit of public infrastructure, health, and community quality of life. The City of Kansas City ordinance meets multiple community objectives ...


Bridging The Gap Between Planning And Architecture: A Closer Look At Design Collaboration, Kelsey Jo Klein 2010 Iowa State University

Bridging The Gap Between Planning And Architecture: A Closer Look At Design Collaboration, Kelsey Jo Klein

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The two fields of Community Planning and Architecture have separately been dealing with the dilemma of suitable housing for many years; each have implemented projects and policies designed to improve conditions, some succeeded but for the most part, most failed. In today's world, integration is the key to moving forward; disciplines need to work together, instead of separately, to solve our housing problems. After many failed housing projects and policies, we have learned that the problems can not be solved by one person, or even one entity. It is for these reasons; I believe the two professions of Planning ...


Black Political Power And Its Impact On Federal Housing Subsidy Program 235 (I) In Charlotte, North Carolina, Terry Leon Bellamy 2010 Iowa State University

Black Political Power And Its Impact On Federal Housing Subsidy Program 235 (I) In Charlotte, North Carolina, Terry Leon Bellamy

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This paper presents an analysis of the Federal Housing Act program 235(i) and the convergence of the growing Black political power in Charlotte, North Carolina in the 1980's. The project analyzes the housing market in Charlotte, placing significant emphasis on the levels of Black home ownership, and addresses the racial and political climate that shaped how FHA 235(i) was utilized in the city. The paper provides planning and policy recommendations in the context of addressing racial and class issues that must be rectified to permit substantive change. The research also explained how the Black middle class was ...


From Local To Regional: Evolution Of Three Multi-Use Trails In Northeast Iowa, Nicholas E. Meyer 2010 Iowa State University

From Local To Regional: Evolution Of Three Multi-Use Trails In Northeast Iowa, Nicholas E. Meyer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Multi-use trail development in the United States has increased significantly in recent decades. In many communities, trails are recognized as a valuable component of recreation, quality of life amenity, and source of economic development. Trails usually originate as local grassroots projects designed for specific community purposes. In Northeast Iowa, three local projects are evolving into a regional trail system whereas others remain as community resources. The central question in this study is why and how did these local trail projects evolve to become regional destination trails? Case descriptions provide a chronological history of each trail's development. Themes in trail ...


Assessing The Community Food Environment: Examining The Impact Of Retail Food Availability And Accessibility Along Travel Routes For Office Workers In Polk County, Iowa, Joyce Gathoni Mbugua 2010 Iowa State University

Assessing The Community Food Environment: Examining The Impact Of Retail Food Availability And Accessibility Along Travel Routes For Office Workers In Polk County, Iowa, Joyce Gathoni Mbugua

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research investigates spatial access to the food environment along work travel routes for a sample of office workers in Polk County, IA. It also evaluates Facilitated Volunteered Geographic Information (f-VGI) methodology as a tool for enhancing public participation, and for collecting user-generated spatial data on the food environment, especially along travel routes. Results of pilot testing of the f-VGI methodology demonstrate the importance of accurate and reliable measurement tools and techniques in food environment studies. It also underscores the value of participatory methodologies in accessing data to enable inclusionary decision-making in community planning and design.


Spatial Transformations In Mercedes (Uruguay): Representation Of Industrial Agriculture Growth And Informal Settlements., Maria Silvina Lopez Barrera 2010 Iowa State University

Spatial Transformations In Mercedes (Uruguay): Representation Of Industrial Agriculture Growth And Informal Settlements., Maria Silvina Lopez Barrera

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Using Lefebvre's theory of space, this study describes the interaction between landscape transformations and the increasing financial investments from agriculture industries in Mercedes, Uruguay. I gathered secondary data and produced analytical maps to understand the recent changes produced in the urban- rural space of Mercedes. I also had informal conversations with local and national government staff about plans and policies. The interaction between plans, policies, and foreign investments related to industrial agriculture and social mobility has created new orders and spaces in the city. The most vulnerable sectors of the society have not benefited from these new orders in ...


Investigating Community Impacts Of A University Outreach Program Through The Lens Of Service-Learning And Community Engagement, Mary Susan Erickson 2010 Iowa State University

Investigating Community Impacts Of A University Outreach Program Through The Lens Of Service-Learning And Community Engagement, Mary Susan Erickson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Higher education has been encouraged to become more engaged with its constituent communities in recent years. This encouragement has come from many sources--state legislatures, the Kellogg Commission on the Future of State and Land-grant Universities, and through the establishment of designations such as the Carnegie Community Engagement Classification. As a result, service-learning and community engagement activities have grown over the last two decades and recommendations for best practices have emerged. However, very little study has focused on the communities being engaged in these efforts. Do they receive benefits from student involvement and if so, how can those benefits be defined ...


Quantifying The Effectiveness Of Pair-Wise Interactions Among Safety Program Elements Through A Cross-Impact Analysis, Matthew Calhoun 2010 University of Colorado, Boulder

Quantifying The Effectiveness Of Pair-Wise Interactions Among Safety Program Elements Through A Cross-Impact Analysis, Matthew Calhoun

Civil Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The current construction safety and health management strategy is informal and safety program elements are selected without consistency across the industry. This is especially true for small construction companies who typically operate with a limited safety and health management budget. To guide these small construction firms, this study develops a tool to maximize the effectiveness of their current safety program. This study uses the Delphi method to gain consensus among thirteen experts in the field of construction safety and health. The experts quantify the interrelationships of the following highly-effective safety program elements: emergency response planning; first aid facilities; frequent safety ...


Analysis Of Energyplus For Use In Residential Building Energy Optimization, Justin Sidney Spencer 2010 University of Colorado at Boulder

Analysis Of Energyplus For Use In Residential Building Energy Optimization, Justin Sidney Spencer

Civil Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This work explored the utility of EnergyPlus as a simulation engine for doing residential building energy optimization, with the objective of finding the modeling areas that require further development in EnergyPlus for residential optimization applications. This work was conducted primarily during 2006-2007, with publication occurring later in 2010. The assessments and recommendations apply to the simulation tool versions available in 2007.

During this work, an EnergyPlus v2.0 (2007) input file generator was developed for use in BEopt 0.8.0.4 (2007). BEopt 0.8.0.4 is a residential Building Energy optimization program developed at the National Renewable ...


Innovation Oakland: Direction, Information, Destination, Donald K. Carter, Elise Gatti, Christine Brill 2010 Carnegie Mellon University

Innovation Oakland: Direction, Information, Destination, Donald K. Carter, Elise Gatti, Christine Brill

School of Architecture

Innovation Oakland

In 2009, the Remaking Cities Institute developed a community-wide wayfinding infrastructure initiative that celebrates the Oakland community as an international center of new technology and research innovation. Oakland, the educational and medical heart of Pittsburgh, is the third largest business district in Pennsylvania after downtown Philadelphia and downtown Pittsburgh. Innovation Oakland combines technology, design, sustainable practices, and multi-layered community planning in a comprehensive wayfinding system. It highlights Oakland's unique assets while providing critical information such as real time public transportation schedules, parking availability and locations, ZipCar locations and availability, bike rack locations, community events, hospital facilities, museum ...


Soft Tools For Sustainable Design, Ramesh Krishnamurti, Tajin Biswas, Tsung-Hsien Wang 2010 Carnegie Mellon University

Soft Tools For Sustainable Design, Ramesh Krishnamurti, Tajin Biswas, Tsung-Hsien Wang

School of Architecture

The transformation from the traditional to a sustainable building design process is no longer a question of whether to build green but rather how (Kibert 2005). ‘Sustainability’ in the building sector is codified by standards, which manifest themselves in the form of a ‘sustainable’ or ’green’ building rating system. These systems offer guidelines and means for comparing and benchmarking the performance of buildings with respect to ‘green-ness’ (Fowler 2007). However, the nature of rating systems for sustainable buildings is such that the standards themselves are a moving target (Williams 2007). In addition to such rating systems, there are other tools ...


Medieval Synagogues In The Mediterranean Region, Samuel D. Gruber 2010 Syracuse University

Medieval Synagogues In The Mediterranean Region, Samuel D. Gruber

Religion

Throughout the Middle Ages, the synagogue developed as the central identifying institution and physical building for Jews, replacing the still yearned for but increasingly distant Jerusalem Temple as the focus of Jewish identity. Equally important, the synagogue became the symbol par excellance of the Jews and their community for the Christian (or Muslim) majority populations in the countries where Jews were settled. For Christians, the synagogue was a Jewish church, but much more so, it came to symbolize in opposition all that the church represented.

Though relatively little known today, medieval synagogues were not symbolic abstractions to the men and ...


Kalona Elementary School Kalona, Iowa I-Walk Report 2010, Catherine J. Lillehoj, Tami Larson, Christopher J. Seeger, Alan Jensen, Mary Huddleston 2010 Iowa Department of Public Health

Kalona Elementary School Kalona, Iowa I-Walk Report 2010, Catherine J. Lillehoj, Tami Larson, Christopher J. Seeger, Alan Jensen, Mary Huddleston

I-WALK Reports

In the past three decades, the number of obese and overweight individuals in Iowa and across the nation has skyrocketed. With obesity comes the greater risk of health complications and life expectancy reduction. As a result, the current generation of youth face a new and growing threat to the overall quality of life. In Iowa alone, 37.1% of 3rd grade students identify as either overweight or obese.


Lincoln Elementary School Fort Madison, Iowa I-Walk Report 2010, Catherine J. Lillehoj, Tami Larson, Christopher J. Seeger, Alan Jensen, Mary Huddleston 2010 Iowa Department of Public Health

Lincoln Elementary School Fort Madison, Iowa I-Walk Report 2010, Catherine J. Lillehoj, Tami Larson, Christopher J. Seeger, Alan Jensen, Mary Huddleston

I-WALK Reports

In the past three decades, the number of obese and overweight individuals in Iowa and across the nation has skyrocketed. With obesity comes the greater risk of health complications and life expectancy reduction. As a result, the current generation of youth face a new and growing threat to their overall quality of life. In Iowa alone, 37.1% of 3rd grade students identify as either overweight or obese.


Neighborhood Satisfaction, Physical And Perceived Naturalness And Openness, Bumseok Chun 2009 Texas Southern University

Neighborhood Satisfaction, Physical And Perceived Naturalness And Openness, Bumseok Chun

Bumseok Chun

No abstract provided.


The Highway And The American City, Ted Shelton 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Highway And The American City, Ted Shelton

Ted Shelton, FAIA

This book contains papers presented at The Sustainable City 2010 conference, which was the sixth edition of the International Conference on Urban Regeneration and Sustainability. That event followed the very successful meetings held previously in Rio (2000), Segovia (2002), Siena (2004), Tallinn (2006) and Skiathos (2008) and proved one more time the necessity of this scientific forum to discuss the challenging situations that the urban areas are confronting nowadays.Innovative tools are required for understanding the high complexity of contemporary cities. It is urgent to promote a more scientific approach to urban studies, inspired by Prigogine’s dissipative structures, and ...


Book Review, Aloisio Antinori, La Magnificenza E L’Utile: Progetto Urbano E Monarchia Papale Nella Roma Del Seicento (Gangemi, 2008), Dorothy Habel 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Book Review, Aloisio Antinori, La Magnificenza E L’Utile: Progetto Urbano E Monarchia Papale Nella Roma Del Seicento (Gangemi, 2008), Dorothy Habel

Dorothy Metzger Habel

No abstract provided.


Writing Restoration In Rome: Inscriptions, Statues, And The Late Antique Preservation Of Buildings, Gregor Kalas 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Writing Restoration In Rome: Inscriptions, Statues, And The Late Antique Preservation Of Buildings, Gregor Kalas

Gregor A. Kalas

Cities, Texts and Social Networks examines the experiences of urban life from late antiquity through the close of the fifteenth century, in regions ranging from late Imperial Rome to Muslim Syria, Iraq and al-Andalus, England, the territories of medieval Francia, Flanders, the Low Countries, Italy and Germany. Together, the volume's contributors move beyond attempts to define 'the city' in purely legal, economic or religious terms. Instead, they focus on modes of organisation, representation and identity formation that shaped the ways urban spaces were called into being, used and perceived. Their interdisciplinary analyses place narrative and archival sources in communication ...


Visualizing Statues In The Late Antique Roman Forum—, Gregor Kalas, Diane Favro, Christopher Johanson 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Visualizing Statues In The Late Antique Roman Forum—, Gregor Kalas, Diane Favro, Christopher Johanson

Gregor A. Kalas

During the fourth and fifth centuries CE, statues populating the open areas of the Roman Forum preserved memories of the individuals represented in portraits. This visualization project contextualizes the now-dispersed statues and their inscribed bases in the public space of the late antique Forum. By following consecutively through the "Statues and Memory," "Ritual Experience," and "Spatial Context" links above, one can navigate through the spaces in which the statues once appeared. The statues are explained through their inscribed statue bases in the "Inscription Database" section and tied to display locations under the "Mapping Statues" heading.


Planning Urban Sidewalks: Infrastructure, Daily Life, And Destinations, Renia Ehrenfeucht, Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris 2009 University of New Orleans

Planning Urban Sidewalks: Infrastructure, Daily Life, And Destinations, Renia Ehrenfeucht, Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris

Renia Ehrenfeucht

Sidewalks have become important to diverse planning concerns that range from walking for health and transportation to economic development, recreation and environment improvement. Given their multiple roles in rapidly changing cities, this paper asks ’how should we plan sidewalks?’ We contend that planners can create better cities for more people by reconsidering three facets of sidewalk planning: sidewalks as infrastructure, sidewalks as spaces of everyday life, and sidewalks as leisure destinations. The objective is to build quality infrastructure and more adaptable spaces throughout the city


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