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Designing For Future Buildings: Adaptive Resuse As A Strategy For Carbon Neutral Cities, Sheila Conejos, Craig Langston, Jim Smith 2012 Bond University

Designing For Future Buildings: Adaptive Resuse As A Strategy For Carbon Neutral Cities, Sheila Conejos, Craig Langston, Jim Smith

Mirvac School of Sustainable Development

Adapting existing buildings is a viable alternative to demolition and replacement in order to mitigate climate change and global warming. Australian cities with inherent cultural heritage fabric, like Melbourne and Sydney, are actively promoting building adaptive reuse as a strategy that supports their programme for developing carbon-neutral cities. Thus, designing for future buildings with embedded adaptive reuse potential is a useful criterion for sustainability. Building adaptive reuse entails less energy and waste, protects the buildings’ heritage values- its socio-cultural and historic meanings; while giving them a new lease of life. This paper looks into urban conservation-- an interdisciplinary field that ...


Assessing Occupant Comfort In An Iconic Sustainable Education Building, Rick Best, Brian Purdey 2012 Bond University

Assessing Occupant Comfort In An Iconic Sustainable Education Building, Rick Best, Brian Purdey

Mirvac School of Sustainable Development

The building that houses the Mirvac School of Sustainable Development at Bond University is the first educational building to achieve a six Green Star rating from the Green Building Council of Australia. It has won numerous awards since opening in August 2008 including being judged the RICS (Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors) Sustainable Building of 2009. After more than two years in use a post-occupancy evaluation study was carried out to assess the performance of the building from the viewpoint of the users; both resident staff and transient students. Results for factors such as lighting, thermal comfort, noise and air ...


International Comparisons Of Cost And Productivity In Construction: A Bad Example, Rick Best 2012 Bond University

International Comparisons Of Cost And Productivity In Construction: A Bad Example, Rick Best

Mirvac School of Sustainable Development

In a report published in June 2012 the Business Council of Australia (BCA) reported that it costs considerably more to build a variety of types of infrastructure in Australia than it does in the US. Airports (90 per cent more costly) and hospitals (62 per cent) were quoted as the worst cases with other projects ranging from 26 to 43 per cent more. They used these figures to conclude that Australia is a high cost, low productivity environment for building infrastructure projects. These claims were based on cost/m2 figures published by a major international construction consultancy. The method used ...


Visual Preferences For Wind Turbines: Location, Numbers And Respondent Characteristics, Kristina Molnarova, Petr Sklenicka, Jiri Stiborek, Kamila Svobodova, Miroslav Salek, Elizabeth Brabec 2012 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Visual Preferences For Wind Turbines: Location, Numbers And Respondent Characteristics, Kristina Molnarova, Petr Sklenicka, Jiri Stiborek, Kamila Svobodova, Miroslav Salek, Elizabeth Brabec

Elizabeth Brabec

There is a dichotomy in the view of wind farms among members of the public: on one hand, there is a desire for renewable energy sources, and on the other hand, there is a major concern about the visual impact of wind turbines used for power production. This concern for visual impact is a major factor in the reaction of the public to the development of new wind farms. Our study aims to objectify this influence and to establish the factors that determine how people evaluate these structures. We tested the visual quality of landscapes in which these structures are ...


The University And Local Economic Development, John Mullin, Zeenat Kotval-K, Jonathan Cooper 2012 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

The University And Local Economic Development, John Mullin, Zeenat Kotval-K, Jonathan Cooper

John R. Mullin

Increasing pressures on universities and educational institutions to be more involved in the communities that house them have led to a wave of interactions that have been both creative and mutually supportive. These ‘town-gown’ relations have stemmed not only from pressures by government leaders, but also from the sense of civic responsibility and the drive for ‘service learning’ where students move beyond the academic walls to engage in real life situations as part of the learning process. The resultant merits are invaluable lessons and experiences that are mutually beneficial to the students and the communities. Similarly, the involvement of community ...


An Adaptive Utility Interactive Photovoltaic System Based On A Flexible Switch Matrix To Optimize Performance In Real-Time, Mahmoud Alahmad, Mohamed Amer Chaaban, Siu Kit Lau, Jonathan Shi, Jill Neal 2012 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

An Adaptive Utility Interactive Photovoltaic System Based On A Flexible Switch Matrix To Optimize Performance In Real-Time, Mahmoud Alahmad, Mohamed Amer Chaaban, Siu Kit Lau, Jonathan Shi, Jill Neal

Architectural Engineering -- Faculty Publications

Reconfigurable architectures are of great interest to system designers to improve the system’s operation and efficiency. In this paper, we propose an adaptive utility interactive photovoltaic (PV) system based on a novel Flexible Switch array Matrix topology. This proposed system maximizes the generated power in real-time in response to operational conditions such as shading, soiling, mismatches, and module failure among others. The proposed system is a compromise in the utilization of power conditioning equipment to maximize energy capture and system efficiency. Simulation results demonstrate an average 13% improvement in efficiency when compared with the central inverter topology performance. A ...


Application Of Drum-Buffer-Rope Methodology In Scheduling Of Healthcare System, Arefeh Mohammadi, Emmanuel S. Eneyo 2012 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Application Of Drum-Buffer-Rope Methodology In Scheduling Of Healthcare System, Arefeh Mohammadi, Emmanuel S. Eneyo

Architectural Engineering -- Faculty Publications

Theory of constraints (TOC) is a management philosophy that seeks to increase throughput (efficiency or performance) of the system by identifying those processes that are constraining the system bottlenecks. There have been very few profound studies of TOC in health care systems. In order to fill this gap, this study was conducted to determine how healthcare systems are utilizing components of TOC to schedule operations and what results are being obtained. This is done by using a patient flow model for a radiotherapy section of a hospital. The drum-buffer-rope (DBR) was used as the methodology for scheduling this flow. Successful ...


A Directionally Tunable But Frequency-Invariant Beamformer On An Acoustic Velocity-Sensor Triad To Enhance Speech Perception, Yue Ivan Wu, Kainam Thomas Wong, Xin Yuan, Siu-kit Lau, Shiu-keung Tang 2012 Nanyang Technological University

A Directionally Tunable But Frequency-Invariant Beamformer On An Acoustic Velocity-Sensor Triad To Enhance Speech Perception, Yue Ivan Wu, Kainam Thomas Wong, Xin Yuan, Siu-Kit Lau, Shiu-Keung Tang

Architectural Engineering -- Faculty Publications

Herein investigated are computationally simple microphone-array beamformers that are independent of the frequency-spectra of all signals, all interference, and all noises. These beamformers allow the listener to tune the desired azimuth-elevation “look direction.” No prior information is needed of the interference. These beamformers deploy a physically compact triad of three collocated but orthogonally oriented velocity sensors. These proposed schemes’ efficacy is verified by a jury test, using simulated data constructed with Mandarin Chinese (a.k.a. Putonghua) speech samples. For example, a desired speech signal, originally at a very adverse signal-to-interference-and-noise power ratio (SINR) of -30 dB, may be processed ...


Creation Of A Gis Based Model For Determining The Suitability Of Implementing Green Infrastructure: In The Town Of Berlin Maryland, Ronald A & W Marney 2012 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Creation Of A Gis Based Model For Determining The Suitability Of Implementing Green Infrastructure: In The Town Of Berlin Maryland, Ronald A & W Marney

Community and Regional Planning Program: Student Projects and Theses

This project is entitled “Incorporation of Green Infrastructure Into Comprehensive Storm Water Management and the Effective Utilization of LiDAR: In the Town of Berlin ”. The goal of this research was the creation of a Geographic Information System (GIS) based model for determining the suitability / feasibility of green infrastructure implementation, as defined by this study, within the study area. This model was only applicable for the identified elements or tools under green infrastructure as defined by this study. This enabled clear and concise definitions and more readily identified the criteria and their parameters. The scope of the model’s applicability is ...


Stress And The Contextual Proximity Of Residential Factors, Rodrigo Cantarero, James Potter 2012 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Stress And The Contextual Proximity Of Residential Factors, Rodrigo Cantarero, James Potter

Architecture Program: Faculty Scholarly and Creative Activity

Research is mounting showing the link between the built environment, well-being and health. We explored three factors: crowding, housing satisfaction, and neighborhood satisfaction to determine their correlation with housing stress, and in turn correlation with overall level of stress. A Simple Random Sample (SRS) of blocks was generated and a total of 180 residents were sampled. Correlation and regression models were used in the data analysis. Although a direct relationship between the residential environment and the overall level of stress was not found, we did find an indirect connection via stress from the struggle for a better house.


The Multi-Dimensional Nature Of Predicting Quality Of Life, James Potter, Rodrigo Cantarero, Heather Wood 2012 Taylor’s University

The Multi-Dimensional Nature Of Predicting Quality Of Life, James Potter, Rodrigo Cantarero, Heather Wood

Architecture Program: Faculty Scholarly and Creative Activity

The array of attributes theorized to impact quality of life (QOL) has sparked research across many fields of study. This multidisciplinary effort has identified influential dimensions such as satisfaction with residence, neighbourhood, economiy, social, and community issues. This study expands upon previous research, creating indices to represent dimensions shown to influence QOL, and then using regression analysis identifies the dimensions most likely to increase perceived QOL. The data indicates the combination of community support and residential satisfaction provides the best model for predicting QOL. This research helps confirm the importance of utilizing a multidimensional approach in the study of QOL.


The Little Paint Site: A Classic Toyah Camp On The South Llano River, Kimble County, Texas, Stephen M. Carpenter, Kevin A. Miller, Charles D. Frederick, Leslie G. Cecil, Mercedes C. Cody, Abby Peyton 2012 Stephen F. Austin State University

The Little Paint Site: A Classic Toyah Camp On The South Llano River, Kimble County, Texas, Stephen M. Carpenter, Kevin A. Miller, Charles D. Frederick, Leslie G. Cecil, Mercedes C. Cody, Abby Peyton

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

On behalf of the Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT), SWCA Environmental Consultants (SWCA) conducted testing and data recovery investigations at the Little Paint site (41KM226), a prehistoric multi-component site in the US 377 right-of-way along the South Llano River in Kimble County, Texas. While the site revealed Archaic and Late Prehistoric components, the earlier components were stratigraphically intermixed. Consequently, data recovery focused almost entirely on a discrete Toyah component, which, based on earlier test excavations conducted in August and September 2006, had previously been determined to be eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places and as a ...


Salve Regina University Tree Inventory And Management Plan 2012, Bartlett Tree Experts 2012 Salve Regina University

Salve Regina University Tree Inventory And Management Plan 2012, Bartlett Tree Experts

Archives Books

The Bartlett Inventory Solutions Team from Bartlett Tree Experts conducted an inventory of trees on the campus of Salve Regina University in May 2012. The inventory included: identifying trees and attaching to each tree a tag with an assigned tag number; identifying the trees' condition, health, and vigor; recommending risk evaluations and removals of appropriate trees; recommending pruning, soil management, and pest management treatments to promote tree safety; health, appearance, and longevity; and mapping the trees using GPSr hardware and Geographic Information System (GIS) software.

This digital copy of the plan is redacted. Information about the estimated values of individual ...


Kamppi Chapel, K2S Architects Ltd 2012 Washington University in St. Louis

Kamppi Chapel, K2s Architects Ltd

Building Case Studies

Thinlly cut wood pieces are wrapped horizontally around a cnc-cut gluelam frame, providing visual striations as well as the vertical changes in the oval form.


Zamora Offices, Alberto Campo Baeza 2012 Washington University in St. Louis

Zamora Offices, Alberto Campo Baeza

Building Case Studies

The double facade works like a trombe wall. It holds in heat in the winter (GREENHOUSE effect) and at the same time expel the heat and protect the building in the summer (VENTILATED facade)


Alesia Museum, Bernard Tschumi 2012 Washington University in St. Louis

Alesia Museum, Bernard Tschumi

Building Case Studies

The slatted wooden second skin was created to pay tribute the wooden structures the Romans built during the battle’s era. The wooden skin also acts as a brise-soleil, filtering light as it enters the glass volume and casting patterned shadows throughout the visitor center.


Olympic Shooting Venue, Magma Architecture 2012 Washington University in St. Louis

Olympic Shooting Venue, Magma Architecture

Building Case Studies

The material allows for some light to permeate through, allowing for a solid skin. It is also an easy matieral to reassmble, with no composite or adhesive materials used in the project.


Brooklyn Botanic Garden Visitor Center, Weiss/Manfredi 2012 Washington University in St. Louis

Brooklyn Botanic Garden Visitor Center, Weiss/Manfredi

Building Case Studies

Material of interest: Green roof.

Material used: Architectural cast-in-place concrete; curtain wall of custom-fritted insulated glass and aluminum; canopy of custom-fritted laminated glass and stainless steel, architectural exposed structural steel, custom copper roof, green roof, wood paneling milled from ginkgo trees harvested on-site; specialty acoustic ceiling and wall panels

Properties of material: The green roof will change throughout the year, literally transforming the nature of the architecture each season.


The Plant Building: Gender, Urban Reform, And Skyscraper Design In New London, Ct, Allison Cahoon 2012 Connecticut College

The Plant Building: Gender, Urban Reform, And Skyscraper Design In New London, Ct, Allison Cahoon

Architectural Studies Honors Papers

The City Beautiful and the City Practical movement –a contemporaneous alternative—were architectural and urban planning initiatives that began in the last third of the 19th century as a response to unprecedented urban growth. More specifically, these two movements were conceived as solutions to the “problem” of women on the street as new urban conditions came in conflict with gender ideals as defined by the Victorian separate spheres of masculinity and femininity. Most often, studies about turn of the century urban planning, as it included the Victorian city, the City Beautiful movement, and the City Practical movement, focus on ...


Advancing The Human Right To Housing In Post-Katrina New Orleans: Discursive Opportunity Structures In Housing And Community Development, Leigh Graham 2012 CUNY Graduate Center

Advancing The Human Right To Housing In Post-Katrina New Orleans: Discursive Opportunity Structures In Housing And Community Development, Leigh Graham

Publications and Research

In post-Katrina New Orleans, housing and community development (HCD) advocates clashed over the future of public housing. This case study examines the evolution of and limits to a human right to housing frame introduced by one nongovernmental organization (NGO). Ferree’s concept of the discursive opportunity structure and Bourdieu’s social field ground this NGO’s failure to advance a radical economic human rights frame, given its choice of a political inside strategy that opened up for HCD NGOs after Hurricane Katrina. Strategic and ideological differences within the field limited the efficacy of this rights-based frame, which was seen as ...


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