Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Architectural Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

880 Full-Text Articles 1,025 Authors 525,809 Downloads 62 Institutions

All Articles in Architectural Engineering

Faceted Search

880 full-text articles. Page 34 of 34.

University Of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries Master Plan, Shirley Dugdale, Gerald Jay Schafer, Bryan Harvey, James Cahill, Ludmilla Pavlova-Gillham, Leslie Horner Button, Theresa Warner, Pam Rooney, John Cunningham 2010 Dugdale Strategy LLC

University Of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries Master Plan, Shirley Dugdale, Gerald Jay Schafer, Bryan Harvey, James Cahill, Ludmilla Pavlova-Gillham, Leslie Horner Button, Theresa Warner, Pam Rooney, John Cunningham

Campus Planning Reports and Plans

Amherst Libraries, which is on the edge of significant change moving into a new era serving scholars, researchers and learners in the 21st Century. Over the last decade the Library has been a leader in many initiatives: increasing development of digital resources; collaborating with the Five Colleges Consortium, which was one of the first in the country to develop a shared book depository; developing a highly successful Learning Commons that engages partners in providing a broad range, of services and settings for learners; providing services through partners welcomed into library facilities, such the peer learning activities of the Learning Resources ...


Guide To Stones Used For Houses Of Worship In Northeastern Ohio, Joseph T. Hannibal 2010 Cleveland Museum of Natural History

Guide To Stones Used For Houses Of Worship In Northeastern Ohio, Joseph T. Hannibal

Cleveland Memory

The purpose of this guide is to serve as an introduction and field guide to the stone used for Northeastern Ohio’s sacred landmarks. compiling this information are noted. Both exterior and interior stones are described. Locations are given so that visitors can find various interior features. Finally, interesting facts having to do with the stones are given in a remarks section and references to sources used.


Disaster Rehabilitative Housing In India, Shehla Hussain 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Disaster Rehabilitative Housing In India, Shehla Hussain

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

The project explores the design development of housing within the scenario of Post Disaster Rehabilitation of populations displaced by natural disasters. By looking at the house as a system that combines two distinct phases of rehabilitative housing, namely Transitional Housing and Durable Housing, the design seeks to reduce the complications of relocation every time there is a need to move on to the next phase of shelter aid.

To truly make the house construction an owner driven experience, the system aims to be designed such that it can manipulated by the owner/user to suit their long term needs and ...


Computational Modeling Of Effects Of Alloying Elements On Elastic Coefficients, Z. K. Liu, H. Zhang, S. Ganeshan, Y. Wang, S. N. Mathaudhu 2010 Pennsylvania State University

Computational Modeling Of Effects Of Alloying Elements On Elastic Coefficients, Z. K. Liu, H. Zhang, S. Ganeshan, Y. Wang, S. N. Mathaudhu

Architectural Engineering -- Faculty Publications

Models for composition and temperature dependencies of single-crystal elastic stiffness coefficients are developed and applied to the Al12Mg17 and hexagonal closed-packed solution phases in the Mg–Al system based on data from first-principles calculations. In combination with models for multi-phases, the bulk, shear, and Young’s moduli of Mg–Al alloys are predicted and compared with available experimental data in the literature. It is noted that both phase transition and grain boundary sliding may play important roles in the elastic coefficients as a function of temperature.


Active Noise Barrier Minimizing Pressure Gradient, Carl Hart, Siu-Kit Lau 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Active Noise Barrier Minimizing Pressure Gradient, Carl Hart, Siu-Kit Lau

Architectural Engineering -- Faculty Publications

Minimization of the sound pressure field within the shadow zone of a noise barrier is achieved by reducing the pressure gradient along a line, at the top of a barrier, via active noise control. The noise control effectiveness of a barrier is increased by this strategy, especially for specific system configurations. The proposed method was evaluated by numerical simulation. Results indicate that system orientation has little effect on minimizing the pressure gradient at the top of the barrier when the error sensors are invisible to the primary noise disturbance. Highly effective control within the shadow zone and close to the ...


Optimum Absorption And Aperture Parameters For Realistic Coupled Volume Spaces Determined From Computational Analysis And Subjective Testing Results, David T. Bradley, Lily M. Wang 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Optimum Absorption And Aperture Parameters For Realistic Coupled Volume Spaces Determined From Computational Analysis And Subjective Testing Results, David T. Bradley, Lily M. Wang

Architectural Engineering -- Faculty Publications

This project utilizes computational modeling to study the effects of varying two architectural parameters, absorption ratio and aperture size, in a realistic coupled volume concert hall. Coupled volumes have been shown to exhibit non-exponential sound energy decay profiles, referred to as double slope effect. A number of objective metrics (T30/T15, LDT/T10, decay ratio, and ΔL) have been used to quantify the double slope effect of the profiles generated in the virtual hall. T30/T15 and LDT/T10 showed similar trends across all hall configurations, indicating decreasing double slope effect with increasing coupled volume absorption ratio for each aperture ...


Noise Propagation Through Open Windows Of Finite Depth Into An Enclosure, Caleb Sieck, Siu-Kit Lau 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Noise Propagation Through Open Windows Of Finite Depth Into An Enclosure, Caleb Sieck, Siu-Kit Lau

Architectural Engineering -- Faculty Publications

Predicting the insertion loss of an opening backed with an enclosed space is important for building noise control. Recent research in sound transmission through apertures of finite depth in infinite rigid baffles has included the effects of propagating and evanescent modes within the aperture in order to extend models to higher frequencies. The present study extends the model to the case of the aperture backed by a cavity as opposed to sound radiating into half-space. The role of coupling between the aperture modes, radiation modes, and cavity modes in the transmission was investigated. The results were compared to those of ...


Feasibility Study Of Solar Driven Underground Cooling System, Michel E. Shafik 2010 University of Nebraska at Lincoln

Feasibility Study Of Solar Driven Underground Cooling System, Michel E. Shafik

Architectural Engineering -- Dissertations and Student Research

In the United States the peak electrical use occurs during the summer. In addition, the building sector consumes a major portion of the annual electrical energy consumption. One of the main energy consuming components in the building sector is the Heating, Ventilation, and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) systems. This research studies the feasibility of implementing a solar driven underground cooling system that could contribute to reducing building cooling loads. The developed system consists of an Earth-to-Air Heat Exchanger (EAHE) coupled with a solar chimney that provides a natural cool draft to the test facility building at the Solar Energy Research Test Facility ...


Concrete Slender Wall Design – Back To The Future, John W. Lawson, James Lai 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Concrete Slender Wall Design – Back To The Future, John W. Lawson, James Lai

Architectural Engineering

Slender concrete walls incorporated into tilt-up construction
over the past 60 years have performed remarkably well under
out-of-plane wind and seismic loads. While issues associated
with seismic wall anchorage gave this form of construction a
black-eye in the early days, the concrete walls themselves
have always performed very well even as far back as their
first use in the early 1900s. Yet the height-to-thickness
limitations in 1985 and earlier model building codes were
proved irrational and were removed. We as engineers expect
building codes to evolve and advance the state of the art with
each successive edition. The latest edition ...


Ab-10-017: Combined Effects Of Noise And Temperature On Human Comfort And Performance (1128-Rp), Dale Tiller, Lily M. Wang, Amy Musser, Matthew Radik 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Ab-10-017: Combined Effects Of Noise And Temperature On Human Comfort And Performance (1128-Rp), Dale Tiller, Lily M. Wang, Amy Musser, Matthew Radik

Architectural Engineering -- Faculty Publications

This paper summarizes results from an experiment designed to investigate the combined effects of noise and temperature on human thermal comfort and task performance. Thirty subjects (16 females, 14 males) were exposed to all combinations of five thermal conditions (PMV +1 [79.6°F:26.4°C], PMV +0.5 [75.8°F:24.3°C], PMV 0 [72.1°F:22.3°C], PMV -0.5 [68.3°F:20.2°C], and PMV -1 [64.6°F:18.1°C]), three RC noise levels (RC-30, RC-40, and RC-50), and two sound qualities (neutral and rumbly): all sounds mimicked ...


Ab-10-019: Human Performance And Perception-Based Evaluations Of Indoor Noise Criteria For Rating Mechanical System Noise With Time-Varying Fluctuations (1322-Rp), Lily M. Wang, Cathleen C. Novak 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Ab-10-019: Human Performance And Perception-Based Evaluations Of Indoor Noise Criteria For Rating Mechanical System Noise With Time-Varying Fluctuations (1322-Rp), Lily M. Wang, Cathleen C. Novak

Architectural Engineering -- Faculty Publications

The goal of this study was to investigate the effects of noise from building mechanical systems with time-varying fluctuations on human task performance and perception, and to determine how well current indoor noise rating methods account for this performance and perception. Six different noise conditions with varying degrees of time-varying fluctuations, many focused in the low frequency rumble region, were reproduced in an office-like setting. Thirty participants were asked to complete typing, grammatical reasoning, and math tasks plus subjective questionnaires, while being exposed for approximately one hour to each noise condition. Results show that the noise conditions with higher sound ...


Ab-10-018: The Effects Of Noise From Building Mechanical Systems With Tonal Components On Human Performance And Perception (1322-Rp), Erica E. Ryherd, Lily M. Wang 2010 Georgia Institute of Technology

Ab-10-018: The Effects Of Noise From Building Mechanical Systems With Tonal Components On Human Performance And Perception (1322-Rp), Erica E. Ryherd, Lily M. Wang

Architectural Engineering -- Faculty Publications

This study investigated the effects of noise from building mechanical systems with tonal components on human task performance and perception. Six different noise conditions based on in-situ measurements were reproduced in an office-like setting; all were set to approximately the same sound level (47 dBA) but could have one particular tonal frequency (120 Hz, 235 Hz, or 595 Hz) at one of two tonal prominence ratios (5 or 9). Thirty participants were asked to complete typing, grammatical reasoning, and math tasks plus subjective questionnaires, while being exposed for approximately 1 hour to each noise condition. Results show that the noise ...


Civic Center For Municipal Corporation Of Delhi, Akanksha Sharma 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Civic Center For Municipal Corporation Of Delhi, Akanksha Sharma

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

The thesis project proposes to explore into the design possibilities for the Civic Center for Municipal Corporation of Delhi and extract the richness of the site conditions into architecture through means of computational design. The computational design approach will provide a degree of variance which will be an interesting thing to explore in terms of defining spaces, program and systems.. The design would hinge on to one of the major centers of Delhi and aim to enhance social permeability through means of forms and articulation of spaces. It would cater to all classes of people and help in promoting small ...


Analysis Of Energyplus For Use In Residential Building Energy Optimization, Justin Sidney Spencer 2010 University of Colorado at Boulder

Analysis Of Energyplus For Use In Residential Building Energy Optimization, Justin Sidney Spencer

Civil Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This work explored the utility of EnergyPlus as a simulation engine for doing residential building energy optimization, with the objective of finding the modeling areas that require further development in EnergyPlus for residential optimization applications. This work was conducted primarily during 2006-2007, with publication occurring later in 2010. The assessments and recommendations apply to the simulation tool versions available in 2007.

During this work, an EnergyPlus v2.0 (2007) input file generator was developed for use in BEopt 0.8.0.4 (2007). BEopt 0.8.0.4 is a residential Building Energy optimization program developed at the National Renewable ...


Quantifying The Effectiveness Of Pair-Wise Interactions Among Safety Program Elements Through A Cross-Impact Analysis, Matthew Calhoun 2010 University of Colorado, Boulder

Quantifying The Effectiveness Of Pair-Wise Interactions Among Safety Program Elements Through A Cross-Impact Analysis, Matthew Calhoun

Civil Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

The current construction safety and health management strategy is informal and safety program elements are selected without consistency across the industry. This is especially true for small construction companies who typically operate with a limited safety and health management budget. To guide these small construction firms, this study develops a tool to maximize the effectiveness of their current safety program. This study uses the Delphi method to gain consensus among thirteen experts in the field of construction safety and health. The experts quantify the interrelationships of the following highly-effective safety program elements: emergency response planning; first aid facilities; frequent safety ...


An Investigation Of Design Parameters That Affect Commercial High-Rise Office Building Energy Consumption And Demand, Margarete Rois Langner 2010 University of Colorado at Boulder

An Investigation Of Design Parameters That Affect Commercial High-Rise Office Building Energy Consumption And Demand, Margarete Rois Langner

Civil Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

There are many factors that drive energy consumption and demand in high-rise commercial office buildings. Understanding the effects of individual building parameters and two-factor interactions can be very useful for directing building audits, developing energy simulation models, and for building science research in general. In an effort to expedite building audit processes and energy model development, the work presented in this thesis offers strategies and best practices for efficiently conducting audits and developing building energy models. In conjunction, a fractional factorial analysis (FFA) was conducted to evaluate a large number of building parameters in an effort to quantify their effect ...


Grading For Landscape Architects And Architects, Bo Yang 2010 Utah State University

Grading For Landscape Architects And Architects, Bo Yang

Bo Yang

No abstract provided.


The Thinking Hand:Book Review, Jim Roche 2010 Dublin Institute of Technology

The Thinking Hand:Book Review, Jim Roche

Articles

In this new book Juhani Pallasmaa continues his phenomenological exploration begun in ‘The Eyes of the Skin (2005)’, with the ‘Thinking Hand’ here proffered as a metaphor for his contention that all our senses, have innate imbedded crucial skills which help us perform the most basic daily tasks – and to create inspired works of art and architecture.


Ab-10-C037: Effects Of Noise From Building Mechanical Systems On Elementary School Student Achievement, Lauren M. Ronsse, Lily M. Wang 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Ab-10-C037: Effects Of Noise From Building Mechanical Systems On Elementary School Student Achievement, Lauren M. Ronsse, Lily M. Wang

Architectural Engineering -- Faculty Publications

This project seeks to determine what relationship, if any, exists betweenbackground noise levels in elementary classrooms due to the building mechanicalsystems and student performance on achievement tests. Previous research inclassroom acoustics has clearly identified that lower background noise levelsresult in higher speech intelligibility which is crucial for the learning process;however, there is a lack of data correlating lower noise levels to improved studentachievement scores. For this study, background noise level measurements were madein 14 elementary schools in a public school system in Council Bluffs, Iowa, USA.The measurements were made in unoccupied classrooms with the central buildingmechanical systems activated ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress